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Qhel8ntk Ba1 Ihd-dit
Issued Every Evening, Exzept Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO. kat.erd as emoond-Class Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postomce at Butte, Mentana Pnder Act of March 8, 1879. PHONES: Business Office, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292 BUSINEBS OFFICE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One Mont .....................75 Six Months .................... 8.75 Three Monthe ..................$2.00 By the Year....................$7.00 The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places in Butte. Jacques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobban Depot Drug Store, 828 East Front St. George A. Ames, Jr., 816 12 N. Main St. P. O, News Stand, West Park St. Internstional News Stand, S. Arizona St. Palace of Sweets, Mercury and Main Sta. Harkins' Grocery, 1028 Talbat Ave. Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. blontaoa Helena Confectionery, 785 East Park St. SIGN UP! Come down to the Bulletin office and sign a monthly pledge : :-: :.: MANGANESE AND MEN. IIf any I'rther ipr'of Ihat the government of the Uniled Stales, as operatinig noIi. . is a gi'verlenlle I (l' Ihe interests, for the irnterests all hy lthe ilneresls, instlead it' a government of the people. by the people aiid for the ipeople, we have ronly ito consider the adlminislralionl's wheniu in hastening In pay niil lions to the big miniing cimpanies I'or molires invested in man ga'nese planis dluring the war and contlrast. that action w'ith Ihe lii..gardlly way inl \\whicli the same administrlatior is trealinlg the \\'Oiundedi, nmaimred and permanriently cilppledl boys who r.e I rneied from Friance. For instane. d.ling the last week ill ntle Ihe federal arin emal reliel' board has been in sessionm. C(hlaims aggregating somnething c(lose ti a million dollars were presented bly mining companiies operating in this state, Ilhe claims being for armounts invested in manganese pInills at a time w\\hen the manriga .inese industry -was one of the mos prol'itable war indlstlries, which dplants now\\' are not as necessary as they were tduring the war. For instance, the Anaconda Copper Mining enompan y---thlla nest of patriotic impulse. from which gunmene were sent forth during the war 1to har'ry really patrinotic citizens who objected to the compainy's dirty laclics; iii w'hich ipdolots ito lynch and as sassinate others were hatched, anit in which the Ilag-waving profiteers were given their 'lies Io minlel the putllici p lt iin a claim f'or $542.7417.(s8. The Anraconlda's claim is typical ofl the rest. It works this way: ,,. liuring the war when manganese was needed in great quamn tilies il the maIniacl' lllre ofl' m nitions and when the industry carried exceptional profl'its. Ithe Anaconda cornmlany entered into the manganese rbusiness. Nii onre ever heard the company announce that it intendrid to sell its ,manganese to the govern ment at cost: the inl'erence beinig that the companlny entered into lthe business as at hilsiiness lpropositiorn. realizing that through the plrodnction of' manganese great profits woitll ac crile. Ill conriectiirn with its entry i Ini the mangianese irirdslry the Anacondr u Ionmpany stnrled erecltion of a l'terrol- mangalnese plant at (;reat Falls. abalndonlingr previious iplans I'o'r a zinc pilant at an estimated cost of a milliion and a hall', in order to enter into the more prfl'itable prodnelioc of' nariganese. Aind, lby the way, instled ot a new pli ant in iI new hnildiling, the illln lpany utilizedi its old smelter' l 'ii'1 housing the maillganl ese mill. P ila s were oile ti'r five I'furnl es, t11il when IIe rurnistice piut fll enid to hoslilitiies, oiint lnhree had been c nstrlii' leid. Sitro 59i4,,l0 ton s of' riiiatl,'aliese 're hlail l i r aee e u lll telt ald . n t he smelter on the dalte ofl the arminist ice, which, io couirse, plit ali enid t the immediate rush tior nllllliganese. Naturally, the Anaicondia Ciopper i\liiing conmpalry wa's Ithe loser. Ini lthier wirds it hadil inveslted capital iii the ile niri ri 'ii' ltimanganlese, tN when that demand ceiiasedt, tlihe eXlpetcled litl' its in thie capildl iinv'eslted were not i l'ir'ltiu iniig. Aniid law com'ies the tInitied Stales government with inl of' fer' I Ireoe'uinutense all these naiiiiuln i ol'lnlirp u itions siiuch ai s Ithe Aniacondia. us \well as hiundredis of' small'er oniies, 'iur all their' losses. Sthl e lcl isiti"i"' l is anhilt as ni asll tis li tt'el iiit s 11 t as ii somtie neighborhood govery, anlticipating a r1un o mlhnlry sojl.. sltocked u· p heavily \Jwith thtl h cJmmoa 1ily an l lthe rln 'ail ing to materialize, the neighhourIholo ctlonstiers l'riton whiin the grotcer expected i t make lirol'its t In the sales oi' Ihe sotlp, came tii him and paid him rwhat lihe i\nvesledt in the soia, per milling, him to retnin his stuck. The lpropjsal (itf the govertiimeu INi reimurse the IIe man ganese specutlarti s It'o their losses is exactly simiultr toI the hypothhetical case of the grocer. Iii the case oil' the Anaconda company. whicht. ,on a smaller scale iS exactly the same ais the other claintanls, the comupany invested money in a piant, ex jieting to matke hig i itl'ils; the rol'its Ifailing' in materialize, the governmet. which would have paid lhe profits. steps in and gives the coImpany what it had invested and lper'mits it to still retain \ow anership in the plant. Now, (culrasledi with this, let uits take lite case of the sohlier, who. leavinrg, perhalps, a .osilion which paidi him $+15) pIer nlmonlh, say, goes to work for the governente as ai soldier, sail or or marine tor $3t0 per montlh. 'The soldier, sailor or marine, has invested his btiod his miAl, his strength--his earning Iower-in the war. In France he loses an arm. or a leg. or an eye, or perhaps nacquires tuberc lusis, rhenumalism or some other chronic ailment which diminishes his earning power. ile comes back to the ltnited States a rilpple. unable blecautse ofl his injuries to hold down his pre-war job at giood wages and is lforced to take whatever jioh at wihatever salary he .alt earn. Bit has anyonte heard of the United Stales government agree ing to reimburse Ithat wounded soldier lfor the loss of the catpi tal he invested in the war--his health, his strength, his arms. legs, or earning power? We do not. Of course, we have the burieau f war risk insurance. VWe have the monthly allotments to partly or wholly disabled me n, but in no inslance that has come to our knowledge is the com pensation paid anywhere ineir I.ust or adequate. For instance., in anotlher 'olu.mn of this issue appears a pen and ink sketch of a wouidedl sihlier which appeared in "Sol diers.' Sailors'. Marines'.' a plublicatlion issued at Washington by returned war heroes, the official organ of thie American Legion. The commuent which accompanied the picture, which is drawn from life, states that this man, minus his right arm and right leg--1 practially a helpless cripple for life, is $3.0 per month. We have no way of knowing what the soldier in ques lion earned belore-sihe war, but we are certainly sure that it was greatly more I.an $30,. per month. Now, how aboul this casre, and how about the thousands more just like it? While the government is willing and anxious to pay out millions to the already wealthy speculators who in vested capital 'for the purpose of swelling their fortuues out of war necessities, what is going to become of the meln like the soldier shoiw ? Certainly the soldiers did not invest actual cash in the war, except inl the case of Liberty bond subscriptions, but the in vestmeiit of each soldier was infinitely greater than the hun dreds of thorusands ilnvested( by the Anaconda company. Each soldier investedl his body. his very life, and, iin the cases of those \.ho dietd there canl be no restitutiion- the government cannot bring their poor mangled dead bodies back to the pulsating life that was theirs before they fell on the field of battle, but Ilie goverinelit rua and should hesitate about paying millions Io the minirng speculators when they limil a relurned soldier, iuch as the one shown ii, the drawing in this issue, to $30 a inll th. The governnmlnt's action in the manganese eases as eon Irasted with its action in the cases of the common soldiers, dis plays what Ile ltnlletin has maintained and continiies to main lain-. - t-Ihat Ithe war was not a war fought, to make the "world sal'e Icfor dellemocra.." bilt was brought about and fought he ('llle IJ ('lcll 'ercial realsonl , the reasons of big business, of which the copper trust is a shining member. And we further leelar'e our strengtlhened belief in what we have already de clarecd--thal whilte the overwhelming majority of the boiys who weta i war m ditl so because of a principle, they have been stadly disilltsiomized. ProleCli ig speculators from loss of profits expected throuigh the exploidtion of our soldiers in battle and at the same time denying the victtims of the war any reasonable protection may he "good business" from the standpoint of the interests; but we venture to say that the acts will not be passed by by the peo ple as a whole--the returned soldiers especially. But they do serve to show the cause of the present. seething "unrest," namely, that our government is a government of, for and by the Iig interests anid not of the people. AFTER THIS-WHAT? Montana, in past years, has been noted for its eorr'upt pol ilics and corporationll domination of the executive and judicial offices of the slate. We have had instances--many of them of hribery andl i is a malter of common knowledge and record that at least one man paid a good-sized fortune to secure clec tion to the United States senate. Instanees in which the men of the state were given unlimited booze and Montana was plungled inlot a two, thiree or tour day orgy of dilrlkenness by rival candidates are not unknownii. In more recent history we have had instances of ballot biox stful'fing. voting of' dead persons and non-residents. clubbing and heating of judllges, checkers and watchers at the polls, .when those pelrsons were opposed to the corporate interests' candidates. All in all, Montana's political, executive and ,judicial history cain be slimmed up in lhe one word-corruption.. Ituit, with all the state's past history of corrnuptlion in polities, never, even in the palmiest days of the Daly-Clark, lieinze Amalgamated fights, never has there been perpet.rateed by the Ipolitical buzzards of the corporate interests such open-faced, brazen delfiance of the people's rights and prerogatives as has beeni sltaged duilring the special session of t lie state legislature which is now in session. N\ever bel'ore has the oligarchy of capilal and polilicians so openly flouted the people, and, abandoning all camouflage, sthow\vn themselves up in their tirue light. The actionls of the '-same slimy political gang ' at Helena ldurinig the special session betray feanr, fro' nolhing less thanl fIear o a milleniumn in which the .people will once and for all overthrow\\ tile forces of iprivileg' and corruptlion, could have 'nullsedl such pimst mlasters in thLi art iof diplmnatie political cr'iioboediless iis, for instanice, Hig'gins 0of' NMissoiula, Meyer nidtl tKelley of Illle, to display such' brazeniless ill the service of Iheir masters. \\orld eventIs duIting Ihe hasl two yearis have shown Ihe trend Il' thiiigs. i'Events have shlowin that ill eveiry couniiitry oil tlhe globe the people--tlhe iindeir-paid wage slaves, the exploited ----- ihave coiiie to thliir seniises and are dleteriiii ned that things iiiust ('change and Ithe exploiters of' todaiy must exploit no more. Foi' centurlllies the workers in all countries, the Uniled States loinilg them, have been ground down until at last. Ihey have rIcilie'hel Ihe poit where thle.' can stanid no imor'e. Convulsions ill llissia. , ler alnlii y, lHungary and iii other counitries have al icady overthr'\\'owni tihe exploiters indl l inte lmvement is spread iing. TI'lie mpeople at last have ,comne lto an Ialmost iinanimous 'iiconcluision thlt iitocra('cy, whether iI' '.yalty or industry, is iltoleraii hle. Anid niowhliei're in the United Stales has that determination on the pal of' fthe Ipeople become more prioniunced than inl Moni llilna. And iti is this fear---this thought of tIhe peoplle's march of progress iniov'ilig relentlessly on--lthat has haisteied the acts of ihe corporations which conlltrol oll' state politics, has maide thmiii cast lpre.ltensiie uside and ini ilone hold mastler stroke attempt io s Iislei them iselves on tihe people's hacks that tIhey caninot ever he sihaikeni oft'. The peopllle ellacted a pi'i imary law. w\\hich look away from the corporations the power to name their own eandidates willy-nilly at closed colivenliions, where atll that was necessary for Iheii to control the machineryl ' of' stale ipolities was to coln trol the maclhineiie 'y of' tie con\velntions. Last wintei, in an e' fort to Irega'iii somile oft' the slllte-makliig power denied Ihem intder the direct primiiary law. thie corporatl ions had bills pro losing amendmentiis ito the law enacted byiv the legislature land suihniilled to Ithe people. But tihe people \walnt no amendments; Ihey are perfectly satisfied with the law ias it is. Hence, we saw tlhouisainds iof pelitiois. bearing signatures of the common peoIlpe, filed lt tIhe state house pintesling against even ii lhe submihssion of any such proposed amendmentes. Awa\ie tha eveni Iliooiigh hey forced the issue and thlrough the machinations of' a i rul'ulpt court cnaused tihe allmelldments to be sulhbiilled, they wouild be voted down, and, realizing that-it is a maltler of only one more election when Ithe corrupt forces of the statle will le ove'rthrown. the conrporatiions, through their political lools at lielen., decided to stake all on one lthrow of tihe dice. A special session was called. ostensibly to provide relief' for rouitilh-slricken farmers. lHlowever, no measures for the relief of the farmers have beenm adopted and, from every UThe Rear Guard HAT If [L HORSES ROiJ? (rOUl I AWAY1, HEy 1He with iWpliRMEýDIS wOag 0 3iyj NEVER F All OVER .flf AXLE Mi bwCA IM i 9 ROAA UUbaTO (E LO Oh WAI BREAK AN It be IN 'ý lll1 Nt AXLE Ilill CORNS . RIKE '(I4 ý?5 A I, IR (ý v14 ,: (Os-at~t) LY~r ~ : i: / j ii:1:. indication, none will be adopted, while the entire time of the legislators has been taken lup with the introdnetion and pas sage of such hills as the one repealing the primary by legisla live enactment withonut giving the people a voice in the mat tecr, and the proposition Ito appoint Iwo more judges to the sul preme clllurt, hlbh as emergency measures, "necessary or tlihe public peace and safety," and holh directly in opposition to the wishes of the people and in open deftiance of the rights of the people to decide these matters for themselves. In 1776 Ihe colonists revolted and threw off the atnlhorily o' EIngland ibecause they objected to bei nug taxed witho it repre sCelatioml; in 161 the North and the South w\'ere Ihrown inlt a bloody war over a (ljestlion of states' rights. The blood Ihal ran ini the veins the f the armers of' the 13 colonies and also in the veins of' tIhe combatlulits in the civil war flows today in the veins ,f the farmers, thle mechanics anid the workers of Montana. In Montana now, the Anaconda C;opper Mining company, and its allied interests, not only seeks to tax the people of the state withoiut representation; not only seeks, but does abridge the rights of' the state--the pieople; and goes even further and strikes atl he very t'undamen als of popIllar government. Will history repeat itsell' in Montana? We believe it will. Bly no strelch of' the imagination can we see the people of the stale---the sovereign Iree peiople of Monlnar, who, who, although the inltstrial slaves of the corporate, interests, are never'the less sllturenme in Iheir know\vledg'e that all power within the slate emanates will Ith them, agreein'g to the riepeal 'of' the pri mary by legislative enactment. or Io the additioni l' two subservient, copper-collared judges to the supreme bench. '.They have reached the lpint where they cannot andl will nol longler stand for Ihe nilnocl'ertic and tdisgracef.ro 'iil e of tile many by the few'. Who knows btl thint the special session will, through its very brazenness, serve at least one good pu0rlpose--to hasten Ihe day of the amnalgamnation of' the people to the end that henceforth thle peOple ani rinot tIlie corptorations anid their car riupltionists, \will rile. OPEN FORUM NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of the paper or.ly; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under this head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor. To hulletin Readers: Frequently 'ontributions for this column are re. celved by the Bulletin, but cannot he published because of the fact that the writer haIs signed an anonymous signature, but has withheld his true name and address. Oftentimes these communnlcations bear on subjects of grave importance that are of great interest. It nmy be stated here that no com munications which do not bear the signatures of the contributors will be accepted for this column. The fact that we require all contributors to .ign their contributions with .their true names and addresses does not necessarily mean that the signature will be printed. An anonymous sig nature for publication of the Bulletin and as an indication of good faith we require tlhat the writer make his or her identity known to us.-The Editor. PROFITEEEING AND OUR CHILDREN. Editor Bulletin: We recently read the statement in a prominent magazine that there were millions of undernourished children in our public schools. We believe it. We all know that for years Amer lean made goods and American food stuffs have sold for muhen less in Europe, Asia and South Africa than they do at home. We know it to be a fact that in Butte teachers arb told to give pupils, who fail In their school work passing grades, so that they may go to work. We consider this a crime against the child as his too short school life must be farther abbreviated so that he can rush aft er the dollar and furnish more cheap labor for his employer. We notice many of our bright eighth grade pupils employed in a certain store of this town at the re ported munificent wage of 0.50 'per week. We Americans need to learn-what. the dollar won't buy, as well as what it will buy. 'rite common people are being slowly and surely driven to the wall---but they will have a desperate fight coming, as the survival of the race is at stake. We are speaking for the child be cause the child of the future must be more grown up mentally than the present generation of adults. Look at the childish way in which men handle the vital business of the na tion. Profiteers put up prices. Then wages must be raised that man may live. This gives the railroad men and others another excuse for boost ing prices. Everything being high, land values are inflated until land goes away beyond the reach of the young man without capital. Think what 160 acres of farm land and the equipment for farming it, in, say, Iowa, costs a man at present. The land sells at $400 per acre, ma chinery, stock, etc., will cost him a good $5,000 more. Land and labor are our only sources of wealth and of the two, land is the most fundamental. In Africa a man may gather wild fruits and nuts and live, and the value of labor counts but little. Civilization is becoming so exces sively complex that we are forced to look out for each other or the race will perish. Men with large families in Butte are putting their children out to work as soon as they can be gotten out of the schools by fair or foul means. This means a lot morer of mental weaklings to fall prey to the men who so easily rob the ignor ant. The war had a most pernicious ef fect on America in that,it gave the profiteers an excuse for boosting the price of everything under the sun. When.we get to the point where we can put a lot of them in the peniten tia-ry we will reap our war indemnity. Our industrial autocrats are the most conceited men on the face of the earth. They think their money can save them at all times and in all places. But the czar was wealthy, fani where is he? Cnminlns says the country is go lng to smash unless something is done. We sowed the dragon's teeth long ago when we granted so much of our valuable land to the railroads, oil and coal companies, etc. We let the monopolies get hold of our great natural resources not realizing how a full grown crop of dragons would appeal to us. Now we are at our wits end and we will con tinue to be until we devise some other means of handling our national resources. Wages go up, then liv ing goes tiup more than the increase in wages until in the near future it will be impossible for any laboring man to keep a family. "Time makes ancient good un couth," says the poet. We are just beginning to learn that our present industrial system won't work. We have got to evolve a new one, and, no matter how conservative a man is, if he has the brains of a jelly fish, he knows that something has to be done. Warren S. Stone may advocate a firing squad for the profiteers, but only a new gang will arise under some other guise unless we can train the future generation to be wiser than their fathers. We need not blame the profiteers as much as the system that allows them to grow. In conclusion, I wish to say that we will have to have a new system of land ownership, a, new tax system and more intelligent people. We encourage profiteering in child labor in Butte. Why then, kick about it, only along other linien. The packers and other monopofies own us at pres ent and we are fools if we 'won't ad mit it.. Look at the cost of shoes, keroselie, gasoline, etc. Modern surgery arrived nowhere, until things were put on a scientific basis. The medicine man with his charms and incantations, was just as sensible and efficient as our pres pnt trust-forming pirate - breeding system of governnrent. We give railroads millions of acres of our best land and foster in them the very things we punish them for. It is like training tip a boy to be a thief and then puntising himefor be ing one. Why do shoes cost its so mnuclh-=aid how long '.does -anyone think it will take to find the cllprit? We' admire our. legislature's ef forts In our behalf but we sincerely believe that they. will he largely futile. We have a mighty big ex periment coming befbre we.:get on a more scientific basis. M. B. C. Victor, Mont., Aug. 4, '19. Editor Bulletin: I would like to say a few words about the high cost. of living. The people of Butte are getting robbed, as we all know; but the people of the Bitter Root. valley, too, are surely up against it. Our local mercantile company is robbing us to a finish here. Toma toes and corn are 25 cents a can; three bars of chean laundry soap are a quarter, and other, things about the samue. I noticed where one store in Butte was advertising 22 bars of laundry soap for $1; here it is 12 bars for $1. Butte stores quote tomatoes at 15 cenits a 'can not so 'long ago, The people in Butte think eggs are too high at 50 cents a dozen. I am in the poultry business, but I will quit, as soft wheat is $4.50 per hundred. We have to pay 30 cents a pound for steak off an old cow, and the same butchers here are offering 20 cents a pound for liens and 25 cents for young chickens. If the proper authorities don't make a move mighty soon to shut off these pirates, the people will take it in hand' themselves. I thought I would write to the Bulletin, antd hope you will show up this gang. Yours truly, JOHN FIRTH. Miles City, Mant., Aug. 7,'. 1919. Editor Bulletin: , . The fuel question in this city is quite a problem."- Coiul'is $9 per ton, and a. dollars 'wQrth of wood can'be carried home at one trip. The Milwaukee. Railroad company has a large amount of scrap .wood from the repairing of cars, but in stead of selling it to employes, the wood is burned in huge bonfires. Today two whole cars were "lumped over and fiae.d. Is this fuel conservation ? SUBSCRIBER. Attention, I. Wi. W. No. 800. Regular bnsine.a'dieeting of Butte branch of iMetal Mine =Workers' In dustrial union,..No. 800, tonight, at 8:p. m., at 318 N. WVyomingstreet. usineass of Importance.