Newspaper Page Text
SfIIUING THE NEWS
- UPTON SINCLAIR. I am writing .a bock dealing with the euiject of A rlcan journalism, as in "The Profits of Religion" I dhalt Pith the chltrbh. Last Sunday I gpt i me material for this book. 4fttended a meeting at Blanchard h Los Angeles, addressed by se Bryant, author of "Six Red Rlths in Russia." Miss Bryant is an Itor of 'McCall's Magazine," and was war correspondent for several Anerican newspapers. She saw the whole of the Russian revolution. She nmet all the leaders Iptimately. She hbs written a book about it, which has been favorably reviewed by our la4ding literary journals. She has tepttfied before the senate investigat 14 committee, arid now she is tour ig the continent, lecturing on the Russian revblution. These things copstitute her a personality, and no newspaper man would deny that she is "news." She has been speaking be l6re. large meetings in our cities, and she came to southern California to make a test of the journalistic integ rlly of the papers upon which we de petid fdr our understanding of the w6rlti'About us. On Saturday evening she spoke at the Auditorium, one of the largest places in the city, before an audience whick' was wildly enthusiastic. Not a line about the meeting appeared in either of our Sunday newspapers, the "Times" or the "Examiner." On Sun day afternoon I went to the Blanch ard- hall meeting. This was a paid meeting, 25c and 50c, yet the place was filled. I never witnessed a more enthusiastic meeting ,and I never heard a more worth-while talk. louise Bryant is a little thing. I don't know how old she is, but she looks 21, and she would serve any sculptor for a Joan of Are. She has no frills to her oratory, she just tells you what she saw, and you know that she saw it, and you feel her passion ate enthusiasm. I hardly know where to begin telling. about her speech; she talked for two hours and a half, and there was not a single minute in which she did not give some fact of vital importance to the American peo ple. I will choose a few that stuck in my mind. For instance, in the hos pitals in San Francisco there are ninany soldier boys with their feet frozen off. The reason is that they were transported through Siberia in cattle cars. The Japanase were in command, and the Japanese rode in heated coaches. Is that not a fact of sotpe interest to Americans? Th' iolsheviki have taken Odessa and. the rich grain country of the Uk'raing, They have taken it, because the (Wbidilial part of the allied de fepse was made up of French troops, and these troops refused to fire a shot against the Russians. Several companies went over solidly to the enemy, and sent word to their coin rades to follow. Is not this fact worth knowing? An American war-correspondent for the United Press was intrusted by the jovlef government with some moviog'picture films, portraying facts abou, the reconstruction of Russian induietties and the life of the people uindh, the riet government. These films have been confiscated by the Amdpicah naval intelligence service, and:'.Louise' Bryant was told by those in apmthority that the reason was, it was "pure propaganda." is not this fact worth knowing? The red guard of Russia destroyed millions of dollars' worth of wines from the winter palace, but Admiral iKolchak, the monarchist reactionary wbpm we and the Japanese are up holdhing in Siberia, has reopened the vbdkaietrirffiu, and has imposed a dais Iblialty for belonging to a la 4'mimon. is not this fact worth ply0ing? ~eur med American soldiers tell aluti4 houses of prostitution with J'tpghese managers, 'maintained in Vladivostok under' allied protection. turiey our southern California nith el's might have liked to hear about this! 'he j oviet commissioner of educa tion handed round an inquiry among the delegates to the peasant congress, as to what peasants needed. First, they wanted to learn to read and wrltec Second, they wanted informa tion about modern methods of agri culture. Thiid, they wanted knowl edge about sanitation. Thousands of revolutionary students from the uni veisities have been sent out by the soviet government to carry this knowledge to the, peasants. Ten' thousand schools have been opened to teach reading and writing to those who before the revolution were shipped to Siberia for attempting to learn. While the people of Petrograd were starving, the American anibassa dor gave a banquet and ball, at which officers of the ax-tsar 'danced with Ainerican ladies. Because anaichists thfeateoed to blow up the embassy with a bomfm, the anibhassador up pealed to the soviets for protection, and some of the red guards were seiit to the embassy. These red guards saw officers of the ax-tsar, wearing their uniforms and decorations, dane laig with Americani ladies, and they polmited. out to the ambassador that in so. wearing their uniforms and deco rations, the officers were violating a law of the new government of Rus sia. . The guards committed no' vio lignce; but because they made this oh jections Ambassador Francis was out raged and 'complalined to the senate committee that his bail had been Theatrical Stage Em-1 pioyes and Moving Pic ture Machine Operators Will Give Their FOURTH ANNUAL DANCE -AT Pa~lmnnt Hall MAY 29th Admission $1.00 Dancing From 11 p. Inm. to ? ruined. Is not this an interesting story? Also, Louise Bryant discussed the grotesque tale of the "nationalizatioli of women." She traced it. down to its source, which was an effort to discredit an anarchist club in some interior Russian town. She heaped up evidence to show that there had been no such treatment of women in Russia, that on the contrary Russian women are free for the first time in history. She told of positions of high responsibility they were filling, and the work they are doing for the peo ple of Russia, and more especially for the children. I might go on like this for two hours and a half, just as Louise Bry ant did. Suffice it to say that the audience was wrought to intense en thusiasm. And then J. H. Ryckman, chairman of the meeting, made an an nouncement to the effect that the city superintendent of education, Dr. Albert Shiels, had just published in the "Educational Journal" of Los Angeles, an attack upon the soviet government of Russia, which con tained by actual count 124 errors of fact. Someone in the audience of fered a $200 Liberty bond to be paid to Dr. Shiels and by hint paid to any public charity of which he approved provided that he would consent to ap pear upon a public platform and re peat his charges against the Russian soviet government and debate them with Louise Bryant. That was news, was it not? I was in the audience, and had not intended to appear on the platform; but I sat there watching the scene and thinking. Here were perhaps 500 people, which is one-twentiet5h of one per cent of the population of Los Angeles county, from which the meeting was drawn. Assuming that every person there told twenty peo ple about what happened, still only one per cent would ever know that the meeting had taken place, or that the lies against Russia had been an swered, or that the challenge to Dr. Shiels had been issued. I knew that the morning newspapers, upon which this million people depended for their news, would suppress all mention rf the meeting, just as they had sup pressed mention of the meeting of the night before. So I came up on the platform and told the audience that I wanted to make a test. We knew that what we had heard that afternoon was worth putting before the public. We knew that the public would be glad to have it, if they could get it. Let us make a test of the Los Angeles newspapers, let the meeting appoint a committee to call upon the editors of both morn ing papers and endeavor to persuade them to publish the news. Know ing in advance that they would re fuse, I called upon the audience to contriubte funds to publish the news in some other form. I hardly got the words out of my mouth before the money began to rain on the platform, silver dollars, half dollars and bills of all sizes. It hadn't been intended to take up a collection at a paid meet ing, but people started passing the hat spontaneously, and other people began writing pledges. One woman told me that she had worked for a week for $15 and she would give $5. Another told me that she was a poor widow and had no money, but she would give what she had, which was three cents. Several men wrote checks for a $100, and before we got through with that little excitement we had a total of $1.240.43. A committee was appointed, and an advertisement was drafted, a chal lenge to Dr. Albert Shiels, informing him that a $200 Liberty bond was available, and would he discuss his statements with Louise Bryant? The committee took this advertisement to the Los Angeles "Times" and inter viewed the managing editor, Mr. Har ry Andrews, and requested the inser tion of the advertisement for cash, and the publication of some news about the meeting. Mr. Andrews not only refused to publish the adver tisement, but he flew into a rage and insulted the committee. The Los Angeles "Times" had a policy, and it would publish no news contrary to that policy. "We propose to judge what constitutes the news," was Mr. Andrews' declaration. I went myself to interview the "Examiner." I saw the managing editor, Mr. Eldridge, and lie heard my story. He said that he could not publish any form of propaganda to which .the public was unfavorably disposed, but that he would give a "cold news account" of the meeting, as lie would give to any other meet ing. He introduced me to a reporter, and I gave this reporter an account of what had happened. In this, of course, I was doing the work which the "Examiner" was supposed as a newspaper to do. The "Examiner" should have bad a man at the meet ing; but instead of that, I brought thme news of the meeting, and spent half an hour dictatinsg enoughs in terial to snake a couple of colbmns. As a i'esult, there was puliushl~ed in the "Examnimier" next morning exactly two and one-quarter inches. convey lng the information that Louise Bry atit had spoken; that she had defend ed thse Russian revolutionary move ment, and that the sum of $1,240 had been contributed to publish her speech in pamphlet form. In the "Times," of course, there was noth ing. The readers of the "Times" would not know that Louise liryant had been in Los Angeles. I have made a little study of these two capitalist newspapers on this morning of Monday, April 14. The principal news of the day in the "Ex aminer" is the fact that the mother of Williami Randolph Hearst has died. Mrs. Hearst, you understand, was an enormously wealthy woiman, and tier soin owns the "Examiner." The "1'x aminer" gives, by actual count, five columns on the front page, five col umns oin the second page, and six columns on thse third page, to ac counts of Mrs. Hearst and her vir tues. There are two pictures, oime a picture of Mrs. Hearst, occupying 58 square inches, and the other a picture of the family of Willian Randolph Hearst visiting their grandiiother, this occupying 40 square inches. The "Times," which is the deadily rival of the "Examiner," is naturally not so much interested in Mrs. SHearst, It gives her only the amount of space which it would give to any California millionaire wpio died, thai is to say, two columns., The picture of Mrs. Hearst occupied 24 aquart inchps. SIn addition to this news about Mrs PURE WATER FOR THE CANAL ZONE 11iis is a view of the Ilage sedhimlentllthin taiks at the IMnlatetlo filtrut lion plant. where the water used hy the population of the luiinaiit Clina:l zone is purifled. This water comes from the Chagres river atnd is jenupod frott Gramnboa through a large pipe line. Hearst, the "Examiner" gives three V pages to moving picture reviews andl p advertisements, half a page to society it au ciuns, Batt a page It sertions, 's and half a page to a city mayor who g is charged with selling to n-'groes s the right to run houses of prostitu- t; tion. Also, the "Examiner" finds s space for such items as the following: t 'Say Religious ieell igs Too En- 1 thusiastic," five inches; "Sununerlike y Day Throngs Resorts, ftour inches; i "Three Girls Hurt as tar Turnis Over," seven inches; "Los Angeles Oil Man Drops Dead at Gay Hall," nine inches; "'Hobble Skirts Lntli crous Says Ptastor," eight inches; "Club Women in Hot Row Over New Leader," nine inches; "Beauty Seek; to Punish Screen Star, Trial of $160, 000 Breach of Promise Suit Opens In Los Angeles Tomorrow," 28 inches. In addition to this the "Examiner" finds space for half a dozen adver tisements of automobiles and auto mobile accessories disguised as read ing matter, a very cheap method of I hoodwinking the public. ' As for the "Times," it devotes o(tie i page to moving picture news and ad vertisements; a page to sermons; a page to "The People and Their Trop bles." It finds space for such local items as: "Fast Play in Tennis Events," 15 inches; "Tourney of the Fair Sex," nine inches; To Be New Oberamergau," 11 inches; "Did -le Fall or Was He Pushed," nine inches: ] " 'San Souci's' Festival Scene," 10 inches; "United After Tragedies. Slayer of Many Men Gains Daughter," 26 inches. In addition to this, the "Times" finds space to denounce to cialism'in a two-column leaded edi torial, the intellectual level of which may be judged from one paragraph: "The socialist's trade is argument. His capital is wind. His idea of time is that it is made to be filled with talk." A member of the committee turned in the advertisement of the challenge to Dr. Shiels to the evening- Hearst paper, the "Herald." The advertise ment and the money were accepted, and the committee member was jubilant; but next day he received a telephone call, telling him to come and get his money. Then we tried the "Express," which purports to be a liberal paper, but the result was the same. Application to the news editors of these papers resulted in refusals to publish anything. We were able to get the advertisement published in the "Record," a one-cent paper which is read only by workingmen and therefore is not supaosed to count. I wonder, is a newspaper under any oligation to print the news, when it deliberately refuses? If a man runs a store and puts in his front window packages which he labels, say, graham crackers, and you buy one of those packages and take it home and find it is full of sawdust, you can have the man arrested, you can site him for damages and get back what you paid. Why should not the same thing be true when a main puts out a sign to the effect that. he is publishing the news, and then does not do it? News is a perfectly defi nite and determinable thing just as much so as graham crackers. News 'is current happenings of interest. to a large and considerable section of the public. Will any newspaper itan in America dare deny that that pub lie challenge to the city superintend ent of education, and the subscrib ing of that large sutn of money in thatt dramatic way, is news? Very well then, on Monday last, the Los Angeles "Times" broke faith with its readers. It violated its contract with the general public. It adulterated its product and cheated its customers. I believe quite seriously that we could accomplish something if several hun dred of us were to get together and form a "Times Readers' Protective association," for the purpose of en gaging an attorney, and whenever the "Times" cheats us, bringing suit against the paper for the total of all the sums that we have paid for sub scriptions. How many want to join? But the main thing, of course, is that we must have our own' pre::s. Here we are at the most critical ito ment of our history. Within the next year we have to decide the fate of generations to come. We have to choose between moving forward into industrial freedom and democracy, or being beaten back into another dark age. Only one thing can save us, and that is enlightenment, and all' over our country the truth is being strangled, suppressed and distorted, precisely as I have shown you here in this city of the angels. Upon every man and woman who understands the modern crisis is laid the solemn re sponsibility of building up the social istic press. We must get thme trutli to the people, and' do it quickly, in spite of all peril, all threats of iimpr'ison ment and ruin, This morning I received a letter, sent me by a life insumance agent in' a little California town, He eiiclosed a letter of warning from his boss, the head agent in San Francisco, ordering him to hold his mouth, and to talk business, not socialism, to his friends, -A few minutes later my telephone rang, and a liidy in I'sadeiia Ex plained to me that she tad been hty ing to persuade s mon1 friends to si -oH - seribe for colties of J imnitt Ilig gills, but that1 she could not fint : a single perutont in Pasadetia willing to t alke the risk of being setn wili at sociali>,t hook. Si uh is the stale ofi trrroritmtu into which we have been brought. and if we lie ,sipine for a year or two, we shall itlld unrselve:n in wor-s1' tate I lth tiu sia in it; blackest days. ' I il up the l o1ialist press! ITALIANS TO VAVE HUME A FREE PORT (Special united PoeI : Wire.) Paris. May 19.--The Italians have conseutli d to the establishment of Flnuie as a free port besides re linquishing their claim to portions of Istrian, Dalmatian mainlands, it is authoritatively learned this after noon. A complete settlement has not been reached, however, as the l Italians are reported to be pre)5sing their claim to certain Adriatic iu lands. Bulletin Want Ads Get Results. Phone 52. The Butte Daily Bu -Is the Workingman's Paper The work of making this paper __ successful depends not so much on the management as it does upon the efforts of its supporters. The Workers should encourage the merchant whose advertise ment is found in the columns of the Bulletin by giving him a liberal patronage. It requires some nerve these days of Iron Heel sup pression to stand up and be counted. All lovers of liberty and a square deal must STAND TOGETHER It Is Up To You,Mr. Worker MAY-I-NOTTING The king of the world was sorely pressed by sane men who questioned his methods and his motives and the bolsheviki were growing impatient because his promises of a new or der of things hail nt yet gone iule effect. So the kintz troe ill his ora torical might anti spahe titus to his subjects: May I not suggest that my prom ised millenium has not yet arrived because I am the only wise mtan in the world and it will take time to bring the pigny minds of alleged statesmen to liy way of thinking. We have too many metl itt high places Who do not know how to play to the galleries, who ditein it ijotnsistetit to turn mental flip-flops to win the applause of the rubble and threaten constituted authority. ltder these circumiitstaitces it will lake tie somtte titie to work out t mty toitritula of changing the Ameritan flag tysteit. We have tot) manly old tlgis; who are stuck oil the red, while and tlut conts bination and they refuse to agreet with Ittim and "Innt eiver}'wheret Now this old-fashioned comabination is all right on certaint occasion'; --for' ittstantce, it goes beattti tully with lity picutur on ithe scrtot amlt makes; it appropriate tacklround for t utne of aly iig' iun ; but how lut' iltt ttt r it would he if tee had tule t 0it; of three diii tinct olors insti ti t of ont 1'I : comlbining the three color,;, \hlt I want to talk hoIg it w vist I could wave the red flat , ote rainy) days I could use the blue tht ; totd all of you know hos effecttively I haive used the white flag in the plia t, I would :,till keep titl i combincto flag in reserve for special Ieety ,io tt t but I think you will agree with it when I :.ay w'e cant hardly dliscarid aur nationalism without di'isttrdidmy the colors thuat represent it. Mtay I not suggest that I :tic to ing all the thinking for t ait iuit d tand it tlkeys a s art ani to ai;sj ume t i uchi a chore. And when I say gnuttkind Itdo noti min people who dress de cently aid luive ;1 high regard for lawv and order. Chin musit huteh power to stir the savage beast and t Ily cei - ords are now being played by l~enine and Trotsky. The ape and tlhe an archist quite often understulnd my philosophy better than people who attt'mpt to gain knowledge from books and nlewi'papers. "stay I not su~ggst that. I wais once all American with American ideals, but I grew in th1e twilight or the flew freedom and blossomed out in ther full 1 stin of E~uropeun splendor shit mine eyes were opened and my vis ton circled the globe. "May I not suggest that it is in deed untfortunate that I was not. born before Wvasitingtonl, liamilton, Jf fersonl and Lincoln. They got their country in a pretty badl loess in fact., I think you will agree vills mte when I say to my holslhevist. friends that. Ithst melt are reynonsible for HERE IS YOUR CHANCE TO SAVE MONEY Half Soles for One Dollar 11 hiav too much lh t . and no money, and to advertise will I on :ill the half sle, that :u" ,old TneaIay for nothing. Only one t"am to tlme poton or three p airs to a family. To those living not of Coh l mail vow. eck. All shomi must be delivered for re pair before aune 1.. 1Tere are only it thousand pairs of these sa you cama have to hurrm. Open at 8 o'clock for the rush. HUB SHOEMAKERS III S. 'I 11 ST., ' ITTI. . W. C. SARGENT, Manager. 'i(,;wre all Lei ohil; itd it is ill t:ilk Ida set thint 81 tiiihti by hi Sgaing teir uma klt. \Vlei oi i iiiiiitiiiiid idea reive Iii see 111, iii lull ilue'ss suits falin lupo the Ieks of Illii l hliliii15 tud ctiattrinuig io the t'a s loutg, lost tirit hiers, ?itav id n tinut ivljy go fiirtler di? I int o iurs il; alwaiys liir the i'ii eIt Sitabsj" Sllt Lake Iliald. d:peime 'laileit llv~ Will. ae :e nivile ilauger ash porie.i Classic Chili Parlor 210 N. Main St. CHILI, LIGHT LUNCHES THE BEST WAFFLES IN TOWN Open Day and Night BURGLAR PLAYS SLICK TRICK Caught in an alley adjoining thw W. E. Garber Hardware store, 91&' Front street, a burglar who tried ta (rack the safe in that store early Sunday morning put over a slick trick by pretending he was watching for bulls while his pal worked in side. But there was nobody inside when D\lr. Garher investigated. Advertise that room for rent tu the want columns of the Bulletin.