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VOL. I-NO. 217. _ __T 111-E MONTANA. FflhR\1 ii)A 1910. PRICE FIVE CENTS GERMAN PIESSS DENOUNCES TERMS AUSTRIAN PEACE TREATY IS NEARING COMPLETION GERMANY WILL CLAIM THE RIGHT FOR ORAL DISCUSSION OF PEACE Acceptance Means Poverty, Hunger and Slavery, Says One Paper; Another Paper Says the Demand for Kaiser's Return Is Humiliating (Special United Press Wire.) Merlin, May 1).- I'ho goverinment luas inslencele( its dele .iateS lI male(' (1ulii er Iirlo)Ii sals niii (Ii c in Ilite riglh Ilor oral uistIssijns.' (;uian ellneoi -(hie(lenmallIn declared in a sIIeCb. \We aro dealing with an Iein ,- blini(C( by sellish policies. 1e10erring to WilsonS I i points, ise asked: W'hant bIecoeiPs of the exchange nI giiaruniues nientiuiied in the nuirth juint? ant says *"despite Wilson's tifth point, Germany loses her colony rights in Africa. Brockdorff-Rant zen faithfully interpreted the feeling of the empire government," he con tinued, "when lie said we will ex aimine the terms with a good will, as our government earnestly wished a just peace." The German press is unanimously bitter in their denunciation of the peace terms, according to an unof ficial outline which is published. The Tages Zeitung said: "Ac ceptangen means poverty, hunger and slaxery. The terms couldn't be worse." Taglischo Rundschau: "Wilson's 14 points are invisible, the most hu miliating point is the demand for the kaiser's surrender." Tageblatt: "The treaty oversteps blackest expectations and the dele gation must do its utmost to change the terms." 'orwerts: "The entente, who through Wilson, prated of the justice and rights of the people, is un masked. We may be forced to sign through fear of hunger, but we will refuse inwardly. We must trust to the international proletariat to bring a real peace." Frepeit (radical): "Compared with the Brest-Litovsk treaty, the terms seem moderate, but several parts are in violation of Wilson's 14 p1ints." (Special United Press Wire.) borne, May 9.-The Versailles cor respondent of the Berlin Tages Zei tung, after interviewing the German peace delegates, quotes Herr Gies bert as saying, "We must make peace with Russia and invite the Russian people into Germany," and quotes Herr Landsberg with saying, "The terms are beyond the most pessimis tic forecasts. After our observations, the only alternative for us is to an swer yes or no." Schiedemann said: "Versailles today represents the deepest point in Germany's fall. 'Yes' or 'no' can lead us no lower, until we face utter annihilation, with no hope of ever getting up, If collateral con ditions are in the same spirit as main conditions, we will face the tomb of the German people." Teachers' Union Grows; A Result of Persecution Washington, May 9. -- The cam paign of the American Federation of Teachers is meeting with unexpected success throughout the country, and is being given a great welcome in Canada as well. There a number of unions are also reported to have been formed. The unsuccessful efforts of the school teachers in the past to secure proper remuneration for their serv ices is being resented, and they are now hopeful of arousing public senti ment in their behalf that will result in forcing the recognition they are entitled to. A new charter every other day has been the result since the campaign was started, giving assurance that within a short time all of the public scho6l teachers of at least the big centers of population and industry will have a local of the teachers' union established. To date, it is stated, there have been 70 charters issued for new unions from coast to coast. The aims of this vigorous young national trade union organisation of educators are democratization of the schools and fair working conditions for teachers. Various school boards have lately exhibited their autocratic, illiberal attitude, on public questions to the extent of actual persecution of teachers ana the attempted suppres sion of free discussion in the schools. FAST WORK AT PEACE TABLE Humiliation, Defeat and Tragedy for Germany Clemenceau Is Displeased With Brockdorff's Speech (Special United Press Wire.) Versailles, May 9.-Humiliation defeat and tragedy, all the darkec emotions possible to human expres sion, then an obsequious admission of all their wrongs, finally defiance and claims of their place as equals that represents the range of the Get man's emotions in their appearance at Versailles, since 1871. Deepest silence reigned in the conference room at Trianon Palace hotel after the allied d1elegaten had been seated. As the doors opened which signalled the approach of the enemy representatives, the usher, in resplendent uniform, preceding them cried: "Messieurs les plenipoten tiaries de 1' all German." Count Brockdorff - Rantzau, his face ashen white and his eyes rimmed with dark circles, was in the center of the German group, with his hands clasped in front of hinm at arms' length, slowly bowed his head; not a bow of greeting, but one of ab ject resignation. The Germans took their seats and listened with an unchanged expression to Clernen (Continued on Page Threa.) Urbana, Ill., May 9.-A program of activities making for the better ment of teachers' conditions, and of workers in general, has been com pleted, according to announcement by officials of the Federation of Teachers of the University of Illi nois. It comprises the following points. I... Investigation by a committee of ideas of various labor moves, es pecially the American Federation of Labor, in regard to educational ac tivities. 2. Appointment of a legislative intelligence officer to watch educa tional bills in the state legislature. 3. Co-operation with local offi cials in the establishment of a co operative store. 4. Appointment of a federation official in charge of printing pam phlets and reports. 5. Investigation by a committee into advantages of unionizing teach ers. 6. Appointment of a committee to gather and publish statistics show ing comparative status of hand laborers and teachers as regards prospects and returns. 7. Investigation of cost of train ing and salaries of teachers in the United States. 8. Obtaining of lecturers in the labor movement. *SLOUGH OF DEJECTION pp 4 .Y~ I"~rf' N Yý 1ý"lý1 `Vi'ee:1ý ýýV4y 'I r.~ ~ ~ Ifýý' . ~ 'tk uf ý l1Ný CITY LOSES IN OYSTER CASE Inexperience of Inspectors Frees Levy and Others Who Were Arrested By Health Authorities. Due possibly to the inexperience I: of Mrs. Margaret Rosza. new city food inspector, and J. Pedlar, the new sanitary inspector, the cave ot the city against Mose Levy, Harry Murphy and Thomas Lawson, all ar rested in connection with the alleged attempt to sell condemned (anned oysters to the public, fell flat in po lice court this morning. The t hre defendants were dismissed without having been placed on the stand. when it was ascertained that the in spectors could produce no evidence to show that any of the condemned oysiers had ever been in possession of Levy or either of the other two defendants. The arrests of Levy, Murphy and Lawson occurred late yesterday. Ac cording to the testimony offered in court this morning by Mrs. Hosza. she and another city inspector were called to a point near the city in cinerator on Wednesday by a tele phone report that Levy was carting off a quantity of canned oysters that had been condemned and ordered destroyed by former Meat Inspector Ruble. She said she had never seen any of the spoiled oysters, nor had she seen Levy or his co-defendants. Pedlar's testimony was practically the same as that of Mrs. Rosza, with the exception of his statement that he had seen some of the cans and their contents and had opened some. He said the contents were so putrid and the accumulated gas in the cans so strong that upon being opened the contents flew about the room. Deputy City Attorney Juttner en deavored by close questioning to bring further testimony from the inspectors, but failed. He then acquiesced in the motion of the de fendants' attorney to dismiss the case fcr lack of evidence. PARK CITY MINERS OUT 100 PER CENT (Special io The hi ulletin.) Bingham. Itah, May 9.-- For The first tins in 51) years the min ers in Park City camp are out, 11)0 per Icnt. 'luey h(ld a mass meeting on Sunday, May 5, drew up their dinciands ant called the tten out Monday morning. It looks now as if the tan in Bing ham and Eureka camps would go out, in sy..path. y w.ii the Park City miner:. Notices cf the Park City striki hisa beeni sent out to all the mtining ramp- in Arizona and Montana bt it i - n lt known as to wih atnion, !I tiny, thesa unions will tali+' HEAD-ON COLLSION; AUTO TR1CK RECKEO Heavy Car Owned by Sher man & Reed Figures in Bad Smash-up. Other Driver Escapes Injury. A heavyt se en-pj. . t sr Cadillac auto owned ly S.hmiai & Reed, crashed into a sao t iii truck this morning at the (tH r of W'aahing ton and Park. T0i i aiillac was traveling at l high i. pf speed and attempted to cut thit corner into Washington s1ree, trim, Park, get ting, thereby, upon ti,, wrong side of the street. It st ru I the truck with tremeiii us Curei . .d colpilete lI wrecked it. Passersby h Ii p'I . stricatc the driver of the trm i. a,-! found him considerably shit ,n- ; more or less shinned up, y! . . . hurt. Damage to ics i ad iec was slight. TWO BEING HELD. (Special to TI I . . tin.) Moscow, 181. 11c Thomas Hawks and Oti ill t 1. both members of Vii Workers' union No. Sat has- i. placed un der arrest ittin l i- hold here, charged with crinia yndicalism, The prosecutin t able to proceed, the men Ii i I held for five days before hi I e fn a pre liminary hearing. WHEN IS A UNIFORM?? ASKKED Railway Company Wants to Know When Copper's Clothing Becomes Civilian. Wharton to Fight. A niii ting ox i -,rxes of meetings, iotwv'i' x ianaxgxr .I. I. \'ihi rton1 of the iutte i l t' rir ' i ilwni company and iiiniHt'wen tit ree i ntl appoint ed city xlxim (" inx i 0sion x will prob ably he ix lxi a x m ix' Ule the Iiuestion of when 'a n alliier in uniform, a: tle rlsxii H> xxixix (,'xdings in police court It h i'ornH'ing, wjil Conductor .John Ix ixringln x ian arraigned on a charge of rxf itiina to carry Officer John Vat x irt'in on his car, fare fre ,. 'i'irexx lxi ii iIi t x itv continuex , 0o insist tlat the railw' y company arrx all xxiir.,. not in xuii'ornx, fare free, ''there will lxx a fight," were made II aly 1, the fioxxxy fr the iaillwax riout; x'y dxl iinl til' course of a lxienigt i iy lrgumiint xiiorx ' Juilge (rin xi 'xxxirdiing to t* railway Comn paiiyii attorney, a licor V'an Orden boardxi d ix at r a r last evening clid in a olxer lxian - xlixiforiii, over which he was xi xxriin a civilian over( oit and a xi x lioin hat. Con.. duxxtor Harrington i oi-ed on the coxper payinx hix x ar, with the re sul i,,t x llr rin ' xxx wax place-d tin der arrt'O'i. The atiornxy held that the co( duc'tioi ' r x' x ixhin his rights ii iuesli ionii . hil t m t ; the attire of Oii'cr Can x\ rd ' cxnxitixuted a uni form i in the i I eiii x xeptedl-sense. A recent l [ix xxxroit the public xxertiice xomm:ix- xn al Helena, in which it was xx ,,,! x i that the Butte railway com lpxxi ax ontini e carry ing any blxt x"i').' of the coin pany iind polixx x n and firemen, while in uniformii 'xan road and the contention raised that the act of the legislature in ex', iing the coiinis sion and setti xa xx powers had su perseded the city ordinance regulat ing the companyi Deputy City Attorney Juttner (Coutinued on tago Three.) GERMAN TREATY MEETS WITH FULL APPROVAL OF ALLIED DELEGATES Oscar Strauss, International Law Expert, Upholds Proposed Agreement by the United States and Great Britain to Aid France in Case of Attack 1(S e c ia l I I1ite d P r s W ir e !ee Iariji- 1n. 0Iu Wu) ii le .\ualirian leute Irenlv is er Ilug 'iijeulimlimi it k leu nuel. TI'e( bigli; Ita1 Sulimoned ils ieiu uini( reparatiii explerts Iti ( siiier lin l details in that see(-iin ni Ie pact. uasidle urii (li'isulisfutliin with flue appor tiuuni luutelil \ ihiuI is iluiluitullu 'vul Ifil ler (I mi lill tu rituuies () I i ` liii f i :.m ile iu l' Il(` Iill es. 'I'le ( ieliulu ui I r eetuu appar CONFIDENT THEY WILL WIN With Support of Senator Harris, Woman Suffrage Officials Claim. Are Op timistic. (Special itoed Press \Vi r.) Washington, :flay 9.-W-- \otani stf frage officials claim they will sur1 have a vicoray in the next congress 1is a result of the report from Paris that they would have Senator Harris' support. They claim their congressional canvas showt Itere will he enough votes hil the senate and house to pass T he amendment. Friends of suffrage are planning to make the passage of the amtendmlent one of the first sets of the republican (ongress. 1Representative Mann will introduce the amendment almost is soon as congress meets and will detand Ituick altion. (Special United Press Wire.) Paris, May 9.---Senator Hlarris of tGIorgii is reported to have assured Wilson that he will vote for the woman's suffrage amendmnent in case it is brought up at the extra session of congress. The amtend ment lacked only one vote of pass age at the last session. Another Overseas Man Expresses Some Views Ine tollowilng article is taken from 'thhe Railroad Trainman," the of Iicial organ of the railway workers, frotu one of their men who is still doing duty in lFranlce. The article, along with the soldier's letter fol lows: The following lotter was received from one of our boys detained in trance, who is mighty sore on his job of taking care of France while the French are getting the work done at a very low wage rate, paid by the t'nited States, and which the men fromi this country feel does not be long to themt now that the war is over. It is interesting to note that the writer complains of the interference of the censor, but wthoeioer censored this letter was prtty well in accord with the spirit of the writer. We have seen letters from railroad men detained in France that 1end color to their complaints of too harsh disci pline, unnecessary punishments and distinctions between officers and men that work cruel hardships on the lat ter that will not be forgotten when the boys come home. One of these was of especial inter est. It passed the censor, for it was mailed in this country by a returned soldier who carried it over for the writer. 1-t was an engineer and was assigned to that duty in France, He complained over the long runs, eut ly mtelts the full approval of the allied delegates. The Belgians filed a protest with the big four" against awordtug the British a mandatory over German East Africa, due to the important part lelgium played in the conquest of that region. Unofficial reports being circulated, say the Ital ain.; resent being out pff from man dot or les. (wear Strauss, the American inter natitonal law expert, when asked for a statement on the proposed agree ment by the United States and Great Britain, to aid France in case that oet mua jy attacks her, said: "Con i rary to weakening, such an engage ment strengthens the league of na tions, it being the initial example of abolition of secret treaties. It is nec essary. Just like the Monroe doctrine, due to the pleuliar condition of the country roost directly concerned. trance was the greatest sufferer from the war and most likely she won hi again te worsted, if Germany should repeat her attack. The pro tooed igreeilent is a complete vin dication of the league's principles." (Special United Press Wire.) Paris, May !i.--'The "big four" has ordered tih(i drafting of the Austrian treaty to be stated. It is learned that the boon dary question has been practically Settled. COIPPLED PLANE LANDS, WILL TRY ACAIN LATER (Special United Press Wire.) Latham, Mass., May ). --Trans Attnt ii seaplane NC-4, which be o nmo disabled while flying to Halifax, luaned here this morning. It will return to Rockaway Beach for re pairs aind will then make another start. Washingtoni. May 9.--Naval of ticere are being advised of the trans Atlantic flyers flight. The flyers were advised that conditions were not. so advantageous. The "jump oft" on the second leg of the flight has been postponed. :hort rest periods, enforced drill aft (r four hours' rest, and "to the guardhouse" for the smallest, and at t(hues unavoidable, offenses. He crm nplains of doing guardhouse duty on Sunday, shovelling coal all day, with 18,000 German prisoners on tin other side of the fence doing nothing, because 'the Germans did not work on Sunday." The complaint is made that American soldiers are forced to do duty that is repulsive in the extreme, while German prison ers loaf, make souvenirs and have as good rations as the American soldier. The war will be over, over there, one of those days, and when the boys come home we can expect that much of the consideration for the feelings of German prisoners will be over hauled by a few of the brothers who believe in consideration of their own feelings first. It will give somebody a busy time explaining the careful thought given the enemy and the lack of it given the soldier. Here follows the letter, without a word being crossed off by the cen sor: Chaumont, France, Feb. 23, 1910. Dear Friend Chester: Received your welcome letter a few days ago, and was sure glad to hear from you. Well, we are having some real fine weather over here, (Continued on Page EIght.).