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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, October 03, 1941, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045012/1941-10-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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Washington, D. C. (ILNS). The
Bland bill aimed at "subversive" ma
rine radio operators represents "an
other legislative effort along the lines
of many made in recent months to
punish labor under the guise of ferret
ing out subversive activities," Rev
erend Owen A. Knox, chairman of the
National Federation for Constitutional
Liberties told a sub-committee of the
Senate Commerce Committee in hear
ings on the bill.
The bill, H. R. 5074, gives the
Federal Communications Commission
power to withhold or suspend marine
radio operator licenses if it finds that
there is a "reasonable probability"
that the applicant or holder is a "sub
versive individual." By its language,
Rev. Knox charged, the measure gives
the F. C. C. unprecedented authority,
going much farther than any other
piece of federal legislation to punish
persons for their beliefs, both past and
present, as well as for their past or
New York City (ILNS).—Charging
that Premier Mitchell F. Hepburn of
Ontario was attempting "to under
mine the authority and prestige of
Prime Minister MacKenzie King," the
Union for Democratic Action urged
American labor to ignore the attacks
on Canadian and American labor con
tained in Hepburn's continent-wide
broadcast September 23.
Speaking through its executive sec
retary, Dr. James Loeb, the Union for
Democratic Action, a liberal interven
tionist organization, commended the
"constructive spirit" of American la
bor at this time of crisis and insisted
that Hepburn's attack could only do
harm to the democratic cause.
Reference was also made in Dr.
Loeb's statement to the past anti
labor and appeasement history of Hep
burn who was closely associated po
litcially with former Premier Du
plessis of Quebec who so strongly op
posed the Canadian conscription law.
Dr. Loeb's statement said in part:
"Premier Mitchell F. Hepburn of On
tario has not helped the fight against
Hitler by his rash and unjustified at
tack against labor in his continent
wide broadcast. On the contrary, he
made it all the more difficult to con
vince the rank and file of organized
labor in this country that their demo
cratic rights will be maintained dur
ing and after a period of war emer
gency. Coming at a time when, with
few exceptions, the labor organiza-.
tions of this country are bending every
effort to produce for the 'arsenal of
democracy,' Premier Hepburn's labor
baiting can have no healthy result.
"It ill behooves an official of a Ca
nadian province to tell American labor
what it can and cannot do. The Union
for Democratic Action is proud of the
constructive spirit of organized Amer
ican labor in this time of crisis. Loyal
democrats should be working to ce
ment cordial relations between Amer
ican and Canadian labor instead of
stirring up conflict at this time."
The Union for Democratic Action
was organized last May to fight for
democracy both at home and abroad.
Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr of the Union
Theological Seminary is chairman. Its
sponsoring list contains A. F. of L.
union executives, including George
Counts, president of the American
Federation of Teachers Mark Starr
and Nathaniel Minkoff of the Inter
national Ladies' Garment Workers'
Union and A. Philip Randolph, presi
dent of the Brotherhood of Sleeping
Car Porters.
Bill Aimed At "Subversive"
Operators in Marine Radio
Service Denounced by Knox
Termed "Another Legislative Effort Along Lines of Many
Made in Recent Months to Punish Labor"—Charge is
Made of Attempt to Railroad Bill Through Congress.
present activities.
Declaring the federation which he
represents to be opposed to "all forms
of truly subversive activities," Knox
urged defeat of the bill "to prevent
the American people from being dis
The legislation is so framed, he said,
that it would be unnecessary to prove
that a particular individual had sub
versive ideas the F. C. C. would
merely have to have "information
which would in the opinion of the com
mission justify a finding by it that
there is a responsible .probability that
such operator is a subversive indi
Knox charged proponents of the bill
with attempting to railroad it through
Congress. It was first introduced by
Congressman Bland on June 27. On
June 20 it was reported to the House
without hearing, and July 22 passed
the House without a record vote, and
after only a few minutes of discussion.
(From the Journal of Electrical
What is it that makes a nation? It
is not mere racial inheritance. Switz
erland is a great nation but it has a
mixture of French, German and Italian
peoples within its boundaries. A strong
government does not make a nation.
The mere ability to hold a population
between designed boundaries is not
A nation in the last analysis is a
spirit, the holding of common ideals,
allegiance to collective memories, the
determination to preserve these ideals
against all attack and invasion. In this
sense the United States with its score
of different nationalities, its wide
flung boundaries and its centralized
government is certainly a nation.
From the very beginning, persons
from all nations who believed in free
dom, opportunity, enterprise and de
cency have flocked to the North Amer
ican continent to live together and to
forge their destiny. Nothing can
break this circle of fellowship except
those people within the circle them
Australia Labor Bans
Soviet-Aid Units Link
Sydney, Australia.—The federal ex
ecutive of the Labor party, while ex
pressing admiration for the Soviet
Union, recognizing that Russian re
sistance has been of tremendous as
sistance in the fight against the Axis,
and urging closer co-ordination in the
Allied effort through exchange of dip
lomatic and trade representatives with
the Soviet, has banned Laborites from
membership in Soviet-aid organiza
tions, including the Australian Soviet
Friendship League, the Friends of the
Soviet Union and the Australian Rus
sian Association.
The ban involves expulsion of those
members associating with such groups.
The executive asserted that Australian
Communists were attempting to cap
italize upon the Soviet's struggle for
their own purposes.
New York, N. Y.—-An agreement
between Local No. 3, of the Inter
national Brotherhood of Electrical
Workers, A. F. of L. affiliate, and the
Noma Electric Company, manufactur
ers of Christmas tree lights, carries
a provision for free lunches for the
400 employes. A committee of the em
ployes, most of whom are girls, will
plan the lunch menus.
and High Sts. Phone 5000
(WNU Service)
Seattle, Wash. One of the most
historic conventions in the annals of
the American Federation of Labor will
open here October 6 at a time of na
tional crisis.
Labor leaders predicted the conven
tion will go on record unanimously for
all-out aid to the national defense pro
gram and for all-out support of Pres
ident Roosevelt's defense policies.
The sixty-first annual convention of
the American Federation of Labor will
review the coui'se of the defense pro
gram to date and chart policies for
the future. These policies will seek
to obtain greater cooperation between
labor and the government and better
teamwork with industry to the end
that defense production can proceed
without interruption to ever higher
In addition to the problems of na
tional defense and foreign policy, the
convention will consider and act upon
labor's own problems.
It is expected that the convention
will direct the initiation of an inten
sified organizing drive in all branches
of industry so that millions of unor
ganized workers can secure the bene
fits of trade union affiliation.
Plans also will be drafted for an
unremitting fight against anti-labor
legislation sponsored by selfish inter
ests who are trying to take advantage
of the defense emergency to under
mine the gains of American workers
and their standards of living.
Steps to prevent defense unemploy
ment resulting from the application
of priorities to essential materials
will be earnestly recommended by the
Another progressive move slated to
be taken by the convention will be the
exertion of pressure for a greatly ex
panded defense housing program to
alleviate shocking conditions under
which many defense workers are now
forced to live and to provide jobs for
thousands of building trades workers.
Immediate adoption of a post-war
program of peace production, to pre
vent another depression after the
present emergency is over, will be con
sidered by the delegates..
Another post-war probilem of great
importance to labor will be discussed
by representatives of foreign labor
organizations from Europe and the
President William Green disclosed
he has invited a large number of exiled
and visiting labor leaders from other
countries to come to the convention
and help the convention formulate a
labor plank for the eventual peace
Among the distinguished speakers
who already have accepted invitations
The Great National Pastime
Chief Action of AFL Convention
Meeting Set
Conclave Will Review Labor's Problems and Also Chart
Future Program—Foresee Intensive Organizing Drive
for Union Affiliation in All Branches of Industry.
to address the convention are Secre
tary of Labor Frances Perkins and
Assistant Secretary Dan W. Tracy
Chairman Arthur J. Altmeyer, of the
Social Security Board Governor Har
old E. Stassen, of Minnesota Acting
Director Edward J. Phelan, of the In
ternational Labor Office Walter
Schevenels, secretary of the Interna
tional Federation of Trade Unions
Commander Lynn U. Stambaugh, of
the American Legion Administrator
Philip B. Fleming, of the Wage-Hour
Administration Jan Stanczyk, Polish
Minister of Labor and the two British
fraternal delegates, George Thomson
and Edward Hough.
As usual, three of the A. F. of L.
departments will hold their annual
meetings the week before the main
convention opens. The Metal Trades
Department convention started here
September 29, and the Building and
Construction Trades Department con
vention followed on October 1. The
Union Label Trades Department meet
ing opened October 3.
St. John, N. B. (ILNS).—An inves
tigation by the New Brunswick Fair
Wage Board has revealed appalling
conditions for employes of fish, vege
table, meat and fruit canning and
processing plants in the province.
It has been disclosed that for many
years, women and girls have been paid
as low as 7 and 8 cents an hour for
a nine-hour working day, and straight
time for overtime, and that men and
youths have been paid as low as 10
cents an hour, with no regular pay
day in many cases, and the employes
walking four and five miles to work.
In numerous instances, the men get
ting 10 cents an hour have families
depending on their earnings. Even the
war with the big boost in the cost of
living has not caused the owners of
the food plants to revise their wages
Therefore, the board has ordered a
minimflm wage of 25 cents per hour
for men and 15 cents an hour for
women and girls and boys under 18.
However, the order has been restricted
to four counties on the north and east
ern shore of New Brunswick, where
fish processing and canning plants,
particularly, are plentiful.
In order to keep body and soul to
gether it has been necessary for whole
families to work together in such
plants, and the gross wages "for a fam
ily of both parents and four children
Predicted As
6 in
would not exceed $24.30, if a full week
prevailed. The work is seasonal and
with interruptions.
A* Adv&iUft&d in
Houm A Gatdw
Autumn Style Shout
Calgary, Canada.—Tom Moore, pres
ident of the Trades and Labor Con
gress of Canada, opened the fifty-sev
enth annual convention, declaring that
"the strike is no substitute for the
ballot even in war time."
The Ottawa labor leader said the
Congress has never sought to super
sede the function of government, add
ing that the government must and
will govern and if challenged will use
its power to see that its edicts are
carried out.
Labor Minister Norman McClarty
in a message to the Congress urged
employers and employes to maintain
harmonious relations toward assisting
Canada's war effort.
Mr. Moore said Canadian labor real
ized the war must be won, adding "we
do not believe that it is necessary, in
Canada, to surrender all that we have
achieved through fifty-seven years."
As to matters of legislation, Mr.
Moore said the Congress thinks it
should be consulted and recognized.
Canada was not up to date in the
health insurance and social security
that he said was necessary for the
welfare of Canadian workers.
Of strikes in Canada, he said there
was no strike in any industry where
collective agreements had been reached
and he advised employers that "co
operation is not a one-way street."
Workers had gone more than half
way, he added.
Philadelphia (ILNS).—Factory em
ployment in Pennsylvania increased
about one per cent and wage disburse
ments 4 per cent from July to August,
the Federal Reserve Bank of Phila
delphia reports. The number employed
reached a new peak estimated at
1,145,000, or 23 per cent above the level
of 1940. Wage payments rose to a
high of approximately $34,900,000 a
week, exceeding the volume of a year
ago by 48 per cent and the pre-war
level by 76 per cent.
HE impressive away oi smartly styled carpets
rugs we have ever presented. Coohxa^e
bioadioom—so popular beoauae its pebbly texture
creates such a smart two-tone effect—so practical,
because it ia one "twist" carpet that does not lose its
twist. And the newest designs and colors In figured
carpets, too—in staes to ftt practically any sire room.

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