OCR Interpretation


The Butte daily bulletin. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1918-1921, July 24, 1919, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045085/1919-07-24/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

Ghei~uutte~atu BuReth
Islned Every Evening, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO.
atered do Second-Clams Matter, December 18. 1917, at the Postoffiee at Butte, Montana
Under Act of March 3, 1879.
PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292
*USINERS OFFtOE AND EDITORIAI' ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET
SUBSCKItPTION RATES:
One Month ........... 5 Six Month ..................... .75
Three Montha ..................$2.00 By the Year .....................7,0.
The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places in Butte.
Jacques Drug Co.. HXarrison and Cobban tep,,t Drug Store. 923 East Front St.
George A. Ames, Jr., 316 1-2 N. Main St. O. News Stand. W.et Park St.
International News Stand. S. Arizona St.
Palace of S.eeta, Mercury antd Matin Sts. Harkina' Grocery. 1028 Talbot Ave.
Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. Montana Heleea Confectionery. 7385 ast Park St.
THUISDAY, .i'LY 24, l91t.
TOM MOONEY DEMANDS HANGING OR FREE
DOM---THIRD TIME.
'Three vea. . n.a.,. the t· teil eitl eli e ..r.ealira',l l wle I rnti cx--*
pi.| ,i, to tok i lact'e iii S4 nlil I"ril'ai'is*'. killiii,,"n l1$ tJeotleliE i I
t latliii Iui *id(i iii ..' e. ll iiil (I)ti l"lab I i.ll li'nh i ll lllli 'li lt, I
I Si.fl-i) sti51ong. Manil' niiitioi. lie \ii I tteis 110 the Ioli'i
eilpe iartmrnit1r.. 'e''eiv ('I) 11I((n'(tl l ie l ('ls n w nll illig it I liel. pe(llll'-i
lug niutrage. No tile hils eve!' diiteveiel [lie aiilhues cr tel'
Pet ia icrs.
Tom Mooneicv. an ion man I i' I 5 yen 's. nii.m .e .1' th' Inb]l=
I's., anl t i te lime is a es ga ii t le i nil.ii -
melt') i' the sield u'ailwal..,xIi' \lcniinll s li e tur a;l hiei h annliver-'.
where ii e is ii .rvnii I' i . i iin , Qiientii. Calit'.. . tii l ....ng lhi
1 \ jo! l. (.n nll~ d It Ircl~li ;11iO (,ll 1 .lli llil (,I) (L ' Jll' '. (-.11 il'.- ( llh!ll ' jl,.lll
iithe neck i il i hl'e ills iead. Nrli ele he livn.'ii hii I',edli.' a bsi
ntuci~ti Pl;ncii.~ Ii ~~'·~ ~r
Tilhis mean n to Tii Mn ney thatlihe is lii rieth iiiive lu.,r tle
ii ii desert. duiigeum ni'o a ri'uie lie iuever etauleuiila~tei *--iiiueti
tess eonniiilledt. It has lbeeuu absltuitetv prttven liv lihitiin apii'ttl
eviileiiie that Macney waiis iii tp a I a seven-storyivaliblii iii
muile aiui a hatlf away. wii Icliinlg his iinit ion t rluei's prutuele,
whiien the ixplt.l lii ,tri'eu'i l. W ili liiiii '1s i.s wile. IHte i
' iMo iney. music tealille'. She l ta lil. erht' stlii iii tlhi.s Juuiltliip'\
win ol t iws c I' tie bl itli upi . \vltiii ,i (. Io' e lihe ii ii Ittll ill oi it o'
they conbll see I lie itual'e.
All r lhuni 1 2I l nlitl tI ' l a il I . il' ihil tigia . .l.Istit'l' lit Ithc ir
presence ii [litl e i t. r i uii lit -,tt' 1iii' ilit~t' .siii tt ltl i i'.ll, stilllt
nii the 'i\amet l- iiteililetIi Iof ixmua. in I 11'egttiu itlltemuun oit
3 \'f'ii1'5 iii [lpist iii.
F'iti t' ir, ist lii ini.- l -i' ii' i lii to'r , t i mai oll i iibscii il Itili
ititla t ioiitt ilt i lt \ ii ic e Ittl ar'ii'd. l iii t I W I Itt l ii. l e spi ilt
that aii i nunC. il \\eli itll' Ph itlltis. t- s i m ite iiminseth Iiiittn Ii is
Mntiei-. hias t.eimiiiitldeu ni t i iliti' his l fe ti e tiitti'i i t. i.ei-ty
be p'uan.iitt ed. Tada v at i ~ij " j ry itti aily ,ju l ii l llii.i lstnidtl li
w\t'toii itt lrare i nt ilith n li T'I' ii i .M y ii t l ttlteati I t i ii tue fli s ' -vi
dit1iie tianailed t ui giuisl hiuii. 'liin Monitti'"' is i rieat. ''it
lhltiti edl A\iii('lt'ii viih a s lit Itg ill il Ilie l1i'iiipi' tles itt I f i '
lDecltitin itt' tifiietitle uiic e.
Fo l.ll the thiird tim ei -oli ll ., ii hli ple, - Il .- lastl Ilin ,. hie .1 -.
miallds "( \-t-,v lilt. libel y, or\ .1 ivi, iler dt, h 'll. The .swv ll(,!ili,
jrisoiti-.elL. 'htuei'c lit' is tuliile- alive, is ii li.lottw itt.ckit'i'$
it is niathi itt sltiuc ant steel antI sets itselt' silbilty belveeu lilt
l' iii uthe tuisitte ti ii .n l ilfe-iiiue tI sl. v rx'1 withiii.
Ttoimii u1i0 uev is wi \ k ii ug ii s a nitl it''. It llteild it' tie lpit'itlii'l
ctf his Itil as a pitisoi.ti i'- su.t lei'iitg tue lute i tt' o iiitutlstii 'y
serx'ituce against xvliclu this iatitii tutie rebelle. liii
' r anti' f itt' tah.' is withIi Titiln i M\i it e ii$ tt i t a ii lip' Hilliii ugs. (iii
Sept. I It 1 i, l pthe ti't>l vi will aiii lie i'eistt i'cnl "Ii>' t low i hig
titols ("i' elCst they will t1e('it1(' Itt "c'i lli.illlih g iill let M iiinev
itlit llillinigs mi' ill ,jail aniithliel thllee( q uetl.. ailid theni atgaili
iiu l iiai a uii lii il Ihlue i' lives ill' it ii'l .
tn ter speaking liii' tiri.iugli he east .li's. Mo.tiey x\'veit Itt
\W at,.h~ilitoln-ili. II. ('t ait ii , li' 'tt tresid li , tiii ,. ' i im
.\f'ter u tppteai'iuip hief'ir'e iiuieii t ' i-,tiltdieiii'es ili (Ch 'ii. Ilet, ti
iii la y stalis ' [ut I 'r. l eitik ' I ciilIIt. 'i'ui'iii iii i\o u iu - i l t otit rtatd.
Unithiill. M innl.. exteiile, her fi o u' I d aill oli va'.l't~ioi- -\ith nudi~i
Onci'es abotlll . as. larl'_". as ill Chtkage~i. Shie. i.. scel edilt. Ifo1 M.ili
nlounist.i. Illlle. S11.klilit' Heattltt. "T'iroulnti mil l lPolrltlid.
THE 0. B. U. MOVEMRENT'
"\\L en we think of thie tlhe 1ig lt nin. ir we uldeslatnd the
s.utije t. we tlhitk 1' it as itetn ralher ltha as an .rgaitizatitn.
The One Big 1 lnItit idea expresses the Ieetd or el.se atffilia
lion of those lwho (iil in minel, imill a l factory'. the ieedl Ifr
unity and solid ilaritv all g the II.rttuieerl s 1t the weallh of the
world.
Quite o'lten ;(ttl. e individunal with mre enthusiasm than
lrainis speaks It the 'lmagitilict ellt Amerinca latuar Iiiiv'ineit "
ii so tindstfine. hItIt the (oI(i fac(s rattier dutlpeni on4e pride it we
have the lcourage lt flce thest.
In this t;to ntry there are ,liu t tw , inlustries thal tune well ne
ganized: One is the coal-mtiining in utilstiy. the tither is tItinls
11ortulitin.
The Unied Mine \\otrkers 41' America aie tl int l'lltrial
lli.l: that is. the t ',ga iizaltimnl takes is iintletl er's everl'y(t e
w kitl'll.nt ili aHid arto .ntldi l Ihlie ('11 al mines.
The I. M. \V. of A is the mill( st tpwerl ul single organi.izatliin
in America. Inut alth.,ugh its inemblership unmllber's in tihe
ieighborhanod oft .i.i )_l.t , thtere atie still miny l t c tal tielths that
it dues not iontrot.
The Mine Wuiorers were at ine liime whlat might he called a
re .(ttitionai y uniti.i: n st 1' the militant leauers snbserihbed In
and tanghl the class struggle. it late years, however, the oi
ficials Ihave been Itlayiig tulities. ltith uatiolnally-ind within
the A. F. sit L. Much oil its early militancy has been lost and al -
thiuigh an industrial urganizatii h.. its tactits are those oh' a
craft union.
In the transptirtatiot industry.liv railways. the alliance he
tween the tnfour brotherhoods, the engineers. the firemen, the
tei iiimel a.dl] the tconductor!s, gives them cmiulete ciiittrtl t'
htimisportation.. i' they choose ti exercise their Ipower.
Like the miners, the railway organizations devote their ef
11
Union Stock Holders in the
Butte Daily Bulletin
UNITED MINE WOIRKERS OF AMERICA'Locals: Sand Coulee,
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh. Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith
(Bear Creek).
FEDERAL LABOR [IUNfION-Livingston.
MACHINIS'TS' UNION--Great Falls, Butte, Livingston.
MACHINIST'S' UNION-- Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
' EREAL WO(?Ii ERS--(Oreat Falls.
'lYI'OGIAIH-l ICAL UN'ON---Butte.
iLACKSMiIIils' I'Ni)N-- B1utte, Miles City, Seattle.
I.lC:.r:'l ('I.\s' :NI~N ---l.vingstoo, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda.
Seattle.
lAKERS' UNION-- -Great falls.
SIIoE1 W OIV KI' :s--. Gr t I"ails.
PLAST'ERI IS U;N (I)N-t rtat Falls
RAILWAY tC. R I\I'PA I ti':RS --..Lvingstou. Miles City.
MUSICIANS' UNION-- I;utte.
BREWtERY W'ORl I;IS" ttNION---Hutte.
110D CAIIL:EISS :,'O'()N.- TButte and Bozeman
S'REET 'AR MEN'S UNION-Bitte. Porilalid.
BARBERS' UNION) --Iuute.
ME1TAL MINE I 1WO IKIEIIS' TINION 0 P A MIERTICA.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION--Lutte.
MAIILERS' UNION--BHutte.
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND S'ITRU'ICTURAL IRON WORKERS-.Butre.
PIPERJTTE'RS' UNTON--Butte.
13ROTHfIItRHOOD BIOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS--sButte and
I.ivingston.
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS--Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' 'UNION--Great Falls.
BAKERS' UNION--lutte.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDER'S UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION, NO. 256-Butte.
PIUMIBERIS' UNION--lButte, Seattle.
BROTIIERHOOD RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO
224--Miles City.
TRADES AND ,LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City.
HOD CARRIER.S' ITNION-Helena.
BROIT'IER[IHOOD1) RAILWAY CARMEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
IODGE NO. 43(---Butte.
BUTTE F'OUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
'PAINTERIS UNION -Butte. Seattle.
CARPENTERS' UNION. No. 1335---Seattle, Wash.
TAIALO1RS' PROTECTIVII ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIP BUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA
----Tacoma, Seattle, Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHIOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211--Seattle, Wash.
WORKERS'., SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL---Painters' Hall.
Seattle, Wash.
BUII,DING LABORERS' UNION---Seattle.
[NTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTORAL
IIRON WORKERS AND PILED1RIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA
niil have, ilnl lil r'et 'etillv., ha1 t i11 alt'iliititiini with ithet' i ulrga i
zil tii ll s.
In hli e .\. I. ,.' IL.. b,.ide Ihe Mine \\oi.t'keis, na're s..lmethini g
i . lhe 'ed.,rat ion, hlie,.reli ly. I n' o ic'l ull ho i !. o .ver them :
i lh i . flt .l lies ,o(' e t o ' it . w' ea kitesses.
till I' 1''iir4' IXi'(( it I;IIC ti its, l*1 l(.Iie 1It 111111' liii trlull li iii 4 Ilit' i't't
S4ln i lii i ll ' i ii . Ii lll4l4ed dillilereltl'l llu'i'l , with 5 i verll t C ilt gl ( '
It5t 11 mti' i i 1', A. ". sl . i' . lly I t one in etln. I 'l"i hll'" nts.- be -
Thl'iIe I teI hto l4i'i . wlh ile it tt .. beelll ri e i ti i hl intiail te'
, Fi; lit.io .l If e ih eit i ei s i I'u I he ai t I ie, ll' .. Ise a 4l)'e ehlt eint.
it, te jill Itie li lie n ire ilt 1' thit tlki o tiage egli' iiet ,e !atiie
'In lih uil't'i 1 i;t e u kil le' iteII . 1.a it 1''' li t;ltit . te li it
Ti herl y i lietieve \ n I. lll l'4 5 Ih t iiii. ill.'(' li(,ntil lullle ttlh. rgaiili
\'il i a i l 44 lO r sla. tlll the i tigel eion llI eie eijl i ta an In
l'le i o llrt ll i t! e li l-lit , it',· it ret ll' ita I iisi ell et b m-lient tl it itt
IX4 1i.i- i h ie i 'in 5 Ihi' heo 'lilt. 11 liirli g-il'i' thiiitg l llt , l.t. (14ilto.
til4 1I4 e 14 t4141' I i lill ii,'gh ' n 1 hllei sXitl i iliieli : Ihi ist tuhe rl il
4.1 4'i, !i4 , i. 4111lii ,lll llliil h 4 l'lil~iiil5 l' ite4 t, keepai''n I~i litOil i eit~l -
ile tIli i i,l'. earm in1iiglalia'5 .,s that waged bi hin( Cualo l he
stI'ltlel SNnail lh f ~visexi'',ste'ii shtshe is 1 Feer tion (ha1 14ur SCe
t'tled tv i 1 t liv ii 111izi11 .ol thiee milli i \l. l . ut i -
Iixll .' t' Iithe (tdnl itlimtll. in the tsil ied wakle, ' l a .i
'Iitilt'. l11'C411454' iiiltt talk11~, it I X avikiilj2i 1t5 Chia ~it~ili IIielll hit
It is lle'tilI4 lill i il t e liis l vtw' ile tlhe st.ulnl i lembels ip
ofl ile Am\l ii enn..i Iederatli~in grol' f\ om ye'ari , t oll gene t1i{ hat the
niil e ili i'elatio t o tli ihe lotIl niuib4 ' X. I+i, eilher re
ii li il llnli d1 lni. i iiimtl i' i.l siil' tl(lil' l. c l4 e i il t il e f(itk l h l l i N
i, li. ti' l i fllt'i is 'm ie i i lI, ill'h the i asi sia'hi iT 'd.
ii11tile liltt lilt:. XIl.i'O Xii~i, sugesIi~i iet'uiiev oltti Itilin''oi .tito I.u
tiie Iiiv lr ii (et .ei X ie inlinS.Elioeil nii'ti ani fis, . the thew t.-rl
iTlthel g it, nl il, i tlllTd hatve jIi lhe ,xp.iso if th e hitce
- iwle ts i l i! i.4 11 uli. ni nii f l the h lles helwe l tival or
!/_allizatlitn in hel I nw<r'o bilter Ilthar lhe ,.lieiig le betel~en o rk\\<i:
or aild eiiitloyeri.
The ofiit a~,hls ofl Itie A-. 1. ofl t.. lltea ht' h | lu the interestsofg~ <
empl oye)i- usl eipl er . arleltt idlenthl iial and ivow atvaneod lit
Ifnirl er lthani lti ideao f ,, a fi n I dai ' s tt a.." fi or I ai n ail' dh-t ', w\orik.
Th'le" Ibetieve ,or illofte... I, Ihelieve that ol ,!lective b~ll',airg iniiig
is Ithl, .llp a +tiid timiega ofl the ,'tl'ul,... tw+, l e!\enr c"atp t"ita l ian lt-J
hM r. butl so fartl ..llel'li\'e. burgini' ngll . iime ti. In themi olyll [lnte
,.niuls bet\\eei ilidividilal cl'ttl' niinhtli t l' t ..e~ly uiti~ ed girolipi
mil l Ilheii" etsii n~yer'.. \ illi lt e r'ighti la snt iit, strl . ike.. s1ill
,'e.leI ill thi( hion ls o < ti he ililer ai umii~ iil uiln~ion ..
T h e , to n ,,e l llio n h ie l tt o fl .. inti y b y t h y ,. e x e c nt iv e h ie lid s . o f
jt
the luler~tlionlt. aid Ilo exe ut~ii 'es o1+ tie .%. !. o1f L .,. i . the
eq. listli..i. b~lt,. of a socliety f'olrevor tiutille up o a.. ,snhjlec
tvage'-Otri'i gi Hll... uilil til idle. lionl-I.!.u cii ngl.' r'uling" clat s...
.. \i..hiin oI al tetlelo ord'er scornl-< to, ilsi re l t holem: lhe inulyi
aplpleil iniulle 1,n lle u rgnil i zedliTl:< workt'ecr tot ilidutc hhim Ilo ,inu
ai iluinion anii , thet onilx" ntl' nll t s advlnled tlii toml- keop those. atl-i
r'0ildl llie!mbit' liailig thtei£ t<intes i., li l \\age ilicr'+al.es canll he!
..et'llrOt. anlid thal wxholre tlo.sedl .lhol. ,,i. 11o ,iobI canl I0 ,. -I
cullrted bly II IInn-uionitl mllnll
Iiniittubtedly the..e aile lpower'lftl ar 'illm 'ts. frl, nll tie mol~
tlrial sl lttmipoilil. bilt tht, do nti mlaii l [ne~t I'al soutnld mitovemeL'i~
lioii do~ lthey v anc|elilt Ili intere..t.. of tihe workinhg. ehi.s+ ai ta
wxhnle. IBec, uile oft~i he li<k ,o1 \x rkin'lii-teles. oduetation in the
II'adh iiniiln nll eietntli li, lhet'ous.e it .ltepenlds. lirgll''ti for it..
existeniue noi {lth, .losed shopiPtqi ~iher thial ori the intllqiigeiiceI
ofr ,huss-cont i ouils wlorik.ers.. Iho .. 1". oI 1.. durii ng. tet'iall.'l ofl
hitlll.tiail! dheprXe..<ioi. h(,ses inemibelrs so rapidlyh thiat dut, in .1
Ihe l"e'ritod ofi ..o-.illetl pen'lspelily...trenui ousll efflrts 'l re r1 e-I''
C]olinulled Tl' lilol'',w. '
F~rankl. I'liel. lhttlker atid miitl'.haili prinilte of 1)illonl: N. "r.
LI uei.. , Ireliied (,oiilhii tet,l' (.oiiessoI Iinh,.l batlei anid miemiber
ofl thle shilo i-iuiiiil ofl prtll e ntsl e, ofl <ii'oul IEnll-:. aiid W . (C. Fiske.
a iretired lii, rchanll ofl Htamnilloi. ICial .ili lh atl it! Tlhr'ee milnl!
lvtw ofl \vhoml. atl least. whl, lio lii n tle lheir forlllituna .usl ni< haig
W illie 1.< tey. iii Hutil Ito ieii'l \ illickl lr flits., 1l 0 1sil' iii .
i1' youi tcal helt. il.
,wini.' (hnull) A\lt~liorne ,Iac.k,.oi i...s ats sucth ia st!'ong7 f'ieiid
tcl.osly iii\,lved w\ith .\lessei'.. Iliel. Leaei.t aind Fisike, ot the golv
olrlol,'. eflficieniiy util, li'atdh c ui'.i iiti m>i,.l he. inv si gn.iie to set,
l ti he g'enllmo n menitiioi ntled hitlve lpaidl--uit ca[d. in the W.hite
wa\ her/i~~'. niiiil.
A Bumper Crop [
'.,
- I ( Dllht)
Ki·~18
Political and Industrial Conditions
In Europe and the United States
(George P. \est, tie au(lthoa of the fnolloving article, re
cenily retired 'fron the upostiin of special assistant to Mr.
tBasil Mlnly, one of' two joint cuhairmen of tlhe Uniled States
war labor board. Prior to IIlh he was editor of the Public.
one of the natioalu magazirnes of liberal opinion. Mr. West
is perhaps best ki:niwt I'or his connection with the itndustrial
relations inommission, of wlhich ;'raiik P. Walsh was chairman.
lhe federal body which condullced a country-wide investiga
lion severaln years ago. revealing a remarikaulble story of the con
spirary of capital against te \vorkers ii this counltry, and
Splcing before- the nation fact s regarding the industriial situa
lion which I'ormr a basis for all campaigns I'or a better indus
Irial order. Mr. West was one o' tlie chief investigalors and
.coint autlhor o the .commission's report. Mr. WXest has re
eelntly been engaged to write for the Bulletin, in connection
-with the Fargo (:ouriier-News, a series of letters on national,
industrial, pollitical and social events of great significance.
, di tor. )
New York. July 24t.- -.ust how
the prediction frequently hea rd
topsy-turvy are som01 of the world's
economl i t institu tions is sho\n byh
alllong ecolnomists lof some schools
thait tGermiany will be driven by do
feat into a greater prosperity and a
higher level of general welfare than
will fall to the lot of the victors
of the world war.
Already the tmlllan goverlnellnt.
which in reality is no more social
ist than that of England or France,
has been forced by necessity to, take
certain drastic steps tihat have been
urged in vain by inlluential ilinori
ties in all countires for' yesars. o(n
the grounid rhat thle would inlllcrise
the general welfare-.
The latest news is tlat. tHorr Eri
herger, minlister of inance. Lha; pier
fected the details of a tax proui ilm
tllat will raise the huge stin! of 90,
l0lt,000,(tl00 rmarks by a levy on cap
ital, or, in other woI ds, by It l con-ll
liscation of private fortuli-nes above at
certain figure. Flortunes of l,0t00
marks and less will be exeli pl, but
beginning at tlhal figure thle newi
levy will take for the state anywhl.er.
fromn 10 per cent to 65 per cent, de.-i
]iending on the size of the fortune.
The higher figulre will apply onlI all
fortunes exceeding 2.000).0') ' rk' llei't.
Taxes may be paid with gorve'rmn.eini
war bonds.
Thus with one stroke cermany
proposes to W'riig the wateI froml its
ctfrrency and restot ' the value of
money to solething like its old fig
ure, while at the same- tilme reliev
inSg Germlan industry of having to
pay tribute to the wealthy linllor
ity who own its bonds.
So crnshing is the Geru(i'in war
debt and llthe tel'rms of tlih peace
treaty that Germiany must either
sink into utter chaos or dispense with
such luxuries as the leisure class and
the unellarlned incomes that support.
it, not to mlention the great wastes
and curtailments of lIproduction that
are inseparable f'c;mn private monop
oly and privilege, and while this will
he hard on the leisure class, it may
bh good for Gertmany. National
lride. and the hard necessitijcs of the
case llay force her capitalists and
landlords to accept without a strnug
gle these beneficial changes that in
other coulntries can only be brought
about after endless friction aind con
flict and the disorganization attend
ant onl conflict. Of course there is
a big "if" here, for even in defeated
Germany privilege will not yield
without a struggle, and Herr Erz
berger's tax scheme has not yet met
the test:
What a nation like Germany can
accomplish in saving and in in
creased lprodltuction when t hese are
seen by the entire population as ab
solutely necessary for continiited na
tional existence maly surprise the
world, ill the opintioin of engineers
and econloists who have studied the
wastes of iindustry as at present con
ducted. It is no longer socialisnil
ior anythinlg else queer and unusual.
but the matter-of-fact calculation of
engineers and scientists. that in in
Sdustry after industry, production can
Ii', doubled and trebled and costs
drastically reduced by insisting on
m naximuinm production and disregard
ing theos private interests that stand
in its way. For instance, in this
country the private coal operators
and the railroads have co-operated to
I keep in operation at least part of -the
I year two or three times too I'inaly
coal minoes, miany of which have no
excuse for existence beallse of theii'
high costs o'r their distance from tihe
market. The big low-cost operators
are glad to encoul:'r; ag this condition
and perpetu ite it, because it means
high prices for cioal. Again. estab
lished private intercsts stand in the
way of revoitiulolary chunges of
proved )practicability, such as central!
power stations at the mines, and the'
conversion of coal at the mine into 0
a gas that would give greater heat;l
vsltue per unit while at the same
titme yielding by-products of enor-;
nilos value-benzol and coal tar.i
These estatlitshed and demonstrated
savings are estimated Iby the Smith-I
sonian ilnstitute at Washingtont, a:
government bureau, at $1,t00,000,-I
000 a year at Ith.e lowest, for this'
country. This is onttly one of many
vast econoillOiois which, economists
point out, the skillful and ingeniousi
(Germans stay Inow inaugurate.
Socialists claim savinlgs as one of0
tIle tltijor beinefits of a coittiuntityt
organized onil a co-operative basis.t
The socialist theory is that the "cap
italist class" will never voluntarily
change industry over to this. basis,!
nor inaugulrate the savings that go
with co-ourdination anti co-operationti
ion a tig scale. And if (termanty str- i
vives without a revolution, she mayi
furnish tile world with a test of
wht. we imay expect of the men now
everywhlre in cotrol --tile capital
tIsIs and managers anld organizers
and engllineers. If in Germany. faced!
as she is with disaster, this class is
notl far-seeing enough and public
slirited enough to sacrifice its imn
mediate lpersonal interests for the
sake of mnaximum production, then
nC where ca'n we expect to see thei
changes come except at the demand;
of a triumphant proletariat.
The extreme view of Germany as
a land blessed by defeat is well,
illustrated by an editorial recently
appearing in "The New Age," a Ion
don weekly which is the oigan of!
one of the most influential groups
of radical "intellectuals." Says The
New Age:
"We assert that far from findings
themselves inore unhlappy than they
have hitherto been, the German
people (the oligarchy excluded)
will in consequence of the peace
terms find themselves happier than
they have ever been. For the
masses life will be better worth liv
ing in Germany than, perhaps, in
any other country. The crushing
burdetn of imperialisin has been
taken fromn off their shoulders; and
only a false pride will grieve at the
loss. The German 'people.' in so
far as they can be truthful with
themselves, will find occasion for
'nothing but satisfaction.
"To the 'people' of Germany. that
is to say, to 99 out of every 100 of
its sixty or so millions, the private
property now to be confiscated and
the public debt now to be appro
priated by the allies would have
b ecn an equal burden if they had
tbaen left in the hands of German
capitalists.
"In coultrast with the real as dis
tinct frolu the sentimental prospects
for Germnany. we invite the (erm~an
people to consider what their de
liverance from Prussiaulislt is like
S13 to cost us. We have been vic
torious; we have succeeded in all
in which t he German governing
classes have failed. Happy are they
that mourn. for they shall be conm
forted, but who shall comfort us
who rejoice? We have adopted
conscription botIt for the army and
navy: we have increased the burden
of our colonial responsibilities. We
have been confirmed in our imnperi
alism. The war to end war, which
has resulted for Germany in an in
htility to manke war. has resulted
for us in an obligation to be pre
pared for war in every quarter of
the world. For every penny our
rulers extracted fromt our labor to
spend on empire before the war, we
mlust consent in future to spend a
pound. The whole burden hither
to borne by the German people wiUl
have fallen on us, to add its weight ;
to an already crushing load.
"The very debt the allies pro
pose to collect from Germany can
ble proved to be to the disadvantage
of the allied peoples, as, by the same
reasoning, it can be shown to be to
the advantage of German labor. For
what is debt. but a demand for goods
and services, that is, for labor? And
if the demand is made of German
labor, it cannot at the same time
be made of British labor. In other
words, there will be employment for
labor in Germany, where there is
unemployment for labor in England.
The surplus of German production
over the purchasing power of Ger
man labor will, it is true, be ex
ported without return; but the sur
plus of English production over the
purchasing power of English labor
is likewise 'exported' without any
return that affects the well being
of 910 out of every 100 of our popu
lation."
Much of this seems far-fetched,
but it at least serves to challenge
and correct a lot of loose thinking
on the subject. As for predictions
of what will happen in Europe,. it
is like predicting next week's
1 weather, and most of us will re
member hbpw the best economists
agreed in 1914 that the war could
L not last more than a year.
S-
JUSTICE
-o n
IAll hale the dawn of a new day
breaking.
3 When it strong-arnicd nation shall
take away
The weary burden from backs that
are aching
Wit maximunh labor, minimum pay.
XlWhien no man is who hoards his
I millions,
i When no man feasts on another's toil
And God's poor, suffering, starving
mI illions
Shall share his riches of sun and soil.
There is gold for all in earth's broad
bosom ;
' Therd is food for all in land's great
S store,
Enough is provided if rightly
divided.
l ,et 'eichl man take what le needs,
no more. -
SSllhame on the miser with unseen
riches
e Who robs the toiler to swell his
hoard,
e Who beats down the wage of the
' l digger of ditches
And steals the bread from the poor
man's bard.
' tShaime on the owner of mines, whose
cruel
SAnd selfish measures have brought
s him wealth
e While the ragged wretches who dig
his fuel
!iAre robbed of comfort of home and
lihealth.
Shame on the ruler who rides in his
e carriage
, Bought. with the labor of half-paid
e men,
Men who are shut out of home and
tmarriage
g And are. herded like sheep in a hovel
n pen.
a To broader vision and fairer play
0 Or let the hand of just law shake
*s himti
r 'Till his ill-gained dollars shall roll
t Let no man dwell under a mountain
S of plunder,
e Let no man suffer with want awl
d .cold.
e We want right living, no more alms
d giving.
W e want just dividing of labor and
gold.
WORKER.
9 m
I Today's Anniversary. I
Salt Lake City Founded.
Salt Lake City was founded by the
M\ormons on July 24, 1847, 72 years
ago today. At that time the whole
region lay far beyond the advancing
wave of civilization. But the city
did not long remain the isolated oasis
in the desert. The city is laid out
chess-board fashion, with all the
streets wide and the blocks 40 rods
square. The tabernacle of the oMar
mons is especially famous for its ex
traordinary acoustic properties. If a
persou Ilghtly scratches his finger
nail alohg the pillar in one end.of the
building; the round is heard in the
oi)posite. nd of the building.
London.-New Zealand will place
a 100-year ban on German emigration
according to Dominion Premier Mas
sey, speaking at a luncheon here.
i.

xml | txt