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Iasade Every Evefning, Except Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISHING 00. atare.d as Second-Glases Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at Butte, Montana taider Act of March 8, 1879. PHONES: Business Offlice, 52; Editorial Rooms, 292 BUSINESS OFFICTOE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET S SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One Month ................. .. 75 Six Months ... ...... 8.75 Three Moneths ..................$2.0.) By the Year............. ....... $7.00 The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places In Butte. Jacques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobban Depot Drug Store, 828 East Front St. George A. Ames, Jr., 816 1-2 N. Main St. P. O. News Stand, West Park St. International News Stand, S. Arizona St. Palace of Sweets, Mercury and Main Sta. Harkins' Grocery, 1028 Talbot Ave. Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. Montana Helena Confectionery, 785 East Park St. SATURDAY, ATG. 23, 1f19. SIGN UP! Come down to the Bulletin office and sign a monthly pledge :-: :-: :.: PROMISES AND PERFORMANCES OF WOOD ROW WILSON. The queslion of war xwitlh Mexico is Ihe most importanti imn mediate question now conf'ronlini g this nation. The inlperialiss are leleriminjdl lo invade anrid conquiier Mexico iin order that the. oil and mineral resources nmay he profitablyv exptoiled aid the Mexicane forced I n inbIor' or)', lthe Amer'icrarn ncapitalist at sl.ivatii \w'wages. No question of right or wrong troubles the minds of the pow erful financial lords vwhn are drlernminedI to( have iexi', I'co fo lieir' own: lhey and Iheir' press agents are woreking systemati canlly, nighl and iday, preparing the public minid for war. They are now digging Ihe graves for the bodies o(t the workers that w'ill (ie on Mexican soil Ia salistfy the greed of the industrial masters of this nation. \WhyIv (does not the champion of worhld-dermocracy in the White house speak ol andl dein.rounce these poltential ihurd(er ers? Surlely tie knows 0,tI the\ Amerincan 'workers are lired and sick of war! it he wishes ti stop the killing; of American citi znse in Mexico why it.oesn'l he send tIrops to the headqualrter's of I. P. Morga- n ..r. Ihe . nI ard . li company and tI o all the haunts of' the interests thal are financing and sending arms and muni lions to the banidits so that the slaughter' may rnot cease? Has he forgotllen his own lterainces oun the. Mexican qines tion, as lie seemr s to have forgo"tten his utteIrances on lrlissia and on all the other matllers in w\\hicih the trust o tlhe American people has bieen berayed? \\'hat. of the following quotations from his nnrrie'ous speeches? W"ere these sentiments expressed) simply to chloro form inpubllic opinion while the war-madil gronps iof plrndeirers had their own fo-n il way? April 2(0, 19 I : The peoplie of Mexico are entitled oI settle their own doiimeslic affairs in their own way. and we sincerely desire Io recsecl their rights. * * * There cal in wiral we hlo be no Ithoughl of aiggr'essin, o( Il' selfish aggrarrndtize rllient. N ov. .i. 1511 i-: We shall never in any ('iri'.an'muaces seek Into imake an ioi.upenduent 'eiplte suihjec(''t to o, dominiion, hearuse we believe. \\e piassiioiately lbelieve. ini the right iif every pei - ple to choose their oxnyu alleiaruce and he free masters atl ti.eelter. In hlis t.hirl anniiial message lie said: I a we have at lnast proved tha w ill e l-ot take ad vantage of her in her dlistress andl underltake to iimpose ion ti0er an order' and gnivernin.riIl of m own choosing. ni i We will aid nril befriend Mexico. huit we will mI i(,erce hier': all n o arllr c se with rega.n' I her' (oulit Ii Ile suificient plot' to ai l America that we seek nro ipolit ial suzeraintly or selfish control. ,lunie 30(, 101. beflore the Press club of New, York, he made the following slatleinert: b 1 \\ill" 441I a (a144114 t Iins ,ill e i 1)i ( 411 tIlIIIk that Ia ny I1t (1' violetnce by a ipo\\ erful naltil like his agi ainlst. weo k and ( l4 4 -istl'aled neigo' li ' r \,o4l4 reflect list in tion upon the annall s of the 1 niled Sliates? * * * I have cons-tantly to re intl- l nyself thatl I ili nl l lie seirvalint )of those who wish 4to e all n e tiilth, vaiIe 4al llof th'eir i Mexici iln v'estiei tsl . i1u Ilit I al Illthe s. vill iof the ranl k anid file of the people of the l nited States. .luly i0, 191( : I hear some geniliemen say that they want Ito help Aex i(.o, and the way they proplose to helpl her is to overwhoelml her with force. Thalit is the long way to help Mexico, as well as lite wrong ray. * * * She believes that we want. to po.issess heri , and as she has rjuslilic ation for the belief in the way in wlhich soie 1of orir fellow c'itizens have r ied to explloit hier plri vileges aindl lipossessionsli. For ry ipal, I will not serve tfie alnilins ofl these ge. lleimenl. SIn Sept. 2. i0 itil, .saileo year ill his speech lic .ept ling lthe nomination, hle lIted : The people o1 Mexico, have inot been st5'4'ereid 1to -own their own country or di iretl heir own iillstiltions. Oull siders. lien out of other . ll t ionls and with interests 1 4to often alien 14 their own. have dictated wha4lt theiir privi hleges land pportunitllles shoud he and vwhio 1shou4ld control their land. their, lives and their reslurcles-- so e of themi Anlmericans, pressin'lg fr' tllhings they could never have gut iin their own countyily. I have helard no one who wa s free from suieh influenilces propose inlerl'erenli e by the Ltniteld Slaltes with the in ternal affairs of MIexiho. * * I here againi vow it. 1 ami more interested in the fortlunes 4of oppressed Cmen land1 pitiful wo Iiien and children thani1 in any pr'Coperty righlls whatever. " In Jule, 1918, spea kinlg to a meelinig of 05 Mexicanl editors. he said: My ownl policy and the policy of imy ownl adminihislration toward Mexico was at every poinllt lised upon this prin ciple: Thal. Ithie iint ernal sellein1t ofl t he affairs of1' M1ex ico was noie of our busillness: Ihatt we had 1no right to) in terfere with lor dictate to Mexico in any partll'icultar with regal'rd to lier own afl fairs. * * * So I hope that you can carry bat)ck to your' homes some thling better thanI assurances and words. Beiauteiful plhrases, these! But so were his phrases con cerring our war aims and the final results of the world-war; Union Stock Holders in the1 BUTTE DAILY BULLETII IUNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee, Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith (Bear Creek). FEDERAL LABOR UNTON --Livingstofi, Great Falls. MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle. CEREAL WORKERS--Great Falls. TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION-Butte. BLACKSMITHS' ITNION-Butte, Miles City, Seattle. SELECTRICIANS' UNION--Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda, Seattle. BAKERS UNION-Great Falls. SHOE WORKERS---Great Falls. PLASTERERS' UNION----Great Falls. RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City. MUSICTANS' UNION--Butte. BREWVERY WORKERS' ;UNI ON-Butte. I HOD CARRIERS' UNION---Butte, Bozeman, Helena, Seattle. STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte, Portland. BARBERS' UNION--Butte. I METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA. PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte. MAILERS' UNION-Butte. STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Buttec. BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte. ' PIPEFITTERS' UNION--Butte. BROTHERHOOD I3OILERMAKERS AND HELPERS--.Bute, and'l Livingston. " STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS--Great Falls. BUTCHERS' UNION--Great Falls. BAKERS' UNION-Butte. I INTERNATIONAL MOLDERS' UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-11Btte. LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle. PIUMBERS' UNION-.--Butte, Seattle. IllROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.i 224-Miles City. TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City. BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, COPPERj LODGE NO. 430--Butte. BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS UNION-Butte. PAINTERS' UNION---Blutte, Seattle. CARPENTERS' UNION NO. 1335--Seattle. TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland. BOII,ERMAKERS, SHIIPBUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA| -Tocamo. Seattle, Livingston. INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND I-IELP-I ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle. WVORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall, Seattle. BUILDI)ING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle. INTERNATIONAI, ASSOCIATION OF1 BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL5 IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86---Seattle.! INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINIST HELPERS--Butte. AND TIIOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA. "The distinguished Mr. Kolchak, of Russia, appears finally to have reached the end of his little rope. The United States and some other governments stupidly trying I to force on Russia a hand-picked reactionary ruler have i perhaps learned a lesson. Nobody in the United States government is in any way equipped to select rulers or make laws for nations across the water. Two hundred million Russians will decide what they want to do without help from us. The sooner the people of this country instruct i their official employes to mind the business of this country, the better it will be for the United States.-Washington Times, Aug. 14, 1919. so were his phrases about Ihe peace Irealy and he cov'enant of the league of nations. The people of Ihis land are again faced wilth he prospect another inmpelialist war itller havig ,just inishlied ''a war to end \Var;' another of our president's phrases. Ill his hands is the power to decide for peace or war. If he decid Ies for a---- . al. we fear that. the dlecisionl is already made - he stlands forth for once in his Irite guaise, what we at least have al\\ways 1believ\ed him Io be, the mouthpiece of fIhe rapa ious hanld of coiscieinceless plunderers who rule this land. lie p'\oves tllerebty Ihal he is hlut a puppet whose joh is to hlyptnotize the peopnle with high-sounding word.ls while their rtters tand his idrive themi to the slaughter. \\ar with lMexico, is wanton rmturdetl; war with Mexico is a ldruggle in which the 'workers will give Iheir lives that their oppresso irs may vbe enlricthed; war with Mlexico is al inexcusable anld monslrils crime. If the president allows it he is inl no wise better thanit the cir~wd of vultures who are urging him on. A FEW "SOLUTIONS." 'Thlie dis'cussion celiter'i.g arouind the qliu.estioi of the high c(ost of living tins revealed the intellectual poverl'y of some of our leadintg iiils ias nothing else eover liihas. The bright galaxy oif sipller-iitelellts of whicuh our Intiled Slates senate is com ipolsedi ai thlat greatl demiocrat, \\oiii'liw Wilson, have all submllillted tIheilr solutiiionis and theoy makti e interesting reading. T'he Litiber Workers Itliltletiti gives the 'followinig as the sume tItal t1 ' Ithe assistlllance rei ered by io r foremost experts iii the goveriniei: Presidient \ ilsiin--- The senate's delay in ratlifying the. peiace trealty. Senlator .\ler., lilin ilnai---I-fl'laliia n the currency. Senator 'lt hinlliis. Colorado-.. lligh ltaxes levied by the $..000.00,) 000 bill. Seatollll Sinilt, CIlih h.. eavy exportation ofi necessi ties. nearly $)00li,0, )t0 going tlabroad last month, break inlig aill rectords. Se.toll r li \ltnrmicki' . Illtinois. --- l ,Ivernm ent.ll extrava igatce., Ias inl tIe tillions wasted in aiii'iif and shipping. Seallt o Shert man, Illinois---Rletail riiofiteering. Seniatollr \i(c ellar. Teniiessee-.-- (i:oh storage. Senitr.i Ki ti'enyon, laxwn---Th'le plack(ers. Se inator Sn ith, Soith ]Carolina ---- I iovies and flivvers. Seinatori (irutiuitia, North lik ita---'t. 'l lr mituch \vwages foil the few lhoi's iof service. (Speak toi r I voiirself, JIohn.) hIeliuliiari Leader M andell ---The ticdeimcratic party. Ilcih p ll tar k--.--.The replliican plaly. Aboulit the nllyii thing that has litd been blamed arie sun spots and it is inotl too mnucih i expeIl thati some scientific sen aito may yet fix .he i'espionsihility on Ibis solar phenonileinot. There are ia tw- soitialists ho'li insist thal thie present stiffer intg atnd miiserty liuiert the soaring Ivinig clsts is due to our in siie sys(tei of induslt'y; a system that compels the millions to live ill povertly, while at fewo\\ possess i-ore wealth than they can possibly use. It is prhaile. however', Ital int nm.ch allenlion will be paid tIo these suu'ialistil' dreatiier"s tfii' s.ine time yet : at least ntl uln Itil all oither remedies have beeni tried anid foiunid wanting. liOe P-lei' Ii owler, said to be iniiternaitional organizer' fo'r the Cairpenlioeris' uniion, who, according tio ita morning paper', has iii I'licted himself, on Bule, asserts in nit inte'rviewv Ihat lie lihas ino faithi in thlie . It. iU. t.ovelment. I. ialitless! If the 'carpent-ers" international was affiliated wilh the O. B. IU. Dowler would he out. of a soft, job. Archie lItuikelets .1osephiits foiuntld the sledding too rough as i'iller of ut iingary aind resigned. However. His lDukelet s may get some consilation from the fact that. those chamtpionis of demiociracy. hhe Dig Five, ihave never shown any dispositiotn to hang those of "royal" blood. --- __II'------= I- , - I . J- - , ." ' IjJ." _I ... . TheLast Saw ii gs;; 1. 7h "Tn ",°. . OPEN FORUM NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of the paper only; also he as brief as possible. Articles appearing under .his head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany your communication, but will' not be used if you request.-Editor. To Bulletin Readers: Frequently contributions for this column are re ceived by the Bulletin, but cannol be published because of the fact that the writer has signed an anonymous signature, bat has withheld his true iiname and address. Oftentimes these communications bear on subjects of grave importance that are of great interest. It may be stated here that no com munications which do not bear the signatures of the contributors will be accepted for this column. The fact that we require all contributors to sign their contributions with their true namles and addresses does not necessarily mean that the signature will be printed. An anonymous sig nature for publication of the Bulletin and as an indication of good faith we require that the writer make his or her idenitity known to us.-The Editor. Iismarck, N. BD. Editor Bulletin: An inspired ray of hope floods the hearts of those behind the prison walls to observe the onward march of labor and feel the heel of the op pressor lifting in their helplessness. That penitentiaries exist, is but conclusive proof that the status of our social life is wrong. The so called criminal that has increased in alariling numbers, in the majority of casds are simply those who have rebelled against the crushing wheels of capitalism. Deep scars have been rifted in the flanks of labor' by the persecution of individuals compelled by adverse cir cumstance to drift into the lines of least resistance. War, the great edu cator, has disclosed many things. Among these are, that Americans have been awakened to the truth, that living in America does not con stitute freedom, that the laws of our land are a contemptible mockery, and that democracy is not to be[ found on the blood-washed fields of France, but can only be` gained through the sacrifice of life and lib erty as portrayed by the indomitable leaders of labor, many of whom are now languishing in prison for speak ing the truth in a free speaking coluntry. Stripped to its bare skeleton, cap italism stands forth in all its hideous nakedness, an enemy to the mass, yet we find those who will bow in fawn int subservience to the masters. The most servile acquiescence and puppetry wll not long survive on the facile platitudes that prostitttte the columns of kept press and emanate vociferously from the mouths of paid mercenaries. The shafts of ridicule so mercilessly directed at the convict by the representatives of our mosaic laws, are slowly being recognized as: the weapon with which these peni tentiary agents are able to give the popular conception to the public, that this detached segment of humanity is but degenerated refuse, to be sorted as the coal from the slag. Just so long as mass bows to class will this condition exist, and in casting off the fetters of monopoly labor will free itself from danger of the ever, yawning prison doors. As we write these lines, we are within the monu mental portals, erected by and dedi cated to our ignorance. We are here, not because we are criminals, but because we have rebelled against the revolting conditions outside and capital has with the help of our ig norance erected this prison as a lash; to be used over the backs of those who mutiny. Not having a fixed income, we can only observe the wonderful battle you are waging against this of which we write and our wishes for the sue-; cess of this movement go to you. Yours respectfully, ARTHUR BUCK. I Editor Bulletin: Your esteemed contemporary, the. Anaconda Standard. is" phrenizedlyjI fighting profiteers. Camnoutli!' i Remember how it resisted federal I investigation of its master's (Ana-u-' conda company) copper profitfs when! they were ein'firmitos, and its semi-i slave uminers - demanding living I wages? Observe its hollow hyloc racy now. In its columns an advertiser an nounces the sale of $15 shoes for $6.85; $12 shoes for $5.85, etc., and also says that because of advancing prices it must now pay wholesale as much as in this .sale it asks retail. Note that the advertiser admits he sells shoes in ordinary times at over 100 per cent profit! I wrote these facts to the Standard and asked that my letter be pub lished to expose a shocking profiteerm and to further the Standard's cam paign. Did it print that letter? Not on your life! For fear of losing the dirty dollars I for advertising, it suppresses the truth and again brands itself a sham, a fraud and an enemy of the public. I have $500 to wager no honest man can he found in Butte who will testify he places any confidence in allany expression of opinion or judg ment by the Standard. Yours truly, ed il, JOHN GARNET. Meaderville, Aug. 23, 1919. I Today We Celebrate i o o Compilation of the Koran. Said Milton, "A good book is the. -precious lifeblood of a master spirit, I treasured up on purpose to a life beyond a life." The sacred books of the world are these: The Bible,. the Koran, the Rig-Veda. (the entire body of India's sacred lore), and the Law of Confucius. The Book of the Dead of the acient. Egyptians was a collec tion of prayers and hymns for the passage of the soul to Amenti, the land of the dead. On. Aug..23, 634 5 A. D., Abu Bekr died. He Was Mo nhammed's father-in-law, and the first Caliph or successor to Mohammed in the government of the faithful. In his short reign of only two years, he caused the precepts of the Prophet Mlohammed to be collected in a vol ume. called "Al Koran," which is the sacred and classical book of all Islam. It is written in the Arabic language. The word "Koran" is de rived from the Arabic "Kara." which occurs at the commencement of the 95th surall or chapter, said to be the first chapter revealed to Moham med; it has the meaning of the words "the reading." Mohammed claimed that its contents were revealed to him by the Angel Gabriel, and the revelation conimunicated in dreams, whereafter he secluded himself in a cave in Mount Hira, and worshipped there day and night. Each surah of the Koran begins with invocation, I "In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate." One of the best verses in the entire book, and con nected with Islam's Law of Almsgiv ing, is the following: "One deed of kindness to thy neighbor is worth' forty months of prayer." The prayeri for the guidance or protection of God in the first surah, is one of the most profoundly touching bits of religious supplication in the whole system of Annotated Revelation. The Koran undoubtedly borrowed a gread deal from the Hebrew Tal mud and the Bible. Mohammed was born in 571 A. I). The flight of Mo hammed (the Hegira) from Mecca to Medina to escape from his enemies is the date on which Islam bases lhe comemncement of its era, called 1 A. H. This occurred in 622 of our era, Anno Domini. Willilam Wallace, Scottish Hero. The old songs are the great songs. *"Scots, wha hae wi Wallace Bled." vwhich was Bruce's address to his army at Bannockburn, 1314, has come down the centuries. It is death- t less as the instinct for freedom in I the human breast. The' national hero f of Scotland, William Wallace. was t horn in 1270. This was at the end o of the turbulent thirteenth century, i when a dark star, Edward I. of Eng- b land, blazed warningly into history; a There was no heir to the. Scottish j throne in the direct line of ..see s sion. At this period there arose, a g hero to fight the battle Of.suffering, a freedom and natiotial independence. 0 Scotland had rebelled against Eng- 1 lish oppression. William Wallace, the young knight of Ellerslie; as his tory loves to call him, gathered around him in the wild highlands of Scotland a hand of desperately noble men, destined to do or die. The in surrection grew. Wallace was soonl at the head of alarge army. By ex t raordinary rapid marches he reached Stirling and attacked the English en camped at the Abbey Craig. On this bridge there stands today the na tional monument to the memory of Wallace. The' English commander began tI cross the bridge. Wallace waited till half of the army had crossed, and then attacked with such fury that almost all the English were slain or driven into the river. Like a Highland storm, Wallace raged as far as Berwick, with the result that the enemy were driven from Scot land,-nay, he pursued the English to the gates of Newcastle, devastat ing the country. Upon his return home he was made guardian of the kingdom, and secured order by wis dom and vigor.' Edward I. of Eng land, the "Hammerer of the Scots," was in Flanders when the disastrous 'news of his army's defeat reached him. He hastened home, and at the head of a large force, elitered Scol land in 1298. Wallace's only safety Swas in falling back before the Eng lish, and wasting the country. But Edward brought him to ,bittle at Falkirk. The Scots were defeated with heavy loss. With a remnant of his forces, Wallace found refuge in the mountains • (his den is still shown). He was capturled through the treachery of Sajealomls nible, and , carried before Edward. The king ordered him to be taken in fetters to London, where lie was exhibited for days in'a cage, erected on a tall building, subjected to the jeers of the mobs. Thereupon he was put to She torture In the Tower of London, with every cruelty of. the Norman law. He was beheaded' on Tower hill, and his bleeding head set upon ,,a spike on Londoni bridge, as was .tlhe sinister custom of the age. Iis answer to Edward I. at .Westminster savors of the sublime: "You accuse me of being a traitor to .England. I could not bea traitor, 'for I never was Syour subject, and never swore fealty _ to you." He died for Scotland and liberty at the age of 35. IIe had inspired his I countrymen with a spirit that burned triumphantly at Bannockburn, 'in 1314, where King Robert Bruce de Sfeated Edward II.,. who carried the i bones of Edward I, before his great. iarmy, and freed Scotland. H . . . . . . . -0 0 Today's Anniversary. Buckingham palace, the London residence of the British sovereign, derives its name from the line of nobles once prominent in English affairs. The first Duke of Bucking I ham, created duke by Oharles I, with whom he had been a favorite and who made him prime minister, was assassinated 291 years ago to day. He was unprincipled, 'incap able, and insolent, and his unpopu 'larity led to his murder. His son, the second duke, was a favorite of Charles. II, and was also a profli gate. John Sheffield, Duke of Huckingham, liuilt the 'old palace bearing his name. in. 1703. In 1761 it was bought -by George Ill, wvho presented it to Queen Charlotte. The house was pulled down in 1625 and the present palace erected .on its site. After an expendture of $5,000,000 it was completed and oc cupied by Queen Victoria in 1837. Many improvements have since .been made. -I o 0 i FAMOUS WOMEN I O - 0 SElizaBeth Fry. o Elizabeth Qurney was born at Warwick, Englanid, May 21, 1780. At the age of 20 she married. Both !she and her husband- were Quakers. She soon began to' minister 'to the poor and sick in thslhins of Lon don. She sectired rooms for a girls' i school near- her -home,:.and gathered 70 from the street..Wvithin a short. time. She also .stablished a soup kitchen. In iNewgate prison she found one of the worst penal insti tutions in. existence filthy and overcrowded. ,Her work in chang ing the coudition 'of this prison brought her honor without stint, and she became the. most fanfous woman in :giandmit. By the queen she was:c ionnend to, the court of England::'the p.rince ahd princess royal called at 'her:home, 'to learn of her: work:,; She.d.ed ta; ~ct. 13, 18.5 - .