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TELEP..mO.ES i EI.JHT PAGES I TL E Business Office-...- 52 gAIttUU 8 Editori.al Rooms X.U . TODA.,SPR,., TT V'OLUMI1 1.--NUM~F~ IW . 1TTE. MIPNTANA, S TI'IUWAY. .ý\NL'A11IY I s, 1!) I,)RC IV ET LIEBKIECHT PUT TO DEATH BY JUNKERS WORKINGMEN THROUGHOUT THE WORLD WILL STRIKE JULY 4 TO FREE TOM MOONEY WORLD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BEGINS ITS OFFICIAL WRANGLE Paris, Jan. 18.-That the gag will be used on the "deer pee pul" while the "leaders" con fer at the peace table is evi denced by the following official commnunique issued today: "Representatives of the press shall be admitted to the meetings of the full con ference, but upon neces sary occasions the delibera tions of the conference may be held in camera." (Special United Press Wire.) Paris, Jan. 18.-"You hold in your hands the future of the world," President Poincare of France declared in addressing. the peace delegates at the open ing of the conference here. He reconunended the establislunent of a league of nations, reviewing the reasonl for each nation's en try Into the war, and dwelled especially upon the course the United States pursued. He laud ed the American people and praised the allied troops and the armies of the United States for finishing their task. By ROBERT J. BENDER. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) Plaris, .an. 18.--Thie first silting of the peace coinference tfouinld President Wilson par tially victorious in his fight for the recogniti[on of his first principle "`,,,w º,nvenaiil.S, openly arrived iI." 'his vigm. ous fight for .tlt pejt conllfer eice was lacked by the ulli versal stanid (I'I th Americinn nievwspaper correspmodents. lie was finally su.ccesstful ill secm' iing a. mile wherebly a limited iiiiil)ner of ul'wspaper melt will Ie permilled to altend full sit liiugs. a silnatliun similar to that inI the Uniileed Slates senane, \\here relprtlers are allow\\ed Iin hear all ,proceedings except. the ciilnitllee meeting executive sessions. Tihe president i's only reser valion, it is said, is that there slholthl he Iie pulhiicity of liies lions o0i which there was 1no final actioln, lest reports of pro ceedlings slhould corme out piiceileal. thus creating niis ldlerstandings w'hiichl night have serious results. President \Vilsoii expecls thai as thlie con ferences progress delicate points will he disposed of, and more and nmore nieetigs will be public luntil the filal ses siolls, when hiie hiopes they w\ill be entirely open. Anmericani correspiondenlts, however, are yet unlsatisfied. They see a possibility of only a few questions being open, and are preparing to invite newspaper mena of all nations to co-operate in pressing their reslpective delegations for more public sittings. Paris, Jan. 18.-All is in readi ness for the commencement this aft ernoon at 3 o'clock of the peace con gress. At 3 meeting yesterday at tended by President Wilson and the other leaders of the great powers, the delegations which are to sit in the congress were completed by ac cording to Belgium and Serbia three delegates each and two representa tives to the king of Hedjas, whose forces in the Holy Land so materially aided the British in overcoming the Turks. PUBLICITY. At the meeting the question of the admission of the press to the confer ence was also acted upon. It was de cided that the newspaper men should be admitted to the meetings of the full conference, but that on neces sary occasions the deliberations of the conference might be held in secret. It has beenf tentatively decided that three representatives of the press of each of the allied and asso ciated powers will be admitted to the conference. The conference prob (Continued on ag.e Two) BOLSHEVIKIS ARE AFTER THE FORMER KAISER (Special United Press Wire.) Amerongen, Holland, Jan. 18. Guar.ls about (~nunt Bentinck's castle were reinforced when it was reportetd that narm'ed Gelrman bolshevists had plotted to raid the palace and seize the former kaiser and kaiserin and carry them off to Germany for trial. An airplane has been observed reconnoitering over the castle. This greatly upset Wilhelm and his wife, and they demanded fur ther protection from the Dutch. In addition to the kidnappinag plot, Wilhelm fears a scheme to blow up the castle. POULTRYMEN NAM[ OFFICERS Members Extend Thanks to Local Organization and Adopt Resolutions on Member's Death. Prize winners at the eleventh an nual state poultry show, which has been held in Butte this week, were announced by Judge Purdy of Spo kane yesterday. Among the winners are poultrymen in every town in Montana and imany prizes went to Spokane and eastern Washington, to Wyoming and Idaho, and a few big prizes were won by Nebraska res idepitt". At the meeting held in the city hall last evening officers for the coming year were elected and matters per taining to the chicken industry of the state were discussed. Incomplete replorts from the present show sat isfied the nmemtiers and won a vote of thanks for the local organization. J. R. Scott of Grant was chosen president of the organization for the coming year. Other officers are: F. A. Grace of Glacier Park, vice presi dent; J. L. Dorsh of Butte, who was re-elected, secretary-treasurer; J. D. Veach, Hot Springs, and C. E. Carl son, Bozeman, members of the execu tive committee. Reports received by the organiza tion included two contemplated legis lative bills. One proposed incereasing the amount giveln y'-the state to aid poultry exhibitions from $1,000 to $1,500 and. the appropriation of $3,000 toward the salary of a special expert connected with the stkte col lege, wileho would do extension work in poultry instruction. Some discus sion arose over the approval of the bill appropriating a fund for the col lege expert until assurance could be given that the agent would not use his influence in assisting the college to sell eggs and fancy poultry. The other bill- provided for a change in the official quality of eggs and for bade shipping eggs of certain char acteristics into the state without re strictions. An invitation was extended to the new state rabbit association to join with, the poultry association in the next show to be held in Butte next winter. Resolutions in honor of the late W. E. Jolliffe of Bozeman, a for mer member of the association, were read and adopted. H. S. Ensign, secretary of the state fair, addressed the meeting and praised the Butte show. He told the chicken fanciers the premium lists for the state fair would be out some time in May, and discussed various phases of the chicken division of the fair. He advocated the showing of flocks at the fair. Because the judge of the present show was not an American Poultry association judge, some question as to the comllete control of the state show by the local organization was raised and consideration was given to the appointing of a show commit ten from the organization t.o work itn conjunction with the local organiza tion. I Nation-Wide Strike Is Set for Fourth of July (Special United Press Wire.) Chicago, Jan. 18.--July 4 has been set by the Mooney labor congress as the date of a nation-wide strike of every branch of organised labor as a protest against the imprisonment of Tom Mooney. A MARTYR TO THE INTERNATIONALE Berlin, Thursday, Jan. 16. When it became known yesterdlay that l)r. Karl Liebknecht and b.b5sa Luxem burg were at the hotel ()de, in the western part of the city, a crowd rapidly congregated and stormled the hotel lobby. The mob for.stal lid an attemnpt to :ave JFraulein Luxem burg. She was beaten into illn;ensi bility and then thrown into an auto mobile Iy the crowd, which intend ed to take her to prison. Halted by Mob. A few blocks down the street the machine was halted by a second moh and as the presence of Fraulein aLux emlburg became known a' jlnker jumped on the running hoard of( the car and shot her through the head. The body was dragged from. the au tomobile and carried off. It is sup posed that it was thrown into lthe canal, but it has not been found. In the meantime, 1)r. Liebknecht was hurried into another automobile by officers and troops and the car was headed for the Moahite prison While going through the Tiergartin, the machine was halted by a lunc tured tire. Dr. Liehknecht was asked to get out and was shot by soldiers. Amserdam. .Jan. 17.--- Officers comn Inanding the troops escorting l)r. Karl Liibknecht and IRosa Lnxae burg Sunday evening when those two radical leaders were killed have been provisionally arrested, according to a Berlin dispatch received ihere, which adds that all persons impllicated in the incident will be se\erely pull ished. Ilis, Career. Karl hPault August Fridiririh I.ih knecht was born in Leipzig, Aug. 1:;, 1871. After being graduated from the University of Leipzig he entered politics as a socialist. -He was a radical opponent of the muilitarist policies of Germany from the first of his political career and this attitude brought about his trial on a charge of high treason in 1907 following the appearance of an anti-military pam phlet, written by him. The charge of high treason was not proved, but he was convicted on it less serious count and sent to prison for 18 months. Dr. icehknecht visited America in 1910 and lectured in New York. In 1912 he was elected to the C,,r ian reichstag from Potsdam and ithe next year caused a furore in Gor mhany by bringing charges against the Krupps, saying that that organ STATE FAIR MAN VISITS IN BUTTE H. S. Ensign Says Interest in State Exposition Never Equaled This Early. Plans Next Week. Never in the history of the Mon tana State fair has so much interest in the exposition been displayed so early in the year by residents of the state and national exhibitors, accord ing to H. S. Einsign, secretary of the fair, who attended the State Poultry show in Butte yesterday. At a meeting of the directors to be held next Thursday the initial plans for the 1919 state fair will be dis cussed and Mr. Ensign and two clerks have been busy preparing data and recommendations for the considera tion of the directors. Mr. Ensign will attend a meeting of the Inter state Fair and Racing conference at Spokane Jan. 30 where dates will be reconciled so the Montana fair can obtain the biggest amusement fea tures at the least cost. Special attention will be paid to the exhibits of boys and girls at the coming fair. They will be encour aged to participate in as many divi sions as possible, and special prizes will be included in the premium list for their benefit. A new racing paddock is being planned and it is hoped the directors will provide additional space in sev eral sections. SINN FEINERS TO MEET TUESDAY (Special United Press Wire.) Dublin, Jan. 18.-The Irish -con stituent assembly.will open Jan. 21, it is officially announced at Sinn Fein headquarters. It is believed the gov ernieii wIIU not attempt to prevent the meeting; DR. KARL LIEBKNECHT ;salion was inspiring War spirit againslt tlihe F'rench. In the nlurse of debates he l nt(' iOll ed ('l I '. pero! Vil]iam and t.he crown prIinc is he - ing involveid in the all:egedl colWl'r icy cenotering arolnd KrIipps. As a1 result of his revelationls sc\leral rmy" officers were tried I'or accept('(lli )rilbes from Krilpulps. Thei y were con(-: victed, but receive.d light snteilncell. When the great war )lrok^ out( lDr. Lie'l.nctt. lrefused to do mili iary duty, but later he joined ;i) engineerl battalion on the 1tussin front, LATEST UNITED PRESS BULLETINS Waslhington, Jan. 18.-1Var prof its In( all governmentll contracts to the IlethlehenL Steel company will Ihe investigated by the warII labor J)board, Chairmani Taft has announced. Vlashington, Jan. 18.-"O(pen di pilomiituiy" ill the governmentll hiere a well as at the peace (onfrenltl'cei is de. ianided by senators at the packers hearing. Members of the senelll alg riulllltural conlnittee and F'clli .'i . lHee.n'y,. appearfing as a witness, at. tacked Fiood Admillistratlor IHooverl for lihollilg secret conferences with the pa;lckeis to fix lmealt prl'ices. Paris, alll. 18.-GerII an iiimerc.n11 t ships thlioughout the world are to b)e turnlled iover. for the period of tlie ill' llustice for the purpose of taking American lroops home and shipping foodstuftl's Eiropeward, inictcordlinlg to terms and agreement of armistisce delegatels signed att T'rves. RETURNED BOYS STAGE A RIOT (Special United Press Wire.) Nlosti.n. Jan. 18.--- Hu ndred of ueip.lviiiid, including 300 formvir army 'hiralffeurs, stormed thel city hall i,,lay in a ide oinstralian agailli iInIIlployLnettt. Fea;rinig vii leIinc , til city officials calledl uiit re serve i'' lii. forces, who held lthe niill in chi: : H n I r'ii fell into line and narhi l i',ward the city hull aimid shoautl , :iIi cheers. They demanlded the 1l, ,i'i"e of Mayor Peters. Ne.tirl 1,nn t;:ithered by the time ithe hall was r.,-;, !0ed. It is ulnderstood chauf feurs., f,.)rirly employed as civilians in thi.. ;I.ily service here, organized the deninstratlon. They took a load ing 1.ur in demanding "justice and fair i!Y.' City officials informed the demn stra'tors that if they would ap point ^ committee the mayor would receive it. Repiesentatives were ap pointid, going anto conference with lMIivor- iPraters. w iii Ii in ) rjlliit', Ii15', IIl, Was s~crinimh} iiflhccir l (i i's t;I allinig 1ii' \Iay 1, 1! 1 hr wa I i rige c dT I'o ande? ono n o Itliol Ut ltl ., This:,rnr~ji stilleil ill grave X'IuI Ii Iil purisoti, hei contit nued t'o wr'ite artice;u wvlichi were giver) (Continuaid on Page Two.) NEWSWR ITERS LOOM LARGE At Peace Table. Scrap Is on Between Wilson and Other Delegates. Secrecy Means War, Says Senator. Ily FlRED) S. 11EltIT'SON ( llited Press Stalff ('Correslpondent.) Paris, .tan. 18.-- The question of represenltation for the people thenm so lves, thllrough newspaper corres pondentsll, today took precedence lover every hlller problem before the peace confireillcn . The ilmportance of this iimateiir was evidenied biy the Iel't thait the league of nations, the Russian :;iluation and other vital subjet:; hn adi been subordinated to rechiiiit;gii ami lcable solution of the InuIt r ill which proceedings at the peace( tatil' are to be made public. I'fi"iiticlt Wil:; ln is udiielerstood to Ie I dtiiin;' the hight for one, of his principal points- "topllen covellants of lieao , I,)peily arrived t.''" There is every inlicatli)n that a satisfactory i ree'(elent will soon hl e rll eachied hl e tweoe I h, orrespondentI and the i 'lil) ' di' li t , ,l. (,'p'' i l 'litled P'ires;,; \ ii''. Was.hington, Jan. 17. ,H'S ec tiy ai the 'at'e cnlfiernc e mI' of s another worll wari," Snatlor liewii, Ildeoio- erati r \vliifp, df claredl litld y ili the lilte. Iha ichi od crilicir:;l of re, porhtd "hlll ing upi" of the placr <'nilf 'il'tce voiced by Sonator Borah of Idaho, lwho declaredl, with lewis, that ithe colitiin ation oif secret di p1illiila y lm 'nsiliS that the ldreamiiis of world pliac' will not cone trlt,. MONT1'I'.NA WEATHEtR. Generally fair Saturday and Sun day; colder Saturday and in east portion Sunday. Butte district--Mostly cloudy; prolbably rain. NORTH DAKOTA FIRST TO HAVE STATE OWNERSHIP (Special United Press Wire.) llislnlaruk, N. I)., Jan. 18.--ntato iownership faces its Ilrst great test in America. Seven antmendul.iis io the sla(t constitution, prl'ovid ing stalte-owlled banllks, flollur mnllb,, elevailtolrs, ines, andll otllherl indlus tries wait only (iovernor Frazie"t signature to becomlle la&v. Blesides state o(wnerlhilp, the lllendlmenlts incluhde the initiative and111 referen dum andllll tllx refornms. That only iGovernor Vrazier's signatIllre is nIeeded lllmeans that North Ihakota is the first. state in the unllion to IveC deimocracy. "NEEDNO AID" SAYS FINN CHIEF Finland Can Work Out Her Own Destiny and Needs Not Allied Junkers to Preserve Order. l,ondion. IDec. 29. (Ily Mail.)- "lIinland has now r:eaclled a position where she cail work (out 11her own(I des tliny. Sile Ilnoees lno assistanlce from outlsidte to Ipreserve order." 'T'hus General Mannerheimc, newly elected regellt of Finland a nd former whiter guard leader, sullled llp tilhe situation in Finland in an interview given the United Press. Allied troops will not be sent into Fin'lalnd, aIs reported, Gelleral Mall nerheimn declared. "Finland called upion Germlany," lie said, "simply to save lierself froml Russian bolshevism. The allies at that timlle were unable to help us. "The German interventllion was i military. not a plolitical, expedient. IFinland believed she had to choose b VWeetll (e Germlany and the bol slii'vists. She chose Germans. "I personally opposed inviting Germany in. I wanted Finland to worllk out her own salvation." General IMal[lllnnerhe(il did not know whether Finland would eventually Ibecomnle a rel)ublic o(r ia constitutional monarchy., "That is for the people themselves to decide," he said. "Within a. llonth we shall call a general election to form a new diet in which all classes will Ibe repre sentled," he explained. "We are especially bound to (. , United States," he said, "by the blood ties formed by thousands of our people who have emigrated to Amellerica. "'Thirty thousand Finns have fought under allied flags during the war-in American, British, French and Russian arlies. "\VWhat Finland needs from the I Tnited States now is food, not troops. We are on top of the situation ill Finland. The law-abiding elements have gained control and order has been restored throughout Finl!:d. We lhave adequate troops for public purllposes." German Damage to Belgium $12,000,000,000 (Special United Press Wire.) A msterda m, Jan. 18. - - Mathii ;lzherger, chairmlan of the Gerlan armistice commission, has informed his government that Marshal Foch estimated that the restoration of Bel gium will cost Germany $12,000, 00o0,000, and that other damages amount to $4,000.000,1!00. The al liies also are said to have demanded possession of Germllan railways and forest:l as seclrity. EIrzherger is re Iorted to have declared it impossible to accept these "severe economic conditions dut to I he unsettled polit ical situationl." Armistice Is Extended Germany One Month (Special United Press Wire.) Paris, Jan. 18.--The armistice with several important clauses added has been extended one month, it is officially announced. The clauses concerning agricultural material, Russian war prisoners, naval condi tions and recuperation of material taken from invaded districts have booeen signed. (1±icago,. lan. IS.---A gen 'ral strike .r'.ized laboor Il signiedl ', u l.alvze e' rr. in dustry ill lie (olntlrv, begin ning th ilthl of' tnext July, was lecided t.,in by the national labor lontl.re; 4 1; ' n °:.ls Of ohlaining a new 'liIl for 'li'hons Momtey and Wnar ren K. Billings if fede':d inter-* vention and every otti ' means aidopted io iprocure the desired relief fail. The convention authorized thie raising of a fund of $i, 1)00,00() to carry on a camn pI)aign of educa(ion to liberate the lIabor leaders.and to pro mlce lthe generl strike. The convention, which concluded its four-day session last night and adjourned, also adopted a resolution embodying a declaration of national policies affecting labor which de nmands that the people of Russia and Germany be permitte, to work out their own destiny; that American troops be withdrawn from Russia; that all political and industrial pris oners receive the same consideration as prisoners of war, and proclaiming the dawn of a new day for true de mocracy in which the rights of labor shall be fully recognized. The convention adopted the pro grat re onminended by the Internla tional Workers' Defense league to secure the liberation of Mooney and Billings, which was presented to the delegates in the final report of the committee on resolutions. It pro vided that a committee u' five labor representatives be named to go to Washington and ask President Wil son and ellnlbers of congress for fed eral intervention. The ('ommitt, c. Chairman Edward D. Nolan named the following committee to under take this work: John vitzpatrick, president of the Chicago Federation of Labor; Alex ander Howatt, ,'rcident of the Kan sas district, United Mine Workers of America; Martin J. Fly i-, president of the Washington di. trict, United Mine Workers of America; J. F. An derson, Washington, D. C., vice pres ident of the hI !,rna' anal Associa tion of Machinists: Andrew Furu seth, San FranciscC. president of the International SealL.en's union. Special Assistan.. Tile committee will ask that a spe cial assistant Tlye 1l A.taLes attot ney general be appt...,ed to oblain Mooney)'s and iillin ' releant by halbeaS corpus or othe. ,le. as in or der that they il'vr have new trials in a court out ble , (':^1':ornia. The legi. 1KI'rs ,; California will be asked to 'ass a law which will en able the courts of that stai: to grant new trials in cases where convic lions are obttini I). perjured evi dence or othb.e, :;,,'lduient means. If these hi-" .s Pail, then organized labor will l:B asked to ,'all the gen eral strike. The plan of the Interna tional Wul kers' Defense league is that the gcnr.:'al strike will not be _alled unlest every other means to secure the labor letaders' release has failed. Want Indorsement. The American Federation of La bor will be asked to indorse the gen eral strike at its next ai:nual con vention. MORE TROUBLE IN PETROGRAD (Special United Press Wire.) Stockholm, Jan. 1R.-Bolsheviki forces are retreating in Esthonia, due to a counter revolution which has broken out in Petrograd, accord ing to a Helsingfors dispatch. It is believed the bolshevik government may need strong forces to suppress uprisings and that this is the reason for recalling the Esthonian army. Diplomatic advices brought the first word of a revolt against bolsheviki rule in Petrograd. Street fighting is reported. Spirit of Liebknecht Goes Marching On Loudon. Jan. 18.--There are ap prehensions in Berlin of a general strike and uprisings to avenge the deaths of Dr. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, the Spartacan leaders, according to a Copenihpgen dispatch to the Exchange Telegrtph company. It- 4 doubtful if the elec tions to the ]atLonal=.assembly can' be held oz Sundtay because of the tre, mendous ecitelmnent.