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By A. F.
•fl* M«wa Senrio*. Washington, D. C.—Joseph B. East man, federal co-ordinator of trans portation, recommended to congress the enactment of a law providing un employment compensation for ap proximately 1,504,000 workers in the railroad, motor, w^ter and air trans portation industries. The measure was drafted after a prolonged study by the labor relations section of Mr. Eastman's office. It proposes that unemployment in trans portation industries shall be on a na tional instead of a state basis and would exempt these industries from the state insurance plans provided un der the social security act and estab lish a uniform federal plan. Unemployment Insurance Law Urged By Eastman For All Transportation Employes According to the Eastman program, funds for the insurance would be pro vided by payroll taxes on railroad companies of 1 per cent in 1936, 2 per cent in 1937 and 3 per cent in 1938 and following years. These rates are the same as those fixed in the federal social security law enacted by con gress last year. Plan Involves 1,564,000 Workers With Maximum Benefit of $75 Per Month The insurance or compensation pay ments under the Eastman measure would be based on the wage loss prin oiple. A totally unemployed worker would receive benefits equal to 50 per cent of his average earnings up to a maximum of $75 a month. The aver age earnings would be determined by selecting the highest monthly earnings in each quarter of a year and aver aging the earnings of the four months thus selected. Mr. Eastman pointed out that by adopting the wage loss principle the plan would allow a part-time worker benefits based on a mathematical for 250 St. Louis Tailors Strike For Higher Pay St. Louis, Mo. (AFLNS)—Demand ing a 20 per cent increase in weekly wages and shorter hours, about 250 members of Journeymen Tailors' Union, Local No. 11, declared a strike affecting most of the men's clothing stores and some smaller independent shops. The clothing departments in the large department stores were not immediately affected, because these stores, although not operating under union shop agreements, recently granted wage increases. Frank Petera, business agent of the union, said the tailors now receive an average of from $18 to $25 a .week, while the bushelmen, who make al terations and do minor tailoring work, get between $18 and $27.50 a week. Some of the men now work as much as 52 hours a week, he said. The union wants a working week of from 40 to 44 hours. Other union demands mentioned by Petera included advance notice of dis missal and prohibition of dismissals without cause, improved lighting in most of the shops, and division of work among all union members so that no member will be without continuous employment. mula. A transportation employe who normally earns $100 and whose earn ings were reduced by part time to $40 a month would receive $25 under this program. Earnings in excess of $150 a month would not be considered in the benefit calculations. The law would be administered by a division of transportation unemploy ment compensation in the Federal So cial Security Board. The measure also creates an advisory board com posed of representatives of employers and employes. MAYOR LA GUARBIA'S COMMITTEE Finds May's Dept. Store Re sponsible for Strike New York, N. Y. (AFLNS)—A strong report charging the officials of May's department store in Brook lyn with responsibility for the strike there a number of months ago was made public here by the committee appointed by Mayor La Guardia to investigate the walkout. The com mittee made the progressive recom mendation "that shoppers of Brook lyn make their purchases where a sense of justice controls employment policies." According to the report of the com mittee which was appointed by the mayor on February 13, after the strike had been in progress 17 weeks, the walkout was caused by the discharge of two store employes, members of Local 1250 of the Department Store Workers' Union. The committee's survey revealed that wages at May's were at least 30 per cent below the city-wide average for department store and retail trade employes. Weekly wage examples cited were a $11 .50 average during October, 1935 a $12.97 average during November, $13.47 in December, and $11.21 last February. It was found that part-time em ployment was the rule rather than the exception, with only half the em ployes working full time during last December. In addition, uncompensated overtime, deductions for a benevolent association and unsanitary working conditions were listed as other abuses causing dissatisfaction among the em ployes. SATURDAY SPECIALS Brisket Pot Roast....v 9c lb. Smoked Bacon 22c lb. Van Camp Milk, tall cans 4 for 25c The committee was unable to settle the strike because company officials refused to reinstate 10 of the strik ing employes. The report was signed by the Rev John Howard Melish, chairman Christopher C. Mollenhauer, Patrick Scanlan and Justice Rosalie Loew Whitney. Will Maslow, of the staff of Paul Blanshard, commissioner of ac counts, aided in preparing the find ings. Subscribe for The Press. CHICAGO MARKET CO. Corner Front and High Streets Telephone 4506 10 Valuable Prizes You may win a lathe, electric drill, battery charger, and tools by buying your parts for that truck, tractor, gasoline engine, or auto at Savage Auto Supply Co. CSC-38 MAPLE AVENUS PHONE 11C '•0:' I I IF BUTLER COUNTY PRESS. VOL. XXXVI. No. 2 HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, APRIL 17, 1936 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR 0i! Workers Demand Two years ago the union first took its challenge to congress. At that time President Flemming appeared to ar gue for embargo, presenting a state ment in which he was joined by the American Federation of Labor, the railroad brotherhoods and other organ izations. At that time Edward F. McGrady,"now assistant secretary of labor, was A. F. of L. legislative representative. Face Powerful Opposition "We know we are facing formidable opposition," said President Flemming, "Among the great companies that op pose embargo are the great Rocke feller-Mellon-Morgan companies, in cluding Gulf Oil, American Oil, Con tinental, Atlantic, Standard, Sun,, and Texas. Here we have a group that typifies the whole oligarchy of wealth in opposition to human welfare and progress. This is made even clearer when we know that not a one of these companies operates under union con ditions in the United States. "By and large the union-oper ated companies either favor em bargo or they are not opposing the Disney bill as a minimum pro tection. "While American wells, drilled for the most part under state permis sion, are being choked back, their un derlying pools being polluted and lost forever, we are importing a volume of production equal to the output of the state of Kansas, losing about $11,500,000 annually in wages to Americans in oil fields and refineries, in addition to transportation work that is lost to our own people. Fat Profits Garnered "Paying pitiful wages in Vene The Battle Is On GREAT ANTI-UNION OIL COMPANIES ACCUSED OF GOUGING U. S. PUBLIC Giant Concerns Import Big Volume of Cheap Labor Oil From South America, Reaping Harvest of Profits and Resulting in Huge Wage Loss to American Workers. Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—De mand for absolute embargo on im ports of petroleum and petroleum products is to be made by the Inter national Association of Oil Field, Gas Well and Refinery Workers, in a hear ing promised shortly before the house ways and means committee. The ways and means committee has before it the Disney bill for curtail ment of imports, an excise measure. "If we cannot secure complete em bargo we will accept the Disney bill as a beginning," said President Har vey Flemming, of the Oil Field Work ers, "but we want to make it clear that we demand absolute embargo and nothing less will be satisfactory." w zuela and Colombia, these great oil companies are selling their im ported product from American pumps at filling stations for the same price they get for domestic production, taking by that means another huge gouge out of the American public. The companies are winning from two directions, while the American people lose from every direction. Big busi ness is simply up to its old game and we are asking congress to put a stop to the game. "Our information is that a house majority is friendly to our position. We intend to find out and we ask la bor organizatdns throughout the United States to demand action by writing letters to congressmen, by adopting and forwarding resolutions and by asking other groups to do like wise. If congress refuses this action it will be helping no one but the oil barons and South Amercan tyrants." Extension of Disputes Act To All Industry is Sought Montreal (ILNS)—A petition is in circulation in the province of Que bec asking that Dominion industrial disputes investigation act be amended to make it applicable to all industries, Now the act applies to public utilities and a few other specified industries Sponsors of the amendment claim it will enable unorganized workers, to secure investigation of their griev ances by an officer of the Dominion government, or conciliation boards constituted under the amended act, and redress of their grievances by the pressure of an aroused public opinion. It does not appear that the trade unions are impressed by the views set forth in support of the petition, their experience being that the pressure of public opinion is no substitute for effective organization. BERRY FORMS LABOR GROUP TO BACK UP THE PRESIDENT Washington, W. C. (AFLNS)—Maj George L. Berry, co-ordinator for in dustrial co-operation, announced the formation of a new political organi zation called "Labor's Non-Partisan League," designed to mobilize sup port among the workers for President Roosevelt in the 1986 campaign. 3 Aosmute Bar on All Foreign Petroleum Hopkins Names McDonough To WPA Labor Policy Board Washington, D. C. (INLS)—Works Progress Administrator Harry L. Hopkins has appointed Michael J. McDonough as a member of the Labor Policies Board of the administration, to succeed James Wilson, of Cincin nati, resigned. McDonough, whose home is in San Francisco, is a member of the Oper ative Plasterers" International Asso ciation, w'as for years pi'esident of the building trades department of the American Federation of Labor, and is now its secretary-treasurer. POLISH POLICE ATTACK STRIKERS, KILLING According to reliable reports from Cracow, Poland, police fired on 20,000 striking workers on March 23, kill ing six and wounding a large number. The strikers were marching to the residence of the provincial governor to protest the ousting of striking rub ber workers from a factory in which they had barricaded themselves. J. ,• IS YOUR BACK WORTH§ l(J[} A WEEK? infl oPP°^ y fuU *odei 300, new for 475, ,d*°l IAod«l 825, mini C. SHANESSY Barbers' Union President, Is Dead Indianapolis, Ind. (AFLNS)—James Colmer Shanessy, general president of the Journeymen Barbers' Interna tional Union of America since 1932, died here on April 4. Mr. Shanessy was a prominent offi ficial of the American labor movement. He was born in New York on July 1, 1870. His father was a switchman. He was self-educated, with short terms in primary day and night schools. He went to work at the early age of eight years. Mr. Shanessy was employed as a barber from 1894 to 1902 he became business agent of Barbers' Local Un ion 102, St. Louis, Mo., in 1902 and held that position until 1909, when he was chosen general organizer of the international union. In 1922 he was elected general president, which office he held until his death. He was instrumental in bringing about Sunday closing of barber shops in several states, and wrote a number of pamphlets dealing with barbers. President Green, of the American Federation of Labor, requested Frank Duffy, secretary of the United Broth erhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, to attend the funeral here as his personal representative and the representative of the American Feder ation of Labor. In a telegfam to W. C. Birthright, secretary-treasurer of the Barbers' Union, President Green said: "President Shanessy has been an outstanding figure in the American Federation of Labor and in its delib erations at conventions covering a large number of years. He was held in high esteem and high regard by the officers and members of the American Federation of Labor. Both the Bar bers' International Union and the American Federation of Labor have sustained a great loss as a result of his death." Memphis Mayor Fights City Workers' Unions Memphis, Tenn. (ILNS)—Mayor Watkins Overton has warned all city employes against organizing or be longing to labor unions which might call them on strike. The mayor's ul timatum came in a brief warning to truck drivers that "there will be no labor unions serving the city." Fifteen city firemen were dismissed a few weeks ago for attempting to form a union. This action was fol lowed later with a school board reso lution outlawing the Memphis Teach ers' Union, an affiliate of the Amer ican Federation of Labor. More than half the city's white teachers are members of the union. Subscribe for The Press. a Hoover, l°W pr'C#d H0°y*r th* aV#r°8 doty "axS::: per*-* 50 nmr w*«V. Hoov«r SHORT TIME ONLY Your old cleaner ac cepted as down pay ment. Small carrying charge. Liberal allow ance for old electric cleaners. Home trial. in Quality -Low in COURT