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Entered at the Postoffice at Hamilton,
Ohio, as Second-Class Mail Matter.
Issued Weekly at 326 Market Street
Telephone 1296 Hamilton, Ohio
Endorsed by the Trades and Labor
Council of Hamilton, Ohio
Endorsed by the Middletown Trades
and Labor Council of Middletown, (k
FRIDAY, JUNE 14,1946
STATE LAWS NECESSARY
For thousands of women workers
who will find their postwar employ
ment in laundries, hotels, and other
service industries not covered by min
imum rates established under the fed
eral wage and hour law, state mini
mum wage action is imperative if
their standards of living are to be
maintained. This warning was sound
ed by the Women's Bureau, U. S. De
partment of Labor, in an article in the
May issue of the Monthly Labor Re
Reviewing the progress of state
minimum-wage activity in the 3-year
period ending last December, the bu
reau notes that minimum wage activi
ty during the war was confined largely
to a few states and that rates in ef
fect on V-J Day had been established
during the early 1940's or the depres
sion years of the 1930's.
Since no new laws were enacted dur
ing the period studied, the bureau
article points out that the chief ac
complishments were the various
amendments, the issuance of wage or
ders in 6 states, and the growing rec
ognition that state minimum wage
action was necessary to help close the
gap between the legal minimum wage
and the increased cost of living.
Organized labor favors minimum
wage legislation for women and minor
workers and can do much to maintain
and improve living standards by vig
orously pushing such legislation in all
NOT "NEW SOCIAL THEORY"
The mine operators have tried des
perately to make the public believe
that a health fund paid for by the
operators and administered by the
union is a "new social theory," there
fore, they argue, it is dangerous. Act-
HEN the stress of modern
gets "on your nerves"
good sedative can do a lot to
tauten nervous tension, to make
you more comfortable, to permit
Next time a day's work and
worry or a night's wakefulnesss,
makes you Irritable, Restless or
Jumpy—gives you Nervous Head
acht or Nervous Indigestion, try
Dr. Miles Nerviie
XUv*i or Effervescent Tablets)
Dr. Mile* Nervine is a time
sedative that has been
relief from Functional.
Disturbances for sixty'
j«t Is as up-to-date as this
Momfatf's newspaper. Liquid 25#
and $1.00, Effervoscent tablets 35+
and TR Mood directions and use
COMMENT ON WORLD EVENTS
Dividing up of Germany in 4 zones
was a "fatal mistake," the American
Federation of Labor executive council
declared in a recent statement on the
rebuilding of the war-ravaged world.
The council's statement has already
been discussed in this column but only
bare mention was made of its attack
on the Big Four occupation policy.
The council pointed to facts which
ILNS has frequently called to the at
tention of readers of the labor press
in the last 7 or 8 months. What the
council said is worthy of the consid
eration of every American who wish
es to see the winning of the peace.
Here is what it said on the policy
"It is obvious that the Big Four oc
cupation policy of dividing conquered
countries into zones is a mistake. Thus,
instead of concentrating on the re-edu
cation of the German people and the
reorganization of their country on a
democratic basis, the Big Four have
made the fatal error of dividing it up
into 4 zones without regard for the
economic needs and welfare of Europe.
Instead of reorganizing Germany's
industry and utilizing the skill of its
workers for the purposes of peace and
the economic reconstruction of the
continent, destruction de-industriali
ually, welfare funds administered by
unions have been in effect for more
than 50 years, honestly and efficient
ly operated, and bringing immense
benefits to workers.
Today some 2,000,000 workers are
protected by health funds, established
by collective bargaining and raised al
most entirely by employer contribu
tions many of these funds are admin
istered solely by unions. This type of
employer-financed health funds set
union agreement is a well es
tablished recognition of the principle
of industry's responsibility for the
welfare of its workers, and of the
right and ability of workers to admin
ister through their unions the kind of
benefit plan which will contribute
most to raising their living standards.
In the coal mining industry, al
though wa^e increases are vitally
needed, wage increases alone cannot
protect the miner and his family
against the ghastly toll of mine acci
dent and disease. But by applying the
principle of insurance on a mass basis,
the miner can be adequately protect
ed at relatively small cost.
The union label is the only guaran
tee you can get which assures you
that the products you buy were (1)
made in America, not by cheap foreign
labor (2) made by free labor, not in
a sweatshop or prison and (3) made
by American workers under Ameri
can standards of wages, hours and
Water-resistant matches, develop
ed during the war for the armed forc
es, will be available soon for civilians,
the Diamond Match Co. announced.
The matches are said to be able to
withstand "innumerable" drenchings
and are guaranteed to function after
4 hours' submersion.
The nature of war is hostile to de
mocracy emergency provisions, even
though of a temporary nature, in
variably modify national institutions.
THE RIGHT TACTIC
Down in a certain Southern town
the prize loafer of the community
went away on a trip and returned
with a brand-new wife.
"Well, Ezra," remarked the mayor,
meeting the new bride-groom on the
street, "so you've gone and got mar
"Yes, by golly, I have!" shirped
The mayor, who was the town's
leading bachelor, assumed a forlorn
air, and mournfully exclaimed, "And
here I am, Ezra, a lonely bachelor
still. It seems no one will have me."
"Think I can help you get a wife,"
Ezra suggested hopefully.
"Really?" cried the mayor, pre
tending to be overjoyed at the thought.
Ezra glanced about cautiously, then,
putting his lips close to the mayor's
ear, he whispered, "Do what I did,
mayor. Go where you an't known."
Tug Operators Get Raise
San Francisco, Qalif.—The Mas
ters, Mates and Pilots inland division
were granted a 48-hour basic work
week for tugboat operators. One hun
dred workers also received a 20 per
cent wage increase.
i 9 it-
zation schemes have been launched in
the very industrial heart of Europe.
"Instead of fostering and aiding the
restoration and growth of such pri
mary organs of the democratic way of
life as free trade unions, half-heart
ed denazification schemes, forced
merging of political organizations,
the restriction of the right of free as
sociation in unions and political par
ties have become the established prac
tices in the various zones of occupied
Germany. Similar policies have been
followed in Austria.*'
The council goes on to comment
briefly on the situation in Italy and
"Instead of treating democratic co
belligerent Italy as a liberated coun
try, the Big Three have approached
the problem of an Italian peace set
tlement as if it were a treaty to be
signed with a vanquished hostile coun
try, despite the solemn pledges and
promises made to the Italian people
who were the first ones to overthrow
a Fascist dictatorship.
"Only in Japan has the cause of
democratic regeneration made any
headway at all. But even here it is
questionable how long it will be be
fore Gen. MacArthur's able and far-
1 i -r
THE BUTLER COUNTY PRESS
sighted leadership is interfered with
and paralyzed by the introduction of
power politics. The plight of Korea
should put our government on guard
against making concessions to weaken
MacArthur's powers and policies. The
tense situation in China is another
demonstration of Communist fifth
column methods of aggression."
Folly of the occupation policy is
daily becoming more apparent, with
only the Communists, fellow travel
ers and bull-headed advocates of a
"hard" peace continuing to defend it.
Recent reports by heads of the Am
erican occupation forces in Germany
have supported and confirmed every
thing the AFL council said and it is
now plain that furthering the cause
of world rehabilitation and peace
necessitates scrapping the policy or
its drastic revision.
Frieda Miller Appointed
Washington, D. C.—Appointment of
Frieda S. Miller of the Women's Bu
reau, Labor Department, as U. S. rep
resentative on the governing body of
the International Labor Office at its
98th session in Montreal was announc
ed by President Truman. Miss Miller
served as an adviser to this Nation's
delation to the United Nations' Gen
We have just received a number of thefte
handsome chairs. High channel back for head
and shoulder comfort. Richly covered in beau
SEE THE NEW "TEXTEEL" LAWN AND
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o A A j,
S- Vt T* r"'\
THIRD ALWAYS LEAD
Spring steel base affords
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Available in white.
Costs Rise 50-60%
Since War Outbreak
Washington, D. C.—The majority
of items which figure in the family
budget have increased in cost more
than 50 percent since the day the war
started in Europe, the Bureau of La
bor Statistics reported.
Labor economists, however, consid
ered the BLS figures much too con
servative, as there is overwhelming
evidence, they said, that living costs
have risen more than 60 percent.
"Food, clothing and house furnish
ings costs, which represent 57 per
cent of the budget for wage earners
and moderate income workers in
large cities, are now a little over 50
percent higher than in August, 1939,"
the bureau reported.
Woll Urges AFL Unions
To Help Relieve Famine
Washington, D. C.—A plea urging
AFL members to make use of the
Cooperative for American Remittance
to Europe, otherwise known as CARE,
was issued by Matthew Woll, vice
president of the AFL, and is being sent
to locals throughout the country.
CARE is a non-profit venture
through which individuals and organi
zations may order "staridard food
packages" for delivery to designated
relatives or friends in certain Euro
U I BY
pean countries. It was formed to re
lieve famine abroad. The food pack
ages weigh approximately 30 pounds
and provide an average of more
Cook To Retire .%u4
Washington, D. C.—After 29
IF YOU NEED A LOAN
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V r: fV
of service with the Federal Govern
ment, George A. Cook of the Railway
Mediation Board, will retire on July
31. He served as secretary fltf
board as well as mediator.
Konparoll Matbff Co. Mil Tlhr
.- A i i f- i i
?r'' "V .'V
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