National Industry in England
By WILL IRWINX in OAKLAND 11 ,IoI).
"Within a few months the mines
of England will be nationalized; a
short time later the railroads will
also be taken over by the nation; be
fore long the great shipping indus
try of England will follow."
This was the conclusion reached by
Will Irwin, the war correspondent,
in a lecture on "Industrial ('ondi
tions in England, France and Bel
gium," given last Sunday night for
the People's Institute of San Fran
cisco. at Eagles' Hall in that city.
The nationalization is Lloyd ('Georg's
clever counter-move, lie aid, to
block the workers' demaund for na
tionalization and the joint control of
industry by working ien and em
'England is the mitost in' restilng
laboratory for social study in Eu-,
rope." he said. "'England p:s.itive.l '
is going throughl a almazing (.'ii'.
The English are dreadfully slov i
imagination and they are instinetive-t
ly conservative not in politi"s alone,
Ibut in the clinging to old thing.;. Ialt
when they learn what the right thing;
really is, they will go further. I It -
lieve, and sacrifice mi 're for it titllit
any other people.
"Before the war English Ilaoe and
capital had got into a very vieitltw
circle that it seemed itipo.sll l,' for
labor to break out of. Empl)oyer.; had
set a maximum wage. which iwas for
mnost of the major trades, thirty ::0l
lings or about $7.501 per week, land
union Inhor did not seen to 1.ie hle to
alter things. Ianions might ·niuecedt
in getting in the liecexworlk syai itl.
but no sooner would worker .I s Ii lak
ing more than $7.50 a vweek Tho: tile
piece scale woulld h)e lowered. nll
aemploymeneit was chiroltic-- Ilh l 'I
employed averaging five plr ceni'l.
linder these cilrcumstit a res Iabor's
creed becanme 'restrict output.' if a
mani worked hard, he could tpro'l,,e
his week's quota by Wednesday i:ght
or Thursday lmolrning and have rilt
rest of the week off. Englan!d hiad
little or nio social legislation ft,' tihe
tprotection of workers as had (,r
imany. Therefore she had the re
strictive ouitput to contend with. ,:
Germany had not, and she foiiiid sIit
was falling behlind tGermany in pciro
"Time English governllllettt es;v tlat
it could not win the \wari witl il:ic
restrictive practices: 11 offect. :) it
sought and obtained all agrteeiii'lt
with the unions. Governmenllt inl;la
try boards were forlmedl to adjulst
hours and wages. and the uoitiulis
agreed to speed iiup. There «v .1 no
longer any3 unemplloynment. and 1nttg
lish labor had its first season of ipros
plerity. Wages rose, and so did the
cost of living. but if anything wa:lges
rose a little faster, so that tlhi I!Lcit
ish workingman was better off it'. I
lie had ever been lbefore. Wo ' 11
and children went to work al'o,. I-.
ducing the number of depl)endents in
the worker's family. And .,other
things happened to show Eaglish
workers the light. The Autia',ilii.i
and New Zealand continentals aelite
il) and began to put ideas into tie
heads of the English Tomnlics. The'
EInglish agricultural lablores. in
France saw that there the woi'rker.~i
for the most part owned their: ow1
"A journeymaln printer I ltook a
drinlk with put the growing ..uglisi
idea into words. Hlie said: .
they signed for four years to s;ive
Enlgland. and now. God, they're go
ing to have a piece of what ltihy
"A great and quiet growth '':lntl tol
the British Labor Party. Thle unions
themselves, previously cult tli inito
such complex systems Ithat it would
take a day's hard study to untier
stand the arrangement, begst.l io
simplify themselves, In 1917 scilm
the Nottingham congress an I It i
famous British Labor Party priograitl.
which, in my opinion, has an eit'l
chance with the bolshevik systeal (of
becoming the Mlagna t'harta of La
"Lloyd George is a clever Ipoliti
cian. He saw the growing po1'\er of
labor and sprang a general elhe.i ,!
instantly and formed a coaliit.nit.
That election was iprobably its uni
rerepsentative an election as 'ver
was held. Thie men at the frolnt
were given a chaince to votte-- polil:
were set iup in the trenclhes. iiit a
soldier at the front feels that hie is
in a different world. Scarcely i
fourth of the soldiers voted. .lil1my
of thie labor men at honic hI hei
comne direct actionists and reflused toI
vote. Lloyd George made, i wxli:l
wind campaign through Englai,. .\tl
ter the election the mnajority :)f 1lhi
workers said ill a new tone- Biilk.ed
"Now dulrinlg the wiar o eahl snop
had a shop steward, through wh.i )n1
the government tdid I)usines. Of
tliese shop stewards, all ~were y'"tu.g.
lllally were radicatl i.tl( not a fc-'w
werce bolshevik in telldoneiy. 'ii e
cpontallneous strikes that tied iu all
traffic in London werel called by.
(Unions who vote on the Mooney
strike are requested to furnish re
sults of the balloting to The
Bulletin for publication.-Ed.)
Results, so far as The Bulle
tin has learned, are:
Tailors, 3 to 1.
Barbers, 3 to 1.
Plasterers, 2 to 1.
Electricians No. 65.
Silver Bow Trades and Labor
Pearse-Connolly club, unani
Mill, Smelter and Surface
Metal Mine Workers' Union of
Workingmen's Union. 68 to 55.
Wood, Wire and Metal Lathers'
International Union No. 69,
Workers', Soldiers' and Sailors'
voted unanimously for Mooney
Rubbe r and Tireworkers'
union. 13 to 2.
these shop stewards-each calling
out his own Imen. Suddenly tlh
strikes fell to pieces. The reason for
-that was that they were simply spn'i
taleous strikes. There was 1no or
ganiaztion at all, anld strikes need o;
ganization as much as an arm.y.
"The reaction from these sl rike
was a rush back to the labor uni-i-:
with the result that the unions gro,\
not only bigger but mucIh more i lii.
cal. Amerina might he surpris·ol 1I
know that the English uniti n m.n
listen to the talks given by t111e Amti
ican labor menit that go over there fo:
that i'purpose, listen and Ilen put
their toingues in their cheek, t.in1
say. 'Aw. that's what Grantldpa uel'd
to tell us.
The climax carile w lilen 11
coal miners. tie railroaHd wotrkcrs
and the transpoIii rt workers (the ,'onI
who dto the loadini and unlo:nlin,
for EIngland's great shipping indis
try I formed atn analg'ination. These
thriee llnionis w\ere very strong, very
radical and very ably led, es;i..iTl
ly the tliners. who had for a leiader
a wonderful Scotch mystic. "Ttrey
threatened Lloyd George with ,a
strike on Maccith 15. unless by lta,
tille their industlries had been na
tionalized and put under joint ( )it
trol of workers anld emnlployers. Lloyd
Geolrge is as a ruIle a very calmi li!t t
nian, but I saw when he came oiut o,
a meeting with the unionists that Ihi.
liands were working inervously. 1'-w
ever, lie did get theIm to Ipostpone t'eic
strike until M\arch 20, and Iby a (i'
ious coincidence. on March 20 I1,i
C'oast Guards were bliroulght back and
paraded throulgh the city.
"Biti Lloyd George knew he could
linot boat the iunions, that the best he
could do was to stall themit off. .t
knllow that I he workers wit h the tlloil
just tcomplaint and greatest pop.tilar
symlpalthy weore the tiine workers. So:
te launched a sudden and wide tul
graphic camilpaign of nluckralking
England had nevet'r Cbeen mtickrll lketd
Ibefore- - andl Ias a newspapler liait I
must give Lloyd George credit for
ldoing a thorough and workmnlaiitl'
job. He had mlen of all classes, cliil
imelt an1d millionaires. readinig tihe
newspaper accounlts of tile pitif !
wages : lnd terrible ondit ions in Ill,
mines and saying 'Shamle!' and '\W'
nust put a stop to this!' That i:
wivy we( are going to have Engla:d'.
mines nationalized witlhin a few
"Not only that, but the Whitely
plan of joint control is going to be
tried out in all mIetal trades fromu tlie
making of needles to the mlaking of
battleships. This is a system lik
lie soviet system ill formti if n11o ir
spilit. Each local fartory is to he
mulanagetd by a joint committele of
workilngmen and representlat ives (of
lie empnlloyer. aid each such commiit
tee shall send delegates to Inrge;
nolllllitlees ilndl so oil uip to it gellel'
national collllllittee mllade ulp equally
of iepresentatives of labor andl ei
pliyer, which shall have central n
OCTOR GOES CORZY;
SETS FIRE TO ROOM
TacomaIi . litule 21. ---1r. 11 ugli 1.
MclCuightey of \Vinona. Milnn., said
ito be ite of lithe best knowVt it lr
g-onls and pIiysiciats ill soulllh-r
Miinltesotal di-l ldhere tonight iil t iia
amlibullance' in \!lwhichihev he l Wa big
irusheid fromii ;I locatl hioslital to ith
,Westernl Washinigton hospiital fot the
inslue ait Stcilaeotlll.
\While under tlhe in l'ltuenct of
drugs. it is slatled, lDr. .lMcGauglih
beial eu violent in it local hoM tl ilns
afternoon, setting fire to his riittl
auitd thiio breaking lh, lullirtiiturt ianlld
DIES IN AGONY;
KICKS SHOES OFF
Sti Iafel, 'alif.. Junlle 21. A
miajority of the witnesses fainted
from the horror of the scene. whel
.Joseph tRogers and tClarlte Itollilns
dlied ai terribly prolonged deathll on
the gallows at Saln Quentinh prison
Friday imorning. owinig to bluntgiin.,
IIoechlaianisl. Itoger-s kicked sio
wildly his shoties flew off, ais his bod ..
contorited in agonies. was suspended
15 minutes lbefore lie died of slriug
ulat ion. Hollins died one minuite
Subscribe to The Daily
1)Il'ATHS AND IFUNELIt1,S.
Ilutrikhardt-T'he remain:s of \li:s
Ruth Iurklharldl, aged 26 years. will
be forwarded this afternoon frotn
Daniels & llilhoa's funeral chapel
to Sail Lake city. lVtaht, where in
Iterient will take place. The re
man.is will be c:olmpanied by her
faither. John ltlirkhardlt. mother and
Pasr.Ihoe ' ii llrinains of \l is' tubly
Pascoe. aged 24 years, \wtho died this
lorling will he moved Ilis after
noon to the fiily residence,. 608
1'West Galena street. where the fu
nleral will lake place at a limite to be
lniloul nced ill later papers.
DANIELS & BILBOA
Undertakers and Embalmers
t12 East Park St., Butte. Photne 881
Resldence Phone 4L17-W.
Anto and Carriage Equipment
FCLNI.Il L NOTI 'E.
Lavelle--Thit funeral of the late
Thomas Lavelle, age 34 years, will
take place Monday molrning, at 9
o'clock at thie family residence. 1116
\Vesl ('upper street, proceeding to
thie itun li n(clate Conception lchurclih,
where hligh mass will be e-lebrated
at 9:30 o' clock. Intermnent in Hloly
Reliable Undertaker andI Embalmer
822 North Main Street
GREAT FALLS FOR
The following Great Falls unions
have voted in favor of striking
to free Thomas Moroney, the
figures denoting the percentages
of membership who voted to
Ma chbinists ...............90
Machinist helpers ...... 5 "
I. B. E. W\orkers -...........S "
i'toaks and \Vaiilte .. ..... . )
Sheet Metal \Vorkhir.....
loilertua kers ... ... .. 75
11. ty. Cai t oel .. ... iU
'Paintestr s ............. ... ....
T t-a mr stcrs --------- ----- .
Engineers ........... .. ..... .
Cooks and \VWaitt-r.. ....... :".
Eloctric Wo(rk(.r . .. .........
Mill and Snltiern'en .......... 7 "
Carpenters .. ........ ...... 7
Plumbers, voted ill favor.
The carpenters and mill and
snmeltermen are taking their vole
over again and it is felt that the
strike will also carry with them.
(Continued From Page One.)
Inajority s:ocialists, centrists and
delncer:is hal.' registered tapprtval.
liepIorts irculalted say there is a plan
on fotol to sign tfle Itrealy "iltnder
protest." saying at least three les
irvatiolns will e maitde--con(t inuedi
3ppoisition to turning r \'ilhelt ovet
'.o an allied tribunal foir trial,. a d'
nlactd for fixation of a lunip suin for
indii nities and ; Iplea for the- ilm
nmedialte admlis.cionl of c(Gerlany to tlhe
ielal. Of natioOls.
t'rc'sidetint l:ihe'rt, who was said to
-acve decided to stand or fall with
the Si'hi ldeclatnnit cabinet, has aicppatl
-enly changed his attitude. He has
called tltt party chiefs togeat l r fur c
+ecret conferencec . obviously for th
'lcrpmose of seletcting tie personnel of
the new ministry.
Belief prevails that Ebert will be
ile to holdl out a:nd Iprobably dtonl
inlate the new governmentlll. Dr. d
ward Davidt. It'president of the national
assemibly, is lthe most liketly cidtli
dates for chancellor. Opposition to
war-d Nostke is growing.
(Special Unlited Press Wire.I
Weimiar, Junce 21. -Germaln politi
'al leaders suddenly decided last
night to withdraw tile notea to thie l
lies, in which further concessions
werelc dellmandetd. No lreasonll follr this
acticon is advanced. The situation
ci'ttills conlfused, butt flront the mtass
of conflicting incidents. the general
imlpression prlevails that tlhe treaty
will be signed.
I're:-ident Ebert tihas failed in his
effoirts ( fori t itl new c(biniet, owiing
to his inability to lobtain tihe sup
port of the mtajority of tpolitical lead
rs h(,here. The collference of politi
,al chiefs::, ill whlich an uttempt to or
gacnize the' Iilcistcy was icmade, ad
iouriic'd after a long sessionl. Ad
joul'llllli'llt was fo'rced by refuilsal cof
theic delllocratis to join ill the Iew gov
itc tenlt., unless c'ertaini fillliete' coii
'!s:icinls i-were made bytc3" the ailies.
As at resulct of the deallocklc. ]berl tin
Iltdiatiely disipatched ita ote Io tihe
allies, inotifying then thau t lie was
n!lllll e' to tri'ol' tll. giC)\'irnllllenllt cltid
ixatlion of ' i flat sn itof $25,000,
01i0,00 for indemnities, withdrtwal
of tihe allies' demandlllt flor slur'relnder
of \'ilhellu i ad iimmediate adlmis
sion of Grmlalnily to tthe liague of ccc
Thte note will c e dcii\ired 1 t iht
allies at \'ersaille,: y iSet'i'e'tary V'.n
Hatitiet of the G(reci'it peace derIt' ýa
tion. If the allies' ireply tio the note
is favorahl,. it is regatrded ,ti lil ctly
that thet democrats \\ ill join in i't1
ing ia niet1 cahinet. fil\(lor:bll to at:
ceptllaiccc' of the terms. Support of
thei detmocrats will capparetntly make
tiis eacilsy accomplished. In e\cnt
of tll n nctcf orable reply, it is tbeli veci
Ebcrt will make another c'ffort io
formt a cabinet without the d.,:t
s'iitE TO SIGN.
liasle. .ltle 21.-"''As thei' sigiiucg
of tIhe treiaty is now Ilabslutihtly c(ir
tain," ils' Icerlitn (Gazetto said. "the
t!lente cannotllll refiuse 1c tcal;e' into
aciount the minlisterial crisis andl
granti delay, as it. is inlpossible to
sigin blefolre thel timie limit etxpires
'i'IElII ONIY Ih:,FUGI:E.
S' pecital I nited Press W\ire.
Jl'llt'ne. June 21.-- Chlairmanlllll :IL
tI '1- ~'r . ilf the (iGe'lan a'rnlistic'e ttl
illission. declaret't'd 'Gemallllllly's cOlly
refug'e notw is the' league of natilons.
according ti ia Wteimalr dispatch to
cithe G(ermainl press. 'Iiihe lates :dI
\ ices stale they are Iinow unanimou slytli
ill fav\or of sigining.
P'auris. .luo 21. The big four ihas
I'ra''iv- (i l f''irol .\\Veiliari n te note iie
cin;cldinig furtlher conlccessions regarild
il~:t the cacce terlms. It is expleclted
they will answer this afternoon.
\tlatilic City. .lttle 2L. - - Saimull
(;oinlpes was re-elected president of
thle A\lllteiccan "ctlel'ation; Leader
IlncI anIll. elected first vice president.
.1osep,,h Valenltine. second vice prl'es
ident and Frank Duffy. third to'
A WEATHER BEATEN EIRD
He (on sofa)-She told me it was
her first year out.
She-Why, she's been out four sea-
He-Well, I suppose s'. co.nts
four scesons to the year.,
America in the World Crisis
Ii3 JIlF .T STU, RT POYNTh Z
The rising tid' ' ) 'volultion in
Europe cannot Ic a t "\America un
touched . T he c ,,!l j .. of the great
despotism of Ri:: ar and imnpeial
G(ermnany has undolci.ined Ithe strutc
tlure of international c(apitalisnm.
They were the s,3-s!tiie of the arch
or inlternational "!a ',v ;miad order."
Now that they Iiae liallen the op
ipressed millions of I.utlrpe- and Asia
.le stirring for tI ," first 1lil11e in his
tory. There is nol) it-, rtational power
strong enough to ki"-lp dlown the lid
Iof this boiling c;nldroll. But it
mullst he kept d. Wv., tsays interna
tional capitalibl , or we perislh.
At all costs, V\h.lir or f universal
f:amine or hloodtl-lt.d, new power
inllllt be raised ui !lmightlly enoughl to
do tile work of a .isiat and kaister
lfevoi lliollary It:>:i is t a danger
lousl neighbor fr,, tlie starving antd
alppressed 300(),t.111111n soIuls of
India. How lon iicoultd the small
BI ritish garrison I' thousands stand
against an awakeild peoplle with
arms ill their hands? Now they are
permitted nothing molllre dangerous
than a little stick. and their leaders
are promptly shot lor exiled for life
for spreading the light among lhelll.'
And what of tih imperialist lust
of Japan if the revolution infects
China's hundreds of millions wliho
constitute half the population of ouri
globe. So much for the cast.
In the west the nlnltlce of revoiu
IioI is niore serlilus. In under
mining thle governliments of western
Europe and esplecially of England it
would e sltriking a itdeath blow di
rectly at the heiart of intlernational
capitalisnm. Andt how loig., ask the
American capitaliss. would we he
able to hold out if socialism con
(liuers the rest of lhe world and
especially our staunch ally, Brilish
"We lmust gio on ori go undoer!"
Thus we can ilmagine the Big l'Four
declaring to eiach other over the
,table. To replitce the old alliances
'which rested on nmilitarist autocracy,
we lmust erecl't a new alliance rest
ing on al, militarist pl)utocracy. Call
I it leagule of nations or what. you
will. It. srlve: the purplllose of or
ganizing thle remnllants of the old
ordpr for tlie desperlate and inevi
table sltruggle with the new.
t)eilllmoc rcies, eveii bou rgeois dIe
mlloc'rtacies, tiave thIleir drawbacks,
hiowieverl, als ibulwivarks of intilerna
tional capitalisn. The progressillg
intelligencei of the workrs rniity en
able theml to seize enoulgh political
p)ower to endranger tIhe old ordller.
Engtlantii especially, the greatest
strollghold of illperialisil, is Iy no
iimeans ani illllmpregnable folrtriess. It
is qluite possible ttihat within five or
feu years the vitews of political and
industrial power will be seized iby the
I)Down tumbles the whole llouse ofl
cards! Thirty millions of ,i'ih
workers will not ari 10to role over
and exploit lthreel hundre' d mnillions
of their I-lindu fellows. They will
not be ready to police the lcditer
ianeail anlld gilvernl t he near iast ini
the interi ;ts of tl l lh ritisth govern
ing class. Tihey will not he inter
t'l'ed to co-opilerat willi Almericanl
Iainkers d il J p nelilst e mili arists in
holing cthinal iln serfdoil, whtile iher
people areii demora lized ttand l her1s
weatlh plundered in 1he interests of
iforeignl invll eslors. They will inot
force conllScriptio ill (t anadia atnd
Soul th Africa and t laice theilselvis
under Iilitaryii I iontdage us ill inllter
natioiinal Ipolic, force for t ,e masterl e
capitalism. They will not be will
ing to ,laruve miillions of their fel
low-workers tihli' Eti'uiopout con
tin(ent, men, woman 1111(l children ,
ill ordlr 1t force themll .-n((er th]e
illlernatlional i lpitalist yokte.
Oin thl, o itrary, i ittitish labior
govie'rnlmelth elected over night at al
most I11- limlle \ !wouldl scrll the whole
hideo1s1 ilmperialist st'io tilfO. woHId
give fr.leedoml t1o india ;111(d Ireland,
wouldl give food to Ittissia and Get"
Itatlly. iwoull Iflle to suppor)( t iheI
gredy pretensions If bourgeois
France. would throw ilself on the
side of universail freeii trade andl self
determinaition of lnatiorns. would as
tist inll breakinig dtown Ithe wicked
ecmiolnoic bIoycotts and blockdestls
which ildeprive Elllurope of food and
lml lelrials of wio"k. would l '11: up
(the Moltoch oilf British lililtaris and
inavaliism.ll i d, elli 'stia lish in its place
Ithie new 'oc ial ord'('er so eloque ntly
pictured ill Ite program of the
British laboir llparty. A:Iielrita would
then be ithe last stronlghold of cali
talism. ilut icpitalismll is bty its
Verly lnature international, iand could
nlot long surlvii. in onte 'tountrlr
aIone r Ilo atlteir thow bellight 1 le lcl
r'eaf ction y.
Situcl is Ithe terrible dreali whicht
hauntl s tit' triuble'di slteei ti orllr
-Atieri' lctuttt Iluig ati'es. I. I. i.tirgan
Otit:1 11. I iitihn. lohii ii . Iocikefeller
and all th, I lesser lights of Aliecienll
*fia'll'll . W. ' uiii i udleIOlst a nid, if \ei
cliiiOii syi atll iz i t' h, i tti i r ltn ic.ai
;it Ihe l 'dti )d dlsintlegritioiii of tilli'
riucl u th fite yeti rs tugi seemetltl
they fhi d 1 is it I tl e molililO t fu S biliroa.,
rnbl)ng i, yeys af'er his i-century
'-letp. Samson is ready to pill dow-a
i:s lifting it hetlud the .otllnie'ii-ti
conitinl-t. Ire 'filial defiance of labor
io iorgal itd societyi Ii Seattle and
\Villlliiie it tias m11e1 wi-t gi'eat si-o
'ess. I! i i't a triati only a ie
hItirrsil fI . . i'te thay' iut is a sut -
tisstfl ret' i tal. More iir practit.e,.
mI)ii li-titlin . ind even tie iridlistry
(if tilts lllIglt-y ilitlitient will In
Iidtt.'t Ill [atIds of lhi' workers.
lhat i< Io hi dine? Capitalist
idth .ioVei i -lit ifficial. batiiker arid
ittid plropt ganldist all seturvy 'iout'it
c i iw' olUtl J against ithe rising
Jails and ilrisons are crowded. hit
ior til\t iii . ' rings iii the air. I. i iU s
Flturlil'n to (he good old days of so
cial t )tu c'i i tlnd 11 e friends once more,
l lthu-r Thtat is the real Aimeritili
greti I s"Iu ilre of Am'erican industry
iris 'i'itred l.iowri wit !h the cltis t
struggte! Otit witth the strugglers.
L t.o us Allmerician ze atnd Americanizei
" gait: Iet us reinold the socialized
1111:Sses 0f Errelioe whicth have Coinlii,
Li WtO i'rk !It A ittirt'ail factories. LIt-i
5 reipn ce the now urge for conm
bintion and organization withl tihe
old frontier spirit of individualiam
an personal coilpletito'n. Let us
raise every prejudice against the
ignelr' that ('n be created by an
appeal to patriotismn, to provincial
is, to narrow, bigoted and ignorant
he task is not difficult. Through
ll the world's history the most
deeply rooted prejudice of thlie linil -
bes t any social group has bee)l
that against the ounside. the
1rliger, he t ho .ias not . na member
f the group. The Greeks called
Stn be ii) ria ns Ie'tause t heir
Irige speech s.olnded like "lha!
!" to the Greek ear. The Athe
nins made Helots of them. The
lomns cnsla"ed tlel0, ind :,st
nu to the lions inll tie arena.
laves in all timhs hlave been for
igners. fThe spirit of einlavenlent
is the spirit that lnimatnes the cry
e Anieticanizaion. It is the prin- I
ciple that fortified thie Russification I
of Finland, the Prussification of
Polnd. These selfish and danger
u tactics are those of the Pan
Sls. the Paln-Ruissians, the Pan
Germans, and the Pan-Ainericans.
The Ameriean labor piroblem is
niue. It is a lproblem of race and
nation as well as of ind iustry. The
American proletarian, tilt, slave of'
chine and mine. is not only of a
different social and e'collnlmic class,
lie is of a different rae. llanguage
d nationality fromn that oif the
master class. The rani ks of labor
frn the most skilled crafts down
lo the olst iuns-killed labor artl'e uill
osed of sulcces;sive layers of differ
ing nationality. After the nalive
Aerican of several genlerations, of I
hoin few a1re fiound in the prole
tiat, claine the lrisl and Germanllils.
iore privileged miember's of thei
skilled craft:s, thle Jews of easterni
Euipe. who monopolize the needle
( les, tile lolhen lians ill the tolbac'co
a other industries, thie Poles.
Says, Russians and iltungarianS of
h ainks of general iunskilled labor
in every Variety of factory. lirodlc
ion. nlining anid gricuilllll'te. Eaclh
gilu arrived iandlicappeld by thei
yrllny and exploilatiolln of the old
I to take up whatever industrial
lldenl was still lift to carry. Each
group was too apt lo look dovlnl llpoil
Ise that followed, to shrink froiln
nlii 1tld refule solidairil ty with
Ien. And lit tle ver'y otiltonl.
t tiir le ning the induiltrilal security
of all is the negro whose tragedy
it is to be the dregs of the induistrial
systel, the waste whichi is used ior
ronvii lslitle c.cording to the ueedls
of he lioi illent.
olildarity in suclh ia divel'rse 1niles
is ficult. The )pln of the master>
is t iima. e it inmpossilble. A false
p iganda of Americanism is used
to ppeal to the vanity and prejndi('c
o the older imnligrants and detalch
te frolli the i10 w(v' rninks which.
I ou h \voekit.:l econoiiiiiially, ar1:
most ihro ualtening indilustrially. T'he
tahe oluvilis ll anld iniscalled 1pa
iol.sml of tl ii' wari is the rallying
c for opipreesiln liand plersecutioln.
\VIlt is the al iswe'r of lablor to the
f ' god of Pan-.Almeri'alnisin? Will
tii t allow this red herring to lbe
n lWl i 1(11"r .s its 11Ith, to lMislead and(1
dle, diviide and 'rule? i'nfortun
111v Il1o ddenl y iutloig the 111mor
skileitd :wc;. too :luch in that di
tnd lilt' lo:'clrshill of 5amuiiel
ti )pers hlie AlAmericlan l"fedel'rationl of
L t r i.s mai king itself thie tool lof
i i wors;t lationalist reci ile on n1111
ilyla ng dir(ectly into lithe hanils of
I use whol p il to c.u's ll 111 Wcrlk
The ideas of (nomp4 :,re at
e sl sixty yoars Ibel.hiid tle times,
r athler they dale fioin sixty year:;s
ol'ie' te will', 11d1 sur'oly Ithe ilal',
lVellllt lhis lUiogrcssed a i whoe
ten try duiring the wViii. The A ci r i
l l labor imoivenill' is ill the tragic
sition of being ruled by ia loader,
tier a r despot. who is at least 1601
e rs behind thile liii's,.
It was in 1S5-l-61) in England that
ies siilari to those of Gotlllpe .s
ruledi the lebir lovenient. The
el was social peace'. co-ioperatlonll
t et ein ( paIii l 1tld labor. abhor- I
cc iofi rel'volultiionary ideas, dis
lhlation for political power, social
I ility 1n11d r':ignatio(n. Hl-umlle,
oii lilyla, tlll llu l l)ioils, indi vitidual
ti'. with itis nose to l(t' ground, I
tl I irade unionism of thalut (tlay
crled on i ts elly befiore rapidly
ee liping c'ipilalismi.
ton( Ithere similar principles
spred into (llermany through the
)lp of Sh htllze-I)elitzch, and to'
this (lday a sall groui of niiarrow-i
(idtled unions, wiho adli'cre to thel
t npers gospel, are lifting their
stes agaiilst I he 1tli\weirfll 'allyinig
of the lhls' s1luiglte raised tu
soiial ditiiiic'ralt ii' liliOin s. thven
unl cel(' th -i libelu un ilions i"!]of th
-ashiont'd i.nglislh moditl hand
ir day, bliltling ago rallied to the
lel of I iiii lis:i 5 . lii i'imlpl nisel i
cviaipi aliIt pXlctoitai ion.
he ]Inborl lllovemllt.l (f A111eriten
htls liiit wlit] n I i lli:li'rihlotll! l oli
hunits. Compllel'istil is ut relie of
ge n elratiol' I of dlved holles and1
d .il' iins. a i t'irpsi \vitihoiut lifeI
iitti l t. the virls of its oiw'n diiay
ear. It is 1heing" used by t he
ilvlisi.. of all (coulnlties ats thei
- oii.I I),rl' ul \vepll 101 agelinst IIs
li for'tc' of 1lieoi. An .\tuleciclln
r ' aiii n of l,-l hor i ii ission iii
liht to l'nglanld ill ;In eff'ol'[ of
I i(eorge ind i thurls Ito split the
ltihii l'aioi party. A snull chaul
I11 . gul'Opt gaehtberil lriuniittd Ihtvi'
n 'ilsoii and othler allostl~e, iif
ilOr'isnm, uitt( mlIt Ito set up a
1 i irga iza I i ll Io tlppsi' tliiilIi
.li ! la biii airly but air' tc l'r
li 'ii ii' gly defeated at lihi ]a bor"
y c nrIiiT's. The _I.omnpier's party
tu Ivla lti Ftaoi' c nid italy witl
i' ,'' 'ilt0: . Their gos lI is
"l! Th,' ICW ordher is develotp
i.., ;pidtly to, b,. e-utyed by thtir
feeil I *'' Co prs i (1
l ois te of tIl 1' 1 i list jtnni tltat
| ii hold ai againyi the w ri.ld.
i is i. Wiho i iinen to in
quite r hiii? Ti.' workers? T'ieh
fu poke,< o f" lhe disn
<1d unld oppre':..'d? .No!) Gen
(' rn.liuls \';:illl blli (,f the .NeW :
(k 'u'riti . (tliart' ".. Schwab tif
t le ,,li trust. J.,:! tI. ioikefelier
lf ,i11 I iliu , s iilmur'd I- of inln -
__ nti :,-r, aCId Page Ir gh,' t.)V. all(
( Onilnitlat onl Page E'ight. -
419 WEST GALENA
S.\Y YXULi fA\\V IT TN TIlI IU,'t;LL TIN
CANDIDATES FOR OFFICERS
Montana Federation of Labor
Endorsed by the Cascade and
Silver Bow Trades and Labor
Assemblies and Various Locals
For President-Steve Ely, Sand Coulee, Mont.
For Vice President--J. C. Whitely, Butte, Mont.
For Secretary-Treasurer-J. T. Taylor, Lehigh, Mont.
For Executive Board Member, Cascade District-Charles
Heximer, Great Falls, Mont.
SAY Y(. SAW\l I I' I N ` !I. I J:II'TIN
Hotel and Restaurant
The members of your union
employed at the
Park and Rainbow Hotels
GREAT FALLS, MONT.
are on strike for more wages
and better working condi
tions. Workers of this craft
SAY 1\ f u SA\\\ IT IN Ti' II UIILL I 'IN
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Debs Goes to Prison ....... ................... 25c
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What Is a Peace Program?.....---------------............... 5c
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