Our Washington Letter
Washington, Sept. 17. - Inside
financiers of the steel trust expect
to make a lot of money out of the
general strike that has been called
for Sept. 22. Judge Gary and his
friends know their present arrogant
attitude cannot be maintained-the
time is past when even the United
States Steel corporation can refuse
to meet and bargain with its organ
But there is a chance for the in
siders to make additional millions
before the trust bows to the work
ers' demands. A big lot of steel stock
is owned on a narrow margin by
foolish speculators. When the strike
comes the stock will decline in price.
The little speculators will have to
let go their stock. Still others will
become frightened and sell. If the
strike lasts 10 days United States
Steel. is expected to fall off about
$25 a share.
And what the little financiers are
forced to sell the big fellows will
buy up at an expected profit of that
much a share.
Gary's plan is said to be to allow
the strike to run about two weeks
and then offer to meet the commit
tees of labor leaders on condition
that the men first return to work.
While his refusal to meet the lead
ers is the thing from which the
strike order has sprung, he might,
after the strikers had gone back to
work, still "confer" with the leaders
again and again without finally right
ing any of the wrongs of which the
men complain: And he does not
mean to pledge himself in advance
to anything but a conference when
he finally attempts to end the walk
out. If the influential insiders have
by that time cleaned up the extra
fortunes they anticipate they will be
feeling mellow and satisfied enough
even to' grant the "revolutionary"
right of collective bargaining-some
thing that is already enjoyed by free
American workmen outsi.de the steel
So much for the plan of the steel
lords. What about the workers?
Leaders of the steel unions are fully
aware of the financiers' game, but
they are not going to get scared and
sacrifice the men in the mills to pro
longed tyranny just in order to save
money for a set of petty speculators
who are trying to get something for
nothing and live the rest of their
lives in idleness. In addition to their
own desperate troubles the steel
workers cannot make themselves re
sponsible for the Wall street lambs
who may be sheared in the coming
So, unless the steel lords back
down in the meantime, Sept. 22 will
see the start of a strike for freedom
in the iron trade which is likely to
go far beyond the sham battle de
signed by a board of corporate di
rectors. Leaders of the 24 unions
immediately concerned are 'thorough
ly acquainted with the mood of the
rank and file. They have not exag
gerated when they warned the politi
cians and the "public" that the men
who sweat and risk their lives in the
steel industry are the real agitators
for this strike, and are determined to
If Judge Gary and his associates
have a lingering belief that they can
beat the men in their own mills, they
should be advised to consult the
Great Lakes sailors and the railroad
workers before they cast the die for
a finish fight. Andrew Furuseth
knows the mood of the sailors, and
he is reported to be of the firith con
viction that the lakes mariners will
not transport a ton of ore to the steel
trust furnaces as long as this righte
ous industrial rebellion lasts. Mlen
on the railroads which supply the 35
plants of the steel trust are also
counted on to assist by refusing to
handle supplies for the worst labor
skinning corporation in America.
The steel workers' committee.
which sat in Washington for many;
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THE BULLETIN STAFF.
days in an effort to find a peaceable
solution of the issue, was bitterly
disappointed by President Wilson's
failure to soften the hearts of the
steel lords. His efforts, they now ad
vise the country, "have not been any
more successful than the efforts of
President Gompers and the commit
tee representing the employes." The
committee's statement recites at
length the tyranny of the steel trust,
"Our organizers have been jailed
and fined for attempting to speak
to our members. Our meetings have
been picketed by hundreds of gun
men, thugs and company officials,
in an effort to browbeat and intimi
date the workers from meeting and
discussing their grievances. Thou
sands of our members have been dis
charged for no other reason than
having become members of the union.
All of this, with the cold-blooded and
brutal murder of seven of our or
ganizers and members by steel mill
guards and professional gunmen dur
ing the past few days, makes it im
possible to restrain the employes any
The feeling which exists today is
shown by the remark of a prominent
committeeman who, on leaving for
his home in Chicago, was asked when
he expected to return to Washington.
"Not until American labor elects its
own man to sit in the White hou:e,
I hope!" he exclaimed.
Just before the steel industry
strike date arrives the United Mine
Workers are expected to conclude
their national convention at Cleve
land, after putting through a pro
gram bearing fundamentally upon
the future of American industry and
the attitude of the workers. On Sept.
9 the committee on resolutions "ac
cepted in principle resolutions fav
oring the formation of a national la
bor party, nationalization of the coal
mines at the earliest possible mo
ment, and an alliance for co-opera
tive liolitical and economic effort
with the railway brotherhoods,
freight handlers and other trans
portation workers,' according to an
Associated Press report.
While favorable disposition on the
part of the resolutions committee
does not mean the proposals will cer
tainly be approved when they come
to a vote on the floor of the conven
tion, it clearly indicates the senti
ment prevailing among a large pro
portion of the delegates, and prob
ably foreshadows an affirmative vote
by the whole body.
Washington politicians are deeply
interested in press reports that the
miners will go on record against uni
versal military training or any other
form of militarism in America. For
several weeks past the national re
publican committee has been issuing
weekly charges in its "News Sheet"
that the democratic party was trying
to fasten a large standing army and
peace-time conscription on the coun
try. Since the republican leaders
were among the most vociferous ad
vocates of war and conscription, this
new attitude of the national commit
tee is probably designed very largely
to win votes from the millions of
men and women who have had
enough of war and all its works. But
it shows that the G. O. P. leaders
have their ears to the ground and
are hearing noises from the people
which convince them it will be un
safe for any candidate for high office
to confess that he favors military
conscription in the United States.
Meanwhile. Secretary of War Baker
makes it easier for the republicans
by asking congress to create a stand
ing army of 575,000 mien and oblige
all boys of 18 years to take military
training. President Wilson has not
yet committed himself on the sub
ject, unless Baker acted with the
Temporarily, the policemen's un
ion of Washington has won a com
plete victory over Commissioner
Brownlow and Superintendent Pull
man. After obtaining a temporary
injunction from the courts which
forbade the authorities to discharge
members of the union, the policemen
were going into court on Sept. 11 to
ask that the injunction be made
permanent. On Sept. 10, President
Wilson telegraphed from the Dako
tas to Brownlow "suggesting the
great avisability of postponing any
issue regarding the police situation
until after the forthcoming indus
trial conference at Washington."
The president's action means that
Commissioner Brownlow will not
dare to fire any of the union police
men, at least until Wilson gives the
word. Under the cloud of violence
by hoodlums which is attending the
policemen's strike in Boston. Brown
low might have got an annulment of
the injunction and then been free to
wreck the "cops" union.
As regards the Boston strike, it
must be remembered that the police
there are under the sole jurisdiction
of the governor of Massachusetts.
The mayor of Boston has nothing to
do with them. For this reason no
pressure is effective unless it can be
made to bear upon the governor. In
annual convention at Greenfield, the
Massachusetts Federation of Labor
has instructed all Boston unions to
vote on a proposal to back up the
policemen. The central labor council
of Boston had already pledged its
supprt. and a general strike is very
much in prospect at this writing.
The British Trades Union con
gress, sitting at Glasgow, has en
dorsed by an overwhelming majority
the proposal to nationalize the coal
mines, thus filling a demand that the
Lloyd George cabinet live up to the
report of its own commission, which
was headed by Justice Sankey. The
vote was 4,470,000 to 77.000 in fa
vor of nationalization. The resolu
tion contained this concluding sen
tence: "In the events of the govern
ment still refusing, a special congress
shall be convened to decide what
form of action shall be taken to com
pel the government to accept."
In pressing the resolution the
president of the miners. Robert
Smiley, declared that the end would
be attained through the "common
sense realization of the justice of our
claim." He added that he knew in
cidental hardships were caused by
strikes. but that times came when it
was criminal for laborl not to strike
to enforce justice. He said the min
ers were really fighting in the in
terest of all organized labor.
James H. Thomas, president of the
railroad workers, also spoke in favor
of the resolution, saying the hour
had come when the workers must
make a definite decision. He urged
all the delegates to consider well
where they were going befor they
should make the decision. Hatve
lock Wilson, of the Seamen's union,
spoke in vain against the proposal.
Before this letter appears in print
the British Trades Union congress
will have voted on the question of
whether they wish to employ the
strike more frequently as a means
of obtaining political measures which
the cabinet or parliament are slow
BUTTE RESIDENT DIES
James Cummings, age 26 years,
died at Birmingham, Washington.
He was inl the shipyards since last
May, but was a resident of Butte
for four years being employed as a
miner. He is survived by a sister,
Mrs. Elizabeth Gibbons, and an un
cle, James K. Lowney of Butte. The
remains will be shipped to Butte for
burial. Funeral announcement later.
Decent pay, not paternalism, is
what the workers want from tlhe
lords of the tools of industry.--To
ledo Union Leader.
HAVE GONE ON STRIKE
Cherubic Songsters Follow
Secular Propensities of
the Day and Present Un
(Fromt S. F. Examniner.)
San Frantisco, Sept. 17.--The
choir boys of Grace ('athedral have
formed a union an.t goneit on strike.
Dean Greshamn of thl calthedral re
ceived the choir hc::s' ultilatttuln yes
terday, conferred willh a cherubic
delegation Of strikers antid (ame to
the conclusion that this must be the
apex of sonlething or o)uher.
The strike came into the placid
stained-glass life of the cathedral
like a thunderbolt. The ultimatum
was signed "The It'nio)n of the Boy
Choir." It was slilptped under the
And there was no le(vity in it. There
must be no more iagillificats to sing;
no more canticles to t elble like un
Must Sing .lnthems.
But there shall tie anthems; the
choir boys MUST sing all the aln
The soul of the choir boy abhors
canticles; they are wotrk. But it
revels in allthemsl , which are sheet
joy in the singing.
Magnificats, canticles and anthemsl!;,
the technique of their art form only
a part, however. of the plaint of thle
choir boys. Working hotrs and Ihe(
high cost of mlisbehatvior, street cars,
and tardiness enter into it.
Here are tlhe trlnls they demanlltt
as set forth ini the ultimatumt de
livered to I)tea Grl'eshm:ti
I. The choir rehearsals slhll
bIgin at 7 p. tn. anll shall end at
8 p. in. shamrp.
2. The boys requiring (carlefarei
shall receive 30 cents each time.
3. The boys who do not receive
ca:lrfal shall rece'('(ive 2(1 c(elnts.
-1. The boys shall not sing any
Magnificats or olher canticles.
5. The boys want and must hale
more attention in their choir work.
6(. The boys shall sing all an
7. Fine. shall be imposed tas
follows: (a) Misbehavior, not
over 5 cents. (b) Absence, not
over 10 cents. (c) Tardiness,
Ilot over 5 c(,nlts.
The ultimatum did not beat about
If aI favorable answer is not de
livered (llluring Ihe present, week
int entire strike of the boy choir
will be prevalent.
And it is decidedly prevalent, for
yesterday Dean Gresham gave hie
surpliced cherubs three months' va
cation while their proposals are un
So for many a Sunday the silver
voices that carry catlhedral congre
gations away oni the wings of dreams
will be silent.
The strike is on. The cathedral au
thorities have neilher acceded to nor
refused the demands of the boys.
And the union of the boy choir is
Strike Is On.
"It is extraordinary, is it not,"
said Dean Gresham last night when
he was asked if such things could be,
"biut it is true. I regard the choir
boys' ultimuatum as a doclumentl
unique in th history of walkouts. It
is probably the first time in the his
tory of boy choirs that the boys have
taken such a step."
AILROIAD TIME ARBLE
Trains arrive and depart from
Butte as follows:
Oregon Short Line.
Arrive, 5:05 a. m. and 5:25 p. m.
Leave, 7:15 a. m. and 5:35 p. in.
East bound trains depart: Local
7:00 a. m.; stub, 10:45 a. m.; No. 2,
8:50 p. in.; No. 42, 10:00 p. in.
West bound trains depart: No.
41, 6:30 a. m.; stub, 7:35 a. m.; No.
1, 9:05 p. m.; Missoula stub, 5:55
Local from east arrives 9:15 a. m.
and 8:05 p. in. Stub from west ar
rives 1:00 p. m. and 8:10 p. in. All
other trains arrive 10 minutes prior
Leaves 8:00 a. m. and 2:45 p. m.
Arrives 2:45 p. m. and 9:30 p. m.
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul.
East bound leaves 10:45 a. m. and
10:25 p. m.
West bound leaves 11:55 a. m. and
10:10 p. im.
All trains arrive 10 minutes prior
Butte, Anaconda and Pacific.
Leaves 9:30 a. m., 1:00 p. m., 5:00
:p. m. and 10:15 p. m.
Arrives 8:40 a. m., 12:20 p. m.,
4:30 p. in and 7:45 p. m.
THREE FAIL TO RESPOND
ARE HALED INTO COURT
Of the 100 or more jurymen who
were drawn for the criminal panel
in Judge Iynch's court, about 45
were dismiissed for various reasons.
Three failed to respond, and were
haled in with bench warrants. Fifty
eight qualified and are on the job.
They are: C. ( . Atkins, John H.
Amos, Sydney Bryant, Pat J. Burke,
James J. Cummings, James Certsi.
Kenneth ('Cristie, John Caddigan,
John Courtney, Harry Cowell, Roy
Dockstadter. (arl Davis, Hans Erlan
son, Herman C. Graff, Fred Gennett,
Harry L. Hanson. William Huher,
William It. Hoskins, M. Kennefel. T.
P. Lally, John Lovett, Joe O. Le
veque, William J. Knight, Anthony
McBride, W\. T. McCourt, E. E. Mal
loy, William Mayo, John Metz, Mike
J. Miller, Earl Manchester, Joe Ney
man, Pat H. O'Neil, William O'Neil,
Thomas O'Brien, A. L. Patterson,
William J. Pascoe, David Powell,
Frank Reilly. G. G. Robinson, J. B.
Ritter, Stephen Rice, Thomas Rogan,
Charles Schwanz, James Skinner, N.
Simon, Jerry R. Sullivan, Jerry L.
Sullivan, John Sharkey, Wilfred
Tretheway, H. A. Van Geisen, J. G.
Vigient, J. .. Vages, John Valentine,
John F. \W!silt, S. P. Wright and B.
ALLECED "OPEN" SHOP
CONDEMNED BY LAWYE
New York, Sept. 17.--Striking
actors, members of the Actors'
Equity association, who, with musi
cians and stage employes, tried up
the theaters in this city, were warned
by their attorney to beware of the
so-called "open" shop.
The attorney is Samuel Untermyer.
who served the actors without fee.
In contributing $1.000 to the associ
ation of chorus girls, Mr. Untermyer
also contributed some very valuable
advice. He predicted that if a set
tlement was made on the "open" shop
basis "the managers will undermine
your association by discriminating
against its members until they suc
ceed in disintegrating it."
Francis Wilson, the well known
conmedian, who is president of the
Actors' Equity association, said, "it
has taken a revolution and a great
amount of money to persuade the
theatrical managers that they ought
to buy the shoes, stockings and cos
tumes for the chorus girls." While
other actors and actresses had griev
alncs the speaker uised the chorus
girls to illustrate the former attitude
of the managers.
MANY HEAR JOHNSON
(Continued From Page une.y
exactly what Mr. Wilson intends to
do with his league of nations, adopt
a new government substantially for
the United States. It is exactly what
we do not wish to have done. We do
not require a new government at this
tilme. We are content to live under
the constitution and the Declaration
"WVe insist that the government of
Washington atnd of Lincoln iand of
Roosevelt, the republic whiclh we
have cherished and which has grown
great under the doctrine of Anmeri
canism. shall not be supersededed by an
overlordship of eight foreign nations
or by a sIuper-government ill which
our voice will be but one of nine. In
this olniliouls sentence Mr. W\ilson has
told his purpose anti the purpose of
the league of nations.
Too Big for Governmlen.
"Hlle has outgrowin the governnent
that has been ours for 140 years. We
hlave not. He has made a funda
mentall choice of a governml11en1t with
his league. We are still Americans.
"Mr. \Vilson ill starting his tour
said lie was making a 'roiport' 1 the
country. The Amerlean ipeople have
A IS WANTED
WITHOUT FOR THE
MEN WHO ARE IN
Hlundreds of workers are literally rotting in the jails of this country
because of their activity in the cause of Labor. Many of these victims
of the wvorldl-wide class war a re awatinlg trial--and have been waiting
for niaty weary months 'or the speedy trial guaranteed them by the
United States (;Constitution. Others were tried and sentenced to terms
ranging front one to twenty years during the period of war hysteria,
and appeals-inl their cases are now being taken from King Capital drunk
to King Capital sober.
Some tof the prisoners have escaped by death, others are dying, mans
have c tracted tiierctulosis and other loathlsome diseases, and all are
slffering untotl (Igoy fro. om close con'finement it the fetid atmosphere
r'tom insanistary and unhealthy surrountdings, 'romr poor and insufficient
foodtl, and from i nhtnuai treatment accorded them by brutalized guards.
Past attelmpts to sec'ure bail for all of these workers in jail have not
beet attended with great success because of the lack of system. In
dividuials sought to secure bail for their pIersonal friends, and failing to
get tile necessary amount they returned what had been collected, thus
making their entire efforts ftruitless. This was the condition facing the
dclegates frtom all the western dis',tict organizations of the Industrial
Workers of the World when they met in conference on July 3 and 4 in
Seattle. The delegates solved the problem by an unfailing means
A Bail and Bond Committee was elected to systematize the work of
collecting bail and a nation-wide drive has been started to secure the
loan of cash, Liberty Bonds and properlty sufficient to gain the release
of all class war prisoners. With practically no advertising Six Thou
sand I)ollars were raised in the first five days. More than Two Hun
dried Thousand D)ollars are needed to release those now being held for
their Labor activity.
Sums of Five Dollars and up are accepted as loans, and all cash, Lib
erty Bonds or propter. is tabulated in triplicate, one copy going to the
person making the loan, another being retained by the Bail and Bond
Committcc, aid l the third being filed with the Trades Union Savings
and Loan Associationt of Seattle, with whom all funds, bonds and prop
erty schedules will be banked.
Only those who have been. proved loyal and trustworthy are being
sent out as c.llectors. l\Everything possible has been (lone to safeguard
this biil ;rit Iold ttfund, from the selection of the committee to the
choice of the bank. A portion of the fund is being set aside to return
loans on demand iii case personts who have made them are forced to
leave the country or have other' reasons for making a withdrawal.
Bail will be used to release specified persons where that is desired,
bht otherwise the release will take place by a blind drawing of names,
thus insuririg fairniess to all prisoners. By common consent the men
ill Wichita, Kansas. jail will first be released, as they have been held
thie longest aid jail conditions ar'e worse there than anywhere else in
the enltire country. This bail has nearly all been subscribed, and the
mrner will lbe made accredited collec:tors when released, and their speedy
release will help to set others at liberty.
No necessity exists for a'gu.nent. Your duty is clear. If your ears
are not deal' to a call from v-our' class, if you feel that an injury to one
is an injury to all, if' there buris w\ithin you the faintest spark of human
ity, you will see that theu menn do not remain behind the bars an un
necessary minuite becar :-: o withheld your support.
THEY ARE WILLING TO GIVE THEIR LIVES FOR YOUI
ARE YOU WILLING TO LOAN YOUR DOLLARS TO THEM?
Send all cash, checks and bonds to John L. Engdahl, Secretary of Ball
and Bond Committee, Box W, Ballard Station, Seattle.
Property schedules should be filed with Attorney Ralph 8. Pierce,
Room 607 Central Building, Seattle.
Butte Office, 318 N. Wyoming St., A. S. Embree, Bond and Ball
REMOVE THE BRIBE-TAKEC
Cut this out, fill in with name and address and mail
Attorney General Palmer.
TO ATTORNEY GENERAL PALMER,
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Dear Sir: Montana is now and has been since the beginning of
the world war in the grasp of a group of profiteering wholesale and.
retail dealers in foodstuffs and other necessities, including coal. Prices
have beeun arbitrarily advanced by the dealers to the stage where the
incomes of the working people are inadequate to permit of the pnr'.
chase of sufficient necessities to keep body and soul together, and
p)roamises of further increases are made. Our state officials, who have
given evidence that they are in league with the food and coal pirates,'
have failed to give us relief, and we now look to your office to come
to oulr assistance.
As your United States district attorney for Montana you have E. C.
I)ay, a self-confessed bribe-taker and a notorious friend of the inter
ests which are now guilty of profiteering. Mr. Day has not only sig.
Ially failed to take action against the profiteers, but seems to be ex
tendilng them every protection in his power.
As the result of the continued increases in price and the inactivity,
of our state officials as well as Mr. Day, we demand that you, in the
interests of the people of the state of Montana, and to the end that
the present reign of the plunderbund in this state be ended, immediate
ly discharge E. C. Day from the office of United States attorney for
the district of Montana and replace him with some one of integrity who
will follb6w your orders and the wishes of the people and prosecute the
food hoarders and the profiteers.
Street No...... .......................... ............
City........................... ....... Montana.
waited in vain for any report of Mr.
Wilson's proceedings at Paris. In
stead of facts they had platitudes and
glittering generalities. They have
been given no explanation for the
surrender of the peoples so eloquent
ly announced by Mr. Wilson, no rea
son for the abandonment of Ameri
canism and the easy triumph of Eu
ropean and Asiatic diplomacy.
"In this city Mr. Wilson indulged
in one or two significant remarks re
plete with warning to our people.
'Your choice,' he said, 'is between
the league of nations and German
ism.' antl he endeavored by veiled
threat to convey that his opponents
were tainted with pro-Germanism.
It is a bad and lost cause which in
its extremity resorts to epithets and
"And thle choice is not between the
league of nations and Germanism.
'The choice is between the league of
nations and Americanism. The
choice is between Mr. Wilson's in
ternationalism, which subordinates
and subjects Americanism to Euro
pean and Asiatic power and Amueri
"Mr. Wilson atsserted to you that
the treaty of peace laid down for
over the principle that no territory
ever should be governed except as
the people who lived there wanted it
governed. The millions of subject
peoples of the earth make the issue
with Mr. Wilson and his own words
to Dr. Williams, the American ex
pert, that the treaty was founded
upon the secret treaties, some of
which, he said, were unconscionable,
make his statement grotesque."
ANOTHER FRIEND OF
THE WORKING PEOP[E
A 12-pound boy was born last eve
ning to Mr. and Mrs. George Ames
of 316%, North Main street. Mothlli
and son are reported to be doing
Bulletin Want Ads Get
Result. Phone 52.
SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN.
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