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Tr"-* -t CdLr J? THE PRESS OFFICIAL ORGAN OP ORGANIZED LABOK •*^1^ THE NONPAREIL PRINTING CO. PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS Subscription Price $1.00 per Tear Payable in Advance We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed in the artlcl ST communications of correspondents. Communications solicited from secretaries •f all societies and organizations, and should V addressed to The Butler County Press, 326 llarket Street, Hamilton, Ohio. The publishers reserve the right to reject *iy advertisements at any time. Advertising rates made known on application. Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the Writer, not necessarily for publication, but aa guarantee of good faith. Subscribers changing their address will •lease notify this office, giving old and new address to insure regular delivery of paper. Entered at the Postoffice at Hamilton, Ohio, as Second-Class Mail Matter. lamed Weekly at lit Market 8treet Telephone lill Hamilton, Okie Endorsed by the Trades and Labor Council of Hamilton, Ohio Endorsed by the Middletown Trades and Labor Council of Middletown, O. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 21,1941. BOOST FOR VACATIONS Vacations with pay, now a provision in many union contracts, are con vincingly championed by the presiden tial emergency board set up in the railroad wage dispute. The board strongly supports organized labor's case for paid vacations, declaring they have "become an important element in our American standard of living." The board's report, approving a week's vacation with pay for members of the 14 unions of non-operating rail road workers, finds that such vaca tions "are necessary to the main tenance of physical and mental well being of workers." The report further finds that paid vacations improve workers' efficiency and morale. These are precisely the contentions of or ganized labor. Last summer, the Office of Produc tion Management sought to discour age vacations in defense industry on the ground that they hampered pro duction. While not mentioning the OPM action, the emergency board takes issue with this view, saying that railroad employes should not be denied a week's vacation "on the ground that this is not the appropri ate time for them to enjoy a period of relaxation." The board's finding, it says, is "based on the accepted premise that vacation periods are socially desirable." Labor believes that the finding is sound and the nation will be the gainer for uni versal acceptance of vacations with pay. o THEY DON'T LIKE DIRT New York's able Mayor La Guardia has no patience with the assertion that people of low incomes enjoy dirt and bad housing. Paying his respects to this old chestnut, he says: "People are not dirty and unkempt because they want to be. People do not crowd into a small apartment be cause they like it. "Have you ever been in one of these tenement houses with its dark rooms Add Indigestion, Gas on Stom Mch, Heartburn, are usually caus ed by injudicious eating or drink ing. Try Alka-Seltzer for relief. Alka-Seltzer also relieves the distress of Headache, Colds, Neu ralgia, and Muscular Aches and Painx, because it contains an an algesic, (sodium acetyl salicylate). Yoar druggist sells Alka-Seltzer In Bendy packages and by the glass at •Is soda fountain. Try It. AlkarSeltzer Edgar K. Wagner FUNERAL DIRECTOR Despite a threatened shortage in personnel, the nursing profession is far better prepared for the present emergency than it was at the time of the first World War, it is made clear in a pamphlet, "Better Nursing for America," written by Beulah Amidon and just published by the Public Af fairs Committee. This pamphlet was prepared in co-operation with the American Nurses Association, the Na tional League of Nursing Education, and the National Organization for Public Health Nursing. "Twenty-five years ago," Miss Am idon points out, "nursing as a career was little sought after. The hospital schools did not have enough well qualified applicants. Some 60 per cent of the schools required only one full year, or even less, of high school, and there was little pretense that nursing schools existed primarily for educa tional purposes. Many hospitals had schools simply to obtain cheap nursing service." Today nursing schools have rigid entrance requirements and provide a thorough education. Vast new fields of specialization have been opened up, and standards within the profession have been materially raised. Nefr responsibilities have been placed on the profession by the na tional defense program. Each month hundreds of well-qualified nurses are being drawn into the Army and Navy. The mushroom growth of communi ties in which defense industries and cantonments are located has been ac companied by serious problems of san itation and health. To meet these needs and the prob lems of the post-defense period, a —without a window in the middle room—the cooking and the washing and the sitting room all in one—chil dren around, irritable, the mother frantic? Try to keep a house like that clean and cheerful. "We take the same family and move them into our new model low-cost houses. You see a complete change. The mother has on a clean, pretty dress it may be just an apron, but it is clean and pretty. Her hair is combed, now that she has some place to comb her hair. The children are clean when they sit at the table, be cause now they have a place to wash. They had no place in the old tenement houses the only sink was all occupied with preparing the meal. Now there is also a separate place to wash clothes, downstairs in the laundry." Mayor La Guardia has been fighting for decent housing all his life. He knows his subject and his statement should effectually dispose of the idea that dirt is to the liking of the poor. But erroneous ideas are tough and long-lived and this particular one will probably survive for many years. o WHAT NEXT? The Chicago Bridge and Iron Com pany, makers of tanks for storing oil and water, has applied its own tech nique to one of its own buildings, a lunch-room for employes, says Busi ness Week. The building is made of dished" plates, only three-sixteenths of an inch thick, welded on the job. Hailed as the first steel building with out beams or supports, it is 108 feet in diameter, 28 feet high and is fire, sound, and heat-proof. o WISDOM Enlighten the people generally and tyranny and oppression of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day.—Thomas Jefferson. WAREHOUSE WORKERS' PACT Seattle, Wash. (ILNS). Ware housemen's local No. 117, affiliated with the Seattle Joint Council of Teamsters, A. F. of L., has signed an agreement with all wholesale hard ware companies in Seattle and sur rounding area calling for a minimum wage of 75 cents an hour, or $130 per month. JOE HOLSTEIN LIBERTY HOME 8eventh and Walnut Sts. COMMENT ON WORLD EVENTS THE BUTLEH COUNTY PRESS Nursing Council on National Defense has been set up composed of repre sentatives of the national nursing or ganizations with ex-officio represen tation from the federal government nursing services. As its first step, this council recommended a nation wide survey of registered nurses to determine where our nurses may be found and what services they are equipped to render immediately in the event of an acute national emergency. As a second step, the council is staging a drive for recruiting nurses along four major fronts: (1) an in crease in enrollment of qualified reg istered nurses in the Red Cross Nurs ing Service which, in addition to pro viding service in time of disaster, serves as the First Reserve of the Army and Navy Nurse Corps (2) an increase in enrollment of qualified stu dents in sound schools of nursing (3) development of refresher courses for graduate nurses who have not been active recently and (4) encourage ment of qualified nurses to enter the specialized fields of nursing. It is estimated that at least 27,000 nurses will be required for govern ment service during the coming year, and that an additional 10,000 are needed for staff positions in hospitals and other civilian institutions. A drive is also under way to enroll at least 50,000 student nurses. Given this needed personnel, the profession ap pears to be ready for whatever de mands may lie ahead. "Better Nursing for America" is the sixtieth of a series of popular, factual, 10-cent pamphlets published by the Public Affairs Committee, 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City. THE CHERRY TREE Where with ear Little Hatchet we tell ths truth abent atir thlags, seMetiasee prefenndlr, sesa«tia»s fllppaatly. some times recklessly. As these lines are written, John L. Lewis has not written the final chapter in the captive mine dispute. The me diators, or arbitrators, have rendered their findings and it is up to John. In the award Lewis was given all he wanted, except the closed shop, which to him means the check-off. He could have had all that before. His last word on the matter won't mean much, because there's a person called Uncle Sam who is going to see that the mines keep running. Wisdom would be in acceptance of the award—and yet acceptance has great risks for Lewis, because lack of the check-off may kick back into the free mines. But whatever happens, isn't the course run by Lewis in the last quar ter of a century an odd one? Some will remember back to when he succeeded Frank J. Hayes as presi dent of U. M. W. A. Hayes, the mine leader who looked like a college man just out. And some will remember when Lewis was in another jam, faced with an injunction, the entire A. F. of L. ex ecutive council ready to back him— waiting through day and night for the word. The word came. Lewis said, in ef fect, "I cannot oppose my govern ment." It saved the judge a lot of bother, but it left the executive coun cil flat. History is interesting. A great many public figures bank on the fact that their followers—and others—will not look back to other days. Mostly they don't. Who remembers the presidential campaign in which Labor's Non-Par tisan League blossomed forth—and was a power. George L. Berry was the president. He voiced it as the purpose of the league to help elect the President and then "to walk with him" through his elected years. John L. Lewis kicked a half million dollars into the league—and right after elec tion George Berry departed from its precincts. Most other A. F. of L. men went out also. Leaving Lewis, party liners and some others. John L. Lewis became, to all intents and purposes, Labor's Non-Partisan League. It would hardly be right to say that he and his league "walked with the president." They walked until they got around behind him and there they seem to have stayed, within kicking range. And once Lewis let go with a wise crack—that one about "he supped at Labor's table"—and then served the nation instead of John L. Lewis. Probably Lewis has many times wished he had put that wise crack on ice. Well, it's a long road since the battles of West Virginia and Mother Jones. •g-rgprau When Roosevelt was elected the first time John L. Lewis was just about hanging on the ropes. Came NRA and John L. Lewis saw the band wagon coming down the road. He jumped on, played his cards with wizardry and leaped to top position of power. It was a great performance. Gen. Hugh Johnson was in his corner all the way. They ought to still have a lot in common. Well, the war came. The situation today is NRA turned around. Now the nation is supreme. Its needs come first. John L. Lewis is learning the lesson hard. So are a great many others But Lewis manages to dramatize his battles where others don't. Whatever hampers the making of war materials today has to get out of the way. Some labor leaders may think they are being shoved around. Lewis per haps more than any other. If they were wise they wouldn't have to be shoved around. They would get in there and help the nation. Labor has all the guarantees it can ask. But it can't abuse them and it can't put them ahead of national safety. It can let the reds push IT around, which is what is happening in plenty of places. Labor—starting with John L. Lewis had better learn to use the machin ery created for the purpose to get its grievances righted. Its other griev ances it had better forget, before something very forceful happens. Nations at war don't stand for much internal monkey business.—C. M. W. STRONG ACTION IS NEEDED TO DEFEAT S1NARCH1ST ORDER By CHESTER M. WRIGHT Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—At the risk of being accused of shooting twice at the same bird, I want to come back this once more on the subject of the Sinarchist movement in Mexico. While the United States plays around in Mexico pretty much on a tea table basis, this foe of democracy goes hell-raising around the place, creating a shooting army that hates democracy and that is all tangled up in a web of belief deriving from Fa langist, fascist and nazi notions. The leader, a young firebrand and self-anointed fuehrer named Salvador Abascal, makes a play upon his first name to imply that he is the saviour of Mexico. Abascal Union-Hater Abascal hates unions, he hates farm ers' organizations, he hates the pro democratic government of Mexico. And he struts around in the trappings and with the mouthings of a first-rate imitation of Hitler. How much power does he have? You can get good estimates that run from 100,000 to a half million. Perhaps 100,000 is more likely to be fairly accurate. In Mexico City I heard a lot about the Sinarchist movement Sinar quismo, as it is called there. The cardi nal principle is that there must be "a supreme power charged with ordering and regulating in the interest of the common welfare." That's a quote, ob serve. May Revive Church Dispute One of the worst things, at the mo ment, about Sinarquismo, is the chance that it may revive the church dispute, since one group of churchmen evi -f THE MARCH OF LABOR '/HIH A 6RtAT LAKES STEAMER THAI Wki BEING PICKETED AT 8UfFAtO,N* MO«D TO THE OUTER HAR.ROR IT WAS FOLLOWED 8Y THE STRIKING SEAMEM WHO COWTW/WD TO riCK.ET IT MOM KOW&OAT3. mtupwrn W/tKi HOST: UR6INT FAMILY HEED SOME' TO RAISE FAMILY STANDARD or LIVING. f£W FOR A CAREER. MXhi GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATIO* TWO ITS DIVISIONS jM/.cfS5W FOP. DntCTlVt AGENCY SERVICES PROM JAN0ARY.l9S4-1OJUty.l9M. Statu* As lATt A3 1831 luffle. *ENLIGHTENED*NEW ENGLAND STATfS, 7% Of THE 1&RJ2RS WERE CHILDREN UNDEfi A2 YLARS OF A6t. FTCAUSE WOMEN OFTEN FIKD THEIR HUSBAND 3' WAGES INADEQUATE FOR MAINTENANCE OF DECENT STANDARD OF LIVING,THEY SEEK. JO&S. EVERY TIME YOU IN SIST ON THE UMLOM LABEL YOU STRIKE A BLOW FOR FAIR WA6ES AND DECENT STANDARD OF LIVING. THIS IS HAT (/MOtf IA3U. IOOK fOA JT/ dently have become allied with Abas cal's outfit, while the larger group shuns him like poison. All of the Jew haters in Mexico are lined up in sym pathy with Abascal. Abascal has taken part in several mob violence actions. In one, thirteen workers were killed. Here is fire that needs to be met with something more than party etiquette. The shock troops of nazi-ism are not only mo bilizing, they are mobilized. The trouble north of the Rio Grande seems to be that a lot of people haven't yet got the idea that a war is on and that we have a war to win. So they just look pleasant, talk in generalities and tell themselves that tomorrow is an other day. WHY THE WEEK'S DELAY? (From the Editor and Publisher) We're looking for information. Why, we ask, was there a lag of more than a week between the first announcement of the torpedoing of the U. S. S. Kearny and the disclosure that the ship had been struck in what amounted to formal combat with a submarine? Why was the information fed to the public piecemeal—first the announce ment of the attack, with no casualties indicated then the report of the cas ualties, with uncertainty surrounding the fate of the "missing" men finally the detailed report of Secretary Knox, with the news that the Kearny had answered a call for help from another convoy and was actually bombing a submarine when the torpedo hit. Conceding the necessity of caution in releasing naval news, we can't see that any good purpose was served by the procedure in this instance. HE WAS "KING FOR A DAY' New York City (ILNS).—Carl Mar tin, Brooklyn iron worker, is not al lowed to smoke at work, his wife op poses his smoking at home and, so he told the judge, that was, why he lighted a cigar while waiting to vote. A policeman told him it was against the law, an argument followed and he was arrested. "Well," ruled Magistrate Lehrich, "you're a voter and king for the day. Sentence suspended." Thm Standard Oil -f^r f* y JA, MEANY DISAGREES IN CAPTIVE MINES CASE Washington, D. C. (ILNS).-—JGeorge Meany, secretary-treasurer of the American Federation of Labor, has issued the following statement: "At the time the case of the United Mine Workers of America came be fore the full National Defense Medi ation Board, I made a motion that the board's decision in the case should be as follows—that the owners of the captive mines be requested to sign the Appalachian Agreement without any reservation or qualification whatso ever. "I made this motion because I was firmly convinced—and I am still firmly convinced—that, this decision was the only proper one that could be arrived at on the merits of the case itself and wholly apart from any extraneous issue. If I had been in Washington at the time the vote of the board was taken I would have voted for the motion. "I am therefore in absolute dis agreement with the decision of the board. However, the majority has spoken, and in the interests of na tional defense I believe that the par ties to this controversy should abide by the decision of the majority." BIG GRADE CROSSING TOLL Washington, D. C. More than 16,000 persons have lost their lives in accidents at highway-railroad grade crossings in the last 10 years, says the Association of American Railroads. SPECIAL EVERY DAY BARBECUED RIBS Fried Chicken Plate Lunch 6% Hudepohl and Burger Beer on Tap Whiskey Wine and Mixed Drinks Phone 3184 for Your Reservations THE OASIS 514 High Street ROY SMITH'S CAFE 817 Maple Avenue Open Until 2:30 —Tis 'The Banner of the Free"—Now is the time to show the world which Flag you stand for. Display a Flag in your home, office and store, every day. We Have A Large Stock MADE IN AMERICA Silk, Wool, Cotton and Paper WITTMAN 341 S. Second St. Hamilton. SEE US IF YOU NEED A LOAN To. Build—Improve—Buy Your Home 2 NULTON PARRISH, Secy. WHY NOT? There just isn't any reason why you too shouldn't be protected with Standard Oil's written guaran tee that "you start or we pay!" It's absolutely when you use SOHIO's fast-starting gasoline and lubricants and your normal winter-strength bat tery. Then, if you should ever have starting trouble, SOHIO pays the cost of having a garage start it for you. Pretty swell to have, isn't it? Then get it, today! (SOHIO) Third and Court Sts. free Company (Ohio) ITS FREE.'