Newspaper Page Text
EW PRIES ORDEREO
FOR LOW-GRAOE WHEAT
Champions of Grading Ac
cording to Milling Value
St. Paul.-Orders by Julius
Barnes, head of the government
grain corporation, raising the rela
live prices on low-grade wheat, ap
pears as a great victory for those
who have been demanding grading
according to milling value.
From the prices set it would ap- 1,
pear that from $25,000,000 to $40,- i r,
000,000 had been added to wheat ""
farmer income, although much de- tt
pends on how the orders are carried fr
out. The grain corporation is man- e1
ned by persons having every reason s,
to side with the grain trade rather ,
than the farmers, and farmers w
should watch things carefully until tl
their wheat is marketed. lp
The New Ruling. sl
Agents have been instructed by ol
Director Barnes to pay 3 cents less cc
for No. 2 than for No. 1; 6 cents tl
less for No. 3 than for No. 1; 10 ni
cents less for No. 4 than for No. 1: ci
and 14 cents less for No. 5 than for s(
No. 1. 11
Where wheat falls down in test b
weight special rulings are made. w
Wheat in No. 5 grade or better is to 11
lie docked 3 cents for each pound 1
below the required test weight. The
limit for this price reduction is set a
at 29 cents below No. 1 for 45-pound .
wheat which grades No. 5 or better. j
Smutty wheat is to be reduced 2 I
cents a bushel for a slightly smutty c
condition and larger discounts will n
be made according to the degree of g
Mixed wheat will be discounted at 11
from 2 to 5 cents a bushel. Wheat c
mixed with rye is to be discounted i
not less than 5 cents a bushel, and ;
the rye is to be paid for at the rate s
of 60 cents a bushel. t
A Victory for Organization. c
These orders were issued follow-i
ing a conference in which Doctor E.
F. Ladd of the North Dakota Agl'i- d
cultural college and the three Non- s
partisan league congressmen fronl c
that state were prominent. In 1916, r
when the wheat crop resembled the:t
present one in many respects, Doc- I
tor Ladd startled the northwest by t
showing that on milling value tests,
a spread of only 8 cents was war
ranted between No. 1 and No. 5, in- i
stead of 17 or more cents which the
elevators set, and that the special
grade of "Feed D," which the mill
ing combine set on light-weight
wheat contrary to law, was in reality
not usel for feed at all but made
very good flour. I
These revelations did much to pro
mote active farmer organization in
the northwest, and the fear of the
growing independence of the orgar.n
ized farmers has now led to impor
tant concessions in the direction of,
paying for wheat according to its
value for the purpose for which it is
raised and bought.
Spread Still Too Great.
The new relative prices announced
by the grain corporation director are
still unfair to wheat which grades
low under the federal grades. Other
dockage than rye is of great value to
the elevators and mills and should
be paid for in other states as it is
now paid for in North Dakota under I
state law. But the maximum spread
of 29 cents allowed on No. 5 45
pound wheat compares well with
differences amounting to 75 to 80
cents a bushel which the grain buy
ers have been offering. In general,
the new orders should mean an in
crease of from a few cents to over
40 cents on the bulk of the crop to
be marketed from the\northwest.
and practically all of it should move
at $2 or better at the terminal mar
PAPER PLANT DESTROYED)
(Special United Press Wire.)
Astoria, Ore., Sept 2.-Fire early
yesterday morning destroyed the
Astoria Pulp and Paper Co. plant.
The loss is estimated at $150,000.
Union Stock Holders in theI
BUTTE DAILY BULLE TII
UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA-Locals: Sand Coulee,.
Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith I
FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston, Great Falls.
MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle.
CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls.
BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte, Miles City, Seattle.
ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda,
BAKERS UNION-Great Falls.
SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls.
PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls.
RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City.
BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte.
HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte, Bozeman, Helena, Seattle.
STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte, Portland. i
METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA.
PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte. .
STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte.
BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte.
BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HELPERS-Butte, and
STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls.
BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls.
INTERNATIONAL MOLDERS' UNION, LOCAL NO. 276--Butte.
LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
PLUMBERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCTL--Miles City.
BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, COPPER
SLODGE NO. 430-Butte.
BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS UNION-Butte.
PAINTERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle.
CARPENTERS' UNION NO. 1335-Seattle.
TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland.
BOILERMAKERS, SHIPBUILDERS AND HELPERS OF. AMERICA
-Tocamo, Seattle, Livingston.
INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP
ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle. -
WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUNCIL-Painters' Hall,
BUILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL:
IRON WORKERS AND PILEDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86-Seattle.
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINIST HELPERS--Butte,
AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA.
SPRUCE OFFICER SAYS
SOLDIERS WERE "PEONS"
Captain Testifying Before Investigating Committee, De
scribes How Enlisted Men Were Farmed Out to Pri
vate Lumber Companies Engaged in Getting Out
Trade Lumber and Not Airplane Spruce.
That spruce division soldiers were I fl
treated as "serfs." that he. an offi-! s
ccr of the line, was forced to act as
"herder of serfs." that huntlreds of el
these soldiers were "sold into slavery p
for purely private profit" to emPlnloy
ers who were not even engaged in
spruce production, and that Brig.
Gien. Brice P. Disque. whom he de-i
nounced as "a Iraitor, together with
the collection of individuals and cor
porations who shared his guilt. t
should be 1prosecuted for violation
of the peonage act in a mnanner that
constituted the blackest scandal of
the war," were the amazing state- a
Inents made to the congressional
committee that is plrobing the spruce
scandal shortly before the Seattle
hearing closed Wednesday afternoon
by Capt. C. A. Turner of Everett,
who served more than a year withlt
the spruce division, says the Seattlef
The officer stated that although
a captain of infantry and a veteran
of the Spanish-American war, he was
assigned against, his wish to the
spruce division. He was placed in
charge of 1 20 soldiers, all of whom
were picked melt with previous log
ging experience., but instead of being
sent to the spruce section, he and c
his men were ordered to the logging
canmp of the Cherry Valley TIimberm
i company of Stillwater, near Reattle .i
which produced no spruce. but a
smtall aimount of shipbuilding ma
terial, and mostly lumber for purely
Short of ('lothing.
In the middle of winter the spruce
division soldiers were extremely
short of overcoats, shoes and warnl
clothing, said the witness, and pnen
monia began to get them as soon as
they were taken into the woods. In
December, 1917, his men were forced
to work on wet ground with the soles
of their shoes worn right through
and no others available. Soldiers
in the camps were abused hby civilian
bosses, he declared, and had no re
"At Stillwater," continued Captain
Turner, "I felt like a peon, and so
did my men, when we were supposed
to be connected with the airplane
section of the army, and yet for a
whole year were working' for the pri
vate profit of a concern that. did not
itproduce a foot of spruce. We were
virtually in slavery. Now that I am
out of the service I am going to do
everything in itmy power to preclude
the possibility of such a disgraceful
condition ever recurring in the Unit
ed States army."
lDrugged Public Mind.
Representative James A. Frear,
chairmnall of the committee, road into
the testimony a letter front Captain
Turner to Senator Miles Poindexter.
written ill June, 1918, in which Gen
eral l)isque was denounced as a
S"traitor" who had "d'rugged" the
Sipublic by "lying propaganda."
"I am going to insist on the prose
cution of General l)isque, Col. C. P.
0 Stearns and the collection of indi
Ividuals and corporations who are
uwith tht.n guilty of the hlacklest
scandal of the war-the misuse of
nearly 30,000 men of the army, with
2,000 officers---for violation of the
peonage act. and put an end to this
flagrant misuse of troops in ianly way
in the futulre," wrote Turner. '"The
public has been drugged by lying
propaganda advertising tile work
of General lisque and the splruce
lproduction divisiont, every hit of it
false as to the amoulnt of sprluce pro
duced anti the manner in which it
e was done.
S"Under the cover of this propa
gandat, Generatl Disqute's pnrofiteering
SI frieinds 1have eXplOited tholsantls of
- soldiers, drafted olr (enlisted to serve
s against, t.he enemy. t:iion labor
Shliould know of General I)isque's $2
Sp(' dlay wage scale.
'Thiree ollli'ers Killed.
"Three of miy ien were killed in
one logging camni), one1 crippled for
life and eight or teni iniuredl. this in
a total of 130 men; and(1 we did nIot
pro(duce one foot of air'plane spruce
ill 12 lonths' work. WVhn an offi
rer needlessly loses his meIln in bat
11o he- is conrtmaiirtialedh for it. Shall
we do less with th1e Irmailtor who sends
ii en to their dleatlh uinder the plea
(it produ(cing airplane spruleO, in ai
cclll) which lie knows contains ino
jls'(re. I ' (happen to Ihave seen thll l
otlter advising I)isque of 110o absence
(of airplane stock at, the particular
cI(mp mentioned, Iand to have recom
imended removal of troops therefrIlom,
\\ illiam G. MclAdoo. while secro
lary Vof the treasury all11nd di'rector g(ll
eral of railroads, at the rirequestl of
l k Pliny Fisk, a New York banker, from
i(whom he had previously borrowed(l
I large sillus of monlly, exerted his in
I flu(nce to put over the Sienis-Carrey
c contracts. in which l'isk was inlotr
Sested(, according to the testimony (of
11. . Carrigain, foriimer countily coim
m issioner, who stated that hoe hadI
, gained his information froinm le
t_ gramsn and cori0flrespondence that
i passed between Fisk 1and1 Port An
gi oles men with wllom ho was asso
TO LEGALIZE CHILDREN
(By United Press.) i
Berlin--(By Mail.)---V-W o m e e
inmembers of the national assembly
have recently striven to have includ
ed in the new constitut ion a clause j
whereby illegitimate children would e
have a stronger standing in the coIi
nmuiity thanll at present. The women
were anxious to see such children c
take the name of their fathers, but
this proposal did not cariry.
Frau Zielz mlade a speech wherein c
she declared that the double stand- t
aid of morality is ulnfair to wona.nll
kind and to children born out of wed
lock. Illegitimacy is quite prevalent
in many parts of Gerlmany, and the
woinln nmemnbers of tle assembly
were inclined to believe that it could
be decreased if the father were
forced to give his name to the child.
Women nmembers of the assembly
have shown a strong interest in Imor
al welfare questions, andi ill educa
They are especially anxious to
have German educnational standards
raised, and they are interested, too,
in mllatters of econoimic welfare.
In connection with the question of
illegitimnacy, stoice of the womuen
raised the point that the economic
situation of G(e'nally was respon
sible for the fact Ihere were fewer
marriages than there should be. Frau
Zintz particularly excoriated the cap
1 italist claisses for paying small
wages, thereby hindering many. from
marrying who would otherwise enter
WVoimen's part icipationl in German
politics appear to be working out
well, as they tend to give a higher
tone to many questions than might
Sotherwise he tlhe case.
Several of the women members
- have developed the art of oratory
rather well, though for the most part
they do not get the same publicity
Ihat male members of the assembly
* o ---- ------ --i ------ -
THE RAND SCHOOL
T'hei Ilaud School of Social Science
Shas for the past six years sought to
iextend its influence beyond the walls
of its building. Many people living
1in outlying collnmuniities are not able
to attend legtures anid discussions of
vital topics as frequently as are those
who live in the large towns, and es
i iecially in such industrial centers as
New York ald ('It icago. To reacn
ijust. this group of the workers, the
SRand School of Social Science has
iprl'pared six ciorrespondence courses.
These courses over the field of
!socialism, social history and econoni
ic s. They have been prepared by
I t men and women who have given
i years of thought to the question and
i who have had considerable experi
Sence in teaching and writing. A
Sromplete list of coulrses is as follows:
1. Elements of Socialism, by
Anna A. Maley.
2. Social History, by Algernon
3. Socialist Economics, by Alger
1 1non Lee.
4. The Labor Movement, by Mor
ris Hillquist and others.
5. The Human Element in Eco
I iinics, by Scott Nearing.
S6. The Fundamentals of Social
is, by I)avid P. Berenberg.
Tihe fees for these courses are
° more than moderate. In fact the
Iprices aire based mnerely on the cost
of printing, postage and the labor of
circulating the lessons. A special
feature of thle correspondence school
work is the formation of study
classes wherever possible. These
study classes may work with or
without a leader. For groups of this
sort a Splecial rate amounting to 50
Sper cent or 60 per cent of the original
cost of the lessons is made. Text
books are supplied with every course
except in the study groups. For these
groups a slight extra charge is made
for the textbooks. Newer courses
also have anl examination system
which permits the student to check
up on the knowledge gained from
For further information apply to
David P. Berenberg, 7 East 15th
street, New York City.
WIOOW N,, CHILD[EN
SAV I FOM STIARVYATION
Neighbors Succor Janitress h
Earning $10 Monthly r
and Free Rent. wl
From N. Y. CALL. 1
"The United States is on an
extravagant drunk. Oni rteasoln
for the high cost of living is; the
growing extraltagance on the
part of everybody."-- ,. Ogden w
Mrs. Dorman and her 1liree clhil- b
dren of 112 East 14th strlet have
just been saved from starvationl . i
Mrs. Dorman is a widow. Slh cc
works as janitress at her present ad- of
dress, receiving in return $10 pl t hi
1 month and free rent. Out of he .t
t salary she must provide food ant. of
I clothing for herself and her children rl
S"'They cannot go to school." say: i
Ithe mother, "because they hai\ nl ri
- clothes to put on---not even ta shi't.' i
- Mrs. Dorman's husband dliid thre,
I imonths ago. H-le was a brass polishenti
in a Canal street factory. Almons
Iwo years ago he becatnme ill and wa' Vi
laken to the Harlem hospital. I'nt ti
she got the job as janitre;ss Mrs 1
Ic Dorman was forced to takl in wash
ing and ironing.
r Neighbors yesterday said that
few days ago they had found the chil
dren exhausted from lucnl of' food
The mother herself hadn't alt any
thing for a. whole day.
Help was obtainet from tlh
parishioners of a neatby church,
- People's Press Astisoialion ollled It
Meet ('alnpaign Iof Silence.
By Special Correspondent.)
Fargo. N. I)., Sept. 2.--Threat of
the controlled papers of North Da
kola to r'efluse to mlention any prog
ress made by the state in its nev
industrial legislation, has given "
great impetus to farmer-owned pa
Npers here and Ihas led to the forma
lion of an independent newspape
association, which includes all pa
tiers not dominated by the anti-farm
n er and anti-labor intterests.
lv The People's Press association, ai
d. the new organization is called, ha!
se just held its first convention in thi
Id city, following closely tile rival con
n- vention of the controlled press a
sn Alandan. Plans were made for tht
en coming year, Iprominent ill whicth wa:
ut the formation of a publishers' na
tional service bureau to keetp the to
in cal papers supplied with news fron
d- the state and nation.
n- People's Press Flohuishing.
With an independent local palter it
It every county of the state, with mor(
lie being added constantly to the state
ily and with two farmer-owned dailies
the people are in splendid position t(
t' offset the prolpaganda of the opposi
The new press owned by the sub
scribers strikes at the controllec
papers in a vital way, because i:
to renders these papers tno longer neces
rds sary. Nearly 100 ihave had to sus
o Dpend during the farmer struggle o;
the last fourt years, and in the last
of two months at least a dozen have dis.
ten appeared. More will go as the nev
nic public advertising law limiting of
on- ficial paipers to one for each count.t
vei takes effect, becaluse manlly have st
att few subscribers that the public print
- ing graft was their chief source o
om lUrges Iloipe Tirade.
ter Prominenti anmong those who ad
dressed the association was Fred P
lat Mann of IDevils Lake, president of the
out Retail lIerchants' and the Comtmun
her ity Life association of the state. Mr
ght Mann explainedil the plan of cotnimin
ity co-operation between the town
ot's and rural elements in building up a
ory homle trade anti pIutting an11 end tc
tart the enormoiilts mail order businless
ity which, lhe declared, was draining the
Mr. Mann urged the right kind ol
advertising among the weekly papert
as the imlportant element in this pro
grain anld ai;sutred the delegates thal
- the adve\rtising would be divided be
ice tween ilfarmer atnd oppositiotn papert'
to and thact there would be no discrim
alls ination. ''The wholesalers and re
ing tailers can meet all mail order prices
.ble under lth' new pi1an of co-operation
of iand ad\vertiseitelt, said Mr. Mann.
Raitid Mlany Places.
as )turing the monlth of Atugust Spe
ac cial OffTicers lelia and Duggian of
the the county attornltey's dry squad raid
Ias edl 23 illrces susplected of harboring
es illicit iwhisky or of containing stills.
of It the raids ttonded wlhisky was
Sfoundl ill 16 Ilhlaces and ''loonshine"
by in 12. Thlree stills were captured.
vel'ive huilltlred gachllos oft "nloonshine"
Ind ini all werle seized,
eri- - ---_ --__ -
lAILBOAD TIME TABLE
TIl.. N SCHEDULES.
Trains arrive and depart from
Butte as follows:
Oregon Short Line.
Arrive. 5:05 a. m. and 5:25 p. m
Leave, 7:15 a. m. and 5:35 p. in
East bound trains depart: Local
7:00 a. in.; stub. 10:45 a. m.; No. 2.
8:50 p. iim.; No. 42, 10:00 p. m.
West bound trains depart: No
41, 6:30 a. in.; stub, 7:35 a. m.; No.
1, 9:0)5 p. m.; Missoula stub, 5:55
Local from east arrives 9:15 a. m.
and 8:05 p. ,m. Stub from west ar
rives 1:00 p. im. and 8:10 p. m. All
other trains arrive 10 minutes prior
Leaves 8:00 a. m. and 2:45 p. m.
Arrives 2:45 p. in. and 9:30 p. m.
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul.
East bound leaves 10:45 a. m. and
10:25 p. m.
West bound leaves 11:55 a. m. and
10:10 p. m.
All trains arrive 10 minutes prior
Butte, Anaconda and Pacific.
Leaves 9:30 a. m., 1:00 p. m., 5:00
p. m. and 10:15 p. m.
Arrives 8:40 a. m., 12:20 p. in.,
4:30 p. m. and 7:45 p. m.
Today We Celebrate
Tile word "Philippics," carrying
within it the meaning of magnificent A
invective, an engine of denunciation,
comes down to us from Demosthenes,
the celebrated Greek orator, 350 B.
C., and his orations against the en
roachments of Philip of Macedon,
who planned to subjugate Greece.
We celebrate today, Sept. 2. the first
of Cicero's famous speeches against
Markl Anthony, in the Roman senate.
44 1B. C. These were called Cicero's
Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman
writer and politician, one of the
greatest orators of the world, was
born in 106 13. C. His early tuition
utnder poets, dialecticians and famous
teachers of rhetoric and philosophy
fitted him for his blazing career. His
combative life began when be was
only 25 years of age, when he made
his defense of a Roman accisedt of
rparricide. Two years' travel in the
east brought him into contact with
the masters of philosophy, rheloric
ind style in the Orient. Upon his
'etulrn to Ronle he plunged at once
into forensic and political life. The
greatest orator and man of letters
,)rodined by ancient Rome, and one
of her leading statesmen in the last
vears of the republic, the name o'T
,icceo is the synonym for passionate
lebate, for unequalled and polished
irgument, for the art of "style" at
Is highest. In 63 B. C. lie was thle
foremost man in Rome, but the al
lance of Po'mpey and Caesar in the
:irst triumvirate deposed him from
he position. It was in 63 B. C.
hat he perforuned his greatest serv
ce to the state by putting down the
oonspiracy of Cataline. "(icero
\gainst Cataline"--thus are the
;reat orations called. They are un
ipproachable in brilliance, thunder'
>us denunciation, and incisive logic.
\fter Caesar's murder, Cicero step
led forth as the leader of the con- I
titutional party, and vigorously st
acked Mark Anthony, in his "Pl'hil
ppDics." For this, when Anthony,
vith Octavius and Lepidus, lhad
:ormed the second triumviruto,
:icero was proscribed. He endeav
ined to escape, but was overtaken by
\nthony's soldiers neur Formiae, his
-ountry place. lie was executed int
13 13. C.
1Massacres in the I'lsonls of Paris.
Fa rightful evils demand frighltful
'emedies. On Sept. 2, 1792, the dlay
ve celebrate, the prisons of Paris,
a illed with nobles, ecclesiastics and
ipulent citizens, suspected of favor
ng the court and aristocratical party,
were thrust open, and the inmates
tmassacred to the number of 12,000
Sluring this and the following (lay.
.. ... -... ... .. . .. . -
E.EE........EEE.E.EE....EEIIIIII ll l il l l l l .
to carry on the defense of the Bulletin staff in the courts. Two
members of the staff have been fined a total of $9,500, on
charges of sedition, charges which were the direct result of
the effort of the corrupt political machine in Montana to put
a free press out of business. The cases have been appealed
to the State Supreme Court. It requires money to fight
these cases through the various courts; it takes money for
traveling expenses, etc., for transcripts of evidence and ste
nographers' hire. None of the money goes to pay lawyers'
fees, the lawyers engaged in the cases not only having donat
ed their services, but actually paying their own expenses.
The fines imposed and the expenses of fighting the cases
through the courts, are the result of the Bulletin Staff keep
ing the Bulletin alive, despite the order issued by the copper
interests-and if you believe the Bulletin has been of ser
vice to the cause of labor and the honest element generally,
you should help defray the expenses incident to the fight for
a FREE PRESS by contributing according to your means.
The need for funds is imperative and you should not delay
sending in your contributions.
Names of donors to the Free Press Defense Fund will not be pub
lisled unless by special request, for obvious reasons, but receipts
will be given or forwarded by mail.
mm.uIInuuulmmmmnu.mumimmiR mmuuu..ummm mmummUm Innmunuum
101 8. IDAHO BUTTE, MONT.
REMOVE THE BRIBE-TAKER
Cut this out, fill in with name and address and mail to
Attorney General Palmer.
TO ATTORNEY GEXERAL PALMER,
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Dear Sir: Montana is now and has been since the beginning of
the world war in the grasp of a group of profiteering wholesale and
retail dealers in foodstuffs and other necessities, including coal. Prices
have been arbitrarily advanced by the dealers to the stage where the
incomes of the working people are inadequate to permit of the pur
chase of sufficient necessities to keep lbody and soul together, and
promises of further increases are made. Our state officials, who have
given evidence Ihat they are in league with the food and coal pirates,
have failed to give us relief, and we now look to your office to come
to our assistance.
As your United States district attorney for Montana you have E. C.
Day, at self-confessed bribe-taker and a notorious friend of the Inter
ests which are now guilty of profiteering. Mr. Day has not only sig.
Snally failed to take action against the profiteers, but seems to be ex
tending them every l)rotection in his power.
f As the result of the continued Increases in price and the inactivity
of o ur state officials as well as Mr. Day, we demand that you, in the
interests of the people of the state of Montana, and to the end that
c thie present reign of the l)underbund in this state he ended, immediate
ly discharge E . lk. y fromt the office of United States attorney fo"
c the district of Montana and replace himl with some one of integrity .who
e will follow your orders and the wishes of the people and prosecute thel
s food ihoIrders iand the profiteers.
t (Signed) Nam e .....................................................................................
e Street No ...........................................................
(t City--...........t..........................., Montana.
Neither sex, rank, age 110or beauty
was respected by the Jacobins, who v
urged the expediency of destroying t
The Jacobins were a club of radi- c
cal delnocrats lduring the French rev
olution. Their adversaries caLlledl
them Jacobins from their meeting
place, an old Jacobin convent in the
Rue St. Honore. Under the leader
ship of Robespierre they were a ter
rific force in the reign of terror. The
name has dropped over the threshold
of history, and today applies to any
violent agitator seeking to overthrow
monstronis evils in cllurch or state.
"In 1789," says Charles Dickens.
"the great people with its rush and
iroar bole down upon the great dis
tress." The great distress, piling up
for hundreds of agonized years, was
cowed, famished, naked, subjugated
France--the people. The guilty were
the state, the court, the church. And
1 the French rev lution was usheredl
in by the storming of, anid the taking
of the Bastille, the state prison of
Ihe secret, cells of tdrture, of the
centuries of the innocent one's mis
ery, the abiding place of nameless
5 horrors. But, the people had at last
arisen in their famished might, and
the world itself trembled.
Vengeance and retribution require
a long time. It takes a long time
to store the earthquake, and to make
the lightning. But the storm comes
- For three years the terror raged
I in France. The guillotine set up,
aristocrats' heads fell. In 1793 came
the massacring of the prisoners in
-the prisons of La Force.
The French revolution had to be,
said Thomas Carlyle. It was the
outcome of the long processes of evil.
Let nations learn! History has a
woeful way of repeating itself.
1 ELAY HUUNTING A DAY.
Although the duck hunting season,
p according to the state law, opens at
5 Sunrise Sept. 15, duck hunters are
I warned to hold their fire for 24
e hours and not start gunning until the
I morning of Sept. 16, according to a
:1 statement of State Game Warden J.
g L. DeHart, who says there is a con
f flict of one day in the date between
e the state law and the federal law.
The open season on grouse and
5 prairie chicken also opens on that
it. tate. Twenty birds are allowed to
ii each hunter daily. The big game
season opens Oct. 1 and closes Dec. 1.