Newspaper Page Text
usaed Every Evening, Euept Sunday, by THE BULLETIN PUBLISBING CO.
Eatered as 3Seeon-Clas Matter, Deeember 18, 1917, at the Postofee at Butt., neatana Nader Aet of March 8, 1879. PHONES: Business Ofiee, 52; Editorial Rooms, 293 BUSINESS OPFJOE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 SOUTH IDAHO STREET BUBSORIPTION RATES: One Month..................... $1.00 Six Months ...........................$5.00 Three Months .......................$2.75 By the Year .....................$9.50 The Daily Bulletin is on sale every day at the following places in Butte. Jaeques Drug Co., Harrison and Cobban Depot Drug Store, 828 East Frent St. George A. Ames, Jr., 816 1 2 N. Main St. P. O. News Stand, West Park 8t. International News Stand, S. Arizona St. Palace of Sweets, Mercury and Main St. Harkins' Grocery, 1028 Talbot Ave. Everybody's News Stand, 215 S. Montana Helens Confectionery, 785 East Park St. MONDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1919. SIGN UP! Come down to the Bulletin office and sign a monthly pledge :-: :-: :-: STEEL AND THE STATE. Martial law in Gary, raids on the homes of str'ikers, erection of a stockade by General Leonard WVood-the idol of' Ihe Roosevelt cull--for the imprisonment of ai'rested strikers. an ilouncemenlt by the military intelligence department of theiri discovery of another "'bomb-plot," the press screraming of the menace of the foreign element, investigation of the strike eid the attempted br'owbeating of strike leaders by a senate committee, Gary on the president's industrial commission, rep resenting the public; thousands of gunmen sworn in as special deputies in the steel trust territory, wanton murder of' inof fensive men and -women by these same deputies, trials of strikers before court officials owned by the steel trust, the breaking up of peaceful meetings of the strikers by constabu lary and special police: a widespread campaign of publicity with the object of discrediting everyone actively connected with the strike. In the light of these facts, one does not have to be prejudiced to conclude that the real powers of government rest not in the hands of elected officials, but are vested in the ruthless financial group that controls the steel trust and its allied in dustries. It has beetn denied, sornewha.t vocinferously, at times, by the apologists for the existing order that government is but a. re flex of the economic system; there is a large body of the Amer ican people wiho do not accept this as a fact; trade union leaid ers in particular have generally refused to accept the theory as an explanation for the fact that the government is always found on the side of' the employer in industrial disputes: if the nu merous instances of oultright oppressioni by the forces of the state in the pres'ent strike do not convince these doubllers that. capitalist governmenit has but one function-the suppression of' all efforts of the workers for greater eco,,nomic liberty-- they are hopelessly blind, for surely Mr. Gaury is doing his ut most to prove the contention that students of governmeint have made for years. The capitalist state is organized to protect the system of pr'ofit niaking: to, assist inl removing the hide of the worker and extracting therefr'om the drops of blood that by a peculiai' process of' capitalistic chemistry become wealth of' one form or another; inl Ilie present instance this wealth takes the form of steel and steel products. If the stale canno'l.t replel this invasion of the workers uipori the sacred rights of tlhe steel barons to continue making profit by any means they see fit. it has failed to function prloperly and will be replaced by some other system. This is the real question at issue insofar as the steel interests are concerned and it matters little that workers are merely asking for' the plrivilege of bar'gaining ,collcctiv ely. STUMNBLING IN AN ATTEMPT TO CLIMB ON. With the careful conservatism that endears him to the hearts of the believers in things as they are, disregarding, with the calm assurance that is his grealest asset as a leader the fact that his well meanut cffort may be considered somnewhat bhe lated, Senator WValshI has emerged from the obscurity Iof the recesses of the senate chuamber as a clhanpioni of the rights Iof small nations with a resolution asking, in the cautious legal phraseology for which he is fano(ms, that the matter of Iorish independence hIe considered by the League of Nationis at its first session. We doubt it' the action of the Ifamous expert on the right of belligerent nations to seize and search th e ship s tof neutrals will cause any wild and j.yous demonstration on the part of the supporters of the moveimenut for Irish iuldependence; al though it is causing widespread apprehension among the feed ers at the political trough. and perhaps is dellorable ftrom their standpoint, it is still a fact that the Irish inl the United States are becoming disconcertingly discrimin mating: they are noa longer stampeded by the sound of an Irish nime nor are they deceived by such patent appeals to their umatinual spirit as was recently made by the senator who was returned from this state by the magic of Wilson's name. The discovery has been made by mlaniy persons--recently, in most instances-that it is idle to expect. any sincere effort for the freedom of small nations fromn those who do not stand for freedom at home. As the framer of the infamous espionage act,. the medium through which many workers for Irish freedom as well us workers for industrial liberty were sent to jail, Senator \Valsh has aligned himself with the forces of autocracy in this nation; it is too late for him to crawl back into the good graces of the people of this state even were his resolution anything but an insult to their intelligence. LOUDER THAN WORDS. Judging men by words rather than deeds is a peculiarity that characterizes the American masses: nothing else can ex plain the hold which Woodrow Wilson had over the nmass mind of the American people. Occasionally an ancient proverb speaks the truth and today many are now recalling the one that says "'Actions speak louder than words." Nothing could be more appropriute when ap plied to the government of which Wilson is the executive head. For instance, having secured the support of the American people for "a war to end war," the unavy department under Union Stock Holders in the BUTTE DAILY BULLE7TI.. UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA--Locals: Sand Coulee, Stocket, Roundup, Lehigh, Klein, Washoe, Red Lodge, Smith (Bear Creek). FEDERAL LABOR UNION-Livingston, Great Falls. MACHINISTS' UNION-Great Falls, Butte, Livingston, Seattle. CEREAL WORKERS-Great Falls. TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION-Butte. BLACKSMITHS' UNION-Butte, Miles City, Seattle. ELECTRICIANS' UNION-Livingston, Deer Lodge, Butte, Anaconda, Seattle. BAKERS UNION-Great Falls. SHOE WORKERS-Great Falls. PLASTERERS' UNION-Great Falls. RAILWAY CAR REPAIRERS-Livingston, Miles City. MUSICIANS' UNION-Butte. BREWERY WORKERS' UNION-Butte. HOD CARRIERS' UNION-Butte, Bozeman, Helena, Seattle. STREET CAR MEN'S UNION-Butte, Portland. BARBERS' UNION-Butte. METAL MINE WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA. PRINTING PRESSMEN'S UNION-Butte. MAILERS' UNION-Butte. I . STEREOTYPERS AND ELECTROTYPERS' UNION-Butte. BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS-Butte. PIPEFITTERS' UNION-Butte. BROTHERHOOD BOILERMAKERS AND HEILPERS--Butte, and Livingston. .. STEAM AND OPERATING ENGINEERS-Great Falls. BUTCHERS' UNION-Great Falls. BAKERS' UNION-Butte. INTERNATIONAL MOLDERS' UNION, LOCAL NO. 276-Butte. LAUNDRY WORKERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle. PLUMBERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle. BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, LOCAL NO. 224-Miles City. TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL-Miles City. BROTHERHOOD RAILWAY CAR MEN OF AMERICA, COPPER LODGE NO. 430-Butte. BUTTE FOUNDRY WORKERS UNION-Butte. PAINTERS' UNION-Butte, Seattle. CARPENTERS' UNION NO. 1335-Seattle. TAILORS' PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION-Butte, Portland. BOILERMAKERS, SHIPBUILDERS AND HELPERS OF AMERICA -Tocamo, Seattle, Livingston. INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF BLACKSMITHS AND HELP ERS, LOCAL NO. 211-Seattle. WORKERS', SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' COUrNCIL--Painters' Hall, Seattle. BTTILDING LABORERS' UNION-Seattle. INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS AND PILEdDRIVERS' LOCAL NO. 86---Seattle. INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINIST HELPERS-Butte. BROTHERHOOD OF RAILWAY TRAINMEN, NO. 580, BUTTE. MILLMEN'S UNION-Seattle. CARPENTERS' LOCAL UNION, NO. l172Billings, Montana.- TEAMSTERS' UNION-Local 135, Billings, Mont. BROTHERHOOD CARPENTERS AND JOINERS-Local 1172; Bill ings, Mont. MILLMEN'S UNION-Seattle, Wash. TEAMSTERS' UNION-Billings. AND THOUSANDS OF INDIVIDUALS IN BUTTE AND MONTANA. BAKERY and CONFECTIONERY WORKERS-Local Union 274, Anaconda, Mont. INTERNATIONAL HODCARRIERS-Local No. 98, Billings, Mont. the leadership of that noted pacifist, Josephus l)aniels, calmly proceeds to cnter upon a program of naval construction that exceeds anything in history. Stupcndous is the only word that adequately describes it. ITwelve new battleships for the United States' mighty navy are now under construction. Before leaving for his cruise with the Pacific fleet, Secretary Daniels awarded the last of these contracts; this being for the Massa cliusetts. which will be built at the Four Biver Shipbuild ing company of Quincy, Mass. Because of the immediate reeds of the navy during the war. all energy was thoen concentrated on destroyers and smaller craft. The bt ttleships now being built, with their displace ments, are as f'ollows: Tennessee, 32,300 tons; New York navy yard, building at. New York. California, 32,300 tons; Mare Island navy yard, build ing at. Mare Islanld. C.olorado, 32,600 tons; New York Shipbuilding corpo ration. buildiing at (Camden, N. J. Maryland, 32,600 tuns; Newport News Shipbuilding coumany, building at Newport News, Va. \Vashington, 32,000 tons; New York Shipbuilding cor prationt. building dat Camden, N. J. West Virginia. 3:,(00 tons; Newiport. News Shipbuild ing company, building at Newport News, Va. South IlUlkota. 13,200 tons; New York navy yard, build ing at New York. Indiana, i.3,20.) tous; New York navy yard, building at New Yotrk. Monitala. 413,200 tons; Mare Island navy yard, building at Mare Isla. hd, al. Nortlh Carolina, i43,200 tons; Norfolk navy yard, build ing at Norfolk. Iowu, 43.20)) tlons: Newplort. News Shiplbuilding com p0,,'. builtine at Nowsvnort News. Va. Massachusetts, 43,200 tons; Bethlehem Shipbuilding corporation, building at. Quincy, Mass. Two of these ships will be built at the Philadel)phia navy yartd, two at New port News, one at Camden and one at the F re Hliver' shipbuilding plait. Contlratts had already been awarded some time ago for ten scoul cruisers with tonnage of' 71.000. but none of these ships are yet completed. Three of these are to be built by the Todd Dryduck & Constructiont company, Ta cotia, \ash.: two by the Betilehenm Shipbuilding cor potration. Fore Rliver, Quincy, Mass.. and five by \\m. Cr'amtp & Sons cotnpany, tuaking a totall of 7 1,000 tolls. The League of Nations will prevent war, earnestly declare its supportler". Against w\\hom or what, then, ar the the tremendous fighting nachines ntow\\ii process of construction to be used? Navies are more efficient instruments for foreign aggiession than armies, as our imperialists have learned from Britain and a. pwerl'ul niavy is in itself a confession of intent to wage war uponii buckward nations. As if to complete the vicious circle. Secretary of' \W\r Baker--- hailed as an anti-militarist by the milk-and-water liberals at the time of his appointment--is out with a demand for a standing army of 550,000 meti and 1 8,000 officers. Again we ask, against whom is this mighty military maclhine to be used? The answer conies readily. if' we will but remember that imperialism wages war not only abroad but at home; the life of imperialism depends upon keeping not only the wolkers of backward nations in subjection. but in subduing any re volts of the workers at headquarters. so to speak. Analyzed in the cold light of historical materialism, but otue interpretation of recent events is possible. Imperialism is in the saddle and militarism is to clear the way! "'ty their deeds'ye shall know them.' Although we would like to believe in the conversion of the ingenious Mr. Rockefeller to the creed of industrial democ racy. the memory of the slaughtered wives and children of the Ludlow miners constitutes an obstacle that we have not yet been able to overcome. -'-----~·i I '-Y) L _ - D St~ck i ,rr-·T·ivu, D :·~i':.:2:~.:-· ..:·iji~~j:t:;;;; :~:-.:::::: ".'.'.·'::::::::::: """ i~i:Iiil ··;.·;··.·· ····.';'-"' ·;· ···;::~r·:·-·~ ~ ~i~i~iii~iii~i '""~ .. "' ·.·.·:::::I'' '~ :~:i" ·.. ::r ~:i:: '::::''.'·.·:l.r;·:r ·..~. i:i:r:....·.;.;;':;.:.'..'........ :·: ~~.· .?; '' ::···· ·· ··:·; ·':-·.:··· .·. ··:.;·~.-;·. ·.. ··.·.·r~···; -· -······ *\: ''~"'' """"~' ii..,··.... 9 "'' ""' ····. ..·..~~::~1' ':-:::.~·· :~ ... .··~.·.'· ····' -·"··;·;::· ·'··.~··· :: :::::r:1: ~"-' ..·- ;..·...·.·,,,..::i....:.ji:i:::~~~~ .··I~·. (:i:::::: ~.....: ,..~ 8, u i:: .... :':. '' s~ ·' ......;.I ···~··.~·~·~·~~ii:~:~i:j ~;~:-:·:··· ;r ······· ""· ''"-' .·;·. ·:·~·-~; ········· :i ~ "'~ .i,.. ·. :. :;: :f~ ~: .. ~~:::--~: ... .·..~····:;r ·:: ·:::::::::~;: '' ·.· ·: :::1 i .····-'' ·"' ' ..·.··..I·.·:..·.,·'.· ~::L :" ··~;·r: :·:i:::n ""'·:r~~I·· ~~:11.·:;.::: ~~jiijjj :::i .· ····~ .~:.:. ii1,..~·:··· ··..;..1..; ·'·;··-· "·" ::· ··· :·:: .··~-·.··· 1~1. ····· ·· ~.-~;:ili::~i :- .::;;::i :-: ~:':''.....''"~:~;::;::"~::i:~-;: ..... i.. :::::Z·~'';' :: :::'~ ·.:r...·· ~~ ~i~·~ii~ii~ii;.~~i.:·; i:·-.. ··~·.'· ..... ::;.·.··:; ";'·i\~ ··· ::·:····· ~ :·f: INDIA IN REVOLT -Famine and Terrorism By ED. GAMMONS. There seems to be practically no doubt of the exist.ence,of a revolution in India. A provisional government has been established in Cabul, the capital of Afghanistan, according to Reuter's news agency, with Professor Barkatullah, formerly of the Tokio imperial university, as the leading member. The governments of both Afghanistan and Russia, the dispatch added, expressed their desire to help. On Aug. 25 in London, Sir Harring ton Verney Lovett, a former Indian official, warned the parliamentary committee in charge of the Montagu reform bill that "the Indian extrem ists are increasing rapidly and a strong lead from England is neces sary to protect from ruin both Brit ish and Indian interests." The causes of the revolution are: (1) the long and continued misgov ernment of India; (2) the enactment of the Rowlatt bills and the drastic punishment of the protesting Indi ans, and (3) Mahommedan dissatis raction arising out the dismember ment of the empire of Turkey and the provisions of the peace treaty. A few people, including Mrs. Annie Be-' sant, trot out the well-worn bogy 'bolshevik gold," but those in touch with the Indian situation find the cause of the enormous discontent rather in the burial grounds of In dia "literally swamped with corpses"' as the British official report stated it, in the wholesale public whippings and terrifying sentences of the courtsmartial and in the widespread terrorism practiced in every province of India by the British satrapy. Precipitate tevolution. The infamous Rowlatt bills, de priving an accused of the right of a ,rial by jury, of producing witnesses, of hiring legal defense, and legaliz ing torture, created a whirlwind of revolt. The Rowlatt commission, which framed these bills, stated that the discontent throughout India ne cessitated these ultra-restrictive measures. The real cause, careful ob servers state, was their fear thati 'There will, especially in the Punjab, be a large number of disbanded sol diers, among whom it may be pos sible to stir up discontent." These Indian soldiers, like the soldiers of many other nations, were told that ,he winning of the war meant "world wide democracy" and the government very wisely thought that the sight of 32 millions of graves of Indians, who starved to death in, ten months i whilst "India's exportation of cereals was maintained at an even higher level than in 1917-18 when she shipped abroad 5,400,000 tons," ac cording to the London Times, was a mighty poor demonstration of the working out of a benevolent democ racy! The epidemic of starvation suicides which recently occurred in India cannot be labeled discontent. And the whdlesale 'exportation of grain at the same time cannot fail to excite thought-kit least among the starving. The starving hundreds of millions of Indians are not and were not armed to the extent that they could take the field against Britain. Ac cording to the official figures of the British government in '1917 there was one firearm to every ten square miles, to one man in exery 1800 per sons and to every four villages or towns. The importation of firearms' is impossible. With British guns watching the passes in the north, naval guns covering the seaports. a "British sphere of influence" on one side (unfortunate Persia) and par titioned China on the other, there is no access to any friend. India is hemmed in. The only pos sible revolution is a national strike. That is about what is occurring. Hin du and Mahommedanuare united and are staying united 'despite every trick and maneuver of the common enemy. For British provocateurs des ecrate Hindu and Mahommedan tem lpies of worship in efforts to embroil these once warring factions. We will now examine the workings of the courtsmartial and the identity of their victims. Martial Law Brutalities. . The substitution of martial law for the common jurisprudence was an tCt of panic. The subsequent sen :aZce.. and unprovoked malsacre5 proved this. It was mass terrorism. It seemed as if the British govern ment considered that the Indian peo ple bad suffered the limit, that the disappearance of every hope of the amelioration of the country's coudi tion had driven home the fact that the continuance of British rule meant national extinction, and that only a display of ruthless force, with firing squads, aerial bombing and machine gun massacre, could avert a general revolution. That policy is in full sway, but it has only intensified the discontent and, as Lord Morley pre dicted nearly ten years ago, the drumhead courtmartial is "neither more nor less than a gigantic fail ur'e." In the Punjah the administration of martial law embraces everything. In Lahore everything comes within its purview. All the students of the local college must report four times a day to Lieut.-Col. Frank Johnson. Three local leaders were arrested and threatened with deportation for the offense of preparing a telegram of protest to be sent to the secretary of state for India in England. The local military satraps even go into the business of price-fixing. This innova tion has a two-fold effect. It allays economic discontent, occasioned by the exceedingly high prices, and it is fatal to the business of nationalist merchants, who participated in the satyagraha (passive resistance) pro -test against the enactment of the Rowlatt bills, thereby incurring the disapprobation of local officialdom Young boys playing tip-eat on the streets drew sentences of seven years. They were considered drilling in or der "to wage war against his majesty the emperor of India'" (George V. of England). In Lyalllpur the natives were commanded to descend from their elephants and all other modes of conveyances and salaam to "gazet ted European or civil military offi cers of his majesty's services." This 1 extraordinary' order was issued by: Lieut.-Col. C. S. Hodgson. One or: more Indians were transported for life for the offense of burning the effigy of a government detective. En raged natives beat an English woman school teacher in Amritsar. Seven were hanged for it and one sentenced to life imprisonment. Men were whipped into insensibility in the streets of Lahore for the most trivial offenases. Accused persons were de nied the right of choosing their coun sel, even the nominated counsel were forbidden to take notes of the evi dence and newdilaper men were rigid-I ly excluded. Machine Giis Mow Protestants:. The Amrilt'ur massacre last April enraged all India. The British com munique read: "This meeting was dispersed by a small force of Indian troops. The casualties were heavy." The, casualties were indeed heavy. After the machine guns finished, 1, 600, out of the 6,000 unarmed people attending the meeting, lay on the ground dead or wounded. On May 28, Secretary of State Montagu re-i ported in the house of commons that disturbances in the Punjab resulted in the deaths of eight European and 400 Indians. These two British re ports, one vague probably because ofi the heavy slaughter, and the other definite, are convincing proof that! the Indians are not responsible for! this saturnalia of blood and terror. It is difficult to get data on the num-i ber of all those killed by the British. Ruda Krishna, an editor in the Pun jab, was recently sentenced to four years' imprisonment for publishing native reports of the shooting downi of demonstrators in Delhi by the British on Satyagraha day, April 6. The native press is so completely under the thumb of the government that it is practically impossible to get any news from it. Since the estab-+ lishment of martial law in the Pun jab, 73 have been sentenced to death, 147 have received sentences of from ten years to life imprisonment, 204 have been sentenced to terms vary ing from six months to 14 years, 20 papers have been suppressed and-the; public floggings have been innum-' erable. The details of the Amritsur massacre hve, been gleaned by lift-! ing the -'ner.:* the curtain. What lies beyond is hidden by the censor. Imperianismi Mtr the war is the same as it was betbre the war, grasping, greedy, relenilss and ruthlesg.. It needs tloge:~ ¢ oors and censors to hide its cruelties and real character from a revolting world. Victims of Every Grade. Religious and, social reformers, captains of industry, bank managers, I, ,prletors and editors of newspa pers, college presidents and profes so'rs, barristers at law--all of those are represented in the victims of the latest attack on India. In Gujran wal, the Punjab, last April 20 of the most prominent citizens, including six barristers, were marched in irons through the principal streets on their way to jail. Instead of minimizing the discontent, this public degreda tion of the *best citizens of Gujran wala but incensed the populace and the result was wholesale arrests. The most prominent victim of the imperialistic terrorists in the Punjab was Lala Harkishan Lal, the leader of the constitutionalist party in that province for upwards of 20 years, and familiarly referred to as the Indian Napoleon of finance. He was active for many years in organizing native banks in opposition to British finan cial interests .and became a marked man in consequence. He has been transported for life to Andaman Is land penal colony for "waging war against his majesty the emperor of India," and all his property declared forfeited. His offense was keeping shops closed in protest against the enactment of the Rowlatt bills and feeding the poor who depended for provisions on the shops. Shankar Lal, secretary of the Delhi Home Rule league, an active news paper editor and prominent leader of the Swadeshi industrial move ment, has been arrested without war rant. Shankar Lal started many Swa deshi co-operative stores, despite the warnings of government officials, and will doubtless pay the price. Manohar Lal, during his term, car ried off the highest honors in Cam bridge university in economics. He is or (was) professor of political economy in the University of Cal cutta. He was seized without warrant and thrown into a cell, six feet by nine. His fate is unknowin. Kali Nath Roy, editor of the La hore Tribune, was sentenced to three years for telling the truth about the Rowlatt bills and the way England mdachine-gunned Indian protestants. A. vigorous agitation caused the re duction of the sentence to three months. Shahbaz Akhgar, editor of The Punjab, is ordered "to abstain from sending or receiving personally or through a third party, by post or by telegraph, or by hand or by any other means, direct or indirect, any writ ten communication, or other matter of like nature, to or from any per son, whether within India or without, until such communication shall have been seen by the deputy commission er.of this district." Such are the terrible criminals of this least criminal country in the world and such is the freedom of the press under the British flag in this year of the new "democracy.": If Prussianism means the murder of the unarmed, the coldly-calculated starvation to death of inoffensive millions, the utter negation .of de mocracy-then this military despot ism has but moved from beneath the Black Eagles of Prussia to the royal standard of Great Britain. india, unarmed physically, but with high resolve and unflinching soul, will not submit. The blood of the starving peasantry cries out to the world that might is not, and never will be, right, and that a new generation, undeceived by the de spoiling diplomacy of today, will set up new ideals and new standards of universal probity and peace. God speed that day. SELECT FEDERAL JURY. Impanelling of a grand jury to hear cases in federal court, began this morning when selection of the jurors was made from a list of. 65 veniremen. Following the selection of the jury, Judge George M. Bour quin was scheduled to hear motions and arguments on demurrers. Bulletin Wati Ai. G-t .-· ~~~i~-Rerlak Phon a -