Washington, D. C. (ILNS). The
present rapid expansion of industry is
forcing men and women into the work
ing world who would otherwise stay
out, increasing the likelihood of great
youth unemployment in the period of
demobilization of armed forces and de
Even though "we must be prepared
to fight, if need be, to prevent aggres
sion from without" and therefore must
give the present defense effort the
right-of-way over all other activities,
it is important that some attention
also be given now to the post-defense
period, says Floyd W. Reeves, director
of the American Youth Commission,
in the current issue of the Journal of
Job Opportunities to Lessen
Dr. Reeves enumerates the six large
areas of labor supply which are being
tapped for these additional defense
workers as: younger youth, retired
workers, marginal farm producers,
women in the home, unemployed
workers seeking work, and workers
in non-defense industries.
The first four groups of these work
ers are not at present listed either
among the employed or the unem
ployed, and can be classed as outright
additions to the productive workers
of the nation.
Pointing to the experience of the
first World War demobilization days,
Dr. Reeves states that many of these
workers will remain in industry, block
ing the ordinary entrance of oncoming
classes of young people. Technological
development, which in some industries
at present is cutting the man-hours of
labor by 75 per cent, will cause a
greater reduction in the job oppor
tunities for youth.
"When total unemployment is large,
it is more heavily concentrated among
youth," he said, as he noted that dur
ing the mid-thirties at least 4,000,000
youth were unemployed, and that as
many as one to two million more were
working without wages on the farms
and in homes.
Advance Planning Only Solution
"A demobilization of military forces
and of special defense industries will
Great Youth Unemployment
Predicted Unless Prevented
By Sound Advance Planning
Floyd W. Reeves, Director of American Youth Com
mission, Gives Views in Journal of Educational Soci
ology—Points to Experience of First World War.
Every Friday, Saturday
T. J. WILDER, Prop.
CHICAGO MARKET CO.
release for employment a group of
workers whose average age may be
under 30. Those demobilized from the
armed forces will rightly demand some
preference in placement in peace-time
jobs those released from special de
fense industries will have skills which
can be converted into peace-time in
dustry more economically than new
workers can be trained," Dr. Reeves
"Each year 1,750,000 youth
leave school to seek employment.
A piling up of several million
unemployed, inexperienced new
workers will be inevitable in the
post-war period, unless advance
planning finds a way out of the
dilemma. There is reason to be
lieve that the number of youth
who will not be able to find em
ployment in private enterprise or
non-emergency government work
might easily surpass the four mil
lion of the 'thirties and may reach
five or six million during the
period of transition from defense
to peace-time activities.
"If we escape the social effects re
sulting from a large group of youth,
grown out of childhood and yet cut
off from participation in the adult
world by lack of employment, it will
be only because all agencies concerned
with the care and education of youth
have planned an effective program of
action to cover that period."
Seeks Widening of Road
A delegation from Williamsdale and
vicinity requested widening of River
side Drive in Williamsdale at the reg
ular meeting Tuesday of the Butler
The delegation cited the death last
Friday night of William Beckett, age
72, farmer, who was killed by an
automobile while riding a horse along
the road. The horse also was injured
The commissioners favored the pro
posal and made preliminary arrange
ments for the improvement.
Plan Joint Action
In Civilian Defense
Front and High Sts. Phone 5000
SMOKED CALAS iTZlk
CHUCK ROAST .. 18k
SIRLOIN STEAK 21c
Middletown, Ohio. Combining ac
tivities of the Middletown Defense
Council with that of the Office of Ci
vilian Defense will be considered at a
council meeting in the next few days,
committeemen who conferred with Co
lumbus officials said this week after
their return from the capital city.
R. Z. Moore, chairman of the Defense
Council Don Brown, vice-commander
of the American Legion post, and H.
H. Waller, managing director of the
Civic Association, said they discussed
the proposal with Colonel Robert
Harsh, Ohio director of the Civilian
Defense group, and other officials.
ALWAYS CARRY THE LABEL
108 South Second St.
UNION-LABELED NECKWEAR, TOO
Approval of aid to Russia was con
tained in a report of the resolutions
committee, which asked "full and com
plete" aid to Great Britain and her
allies. It directed attention to the
"heroic part" being played by British
labor in defense of its country and
commended support being given the
American Labor Committee to Aid
British Labor, headed by Matthew
Reds Still Opposed
The report emphasized that aid to
Russia must not be interpreted as any
change in attitude toward the. methods
applied by Communists "internally and
"It is the opinion of your commit
tee," the report further said, "that a
victory by Stalin over other countries
in Europe would be as disastrous to
free institutions as a victory by Hitler.
"It is the sincere hope of your com
mittee, now that Great Britain and
her allies are actively assisting that
country and the United States is sup
plying all material and assistance pos
sible, that this will lead the govern
ment of Russia to refrain, when war
is over, from continuing the propa
ganda, and the efforts of Communists
to break down the American concep
tion of free institutions and govern
ment under law.
"Wage Freezing" Denounced
"Your committee further hopes that
the present assistance being given by
our nation to Russia will result in a
more thorough understanding and
practice of self-government of the
people of Russia, administered by the
people's chosen representatives."
The convention called upon all A. F.
of L. unions to "do their utmost within
their jurisdiction to further the de
fense program" and it assailed pro
posals for "wage freezing." Wage
policies, the convention declared,
should not be "confused with any pro
posal for price control or price freez
THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS.
VOL. XLI. No. 31. HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1941. ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR
Seattle, Wash. (ILNS).—Supplying
of all material assistance possible to
Russia in its fight against Hitler was
urged by the American Federation
of Labor's fifty-first annual conven
tion as it ended its sessions here.
Coupled with the recommendation
was caustic criticism of Soviet Russia
and expression of the hope that Rus
sia's rulers will cease their propa
ganda for Communism in the United
Other convention action on the clos
ing day included a blast at the raiding
tactics of the CIO and suspension of
the Brewery Workers' Union in a ju
risdictional dispute with the Interna
tional Brotherhood of Teamsters.
AFL Approves Full Aid (or Russia
Convention Criticises Soviet Russia in Hope That Rulers
Will Cease Propaganda in United States—Brewery
Workers' Union Suspended on Tobin's Motion.
Halt of Opposition to Red Doctrine
The resolution on the CIO charged
that the rival organization had "given
promises and pledges to be broken
when it seems advantageous." It ac
cused the CIO of raiding the member
ship of existing A. F. of L. unions and
urged affiliated organizations to make
a concerted drive to resist CIO efforts.
Brewery Workers Suspended
Suspension of the Brewery Workers'
Union charter was ordered by a vote
of 30,203 to 1,765, action being taken
because of the refusal of the organ
ization to follow the mandates of two
previous conventions to yield jurisdic
tion over beer truck drivers to the
Brotherhood of Teamsters. The order
could not be carried out because of a
federal court injunction obtained by
the brewery workers. Ending of liti
gation made convention action pos
President Daniel J. Tobin of the
Teamsters' Union moved the suspen
sion, pointing out that the Teamsters
had won in the Circuit Court of Ap
peals and the Supreme Court had re
fused a writ of certiorari in the case
on October 13. Delegates of the Brew
ery Workers denounced Tobin's motion
and hinted at affiliation with the CIO
if the organization was thrown out of
the A. F. of L.
Fish Hearing Date Set
For Tues., December 9
Columbus, Ohio.—The annual public
hearing, preparatory to the establish
ing of fishing regulations for the com
ing year by the Ohio Conservation
Commission, has been set by George
M. Trautman, chairman of the com
mission, for Tuesday, December 9.
County conservation committees will
hold 88 meetings, or smaller "hear
ings," in each county of the state
prior to the public hearing in Co
Austin Tester, Over peck, soft drinks.
William Persell, '2404 Benninghofen
Avenue, hats, etc.
Charles Bowman, 920 East Avenue,
Mabel M. Beiser, Collinsville, gen
Mrs. Joe Gilmore, 1025 Campbell
Avenue, household and paper products.
J. Knight Goodman, Elmwood and
Plymouth Avenues, service station.
Layten R. Kirby, 918 Catalpa Drive,
Julia Holt, beauty shop, 905 Lincoln
H. C. Wheeler, 1208 Reynolds Ave
Egbert Reid, R. R. 1, restaurant.
WITH ONE OF THESE NEW
CITIZENS HOME RULE
ON AMENDMENT PLAN
A sharp curtailment in general city
activities or a tax increase amounting
to $2.23 are alternatives facing the
city council in attempting to provide
a balanced 1942 budget, the Citizens
Home Rule Committee reported Wed
The committee, headed by Allan
Hyer, chairman of the Hamilton Rec
reation Commission, released a report
on the committee's study of the Home
Rule amendment to the city charter,
before the voters on November 4.
The proposed budget for 1942,
drawn along the same lines of those
of previous years, is $137,000 short
of balance with anticipated income,
the study showed.
Retrenchment to make up this defi
cit, the committee said, "would neces
sitate a 20 per cent reduction in sal
aries of city employes, a reduction of
police and fire department personnel
by at least six men each, elimination
of free collection of garbage and
refuse, and sharp curtailment of med
ical and other Welfare activities."
"The question faced by the council,"
Hyer said in commenting upon the
report, "is whether the city govern
ment should continue to operate at its
present level of efficiency, or whether
economies that threaten to react un
favorably to the city's economic and
social welfare should be instituted."
"This problem has been passed on
to the voters in the charter amend
ment proposal," he added. "A vote
'Yes' will authorize the council to in
crease the tax levy sufficient to meet
bond requirements and pay operating
expenses without further curtailment
of city services, while an unfavorable
vote will force drastic economies."
"V" stands for victory which can
not be won without "U." "U" stands
for unity which can not be obtained
without unions. Unions will not exist
unless you buy union label goods.
Finished in beautiful, all- porcelain- enamel.
Heavy cast construction adds greater efficiency,
provides more abundant circulating warm air.
Hurry! Before cold weather comes.
Prices may climb. There's a size for every
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