Newspaper Page Text
____I THE BBULLETIN'S DOUBLE PAGE OF N
Demand Equal Pay, MIini
mum Wage and Shorter
Work Day. Will Enforce
By DON E. CHIAMlI1II'LAIN.
(United Press Staff Correepondent.)
L.olono0, March 28. ( By Mal. )
British \working womellltn are out to)
comlpete withl -n for jobs 1 -- ) . I
basis of .equality. Equal payI for both
sexes is their slogan.
And includedl in their programlll i:
lldemalnd for a inimilllll \vwage and »D
shorter working atlay.
Miss Jessie Steph( n,=. gen:"ral or
ganizer of a number of women i' r;ld
untions, replrese ting ;1 total mll( rleb -
ship of 70,000, said to thi I1 'itl
"The war has clltngte the labor
situition as regards I(11n anti women·
The workinig wOman'sn positi)on i)
Great Britain toilly is a gr. aIt II
prove' Ilnt on tha1t11 huil by hti I b
fore the war. Ii t'tvious w\rill0'.1 X I li
en have taknl the pIl:le tr Io'll ilm 1
have eventually ten forced bIa(c to
their' old ecollnolic slavery. |In Ihl.
present war., however', n (ll4l) ha:\
taken t(he placeII s of m5Il ill . ';1 r'
tlnb11111 r t ihan i ailly othe p11 It 1 inll
the country's ]hi ltory. T'l It ha (,
gl e( into oCM"lll ti)n , lnd O fofoi) 'ion?:
\vhicq wOver( alwa ( sacrd 1o n! alný
1 UNION LABEL
and be assured it was not
made in a sweat shop
UNION MADE GOODS AND WHERE SOLD
Dollar Shirt Shop Palace Clothing MEN'S HATS
Rialto Theater Building and Shoe Store
"Greenhood" 53-55 E. PARK STREET NICKERSON
"Black Bear" lli, Shos and - THE HATTER
Bl c er nishings of' ll Ikinds with
Braud Union-nimde Shirts the Union 1bel 112 W. PARK STREET
CHICAGO SHOE STORE BIG 4
7 S. MAIN ST.
UPHOLD 17 W. PARK STREET
UnionMadeShoes YOUR UNION MADE
FOR BROTHER AND lials, (ils, Ties, -Work or
WORK AND DRESS SISTER IN lDress Sliirls, Suspendcrs.
B()\eralls, itilotii ig,, uiand
BRANCH 43 E. PARK ST. THE FACTORY Clothing.
K0 STORE TO BUY GOODS
THAT ARE NOT
24 E. PARK ST. MADE UNDER
Union Made UNION
Union Made Meolns Furnishings of All
Clothing, Shooes, ats, CONDITIONS K(inids
Overalls, I lpelrs. ciloves 27 Park
Suspendrs, etc.W. t.
__-__ - I_ eBON WITr i THE
We can outfit you from
SEND YOUR head to foot at the UNION LABEL
~1(JOB W ORK _Let ,. .tak . ou Spring , uits at
JOb WORKries That S'I) Ecnmy
S E. Pak St. .it .!11. C(I l ti' Manager
_I __ _ _ E. ",,,'k__. (S.) WFSiAF 14rRK ST.
ASK FOR SHIRLEY WALK-OVER
HOLSOM BREAD CLOTHES SHOP SHOES
14 N. MAIN ST.
For sale by all dealers U I
lade by Union Made Suits UNION MADE
HOME -BAI(ING CO. and Hats UN w.Ost MAr ES.
h1ive proved I theliselves, in 1li
cases., every ibit as: capable ort' t I
lOroe caplable than ittl.
"The timne has long Ipas.:el her
women could he induced to ac((llnitslt
in a lower standard of wag'.. Vuln
Int aret out to cotilplte with Illen f1i:
jobs oiln equal t(rnms--- etlqual pay fai
cord wiih thel( men( for a lii nlllll
wage and shortet l (tIt ilt g day. 't
aid in actit'h ill t 1hi:s, Ilhey. ar .oini
ing tradet uniolns in hlrtge tltllI.(r.
Never ,eftort- itn the hitory I of t!ttt tl
uniitnsl in 1ritain have so mialty V. ti
ein Iben- or;g nized industrially. T'lit
Natlional Fle:: al tion of V`," omn
.orikers has quldtlruilehd it ts lelbcer
Wotlltttn 'will tnot return to Drt-witt
tainditions. They are( organizing with
the full intention of lstriking to ob
aiin their demt;iinds, if they are not
utl-tldedI Iby negotiations; if ihda ftilts
they still have thei vote to fail back
upllon. \e have only beet (nfran
h Ii: I i t ft w 0onIits, buit we lihat
ttarnted already tho vallue of [the po
hlticel !0;ilon, whe!n lused in conjullile
tion with tlhe t riko.
"\V;tr work hast doni wi otiln Itloirt
o 1t l1han htarmt. tihey htav'e bee.i
0 1 tti o retalize ill a Iriy vivid Italn
el,ur hIow n .:cessarl'y Ithey are to the
i\( !l-bt ining of It( v.'lhol, c;tnlnttlll ity.'
'T'he numb'ler of women aetually
tking iont's jobs dturing i.ie watr wa,
1 , 16,000, of whom 5:31.00t ar'
lets:sifietd l tndtt.r lh(11 hitnlnua ilndus
triei.; 5r 2,0( 11!. Ulnder colli rc e,l'(' aind
1 ,7.100 undei: |(r gtVer nln int estbi!ri)lis'h
1ll addition to lthese .gulr's, inew
!nployment was found for 1,5%2,
lilt wo-mlnll and gil s, dividet d t fol
Iows: Indtustrites, 53I7,t000; Conu
nierce, n,5t.(000(); govIernliment estabt
ishnl its. 197,000. The oIlls.;l st ik
ing iilncerlases, in tthose .lphertls 'whlert
Vneti . awe'e lnot gsl,(h oaetployted for
merly. ar': til(: gas, water and public
;tilitit.s co lrporationsI , v:hich in p'e
var days (llployed only 600. F1our
tliousanld substitutes for inali, labor
were found, and new jobs created for
The Itramways formerly emnphloyed
1,200 women, but ýtey tiook on 17,
000 "substitutes,'' and found new
employment for another 18.100,.
('openhllagi enil . - n plll. Il. enl l nl -.
ing the year 1918 wv'as bad lenooagh,
but since the beginning of this year
has steadily increased to suchi alarm
ing proportions as to overshadow all
other questions and problems. The
nlaximumn of 1n1l(,Iloyed dluring dif
ficult periods before this was 50,OO,.
Nov: the numlllber has gone beyond
0,(000, and the end is not yet. The
governme nt is frantically trying to
mlet the sitati oIln. Laws have Ibeen
passed for subsidizing labor union
benelit funds, fo:; e.sablishing gov
ernmental e(taploy lnllt bureaus, for
loaning money to various conminun
ities to Inablle them to und .'take
public w\orks, etc. Conferenlcees have
b!eeln sumnlnlllloed at the mlinistry of the
interlior b(-t\w'(el reprel!l senta.!ive:; of
the trades unions and the emllllluoer,'
assueialtions ill the holp of relieving
(hle situalion. No one will venture
to pre dilit what t will all lead to.
Madrid.-- Conce.si.i s till along th.
line to tlhe worker: have resultled in
the calling olf of thile general strike
ill Barcelona. The workers were Isuc
oessful in having a lilitlillum wa.ge.
est blished. in co n~m .ilire th, .e ,
ernient to demobilize imnmediately
all strikerl, called to the color- anId
in :eclrinlg aI pledge that enmphloyers
.-ill adlopt no repri:Eals.
APPROPRIATIONS OF 57 BILLIONS
SHOWN BY CONGRESSIONAL REPORT
Big Points in Review of Last Two Years Published by
Government. Washington Labor Fights Autocracy in
School Board. New Floor Leader Asks Members for
Plans. Labor Member Comes Back From Pennsyl
vania. Some Details of New Air Mail Plans.
(Special to th' Bulletin.)
Washington, April 9.--Some folks i
may think, from a hasty glance at
the contents of theiir wallets, that
the Sixty-fifth congress didn't do
much for the country except to carry
out the suggestion-. of the president
in connection with the war. But the
compendium just published by the t
government prillting office shows t
that the late congress was in session i
just 87 per cent of the entire two i
years of its existence, and that it ap- a
propriated $57,000ts.00,000, conduct- t
ed 32 congressional investigations, c
and passed 48 puhlic resolutions, 349 c
pIulblic laws and 4S private laws. e
During its existence the United I
States went to war, fought the war,
entded the war, and engaged in the at
tem;pt to establish a league of na- 1
Here are a few it mis in the list of
"'notable dates" in this volume:
March 21, 1917 -Proclamation by
the president, calling extra session.
April 2--President addressed con
April 6---House passed joint reso
lution declaring war ' to exist. Signed
by the president immediately upon
April 24--Presidelit signed bill
:authorizing first issue of Lib.rty
hr,'nds and providing loans for the
.\lay 15 S--elective draft hill sign
,tune 15 -Presidlent signed hill ap
propriating $3.281,094,541 for the
military and naval establishments on
aceount of war expenses. Up to this
time this was the largest approprin
tiont act knowi in this or any othiler
couintry. It i'cluded $450,000,000
fir' a governlit enlt-ownl ed merchant
Julne 15- Espioniage hill signed.
Augl. 10 Foodil survey and food
toitrol bills signed,
Oct. 6 President sign(t c bill pro
viding military and naval family al
lovwatce, cont n:iiisatiion and insu'r
'e i't'e .
I('e. 7 --Tv.uoluition declaring wnar
on Aulstria-Htunigarly adopted anld
Hi.- ic'vents ,of 1918.
Jan. 4- President W Vilson addies::
ed congress ioni governmlllent control
of crailrouad: during' the wllr.
J niil: S. I',esi:ident ouiliined to con
grets, !his 14 poinls of a possible
placi e P ttlemellt.
March 21.--Presiden t signed bill
giving gOvellrnlent fulll control of
railroads and otherl transportatiol.
May 2oi -Selective draft act
amlndctj to cover men reaching their
July 9-- Iteached high-water mnark
in single alpclropriations, with signing
of bill giving $12,000,000,000 for
support of army during year ending
iJuly 1, 1919.
July 10 --President signed bill
placing telegraphs and telephones
and radio comin mu inications under
Aug. :l- -Draft law extended to
cover all mlen between 18 and 45
Nov. II President announced in
address to congress that the war had
endedil, allld read the armistice terms.
liec. 2 -Congress met. President
\Vilson detlivered a general address
and startted for Paris.
Feb. 21I, 1919--President. return
ing from F'rance, signed' $6,000,000,
1000 tax hill.
March 4---President signed wlleat
price guaratnty bill. carrying appro
priation of $1,000,000,000. Congress
adjeurned sine die.
TEACHEIIIR EXPELLED) FORl VII,1'S
Miss Alice Wood, teacher of Eng
lish in the western high school here
amlong \\hlose pupils are numtceroU
clhildren of congressmen and othe:
federal Igovernment officials, was re
cently s3'itspe.lnded, without a htearing,
by the dit rict board of education. It
wats ch:trged that she had told her
pupils lthit it would be miore useful
to di.scuts the Russian revolution
than tihe politics of ancient Rome.
The hotrd, in a circular letter, warn
d all Iteachers against discussing
tIolsh.t i -tll or the leag ele of nations.
F'ide.trli: ELnployes' union No. 2,
withl 1,,I00 local tlmembers, mIost of
t 'I heads of resident famlilies,
adoptid tesolutions denouncing the
hoard for its attemlpt to prevent dis
Irlssitoll of current history. The
Iligih St'tool Teachers' union de
Il lllt , , ;I rehearing of the case. Pro
lt:;.. ainst "conviction without
trial" i:a\ve finally led tile boatld to
CO'~in ,-' that high school teachers
tmay i:, e"eforth say what they like
ho)llt the' league of nations, Rlussian
ho:lt, e-iti or the Clemeuceau min
iitrl i. France, or anyone else prom
inet l tile umaking of current his
\\4fl.1) AVOID NEW TAIII'IF.
1i sr.t:;ntative George M. Young
of \t hI I)akota, meinber of the ways
"nd h liio tnS cOtll nittee il ' the new
h I - . dioes not believe that the
trit -;lllld he taken up by tile re
i:h! ,ts, at this time. HIe holds
'h;li ihtn there is no chance flthaint any
r'pltilbli'an tariff measure will escape
Pr ' iJi it Wilson's veto, thle carty
-lho!'.i dlevote its legislative efflorts
lto t!p,,o immediate and practical
i1i .i, t , for removing unoemploy
tllll :,ild speeding un business.
"a \vt were to ratify the scientific
tin1ti t of the tariff commission as
tro 'i', details,'.' said Young, "tlce
!i i'-i itt mightct sign such a bill. But
iiun',' we stop with the commalission't
I : i c-iions, no tariff measure will
b icii,,. law during this congress.
Chen why devote time to that sub
"Tariff will never again divide the
American people as a great political
ssue. We are all protectionists in
iome degree. The Underwood tariff
ict probably represents prtetty nearly
he degree of protection that can h:
naintained if our new merchant'
narine is to come home with good
nstead of with rock ballast. Some
amendments must be made, of course
.o insure American production in
ertain lines in which we have felt
nur dependence-- such as the dye in
lustry. But in general we must now
ook at the needs of the countries
with whom we propose to trade quite
is much as at our own industrial
The republicans in the house are
livided on this question of putting
)ff indefinitely the revision of tariff
;chedules. Chairman Fordney of the
ways and means committee, a
staunch protectionist, wants the
light begun at once. His associates
ire mostly committed to a waiting
ASKS C(ONGIIESSMEN FOIl PLANS
Frank Mondell of Wyoming, the
new floor leader of the republicans.
has sent out a letter to all republi
can members, asking their advice as
to what shall be the party program
for the special session.
This is a new departure. When
James R. Mann was floor leader he
did not consult his associates. They
might call him up on the telephone.
or visit his office, and discover what
conl.rse he pronosed taking upon a
definite issue, but unless they did cc
they were left in the dark until he
ra me forward to speak in the house.
TAVENNER VISITS ('APITAL.
Clyde Tavenner, former newspaper
man and later a member of congress
from the Rock Island (Illinois) dis
trict, whose speeches on "The World
Wide War Trust" disclosed the
orofiteering of the Krupps, Bethle
hem Steel, Cambria Steel. Midvale
Steel and Carnegie Steel cornorations
long before the United States en
tered the war, has been visiting
friends about the capital building
the past few days. Tavenner waged
war on the private manufacture of
armor plate, gunils and mnlllitionls for
our government, and tried to get con
gress to make this industry a gov
ernment monopoly. His chief an
tagonist before committees was Gen
eral C('rozier, who always defended
ihe nolicy of letting th' Carnegies
and Schwabs do the work for Uncle
Sam at a genllerous profit. Whenl the
war calme along, Tavenner was swent
out of congress, thanks to the na
tional security league and other po
litical organizations promoted by the
people he had attacked.
IAllAOR CONGRESSMAN BAC(K.
Among the progressive democrat
who have come back into the house
after a two-year retirement is John
J. Casey of Wilkesbarre, Pa. Casey is
a plumber by trade, and has a con
stituency of coal miners who speak
all the languages of Europe. He ib
in advocate of social insurance and
sight-hour laws. The coal com
nanies gave the miners a choice, in
the fall of 1916, between voting for
Casey's opponent and keeping the
mines running. Enough of themi
were frightened to make his defeat
a fact. Last fall they were not
alarmed, since the war had giver
hemn more confidence in their ow,n
importance, and the war labor board
stood ready to protect them against
RUSSIA OPENS N. Y. OFFICE.
Tile state department has not yet
sought to interfere with the new rep
resentative of tile Russian soviet gov
ernment, who has opened extelnsive
offices in New York for the pureDos
of re-establishing trade relations
with American business firms. A,
this agent of soviet Russia state'
that he is authorized to spend $200,
000,000 gold in the purchase of
American manufactured goods, many
of which are now shut out of Eng
land, France and Italy by the em
bargoes fixed by those countries, hlii
suggestion has resulted in a flood of
offers from big manufacturing con
corns. hanks and trading interests of
AlIt MAIL PLANS.
Airplane mail rates are coining
down within a few weeks to five cents
for delivery betwen New York and
Washington, according to current
r'edictions in aircraft circles. When
this service uwas started, a year'ago.
the rate was 25 cents. Conmmeichta
venitures in airplane traxnslortationl of
lpackage freight are now being pro
moted, and a syndicate has been
formed to build and operate a line
of dirigible balloons clear across the
continent. As yet. these airships
have Ilot It(l'l constructed. Their pro
inolers walnt to secure contracts to
car'ry mail and express. which would
be dropled at way stations into nets
canrricd hr local airplanes. The planes
woullt likewise swoon above the
moving dirigibles and dron local
mail and packages lown into the net
spread by the crew of the balloon.
In this way the dirigible need not do
miore than reduce its speed as it
Snassed over the various stations on
the main route. •
Tse Bulletin want ads. They get
the want columns of the 3Bulletin.
! Spring Melodies
,\\\\ \\ \\\ RAGS AN ' OLp IRON
SU)GAR- PEPPER SALT \\\ \\\\
STAr0 VINE GAR \\\ PO-7A -TOES
OIN(6 DONG DINI DONG KU
AND SAILORS' GOUNCIL
Preamble, Plan of Action and Constitution. To Unite
All Workers for the Eont rol of Machinery of Produc
tion and Distribution and Elimination of Poverty.
We hold that capitalisml is based
upon the owntershipl and conitrol of
the machinery of production and dis
tribution, the ownership of the land
and natural resources by the cap
italist class and that said land and
social machinery is used solely for
the exploitation of the working class.
That this property conditionl of
wealth is the root of the great class
war which is now reaching the final
stages of battle.
That the capitalist system is now
in a chronic state of decay and that
its continuance means untold misery
to the working class of tile world.
That the capitalist system inust he
Aims landl Plans of Action.
Understanding that the workers
nllust unite in order to overthrow the
forces of capitalism, and perceiving
that craft lines, jurisdictional fights,
interference and control by national
officers, constitutional disadvantages
and the cry of dualism are obstacles
't the wayv of that necessary unity;
that prejudice and ignorance seem tc
preclude for a long time to come the
possibility of unification in the pres
ent organizations of labor, weak
nesses that are ever watched for and
used by the exploiters, knowing that
their own strength is as burnt thread
when facing the solid formation ol
abor's forces, the aim of the coun
cil of workers, soldiers and sailors
shall be to allay, to try to understand
to do away with all those causes of
distrust, prejudice and hatred. We
know that as long as that state of af.
fairs exists we must renlain in ivage
slavery. In the Workers', Soldiers'
and Sailors' council we will meet or
commnon ground; our only aim shal
be tile destruction of our comhmon en
nemy-the capitalist system.
Knowing. however, that the de
;truction of this system requires the
building up of a new one, it shall he
lur further aim to urge the workers
to join the union wherever it i
formed, at the point of production
be it craft or industrial. We wil'
leave it to the rising intelligence of
the workers as to what form will
best serve their ends.
Our slogan shall be: "Mass or
ganization for class destruction."
The organization at thl' point of
production for construction, when
class domination shall have been
Mass action shall be our line of
Monster mass meetings.
Monster mass parades.
Monster mass strikes for economliC
and political ends. In short, to util
ize to the fullest extent the natural
psychological phenomena--the merg
ing, the surging, the confidence, the
strength that great numbers and vast
movements engender in the human
We propose to. call upon the work
"rs everywhere to form councils for
We urge the returning soldiers to
loin with us, for they are our broth
ers in industry, our partners in slav
ery, our comrades.
We want all of our class to unite
in the International, in order to
bring war to peace, want to plenty.
and misery to happiness.
We demand immediately, free
speech, free press, and free assem
blage; hands off of Russia or other
countries where workers are strug
gling to be free; liberation of class
war prisoners and real democracy
not nanlnerism and subjection for our
soldier brothers of the working class.
We demand, ultimately, the World
for the workers.
This organization shall be knowl
as the Workers', Soldiers' and Sail
ors' council of Bultte and vicinity.
The memblnershilip of this organiza
tion, shall be conmposed of men and
women of the working class, irre
speciive of nationality, creed, color.
or religion. By working class we
mean all mnen and wonmen who miake
their livelihood by their own efforts.
No rman or woiman shall be eligible
who lives in any degree from the
exploitation of others, to-wit: From
profit, rent or interest.
The' executive or administrative
power shall be vested in a cenrlal
commlittee, the findings of which
shall be referred to the council for
a majority vote, except in cases
where immediate action is required,
when the central committee shall
have power to act.
The central commnlittee shall con
sist of delegates from the various
labor organizations, craft or indus
trial, represenlted in the council.
The representation for delegates
to the central conmmittee shall be
For a mlembership of 100 or less,
For a mnembership of over 100 and
up to 200, four delegates.
For a membership over 200 and
up to 500, five delegates.
For a mnembership over 500 anlld up
to 1,500, six delegates.
For a membership over 1,500 anud
up to 3,000, seven delegates.
For a mnembership over 3,000 and
arp to 5,000, eight delegates.
Comnlittees shall be elected fronr
the mass of workers, irrespective of
union affiliation. Nominations to be
made by the central commnnittee in
tllceting of ilass of workers ill coun
The action of such committee to be
subject to the approval of the cen
tral committee and, if necessary, of
Meetings of the council en llmasse
shall be held once a week; special
nmeetings on the call of the central
Medtings of the central committee
;hall be held once every two weeks,
'r us often as tile commniittee deems
All committees may attend meet
ings of the central commnittee, with
voice but no vote, except on mnatters
iertaining to the commnittee on which
At all regular meetings of the
,ouncil minutes of the central corn
mittee meetings shall be read, as
,,ell as minutes of the council mneet
ings, and all business transacted
which is' deelied necessary. But
propaganda and working class edu
cation shall be the main feature of
The revenue of the council shall
be derived as follows: All labor or
ganizations represented on the cen
tral committee shall pay five (5)
cents per month per member. All
members of the council, not belong
ing to any other organization, shall
pay five (5) cents per mnonth.
Special assessments may be ilade
when absolutely necessary, as in
cases of strikes, lockouts, or other
A standing finance committep of
five shall he elected every six ilonths.
A standing auditing committee of
live shall be elected every six months.
All other conmmittees shall be
elected as desired and as necessity
Two sergeant-at-arms shall be
elected every six months, who shall
guard the door at meetings and see
that none but those who are eligible
The central committee shall elect
a treadentImra amtnmittee of three,
whose .d.tieas .sharll be to examine
teiii iie I
ie t iini,.
a fl 11et
t li '` ill)
cl t' i 111
i1 a' il
it lt t'