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The Butler County press. [volume] (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946, April 20, 1945, Image 3

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fn E Bonds Goal In 7th War
Henry Morgcnthau, Jr.
Washington, D. C., April 18.—"In
the .Seventh War Loan your govern
ment is asking for the largest sum
in investments by individuals in the
history of America. Of the $7,000,
000,000 individual gial, $4,000,000,000
is to be in E Bonds," Secretary of
the Treasury Henry Morgenthau "Jr.,
recently said in announcing the Ad
vance Payroll Savings drive. The
Secretary further stated:
"To meet this unprecedented but
vitally necessai-y E Bond quota, the
American worker, through the pay
roll savings plan, is being called upon
for increased allotments and extra
cash War Bond purchases to a great
er extent than in any previous drive.
"War is the grimmest and greatest
of human endurance tests. The side
that wins, in the final* analysis, is
the side that is in there working and
fighting at the end—the side with
the stamina and the spirit to endure
the long and terrible ordeal.
"The present war imposes its test
no less upon civilians than upon the
men in the armed sei'vices. Victory
goes inevitably to the side whose men
and women, in and out of uniform,
stick longest and most unwaveringly
to the performance of their jobs.
"There has been a fundamental
change in the nature of the war.
There is no limited "objective now.
The objective is total victory. The
nearer we drive toward the enemy's
heart, the costlier the war becomes.
As we begin to go all out against
the Japanese, so will our costs in
crease due to greater distances.
"I know that Americans need no
appeal to meet the demands of the
Seventh War Loan, The way for
each of us here at home to meet these
demands is through increasing War
Bond purchases, unceasing devotion
to his duty and his job and through a
vivid knowledge that to win we must
"Our response to the Seventh War
Loan will be the vindication to these
men of their faith in us."
'Eye Bank' Organized to Aid
Blind with Corneal Defects
New York City (ILNS).—The Eye
Bank for Sight Restoration, Inc.,
which will collect and preserve healthy
corneal tissue from human eyes for
transplanting to blind persons who
have lost their sight because of cor
neal defects, has been formed here.
The organization, national in scope is
incorporated under the laws of New
York State and 22 leading hospitals
in New York City are now affiliated
with is in addition, 20 outstanding
opthalmologists throughout the coun
try will serve in an advisory capacity.
Headquarters are at 210 East 64
Street, New York City.
Between 10,000 and 15,000 blind
persons with corneal defects, in the
United States, may have an opportun
ity to see again through the activities
of the Eye Bank. The operation sub
stituting a healthy cornea for a dam
aged one can restore sight in only one
type of blindness—that caused solely
by opacity of the cornea when the rest
opacity of the cornea when the rest
of the eye and optic nerve are nor
A HEARTY dinner or midnight
lunch, a little too much tmok
ing, perhaps a cocktail or two
great fun tonight: a miserable
Jpidown headachey feeling tomor
.•••tow morning.
AJka-Seltzer it one medicia*
1'j.eful in the relief of many mirtor
Ailments. Headache, Acid !ndlge$»
lion. Cold Symptoms, Muscular
a i u e N e u a i a u i u
Alka-Seltzer if non-laxative W
pleasant to take—try It
At all drug store* by the drink
..jmd by the package.
Ba ~WL4U -Try
Alka Seltzer
"The purpose of The Eye Bank,"
Mrs. Henry Breckinridge, executive
director, explained, "is to make avail
able a supply of fresh or preserved
corneal tissue wherever and whenever
needed by hospitals and surgeons who
are qualified to perform the corneal
graft operation. We also plan to ex
tend, through scholarships and fellow
ships, the knowledge and skill re
quired to perform this delicate opera
"One of our most important objec
tives will be to discover a method for
preservation of the corneal tissue over
a longer period of time than is now
possible. At the present time, the
corneal tissue taken from a living or
dead person may be stored for only 3
days before it is transplanted. Cor
neas obtained from a dead person must
be removed within a few hours after
The National'Society for the Pre
vention of Blindness and other public
health arid medical agencies are co
operating with the project. The New
York Chapter of the American Red
Cross, through its Motor Corps Divi
sion, has taken the responsibility for
transporting corneas between The Eye
Bank and its affiliated hospitals.
American Labor Editors
Write Forward to New MRA
Booklet, 'March Of An Idea*
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—"Mil
lions of men and women today are
anxiously looking for a world that
works after the war is won. This
time all we have fought for, worked
for and longed for must come true."
With these opening words in their
forward to The March of an Idea, the
colorful new pamphlet describing the
world-wide advance of Moral Re-Arm
ament, editors of American and Can
adian labor papers and international
union journals voice the feelings of
the great mass of American workers
about the postwar world.
Fred Hewitt, Machinists' Monthly
Journal, Washington, D. C. Thomas
R. Downie, Brotherhood of Mainten
ance of Way Employes Journal, De
troit Oliver E. Carruth, International
Labor News Service, Washington, D.
C. Lewis M. Herrmann, New Jersey
Labor Herald, N. J. George J. Sim
mons, Progressive Labor World, Phil
adelphia Harry F. Petty, Kentucky
Labor News, Louisville D. W. Harter,
United Labor News, Canton, Ohio
Freeman M. Saltus, Maine State La
bor News Norman S. Dowd, The Can
adian Unionist, Ottawa Paul M. Coss,
Los Angeles Citizen HaiTy L. Gill,
Potters' Herald, East Liverpool, Ohio,
are among the labor editors who in
troduce The March of an Idea to the
War Service of MRA
"To build that new world," they con
tinue, "will take the same faith, cour
age and sacrifice that we are fighting
with on the battle front and breaking
all records with on the production
"Leaders of American and world
labor ai-e fighting in this battle for
the moral re-armament of the na
tions. As editors of labor papers,
we are happy to introduce this timely
article reviewing the war service of
MRA and how it is contributing to the
kind of postwar world that every
worker wants to see,"
Between its attractive red, and
black covers, this handy pocket-size
booklet carries pictures, stories and
news from many countries of MRA's
work in strengthening the democra
cies and inspiring resistance in Nazi
occupied countries.
The March of an Idea shows world
labor unity being built on the sure
foundation of moral standards and
caring for one another, in place of
the false and shallow unity paraded
by forces who appear to fight for
the rights of workers but whose real
aim, the booklet declares, is to use
labor to get control for their own
Labor Leaders Pictured
Pictures of President William Green
and Philip Murray of the AFL and
CIO Walter Nash, now Finance Min
ister of New Zealand's labor govern
ment and chairman of the 1944 ILO
Conference and Lockheed stop ste
wards with a P-38 pilot, appear in the
pages of The March of an Idea. John
R. Steelmari's evaluation of MRA's
essential part in labor-management
teamwork is given in full,
President Carl J. Hambro of the
Norwegian Parliament is pictured with
Frank Buchman, founder of MRA
whose work, he says, "went beyond
any expectations." Hambro attrib
utes much of Norway's heroic and suc
cessful resistance to the unity brought
to his country by MRA. The back
cover of the booklet consists of a red
and black montage of official pro
grams of the conventions of the AFL,
Canadian Congress of Labor, United
Steel Workers of America, The Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada and
other unions and labor-management
committees that have presented the
MRA program to their officers and
thousands of union members and their
Subscribe f&r The Fifes*.
The township Bonaauiers of But
ler county assembled Monday night
in the Moose auditorium for a rous
ing rally in connection with the
Seventh War Loan drive. The meet
ing was opened at 8:30 o'clock, with
a program jammed with interesting
and entertaining features.
Harry Jeffrey, former congressman,
Dayton, spoke about some of his ex
periences and observations during a
tour of World War II battlefieldsr
Radio entertainers from Cincinnati ap
peared in specialties.
Lunch and refreshments were serv
ed at the close of the program dur
ing which order books and other sup
plies for the solicitation of potential
bond buyers were distributed. Select
ed movies, provided by government
agencies, were shown.
Earlier Start
The Seventh War Loan drive starts
formally May 14, but it was consid
ered feasible to get the rural can
vass started early—farmers face a
busy season and will, under this plan,
be able to choose the "spare hours,"
of any, to sign up neighbors on the
bond orders.
"This year there will be only two
War Loan drives, instead of the three
we had last year," Joseph H. Warn
doif, committee chairman, said. "That
means bigger extra bonds.
Senate to Start Hearings
On Prospects of Attaining
Jobs-For-AH In Postwar
Washington, D. C.—Public hearings
to develop all the facts bearing on full
employment after the war will be
opened by the Senate Banking and
Currency Committee soon Senator
Robert F. Wagner of New York, its
chairman, announced.
Before Senator Wagner's commit
tee, when the projected hearings be
gin, will be the full employment bill of
which he is one the sponsors, the
others being* Senator James E. Mur
ray of Montana, Senator Elbert
Thomas of Utah, Senator Joseph C.
O'Mahoney of Wyoming and Repre
sentative Wright Patman of Texas.
the sponsors would make state
ments at the opening of the hearings,
Senator Wagnor said.
In his statement Senator Wagner
described mass unemployment as the
"greatest threat" to the freedom of
the nation's economic and political in
stitutions and declared that it would
make it "impossible" for the United
States to exert its full influence to
ward a lasting peace.
The purpose of the hearings, he
stated, are two-fold: To develop "the
basic facts" about what full employ
ment and full production will mean
for the American people, and to ex
plore the most practical methods for
achieving "the best possible condi
tions" of employment and business ac
The committee, he added, would
seek to present a "concrete proposal"
that would represent a minimum of
disagreement about methods and a
maximum of agreement "based upon
knowing the facts and discussing the
facts calmly and democratically with
out bias or prejudice or emotion."
Witnesses from "all walks of life"
would be called, Senator Wagner said,
and testimony from war veterans
would be awaited most "anxiously."
In his statement he used the term
"full employment" throughout and did
not mention any specific goal, such as
the 60,000,000-job figure frequently
used by Administration spokesmen.
Workmen's Compensation
Board In New York Is
Headed By Woman
Albany, N. Y. (ILNS).—Miss Mary
H. Donlon of New York City has been
appointed chairman of the New York
State Workmen's Compensation Boax'd
by Gov. Dewey.
Miss Donlon was vice chairman of
the old State Industrial Board. In
her new post, she receives $10,000 a
year instead of $8,500. The new
board, with quasi-judicial powers, was
part of Gov. Dewey's program for in
tegration of full authority over com
pensation matters in such a board.
Miss Donlon has long been active in
Republican politics. She is a native of
Utica and a graduate and trustee of
Cornell University. Her new appoint
ment makes her the highest paid
woman member of Gov. Dewey's offi
cial family. It also elevates her to the
highest office dealing with labor that
any member of her sex has occupied
under the present administration.
Under former Gov. Herbert H. Leh
man there were 2 women cabinet
members, Frieda Miller, Industrial
Commissioner, and the Civil Commis
sioner, Grace A. Ready.
Valiant AFL Seamen
Get Medals For Deeds
In Merchant Marine
New York City.—One Merchant
Marine Distinguished Service Meral,
45 Mariner's Medals awarded post
humously, and 7 Mariner's Medals
awarded for wounds and suffering as
the result of enemy action, were pre
sented to members of the Seafarers
International Union in the official
award lists released this month by
the War Shipping Administration.
Not only did SIU men receive a
great percentage of the awards made,
but the highest award available to
seamen, the Merchant Marine Dis
tinguished Service Medal, was pre
sented to SIU Ordinary Seaman Mike
Kuzma was aboard the tanker Vir
ginia when she was struck by 2 ene
my torpedoes. She exploded and the
surrounding water became an inferno
of burning gasoline. Only 14 men
survived the death trap. Kuzma was
severely burned in the blast, but
swam through the flame-swept water
to assist another badly burned seaman
who had become exhausted in his at
tempt to rescue a third shipmate. In
spite of his own injuries, Kuzma suc
ceeded in towing both men out of the
flaming area and in supporting them
until they were picked up by rescue
craft. For this deed, "exemplifying
the creed of the merchant seamen,"
he was presented the Distinguished
Service Medal.
Texas House Votes
Closed Shop Ban
Austin, Tex. (ILNS).—The drive to
curb and crfpple trade unions in Texas
by legislative enactment continues,
the House having passed, by the close
vote of 68 to 63 the "right-to-work"
bill outlawing the closed shop.
Proponents declared that the meas
ure would guarantee jobs to veterans'
without the necessity of joining un
ions, but opponents said that it was
designed to end unions.
Exempting workers covered by the
Labor Railway Act, the bill contains
these provisions:
No employer shall discriminate
against a worker because of member
ship or non-membership in a union.
Unions may determine qualifica
tions for their membership.
Collective bargaining is permitted
as well as a checkoff of wages for pay
ment of union dues by mutual consent
of worker and employer.
Here is a Real
A second collection of used cloth
ing was held for the destitute peo
ple of war-torn countries Tuesday
and Wednesday of this week.
Charles L. Meeks, local chairman
for the United National Clothing col
lection, said that trucks would collect
the clothing from the firehouses and
remove it to the warehouse of the
Beckett Paper company, for sorting
and packing.
For the people in the rural areas
of Butler county, who did' not con
tribute at the initial collection by
county schools, provisions have been
made to accept their contributions at
the warehouse, Fourth and Dayton
Butler countians may load up their
automobiles and take the clothing to
the warehouse any day from 9 until 5
o'clock, Mr. Meeks said.
Senators In Move To Keep
Green Youths From Battle
Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—A
move has been begun in the Senate
to prevent the Army from sending
inductees under 19 into combat until
they have had at least 6 months mili.
tary training.
An amendment to accomplish this
has been introduced by Senators Stew
art, of Tennessee Revercomb, of West
Virginia Wilson, of Iowa and John
son, of Colorado.
It will be called up whenever the
Senate considers the House bill re
newing the Selective Service Act,
which expires May 15. Senator Stew
art said the amendment grew out of
recent complaints against sending 18
year-olds into battle soon after their
induction. The matter was brought
prominently to the attention of the
nation a few weeks ago by Senator
Taft of Ohio.
Retirement System Grows
Chicago (ILNS).—Of the 3,200,000
state and local government employes
in January, 1942, approximately 1,
500,000—or 46 percent—were mem
bers of retirement systems. By Jan
uary, 1944, about 1,700,000 employees
or 54 percent—of the 3,100,000 state
and local government employes be
longed to retirement systems.
Social Security Re
and Pay Envelope
for your records
necessary under the
'"PHIS combination record and payroll
envelope eliminates the necessity of a
great number of bothersome and intricate
Simple and inexpensive, it embodies all
the records necessary under the Social Se
curity Act.
Why put yourself to needless expense and
waste of time when this simple, inexpensive,
combination record and payroll.envelope does
the job.
For additional Information and samples call
326 Market St. Phone 1296
v I
R. E. Woodmansee's Brother^
Dies In Memphis At 65 5
Springfield, 111., (ILNS).—William
A. Woodmansee, 65, brother of R. E.
Woodmansee, editor and publisher of
the Illinois Ti'adesman and secretary
treasurer of the International Labor
Press of America, died recently at his
home in Memphis. He had been ill a
A customer once called the photo
graphic department of Macy's New
Yoi-k City, to ask if it would enlarge
a snapshot of her son. Of course it
would. Then she wanted to know if
they could remove his hat—she would
rather have the enlargement without
it. That, too, could be done but on
which side did he part his hair, and
was it straight or curly?
"Don't be silly," snapped the. woman
"You'll see that when you take his hat
HEN the stress of modern
gets "on your nerves"
A good sedative can do a lot to
lessen nervous tension, to make
you more comfortable, to permit
restful sleep.
Next time a day's work and
worry or a night's wakefulnesss,
makes you Irritable, Restless or
Jumpy—gives you Nervous Head
ache or Nervous Indigestion, try
Dr. uses
{Liquid or £fferve^cciii Tablets)
Dr. Miles Nervine is a time
tested sedative that has been
bringing relief from Functional
Nervous Disturbances for sixty
years yet is as up-to-date as this
morning's newspaper. Liquid 25*
and $1.00, Effervescent tablets 35*
and 75*. Read directions and use
only as directed.
1 ,,'i.Yr'af

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