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Ohoelautte TIM& Ifiaet Issued Every Evening, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBIISHINO CO. Entered as Second-Ctass Matter, December 18. 1917, at the Postofaice at Iu te, Montana Under Act of March 3, 1879. PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292 EUSINESS OFFICE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One Month .... ... ... 75 Six Months ..................... Three Months ........... ..... $2.00 By the Year................... $7.do The Daily Bulletin is on sale every-day at the following places in Butte. Jacques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobban Depot Drug Store, 823 East Front St. George A. Ames, Jr., 316 1 2 N. Main St. PO. N. ws Stand, West Park St. International News Stand . . Arizona St. Palace of Sweets, Mercury and Main Sts. HIar' Grocery, 1023 Talbot Ave. Everybody's News Stand. 215 S. Motanna Helre,n (',,nfectionery, 735 East Park St. THV'IISDAY, MAY 22. 1 91. Woodrow Wilson said: "If there is one thing we love more than another in the United States, it is that every man should have the privilege, unmolested and un criticized, to utter the real con victions of his mind." For having voiced "real con victions" Eugene V. Debs and thousands of others are dying by inches in state and federal prisons. WILSON-"LABOR CHAMPION." W\ illt his Us l alll[ill e V l, chan ginglll ill' " li\4 4llillt Ii ,over nig'tll. 'resident Wilxt h a, n onl e fi the fr(1 1- a J4aniilgih or ' ill· 5i' ca se. lll. \\' i l\( l .i' 14 '1 llll lnlil. Iri ii hi ' re I ark1;4 u' 4(ll' clhief' eS l'(' i.e a, the lighd iI lIa r' in the Llin blishett reporl42 1C' his mc-,oage la c "l're,. will .ull nn \\'I) over the eye* o, epo litical . siCll irt f1' the l al, I )) ll l1'ii l .1lse1 , I'for h is party in-1 Ihae nest m·ianllaign. lThlle 4J esiden1 l's "Illt -a ll " t h il nI those hlo' Il1) the d1 t til' lal '.b o,1' Ithe w\\or l i l 1l1ui 111 ),grel -iVe I [ il l).\.en ill i'c 4t in I li e .ii li healances' se.uti . in the light il' hip well-kn l . att.ll dll eii .i (oues.liuns .f'f.eetinii labor in general. If, 1e m ,erely "'111 air.' The lie' interest bI.et l iei t ill tl i a lt'd 1b 14r'. said t 11 1r1 si ;izatio of idi uha t ll l', libi an e ll r[ p l..1,' lsiness lenlll alil i \iklt4 I;IlI' iI "seek and sincerely a i.i Ia:rlii 1t 1 4 unl.' i l'11 t . [ [I. "n'l,\\1i[ 'd lth4 a end. The )rei.oienil's lis.,\-ver\ thal lhose wh"oll d11 Ilbe dlaily lablo' Ot ille worbl ' !,houll obtain il'ngresi\,e Unp v'4\(ellilnt in the conlditions ol f their labor. lhe maite happ, ieii . and be served h, l - lor by the * " " indlisll ies which their l tlbor as. iin and tadvalcl s" is .nd Original \vills i him. in frl.. il is the basis ot all the labor ui'e, . of 1.d' l ol mil plas liiues. His !,lea f'or a new n)rgutlizatiiln of inidil 'ry I'for the I la, d.i - lion f it " oa nlml i n li rl s'l)O..o be.\veeni inllstr' ilid labor is pulirely visi.n ary il , I'ili' i1ts sii Jll a ll ) 'alii'nizatli ll or such l i ! ill thi world ili,\es nill\\ard and wilti it the el mlialld ol Illor. Ihat eventually all ind. ..sllv shall he in a nli\.'o r,'"llization . 'i'r th nii th I'e \v f shall lr, l'il 11 the I'i"iit'l ol the labor 111' the mlani . \1. the .lmerican working ilen can !lace no faith in l'a'esi (ient \W'il ion's llretensionll in bt'hall ,I' lali.l). especially ill view (it' the fact that he has ret'l .sed to raitie his voice in behalf of li< i\\Vli lil'ih vaunted principles o i humanity as contral ted w,'ilh thI ,' eailitalistic nild imiilerlialisti' ants ii ' the allied I' itio I'ealll t I ers at the l eail el'e .'iii f ' i lil¢.,e: n ld w hilte he li'e lilin 's ii)n machine g lli, inl thal nition', attemn l In keeI l d< \i i 11ia THE PLIGHST OF OUR TEACHERS. I etili, s ,ihe(l [lie Uittti ii V. ient l eli r' y st l 'i ,, l ii tltel ' i l i lt ,'ilyv ,o1 Iluttlo e l'o Iwere eseldil el I ,, l he, di. I.. idl s.1hool boarl'd In-.I tttithl, ti ayilit elltie litiy tin attet a , TItillli'll \ e ac let clitt t i. .i ,lel suI ti e i ilis ti e (' .., , l i ti ' ii ' li i.., littitle , nia i li n . 'ii lHh tieat ihed ase lhille ti ii i- I , he ttetel'r l ltlllittit il tet ' ite enhttlll 'litt lo k i .s j l't ilss ,ble. sel ( ,,,illil in,-" le nt he1hI rs l ie a lcl itlr- ii W it it 4t iifl t 'tit t , I' t ie l'ai 'l Iit ti lii.,l. i ld i ll ll , tlil.r ix tltetse tetItehi t's olty l vth e lltt'iit set t'e nt'i~- el the tesu einteit uis iuten t le -sg n tt ote'tgant u stn.g aId Iiii bight ~et ttc l· tucitt I tu iyistel int iel Ie iut l~iiitilt it It'i~ iii· tig .ierea· e ill his,; os, h ln, iiri al h a .t wl .airc Ited r ecetl i ll. It is a utal s . c.t l titui'h y ,i t lt le iti , llilttnc e at l tt iieie.tt . inil ,sly , uI' she iizees sa 'l ,ite. et al te re sti l e . is tell ht'i ith. oI Iie a Ice tie r a itetlt tth.e l'tsal sth ittix, l it, tt .is iit l ly to the dty-teati tt fair ta e, t t, a tl l it touc hers l tl 'lttione( yi lth is tetssible, e wage dhe testihe's 1 r ehilti'eit, set nit ,re Iiauth ,.he h ii' ,its i fl e ,en ees. le ithi t he Ii. ilol t t i ei ait itiuw nit. a 'ilizenib . the y wutislei pas ill dige sl,- intjei l eil h ly rtac l nml ll liiity. Tiie tsat sos teuichiz ii .lu sa',l ries uithout ,l iei tolle trial's. lutl in ..ilizetishiil atiul loyally. nt'e llthe Iha i: ot \ lii hl ,,ilr mnei ati w1491o lin ofl |tllomo lrlicv are devel+,ledl. t.'oniequenttly. il beh,,mes is lt, liavet ,,nl ablihd'eiro llug'ht otly hy tlhose lea<.ler' \\hi, lhave (If nistlie.. recet+ivi(d tihe pi n .q tr gr ua',i ld work or Itrainiiiii f'r thttir, ot.duious ;iiil. it tmii ht he+ suil, uA n,,st lhanikle,-s tnl k... L~et u.+s t.,,siler, the maitlel' I',o at minuiltt. Ill urter la ie < ,nie~t a eally qutalit'ie, teaithet l. tralin~iii iln lh+, I,\tlowe ' ge des lind ini high ..chool in,, ,,lly i.. !'eql ired. lbtt alshlili+t~io l tratiniiig in normal s..hools and. ini sa+le itnstal.e.. .., c llegt,:- and unli \ersities-. is ntecessary. Th'len. e\'tel af'ler' Ile ..s th, it elltel's into the an.tive workl, of let 'lciing, conlstabit sttidy is iitcessariy a,:d frlequentlly lthe sUlplosedlly enijiYable \vl.an ioiis gra' ntlled the leacher' beltweein sc.h,,ol term.. is int reality a lperiotl ol hai'd. ,ri'irdinlg. iiitensive sltudy. .\ll of this edluation aiiul lprelplaraion c.,sls the lprsle,'tive ,,r presnentl teacher' mtiiey lhIb nitmst beine tle ott o his oi' her" watge. in addition to the u.-;an expetises of' living and the uin iisual expernses f'r e],lthinlg, fr,, le it kl, wn.ivt a slhaibily dtr,+ssed sch-l, teacher' wouldl be its uniusuatl at sighl as ta .ils li, e o1' tie l'eder'al siupreeni. c ut.t' in ovxeiralls,. The wormeh pay.. highly specialized e'xper'ts ii, all lines, but thtll ol' tetaching high salharies without ,luestion, Indlustriatl experts, of course,. are necessary and tile salaries paid therl because of their speeialized labilities are problilly just; but at the lbasis of all slpeciallizati.i t ests the speci;alization of the teacher. l'ort it is roni the school teacher in tie primary and grade schools tlhat these w\\i late' become the Ii ghll\y paid ex elrts in Il.isiness andi industryll' , in diploma'y and politicis, or what not. receiv'e the basis of their training. Trl'uly on the shoulders of tie scho'lot l leatlers rests the ci ilizatlion of the \world. In spite itof' this. elippingls iat hand from a irecent issue of a large New Yotlk daily's help \\anted page britas to light ill ad joitinig coluinis one alverl'iseitnel t o a i ilahel' specialized in ll Iilll nl alli'-. I l olli g'y ianlll several ,tihler' ilntrieate bratit'lhes aI it s'tlatiy ii ý 5 per Imo tth. il fine 'fotr a nIegro ar'ber atl $S:3t per week. Ini spile of this. ith' schotiol teaclcers of' liltte are for'c'l 1i preent ptlitionls to illir scho(llotl hoard piaying I't' . Just a lil ie m tre wages in ldl'er to make both ends meet. andl in spitle o' this Superintendent \lahlleok. whose nlllin ditlies ais nll eu'illnlr se'lll to be inll 'riantlilg Ihinisell' to draw' his largely increasedl salary check inl ill faniliatrizing liillselI' \Vill Iit ' t lih lll's Io tle legionll (of sl ,'l'\iS)' is llli ild as sistait s l'uperinte dent'ils \li.- really lierf'olrnt the dutties lot' which the I;txpayel, r; r'eliinil('rate l Iti obljet I(.l lpayilng his slbor.i'diint, l tei lle'rs. noit wh'liat they are' really \i\ rlth. blut what they natinally need lit keep t.ily anl soul togtl!her. It is high limlle Ilie panill'tllls of our''11chool c01 llill'ell tke a hand in thne muiller atol see that the lei.ers of thleir young ionlies are paid l'air wages. eveni it' il is uiecessar'y to dispel'e with Super' inteiln ent lMailhli k ainl s iie of his as.sislitll- ii iay the bill. SOLVING THE PRESS PROBLEM. Tile iorganiilizeld f'sir lies iland wo\ rkers ha\e at last 'tullil Ithe so, tlion o'l I he contrt llel Ipri s t'roblen . In the oldl days ithe t'ret'.ir' i lim)ovel lints used It depedI l on spec.) ial papiltels oI' the olle ide ki il ali n al i g eiat exteitl 'irner' ai il labor otgal' iiizatliotls still have this one-ideil tpress. The r'esull iii' this kiidl ol press, if' tcourse. is to lavei the people still idee iipeulent ion the ihotstile. couilirled tress for ithe genera.l ig new iutside o' any ol' ginizatioti. atul they tIhus adl li sliupport the ipress which \\was Iockig ltheir' iiovelelint But tiw I lhe Nonpairtisani letague I'armllet's anii th ie x'wor'kers iIu ,ill' cities as Seattle. New York. atle hiltling the contro'i lled iIpress \iere hlliling cenIats. They are either l uiiyii'g lull servi'e papeles outright ori vigorously supporting locl inle iirleint edlitor i's. Il adlition to nearly illl lort( weeklies. which give lil altteilin to locait I l niews aiili su in aies i' I ihe news oll the week. the Noutartisin league ftrmer' ito two tloiuurishiig dtailies. lie IitFargo C'u. it'ier-News aidl thie 'rlialindl lForks .\ierica'ii. ianid lel'ore the niext cttps ate linrvested then' will be a hiea\' \,'uorker-owned ulaily ipress ill the Twin (ities. with anoiliither lpri'iiised I l it, (Ii ici tgo. tMalty Ithli lust alts .ie' thus f'reed entirely I'lrom giving any support to the hostile press. Thie nie\ \"'il't lerl \weeklies arie. firsit iof all. goodi ltocal paitper's. Il this resped Ihe'y are eveni siuperiol to the generaiil u'ti iof loctaIl w'eeklies xwhich reialtly have imore moiiney wi Illit which Ito get out a plaper. They carrly l'ocail news of stpecial interest lito the ' mel'lers, whicih the controii 'lled Ipatiper \iil ca li lii rraty. tili thiey give llitheir' renlders real edlitorial iiinlert'etle ion of it - i'enit al'I'airs rathier thlian the slinilpatl edlitoriali pil''le. Truly. it is ia great thliiing lto have at lastl hit iti all e r'l'e'tiv'e iiiil evildently the lly meanis it' killinig the influenci' e iof' the tprless hostile lit Ilhe w'ell'fare iof' the pteople--. the ililelpelllit f'u! I-selrvice lpress. DIVINE DIS CONTENT. 414n114'll 1 to t1ie4414411 ŽIll co 1 44144144'\41 . \ii tl 44111 441 444 i the 1 ire,,. 14 ltill' pu lpt, till' th(e 1(4I'141411 14e411e 4(t e1(1' 1441li44 ull-iI 1lle4 \i1ir l a l'd\1'4'I 4t t \ ill' l4(44I -4l1 (l-4n, 44l' i-'; llli.l4s l( i144 \\- el lis'u le t "inin t e \ il'kers lilt, ltt il~:.. hllle ccl mitt'' tha l'('vhIe hl 4't'4l(lIl. (il'44S44 tii llt.ii' the c 4444'l' 44la 14Ž ill 4Žll'11144. ii li\h('Ii 11(4441 41141 C~lilg 4414'411. 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''ll grealtl.\'l 41 -111' 's 144441 1 441'y t' Itl.ll e e lt' 14444l"tI tsliit' 44it444 44.' in l't4 being disontnte \4 ig k -ii iT ttttos cal11ed 144(' (144Živil 1114.' en t \\-e44 4.a14,4 114"4 44il4l a 14grea 1. 41" 441 1114 buI114''41144 ll 11haŽ 144an endurel''' 144l(It'1'i'll\ W ihs hish I'IIII('t we4( IaI" lIl4Ž1'4'iIi g but 1'4.1ŽI4 '.4111 y and4'. 144a' for1(nes and144('~.4 thes'II 14i444Ž4 t11hZ1i 44\ brn 11Ž. 141ia 'iull r i. (n i I 'ltll.' it 1 liy (e11'e4441(,4 ~ that41 111111e4 gil/C--n lo s Itnltr l 1 state 4 of 144' cit 444. \ 1441 844e d44V44cit ?i'S elevl i SI' 4414 11144 su es Huto o4 cu rl 1141. e str tiniV4l the l'Ell4Iigt.14 Jiltnl' '.VIaleinlC e 4(Vlas cl ' ('., '441 ŽIiI pr(411e hi4 411.V'.4 i''in 4 ii 14 Ili-. I ii44C41114ŽtI. Farme' 44111 44 t44ilt\\' -t a4444 4i4Ž44I1'(l e g('0 I1 Ihell' l. se OPEN FORUM NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the good of humanity. .Your copy must be legible and upon one side of the paper or. y; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under .his head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany your communication, but~will not be used if you request.-Editor. ,MOTHEItRS OF AMEIIICA, AwV : E Editor Bulletin: Mothers, wives, sisters of labor men awake! Danger is upon us. Our ideal of di mocracy is about to be cru cificd. The .picture show theaterl are I ing mnade the centers to instill the poison of militarism into our Iblooit. When the picture shows first Began they were looked upon as places for laboring people to go for entertain ment. Thiose of the people who hal more mnone" cliose not ti go tl 1r. Soon all that began to chang-.-- r cih anid poor rubbed ::hou:ders ill ti::. picture show houses. Our preachers. as usual condemned the "terribl evil." But nothing could ,top ti;., flow of intere:t land curiosity thali; carried everyone to tliese theat ert.. Thus the picture :how business was soon in the hands of big interests who grasped the opportunity to make not only money, hit to dicrct theI minds (if thie onloi.okers aliong ccr:aiic lines; of ilhought. When the war in Europe broke itl on the world thle picture films took on an atmlosphere of the horrors of war with the quick rescue of inljurec women and children by gallalt sot diers. These pictures, in turn, wel e replaced, gradually. by others of lkli inlport, but with the added glory trappings and subtle appeal to the nr' tistic in mil:tarisml. The powecr Of an organized and splendidly equipitpecd ariy in its beautifully portrayec, imovements was clearly outlined in the pictures thrown upon the screen,. If any horrors were shown they weo' always in t!e enemy's warfare. where. of course, they nlust necescar ily be confined. Have you soeen the picture of the new "electric gun?" lJust ask youlr selves one question: Is that device ,i the devil going to slaughter our ownii men, too, so me day; bring destruce tion to our properly, our houties, out loved ones; if not to us to our chii dren half a generation hence? It was said Kruplp and the kaise. had the war machinery to conquer the world. As we sit in the picture :shovws do we see the millions of dead faces staring up at us from the bat tlefitlds, where the omen of all ina tions anld all races suffered the agon ics of the damned, that they Ilight b.i freed froml the iron claws of mili tarism? I)o we see the crippled Ioy: conting holtme to heartbreaking' distp pointnments? Do we see the children. blorn feeble inl mind and body, be caluse of the imotional terror, lihe anxiety, the misery through whictl their fathers and mothers had to sub m't duiring tile wild havoc of mill tarisnm? Mothers! Mothers! Awake to the smiie destructive force fastening iti invisible iron-claws into the very heart of this nation at this very mo mont. These "devil guins" conisumn the flesh and blood of the men of our country its well as the flesh andi blood of all other countries. Awake! This is our day to ariit against miilitarism. Who pays for these pIicture films? What is the motive behind all this artistically set advertising? Who is tile real transgressor in wari? In other words, who pays the freight to educate us to the idea that nlili tarism is the only and trut relief fromn slavery anti oppression; the only method to train our boys into sturdy and patrioiicc: anhood? And we answer, the war-profiteer. The profiteer on the throne, the profiteer in munitions. the profiteer in food, the profiteer in the bodies iof our daugliters, the profiteer in the gold dripping with the blood of our boys on the battlefieltls, the profileer who gathers the slieckles in the name of religion or brotherhood, the profiteer who keeps our eyes on the flag while lie rifles our pocrkets in a-taricious greed. 'These, all these and the blood-licking newswiliters stand firm ly together to i-ake the picture-show mnilitarisii the one ideal toward which they desire to subtly turn our niinlds and our hearts. It is in famous---it is cruel---it is devilish. 0. mothers of the nations, awake! We' a,'e told that oulr boys fought and died for demnocracy. Do we ever see democracy depicted on onu of these screens? Why is not mnili tarisin shown to be the monster against whic:h the boys fought and died? Are our filins telling us of I this on iistoler? IMothers, awaken. Our boys died. and the boys of the Imothers across the seas died for the great dynamic principile of demnocracy-----"'a govern mnent of tile pt'ople. for the people, by the people," in the words of our itmnortal Lincoln. But we will lose this great opportunity the nations of the world have died to win if the niothers of this nat;ion do not arise and demand, with the men. that de ilocracy be established. That self dcterminaiiion of s:itall nations anlld the league of nations ibe mnade one for democracy and peace. This ideal of the laboring people, of the deep est thinkers, of the men and wonmen who love hlintmanitt. of the na tions of the earth struggling againslt mammonemt and his greedy spawn, is about to be crucified if the mnothers, tle sisters, the wives do not arise inl their might and power and stand shoulder to shoulder with thelir men in this demand for freedom. justice. brotherhood. * Do we want a standing army in this coullntry'? Do we want the mu nition plants run at full blast? Do we want the '~devilrguns" manufac tlrted to ltear out the vitals of our boys? Who stanlds behind this great movement to educate the people by the picture shows? What is the Na tional Scutnity league. by whom is it supiiported. The newspapers of this country have in the past told us--the great munition-makers in this country. One of these is Carnegie, the billionaire steel manut facturer, ansd it is reported in the press that thei ('arnegie foundation (a new form it tirust) with its $150,000,000, is a supporter of the National Security league, the great copper head and zinc corporations, ship-building corporations, the meat pakers' combine and all other proLfteering combines and corpor ations contribute millions of dollars not only to the National Security league, but to its subsidiary state organizations. Did anyone in this country ever hear tell of these working for any thing but the filling of their coffers with the "almighty dollar?" The National Security league is a menace to the well-being of this nation under the camouflage of patriotism. Mothers, mothers, investigate, educate, agitate for self-determina tion for the league of nations--fol' denmocracy, if we fail now God alone knows how terrible the future will be for the hunman race. MRS. OLIVIA. Editor Bulletin: It is apparent that Bate pcoiple do not go into the affairs of the city and county government with the feeling of inten.' interest that they hav,: for their own personal affairs, yet as a Ititter of fact, the city and county government is indirectly as much to thetll as is ally otne of thaeir pIersonal affairs. Every taxpayer is entitled to an undivided interest in tlthe mannr ill which the governnlenlt, city or coun ty, is conducted, antd especially in the distribution of the funds. His or her yearly taxes are apportioned to I lh different funds each month in the up ikeep and support of the county an U ,ity, anid it nmates a titaterial .lliffet - enee to one paying a high rate of ta. ation, beside the repair and upkecl of his or her property, whether the funds are used discrimninat ely to fur titer the interest and standing of Ithe county and city, a.nd put them on roce ord as proslperous, or whether th,, funds are deplleted by extra\iagant of fice holders and the name of the cliy put on thet' Iad account side of thy ledger- which ultimately mall:n the depreciation of property. Yet it is a rare thing to see or hear of a taxpa - er visiting the county or city officc to inspect the books or check up the accounts of the dirfcrent officials antid employes, jlthough the constitutioi, stands firmly for the use of th'es:' public dloctuments by cvery citizee especially ia taxuPayer. The countt. officials and iemptloyes are in thle iem ploy of the taxpayers, and it is as Iobligatory on the part of the tax payers to check ilup on their servants. as it would be for a dlepartlitnt storrt owner to check up on his different detlartments. It is not necessary, however, to ma;tke daily or mnonthl checks. B:t at intervals, it undoubtl edly is necessary for this to be dlone. Complltare the cost of horse hire I:: or 15 years ago with the cost of auto miobiles and gasoline for th(t county and city today. You will gasp withll horror! A. TAXPAYER. Editor Bulletin: If there is no Iiw that can he .nue to prevent the presence of little girls on the t ;trc't selling lie l'rs. one should be framced at once by city au thoritio;. It. is bad enotugh to hate the small ]'ogys exposed to the morc and phylyical dangers of street selling. but when little girls are allowed to lose their nlatural modesty and sweet nIes, to be exposed to the co(l sr jestS anld general street talk, to accqure Ihat bold and impludent manner tlhit is so well knownl to the teachers of the public schools from the boy newsie, it is a disgrace to the cosl itunity to permit it. Sinre it is after school hours 1 do not see how the difficulty can be coil trolled by the school aulhorities, but sulely something should be done. W\e have all read so many tale" about the poor newsboy who became a millionaire, anti there may be soime who have accomplished the feat. blul we read very little about the boy; who h.ave been taught all the moI' vicious habits. all the most proftin. andl indecent language, and the low. elt if ideals by their constant lartes ohuce onl tlhe streets. If the iinmates of the various industrial schools, re form schools and othelr places of cor rection were studlied I believe a larg or percentage would be found to be recruited froml the boys of ithe streets. Call you start socmcething? Il'S'I'Y. NewYork Pro-English Press, Speeches, Magazines, Theaters and Books in Gotham All Strive to Create the Impression That the United States Is Part of the British Empire-Oppor tunities for Women Are Many. (Special Correspondence to Iulletin ; Brooklyn, N. Y.. May 14.- My go\ - ernment work drifted on in the head less fashion that most governmcedt activities specialize in, except per haps in the case of the high heads, with watrnings being thrown out ev ery day that we were .to close inm meadiately if not sooner. 1 did not want to be left high and dry, and i. the middle of the year there woull be no opportunities for teaching. So I began to contemplate looking for a position in the business world. either where I could use my Spanish, or just plain American. Salaries are awfully low save in the cases where you can offer long experience cr have a pull with the onesident of the company. My expe rience in job hunting convinced me that while once you got in. no post tion required more than average in telligence and a Catholic sense of [ With the Editors The suicide of Salmon Brown in Portland last Saturday calls anew the career of his illustrious father, John Brown. who was hanged for .trying forcibly to free the slaves. Practical ly the whole nation is now unani mous in the worship of John Brown's memory, yet lie was unwilling to gain his ends by the slower means of peaceful agitation. Technically, he was guilty of a criiie, and he paid the price with his life. Yet only a few years later a million men of the north gave their lives, legally off course, for the accomplishment of I the same object; and the army of' the north legally took the lives of about a million men of the south. It can not be said that John Brown died in vain. While loath to admit that he acted wisely, we cannot deny that his acts forcibly brought to the atten tion the hideous institution of human slavery which was permitted in the nation. But for his activity the north might not have been aroused, .and might have lost the struggle. The pages of history are filled with stories of men like John Brown who led the reform thought of their time and were imprisoned or killed for advocating a principle which later was recognized and indorsed by the, world. From the time of Christ until today men 'have paid dearly for their devotion to the cause of righteous ness and liberty. This age, like all others, has pro duced its martyrs who will go down in history. while their persecutors will be forgotten, or will be remem bered only with scorn. But in all these ages the persecutors have been in the majority, and have at least had the support of silence from the masses. It is easy to go along with the crowd but takes a real man to stand up and be counted with a small minority when he knows lie will never receive a material reward while living.-- Oregon Press. Mayor Thompson of Chicago al lowed the I. W. W. convention to meet without molestation. This act created respect for the democracy of Chicago's city government and left the I. W. W.'s nothing to rave about as to persecutions, abridgmenl of right of free assemblage, etc. Riots were avoided and no damage done to anyone or anything. Mayor Hoan of Milwaukee now refuses to inter feote with an . W. W. meeting in that city today--Saturday, stating Iliat "persecution creates radicalism of the wirst kind and I do not want to in crease the strength of the I. W. W. in Milwaukee. I don't believe it my duty to set aside the constitution. We have the police department and the department of justice to see that there is no disorder, and to apprie ihelltl anyone whose reimarkl s are dis loyal or illegal." It really looks like a return to sanity and commion sense in this country, despite the hot-head edness of fanatics at both extremes. --Yakima Valley Farmer. T'rh investigation of the murder of Itosa Luxemburg and Karl Lieb knecht is verifying the view held by The Call at the time these revolution ary socialists smet their death. First Lieutenant Vogel, suspected of firing the shot that killed Rosa Luxemburg, has admitted that he gave a false account of what occurred to avoid discrediting the military authorities. The officer who is charged with hav ing shot Liebknecht in the back ad mits that his victim was fired upon at a distance of six or seven paces, ?laiming that Liebknecht was run ning away at the time. A chamber maid swears that she heard this of ficer at the hotel tell the crowd albout Liebknecht's automobile to "hit thiat swine," adding later: "l)on't let that iman reach the jail alive." What halppened resembles what was known as the "law of la feuga" under the regimne of the hated D)iaz of Mexico. Undesirables whose death was sought were ordered to run and then were shot for "trying to escape." It is now known that this is what happened to Madero and Juarez at the hands of the usurper, Huerta. This is the blackest deed traced to the door of the "socialist" govern ment of Germany. It is one of many that has alienated the sympathy which this government might have secured fromn socialists in other coun tries when the terms of the Paris treaty became known. A working agreement with the officers of the military caste was only one of nmany incidents beginning with tile supllortf of the kaiser's government that led the once powerful social democracy into its present ilighlt. This saime gang of militarists. oncu they feel it safe to do so, will turn against those whlo have nursed them and Iused them. A military coup d'etat always is a possibility in German, if presentt arrangeiments continue, and it would be a grim piece of irony if the Ehert government fell by the same hands that slew Liebknecht and Rosa Lux emburg.--New York Call. devotion to duty, you had to furnish qualification after qualification to get in. College degree, expert typist and stenographer. languages, expert ence. etc. With this and without pull one might hope to get more than $18 per. I was surprised to find out ho, little knowledge or common sen:.. were really required. I am talking only of positions for women. The only executive positions I saw worn en hold were office managers, anl who wants that job? Private secre taries are, of course, well paid. if you strike it lucky, but I was looking around in ordinary business houses, export firms or banks. Hundreds of positions under $18 a week. One e. port house wanted a Spanish and French typist and would only give $15 a week. Anyone who could live on $15 a week, it seems to me, couit! (Continued on Page Three.)