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Our Washington Letter
Washington, Sept. 17. - Inside financiers of the steel trust expect to make a lot of money out of the general strike that has been called for Sept. 22. Judge Gary and his friends know their present arrogant attitude cannot be maintained-the time is past when even the United States Steel corporation can refuse to meet and bargain with its organ ized employes. But there is a chance for the in siders to make additional millions before the trust bows to the work ers' demands. A big lot of steel stock is owned on a narrow margin by foolish speculators. When the strike comes the stock will decline in price. The little speculators will have to let go their stock. Still others will become frightened and sell. If the strike lasts 10 days United States Steel. is expected to fall off about $25 a share. And what the little financiers are forced to sell the big fellows will buy up at an expected profit of that much a share. Gary's plan is said to be to allow the strike to run about two weeks and then offer to meet the commit tees of labor leaders on condition that the men first return to work. While his refusal to meet the lead ers is the thing from which the strike order has sprung, he might, after the strikers had gone back to work, still "confer" with the leaders again and again without finally right ing any of the wrongs of which the men complain: And he does not mean to pledge himself in advance to anything but a conference when he finally attempts to end the walk out. If the influential insiders have by that time cleaned up the extra fortunes they anticipate they will be feeling mellow and satisfied enough even to' grant the "revolutionary" right of collective bargaining-some thing that is already enjoyed by free American workmen outsi.de the steel principality. So much for the plan of the steel lords. What about the workers? Leaders of the steel unions are fully aware of the financiers' game, but they are not going to get scared and sacrifice the men in the mills to pro longed tyranny just in order to save money for a set of petty speculators who are trying to get something for nothing and live the rest of their lives in idleness. In addition to their own desperate troubles the steel workers cannot make themselves re sponsible for the Wall street lambs who may be sheared in the coming shake-up. So, unless the steel lords back down in the meantime, Sept. 22 will see the start of a strike for freedom in the iron trade which is likely to go far beyond the sham battle de signed by a board of corporate di rectors. Leaders of the 24 unions immediately concerned are 'thorough ly acquainted with the mood of the rank and file. They have not exag gerated when they warned the politi cians and the "public" that the men who sweat and risk their lives in the steel industry are the real agitators for this strike, and are determined to get relief. If Judge Gary and his associates have a lingering belief that they can beat the men in their own mills, they should be advised to consult the Great Lakes sailors and the railroad workers before they cast the die for a finish fight. Andrew Furuseth knows the mood of the sailors, and he is reported to be of the firith con viction that the lakes mariners will not transport a ton of ore to the steel trust furnaces as long as this righte ous industrial rebellion lasts. Mlen on the railroads which supply the 35 plants of the steel trust are also counted on to assist by refusing to handle supplies for the worst labor skinning corporation in America. The steel workers' committee. which sat in Washington for many; 1NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS I. _I Subscription Rates Are Going Up * TO KEEP THE BULLETIN UP For the purpose of helping to maintain The Daily Bulletin; ,. : For the purpose of helping to make The Daily * Bulletin independent of advertising; For the purpose of having the subscribers bear * a portion of the deficit under which The Bulletin unavoidably operates; U For the purpose of continuing to fight for the * people who toil; For the purpose of increasing the effectiveness * of The Daily Bulletin. Subscribers to The Daily Bulletin on and after Oct. 1, 1919, will be asked to pay the a following rates: One Month . . . . $1.00 Three Months . . . . 2.75 1 Six Months . . . . . 5.00 One Year . . . . 9.50 The inauguration of the above rates on Oct. 1 will not affect subscriptions which have been paid in advance beyond that date at the old rate. I As The Daily Bulletin is conducted for the sole purpose of serving the peo ple, and not for the benefit of those who exploit the people, the management I feels sure that all the present supporters of this FREE PRESS will readily a recognize the necessity for the increase in the subscription rates and continue their support. B THE BULLETIN STAFF. days in an effort to find a peaceable solution of the issue, was bitterly disappointed by President Wilson's failure to soften the hearts of the steel lords. His efforts, they now ad vise the country, "have not been any more successful than the efforts of President Gompers and the commit tee representing the employes." The committee's statement recites at length the tyranny of the steel trust, and concludes: "Our organizers have been jailed and fined for attempting to speak to our members. Our meetings have been picketed by hundreds of gun men, thugs and company officials, in an effort to browbeat and intimi date the workers from meeting and discussing their grievances. Thou sands of our members have been dis charged for no other reason than having become members of the union. All of this, with the cold-blooded and brutal murder of seven of our or ganizers and members by steel mill guards and professional gunmen dur ing the past few days, makes it im possible to restrain the employes any longer." The feeling which exists today is shown by the remark of a prominent committeeman who, on leaving for his home in Chicago, was asked when he expected to return to Washington. "Not until American labor elects its own man to sit in the White hou:e, I hope!" he exclaimed. Just before the steel industry strike date arrives the United Mine Workers are expected to conclude their national convention at Cleve land, after putting through a pro gram bearing fundamentally upon the future of American industry and the attitude of the workers. On Sept. 9 the committee on resolutions "ac cepted in principle resolutions fav oring the formation of a national la bor party, nationalization of the coal mines at the earliest possible mo ment, and an alliance for co-opera tive liolitical and economic effort with the railway brotherhoods, freight handlers and other trans portation workers,' according to an Associated Press report. While favorable disposition on the part of the resolutions committee does not mean the proposals will cer tainly be approved when they come to a vote on the floor of the conven tion, it clearly indicates the senti ment prevailing among a large pro portion of the delegates, and prob ably foreshadows an affirmative vote by the whole body. Washington politicians are deeply interested in press reports that the miners will go on record against uni versal military training or any other form of militarism in America. For several weeks past the national re publican committee has been issuing weekly charges in its "News Sheet" that the democratic party was trying to fasten a large standing army and peace-time conscription on the coun try. Since the republican leaders were among the most vociferous ad vocates of war and conscription, this new attitude of the national commit tee is probably designed very largely to win votes from the millions of men and women who have had enough of war and all its works. But it shows that the G. O. P. leaders have their ears to the ground and are hearing noises from the people which convince them it will be un safe for any candidate for high office to confess that he favors military conscription in the United States. Meanwhile. Secretary of War Baker makes it easier for the republicans by asking congress to create a stand ing army of 575,000 mien and oblige all boys of 18 years to take military training. President Wilson has not yet committed himself on the sub ject, unless Baker acted with the president's consent. Temporarily, the policemen's un ion of Washington has won a com plete victory over Commissioner Brownlow and Superintendent Pull man. After obtaining a temporary injunction from the courts which forbade the authorities to discharge members of the union, the policemen were going into court on Sept. 11 to ask that the injunction be made permanent. On Sept. 10, President Wilson telegraphed from the Dako tas to Brownlow "suggesting the great avisability of postponing any issue regarding the police situation until after the forthcoming indus trial conference at Washington." The president's action means that Commissioner Brownlow will not dare to fire any of the union police men, at least until Wilson gives the word. Under the cloud of violence by hoodlums which is attending the policemen's strike in Boston. Brown low might have got an annulment of the injunction and then been free to wreck the "cops" union. As regards the Boston strike, it must be remembered that the police there are under the sole jurisdiction of the governor of Massachusetts. The mayor of Boston has nothing to do with them. For this reason no pressure is effective unless it can be made to bear upon the governor. In annual convention at Greenfield, the Massachusetts Federation of Labor has instructed all Boston unions to vote on a proposal to back up the policemen. The central labor council of Boston had already pledged its supprt. and a general strike is very much in prospect at this writing. The British Trades Union con gress, sitting at Glasgow, has en dorsed by an overwhelming majority the proposal to nationalize the coal mines, thus filling a demand that the Lloyd George cabinet live up to the report of its own commission, which was headed by Justice Sankey. The vote was 4,470,000 to 77.000 in fa vor of nationalization. The resolu tion contained this concluding sen tence: "In the events of the govern ment still refusing, a special congress shall be convened to decide what form of action shall be taken to com pel the government to accept." In pressing the resolution the president of the miners. Robert Smiley, declared that the end would be attained through the "common sense realization of the justice of our claim." He added that he knew in cidental hardships were caused by strikes. but that times came when it was criminal for laborl not to strike to enforce justice. He said the min ers were really fighting in the in terest of all organized labor. James H. Thomas, president of the railroad workers, also spoke in favor of the resolution, saying the hour had come when the workers must make a definite decision. He urged all the delegates to consider well where they were going befor they should make the decision. Hatve lock Wilson, of the Seamen's union, spoke in vain against the proposal. Before this letter appears in print the British Trades Union congress will have voted on the question of whether they wish to employ the strike more frequently as a means of obtaining political measures which the cabinet or parliament are slow to adopt. BUTTE RESIDENT DIES IN WASHINGTON' James Cummings, age 26 years, died at Birmingham, Washington. He was inl the shipyards since last May, but was a resident of Butte for four years being employed as a miner. He is survived by a sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Gibbons, and an un cle, James K. Lowney of Butte. The remains will be shipped to Butte for burial. Funeral announcement later. Decent pay, not paternalism, is what the workers want from tlhe lords of the tools of industry.--To ledo Union Leader. FRISCOCHOIRBOYS HAVE GONE ON STRIKE Cherubic Songsters Follow Secular Propensities of the Day and Present Un ion Ultimatum. (Fromt S. F. Examniner.) San Frantisco, Sept. 17.--The choir boys of Grace ('athedral have formed a union an.t goneit on strike. Dean Greshamn of thl calthedral re ceived the choir hc::s' ultilatttuln yes terday, conferred willh a cherubic delegation Of strikers antid (ame to the conclusion that this must be the apex of sonlething or o)uher. The strike came into the placid stained-glass life of the cathedral like a thunderbolt. The ultimatum was signed "The It'nio)n of the Boy Choir." It was slilptped under the dean's door. And there was no le(vity in it. There must be no more iagillificats to sing; no more canticles to t elble like un gels. Must Sing .lnthems. But there shall tie anthems; the choir boys MUST sing all the aln thems. The soul of the choir boy abhors canticles; they are wotrk. But it revels in allthemsl , which are sheet joy in the singing. Magnificats, canticles and anthemsl!;, the technique of their art form only a part, however. of the plaint of thle choir boys. Working hotrs and Ihe( high cost of mlisbehatvior, street cars, and tardiness enter into it. Here are tlhe trlnls they demanlltt as set forth ini the ultimatumt de livered to I)tea Grl'eshm:ti I. The choir rehearsals slhll bIgin at 7 p. tn. anll shall end at 8 p. in. shamrp. 2. The boys requiring (carlefarei shall receive 30 cents each time. 3. The boys who do not receive ca:lrfal shall rece'('(ive 2(1 c(elnts. -1. The boys shall not sing any Magnificats or olher canticles. 5. The boys want and must hale more attention in their choir work. 6(. The boys shall sing all an thems. 7. Fine. shall be imposed tas follows: (a) Misbehavior, not over 5 cents. (b) Absence, not over 10 cents. (c) Tardiness, Ilot over 5 c(,nlts. Direct Langdale. The ultimatum did not beat about the bush: If aI favorable answer is not de livered (llluring Ihe present, week int entire strike of the boy choir will be prevalent. And it is decidedly prevalent, for yesterday Dean Gresham gave hie surpliced cherubs three months' va cation while their proposals are un der consideration. So for many a Sunday the silver voices that carry catlhedral congre gations away oni the wings of dreams will be silent. The strike is on. The cathedral au thorities have neilher acceded to nor refused the demands of the boys. And the union of the boy choir is adamant. Strike Is On. "It is extraordinary, is it not," said Dean Gresham last night when he was asked if such things could be, "biut it is true. I regard the choir boys' ultimuatum as a doclumentl unique in th history of walkouts. It is probably the first time in the his tory of boy choirs that the boys have taken such a step." AILROIAD TIME ARBLE TRAIN SCHEDULES. Trains arrive and depart from Butte as follows: Oregon Short Line. Arrive, 5:05 a. m. and 5:25 p. m. Leave, 7:15 a. m. and 5:35 p. in. Northern Pacific. East bound trains depart: Local 7:00 a. m.; stub, 10:45 a. m.; No. 2, 8:50 p. in.; No. 42, 10:00 p. in. West bound trains depart: No. 41, 6:30 a. m.; stub, 7:35 a. m.; No. 1, 9:05 p. m.; Missoula stub, 5:55 p. inm. Local from east arrives 9:15 a. m. and 8:05 p. in. Stub from west ar rives 1:00 p. m. and 8:10 p. in. All other trains arrive 10 minutes prior to departure. Great Northern. Leaves 8:00 a. m. and 2:45 p. m. Arrives 2:45 p. m. and 9:30 p. m. Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul. East bound leaves 10:45 a. m. and 10:25 p. m. West bound leaves 11:55 a. m. and 10:10 p. im. All trains arrive 10 minutes prior to departure. Butte, Anaconda and Pacific. Leaves 9:30 a. m., 1:00 p. m., 5:00 :p. m. and 10:15 p. m. Arrives 8:40 a. m., 12:20 p. m., 4:30 p. in and 7:45 p. m. THREE FAIL TO RESPOND ARE HALED INTO COURT Of the 100 or more jurymen who were drawn for the criminal panel in Judge Iynch's court, about 45 were dismiissed for various reasons. Three failed to respond, and were haled in with bench warrants. Fifty eight qualified and are on the job. They are: C. ( . Atkins, John H. Amos, Sydney Bryant, Pat J. Burke, James J. Cummings, James Certsi. Kenneth ('Cristie, John Caddigan, John Courtney, Harry Cowell, Roy Dockstadter. (arl Davis, Hans Erlan son, Herman C. Graff, Fred Gennett, Harry L. Hanson. William Huher, William It. Hoskins, M. Kennefel. T. P. Lally, John Lovett, Joe O. Le veque, William J. Knight, Anthony McBride, W\. T. McCourt, E. E. Mal loy, William Mayo, John Metz, Mike J. Miller, Earl Manchester, Joe Ney man, Pat H. O'Neil, William O'Neil, Thomas O'Brien, A. L. Patterson, William J. Pascoe, David Powell, Frank Reilly. G. G. Robinson, J. B. Ritter, Stephen Rice, Thomas Rogan, Charles Schwanz, James Skinner, N. Simon, Jerry R. Sullivan, Jerry L. Sullivan, John Sharkey, Wilfred Tretheway, H. A. Van Geisen, J. G. Vigient, J. .. Vages, John Valentine, John F. \W!silt, S. P. Wright and B. Walsh. ALLECED "OPEN" SHOP CONDEMNED BY LAWYE New York, Sept. 17.--Striking actors, members of the Actors' Equity association, who, with musi cians and stage employes, tried up the theaters in this city, were warned by their attorney to beware of the so-called "open" shop. The attorney is Samuel Untermyer. who served the actors without fee. In contributing $1.000 to the associ ation of chorus girls, Mr. Untermyer also contributed some very valuable advice. He predicted that if a set tlement was made on the "open" shop basis "the managers will undermine your association by discriminating against its members until they suc ceed in disintegrating it." Francis Wilson, the well known conmedian, who is president of the Actors' Equity association, said, "it has taken a revolution and a great amount of money to persuade the theatrical managers that they ought to buy the shoes, stockings and cos tumes for the chorus girls." While other actors and actresses had griev alncs the speaker uised the chorus girls to illustrate the former attitude of the managers. MANY HEAR JOHNSON (Continued From Page une.y exactly what Mr. Wilson intends to do with his league of nations, adopt a new government substantially for the United States. It is exactly what we do not wish to have done. We do not require a new government at this tilme. We are content to live under the constitution and the Declaration of Indlepelldence. "WVe insist that the government of Washington atnd of Lincoln iand of Roosevelt, the republic whiclh we have cherished and which has grown great under the doctrine of Anmeri canism. shall not be supersededed by an overlordship of eight foreign nations or by a sIuper-government ill which our voice will be but one of nine. In this olniliouls sentence Mr. W\ilson has told his purpose anti the purpose of the league of nations. Too Big for Governmlen. "Hlle has outgrowin the governnent that has been ours for 140 years. We hlave not. He has made a funda mentall choice of a governml11en1t with his league. We are still Americans. "Mr. \Vilson ill starting his tour said lie was making a 'roiport' 1 the country. The Amerlean ipeople have A IS WANTED WITHOUT FOR THE MEN WHO ARE IN Hlundreds of workers are literally rotting in the jails of this country because of their activity in the cause of Labor. Many of these victims of the wvorldl-wide class war a re awatinlg trial--and have been waiting for niaty weary months 'or the speedy trial guaranteed them by the United States (;Constitution. Others were tried and sentenced to terms ranging front one to twenty years during the period of war hysteria, and appeals-inl their cases are now being taken from King Capital drunk to King Capital sober. Some tof the prisoners have escaped by death, others are dying, mans have c tracted tiierctulosis and other loathlsome diseases, and all are slffering untotl (Igoy fro. om close con'finement it the fetid atmosphere r'tom insanistary and unhealthy surrountdings, 'romr poor and insufficient foodtl, and from i nhtnuai treatment accorded them by brutalized guards. Past attelmpts to sec'ure bail for all of these workers in jail have not beet attended with great success because of the lack of system. In dividuials sought to secure bail for their pIersonal friends, and failing to get tile necessary amount they returned what had been collected, thus making their entire efforts ftruitless. This was the condition facing the dclegates frtom all the western dis',tict organizations of the Industrial Workers of the World when they met in conference on July 3 and 4 in Seattle. The delegates solved the problem by an unfailing means Organization. A Bail and Bond Committee was elected to systematize the work of collecting bail and a nation-wide drive has been started to secure the loan of cash, Liberty Bonds and properlty sufficient to gain the release of all class war prisoners. With practically no advertising Six Thou sand I)ollars were raised in the first five days. More than Two Hun dried Thousand D)ollars are needed to release those now being held for their Labor activity. Sums of Five Dollars and up are accepted as loans, and all cash, Lib erty Bonds or propter. is tabulated in triplicate, one copy going to the person making the loan, another being retained by the Bail and Bond Committcc, aid l the third being filed with the Trades Union Savings and Loan Associationt of Seattle, with whom all funds, bonds and prop erty schedules will be banked. Only those who have been. proved loyal and trustworthy are being sent out as c.llectors. l\Everything possible has been (lone to safeguard this biil ;rit Iold ttfund, from the selection of the committee to the choice of the bank. A portion of the fund is being set aside to return loans on demand iii case personts who have made them are forced to leave the country or have other' reasons for making a withdrawal. Bail will be used to release specified persons where that is desired, bht otherwise the release will take place by a blind drawing of names, thus insuririg fairniess to all prisoners. By common consent the men ill Wichita, Kansas. jail will first be released, as they have been held thie longest aid jail conditions ar'e worse there than anywhere else in the enltire country. This bail has nearly all been subscribed, and the mrner will lbe made accredited collec:tors when released, and their speedy release will help to set others at liberty. No necessity exists for a'gu.nent. Your duty is clear. If your ears are not deal' to a call from v-our' class, if you feel that an injury to one is an injury to all, if' there buris w\ithin you the faintest spark of human ity, you will see that theu menn do not remain behind the bars an un necessary minuite becar :-: o withheld your support. THEY ARE WILLING TO GIVE THEIR LIVES FOR YOUI ARE YOU WILLING TO LOAN YOUR DOLLARS TO THEM? Send all cash, checks and bonds to John L. Engdahl, Secretary of Ball and Bond Committee, Box W, Ballard Station, Seattle. Property schedules should be filed with Attorney Ralph 8. Pierce, Room 607 Central Building, Seattle. Butte Office, 318 N. Wyoming St., A. S. Embree, Bond and Ball delegate. REMOVE THE BRIBE-TAKEC Cut this out, fill in with name and address and mail Attorney General Palmer. TO ATTORNEY GENERAL PALMER, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, WASHINGTON, D. C. Dear Sir: Montana is now and has been since the beginning of the world war in the grasp of a group of profiteering wholesale and. retail dealers in foodstuffs and other necessities, including coal. Prices have beeun arbitrarily advanced by the dealers to the stage where the incomes of the working people are inadequate to permit of the pnr'. chase of sufficient necessities to keep body and soul together, and p)roamises of further increases are made. Our state officials, who have given evidence that they are in league with the food and coal pirates,' have failed to give us relief, and we now look to your office to come to oulr assistance. As your United States district attorney for Montana you have E. C. I)ay, a self-confessed bribe-taker and a notorious friend of the inter ests which are now guilty of profiteering. Mr. Day has not only sig. Ially failed to take action against the profiteers, but seems to be ex tendilng them every protection in his power. As the result of the continued increases in price and the inactivity, of our state officials as well as Mr. Day, we demand that you, in the interests of the people of the state of Montana, and to the end that the present reign of the plunderbund in this state be ended, immediate ly discharge E. C. Day from the office of United States attorney for the district of Montana and replace him with some one of integrity who will follb6w your orders and the wishes of the people and prosecute the food hoarders and the profiteers. (Signed) Name..................................................... Street No...... .......................... ............ City........................... ....... Montana. waited in vain for any report of Mr. Wilson's proceedings at Paris. In stead of facts they had platitudes and glittering generalities. They have been given no explanation for the surrender of the peoples so eloquent ly announced by Mr. Wilson, no rea son for the abandonment of Ameri canism and the easy triumph of Eu ropean and Asiatic diplomacy. "In this city Mr. Wilson indulged in one or two significant remarks re plete with warning to our people. 'Your choice,' he said, 'is between the league of nations and German ism.' antl he endeavored by veiled threat to convey that his opponents were tainted with pro-Germanism. It is a bad and lost cause which in its extremity resorts to epithets and vitulperation. "And thle choice is not between the league of nations and Germanism. 'The choice is between the league of nations and Americanism. The choice is between Mr. Wilson's in ternationalism, which subordinates and subjects Americanism to Euro pean and Asiatic power and Amueri i's nisni. "Mr. Wilson atsserted to you that the treaty of peace laid down for over the principle that no territory ever should be governed except as the people who lived there wanted it governed. The millions of subject peoples of the earth make the issue with Mr. Wilson and his own words to Dr. Williams, the American ex pert, that the treaty was founded upon the secret treaties, some of which, he said, were unconscionable, make his statement grotesque." ANOTHER FRIEND OF THE WORKING PEOP[E A 12-pound boy was born last eve ning to Mr. and Mrs. George Ames of 316%, North Main street. Mothlli and son are reported to be doing well. Bulletin Want Ads Get Result. Phone 52. SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN.