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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, March 05, 1937, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1937-03-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. XXXVI. No. 48
Is Told.
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—A na
tional campaign of education was
launched at a meeting here to com
bat the discrimination by employers
against men and women 35 years old
and over. The meeting was called by
the New York Council on Economics
which is conducting a similar cam
paign in New York state. Delegates
of eight states attended.
The New York Council on Econom
ics recently petitioned congress for an
investigation of this age discrimina
tion in letters to the chairman of the
senate and house labor committees.
Iwo resolutions were adopted. One
appealed to the people of America to
join the campaign against the "scrap
ping" of middle-aged workers. The
second requested federal, state and
city civil service commissions tc re
move all age barriers in applications
as an aid to midde-aged applicants
except in such positions in which the
employment of youth is essential
Fight Is Begun on
Discrimination Against
Workers of 35 and Older!
Employers' Attitude Scored
Edward C. Rybicki, of New York
Typogi aphical Union No. 6, president
of the council and former director of
New Y oik City's Free Employment
Agency, presided. In opening the
meeting, he said:
"One of America's greatest prob
lems is the inability of millions of
American men and women to obtain
employment because our largest em
ployers of labor and others have set
35 years as the maximum hiring age.
"There is need for a national
campaign of education to combat
this regrettable situation. The
'scrapping' of men and women 35
years and over, is responsible for
more than 60 per cent of our
Refusal of Employers to Hire Men and Women Reaching
Age "Deadline" Destroying Morale and Tending Tol
Permanent Unemployment, Washington Conference)
Workers Are Granted Pay
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Tho
Aluminum Company of America has
granted a 10 per cent increase effect
ive March 1 to the 20,000 employes in
its 14 plants, scattered from Pennsyl
vania to California. Company spokes
men estimate that the action will add
$3,000,000 to the annual payroll, and
say that it is the third wage boost in
16 months.
D. T. Cravatt, president of the
Aluminum Workers' Union at New
Kensington, Pa., says that the em
ployes voted to demand a flat 20 per
cent increase.
"The company .got wind of it and
beat us to it," he said. "We feel that
perhaps the raise approximates what
we would have gained through nego
Henry Disston & Sons, makers of
the saws which old fashioned carpen
ters prefer to all others, granted a 10
per cent raise to its 2,000 men at Ta
cony, Pennsylvania. This also was an
attempt of the management to beat
the men to the punch but not quite
so successful as that of the Aluminum
Workers in the Disston plant, mem
bers of Lodge 1,073 of the Amalga
mated Association of Iron, Steel and
Tin Workers, notified the company
earlier the same day that their union
represented a majority of the workers
in the plant, and asked for the open
ipg of collective bargaining. The un
ion intends to press this demand, to
ask for a 25 per cent boost in wages
formal recognition of the union, 40
hour week, time and a half for over
time, seniority rights and an increase
of safety provisions.
work relief load, and is tending
to permanent unemployment..
"This 'scrapping' is destroying thel
morale of these men and women, and
creating a resentment against the
employers practicing this unAmerican|
policy of employment.
No Skilled Labor Shortage
"The alarm that there is a shortage I
of skilled labor is baseless. There are
millions of highly skilled middle-aged
men and women who are unable to ob
tain employment because of their age.l
There is an availability of skilled
labor to meet all present-day needs.'
Attacks on Child
Boston (ILNS)—Appearing before
legislative committee to urge that
Massachusetts ratify the child labor
amendment, Edward F. McGrady, as
sistant secretary of labor, blew up
the far-fetched objection that the
amendment would give congress
power to control the education and
home life of children.
"The amendment," said McGrady,
gives to congress power to 'limit,
egulate and prohibit' the labor of
children under 18. It has nothing to
do with education. Let that be clear.
If it were intended that congress by
this amendment could affect the edu
cation of children in any way, it
would have said so.
Only One Issue
"The issue is to regulate and pro
hibit the trade in children's bodies
in industry," declared McGrady. The
ottenest profits in the world are the
profits made from the sweat and toil
and dead bodies of children."
'I am a Roman Cathoilc, he said. I iutje
emeritus of Harvard.
Lowell "Seeing Things
"There is some question, said Dr
(of the amendment) wish to get
trol over the children of this coun-lfor
Decatur, 111. (AFLNS)—Organized
labor of Decatur has taken a tbree
year lease on a building to be used as
a labor temple. There will be accom
modations for three meetings of dif
ferent locals at the same time
Twelve unions have stated that they
will be tenants as soon as the build
ing is ready for occupancy.
Spring is juit around the corner, so don't wait until the last
minute but get busy on that Tractor now.
We Re-bore, fit Piston Pins, install Cylinder Sleeves, repair
cracked blocks, install new valve seats—in fact, We can fix them if
anyone can.
A Home Owned Store Phone 116
(Cofiyrlitht. w. ft. U.)
General Chairmen
"But the church in this country neverl^g four train and engine service
has taken a stand against the child I brotherhoods, and the switchmen,
labor amendment." I These five organizations already have
Individual Catholics, as McGradyI demanded a 20 per cent increase, ap
admitted, have taken part against thelpiyjng o about 300,000 men. Now,
amendment. Mgr. Ahern, speakingjthe other 16 rail unions, representing
for Cardinal O'Connell, opposed thelsome 800,000 workers and extending
amendment as "an unqualified grant If
of power" to congress. I the maintenance of way men, agree
The most preposterous objection,|to make the following demands:
however, was made to the amendment
1. General increase amounting to 20
by A. Lawrence Lowell, president|centg
Lowell, "as to what labor means. I time for all stand-by forces.
Does it include military training? 11 The increase in wages is to be work
can't say. Does it include school?Ie(j
"This is not a child labor amend-1 .This, obviously, means the larg
ment," said Dr. Lowell. "It is a|est proportionate increase to the low
great deal more. The protagonists I
W 7\
Chicago (ILNS)—Sixteen standard
railroad unions, represented in con
vention here by 1,000 general chair
men, have agreed to demand a wage
.increase of 20 cents an hour for all
thgir workers and other changes which
may prove to be even more far reach
The unions taking this action in-
u the railroad crafts, except
the clerks to the shop crafts and
an hour
2. Guarantee of full-time work for
all regularly assigned men.
3. Guarantee of two-thirds of full
ou so as
Most children think that schooling is I weekly, monthly or piece time workers
con-|tenance 0 W
try, and the treatment of these chil-1 underpaid men in the railroad indus
dren." I try. A large proportion of them, like
Robert J. Watt, secretary-treasurer I
of the Massachusetts Federation °f|months in the winterseason. Their
Labor, described Lowell's speech
"gibberish' and a good many agreed I hearing on railroad wages since such
with him.
to give hourly, daily,
the same increase of 20 cents per
paj(j workers. These are the main-
ay men, who have been,
least half a century, the worst
ise, are idle for from three to five
plight has been a scandal at every
hearings began.
Employment Fell Steadily
The second and third propositions
are definite steps toward what the
late senator Couzens called "the long
wage," an assured yearly income of
a decent living size.
Few groups of labor have more need
to strike out on this line than the rail
road workers. They won back the
slash in wages inflicted on them
shortly after the war and even the
depression cut their rates of pay only
10 per cent. But this table, from the
ICC reports, shows how the railroad
workers were punished with complete
and lasting layoffs and part-time
1 work:
1 No. Employes Total Compen
1 December 31 sation for Y'r
11920 2,076,000 $3,754,281,000
11921 2,076,000 2,823,970,000
11922 1,670,000 2,693,292,000
11923 1,902,000 3,063,026,000
11924 1,795,000 2,882,658,000
11925 1,786,000 2,916,193,000
11926 1,822,000 8,001,804,000
J1927 1,776,000 2,963,034,000
The Jekyll and Hyde of the Calendar
if march cometH in like a lion
it leaveth. like, a lamb
Sixteen Railroad Unions Ask
Chicago Meeting Agree On
Three-Point Program of Demands Covering
800,000 Workers and Aiming at Assured, Ade
quate Yearly Income and Steady Employment.
Early Conferences Sought
It is estimated that the combined
demands of all railroad workers—20
per cent increase for the brotherhoods
and switchmen and 20 cents an hour
increase for the other 16 railroad oc
cupations—would add $360,000,000 to
the annual railroad labor bill. Even
that would make it only a little more
than half what it was in 1920.
Notiices will be served on railroad
managements at once, and confer
ences between management and men
will begin at a time agreed upon be
tween them. The men want confer
enres to start not later than the mid
dle of April.
Court Plan Approved
The meeting of railroad labor rep
resentatives, presided over by George
M. Harrison, president of the Rail
way Labor Executives Association
adopted unanimously a resolution ap
proving President Roosevelt's plan for
reform' of the federal courts. First
stating that "the American people will
be delivered over to the great bank
ing and industrial corporations if the
decisions of the supreme court are al
lowed to stand," the resolution closes
as follows:
"We, the general chairmen and offi
cers of the standard railroad labor
organizations, 1,000 in number and
representing 800,000 employes engag
ed in the railway transportation in
dustry, therefore resolve to give our
endorsement to the president's mes
sage calling for legislation to reform
the federal judiciary."
Bakery Drivers' Union No. 52 of
Cleveland, Ohio, has secured a union
shop agreement with five companies
providing a ten per cent wage in
crease, a five-day 48-hour week, no
deliveries on Saturday, a week's vaca
tion with pay, seniority rights and
free uniforms. Wages are now $33.60
a week instead of the former $30.
The glass eye is just another opti
cal illusion. Wear- your goggles!
vice versa
1928 1,692,000 2,874,429,000
1929 1,694,000 2,940,206,000
1930 1,517,000 2,588,598,000
1931 1,283,000 2,124,784,000
1932 1,052,000 1,535,066.000
1933 991,000 1,424,392,000
1934 1,027,000 1,541,313,000
1935 1,014,000 1,666,299,000
Figures for the full year of 1936 are
not yet available. The monthly rec
ords average 5 or 6 per cent above
those of 1935 in number employed
with a slightly larger increase in
total compensation.
Cent Increase in Pay
Members of the Japanese parlia
ment charge that Japanese police tor
ture prisoners. Probably they do
But what is our American police
third degree" but a crude and ut
terly ilegal form of torture?
Marshal Field, A1 Capone's favorite
department store, i-eports net earn
ings increased more than 1,300 per
cent in 1936 over those of the pre
vious year. But why aren't we told
how much the wage payments of
Marshal Field increased in the same
Steel men are saying of their re
fusal to bid on steel for the navy
'We don't want the business if we
have to conform to the Walsh-Healey
act." Government yards build war
ships much cheaper than private
yards under contract. Why not try
out the same plan for some steel
Subscribe for The Press
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New Easy!
Carrying Billion
Washington, D. C. (ILNS)—Robert
F. Wagner in the senate, and Henry
B. Steagall in the house, have intro
duced a billion dollar federal housing
program bill, modeled closely on the
one which Senator Wagner got
through the last session of the senate,
only to have it fail in the house. The
bill provides:
For the creation of a United States
housing authority, to combine all the
scattered housing activities of the
government, consisting of three mem
bers, named by the president and con
firmed by the senate: to make grants
to state and local housing authorities.
For the use of these grants, and
other funds, in developing safe and
sanitary housing for low-income
groups and the clearance of slum
For Prevailing Wages
For the payment of prevailing
wages to all workers in all localities
which engage in this work.
For the complete decentralizing of
the work, except in demonstration
project and slum clearance projects,
which are to be sold to local agencies
as early as possible.
In addition to the grants, which are
loaned at rates not less than that
paid on the government bonds issued
to get the money, the federal gov
ernment will make contributions to
the work. It is expected to construct
375,000 family unit dwellings in the
next four years, at a cost of $1,500,
Wagner Cites Benefits
Senator Wagner cited some of the
benefits from this program, which he
pronounces will go through congress
without fail, as follows:
'By stimulating the durable goods
industries, now lagging farthest be
hind in the recovery drive, and by fac
ing the problem of technological un
employment, it will create jobs in pri
vate industry for the men and women
still idle and dependent upon public
relief despite their overwhelming de
sire to earn a decent living in a nor
mal way.
"And at a cost much cheaper than
the terrible social and business toll
of unhealthy housing—in terms of di
sease, crime and maladjustment—it
will provide better living quarters for
millions who now dwell in dismal and
insanitary surroundings.
President Lyden
Will Broadcast
Columbus, Ohio (OLNS)—Presi
dent M. J. Lyden, of the Ohio State
Federation of Labor, will speak over
Radio Station WHKC (640 kilocycles),
Columbus, Monday, March 8, from
6:30 6:30 to 6:45 p.m.
His topic will be "Organized La
bor's Program in Relation to the
State." The broad cast is one of a
weekly series sponsored by the Ohio
State Federation of Labor.

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