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Bonds for fifty dollars worth of stock in the Butte Daily Bulletin. The fight for liberty, democracy, and all those beautiful things the statesmen have been mouthing about, has not been won "over here," and if you are interested in aiding in the fight, an investment in the FREE PRESS is the most effective assistance you can render. OPEN FORUM NOTE-People are invited to use these columns as a medium of publicity upon the questions of the day-anything that is for the good of humanity. Your copy must be legible and upon one side of the paper only; also be as brief as possible. Articles appearing under this head will not necessarily carry our editorial endorsement, and the right is reserved to accept or reject any communication which may be submitted. Your correct name and address must accompany your communication, but will not be used if you request.-Editor. To Bulletin Reanders: Frequently contrlbutions for this column are re ceived by the Bulletin, but bannot hbe published because of the fact that the writer has signed an anonymous signature, but has withheld his true namin and address. Oftentimes these 'c6lmunications bear on subjects of grave importance that are of great interest. It may be stated here that no com munications which do not bear the signatures of the contributors will be accepted for this column. The fact that we require all contributors ti sign their contributions with thein true naihes and addresses does not necessarily mean that the 'signature will be printed. An anonymous sig nature for publication of the Bulletin and as an indication of good faith we require that the writer make his or her identity known to us.-The Editor. Editor's Note.-The following let ter, according to an additional not( accompanying it, was sent by the Wvriter to the Billings Gazette, a pub lication owned by State Senator Johr Edwards of Anaconda Copper com pany fame, but was refused publica. tion. It was sent to the Bulletin with the request that it be printed Editor Billings Gazette: I came across a copy of your vert instructive paper recently containing a rather lengthy editorial entitles' "It Is Deplorable." There are muan3 things going on in the world toda: that are deplorable, but I was curl ous to know what the Gazette call deplorable, that required nearly a double column of valuable space tc explain. At the time I was thinking of thi 'thousalids of poor farmers (being one of them myself) who came t, Montana a few years ago with a little money in their, pockets and higl, ,hopes in their hearts, hoping to btild up homes for themselves be neath the western sky away out here ini Montana, and now, after loosing all of their means and four or five years of hard labor, they are tramps on the road, looking for a place: where they may earn bread and rags! for their wives and babies. In my simplicity, I thought that was about the most deplorable of anything in Montana, I supposed the Gazette was going to advise the legislaturei to do what it was called in session for-to help tide the poor farmers over. I missed my guess. To the writer of that deplorable editorial, there is nothing deplorable about such a situation. There are some hundreds of millions of very poor people in the world right now' but that does not concern the Ga zette, except that they might make trouble for those who are comfort ably situated, despite the war for political democracy and industrial despotism. But what is it that is so deplor able in the mind of the Gazette edi tor? Here it is out of his own mouth: "It is deplorable that there should be such persistent efforts to array class against class, as seems to 'be the order of the day in Montana." Truly deplorable. But if the editor were well informed, he would know that what he calls "arraying class against class" is not peculiar to 1Montana. It is going on all over the world and has been for thousands of years. This nefarious work of arraying class against class, the Gazette in forms us "is especially noticeable at all times on the part of the Non partisan league organizers, its news paper mouthpieces and its spokes-/ men." Which proves that the farm-: ers are waking up and are gaining a little sense. Bully for the Non-i partisans. For the information of the Ga zette and its readers, I would like to say that there are millions of people in the United States, not to take in the whole world, that are not down in poverty, not quite, but who are in a desperate struggle to keep out of the "down and out class." These millions are busily engaged in pro ducing the necessities of life for the hundred millions or so of the whole nation, besides producing a surplus ftr needy people in other parts of the world. They are learning very fast that in the distribution of the necessities of life, which are mostly the products of labor, there is not nearly an equitable distribution of: the products of labor. That the dis tributors are charging altogether too much for their services an dthat the; people who work all the time do not have enough and that those who work very little have a superabund ance, The Nonpartisan league news papers and mouthpieces and the soap box orators are engaged in making these facts known. Now the deplor aBle thing that is the subject of the 'Gazette's lengthy editorial is not the fact of the inequitable distribution of the products of labor, but the fact that those who are engaged in pro utlcing the necessities of life are, learning that they are being swindled and robbed. Of course, from the Gazette'; point of view, "argumeuts alotng this line are not conductive to the wel fare of the nation," and "the tlite has arrived when a halt should be called," which may be true if traders and profiteers are "the natiobl." This tmouthipiece of the trades de mands that a halt be called to the work of teaching the people that they are being systematically tand scientifically robbed and thlt they must pool their interests and power 'o oust the robbers and secure jtis tice. Isn't it deplorable? I would like to ask this mouth-, iiece of traders and profiteers who is going to call the hall. And now :lo you propose to do it? Bly amend-: ng the constitutiou I suppose, as you are law-abiding and patriotic? You know, Mr. Editor, that during the late war, the oligarchy, state eounsels of defense, sham-patriot ic nobs and profiteers, tlid their best, o suppress that part of the consti utlion relating to free speech and ,ree press and gave comnfort and en-, ,ouragement to the Hons, by per tuading themn that the farmers of thei ;reat northwest were their friends end allies. If they did not quite succeed under most favorable cir :umstances, how cran they hople to :all a halt on free speech and free press when the soldiers are getting tJack home and demanding what they 'ought for, notl oligarchl y-dermocracy,. nut DEMOCRACY. This scribe is one of the boys that went out nearly 60 years ago to help )ut down oligarchlly and mtialle tlhe 'nited States salfe for denlocracy. We won the war, but the spirit of tligarchy still lives. I hope and tray that it may not take another tloody war to exterminate oligarchy .n thlie United States, but whether peacefll or b1loody, I am in the war for D)EMOCRACY. What is really deplorable is t1.h1 it newslpaper caln piulblisht suclth rot ;ltn hull manulre and somlle of its read-t ers swallow it down and call it good and want motire of it. N. I. IAKEER. Welter. Mont., Atg. 17, 1919. ;JI)BlI.1 IIY .IOARiD). Editor Bulletin: After reading in the Bulletin ofi an old-time citizien and minor who could not get the company piapers to publish his comnplaint, 1 want to say Sai ill the sanme fix. I have worked ill the mines for 56 years and I am getting up in years. 1 bought a little piece of, property on East P'ark street, whlicli is assessed at $5,300, which assess-I tment I wanted lowered. 1 offered to sell the whole property to the county equalization board or to andy other person who will give me $4,0i11 for it. Yet 1 must pay taxes on it on a valuation of $5,30t0. I see that the big real estate comi panies can get justice in Butte andi Silver Bow county. but thie poor, hard-working miners must stand to be robbed and dare not complaint about it. I made a statement of the ahovie facts to the Anaconda Standard,t which they promised to publish, but have not done so. I hope the BIll letin will publish this. A CONSTANT READER. SMITH PROUD OF FACT THAT HE'S HARDO-BOI IED (By United Press. I Hillsboro, Orn., Aug. 30.--"They call me 'hardboiled,' and bly G--- 1 anm." Grant Dorland, who has returnedi from overseas, credits Lieutenanlt "Hard Boiled" Smith with that state ment in France. Dorland is another veteranl who has publicly gone on record with the statement that all soldiers who came in contact with Smith despised him. lie says he has heard at least 50 returned soldiers say they would like to get "just one swing at 'Hard Boiled.' " Dorland was a guard at a military prison not far from Paris. "Smith asked me, one day, for a list of Sprisoners." said Dorland. "A photo graph of a young lady fell to the ground when I brought out the list. Smith beat me to it, and tore it to pieces." Dorland forgot it was a case of officer and man. It was just a case of man with him then. He cracked Smith with his rifle butt, between the eyes. Of course, lie was court martialed, but the .officers who tried the private probably carried pictures of their own. They held that Smith had transcended his authority and freed Dorland. , The girl, whose picture was in sulted by "Hard Boiled" is now the wife of Dorland. PEONAGE SYSTEM IN THE SPRUCE CAMPS Brute Treatment Is Dis closed by Returned Sol dier Who Makes Startling Exposure of Conditions. Seattle, Aug. 30.---"A peonage system" was the comment.lI of Rep resentative James A. Frer', chairlllan of the congressional co lmmittec, which is prohing the spruce scandal, after he had listened Tuesday after noon to the testimnony of Joseph Ar thlr MalIlery, principal of the Catih lamet high school and formerly a private in the 138th spruce com pany, who gave a startling exposure of the shocking and brutal treatment of soldiers in the Siemis-Carey camtps. The corporation was also charged with "profiteering of the worst kind" by William C. Butler, an Everett banker and prominent logger. "The loggers of Washington, every mhan of themn. will never qui being thankful that they had notlhing to do with the Siems-C(arey cost-plus centralct ," said Butler. "A deal of Ihis nature could only have been made possible through the fostering care of some potent political inter ;ost1. Col. Disque coldly stalled the tloggers. He may have deserved the 'distinguished service' cross and the gold star of a 'general,' which was iadded to his collar, but the fact re 'liains that he produced no spruce." Mallery informed the committee that spruce division soldiers were compelled to work under threat of military punishment, even 'though ill and after the armistice; tihat sol dliers were denied medical ltIreatmen1 when sick; that they worrked 10 hours a, day, seven days i week, in ithe Sielis-Clarey logging camps. un tder civilian bosses; and that the food was so rotlten that onl one occasion ;I civilian boss refulsed to eat. it whenl challenged 1to do so hy the dough boys. The flies were so thick they were cooked into the food, Mallery de cliired, lnd botlh the potatoes and the btroad were sorll. It got so bad one Iiiornlillg that 150i) 11n1011 Oe from the bIreakfast tables and went to work withlout 1a m1outlhfuil, he stated, and rven sonli of thie officers olpenly 'ympathized with the men, but, de claredutht that they were helle)lss, as ('olonel I)isqle was standing behild the civilian contllractors. "IBad as the food was," contin tted the witness, "'our position after ihe armnistice was signted was even more humiliatinrg. After logging operatiolls c.iease( illand wte lhad every reason to believe that we would 'e ceive our dischalrges, we were forced :o work with pick and shovel on the Sinems-Carey railroad. If a man was sick he could not lay off unless a llmember of the nmedical corps, who was not inecessarily a doctor, admlit tld that he had a fever." l-Uallery sta.ted that the soldiers were robbed by thei Sietns-Carey conlmmissaries, whom they called 'robblisaries." Ile sliowed a check for 7 cents, which was all he re :.eived for 201 days' pick and shovel worlk altel' the commlllissary had got ten lthrough with him. The soldiers were never able to obtain an itemized statlemelnt frolll these commnlissaries, he said. The Siellis-Carey ouitTit took pos session of lth right of way of the Port Angeles & Grays Harbor Rail road company, atccordiing to the tes titiony of J. W. Lindsay, the com pany's attorntey. Wednesday mnorn ing. "After assisting thom in nego tiating their' con(ltract we turnecd over our ilutie priniits, assumingi that they were part' of iour organization," said Lindsay. "Tlhen alfter they had used our data anid our whole scheme, they rep1udiated all coinnectlion wilih us and refulsed to paiy ius t cent." STlIK[RS Bt[A UP SCABS; POLICE OBJECT (Special United Press Wire.) Peoria. Ill. Aug. 30.--The threat ened general strike here yesterday gained little headway, as the police successfully dispersed the crowds who had halted the street car traffic for over an hour. An order bad been issued for a sympathetic strike of all workmen in the city for Friday morning. At an appointed hour groulps of laborers who were station ed at several points in the downtown section, waited for the ears and dragged the crews from them. The police broke up the gatherings and traffic was resumed. POINiDEXTER D)EMANDI S Ac'TION (Special United Press Wire.) Washington, Aug. 30.--Senator Poindexter demanded on the floor of the senate, that congress take im mediate action on his resolution, calling for a conference between cap ital and labor. Bulletin Boosters should patronize Bulletin advertisers. Where Are You Going, People? When the congressional power to declare war was construed to mean the power to deprive the American citizen of his civil rights, we entered upon a revolution. ,Even the highest courts virtually held that all act of congress, declar ing war, could legally set aside the constitution which called the i on-C gress into life. Proclamations of a president, who is oathbound to Ihe constitulionll, were submissively received as high er la.w than the suplreme law ntlde for him and for all others. Personal liberties, privalte prop erty, the right to speak one('s honest opinions, the freedom to publish one's thoughts, the librtiy to hold peaceable assemblages land ito pti tion the government, were swept away. It was revolution. Not only was private properly vir tually confiscated, and private busi ness actually destroyed, by arbitrary rulings of autocrats in office,, tiil tihe prices of commodities wasu fixed, and the amount of merchandise tone could ibuy was limited. Of your own wheat, you could grind into flour only sod much; of your own home-made Ineat you couild keep only so much; oif filour aind sugar youi could purichrase tnly so much; and all of this uniiconstitu tional interference with private property was excused t ipolt the ground that the state of war existed. and Europe's starving l-Ioo'ieris mllst Ie, fed. i It was revolution.. There was a threat to fix hli price )f cotton, and the market lost 17 cents a pound, ruining thousands of hardworking farmers; but when the breaking out of the war, in 1914. drove the price down to 6 cents a' pound, it was the gambler thlat the government took care of. while the producers lost $400,000,000. Will the government fix prices on Ihe meat packers and relieve the hlungry millions in America? Will the government lay its hand on the shoe trust, and plu a limit tol its extortions? Huge accumulations of army sup plies are being disposed of in Eu rope: were they not worth bringing honme? UInder the magic influence of pro paganda, we suddenly discovered that it was oid "duty" to feed andt clothe the Belgians, the Servians. the Armenians, and other p]eoples scourged by the war. It was our "duty" to beconle tilhe trained nurse of sick lurllope, and to supply it with the necessaries of life during its sickness and colnvales cence. So pressing were our duties to hungry Europe, that we neverl asked why England made no use of lthe( 3,000,000 Ibusihels of wheat she had bought and paid for in Australia. That wheat was stackedl up on the depot p1latforms, ready for loading; andil in the refrigerators of New Zea-i land there were 3,t000000 carcasses of sheep and bullocks, awaiting transportation to the imperial gov ernment of Great Britailn, which had bought and paid for the mneat.. Why wasn't the neat and the wheatt used? Was it because of a secret deal made with the American flour trust and the ('hicago meat packers? Was it a hargain, that the Ameri can ti'usts were to have ilo comlpe titio n? In Australia, there was no "war bread." and no short ration of flour: in New Zealand, nieat was plentiful and cheapl-- as it was in Australia, also. "Were our lprofiteers promised a monopoly, and are they never to be made to respect the law, on the dic tates of cool111 hum1lliaity? On July 1 of this year, the profi teers were hoarding 160,000,000 poulnds of frozen beef, and mnore than 90f,000,00(10 pounds of pork. The refrigerators are hoarding more th;n 20,000,000 eggs, andl nearly .0.O00,t000 plounds of frozen fowls. Hlon. l('lrence MlcGregor, membher of congrIss has maide an investiga tion of this tremendously inlportant food situation and he says: "Yesterday 1 procured a report of the retail prices of food. At the present time in the line of groceries what would cost you in Decenber, 1914, $1.75 in July, 1919, costs you $3.14. Ini beef products what would cost youi in December, 1914, $1.52 .would now cost you $2.94. In pork products in 1914 what would cost you $2.42 in July, 1919, would cost you $5.92. In dairy products what would oeast in )ecember, 1914, $1.11, will now co('st you $1.91, and ill vege tables what would cost you in D)e cember, 1914, 47 cents now costs $1.70. "Now wlhat has the war depart nment got on hand?" he asked. "1 do not think that proposition has been very clearly brought to your minds. In corned beef they have $24.000,000 worth, in bacon $23, 600.00) worth, in hashed corned beef $11.,00,0.00 worth, and ill roast I ehoof $20,li).0000 worth, in poultry $20,000.000 worth, and in vegetables approximately $23.000.000 worth. ''Thien stltement of mneats, in llpoulnds, is as follows: "'lacon. 47,0i10,000 pounds; roast beef. 3S,000,000 pounds: corned beef, 36.,01)0.000 pounds; corned beef hash. 20.000,ttl0 pounds; total. 136. 1100,000 )poundt s. "The qtulantity of canned goods is about '20o,o0,000 cans, but the surl plus in foodlstluffs is constantly in-i creasing. "We lave not. so far as I know, been furnished with any statement is to Ilthe atual quantities on hand. "I have made a. comparison be tween the estimated quantity of can nod goods declared surplus and the entire canlning product of the coun try in 191S as to several items: Fw slhrdluetaoishrdlu cmfwyp nib "Corn. 1918 pack, 231,324,440 caus sutrltlus war department, 31.-1 814,6;44. 'Peas, 1918 pack, 381,557.328. Surtplus war department. 84,016.334. 'On Nov. 30, 1918, 19 days after tie armistice, Gen.. March issued a, general order deilattihg a' surplus of food supplies, and it was inot until May 5,. 1919, that actual sales oc-j curred. according to the statement made by the war department." This being the state of affairs, your mind naturally turns to the question, "How is the poor man to; support his family?"' It was always against English law; to buy up food for speculation, or to speculate on itain t1eJ market, or toI corner it for a monopolistic price. ] "Forestalling, regrating, and en grossing" were the old words of the common law of England, penalizing what our food gamblers are now do ing. Cannot the government deal with these criminals? If the government could say how much meat, flour, and sugar you could keep in your larder, why can it not say how much food the specu lators shall hoard in their ware houses? You were put on short rations. be cause of the needs of the army and of hungry Europe; but the soldiers have come home, bringing their ap petites with them; and the hungry millions of America are suffering from the monopolistic prices of the necessaries. Is there no relief? Suppose we had a good system of government railroads and stnamboatii lilies! Sutppose the government had kept those ships it built during the war, instead of selling them for $80t, 0100,100). With a governmental club of this sort, the American monopolists colld always le controlled, provided the government did not deny itself the privilege of importing food front Souith America, Canada, Australia. and New Zealand. ButiI if the railroads and the ships arle all retulrned to private owner ship, and the tariff wall is main .tained against foreign commodities. the government will be impotent and the people starved like rats in a cage. If shoes can be held for $30 a pair--as the trust threatens---why can't they be held for $G0? If a pound of ham can he held for 75 cents, what's to hinder its going to a dollar? If the monopolist hoards the food, tie clothing, and the shoes, you will certainly have to paiy his price, or go barefooted, hungry, ill clothed. 'IThe railroads will be combined un der one management and that will obey the monopolists. In fact, the monopolists will owr the railroads, and they will thereby absolutely rule the markets, both fom the raw material and the finished product. The cattle, the poultry, the butter and the eggs, the sheep and the hogs the vegetables and the potatoes, thli corn and the wheat, the canned good. of all kinds, will depend upon the railroad, and the monopolistl will dictate prices at both ends. Where are you going, people? I know that the blundering man ner in which McAdoo handled thu railroads created universal dissatis. $5,000 NEEDED, AND NEEDED BADLY to carry on the defense of the Bulletin staff in the courts. Two members of the staff have been fined a total of $9,500, on charges of sedition, charges which were the direct result of the effort of the corrupt political machine in Montana to put a free press out of business. The cases have been appealed to the State Supreme Court. It requires money to fight these cases through the various courts; it takes money for traveling expenses, etc., for transcripts of evidence and ste nographers' hire. None of the money goes to pay lawyers' fees, the lawyers engaged in the cases not only having donat ed their services, but actually paying their own expenses. The fines imposed and the expenses of fighting the cases through the courts, are the result of the Bulletin Staff keep ing the Bulletin alive, despite the order issued by the copper interests-and if you believe the Bulletin has been of ser vice to the cause of labor and the honest element generally, you should help defray the expenses incident to the fight for a FREE PRESS by contributing according to your means. The need for funds is imperative and you should not delay sending in your contributions. Names of donors to the Free Press Defense Fund will not be pub lished unless by special request, for obvious reasons, but receipts will be given or forwarded by mail. FREE PRESS DEFENSE FUND 101 S. IDAHO BUTTE, MONT. faction with governmental owner ship. I know that the autocratic way in which Burleson mismanaged the telegraph and telephone lines dis gusted everybody with governmental control. But if the private owners of rail roads can find competent managers, the government can: the misman agement of the men whom Wilson chose, is no argument against the principle. JAP OFFICIAL STARTS FIIHT ON CAR CROWDING Tokyo, (By Mail).--As an evi dence of the advance of democracy in Jalipan, plans are unuer consider ation of Home Minister Tokomanmi, -president of the imperial government railway board, to end the overcrowd ing of third-class cars while first class cars are pulled along almost iempty. This official advocates elimination of the first class altogether. The railways are able to run, he says, be cause of tie revenue from the third class cars, and it is proposed that those who provide the hbulk of the fundts shall have sonie of the com forts. New coaches arte, therefore, under construction with comfortable seats instead of the present bench like accommlodations. NEW SOUTH WALES PUTS UP BARS TO IMMIIRANTS Sydney, (By Mail).-The state of New South Wales has informed the commonwealth government of Aus tralia that it will not permit any im migration for one year, in order to more successfully cope w ith the prob lem of repatriating its soldiers and eailors. This ban against immigra lion includes the British Isles, de -pite the fact that all other states of he commonwealth have opened their doors to emigrants from England. INVENTS NEW CRUTCH Sydney, (By Mail).--A new crutch for the use of those injured in the wvar, designed to prevent crutch paralysis, has been invented by two sydney mechanicians. The new de rice, it is expected, will be adopted by the military authorities. PHOTOGRAPHS Your photo makes an Ideal gift. It is one thing your ' friends cannot buy. We have many styles to offer. Have your sit tings now. Thomsons' Park Studio John Lmnme, Mgr. 217 East Park Street. SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN ASK FOR DAHL'S BREAD FOR SALE AT ALL GROCERS AND AT DAHL'S BAKERY 107 N. MONTANA ST. Phone 4147-W SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN 4.-. - ..... THIEiIE ARE A FJW EXCEP-j I TIONAL BARGAINAS Sin the new line. Even if you don't need a new suit right now, a small deposit will reserve one ofi those for you. Come quick. E. ZAHL, TAILOR, 504 W. Park .AY YOUIJ SAW IT IN BULLETIN WESTERN CASH MEAT AND GROCERY P. Reusch, Prop. Phone 5127-R We handle but the best. Can sell for the least. 2410 HARVARD AVE. SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN Q --o Debs' Daily Message "In ancient Greece a father had a right to raise his child or kill it, as best suited himself. He was the ab solute proprietor of his offspring. The father may no longer kill his own child as in ancient days. So ciety has relieved him of this respon sibility, and it is now society, in stead of the parent, that kills the child, the difference being that star vation is employed instead of a knife or bludgeon."