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V* c„ VOL. XLV. No. 49 i*.- 5»x y »S% --It i rS & (5 A' r%4 '.. f,r 1 K [L Ir-TA ,• iei .--- H1*!&*%. -^y. .» .v. y -.-•' .V +?*?--:, '. ..::1 i :. •-'. 1" H*• V"*. .' v .- ,• ,p.-. I- vS-us.'-^ -,V u i '»*,.•' Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—With appointment of a Senate Labor Com mittee subcommittee to draft a sub stitute for the Case strike-control bill, •"death of the measure, which organiz ed labor has strenuously opposed, was Seen as certain. The Case bill, which passed the Bouse Feb. 7, was recently denounced fty President William Green of the American Federation of Labor as 'Snonstrous" and "reflecting angry fcatred of organized labor." He de clared it would bring back slavery 4gnd the labor injunction and revive the "hateful blacklist." Death of the Case bill in the Senate Labor Committee, unless there should be a radical change of mind on the part of the committee's members, e&me when Chairman Thomas E. Mur ray of Montana announced that it was the opinion of the committee that no "drastic" labor legislation should be enacted now. Liberal Group Named Supporting the right to mass pic keting as such, the civil liberties or ganization said in a letter to Joseph Curran, president of the Greater New York CIO Council, that "some .of the nn junctions have been prompted by what we regard as excesses on the part of striking unions who have de nied access by mass picket lines, even to the owners of properties, supervi sors and non-striking employes." The right to mass picketing and right of free entry to a plant are not in conflict, according to the letter, ""ind "in a number of strikes" arrange- PHONES 4«-78 Appointment of Senate Committee Group To Write Substitute Seen As Marking End Of Drastic Case Measure Senator Murray named himself Strike Tactics of Some Unions Held Inviting Court, Police Excesses New York City (ILNS).—Tactics of Certain striking unions "invite" the excesses of brutality and government by injunction, the American Civil Lib erties Union said in denouncing ex cesses by the courts and police and reiterating opposition to labor tactics tfcat deny access to all comers at strike-bound plants. 5/ ^reen Denounces Bill As "Monstrous* and ^Ttefle^ctliiff Angry Hatred of Organized Labor" chairman of a group to write a sub stitute measure. Other members in clude Senators Pepper, Florida La Follette, Wisconsin Morse, Washing ton Ellender, Louisiana Tunnell, Delaware, and Ball, Minnesota. A majority of the subcommittee is lib eral minded and probably oposed to imposing harsh restrictions on labor unions, as is proposed in the Case bill. Naming of the subcommittee was agreed to by the full committee at a closed door session. It will consider the House bill, sponsored by Repre sentative Case of South Dakota and a number of Senate labor measures on which hearings have been held. Senator Murray denied any attempt to "pigeonhole" the Case bill and said that he had offered to send the meas ure to the Senate floor for action un der a negative report but that other Senators wanted no part of a law which would "penalize or straight jacket labor." The subcommittee began work March 6. ments between labor and management have been made to permit both. It was noted as a matter of regret that union leaders "in many instances did not so- regulate picketing as to avoid the consequences of a refusal to accord the right of access to non strikers." It was also regretted that some courts went so far as to "pro hibit mass picketing altogether." Former Head of UMWA District Dies at 75 Wilkes-Barre, Pa. (ILNS).Benjamin McEnany, former president of Dis trict 1, United Mine Workers of Am erica, died at his home, here March 4 at the age of 75. During the 1902 strike, McEnany was one of John Mitchell's chief lieu tenants. From 1904 to 1906 he held the post of district auditor. In 1907, he was elevated to the presidency for a 2-year term. When he retired 9 years ago, McEnany was coal inspector at Ewen Colliery. Born in England, he came to America 52 years ago. A. F. of L's 1946 Red Cross Poster This poster portrays the A. F. of L.'i support of the American Red Gross. It will soon be seen in plants, factories and union halls through out the nation. David Webb & Sons FUNERAL NOME 0 .. r- ,,~K ROSS AT .•- :w.'-*l5r ^h''? I t.-n WNU Service* w-4.' .' SENATE COMMITTEE BACKS 65-CENT MINIMUM PAY Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—The Senate battle for an increase of min imum wage rates under the Fair La bor Standards (wage-hour) Act has opened with reporting of a bill by the Education and Labor Committee. The committee's bill asks an imme diate increase of the minimum wage to 65 cents an hour, from the present 40 cents, and extension of overtime coverage to "any employer whose busi ness affects interstate commerce." Senators Tunnell of Delaware and Pepper of Florida, reporting for the majority, insisted that an immediate advance to at least 65 cents was im perative. NATIONAL INCOME JUMP CITED "With a national income of $160, 000,000,000," they contended, "a 65 cent minimum wage yields the worker at substandard wages a smaller pro portion of the nation's increased wealth than a 40-cent minimum yield ed him with the $64,000,000,000 na tional income in 1938. While national income per capita has risen over 100 percent in 7 years (at least 75 percent when adjusted for price changes), the income of the underpaid has not raised in anything like the same proportion." The proposed bill broadens the cov erage of the act to include seamen so far as minimum wages are concern ed but not as to overtime. A minority report suggesting an immediate rise to 55 cents and an ul timate level of 60 cents was brought in by 6 members who called the ma jority proposals inflationary. SMALLER RAISES URGED Two Democratic Senators, Ellender of Louisiana and Fulbright of Ark ansas, joined with Republican Sena tors Taft, Ohio Ball, Minnesota Don nell, Missouri and Smith, New Jersey in condemning the wage scale propos ed by the majority and the clauses ex panding coverage of the current act. The dissenting Senators held that to fix minimum wages beyond a point sufficient to cover increased living costs would "inevitably add tremend ously to the already great inflation ary pressures in the country." They held that an immediate in crease of 15 cents, which they pro posed, was all the economy of the country would absorb now. Their ulti mate level of 60 cents at the end of 2 years, they maintained, was far sounder than the graduated advances proposed by the majority. In those, the minimum of 65 cents would rise to 70 cents at the end of 2 years and to 75 cents at the end of 4 years. Homemakers, do you know that more people are accidentally killed at home than on the highways? The Ohio State Safety Council figures show that one accident in three hap pens at home. Remember, caution, care and common sense—eliminate home accidents. You are Assured Prompt Service NomtareU Feinting Co. i. ~-. -V ,,, v \.~" ?.: 1- j-v ..' .'A v." -••*. v -. %. ••_ ..- ,' S -*1'"=- '^y #".' v BUTLER COUNTY PRESS: Strange Phenomenon Gains For Upholsterers In New Hampshire Plant Keene, N. H. (ILNS).—Extensive gains for employes of the Sprague Carleton Co. were won by Local 366, Upholsterers' International Union in contract negotiations led by Inter national Vice President Howard Litch field, UIU representative in New Eng land. Among improvements in working conditions achieved were a second week's paid vacation for employes with.5 years' service 3 paid holidays and increases in minimum rates to 65 cents for men and 55 cents for Here is a Real ii& HAMILTON, OHIO, FRIDAY, MARCH 15,1946 ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR women. Piece work rates also were adjusted upward and day-work rates set at 80 percent of average piece work earnings. UMW Secretary-Treasurer Under John Mitchell Dies Harrisburg, Pa. (ILNS).—John P. Gallagher, former secretary-treasurer of the United Mine Workers, died here March 2 at the age of 69. He held the office in the miners' union from 1898 until 1905, during which time John Mitchell was its head. Gallagher came to Harrisburg in 1905 as an employe of the Pennsyl vania Department of Mines. Social Security Record and Pay Envelope TIME and MONEY SAVER for your records necessary under the SOCIAL SECURITY ACT ''PHIS combination record and payroll envelope eliminates the necessity of a great number of bothersome and intricate records. Simple and inexpensive, it embodies all the records necessary under the Social Se curity Act. Why put yourself to needless expense and waste of time when this simple, inexpensive, combination record sm& payroll envelope does V the job. For additional information and samples call NONPAREIL PRINTING CO. 326 Market St» Phone 1296 Hamitton.^Ohifi) A r»-1 -*-:v.-,r .•*'• y£T ,•' •-•*(-•*-, .-£• r'fjj/- Supreme Court Asked To Approve Naturalization Of Pacifists Washington, D. C. (ILNS).—The U. S. Supreme Court is urged to declare pacifists eligible for naturalization as American citizens in a brief by the American Civil Liberties Union sup porting an appeal heard recently. Signed by former Democratic presiden tial candidate John W. Davis, among others, the brief supports the appeal of James Louis Girouard, Canadian Seventh Day Adventist, who was re fused citizenship by the Circuit Court of Appeals in Boston in 1943, though he had indicated he was willing to ac cept non-combatant service in the army. The question of his eligibility re volves around the meaning of the oath required of all prospective citi zens to "support and defend" the United States. In cases 15 years ago the U. S. Supreme Court by a series of 5 to 4 decisions held that Congress intended the oath to mean a willing ness to bear arms. John W. Davis was the leading counsel to present the case for the pacifists. The Civil Liberties Union urges the Supreme Court to reverse its earlier decision. It points out that substan tially the same oath has been freely taken by innumerable lawyers, civil service employees, and public officials who had conscientious scruples against war. The U. S. Civil Service Commission has specifically held that the oath may be taken by conscientious objec tors, and it has been administered by the army to thousands of conscientious objectors serving as non-combatants in World War II. The ACLU also points out that Con gress can hardly have intended the oath to bar pacifists from citizenship since a 1942 amendment to the natu ralization law specifically extends easier naturalization procedures to all who served in the armed forces, in cluding non-combatant conscientious objectors. The court is reminded that the American tradition of freedom from discrimination on religious grounds dictates that religious paci fists not be excluded from citizen ship. 4 "m 5T t'f&t.' v.„j "i & 4 1 A i V .•Vf.A, •,V.