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j# rtd &', fc" §. & v THE PRESS OCVICIAL ORGAN OF ORGANIZED LABOR THE NONPAREIL PRINTING CO. PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS Subscription Price $1.00 per Year Payable in Advance We do not hold ourselves responsible for any views or opinions expressed in the articles or communications of correspondents. Communications solicited from secretaries of all societies and organizations, and should be addressed to The Butler County Press, 326 Market Street, Hamilton, Ohio. The publishers reserve the right to reject any advertisements at any time. Advertising rates made known on application. Whntover is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Subscribers changing their address will please notify this office, giving old and new address to insure regular delivery of paper. Entered at the Postoffice at Hamilton, Ohio, as Second-Class Mail Matter. Issued Weekly at 326 Market Street Telephone 1296 Hamilton, Ohio Endorsed by the Trades and Labor Council of Hamilton, Ohio Endorsed by the Middletown Trades and Labor Council of Middletown, O. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1946 PAY BOOSTED WITHOUT STRIKES "American Federation of Labor unions are winning wage increases almost entirely without strikes, U. S. Department of Labor figures reveal. Out of 1,800,000 workers on strike or threatening to strike, as of Jan. 18, only 112,000 were AFL union mem bers. Why is it that AFL unions can save their members the huge losses caused by strikes and yet win them large and lasting gains? The answer is that experienced AFL union leaders seek substantial progress through collective bargaining conducted privately with employers on a basis of fact and ex perience, with consideration of the in terests of both sides. The AFL regards collective bargain ing in good faith as the normal pro cedure for establishing good relations with employers and working out the terms of employment in a contract. AFL unions have negotiated in good faith within the administration's de clared wage^price policy. And this pro cedure is working, aiding in maintain ing national purchasing power and in speeding reconversion to peacetime production. THE REAL KEY TO VETERANS' READJUSTMENT A job is the real, key to a veteran's readjustment. Once he secures satis factory employment, his other prob lems rapidly diminish. The labor movement itself cannot CntAtiA/u+dAiiup Acid Indigestion, Gas on Storri' 9ch, Heartburn, are usually caus ed by injudicious eating or drink ing. Try Alka-Seltzer for relief. Alka-Seltzer also relieves the distress of Headache, Colds, Neu ralgia, and Muscular Aches and Pains, because it contains an an algesic, (sodium acetyl salicylate). Your druggist sells Alka-Seltzer In kandy packs?'"' by the glass at Us soda f:»unt rv it. BIG SOCIAL EVERY mth Second Street Entitled "World Politics Faces Economic^" the paper offers, in part, an analysis of the political and eco nomic factors involved in preventing World War III. Emphasis is placed on the importance of Russia and America as the world's bi-polar powers. Efforts of other nations to achieve security will move them into the orbit of one or the other of these two powers. Both Russia and America "proclaim the dignity and worth of the indi vidual," but the achievement of this democratic ideal depends on the solu tion of two quite different problems, one political and one economic, Lass well points out. Russia's problem is to modify an all encompassing bureaucratic dictator ship into a flexibly balanced society, says Lasswell. "jtussia needs to move from centralization into decentraliza tion, from dictatorship to democracy, from regimented communication to free communication," he declares. America's problem, on the other hand, "is to achieve a more stable eco nomic basis for freedom. We have many elements of balance in our in stitutions. But what we have of free dom is imperiled at frequent inter vals by theresults of economic inse curity and, over longer periods, by the inroads upon genuine business enter prise of economic restrictionism." Naming as the 3 major objectives of American economic policy (a) high provide jobs, but it will continue to strive for its goal of full employment. Also, it will work towards placing veterans in the kind of position they desire. The disabled veteran presents a special problem. In his case jobs must be analyzed, individual capacities studied and placements made where he may be happy in the knowledge that he is contributing to society and not depending on it. Gen. Omar Bradley has pointed out that more and more readjustment cen ters for veterans will be required as demobilization progresses. The Amer ican Federation of Labor executive council foresaw this a year ago. It directed its 900 Central Bodies to form special committees to help vet erans find employment, and stimulate concerted action by the community in establishing veterans' centers. The Labor League for Human Rights urg ed similar action and assisted in set ting up the committees. Today, the results of this planning and direction are bearing fruit. Not only have great numbers of central bodies set up their own veterans' com mittees, with liaison representatives to community readjustment centers—but in many instances operate their own centers. In Los Angeles the AFL Veterans' Employment and Rehabilitation Ser vice is handling more cases than any other similar agency in that city. Since Jan. 1, 1945, this labor center has handled hundreds of cases each month. A recent survey of services given include 658 job placements, 300 instances of apprentice training and 1,570 services in job, vocational coun seling and personal analysis. Veterans problems in 1946 will challenge the facilities of all existing readjustment centers. The Labor League for Human Rights urges all central body veterans' committees to redouble their efforts to provide the Edgar K. Wagner FUNERAL DIRECTOR FRIDAY AND SUNDAY COME AND SPEND AN ENJOYABLE EVENING PLENTY OF GAMES AND EXTRA FKATURB8 .A MOOSE HOME At S40 P. M. '. COMMENT ON WORLD EVENTS World security will strengthen democratic tendencies inside Russia, Harold D. Lasswell says in a research paper prepared by the Committee for Economic Development Research Di vision, just published by the McGraw Hill Book Co. The author is the direc tor of war communications research for the Library of Congress. TSK SUTLER COUNTY PRESS? levels of productive employment (b) a rising standard of well-being (c) the attainment of these goals by means comparable with freedom and secur ity. Lasswell states that "The degree to which these objects can be realized -in the United States depends in no small measure upon the world environ ment—upon the level of world eco nomic life and the degree of world political security." Having placed America's domestic economic goals in the focus of the world security spotlight, the writer analyzes the effects of efforts to achieve these goals on the desire of other nations, particularly Russia, to feel free of any threat of this nation's accumulating strength in the event of another war. And there must be no 'next war," Lasswell says, if America is to have the jobs, living standards and freedom which its people want. Even a threat of war would retard progress, since preparatory measures for defense would tend to mobilize pro duction for possible war, rather than leaving it free to serve civilian needs and living standards. Future wars are likely, however, unless factors which have produced wars in the past are controlled. Since crises of war arid insecurity are often among the unintended con sequences of economic policy, it is wise to consider in advance the prob able repercussions of economic policy on security. Such considerations will necessarily take place within a frame work of world politics that, in its characteristic form, is the balancing of power. The term "world politics" is used by the author to include the diplomatic and economic procedures of nations, apart from any world or ganization. veteran with his most urgent read justment need—a job. WHAT NEXT? Three coaches with specially equip ped "mother-and-child" compartments have been put in service on the Swed ish State Railways. The cars, con structed according to directives by the Swedish Medical Board and private welfare organizations, have dining places and toilet facilities for babies. Twenty-five such cars have been or dered. WISDOM Honor lies in honest toil. Grover Cleveland. SUPPORTS WAGE HIKE IN CHALLENGING WORDS TO CONGRESS Washington, D. C.—President Tru man declared in his annual message to Congress that American business can afford and should pay "substan tial" wage increases to labor. To set industry a good example, the President urged Congress to in crease the pay of government em ployes and to vote an immediate boost in minimum wage levels from 40 to 65 cents an hour. The President emphasized that wage increases in priyate industry should be negotiated through collec tive bargaining. He also pressed for prompt action on full employment legislation, social security improve ments, higher unemployment compen sation and insurance against medical costs. Full employment and increased production, Mr. Truman said, are the only safeguards against the disaster of inflation and consequent depres sion. He warned that another de pression in this country would upset the entire world economy. Deploring work stoppages, the President called upon management and labor to settle their disputes through collective bargaining. He also reiterated his request for fact-finding legislation. "Private capital and private man agement," the President said in his message, "are entitled to adequate reward for efficiency, but business must recognize that its reward re suits from the employment of the re sources of the nation. "Business is a public trust and must adhere to national standards in the conduct of its affairs. These stand ards include as a minimum the estab lishment of fair wages and fair em ployment practices. "Labor also has its own new peacetime responsibili ties. Under our collective bargaining system, which mast become progres sively more secure, labor attains in creasing political as well as economic power and this, as with all power, means increased responsibility." In endorsing a boost ia the. niini- vt- -r- ,s tH'ioOO In giving his views on the need for a fair wage structure to bulwark ex pansion of American industry, the President said: "Most industries and most com panies have adequate leeway within which to grant substantial wage in creases. If we manage our economy properly, the future will see us on a level of production half again as high as anything we have ever accomplish ed in peacetime. Business can in the future pay higher wages and sell for lower prices than ever before. "This is not true for all companies, nor will it ever be there for all, but for busi ness generally it is true. We are rely ing on all concerned to develop through collective bargaining wage structures that are fair to labor, allow for nec essary business incentives and con form with policy to hold the line on prices." AFL STARTS DRIVE TO MEET NATION'S HOUSING NEEDS Washington, D. C. A double barreled drive to arouse public opin ion for action to deal with the im mediate housing emergency and for enactment of the Wagner-Ellender Taft bill to meet the nation's long range housing needs was announced by AFL President William Green. Mr. Green called upon AFL Cen tral "Labor Unions in 800 cities throughout the country to take the lead in organizing community cam paigns for prompt construction of new homes to meet the acute short ages confronting returning veterans and war workers. "Mobilization for more and better housing is the most vital step in Am erica's mobilization for peace and re covery," Mr. Green said. His action followed a White House confei-ence with Federal Housing Ex pediter Wilson Wyatt, at which Mr. Green was accompanied by the AFL Housing Committee. "The American Federation of La bor stands ready to cooperate fully with Mr. Wyatt in the er.iergency program to meet the housing crisis which affects almost every American community today," Mr. Green said after the meeting. "We will support every sound measure to make the gov ernment's program effective. "Foremost in labor's objectives in its fight to prevent the present hous ing shortage from developing a chronic, malignant disease is quick Congressional enactment of the Wag ner-Ellender-Taft bill, S. 1592. It is the duty of every unionist and every responsible citizen to raise his voice and call upon Congress for urgent action on this vital legislation. "The American Federation of La bor calls upon its Central Unions in more than 800 communities through out the United States to form local labor housing committees. It will be the responsibility of these coinmittees 3K'. 3 THE MARCHOF LABOR M'io mum wage level prescribed under the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Presi dent said neither serious price ad justments nor geographic dislocations would be caused by such increases. Continued price control and rent control were urged by the President to prevent inflation. He recommended liberalization of the whole structure of the social secui'ity laws and re stated his pleas for the establishment of health insurance. K- KVTER IVORLO WAR Z PRKi, k ^CONTROLS WERE LIFTED* WITH THE FOLLOWING RESULTS: MORE THAN 100,000 FLRMS WENT BANKRUPT. -n MERCHANTS, FARMERS, AND INDUSTRIES SUFFE& ED INVENTORY LOSSES TVJ OF SIXTEEN BILLION DOLLARS. MORE THAN 5,000,000 WORKERS LOST TWElR. 4 JOSS. 453,000 FARMERS LOST THEIR FARMS. 1 I0* f^UY UNION LA6EL PRODUCTS AND YOU HELP ALL OP LA&OR fH IS IS THE UhtiOH LABEL IPEHTIFYING UNION-MADE HATS. LOOK. FOR IT-INSIST ON IT to work closely with mayors and other municipal authorities in making known the housing needs of the com munity and devising methods for meeting them promptly, soundly and effectively. "Local AFL Housing Committees, guided by the National Housing Com mittee of the AFL will launch a na tionwide mobilization of labor and citizen cooperation to meet the hous ing emergency." For Better Traffic Control Middletown, Ohio.—Members of the City Commission conferred with Hugh A. King, Chief of Police, to consider King's suggestions for better traffic control, and later met with officials of the Ortman -Stewart Transporta tion Co., regarding placing prewar bus stops back into efect here. Chief King was understood to be asking that left turns at Central Ave nue's intersections with Broad Street and Verity Parkway be eliminated, as before the war, in the interest of safe ty, and that at least three traffic lights, which were turned off during the war, be placed back in operation, principally the light at Central and Grices Streets. Letter Heads Bill Heads Statements Invoices Duplicate, Triplicate^ Quadruplet Forms Business Cards Window Cards Show Cards For Sale Cards For Rent Cards No Hunting and Trespassing Signs Furnished Room Cards Admission Tickets Roll Tickets Combination Tickets Numbered Tickets Raffle Tickets Cardboard Checks Aluminum Checks Brass Checks Bank Cheeks Return Bottle Checks 82f Market St. NEW BUSINESSES HAMILTON August J. & Lorene R. Killiatt' A Elda Nogle, 1146 Central, Gro. & Meats. Lewis Whitaker (No. 520 American Legion) 517 S. Monument, Candies, etc. Gelanie Day, 764 East Ave., Restau rant. David Johnson, 211 .N. Poplar, Ox ford, Garage & Repairs. Hobart Hayes, Tuly Rd., Lumber. Robt. Stapleton, 141 Riverside Dr., New Miami, Grocery. Nellie Pace, 152 High, Photographer. Delbert Jameson, 723 Sycamore, Restaurant & Cafe. Leonard Reynolds, R. R. No. 7, Radio Repairs. Chas. Cash, 2916 Pleasant, Gen. Contractor. SEE US IF YOU NEED A LOAN ..It.. Build—Improve—Buy Your Home HIGH PRICES UNPLEASANT TASTE INCONVENIENCE Keep you front getting all the Vitamins A and you need. You can be stire that eaeh member of your family gets enough of these essential vita mins by seeing to it that they take ONE]£[DAY V CHECK YOUR PRINTING NEEDS THEN CALL THE Nonpareil Printing Co. FOR COMPLETE PRINTING SERVICE! FOR ALL KINDS OF PRINTING, CALL NONPAREIL PRINTING CO. :k Fhmmnt-tmating CowrwrftK Economical '.V V/I-Nfes •&' WCitiH A S'N NULTON PARRISH, Secy. 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