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The Butte daily bulletin. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1918-1921, July 19, 1919, Image 6

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Unprovoked Aggression .
Everyone 1i, still swallow'ng h. ' ;
on the proposed French ' alliance.
When first ; mormod. it wa.: flatly
denied; th( rllor ha \ving h -e:n con
firmed, Amcrieane with pinac'icaliy
no exceptinsi tried to forget abou?
it. A pri:ect wh:t ' should have ex
cited great discut'eion ha. ibee ,1i.
cussed hlar(iy at ill for the o' oi.. i:u.
reason that it p ht cveryib':i
awkward diletltpin ; nl''o 0..
wants ihe allianlce, anu f'w t' "-, to
say no to 5't'lllie', or r.,ulW '.,W to
say it.
Mr. Wilsons' owit role, once i
written ll m+:, it, aad it mus! b,
admitted ri the orutset thia ift wo.
cat makl e nll alliarnce i'int,.nu: - l t.i
words of this ailiance have bo,i ,
fully chosen. Unde- ,t v, ' boan".
to go to war in t. ol i'nal ' s.
First, if Germany violates r " ,o
vision of the treaty ; f eroh.o ' ci;
corning the dent!l::lar'iation o;' it,,
western bord,.rland; s. o,,d, ii h
commits "any act of , prl o.' l I(t
aggression diret' ctt agaist'st I'rac ''.
Even these ,Liigai:ons' can be a,11
nulled by a majority of hle h1 gu('e '
council. If accepted by ' e1aj1 :' Il,
of the council. they can be abrog' a ,
later, if the United S ates for t ,
amSple should rqnuec it, by a .
jority of the council.
This new triple allince is in 0r clI:
a majority of the five powers wl;
are the real master.- if the leallt
No member of the it igue 'not oni tili
council has any 'voice whatever ili
regard to this ati tnce. l;v wh i't
right do we make a tfroet\ Wilt' i
says how the league ma:y r (n.' ut i:-,
self in the face e. it? "iltis tr, at
instead of subordini ng itstlf to ,
league makes its ovn it' ems suhp: it..
to those of the co--enai3l . If Fran,
Britain and Amerian n;ln say: "(.:
alliance is not subject to ret n I'a.n bI
the league except on terms d tine..
in our alliance." v hat is there *
prevent Japan or i:'y fromt doinl,
the same? Why shouldn't they for,,
alliances with anyl'.,ody they please.
and write into them a clause sayiung.
"These alliances arc in conformiti'
with the covenant so long as t wo
mlembers of the league approve <:l
themn. We are thos. two mnlel 'l'ct.;
and we approve. 'I he! .ore the'
league's competence is at an "^nl."
This alliance violates the co. ' -lilt
in a most fundamental w;ay. 1ý is ,.
if New York. N, ;v J:le.c, an0d t'enu-i
sylvania made speci,.l laws for .nch
other's benefit, and Itl'-i olid :tLIt
the constitutionality of th,'se laws
could not be revi,"w'ed except by .i
tribunal in which those throe :tote. !
were a strategic majority.
As the first fruit of the labors of
the alleged lather of the 'eagIt'. thi:,'
document shows a~ strani " lack .f ac
quaintance with the co\enant. But
the befuddlement of thou I rht does nout
end with a f'it ^ontradicticSI of the
covenant. Ve pass over lightly iIh.
fact that it flatly contradicts imr.
Wilson'". own promises. t-verybo):y
remembers the address of Sept. 2',
1918, in which Me. ":!on .,
"authoritati"-ly" this 'governni, lit'
interpretatiou of its own July will,
regardl to pesce":
Third, thcire "^.n he no i:;gues (
,... or alliances or :,ceial €,i enanlts ip
and understanding witlnn the a
general and cotinion il uaiy of
the League of Nation.-.
The reai.n why these .anu ,t o,, L
said Mr. Wilsont the saint . t. ,
"Special Alliances a' Il , :. ,
rivalries and hostilith . eni
the prolific soture-' ill ,he :noderll
world of ih e pla- ' nd pa.-cons thi, i
produce war. It oiuld hI n insi
cere as well :- nu insecure pei';
that did not exc:lde 'cent "m dlefl, "(
and binding tIrms."
Painful at; it is to quote '!-. AI
son these days an,-ll .... ' i qe, ,ion
necessary. It wi!ll ,e rer. 'led Lt a
in December, shor'tly after ''. il
son's arrival in lra, e, 31. Clemnen-l
ceau made a s a Pa in ihe cht biniti
of deputies vhich rc\-tevel; with ad
inirable canndor his ';itilp:. hiy o tlhri
Wilson ptrograll. 'IThe spt'cch as d,.
livered wa. so rough and so franul
that it was expturga-.lrd b,:fore: t w'
finally publishted, about thirt."- i t.
hours late in th).' Journal Officil.
To this Mr. Wilson replied in I
speech at Ma:tchst. r oin )Dc
1918, saying:
If the future had nothing for
us but a new at.onlipt to kee:p
the world .:! a i:'i ( poise by a
balance of power lilt 'ntited
States would t.ke no interest,
because she wiii join 1no :om
bination of power w\\;ic' i, not
a combination of all of us.
Yet Mr. Wilson is bringing ha'r,
: an alliance which is a colnbe ailn .,
three of us that cart be rejected it;
by the two least iLportant of .
_timong the powe5; uided h"- lthi
among the small ones of u-. !th
the rest of us cannot alter bel tre ;
is effected, and or, . the three orf ';
can alter after it is , i f! cted.
How do we get arolunu the ftc.l
that the alliance v;olates the addre...'
of Sept. 27, the torls or the armi i
stice, the address of Jtc. 30, and Il '
spirit of the covenant itself. By the
invention of one of the most extrnory f
dinary phrases in tl. ingenious !1,- 1
guage of diploma ; l upnrovolk:d
aggression." The New Rleplut. i
prepared to offer anyone, ir e t li,.eI
-. Mr. Wilson, a hauds:itely bou,.,l st i
of Mr. Wilson's spc:,t~:l)t for , con
sistent interpretation of this phra e.
If there is such a th;,ng as an un-;
provoked aggression there imust al.-v i
be such a thing as ., arovooked ag're -:
sion. Who under this treaty ddne: t
which it is? And having deiei 1.
What do we do in the case of a pro. i
vbked aggression. Do tie not c(ort,d
to the aid of the victir:? In othcti
Words do we tolerate some kinds. .f1
aggression? Does the league have
anything to -ay as to whe.:er thle
aggression is provoked or unptri,
vbked? Do we go to war under the:
tieaty if it is unprovoked, 'nid utnd r
the covenant it it is prov'o;ed?
The words are soun,.t. not .,'an
iig. They are put together ni- t;
"signify a diplomatic reality but as
propaganda for the alliance. They
are a phrase like bhIt -k black o noisy I
noise. Their puripo;te is t? neu-,'alizl
American objection by seeming to
.Obligate us, olly to the very quinate -
Seace of sterilized ianoc',se.a They i
betray a lamentable confusiont oi
mind and algrors exploitation ,I" the I
gullibility. bf the Amerian: a :t . ]
It Mr. Wllton is aimlte g', ; ;n ,o;(
C find comfort in themi. to believe thabt
- the i are not the traditional mnilitary
" alliance of Ellroopcan politics, tie i:
- indeed purl'e of heart. If he used tlc
words to sugar-coat the truth, well--
there n no use going into that n'ow.
L. 't ls lexnamine hils treaty hy It
self. It violates the covenant,
viotlate Mir. Wilson' s promises. A]
Olht. what f it does? 'fhb.re miays I,
i ire importiant things in the worlii
Silianl d" cul tl'nlts and stl p lch . . W hlct
Snre thiy ? The safety of France.
' itar i 1t0:1 " ihllipol'tanl perhaps thalh
ie coven . tn'I anld certainly more illt
iportanit la Mir. \WVilson's reputation.
; safl, "' . of France fl'ron a rep;,t'i
lich Of hi e I...'-rOt -:he has ljust -I:
', fen'. is a . jor i lnterest lof eivilia
i' ;,lOi. "' ,' cstio n is \whether fhil:
." 'al . pr, - gr(latle !-ecurity f:,:
1- aniee
ittfiore thail citt ion cai n 1be(
s r. " it is 1 necelssairy to iaban.1il,
tihe' Ia e ,picture of France which tlx
Sits ii .i\oeric-I" i todlay. The "'ln'li
. ,'ople are terribily hit by Ithe was.
'.'.y [I Ve tuffer'iedl enorlllOusly. nti
Sdioad of aI;lther invasion is
ttt. ' i tli: i- iis another '"France.'
Fr nee of theo bUnrianucrts andt
. ,oliti " I gtil ir ls which lciov :
i : sell se lO ai y that illi( pl pl 0
i-'c" ieL , tiie l"'ieinch nalion, duct It(e
i' .ce'lt Fi Cch goverel'iiillOient rl'r o.(
,,1(1 the . , 1hilg. The Frt'HCh iiv
tioi know w hit tie c DOii rcshii
i ant ilt to knovl Il-ts iit know
Ft -r i'c l ofiintiOl is 110 inll contact will.
the facts. Ii is ill contacti. i ilh l
9'" ' e'ilrnme tal ptress, hn1t it is mallipt.
Si by 11 ti I press.
,e1 , .ht"ed of manipulation ii
thi :: Th'i rcil dreadc l of the naltio:
agituted asnd prolontge(d by sul.
Ipressing Icnxvs 'whic:h colli'il'lis thc
lttelr collap.se of the GermaC-i n lpow(ti
aid b'- e('l|i ;. ziig and inventing in
cidelint which stuggest that Gernman:
Imay at any 111 molic:t repac'l t Ih,
,aggressiion of 1I914. Ever\ything lthl
the go\-ern c ent wishes to do is thle
texlaincd as prudelnc, oir s;imply not !
mentionedl at all.
The Fronch governnlntll, absolul
ly e ynical about the leagiue, is on
g, Faged in construlctiiig a sysste li
Salliances ldesigned to I.lmake Fri'ttiinc
t the diplomatic and military niCS,,
o . tof the: i i ropean coiil inc- t. Th "e tcc
stone of Ihat tystenI is Czch']i,
- Slovtkin. This little state, so hope
l fill `!l its delllo('ratic Iprom ise, hit:
i ,en nursed by the QIQuai it'(Orsu.
iuntil it is making demandsic which li
lthe nlid miean disaister f'or it. Thi
ofificial Czechlo-Slovakt representative
in '-ari wa\s urging ill August aill
f' h.ptember, 1918, that. Cernanll AGer s
ltri. mlust Ijoin Germany ill orluder '
t sabllize ipeace inl that part of ith
Swoe '. That obviously sensible appl.
t caitiion or the pr'inciple of inationalit
tii rejcl, in the treaty on I'rance'
insisteine and with Czecho-Slovalkia's
" a rt itcc . .Itil'ore tile wali endei d i tic
claim ci t lhe Slovak territory fo.
lowxc , *tlic lini es; by I(ti timec 11,,
' . ( lir l c (it iC Ire(! I i(1ii i1 WIly tac
Sconfi -. nc'e iwas officriilg IPresidl'n
Ila.itrvk nior, ,Magyars than hei- fl
hIi ciitoi'dl diges. W\hy? lielcaus(
i('zehio hSlovakia is contelived ls s
t. iOWi iin thi diplomatici galie, lli
acco cling to the( clalclahttions of Ili(
.d i -fashion d diplomalits in i'. Pich
on',i office the larger the territori
th t more miltary strength.t.
After ( 'z,''cho-cSlovha;ic P tolandl . 'TI'h(
S c.:SeII Polish I' illlcc is in the lliOs,
1111in i lt1 t 0' l tion Sll i Wih tIle Fren. l
it or l'i n ofl'ice, nd Ioland is ltoh;
the imnosit c .esisively cpansi ve i :;lt
ic In .rope. II is at war oi oil th,
rg ii of ni c i (very one of if
cnuigicho-s and it has iore neighbou.
a x.cn iitv iot': c- nation on the c'ncll
neat. ilhvm ,anny peoplh. know flu
S n-ilecticon i cctw it-cn the t Ienciti get
c.il si.ttic. the Pcolish culily? No
i : many, oi' cen isorship is rigorohus
1- .i.lt. the fact is lti t IPoland is Con
il'- coied by th' Iirench foreiiI ign offici
c'l as tih- advanciniig icimember of the nl\
ct se"ries of alliances.
,s t 11 t. ,\llitilig ;l(ii( ' ,1t iii liiO i Ilil
series of alliances,.
If ~1. I'iell:l srreeds, s he n111
ioubtedly will. Poland will have 1
i m: oll stratei1' gic froltitie with l11i
l ait t " defi(en. ofi all principles o
tlrtil Jl'y. iFor lliuninia is the thitnl
'l ' e syc :emt . Fialilly, tlh r i:
!, go ieia i. The orbit of that noe
itat-. not yet clear, for iF,(ro
llg v lý ' ,no muid c h fl. C"lltlm 01.nce
si pliporltt, the llpresideniit on liiio
e dllithe prloclaimedll his fidelity It
S',ceret ltraty. The Juingoslav isl
, ivo a.Va's, alnt that is why a ti
ito n lti is been so difficult. At ,ii
i* ical )111on hs fironi 1.arsaw to (heI
i+" "u:", i ' )l Mainz to tdessa, the,'
!n' Fre', o'officers as busily ,n
Sii in dtilountlitvy as Cetrail :Alasl
ilt is O l thle Rhille.
Thle whit l il; botrate tailineutl r il:
i, i mo tilvs al lpublie toot liieo thlti
is t i biil i 1 barrier against (tCl
Smany anld biO!sliovisnltli lan officia
imotiv e hicuh is to make lrenel
'diplonlacy Sulpre'., e int Iiurlope. It 1.
Iithis second ittt1 ili which is the' i'c
onel, beciause the Frencht staffi" knot
iperfectly wvell that Ger(mlaiiy is pro.
i trate antl disarmdcl, that only ":
i ireIe protoc tir i to tand coltinlui
ull1llili lton t llo n (111 ut.lc Il iOlltnal l;t
istalllce. Of a' 'ression there IS wII
qlue.tion. Tle utller 11in1 of tile Gte,
litl un , h '1 induslry and of G( mlnil
-,a poti er ktiate anothelir 1914 i,1
yoni lthe i rc ali of possibiiiii. t'l.t
i U" r ails Cannotl ove n F'rance will.
Swoodentll sticks and raors.
The purpose of this tratiy is no,1
to I rotsect Franee against a Gertal:
ii, auSion. The Frenchl l t goveronul ii
is not so unlrealistic ats all tIl,
IFroilih diplomacy is seasoneI, ali
it " not as sentimental ias it 1ii ,
f loo: The French are notl aslkilng ,Il
t: ion t i sign this alliance to plo
f teet the i against (.rniiany. li'hey
Knoxw Iperfectly well that the lcagh~
Sis every hit as good plirotection .
Sthis lieaty. VWhatexr thiu'' ill-,i
skiepli;ni they know that Atmnerih
\ (,oId resist 'unpllrovoked aggry<
Sion " under the covenant just .,r
I readily as under the treaty. antid tvith
y their 0lt1ro01 of the press they couli
yI just as easily as not mlake tis plait
Sto the IFrench people,.
SThel object of this treaty is to cre
ate a clique within a clique, a got
erning body within the council, whick
Sis itself a governing body within tl.
n league. Ti'ie object is to create a
Irancob.Bri :ish-Aieriican bloc for
diplomatic purposes. For thile Quai
s" .. . s.t.: "
.•.... . <: .
w ....... .....:.. , -...... .:.·s n..
.. ....a i u: i l.sz 'i i , .?::' t el rt.' had trisubsided
(lolll'l]¥iV" )| l e gt.Y t QI!tt 'lIlitta I t 1 l Soulth Ipl'l.v inl \ i, f ,H I T. i~to," h' til' hut iiit n=i' , stiiitlei].
Pc- en·.:~:
J iiiaily iiVs lli.)lghil i,1r'. W'il.on'
roHly ',)t, tha l the 1eO ds Of a"il 1li
aInc it. il lln nothing !l t hat the fact of
the alliance is All important. With
"lich 1 at t atP y sigl('d |li t' 1ai d'Orl'say
slil S thati it (cai ~l locket .\Alllricair
llue'lnce inl tuh- lieagu, leaving
; itain sul'premen o n V a5 1 anld I I l ntl e
rte ill EIurope. 'ren(:l diplomacy I
,low till such a 0001611in 11011 Ll
SIt knows soi.llettilng iI i or. II
O:n,\\ iS 0how Utteli' y ill:o illll ento ll :
ih experitnce' t Ameit'lian dip Ololmacy
in Europe is, how easily it i hoo&
winked, howl hbd its Goaico. of in
formation, how ignoralint of histor;.,
Ihow tnll -lll iitdt d., ne Ame it
"gTroupltd." as lithe ilioilalts sit
h Qua lii Fiitull d' lly will slieakt l
l rope. for the rouill . That i; t ih
.itr'pltse of the Quai d'Olrsa y.
ifBut thlte iis anotll her aspht:(, til IlD
atilller. The 'nited ll State is lbound
t go to W i' iltf lr t'allliii la lk s tu '
Ilita ly ilo (i west of a line fifty
iilometers cast of the llhint,. No'
t is all a lvowed obj ct of Genltli
Ilangin, tit' French commander on
S11rhille, to slllparati the lieft hink
ibfli lhinit flroml the bodly of till .
.lermatn republic 'The re is no doubt
, halt e1 lr that. this, is on'. of the p'i.l
i utal obj'etiv- c s ocf l slnch offic al
lolicy. Under Arliclh XI II of the
'r'aty of Versailles alnd utl',ier tDis
Irolo;4ed :llliallltnc , (e ml'lnl:l ly is tOl'
ridden to put down insurrlction ;
Ihse lhinic ild. '-here s -' ; noihia;
wlhatever in (ilelr of the rtoutie, (,.
191t'i t l' tl"; l1100 0 1 using c ercio( n.
)'ibhr'y Or intrigue1 to cree a ,lerCO!
.g goA ernnllal oll thi 1:10l of thal
:'coiltly atte ipted hy 1)r. )lortt:u
'ile lla c of Inilitary folce fly uti
(. l 10 t ill (ut Oti\'l r' bc hion, n10o I1t{
or hlon engineq'crd, i,ý forbidden. ;i
,\ould n1t 17i1111 under ilte head of,
'prl'O\ol'd aggr ,ssion,'' lor Ihe dt -i
,,ilit.arisZ liou of thi,.s ;lten i,; abso-i
ite1, Il e, "*till uroVokd agg'res;sioni"
TialhP, WhatllV ' it 111\ lieanll doll;
lot operate within fiylv kilomletors
if the lthine.
It is lno answer io say that con
teass would interpret our obligations!
1ndet" the Bleary. lh'raec will ha\
`ier intll 'pl'retati nl, antd ir w e fail to
ICt. as Sile will expect lils to act, olnt
his treaty is . 1igntd, w\e rs'hall ppeai l
o the F'rench peoplh' a, at a 11ithltte,:,
ainon. A m1/c'i('; ciutl . 'if ford t(,
miake indlefilint promvi:', . to inrolt
tself in thiiis 1ea of tilt i'_ul. Ifoe the
w\hohe plrojcet hasi nutingl t4 o do \v!<hi
,'aSiO1i or vith th+i' t l.tul oli t o01f 1o ',
-harel' of tht biultrd tn i i l lil i ii i nin'
ho. pcac' of th( world. Thi' s trt,:.v
I5in iv'ryý rspotl the typicl w'it
recndill, allitance 1 hich has 'cursed
;irope for c'ntii lh i's; it liii i s on it fa1t ,
t d i ll 1f its mi t ulifi d m eotill _gs .. ,
t(etly ths, kind of ntangleientl il l
ig ii st. l i w\'hich every \tillericliti states
n l' frol'l V,'l'shinigtoil to \i'ilsoti has
i'pi tuti t" 10i1' i 'r d ul. Iit repeait.i
velr\ folly that ever cursed diple
llacy frol t tlihe glrouping' of holsti
lliatlles t- t ,it disi,- l tl iernilll S l
11it tio iis .
It is it'he old dipllli 'y bu1'.lti ,g
hrt1ugh ithe shell of tihe league.'
1 ihit Stlltetr pro is lhl iere y be in
t, leaguet ii this plan dt efeats. T'itt
,- 1 I iii ttill tr I tilll l lill it lit ip''lt
nothing hort but pain and Wit ilt is
or the I"'rtnch 1 titi jl0. Franl'll lis
'ss Ihan ill l.l il inti ''oil anlld shi
51111 il ho1 i t' it. shI iii ,t noi t 1seek,
sll ier. ofl t ihe co tit'nt'li. 'IIt lt 1at
iiition of Il''rl itnc ' li. i n orith liiy
. r Olt e o 0' ) q!l1oct. tit nIalliolls il( ill,'
-aft, only' i ti >he I'. content l '( lit
'dual ity o f til t i :a d llt 01' ln it p ,
'1 'l t pr'os t'I I lontilly is i1 lIi id a -lil
.lit1(11' wii i dill h1 1"'i 10 H1iOt' s
)luch 5s the l'French tiabon itself.
In1 .-o fi'r as this. lreaity is part of
[t10 ad\entlrt ' it should be teji t'd.
I hlais o r) , l connection \\itll th, tic
os't of Fr et( e. It v ioltes ti,;
o\ Inantt. It liolatei s lAm 'rica's "an
horitati ." ,-- lenit'lll s. It w ill i:
lhilll' J, Slol.- . It will tnc ourI .o
o t;!liltr ill,. nce;h . It w ill ] ret Itl
c .lit>:; ' ithin tilh la ghu,. It \ il
ui. rotl":iig moctderate aldlmlill ist'rat.ion
if tilhe Ireaty, itnd eo ul'rage thlt' it
olved diplomn tih' intrigull' of ,astct 1
1u ropt.
11i is on tih. face of it absurd.
ui',l , ,) Inlilth allitn,.,t.e w ith th,
,s r o tl : l c t< 1 i: ]|l l Y ]) \'le r i ll ,ll'.if o p ,
1.mins, the oil. powetr which is di-
1rined has h)) milita: y" mtea IlinC wlh:t
\'er. li h.,s only diplomitlis 111 1,11
n 11' w' , I _ ) l 'to 1 T1'1fc s0 .11' 1: -
io1 11 n spµ v'i,l \\iw , why ill I1 \t'l;'"
!ltl' d I \' ilOltl oflor the :illiairc" to
oelgiumt! " 'I toil T t otutld l1 l o1t0'1
e 1n1't t juST ;1" \\t 11. aid could not 1),"
.nudet into .1 dtls llit ((1 combt iln i nl
-h1 t wie hlavc no faih in , the llilagu .
O ld wo li\ s ', the1 ! 1ai i1 o f h 1ti'
vii V11 lli 11hl 11", l oi riOUS liplO
Itlie Oc(it'l: tlintc.5, a d WoUld barl
he only f.a:,iblh road into France.
Wet augg ,t1 that this alternative
will test tie1 1 in:lloerity of the plai .
Let the se'llhl ors who arc; in dhubt
tbout this alliance propose is1t'50.
- Kguaraltee to l]elgihum, and see what
reaction there i"-Th-' New l1elpublict
Our Washington Letter
\V'ashin gton I)., C.-There is greal,
although carefullly concealed, apprel:
itllcnsion ill \Vaslhington over' the out
break of Social revolution ill Ilaly,
for that is the interpretaiton placed
here on the serlious food riots ill Flor
once. Bologna, IRavenna ailo other
(;ties of nortlthern Italy, t jith ciopnse-l
(ulelt assulmption of s,'upreule power
iby "chamlbes of label'."
The illi0iortallce of the situaliti(ll t
thlis counlltry wats poitlled out to youi
c:rrll't!e llondent by n11 officer of the
Sot'l'ral tralde c tolimissioln. 10 I ll l-l u
sized the fact tlit food pro(,fitoering,
Ihulting thie farmerT s ld lie wage
loitiur s alike, is re-ipol asibl' for the
olvbreakt ad observed thai food
l;roit tol'ing, problably mtlore flagr'ant
th n that ill Italy, is itoday goinlg for
ward itiiiuncontrolled ill this coetl'y.
Menace of Food Sharks.
Jo-t how much the intlrnational
manipulations of the Amernican pack
c_'s are respo l:rible for tile preSent
ulheaval in Italy is: stiill a matter o
speculationl. As yeti thlemr . is lno dala
availabih', to show their full griup onl
kit, food marl;ets of the world. In
thisu c otuntry, however,i it iu certain
iihal the grill monotin ly of the "llig
Five" is busily fanning the einl,'rs
of unrest. Squeozing producer l'ull
,oinsm.i Or, flnd flouting the g overn
inlnt ill their ,.ordid race fol' gain,!.
111h !rockers, officials IIher believe.
aro doing1 inlo1e to bl'ing th-1 1),,il5
iof revolution toi this co unti'ry thllan
lily o.till r t'leltili..
Vid pread recognition ofi i thiis
condition, anld wtidesitAi iad ftear of
ias a rcieltll, i 'oad ill \V tas-;hilngto
i h . u Th r Ii is ; t(' ttll Iaplil'Oitl 11 01o
of w tli\t t follo if the facts of
t t11 'food t.lr0pl oly ('o ,' spln ead
' efore tThe Aomerican piiltii il tlleit
S ltit ciolo s. A Si g llut cr , Ia l ii lit
said tho other day: 'it f i isomn atineat
playwrig-ht wouiltI drailuatii the evi
dence coll' itei d ilgaistll.. 1 fle luckersi
it would ca l.;oe it irevolutilt . i
linnts o1 il h' adcicsion ofi i the lplacker
coml!lbillationl that til i irs is the biggest
So 11llne'Ci:s l a .u t'I ll 'i :,i ill Ati' tiCl, bs
"The ,tuartling significance of that
flact is irelii:id iwhnll welit' consitder
that this hu'ge indu't ry, dealing in
tile food s'llpl:" of thel nation and
rapidly extetiinlg its interest to
trans-Atlantic ;and Sotih l'American
fields. is dominatod by a few private
' citizens w\\lo a;re tholly free froml
governlnle l1 bll perVisiOlt."
To clck tlhis situlllatioIn before it
brlings the inl,,vitable,1 result now seten
Sill Italy thlie progressive and liberal
; group ill cngll!rc;:: , regardless Of par
tv lines, are l)o ' unitLlling to Dput
through le|:!islatien regulating the
Si food lmonololisi:< and restricting the
Ipacke'l rs to thal!:ii on!e industry. Bills
fror thi: ntld ll:ii t been introduced by
Senators lenyon tind Kendrick. and
it lRepresent;tlliv', .\nderson of 1inlne
Ssotsa and Lever of SoIth Carlolina.
Mhexico .\1ainst ilrewers.
Mexico, ,ti liti expecting consider
able profit f'rill. the advent of prohi
bitiouu n ithe I iled States, will not
welcomie A\lmeii ini distillers and
brewers W-ile. hb i iness is llOW out
la'wed at iiee iand who ihave lately
loeei cab ill. . 'l.iing eyes across the
Rio GrandI ,4 i fertile field for tlle
perlpetultiioen oi a profitable calling.
At lithe Alevxiii;i ( ellitssy here ii
was 'expllinid il hat the nation re
Qiiire.s all lh l -r ear ls for p lrp0oses of
1,ot) d i co ul:l i op i . ii, and that thei I'
is not disl'i-it.vil on thei part of lith
golve'llntili icincreiase the existing!i
nuilllll! 'ir of diih lel'ries and rewer'ie';.
As Alexxian lsw 'provides that federal
lice, lisei .ii i is o be secured befoire
illiiu hilig :i1in n!ew co\ llll cial enter
prise one io i i few possible avenutiies
oifl osc;l' nii, ai' rs to be cuti off ifor
lthe liqarasse O iior menii of thei
i niletd Stale,.
lioiwevei. : is said there is every
iikeliiood iht i lhe California wini\ I
growlvers, a ii: joritiy of whilol ll' are of
,Latin i ai l ! ii ., will find a lhavenl of
wItlcoiic in iiwet'r California aiid
other iiortieliiri iMexicani sltate. Thel
gveltilrn'nt i. s in a imore iintensive'
cilitiVatil I ' llth griape hia sourlce of
1110t)1 In l~ in,, Mtale, a. profit to the'
peopl',. a ld ,l industry with con(lid
ablil t-x ;,. value to 1 iiih th e itral
and Stouhii .\i, ,li/can trade.
It is lelii . I that.the probable ex
odus of 11' rtlifornia winel growers
w ill prove, a e.-ious obstaclei to Sei
alor \Ashiri .s schene for aInexing
,Lower (liiflor'ia to the l'itedl States.
Sentiilentl inl this section is said to
lie decidedly anti-prolibition aind
aver'se to coilinlg in under the Stars
and Striples, fr this reason, if for no
Land l auue .onopoly.
(C'onvecning prolpagaunda for a revi
sionll of fedher:, taxatioln laws is being
iilmad b th l u ritei's National Sin
gle Tax laciliy., over the recent sale.
by Vincent Astor for nearly $4,000,
aI)' for a plot of ground 2010 by 207
lfet on Broadway anld Forty-third
:lreet,. New York city.
"L-Hre is a 'farm' of less than an
:r, 41.575 square feet, selling at
$514 l)er squareL foot, or about $4,
I00,0ih. ) nill acre," writes Cartl Bran
nin, c:c tcutive secretary of the Single
Tax Ic17e.
"it has been said that there is a
conflict between the interests of the
ilrler a(nd theo city dweller. Frolll
these figures it would seem that
there is some justification for the
clhtrge, but the conflict is between
the holders of the big land values
whl) are able to cuit lown the pur
chausing power of tile city worker by
high rents Ilased on high speculative
1] ndt valules, and the working farmer
awl o has prl01odce to sell and finds his
marlket restricted by the above
namltlcdl fact irs. The worker in the
city and the working farmer in the
counitry have a conllOll enelly in
til0 lildoWler0 slpeculator.
I..ntllloymn'rnt S,'viece H1it.
After a sharp struggle in both
thouses of congress. during whichl it
seelmed for a time that the United
Stalteas ceniployllent service would be
forced out b. existence by denial of
ally allllroplritioll, this branllch of the
!deplal'l.leit, of labl or ]has been al
lolled $40),000 to contilnue its work
dtluring the currlent fiscal year.
John 13. Doen.more, director gener
:II of th ie employllentll service, states
that ionly a skeleton organization call
be mnaintained on tlhil figure, but
holpe that the Kenyon-Nolan bill,
pr1ovidintg for the establishmnent of
the service on a plernmanent basis, will
soonl go( thrl'Ollgh. In the mleantime
the work' of tile service llmIust be
greatly curtailed. Orders have blleen
is:;ued to close all but 26 of the most
imllportant branch offices and it is ap
larent that the or'ganization will be
aleh to do compllaralively little in fur
nishling Bl)e for harvesting the wheat
crolp in thei north central states.
I.Polit ,,.al Ftl'cononly.
I'oli: i all 'Ecoo IomIy.
Unldor lthe excuse of "economny,"
which is trotted out In congress now
whenever the interests of big busi
ness are thlrealtenetd, the senate ap
propriation comllmnittee last week at
tmnllptold to wipe out the United
States tariff commrnission and reduce
the appropriation of the federal
trade colmunission by $100,000. This
atlemplted action was taken at the
behest of Senators Smootl. and War
ren, than whom it would be hard to
find two 1morle hardened reaction
The vicious attack on these two
llrealus, both of which have won un
1bridled hostility for their brave fight
ill Iehalf of the peolple. was happlily
lefeated by the outspoken stand of
the lrogressive gronup. Senators La
Follette of Wisc1onsin and Kenyon of
Iowa beinig larlticularly active in coin
bat ing the tories. The National
Cionsumerl1s' league, the relpresenta
tives of the form orgallizations, and
a smallll sectioil of the press threw
their weight into the breach and the
appropriations of $300,000 for the
tariff olnlission antd $1.0011,000,000
for the fldelral trade comlnission are
no secullr for another year.
The hollowness of the preotense
hat thlie federal trade comnmission'l
approplriation should 1e cut $10110,000
"leocause oif the inecessity of econ
only" is seull in thie fact that this suet
is just ablout one one-hnundredth of
the cost ofl a modern battleship. Bil
lions for ldeftense, lbut not one cent
io stopl intcrlll aiggl'essionl on our
peopIle s1cens to1 lbe the slogall of a
very la'ge alind1 pIi\Vtlerful element in
North I)ikota Victory Alarmis.
!The levi'ew.; a now iand ulltra-con
servati e weekly p1ublished in New
York city, is 1much worried over the
swoeeping refetludll(ln victory weon by
thile Nollpartisan league in North Da
Being. aplparently, very uncertain
as1 Ito what the Nonplartisan league is
about anllyway, exceps t that it is "''soe
sort of state socialistll." the joullrnal
contents itself withl being bitter at
Ithe expense of 81r. Townley.
"''The political methods of A. C.
TownleCy," it says. "are so well
known t1hat one1 is right to be sus
:ss picious of 1proposals fromn him which
centrllalize aluthority. * * * To
offst' his irregular nmelthodtls Town
1yhy has lolng used the arts of the
spelllinI ler, and he has suclceeded in
Scallpturinlg tlhe italliginatiol of tihe
iThe pilurpose of the Review, in its
lowni words. is "to resist the lunthink
ing drift toward radical innovation."
Thi eight issules which have ap
peared so far indicate that any alter
atioll whatsoever ill th' status quo
is 1'radical innovation" to its editors.
Come to the Free Press
band concert at the ball park
tomorrow (Sunday) evening
.at 7:30.
!enry Ford on Witness Stand s
Say3 American Nation Must ;
,~,ake Its Choice NoW.
There Is Better Way Than War,"
Says Fighting Pacifist-"Educate c
People and Teach Them to e
Think for Themselves." f
Mlt. t(rlnens. Mich., July 15. - A
.e:ggue of Natiols or preparedness up
Stie hill. That is the situation a
hicih faces the United States as Hen- a
! Ford sees it and as he expressed
im:eif on the witness stand in his s
Il,,u.en:l lil:el suit against the Chi
ago Tribune. He hammered that
itt home throughout his testimony.
.o twist or turn that opposing coun
;I co:uld give their examination di- c
erted him from his point. lie per- I
.ti:cd no false interpretation. Ilis
tatenment stood out as the salient fea
.re of the most remarkable day since
lie Ford-Tribune case opened, over I
,ne weeks ago.
Against Only Over-Preparedness.
Tritunie counsel attemplted to bring
rcm lr. Ford an admission that he
ad adopted a new attitude in that
e had once denounced preparedness
nd wes now advocating it.
"I was denouncing over-prepared
,ess," said Mr. Ford.
"\What do you mean by over-plre
aredujess?" asked Tribune counsel.
"Preparedness for aggression and
ouqlest. Anything that content
rattes more than defense is over-pre
iareclneu s."
"\'hat do you mean by aggression?"
"l3irg:arizing a country," shot back
I,. Ford.
"Did we ever want an army to bur
,larize anybody?" asked op-posing
"Yes." said the witness, dryly.
'ome people wanted us to burglarize
Sexic o."
Admires Wilson.
el eat!cd efforts were made to show
( division of ideas between lMr. Ford
iid President Wilson. Amidst con.
tinuous objections, Tribune counsel
ressod the question of whether Mr.
'ord still thought tile president a
rcat tman, and while the legal battle
t aged, Mr. Ford cut through the storm
tird said, "o think President Wilson is
; -tit greater matt now than he was
f afore. 1 always thought him a great
., aln.'
~cnl? of the now famolus quotations
ittributed to M1r. Ford were brought
nto the case again.
"Do you thinit men who go to war
Sirc murlderers?" asked counsel.
t "No," replied the witness, "not whqn
tiey arc pressed into war or fight for
f ;!'ense, but I think the professional
cl ldier is a murderer."
"\Vhat do you mean by murder?"
"I mnean tilling peolle."
t "Killing people to protect the inter
?sts of the pullic?"
e "Killing anybody for anything. I
Jon't know vwhat else war is. War is
Sni:uder. There is a far better way."
Would Educate People.,
"V,hltt is the better way?"
"\Why. to educate people. To teach
:tei to thin'k for themselves."
Thie examination tuirnted to the sci
nce of governmlent. Tribune counsel
S'lemoted to force an admission from
eMr. Ford that established fortes of
I ,overnnentit cannot be attacked and
s changed over night without revolution.
e "!ow can congress be changed be
tv:een e:ections?" asked the examin
O ng attornley.
ug attorney.
"\Well," the witness laughed, "Mr.
X;ewberry might be changed."
This reference to the senatorial
can-dal in Michigan in which the pres.
mnt junior senator from the state is
iccused of having spent $176,000 to
procure nomination over Mr. Ford in
efiance of the law limiting campaign
asl'enditures, brought laughter from
the audience, and the attorneys.
"Weyl,. you haven't proceeded very
.ar with that," smiled Tribune coun.
"Well. I haven't quit," said Mr. Ford,
"Famous" World Flag.
The famous world flag, of which so
much lias been said, was brought into
:he case for a brief period during the
session. The flag was very striking,
a white globe banded by red resting on
t lied of blue.
"Dt)o you like that better than the
:tars and Stripes?" asked Tribunt
Mr. Ford shook his head. "It isn't
the same flag at all," he said.
"Is it complete as it stands?"
"Never saw it before," said the wit
"I saw a design like it once. Dean
Marquis had it in the cathedral three
or four years ago."
And this was the end of the famous
flag, to which the Tribune counsel has
referred so often, as though it were a
thing of mystery.
Two Kinds of Patriots.
There are two kinds of patriots, Mir,
Ford told the jury just before adjourni
ment for the day: The man who will
work for his government during the
war without pay, and "munition-pa.
"Did you say," asked Tribune coun.
sel, "that ammunition patriots were
for war because they wanted to enrich
"I probably did," said Mr. Ford;
"that sounds like me."
Come to the Free Press
band concert at the ball park
tomorrcow (Sunday) evening
at 7:30.
Bulletin Boosters should patronize
Bulletin advertisers.
,j~"-"-5~.t5s- Jsas~s±r ' as asrina-
The affiliated Railway Crafts 'of
Spokane, representing 15,000 meam
hers, present to the public the 'fol
lowing.., facts which we. believe you,
as an American citizen, . have a right
to know.
'The United States government in
the year 1918, in order to bring the
roadh up to operating efficiency ex
Ipeided, exclusive of salaries, $573,
Advanced. to the New Haven,rail
road alone $43.000,000 to discharge
notes that lhad niatured. constructed
extensions, branches and other lines
at a cost of $17,564,920, expentded
for equipment $289,802,068; built
additional main, yard and industry
tracks at a cost of $93,352,300.
The government has guaranteed
and is paying the private owners'an
annual net income amounting' to
$950,000,000. This amount repre
senting the yearly dividend plus
$117,358,435 economized by the gov
erilment in six of the seven regioqal
districts will under government own
ership automatically reduce rates
which will ultimately lower the ne
cessities of life to the public "aS the
government operates with a vieiv to
service and dfficiency aind not" to
profit. Under government' owner
ship the people nunibering approxi
mately 98,000;000 'will share' in the
benefits of the greatest known pub
lic litility and not :merely a few thou
sand, as is the case under private
Ouii waterway transportation will
develop, a progress which the rail
ways have always bitterly" of)poted
because of competition to their own
When the railroads came 'lndder
federal control, transportatioi' was
paralyzed; there were' 148,110 car
loads of freight being delayed short
of their ultimate destination; the
congestion intensified by the most
serious winter known in railroad his
tory and shortage of skilled l'alor
was practically cleared up by May
1st. From January 1st to the armis
tice there was transported 6,496,150
men requiring 12,879 trains. The
great purpose was to Win the war and
the roads were operated primarily to
that end.
The $200,000 000 deficit charged
against the railroads last year can
properly be construed as a war neces
sity. It cost $60,000,000 a day to
prosecute the war and it can be seen
that three days pays the bill approx
imately. Empty cars had to be rush
cd to grain states to take rush !6ads
of foodstuffs in order to feed starv
ing Europe and win the war. Troops
and war material had to move in
preference regardless of expense.
It cannot truly be said in the midst
II of a great war there has been a fMir
a test of government ownership under
s which the railroad workers in nor
t mal times will be able to give the
best and most efficient service on ac
count of unifications and reforms
a not possible under private ownet
t ship. England, Switzerland and
other European countries own their
r railroads.
n ..Daily Bul,letin rally at 7:30
Ir Sunday, July 20, at the ball
l park.
Our line of men's merchandise is
being sold at prices that never'
were so low in Butte. Fine line
of jewelry.
103 Soiith Arizona Street.
Out of tile High piat: ti'fet.
Books WhichD eal
With the New Realit~s
Charles Edward R..asel
Author of "Why I Am a Socialist," etc.
"Mr. Ttussell's book is interesting hecause
of his views of labor's attitude toward the
great world prollems of today, and it is
notable for the clear-visioned review of
the causes leading up tZt the great whr. for
the scathing denunciation of Germal) Im
perialismn-he glories in the crushing of
Germany as a sincere well-wisher of the
German piroletariat. Mr..Russell does not
despair of Russia--he was a nelnmber of
the commission that went there afte; the
Revolutionl"-Baltimore Sl)L. Net, $1.50
Louise Bryhnt
She lived in Revolutionary Russia as one
of the people; she knew Kerensky, Lenine.
Trotsky. and the women of the Battalion
of Death; she attended the inner councils
of the Soviet. and hers is a vivid and syim
Iathetic presentation of Russia.
"Miss Bryant has boundless faith in the
Revolution. She presents its case f'early
and dranmatically."-The Dial. Net $,?.CO
Samuel Go 9'pers
President of the American Federation o'Libo,
"This exposition is of the nature of a gos
pel of labor in its bearing upon socialand
economic readjustment." - Washington
The book contains Mr. Goinpers' imipor
tant war speeches and Labor's official war
record, including d-l the vital war ineas
ures and resolutions of the Federat.o.
Net, $1.7'
ORIENT Ellen N. La Matte
"She o~ s beneath the outer appearance
of things political and social in the East
and writes of inner motives and meanings
in a frank fashion likely to malke politi
cians in several so-called civilized coun
tries feel uncomfortable."-The Sun.
Net, $1.50
BANaERS Babette Deutsch
"'Hle ais the spirit of challenge and revolt,
calling old standards and traditions into
question-Iproceeding fearlessly in the new
fields of thought and emotion. This spirit
is nowhere better shown than in 'Banners.'
the title poem written io, celebration of the
Ruasian Revolution."--New York Triblunc.
Net; 1.21
Of this book which throws such an unspar
ing light on Ghetto sweatshop lffe and
child labor, Lillian W.ild writes: "It-will
he accepted as a social document tran
scending' in value the volumes-of the aca
demically trained searchers for date on
these conditions." Net, $2.00
. . . ed Roy
"A source boolk of poverty," is what the
Chicago Tribune calls this self-revelation
of a servant girl. Ait is the tale of her
wanderings, her experiences as laundress.
as a sweatshop worker and as a servant
given just as she wrote it without editing.
A human document of surprisiing:realism.
Net, $1.75
Orders for these books will
be taken at the Bulletin office-

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