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Ctat it ue Jdt Ithddia
Issued every evening, exeept Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO.
Baterd a Seeaond-Class Matter December 18, 1917, at the Posteflas at Batte, Mosntea.
Under Act of Marsh 8, 1879.
P ON1 N
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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19, 1919.
"SQUARE DEAL" CANDIDATES
For.a better andt cleaner city in whiich i live. for civic
righteousiness in municipal aff'airs, vole I',r the following
MAYOR .................................. W . F. DUNN
TREASURER ................JAS. J. McCARTHY
POLICE MAGISTRATE ..........MIKE ALLEN
18T WARD .................JOHN T. SULLIVAN
2D WARD .......................BARRY O'LEARY
3D WARD- ............ BERNARD McVEIGH
4TH WARD .........................CON LYNCH
5TH WARD .................... ULRIC NADEAU
6TH WARD ...................WALTER A. KYLE
7TH WARD .................. E. E. CARLISLE
8TH WARD .................... E. G. JOHNSON
(Paid Political Advertising.)
YES, JUST ONE.
The Miner said edlitlorially yeslerdaly noring Iliat Ithere is
.just one issue involved in this municipai(ill canllpaig alnd that
is loyaltiy against dlisloyallty.
For onc(e we mulst agree with lithe Miner. t11 is a questiion
of lIoyally or dishloyalty to the instliiiations and tradilions
handed diown by the designers and1 architects of this goverin
The contest is lailcti(aill)y Ietl\\een tI\~ cadlidatles-tw-o
candi(dates ''hi represent the two cotlending interests in outr
Each eandlidle is sullplorted lby the press that; is owned or
controlled by the interest whichl lie represents ---.a press ablout
which, in this conllunitiy, there is ilt, liistake.
One erelresents the interests of' those who own the mna
chinery of.production sand distribution. l
The other represents, the..inlerests.o, ,those who, mnustl sell
their labor power to the orit'iern'ofi the bnrlth.
()lie is loyal to the interests of those \\llo naintaii ai rust
ling cnard and blacklist sy'sltem ito weed oult and starve oiiut
every man with an inldepenldeint slpiril, who will stand upll and
defend his rights or advise otlher menI to( do so: the interests
that maintain lprivate armlies of gunmen iIo inlimidate and
browbeat woirkers: thatt eprt w'orkintgmen in cattle cars-
workingmlen with Liberty ho.nds in their pockets; interests
that suppress free speech and free assemblage; that rale aii
hiontest ballot to get conitrol iof legislative bodies; that main
lain lobbiies to lfight child labor laws; that bribe legislatures,
suborn judges, overriide the laws and1l make of ilustice a joke.
Tlhe othlier is loyal lto the interests of the inillions of toiling
workers, \'who Iear the b)urdens o., tihe Worhl; who delve in
the mines to bring for1h the tisehl nmetals; who hew the t'or
ests and saw the luimber: wiho tiil in lhe s\veaishops andl fae
tories andtl stores aInd offices: \\hi(, Ilnw 11\Vll sa w andllli gather
the harvests; \Itwho build and 1an1 the railroads andl ride the
ships in the winter's stlrm--- thie iiltereslts of Ihe pilai, ciln
Inoii woirking lpeople, whom Abe Lincolnl said the Lord iimst
have loved because lie made so unny of Ithelm.
Yes, it is a lquestlion of lioyallty all rightI---loyalty io Ilie
spirit of the constitultion li or loyally to those interests that say.
'"To hell with thle -co listi liin.'
FREEDOM AND FREEDOM.
Abstra.clions and high sounlding~ phasJes have ever bCeenI ,eIC
of the means of the ruliIng (lass to deceive and lull the op
pressed int tilhe sleelp.of ignorwance. This 'as true of the
Patrician senators and the wealthy plebs 1' those \vwho I'.llCtioned
as chief deceivers in the fuledal period. biil the rulling classes
of the past were only amateurs ill compalrisonll it \\illthe Iour-11
goeis. They were as chiltlrenl in the kiiidergarten to post
gIradluates ini college. To the bourgeois me11st he given the
highest honors t'or word ca(mtIn'lIlinIg., andl IIto he 'leadling
lights" of the Ipeace co(nl'erenle. thle iron crosses iof excellence,,
for they are the world's greatest past masters at jtlgliong
words to deceive the workers.
Take fur instance those abstrueliu4Is kInon as tlreeddhl alind
liberty, equality and fraternity. Sl.lgans thalt were used ill
particular during tilhe French revolution and ever since tril'inly
falling from thile topngues of lpoliticians, dildomats, statesmlen.l
and others culturled inll the art of potlite lying.
Now in the first place nothiIng is absolute. There is no such
thing as absolute freedom or liberty. There can he but rel
ative freedom. A greater or' lesser liberty. There is olthiiI-g
in the universe free of the rest oI' all other things. Everything
' Is directly-or irnliectlly related to 'everytling else. Evr.y
:tom inlldirectly influences every otlher atom and is influenced
"thereby, consequently from the minutest to'the greatest bl.Rly
in the unlimited comes everytlhing is more or less contriolle(I
and ruled by everything else.
One often hears the phase of "as flree as tilhe winds," lwhereas
as a matter of facts the matter in motion that constitute the
winds is but tilhe unquestioning slave o(, cosmic law.
Some believe tilhe savage and thle barbarian to he free, but
not so. He is the mental and physical slave of the natural
Ilhenomea over which he has no control, and having- no
knowledge suffers the most fearful menial as well as physical
tortpres.. But though he is. a savage, relatively he is freer
thi. th fanifala'ais" tnhe"' 3lW'r r+tatively freer than inor
ganic matter. Power over nature means greater freedom,
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMIERICA-Loals: Sand Co0leS
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein.
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, tdi*;.
MACHINISTS' HELPERS' UNION-Great Falls,L
CEREAL WORKERS-Groat Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte and Miles City.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livinguton, butte.
BAKE ' t Falls.
SHOE reat Falls.
PLAS RS' N-Great Palls.
RAILWA CAR1 PAIRERS-Ltvinpton.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte and Bozeman.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte.
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION (Independent)-Butte.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION--Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKE~SB-BUTTIE.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and Liv
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION. LOCAL NO. 270-Butte.
AND THOUSANDS OP INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
LAUNDRY WORKERS UNION, NO. 25--Butte.
"roviding flthat power ldoes not simply become tIle instrument
wherleby a ifew eli Joy greater luxuiry, at the expense of tlhe
millions of thie nlluiy.
Again we say, thal freedtlo is re'lliive, alnd the choncepts of
(e(onolmliii aindi s(ial ifreedn.ii are determined by lie economic
iand social ipoisitiion of the cltasses ini society.
The itdeas of freedonl of the pilialist class are nlot. only
deadlyill ill ciitracldicitioiii to those iof the class coiiscions prole
Iariatli and the inistiiils of the working class inll general, blut, over
the "sources" front whichi arise these concepts, there is a
iiigihly hallie, the battle oft the classes.
The liberty and freedom idoeas of the bourgeois sprang from
Iheir desires for flreedoml of trade, fretdonm to pliundler the
\vwrkliing class w\ilihoiut restraint; fledollm to carry capitalism
to the four colrniors of the earlh; freedom to write, speak, and
espouse i the ideology of capital: freedlom to fool. rule and rob
withoi t ililrtecl'fre('e : fre inoI l Ill exl ilt. This meant the
polii.a lliiiithio h of the ctpitialist class, which poweVr was
evenii.ailly gainedl . and tIheretore fro .. tliie point of the capi
Ilisn a sli. slt I'ireedonm, ireachelid.
litl they are fools for thIlir ideas of freedom are but tranrs
ielit aliitd iiist give way to those of the rising Ilproletariat just
as social l'product ioi n I icessilaites scial control: just as ma
chline produlll tlion and ctonceiitralitoed capital climiiiiites the cap
italists I'roili useful parlicipalntis aindil through the lpower of the
workt.iing class will bIe olverthlrown, so Ihe inaugullrationl of in
tenai'l ihlial socialism will brinig new forms of freeidom, liberty,
eqluality aid fraterniity.
The workiing class ideas of fe'l'edohl. 4'jse frotii the fact that
they are the oily producers of weath h.i ýel .. ti have con
trol ovcer tlie iiachines of lprodllctiorL .aLid ti btl ion that they
opelralte that Ithe workilng class bcigts Iask. lto eiman
citalte itself' imean s frooediiom to atll lt iuaw ~ilyfyt capitalist
polilt Ic frechomhi is i imiickery so lonig as the wVorkers are in
dustrial slaves: that the doiiniation o n utu i''.atuiral phe
uiimeina iiIi economic sicial relation.i, i ill.ir.g a higher
llloln of I'reledom;ll a freedlilll nie\cver knlown toI Ihe world before;
a power over the very laws, which. todayiv, r_ and curse
iigiuai nit y.
uist as thei savage sufferelld wih fiire but eventually niade it
hiis friend bly nriderstaiidnlin aiid controlliing it,' so hiumanity
sulffers today from social iiinl economic pheiinomena which once
colintrolled will turn ifrom an eiiemy iinto a friend.
We deninulil equality ini industry ald equality in society and
this ca.ii nevei r cne unt lil onur views of frccdonm have over
Ihriw\ those of' the capitalist class.
Thlis will not brinlg absolute freedom to tihe hliman race, biut
relative \with thai l of callitalismit it will he a million fold
greater. It. will be ias the sun to the glow worm.
BILL CAMPBELL FINDS COMIVPETITION.
We are in receoipt, of a cireuilaar from lie Montana Loyalty
league, W\ill A. Campbell, secretary.
It alppears troim lihe tenor of tlhe aforesaid circular that some
one else besides 1Hill (Campbii ell has disovoerel what soft money
lhere is to be made by establishing paItriotism and that the
virgin territory from which lill anid his .hlerts have secured
inuy large and .Ijicy simoleons has beeni invaded by a inaur
arder, a worldly businesslike plerson, wholi. I ill siays ldai ilive
ly, is out merely to make money for hinmsell'."
Little cwolnder that Bill Campbell. the tireless searcher for
those iof' weak inentality and well-filled purses, who fall into
a trance when Hill makes a cou.ple passe. with the flag, is
lpreved that, what hlie regards as his own special graft. muast
he cut fitly-'fifty.
()It heart is with Bill in this, his h11,tr oi trial, but such
lhings are bould In haplleni.
lIeilorable as it may be, cou.mpeilioim inevitably arises in
these luerative indtlustries.
\e lfear lthai much as we w\\'olhd like to assist the unselfish
William in his noble wo'rk of comlbaltitn everything in the
ntllre of porogress, that in this partictIlar matter we can be
of but little material aid.
Comtpetition is tile life of trade. T're field worked by these
(.ll-rest Iaborers inl the vineyard is a rihlt one, for it appears
It at evei lthe hard-headed banker fall; ail easy prey to the
'edlctive wiles oif tlhe inigraliating \\'illiatu.
Live and let live is ai good maxim andl \\w see no reason why
Mr. Campbell should cause the arrest an.l incarceration of a
l'etlae'. :prolphot:ewho, perhaips in a hlinutle way, is trying to
I servc'tilho.saim. grod worshipped by thlie levoi'ttl William.
The iname of the god is Mamnmoit. 'IThe sixth floor is his
\While the farmers and workers we\\te ;nuctioning off their
SIt litical strength to one of tlhe old pa'nic. I tlie special interests
stood behind the scenes and said: "Tlnys. y,, can promise all
Syou waanl to. but you can't deliver more htian 30 cents' worth.''
1 Thil's iwhy lthe people have never gotten iure than 30 cents'
Swort .l of replresentation front the old Irlites.
They dtlo say that even being born in Missouri might not
S.preclude a man from being an efficient pablic servant.
1, The fictlion of the consumer is to Ite csumed.
OPEN FORUM 1
This Column is conducted for
and a.itten by Bulletin readers.
If you have any suggestions to of
fer for the betterment of condi
tions in which the public in inter
ested, the Bulletin offers you this
opportunity for their expression
and interchange of comment with
your neighbors and friends.
Properly to protect this Open
Forumi all communications !hust
be signed with the name and ad
dress of the writer, but anony
mous signatures will be used in
the col inf reques . ,ress
all ce cations 'thbi Iitor
of the B lltin and please be brief
and to the point.
THE MAYORALTY CONTEST.
Citizens of Butte! On the 24th
day of March the question of local
government will be up for you to
determine. President Lincoln said
at the close of the Civil war: "The
war has closed, but I see a power
rising in this country, and I fear for
its future." How prophetic was th.
vision of this greatest of all Ameri
cans! That power has fastened one
of its tentacles upon industrial Butt-.
In the past 30 years it has woven it:;
slimy folds about the lives of the
people in such a manner, that th"
chosen servants of the people are
subjected to influences that are de
grading to themselves, and demoral
izing to the public welfare. Puny
creatures, who have been elected to
positions of trust by the confiding
and trustful people, due to the
boisterous professions of their loyalty
to the people's interests, though ac
tuated solely by deceit, greed and cu
pidity for fame at the public's ex
pense are now offering upon the auc
tion block the power of the people
that they may thieve and prosper at
the hands of those who seek to domi
nato the free will of a city, county
-One-half a century ago, Butte was
a deserted mining camp. Its popu
lation then was men and women, who
braved the dangers of the thenl
sparsely settled west. They feared
nothing but the wild beast and sav
age red men. Here they planted the
foundation of the city of Butte and
the state of Montana. Fifty years
have passed away and the new city
and new state are in the constant
throes of corporation terrors, aided
by their private army of gunmen.
Corporations are creatures of law
and exist only through the tolerance
of the people. They must be com
pelled to live under the laws of the
state in which they operate. They are
not endowed with legislative powel
outside of making rules regulating
their corporate "management and
subject to the laws of the state.
Whenever they exceed these laws by
overriding the free and untram.
melled exercise of the sacred rights
of citizenship their charters should
The people are awakening to the
pernicious practices of many years'
standing. Thejr are contemplating
the initiation of a law that will abol
ish private armies within the state
of Montana. Another law will be in
itiated abolshing the rustling card
system, which is the most un-Ameri
can instrument ever forced on a citi.
zen of these United States and an in
sult to the founders of our govern
The decent people of Butte have,
elected W. F. Dunn to the legislature
from this county. They did this in
the face of all the fraud and coward
ly intimidation of corrupt individ
uals. He represents the true spirit
of American manhood and, havin,
been born in Missouri, in choosing
him for mayor of Butte he will show
all good citizens that our city can be
Butte, Mont., March 10.
As I read in the Butte Whiner the
other day how Nerny and Hageman
withdrew from the race for mayor I
could see that the A. C. M. was at
it again in its foul play to get the
spoils they have started on their
first trfck. If it wasn't for Dunn
you could easy see that just like the
skypilot that wrote bolsheviki, or
Jesus Christ you could put them all
in a pot and which one came out win
ner it would be all the same for the
A. C. M.
But, Dunn, you already made two
quit and you will make Safety First
or Barracksman Cutts quit before
you are through. Go after him, Dunn,
the whole of Butte is with you. Only
watch their foul tactics. I will tell
you one instance. I had the honor
of working with a young fellow (i
won't mention his name just now).
He was from the central part of Mor
tana, and in his life he met a man
named Higgins, who happened to be
deputy weight and measure inspector
for western Montana. So the young
fellow decided to come to Butte. He
met this man Higgins, who took him
to the cigar store below Hennessy's
and there were quite a few playing
cards there, among them was one
Roy Alley. So Higgins brought his
man up to Alley and said: "Here is a
man for you," so they got acquainted
and retired to the rear room, wherc
Alley stated his terms and told the
young fellow he wanted to see him on
When election day came the young,
fellow was there with two or three
others. and they were each given a
list of names of those who lad died
or left town, old fMen and young
men. Alley told them: "If you get
arrested there will be a friend there
to shake your hand and bail y~4 out,
a friend you never saw befori, and
you will never be brought to trial.
That is all there will be to it." So
they went fromt one precinct to an
other voting names of mnen old
enough to be their fathers, but noth
ing was said to them. After theii.
job was performed they all went to
the livery barn behind the Florence
hotel, their meeting place, and from
there they went to a room in the
rear of the Cyrus Noble saloon, where
they got pretty well intoxicated. The
young fellow was promised a job, but
the best he got was a tough job load
ing, but by being a steady worket
he Anfinaly got on the motor, where I
GENERAL INFORMATION FOR
WATCHERS AND CHECKERS
Before receiving any ballots the judges must, in the pres
ence of any persons assembled at the polling place, open and
exhibit the ballot box and remove any contents therefrom,
and then close and lock the same, delivering the key to one of
their mhembers and thereafter the ballot box must not be re
moved from the polling places or presence of the bystanders
until all the ballots are counted, nor must it be opened until
the polls are finally closed.
The judges must be legal voters in the precinct where the
election is held.
No person whatsoever shall do any electioneering within
any polling place or in any building in which an election is be
No person shall remove any ballot from the voting place be
fore the closing of the polls.
No elector shall receive a ballot from any other person ex
cept the judges having charge of the polls.
No elector shall vote, or offer to vote, any ballot except such
as he has received from the judges having charge of the ballots.
No elector is at liberty to use or bring into the polling place
any non-official sample ballot.
Any elector who by accident or mistake spoils his ballot may
by returning his spoiled ballot, receive another in place thereof.
Any elector who declares to the judges, or when it appears
that he cannot read or write, or that because of blindness or
other disability, he is unable to mark his ballot, but for no
other cause, must upon request, receive assistance of two of
the judges who shall represent different parties, in the mark
ing thereof, and such judges must certify on the outside there
of that it was so marked with their assistance.
The judges must receive the ballot, and before depositing
it in the ballot box must, in a loud tone of voice, announce the
name, and also the residence of the person voting, and the
same must be recorded on each poll book.
Any person offering to vote may be orally challenged by any
elector of the county, upon any of the following grounds:
1. That he is not the person whose name appears on
the register or check list.
2. That he is an idiot or insane person.
3. That he has voted before that day.
If the challenge is on the ground that he not the person
whose name appears on the official register, the judge must
tender him the following oath: "You do swear that you are
the person whose name is entered on the official register and
If the challenge is on the ground that the person has voted
before that day, the judges must tender the person challenged
this oath: "You do swear that you have not voted before this
If the party challenged takes the oath, he is entitled to vote.
If he refuses to take the oath, or refused to be sworn and to
answer the questions touching matters of his residence, he
must not be allowed to vote.
If the challenge be determined against the person offering
to vote, the ballot must without examination be destroyed in
the presence of the person offering the same.
The judges must cause the clerks to keep a list showing the
names of all persons challenged, the grounds of such challenge,
the determinations of the judges upon the challenge.
Any person violating any of the matters hereinbefore pro
hibited are guilty of a violation of the election laws of the state
of Montana, and any citizen seeing and hearing a violation of
any of these provisions, is authorized, under the law, to arrest
the offender, and to deliver him to the county jail of Silver
Bow county, Montana.
As soon as the polls are closed the judges must immediately
proceed to canvass the votes given at such election. THE
CANVASS MUST BE PUBLIC IN THE PRESENCE OF BY
8TANDE:RS, AND MUST BE CONTINUED WITHOUT AD
JOUFNME:NT UNTIL COMPLETED AND THE RESULT
TJIERE:OF IS PUBLICLY DECLARED.
In making the count the ballots must be opened singly by
one of the judges, and the contents thereof, while exposed to
the view of the other judges and the bystanders, must be dis
tinctly read by the judge who opens the ballots. As the bal
lots are read the clerks must keep by tallies, on a sheet in the
tally book, the number of votes cast for each person.
had the honor of meeting him.
So there you are Mr. Citizen. Thai
is the kind of people the Butto Whin
er upholds in this struggle to keep
you down. There could be a, whole
lot more told, but the others were
given goou jobs with good pay to
keep their mouths shut.
That is the kind of opposition Mr
Dunn has to contend with, so Goda
speed him on his journey to the seat
We need another Duncan and you at
the man to take his place. You
made a great impression upon the
working men of Seattle when you
spoke there last year. They idolize
you, so it is up to the people of. Butte
to let the world know they have a
great man amongst them. The A. (:
M. fears you; they are terribly
afraid of you. They would do to yot,
what was done to Frank Little, but
the assassins are too cowardly to
come out again, and when you gel
into office clean out that dirty bunch
that sits in the city halil and abusee
people and beats them and upholds
the A. C. M. in the dirty political
Do the same as Duncan did. HIe
cleaned it out, but the A. C. M. got
them back to continue their dirty
work. So out with them all. They
are all out to beat you in this elec
tion, so show them that they are the
And to the skypilot who wrote boi
sheviki or Jesus Ghrist, give me bol
sheviki. If the likes of that fellow is
put on earth to preach politics he
should turn toward Jesus and sec
him looking over the field of bullets
and guns, saying "In my pame after
1,900 years they are still butchering
each other," and "Thou Shalt No.
Kill." See what they did in politics
in France, in Spain and in Mexico.
They should profit by that lesson anm
stay out of politics. Their game is
a great one and a great graft and
they, too. like the capitalist are
afraid of their job and they will have
to get out and earn their daily breao.
Anyway they are the next step to
capitalism. They are there to foot
the people like the Butte Whiner.
Well, Mr. Skypilot, do as Chr;st
said: "Go out and heal the sick and
raise the dead" and not be preaching
about bolsheviki and your job
might last a little longer. Well, I
No Middle of the Road.
Allied statesmen, who are looking
for a middle ground between capital
ism and bolshevism, should heed the
words of Nicholas Tschaikowsky,
president of North Russia.
"We have no common ground with
the bolsheviki; there is only one
settlement possible between us;
either we prevail over them, or they
prevail over us."
Tschaikowsky is talking sense
the same sense that Lincoln talked in
1858 when he said: "No house divid
ed against itself can stand; either
this nation must be all slave or all
Europe cannot exist part capital
ist and part socialist. The issue is
drawn; the conflict is on. Compro
mise is futile, because there can be
no effective compromise between the
spirit of autocracy represented by
modern capitalism and the spirit of
democracy, represented by the work
ing class governments of Europe.
Europe will be ruebd by the pluto
crats or by the workers, and the
present struggle will continue until
a decision is reached. The line of
social evolution leads inexorably to
ward the ultimate victory of the
Italy has declared a general am
nesty for all its political and inde -
trial prisoners. Why should demo
cratic America allow a monarchy to
be ahead of her in this enlightened