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if?r k't- i V k fc ^v*.•.»-.*t i?.V Sk3?i\ sk k v THE PRESS OFFICIAL ORGAN OF ORGANIZED LABOR THE NONPAREIL PRINTING CO PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS Subscription Price $1.00 per Year Payable in Advance We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed in the articles or communications of correspondents. Communications solicited from secretaries of nil societies and organizations, and should be addressed to The Butler County Press, 826 Market Street, Hamilton, Ohio. The publishers reserve the right to reject any advertisements at any time. Advertising rates made known on application. Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Subscribers changing their address will please notify this office, giving old and new address to insure regular delivery of paper. Entered at the Postoffice at Hamilton, Ohio, as Second-Class Mail Matter. Issued Weekly at 326 Market Street Telephone 1296 Hamilton, Ohio Endorsed by the Trades and Labor Council of Hamilton, Ohio Endorsed by the Middletown Trades and Labor Council of Middletown, O. FRIDAY, MARCH 2,1945 ACCIDENTS ARE PREVENTABLE About 2% million persons were dis abled in 1944 because of industrial injuries, Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins reported in summarizing pre liminary estimates made by the Bu reau of Labor Statistics. "This exper ience marks the end of a continuous upward trend in work injuries which began in 1938, and represents a sub stantial decrease from 1943," she said. "Injuries in 1944 were nearly 8 per cent lower than in 1943 and the actual loss in working time was a least 10 million days less. This is equivalent to full annual employment for 33,000 workers. "Here is additional proof that at tention to unsafe working conditions and the elimination of unsafe work practices through adequate instruc tion and supervision of workers can bring about marked decreases in work injuries. During the 4-year period end ing June 30, 1944, the field safety ex perts of the U. S. Department of La bor brought a working knowledge of industrial safety technique to nearly 30,000 plants engaged in the produc tion of war materials. "During 1945 the Department of Labor will continue to render every possible assistance to management, labor and organized safety groups. Through the consulting service of its volunteer and full-time field safety force, through its safety drives for special industry groups, through its safety training program, the depart ment hopes to enable industry to make the 1945 record another witness to the fact that accidents can be prevented. NO HELP TO LABOR DRAFT Henry L. Stimson has done an ex cellent job as Secretary of War but that doesn't necessarily make him an expert on industrial production and labor relations. In fact, Secretary Stimson showed that he was far from being such an expert when he urged adoption of national labor service leg islation, specifically the May-Bailey bill, in his recent radio address. Instead of helping the cause for which he pleaded, he did exactly the opposite, judging from reactions in HANDY LOANS Offices In aciaoietown Cincinnati niBOHAL LOAII 910 TO 91,000 -^j ^"r-f-f, --y«*.r ^/,5^\V*^ V^'*:'^J 7"*^^' As nearly a dozen small Dutch vil lages in the southern part of Limburg province were recently added to Hol land's liberated area, each place re vealed identical examples of terror and executions carried out by the Germans during the days of battle. The story of what went on in the village of Susteren before its capture by the allies was told by 3 miners from near-by Roermond who had been brought to the town by the enemy to do forced labor on defense work. When the Germans were driven from the villages, these men hid and saved themselves from the fate that befell the other inhabitants. Along with the civilians, the Germans had also ship ped off to Germany all the horses and cattle they could lay their hands on in these villages. The miners reported that 10 in habitants of Susteren had been exe cuted for refusing to work on the de fense projects, while every made be tween the ages of 17 and 53 whom the Nazis could not use for forced labor in Holland was shipped off to Ger many. The enemy also carried off all unmarried women and girls, not only in Susteren but also in other near-by communities. The remaining population was evac uated to Posterholt, a border town 6 miles from Roermond, where they were forced to live 4 and 5 families to a house and on extremely short ra tions. The 3 miners themselves were in starving condition when the allied troops found them. They were almost the only civilians. Similar conditions were found in Echt, where deportations were begun by the Germans Nov 7, but—unlike Susteren and Schilberg which are now little more than collections of rubble —the pleasant little red brick houses of Echt are comparatively little dam- Congress to his plea. Senators and Representatives declared that he had failed to give proper credit to the record-breaking achievement of labor and management in war production and intimated thai his talk had strengthened instead of weakened their opposition to a labor draft. Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney of Wyoming summed up what seemed to be the genex-al feeling. by asserting that the Stimson speech gave "an ut terly unbalanced impression" of the war production picture to the soldiers and their families. Secretary Stimson urged that un necessary absenteeism, and labor turn over could be prevented by service legislation. If there were sufficiently heavy penalties for violation, it is probably true that absences from the job and quitting would be largely pre vented. But what of the effect on the workers' state of mind? If they were sullen and resently over being held in virtual labor slavery, would not effic iency and consequently, production, suffer severely? There is only one answer to that question. This is a mat ter that Mr. Stimson did not touch on at all, though anyone with the slight est knowledge of human nature knows that it is of vital importance. WHAT NEXT? To meet adverse weather and trans portation conditions overseas, machine gun cartridges now are being "can ned" in hermetically sealed metal con tainers, it was announced at the Pi catinny Arsenal, Dover, N. J. The "canned bullets," developed by the Army's Ordnance Department, are Fmr Personal C/se Farm folks and town folks all can use our handy money service to advantage right now. It's time to pay taxes, old bills and make your spring plans. You can arrange a cash loan at once of $500 or $800, for example. You can then repay in convenient payments as your income permits. Loans to farmers are gladly carried until after harvest or longer or may be repaid a little at a time out of milk checks or other regular income. These special straight-term loans to farmers are low in cost, earning a 25% cost discount. Just ordinary personal secur ity, the kind 'most everyone has, is all that's required to get ample cash for your needs. Simply phone, write or stop in our office. Find out without a bit of obli gation how quick and helpful City Loan service can be. Carl Sanor, Mgr. THE CITY LOAN ma Guaranty ComqMmy 118 High St. Phone 3663 Hamilton puvcKAss raruront •10 TO 910,000 vs COMMENT ON WORLD EVENTS 4 4 THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS aged, and it was learned that 3 em ergency hospitals full of old people had remained there until quite re cently when they were removed to Vlodrop on the German frontier. Al though the Germans attempted to carry off inhabitants of the town, 30 families managed to escape deporta tion by hiding in cellars and they came out to greet the allied troops when Echt was liberated. Almost a year ago, on Jan. 25, 1944 the Nazis shot 5 of Echt's citizens for refusing to work on German pro jects. Twenty more were carried off to the notorious concentration camp at Vught in which at the present time Germans and Dutch Nazis are impris oned. Russia will produce still more of her own vitally needed food this year due to 20,000 tons of seeds that have been furnished by the U. S. for Soviet spring planting. The 20,000 tons of seeds, largely for vegetable and field crops, comprise the first half of the agreed-upon yearly delivery to Rus sia. The seeds will be used on vast areas of the recaptured Ukraine reg ion—hichest Soviet agricultural dis trict. Very hardy, early maturing vege table seed has been especially develop ed to suit stern Ukraine climatic con ditions. While large collective farms will use the bulk of the U. S. seed sent to Russia, home "Victory Gardens" will also be grown. In terms of vital shipping space the saving is enor mous when seeds cai. be shipped and grown locally instead of shipping the foods that the seeds will produce. The 20,000 tons of seeds for Russia will require the full space of about 2 car go ships for one trip. Many thousands of vessels would be required to trans port the foods that can be produced from 20,000 tons of seeds. opened with a key similar to that used on coffee or sardine cans. WISDOM Tolerance is the only real test of civilization.—Arthur Helps. McFarland Now Maintenance Officer West Palm Beach, Fla., Feb. 28. Assignment of Lieutenant Colonel Jefferson D. McFarland, former own er-manager of the McFarland Motors, Inc., as Division Operations Mainten ance Officer, Headquarters, Caribbean Division, Air Transport Command, USAAF, has been announced here by Colonel Cortlandt S. Johnson, Division Commander. Colonel McFarland, who had follow ed aviation both professionally and as a hobby some years before the war, was commissioned a captain in the Air Corps on April 12, 1942, and was assigned to the San Bernardino, Cali fornia Air Depot. In September of that year he was ordered to Alaska for service in the Alaska Wing, Air Transport Command. The following year he became assistant aircraft maintenance officer for the Wing at its headquarters at Edmonton, Al berta, remaining in this capacity un til September 1944. From October 27, 1944 to January 15,1945 Colonel McFarland served in India with the India-China Division, Air Transport Command, as an air craft maintenance officer. His wife, Mrs. Ethel McFarland, and their two children reside at 723 Milliken St., Hamilton, Ohio. The Caribbean Division to which Colonel McFarland now is assigned is the organization which processed more than 9,000 tactical airplanes, destined to the China-Burma-India, Mediter ranean and European Theatres of Op eration, during 1944. In addition, more than ten million pounds of supplies consigned to the CBI Operations were dispatched by Continental Bases of the Division. Women Strike At Champion Approximately 175 women em ployees of the Champion Paper & Fiber Co. went on strike Tuesday morning when they learned that the War Labor Board had refused their request for a 12-cent-an-hour increase in pay. The walkout is the result of simi lar action last Friday when 450 left their jobs for a short time over the wage dispute. After conferences Fri day night, a delegation was sent to Cleveland to confer with the WLB in an effort to settle the controversy. Labor Aid For Red Cross Los Angeles (ILNS).—AFL mem bers in the Los Angeles area will con duct a solicitation of funds for the Red Cross from Feb. 26 to Apr. 1. The standard of giving will be 6 hours pay per member which should meet, the labor goal of $777,600. POLL TAX GOING The Georgia state senate has pass ed a bill to repeal the state poll tax, recommended by Gov. Arnall. Rationing At A Glance Meats, Cheese, Batter, Fats, Canned Fish, Canned Milk Red stamps (Book 4) Q-5, R-5 and S-5 good through March 81 T-5, U-5, V-5, W-5, and X-5 good through April 28 Y-5, Z-5, A-2, B-2, C-2, and D-2 good through June 2. Processed Foods Blue stamps (Book 4) X-5, Y-5, Z-5» A-2, and B-2 good through March 31 C-2, D-2, E-2, F-2, and G-2 good through April 28 H-2, J-2, K-2, L-2, and M-2 good through June 2. Sugar Sugar stamp 34 good through Feb ruary 28 for five pounds stamp 35 good through June 2 for five pounds. Shoes Numbers 1,2 and 3 airplane stamps in Book 3 valid for 1 pair each until further notice, thirty days in ad vance. Merchants will positively not accept loose stamps. Gasoline Stamp A-14 valid for 4 gallons through March 21. B-5, B-6, C-5 and C-6 valid for 5 gallons until further notice. Write state and license num ber on each coupon IMMEDIATELY upon receipt of book. Mileage ration ing records must be submitted with supplemental gasoline applications to the board. Tires Commercial vehicle tires must be inspected every 6 months or every 5, 000 miles whichever is first. Passen ger tire inspections are required only when applying for tire replacements. Fuel OH Last season Period 4 and 5 and new season Period 1, 2 and 3 coupons now good. Unit value 10 gallons. All changemaking and reserve coupons good throughout heating year. Con sumption in Cincinnati area as of Feb ruary 1 should not have exceeded 61 per cent of season's ration. Period 4 and 5 valid February 5. Stoves Certificates to purchase most heat ing and cooking stoves that burn oil or gas must be obtained from local boards. Price Information Obtain price information from the Price Clerk of your local War Price and Rationing Board. Report any overcharges. WDL Replies to Mrs. F. D. R. On Compulsory Service Bill New York City ,ILNS).—Replying to a statement made by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt at her news conference that she would like to see a labor draft bill passed now "only because it would help us to see what war is like in the rest of the world," the National Ac tion Committee of the Workers De fense League charged Mrs. Roosevelt with "muddled thinking." "Using such muddled thinking, we should have the Army drop some bombs on our homes as well as on our democratic liberties in order to find out what war is really like. Mrs. Roosevelt is a great American, but we think she does a disservice to de mocracy by urging a slave labor bill." Los Angeles Labor Assails Peacetime Military Draft Los Angeles (ILNS). Because peacetime military conscription "has been used repeatedly in Europe as a weapon against labor," the Los An geles Central Labor Council has of ficially denounced the proposal that peacetime conscription be continued after the war. The resolution says that the conscription criticism is bas ed on the idea that the individual cit izen is merely a "pawn" in the hands of unlimited state power. Bonds Over America DEVIL'S TOWER The first national monument, Dev il'i Tower in Wyoming, stands as sturdy emblem to this nation's pole icy of creating parks for the free enjoyment of citizens. The purchase of war Bonds keeps supplied the fighting forces engaged in protecting this land of ours and its glories. More than 20 million years old. the "lava blister" rises W5 feet above surrounding terrain. Its diameter at the base is about 1,000 feet. Sage brush, ferns and grass flourish on the summit. Will Rogers and his wife, natives of the vicinity, climbed it J& lMt, U. M. fwnwy Dtfrmm* *w2*£f 't *T?y AABOR ... *MO~SlRiKE*fl€06e. V (ptacgjtr ce*a*i6ttt fbi vecl941 1749 THE FRANKLIN PRWITEfcS- WAS FORMED, 8RUCE, AS PRESIDENT/ ANO PROCEEDED MOM COMfitVL H*3E Graft in Many War Orders, Congressman Charges Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—Rep resentative Rich of Pennsljr/ania charged that "downright graft" exists in the handling of many war contracts, in testifying before the House Com mittee on Executive Expenditures. "This graft occurs in the form of kickbacks and gratuities paid by sub contracts in return for work," Rich said. The committee is considering a bill by Chairman Manasco to make such payments illegal and to provide for audit by the General Accounting Of fice of contractors' and subcontractors' books. Conscription Declared 'Breeder of Distrust* Pittsburgh, (ILNS).—The Pitts burgh Presbytery of the Presbyterian Church has condemned peacetime con scription as an "instrument of war" and breeder of distrust. "History demonstrates that peace time military conscription does not protect any country from unjust at- NOTICE! MARY'S PLACE 5th & Ludlow UNFAIR To Bartenders, Cooks and Waitresses Local 169 SEE US IF YOU NEED A LOAN •. Ta.. Build—Improve—Buy Your Home NULTON PARRISH, Secy. s^p)()\^tpf^ y~ •T/^H-'V^y THE MARCH OF LABOR AHOIHt TYPOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY OF JoUftHEYMb* WITH "THE FAMOUS TYP£FCMV/D£ft»,CWVlD TO IN THE PAST TWO YEARS MEMBERS OF IttVE OOMAflED OVER $10,000,000 yo COMMCMTY WAR CHESTS AMD ss FOR RELlEf1- VJOKX. AT HOME ENffcRCE THE IRST SCALE FOR PRINTERS Tb J*WS0«- Third and Coart Sts. VILLAGE GARDENS 100% Union House Central At South Avenne JOB TUTAS, Prop. Edgar K, Wagner FUNERAL DIRECTOR BIG SOCIAL EVERY FRIDAY AND SUNDAY COME AND SPEND AN ENJOYABLE EVENING PLENTY OF GAMES AND EXTRA FEATURES MOOSE HOME At 9-M P. M. BE 6t«E THE AHD ABROAD. LCOUAmaf- XOURON\OH~ Y'OUR- KAMItY- 1 c'srtwo tack," the Presbytery said. It further asserted: "Peacetime conscription would breed distrust among the nations and would start another vicious circle of com petitive armament. It would plunge our own nation into a course that could end in militarism which has plagued Europe. "Conscription is not an instrument of good-will but of war. We urge that every instrument of good-will be used in accordance with the spirit of the Prince of Peace, under whose guidance our nation has thus far been richly blessed." HOSPITAL CARS The Navy Dept. has ordered 50 hos pital cars from the American Car & Foundry Co., and the War Dept. has ordered 50 from the Pullman Co. Read The Press. "let Me Get You Some AMI Wcan ITH YOUR responsibilities, you afford to let a Head ache, Muscular Pains, Functional Monthly Pains or Simple Neural gia slow you down? Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills have been bring ing relief from these common dis comforts for nearly sixty years. Countless American housewives consider Anti-Pain Pills almost as much of a necessity in the medicine cabinet, as is flour in the kitchen cupboard. They have Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills in the house, many of them carry these little pain relievers in purse or hand bag. They are prepared for these minor aches and pains that some times occur in almost every family —ARE YOU* Dr. Miles Anti Pain Pills are pleasant to take and do not upset the stomach. Get Dr. Miles Anti-Pain Pills at your drug store. Regular package 25 tablets 25#, Economy package 125 tablets $1.00. Read directions and use only as direc ted. O E O S E I N at I E Y O E Seventh and Walnut Sts. k 1 1 HAT YOU BUY IS UNION MADE LOOK. FOR. THE A.F.*l. THE UMlOV LABEL UNDER THE SWEAT6AND. IT IS YOOR 3clDE 1b THE BEST Buys iM HATS PUIS HE R£J -THE KNOWLEDGE THAT DECEMT WORWNG COMOl-pCNS PREVAIL. /A. JbailtM, t&lo I^MI V aUt 4-1.