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Entered as Second-Class Matter, December 18, 19.17, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana Under Act of March 3, 1879. PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292 BUSINESS OFFICE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET SUBSCRn TION RATES: One Month ............. ..... .75 Six Months ................... 3.75 Three Mouths .................. $2.00 By the Year .......... ........ 7.1m The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places in Butte. Jacques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobban Depot Drug Store, 823 East Front St. George A. Ames, Jr., 31" 1 2 N. Main St. P. O. News Stand, West Park St. International N ews Stand, S. Arizona St. P'alace of Sweets. Mercury and Main SIs. Hrkins' 0 nery, 1(123 Talbot Ave. Everybod a' News Stand, 215 S. Montana Helera, Confectionery, 735 East Park St. 2 ls TI:IUES:DAY, MAY 27, 14119. ( 'tali hn.li lifll(I(l I' Ill l 1 il (llirl'V aani,Ig Ilie ldelegatnls to, the Pieasant S o m eth in g ,,,,, ;res,,:. as to \iti Ile peasants YouWill Not ( read a, write. Sieo.d, they 'alm ie( il'formllati((I about 111I(1(111 See in the inethils o,' orieiitire. 'nhirl,l they wan1ted kixwledge aborl saui Kept Press tatllill. rll(' N .1 isi'e. IN WINNIPEG; IN BUTTE. In ll thei ' l (w\\s x ,illllit s e\,iiaIaI t ingl f'o11 tlil he tlislhiets inl Canada lltll arei( engaged ill tIh .('eneral strike il symllpathy '.illt i the i Ital lradles w rker's. awhether those h ltletiis are .rriedi ill the aplitalislic l"er s> ,r otherwise., two lliill poillls st a llu l t lll ai .e ail xlahe lrs. Tiihey alre: Firs. lithe soilihlarily of the w\i rkl ers, tllld seem. ' , thll4e ci(', slant repelili ,il of the phrases "'le walkout was orderly and Ilniet," 1nd "'here haIs beenno 11s 1lisorder." How difi'f'real are ,hose bh lleti..s, especially with reference t1 the jii eil aliest ands x liet which prevails ia it, e Ch evein strikes \lwhei cont.sl ed with e)lllleils on strikes in Alleri('inll e.ilies. especially in Mll e. (hi lhe lone hand \\'( are 1111d that thuusalnds (1I' Will are awl strike, hIul withal, are orderly anld 4li1iet. in the lithlri hxld we are aVIl\ised th111 "\violence isi rifet. 111 111or tha ic'kets slll14 inl14oe l 'lll4 \ lrI, rs, oi " 1 ll e lls.ll - ilae Iot. Mele us lite liefor ilstlance, xIxhe walkolt which i(telirred ill the Dutle mines last winter. Assoiated Press dispatc.hes sent ,I ll trio i I otm l ihe e ol x ll e lii ltle Mini r and iltel I i teilli lxe Ill lh aiil the . ile lxltry in papers .arrying that sil lervice, lllifn sly \were padded with fake stIl f(I' boll[ . i i lelce IlrI I ii plished It r al 1h(411115 \\xilxs (·'111441 11144r1 II) Ill\'iiit thlle( tl'ill(''. thatdi.l (Iiit istil. ellapted by strikers. Iwhel , las n mattter of aiiil, whllih elery One in luttle knows. there w'as no disorder, except in rases where hired gIfu 11(1e o ,tlhe A inat u t llitla per Miling lcon' pa51y, 11t1h 1 the pii lie 'l fo e an nllli '', alttelpted t in.ile the strikers i1( dislt uranes. Ta'P re hsinite.c he Assied Press I P s(l story sent lill rtri'teln ih( Millepr o'fie anl gi\enl l'ront page pro, lin1ence in Paler, xhait bet r 111 thke night whel \\'illiae ,. 1 lllluel was 1 ,, lelY. .d te tr ( x' the liuililat hig t I'1ln ( 4 l in it ieralie e it. a llih lle fi'r ' llY haeor. SMrel. thatl assenIlhige was orderly; btl Ihe Miner's As socialed 'Press story sent ,,11 described how e.w.\vds 1f' "'wab bly" sympathizers with 11(11111 were ",s .rched for I, \'(al..s and disamur ed in Ithe council chamber:" hl.w artler the resullt oII Ille count had heen an1nou.n(ed they roared their disapp,'vol with threats i1 'ioleln e and then, said the Miller's dispullh, "marched frlon1 the .olnn il c'hamber singing tIhe '". rsell ise' auld "The Internal 4ti,111,'l. Otf c'ur'se, n,1 such things happened, hul aln ua\narllished ae c(1 lnt IIIr the iwroceeldingS at that ime(elilng (1hi( 1 l l\,have ihe imagi1ation ,1(' smile "hop-hld" in the Miner editorial roolns was alhled 1upon to fIrnish the thrills that did not exisl. II Canada,. apparently, the ,or'poratins lnd the aulhr ie.iS have n1t yet reached the stage oIf' unanimity where they selnl els can he ac'used o y1iodle'e: lpparelntly the correspnhnd nls witl( the nus 'k ,1(' hig business 1 ndll, ('ns(e(luenltly, the slrike news ,chuma1atilg 1'10)1ll po(ilnls in the d i(nllilion still boers a semblance to the true cvoldition1s. vrnkers ii till craifts there tire (leterliiitetl Il sti.id beljind the metal workers I'r recagnitio.n .i the iin amdl belter w\'rkiill! iolditi iaiis. lichi thly we reid io lthe wVi ikers in sime a.iddi lit iitl cily or llrvinice wiilking mtl liiiiiiintously in sympii iliy with the \Vilnil'le Ine 'lu l \\'llkers. il wilth it all is te note fit peaceft l 1)14test: Il lioleli'e. The stri ikers ill \W\'illlillpeg. ( 1uilgil'. 1', Id ollitit ti and T, r'al ill Iare exactly the sae . e ' m.etal' ll \\,workers s aire in Itiilte. lii lltel iul.ost at the strikers in Caii.la i lihave seeni serlvie ili the litle miinies. The Ifatl that there diriing their strike. while everytlhiing is tied iupl, the strike c: uii ittee is hilmniuiiely les sei'g the rigors ml the shut -dowu\' witlh referencce to Ilie de liveries ll' ilck l ia d I' pliad llrdul s ( m d thalt the strikers In a miil, iat ibectuse oi l'f (ce, huilt beeiuse oi their awni \alitilis, are ilpeacel' l, shl\\'s io'ilulsivel"y that the sime ml en I ni strike iii Hlhitte cruiilit be guilty l' the outrailges charged againist thliei by the c.r'lr ration tres.. lJut, as everyone kiws\\. all vi\lenice thatll has ci'lllrred in uttel dllrilig last strikes has been directly invited by stali pigeons aniil gull men ill the emp)lo of the corporatiios. MAYOR STODDEN- THE NEW ORDER. 'Parents shouild Viarni their childiren iat ice," staited IMr. St. tlenl, "lthal i lt t Ih boy ugilht del'teiug uiliuinigs ill ainy wtay r \ the dro\Viiig or figuires or writing t amll.es .i the walls at the bihildii.gs will result in the laly being alr rested auid rllrosecutedl. This is mlalicils im ischeiie tili~t i uust he stoltlledl. Telachers shtudill also wari the chil eni uilul talke steps Ito see that they lire niut allo.ed Ito carry chalk away triaiI the s.hiul roomis withi theii." Thle alibove piroclamation 'ri Mayor WV. Tomi Stodde i should shinte the hlammier aid lnvil chorus into silience. After' this tlemlionstratlio ll o' will It iwer anld couralrtge, aill is owVl. who will now\ have the temierity I t suggoest that our lmayli is of the rubber-stamp varietyl, that lie takes his orders frl'or Roy Alley's junioir stenog.; that J.ikie Oliver is his Colonel House; that he is subordinate to "Eat 'EIm Up Ed," et.,--, Union Stock Holders in the Butte Daily Bulletin UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee, Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith (Bear Creek). FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston. MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston. MACHINISTS' UNION- Great Falls, Butte, Livingetin, Seattle. CEREAL WORKERS- --Great Falls. TYPOGRAPHICAL IUNION-Butte. BLACKSMITHS' UNION--- Butte. Miles City, Seattle. ELECTRICIANS' UNION--Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda, Seattle. BAKERS' UNION-Great Falls. SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls. PLASTERERS' UNION--Great Falls. RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City. MUSICIANS' UNION-Butte. BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte. HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte and Bozeman. STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte. BARBIIRS' UNION-- Butte. Metal Mine Workers Union of America. PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte. MAILERS' UNION---Butte. STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte. BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte. PIPEFITTERS' UNION-Butte. BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte and Livingston. STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls. BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls. BAKERS' UNION-Butte. INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte. LAUNDIRY WORKERS' UNION, NO. 25-Butte. PLIMIBEIIS' UNION-Butte, Seattle. BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO. 224---Miles City. TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City. IIOD CARRIERS' UNION-Helena. BROTIIERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER LODGE NO. 430-Butte. BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte. TAIIORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte. BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA -Tacoma, Seattle, Livingston. INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle, Wash. WORKERS', SOLI)IERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall, Seattle, Wash. BUIILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle. INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle. AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA Away willh all that sitif , you knockers! What fulrther evi 1014' d, yin re(l lil' Il at 4 ilIllr mayI' fIrol')i Ilcle o her (ol'li Iry is a1111111 ouil' 4i1art.s, Ile mi sl promiiel t of whiih is his Spllle? 01tllt'i l'l t nmyar ltreat llte laws of the .ity fathers a.s "1m1re sc'rails 44l' pa'lter, mlld 11 lltt his I'iendsII l e the payro'll? Ihidlil ,.I omll w 1 0r (lelfy all alibi stil lry ipolitiiall c'naln ls whle i1 plt the tribe of Sti4dl len ill 14411(1 w'il the city's ct' el'rs? ()(e would Ihave l hol)llght that this wo\\'ulI halve been sufl'icienl it ill 1 to .shal e the ltl'jilg criti's who have been insisting tall (lt1441' that all] Mlayor Sttidleli had to do wa14 s to draw the 4tly Pll'velelole 4 issue it I'' r'oelltI'ed hli liday t )'rtiahlltatiolls. \\'e lhave 11 Ilayo ill this I(law --aill kindIs 1'of mayorsll1'. t11' lig; h Ill It low degree--sl Ii ieless liity)i' , wVistly-wtashi.y Iltiy44I'.s, .\Io()Zy illy)lrs, i;llid Iyl ~Sy mllanyors. \\']e htive Ihad Ilityl'S \'who, W'heill properly "'hol)IpeId ift p. W. 1 ll . s .iis elid sIlch I111101' alll illnciCiseu (,lull q l ial (,stitltllitoill t (1"11i1ti(t'(s its 1fee spoteeoh, 'leO sse.Ilelbllge 111id it fr'ee 1)'0es,. Itit nlever, so hit4 's lhistory r'Cords (' 1t1P1o4'y recalls, ha' liuttle 11h i a altlyor who throwh down Il e gailli ileot to Youlimg Anier-l ilit allrd iullried thelli ill siterr i d terriyitnlg language thud they werIe hto le hdeprived of thelir only ileaiiis (1of public ex l'ression., Ilie age-long recognized right to place ll 1, 11 the walls ofi' il41blic itildli lvgs theirtl' lt 1lland Illadllltelr'na ed I ho.g.il.ts. While we 4144 not approve of this latest f'o1'ml of sup1t1ressio1, \\we e foI'rcedil tl iinirie thile admtileillIit coutllnaige of the mayilolitI ill thlis. Iiis laest kingly ('oninllnilllihlle. 11B11 lt perhapsi this is meriely a1noither of the Siglns of Ihie "'ie\\ lorderl' ' ofIlil~s.." --- ol' shl11ldl1 \ve saly Ilie Ol11 or'ler- --ill whili ch ''lese liiijes'te'" .llce Il11l becIlt les a h p-lilleI' iii Ilie ('I'nil Ait 1ily i fit4. 1\\' \v ili your hIai nlel's. Let lis litive h ' I1()11o . ,'llc't' 11141 ' l441ileltlil ll1, OVOll i hIutg.li it be 114eIO(f .It 1'.\ It 4OIserve Ii 1ll'l '1th 4i' ,f til"y byh sitiilig li111le Ih i'i l1l1i(." 'Lolg Live the' Kitg and Queen.'. .\II Liail M\ rn . l.' Wl. 'Tlh mas SlhioI ! HAIR TONIC VS. SOAP SUDS. News lreports this. mtoirning tell of the death at Irving.tlin-on Ilti.dso. N. Y., of "'Mala.hn Walker,"' relputedl to have beetn the wealthiest niegress in Ihe wor'ld, laving amtassed a tfortine of imore than l ii millin t dh'. liins through tilie sale of an alleged bhir restorer." The "nlnt .lnln's" lil'e (c.llld e nu.tle the sutl,ject of ii sermon. insleatd aof washinig the dirty lingerie of the w\omein of the Weulthy at perhaps. a dollar n lay. the Walker woman hid her ideality u.o le the ipsloniynI .f' "'mtuam," bottled a mixture 'of river water lulld possibly smiule scen('t and coldoring matter', leil e it ii'r restorer and, plalvig ail the \'anities of these n tie \\.m tIen of the ile rilt,O sild the iixl tire to them at prices that enabled her io.sec r'e a liillioni. E it \\llshe\\rwomall, Eliza Wal\Iker lprobably w\\'ild have sIitl\ed. 'r atl the best, mahi'de otly hier hare living'. As Mada \\Valker. tea4!ty! specialist, .i' \wllatever she called herself, sihe tmnict' a 'otrtne' . Ajiii still. 'leailiness is said to be next to lo.liiiess. " TREAT 'EM ROUGH. Mi's. Stitilni wt as lootkinig t". Itrotble anid smie got it. lilth Mt's. Sullivan ail hera t ie uo .illed me the vilest inamies. \\'liile I i'regret the t''t'il'll.eu e. I do not regret the results. I lihad thiti both 1 fight, iandl I got aiway with il. Fr'tonit smiie of the Inublished Ielioilt I w\olld nio recognise it its i siOme ' al'ait' I ha l tiken paril ini. 11' Mrs. Silli~va got a gouitd "'wtii'king livei' shite lihbutgit it ton herself'. The abliove is Ilft from the 1lit oif ack Johnk soni, "'Leftyl Lotiie.' "(lyp1), liithe Blood l'l 'Iatl 'Eta Utp Ed"'--ierl'e amai Ia'.s whvlien it ctnties to stagilng the iirough-stinrt' and backing it iup w'itlh the uhar'd-iled talk. 'the alttithr of the above glad iltot'itil gea is tionie other thanii \I r'. Violenit Cooney, 'whiose his titnid \wits iiutdvertently l le it c.niityv conui issioner' last flull. \VWe readi oa itl unln'l'tig'eitts being made by the shipping tluotrdi ltul the railroaid admituistratitli 1 hilandle the tr'ansliportation tt' the t 'I,2lt,(tti),0(i buIlhels ,1' whl at expected ini the corningi ihar'vest unil at the Si e tll imte \V.ltuthr \wh'el l annoiu celen tiet of tintti iet' inci(rease in the price 1' 'lour w'ill be. made. Stranige, isn't it, that a i, tlt report retquires endo'rse.iuel: \\ ilte i nlad lreport will ble i.ie.'li, d illlmost any place at its fale llaltue Ilfrom i l stlranger. i thutred and revenge mnake a Amt[ base for a lasting peace. I The Little End of the Horn (ý Iht) ..2". l • Political and Industrial Con ditions in Europe and U. S. (George P. West, the atllhir of the following article, re cently retired from the position of special assistant to Mr. Basil Manly, one of two joint chairmen of the United States war labor board. Prior to that lie was editor of the Public. one of the national magazines of liberal opinion. Mr. \Vesl is perhaps best. known for his co(11ccticon witlh the ilinstlrial relations coninission, of which Frank P. WValsh was clhairlianl. the federal body which condl(lucted a counitry-wide investiga tion several years agno, revealing a remarkable story of Ihe coin spiracy of capital againLrst thIe workers ini this counltry, anti placing before the nation fuits regarding the ilndustrial silua tioii whiclh form a basis for all cIamlpaigns for a better inldus trial order. Mr. West was one of the chief investigators and joint aunthor of the conrlission's report. Mr. West has re cently been enrgaged to write for the Bulletin, inl connection with tihe Fargo Courier-News, a series of letters on national, inotluslrial, political andi( social evenits of great significance. Editor.) New York, May 27.-Nothing more revolutionary has come to pass dur ing recent years than the active in tervention of organized religion on the side of economic justice. Today the greatest churches in America, in respect to numbers and influence, stand definitely committed to radical prograims of reconstruc tion inl perfect harmony with the programl of the labor I)ovcnlelt and of tie Non-lpartisan league. lteactionaries who attack these progra nms as "bolihevistl and "dis loyal" must attack the Catholic church and the Methodist church on the same score or else admit their insincerity. The Catholic church, speaking through four authorized bishops, has come out with a smashing pronounce ment in favor of co-operative produc tion and distribution, state competi tion with private industry, and the proposition that the workers must become owners of the nlachinery of production and distribution. On Thursday of last week, the Methodist church made public an official declaration adopted by the board of bishops, the highest author ity within the church, in which it is set down that "there must be pro gress away from selfish competition andi unselfish co-operation in that struggle for daily bread which is the largest single fact in the life of the majority of men in any community." In what follows these twenty bish ops leave no doubt of their meaning --of their determination to commit themselves and their church abso lutely to the side of the workers and producers in the great struggle now going on between privilege and de mocracy. The statement in full, as made public May 22, is as follows: "The bishops of the Methodist Episcopal church, assembled in reg ular session call upon the ministers and laymen of the church to give most earnest heed to the application of Christian principles to social re construction. It is increasingly man ifest that there must be progress away from selfish competition to un selfish co-operation in that struggle for daily bread which is the largest single fact in the life of the majority of men in any community. If this progress is to be orderly and not violent we must leave behind us the evils which lead to deplorable vio lence or counter-violence by either party. "If Christianity is a driving force, mraking for deriiocracy, we cannot put a limit upon the extension of de mocracy; we mlust recognize the in evitability of the application of de mocracy to industry. While we re oice in the adoption of all such ameliprative measures, as better housing and various forms of social insurance, w' esall for the more thor ough-going emllph.l.f ,ou Jluman free dom,n which will nit-democratic progress mean the enlaa i' nt and enrichment of the life of fit' a-ses of mankind through the self-d tive activity of men themselves. "'We favor an equitable wage for laborers, which shall have the right of way over rent, interest and profit. "'We favor collective bargaining, as anl insitruellnt for the attainment of industrial justice, and for train ing in demllocratic procedure. "'Alld we also favor advance of the worlkers themselves through profit slharing and through positions on boards of directorship. "In the discussion of all such mat ters we urge all individuals and groups to hold fast the tolerance which come's out of mutual respect, and to keep always in mind that the riche t source of sound social idealism is the Gospel of Jesus Christ." No one can study these official pronouncements and think about their significance without coming to the conclusion that the battle is nearer won than any of us suspected only a few years ago. Viewed from any angle, the tact that these two great churches feel c('alled upon to commit themselves officially to the program of the organized farmers and wage earners means that we have made the turn, and that regardless of tihe struggles that lie ahead of us, regardless of the prejudice and mis understanding and selfish interest that still block our progress, the goal is in sight and the time not far dis lant when we shall arrive. Many are the scoffers who will say that these churchmen merely see the handwriting on the wall, or, to use a more profane figure, that they are merely climbing on the band wagon while the climbing is good. Admit all that can be said in this vein. Admit the Russian revolution has struck many a mind with fear. Admit that no institution could sur vive that does not swing into the current of the world's progress. Ad mit the wide gap that often yawns between professions and perform ance. Admit all these things, and then, according to your generosity of spirit, give these men your trib ute of appreciation for a striking manifestation of either true Chris tian spirit or of unusual intelligence. That it is in fact Christian spirit no one can doubt who considers the human side of the churches and studies their constituency and their sources of support. The truth has prevailed in these official pronounce ments only because the responsible clergymen of these churches have faced with open eyes the issue be tween right and wrong and have chosen right at the cost of incurring the opposition and ill will of what are today the most powerful forces in the community. Almost over night, the progressive and far-seeing young clergyman who thought of himself as in a minority and on the defensive finds himself backed by the highest church author ity in all that he does to enlist the church on the side of the people in their organized efforts to throw off the yoke of the minority who have exploited them. In each instance these pronouncements mark the tri umps of such men,--men who had to struggle with misunderstanding and slander and persecution, and who have eventually prevailed because the truth was on their side. In the Methodist church, the story of the declaration quoted above Is largely the story of Bishop McConnell of Denver and his support of the Rev. Dr. Henry A. Ward, secretary of the Methodist Federation for Social service. It was Bishop McConnell who wrote the social reconstructinn resolution at the request of hit col leagues, and for whom its. adoption by unanimous vote meant an expres sion of their confidence and respect. s for Dr. Ward, he has recently the center of a controversy that slipt S well as any like incident ho th fh. rches are changing and how they ___1_radually but surely identifying Ctu n principles with the demands of o'`.3 ed workers and producers. Every four years th'e thodist chuj'ch holds a general codlp ence or convention. In 1916 the. . ence met at Saratoga, and Dr. Wal went there to lead the fight as sec retary of the Federation of Social service. For years the book publish ing concern of the Methodist church has refused to recognize the unions in the printing trades. Its manage ment was in the hands of business men who only knew that they had got along without any union, and who saw no reason why working men should organize for their protection and advancement. Dr. Ward came to Saratoga with a plan carefully worked out, and with the assurance of the unions that it woull be satis factory to them if the church adopted it. It provided for the preferential union shop. He made a hard fight, but lost by a narrow margin. The reactionaries realized that times had changed, and they were left victori ous but uneasy. The fight will be renewed at the 'next conference in May, 1920. Hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of printing and pub lishing are involved, at the church's plants in New York, Cincinnati, Chi cago and San Francisco. Dr. Ward was- recognized as the leader of the maovement to enlist the church on the side of organized labor in its in sistence on recognition of the unions. Last January, Dr. Ward devoted one of the regular bimonthly bulle tins which he issues to Russia. In stead of accepting everything that is reported about Russia in the cod dled and kept press of New York, he went to all the original documents lie could get and talked to Col. Ray mind Robins and others who had been in Russia and who did not see retd whenever they contemplated a regime in which bankers went to work and workers ruled. The re sult was a bulletin that shocked ev eryone who was convinced that Rus sia is being ruled by bloodthirsty de mons. The reactionaries saw their c.hance. If they could brand Ward as a defender of the bolslieviki, Ward would be discredited and out of the running, and they would have plain sailing when lie came forward at next year's conference to urge recog nition of the printing trades unions. The attacks began in the Christian Advocate, a New York church paper, Ministers of Washington, I). C., were persuaded to adopt a resolution con demning Ward, and so was a local conference of the church at Phila delphia. Then the same men went into a meeting of the syndicate that published Sunday school lesson books for the Methodist and Congregational churches, and got through a resolu tion to discontinue the publication of Dr. Ward's text books. These had been used for years, by both church es, and were among the most popu lar. Meanwhile, Dr. Ward's friends were active, or rather, the friends of democracy and justice, Twentieth Century models. The Congregation alist members of the syndicate and the editors of that church's publica tions condemned the resolution drop ping Ward's books and called upon the syndicate to rescind its action. They indorsed Ward and praised his work. The Methodist ministers of New York City met and adopted a resolution to like effect. Finally, a full meeting of the syndicate was held and the action against Ward was rescinded. Thus is the ferment working inll side the churches, and thus is rapid progress being mad' The pioneer work is done, ant ',enceforth young men who go in for the ministry will find their path toward the practical application of Christian principles made easier by the official pro nouncements of the highest authori ties within their churches. They will still need all their courage, and it is a long steep path from the declara tion of general situations where wealth and the established order bar the way. Today the Methodist church is raising a fund of $125,000,000, of which many millions will be avail able for study and investigation in the field of social and economic re construction. Plans for the use of this money, including the setting up of permanent new agencies and the extension of old ones, are in the hands of men who take the declara tion of the bishops literally and who are facing with courage the problems of how to bring it to pass that co-op eration shall succeed selfish competi tion in the production and distribu tion of life's necessaries. Not much yet can be said of their plans, for they are not yet worked out, but there is reason to believe that the work to be done will be a most val uable contribution to popular under standing of the facts and propaga tion of the remedies that go to the root of economic evils. Justice cannot be done in this con nection without paying tribute to the official pronouncements of the Methodist church of Canada, adopted y the general conference at Ham last year. The conference for fmg deplored the failure of the Metho church in the past to at tack eco ic evils, and asserted that the "GC ian church must lay great stress u l-fhe obligation un der which we 1liOa dealing with (Continued on Pii-.ieve.