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I Our Washington Letter I
Wahington, D. C.- -"The great lesson of the steel strike," says Basil M. Manly, formerly joint chairman of the war labor board, '"is that wherever state and municipal au ihorities have dealt fairly with labor t he strike has been a success, but wherover the public officials havc made themselves the tools of the steel trust thousands of workers have been 'intimidated into remain ing at work. '"The bald facts of the steel strike are tnat during all the preceding years the steel trust has realized the importance of electing public of ficials -who would do its bidd!ung: while labor has not had either the; intelligence or the interest to elect officials who would give them a squard deal." The same Working tment who are today being clubbed and shot down by the Pennsylvania state constabuary have year after year cast their ballots for the po litical tools of the steel trust. They have done this on the theory that politics was of no interest to the working man, so why not he a good fellow and vote the ticket which will please the precinct leader. "It made no difference which of the party tickets the workers voted for, because the steel trust had al ready been foxy enough and farset.. ing enough to ointrol the politicas machiiles of both parties and name its candidates on both party tickets. "After the tickets were framed up it, made no difference to the steel trust whether the workers voted for th democratic canlidates or the re. Dublican candidates. "If one-half of the money and en ergy that have been spent in unsuc cessful strikes in the United Stater in the last 30 years had been ex pended by labor in organizing fot political action, the workers today would be in a position where they would nito have to strike to secure fair coalditions. They would al'eady have them.". Myers Joins Tory Camp. senator Myers of Montana,. who was a strong advocate of the rights of labor when he first appeared iin congress, has followed Ashurst oi Arizona, Thomas of Colorado and other former Bryan democratic lead ers into the Tore caimp) established some y)ears since by Bailey of Texas. Myers was never a leadler, but he talked like a radical. Today he shouts and gesticulates the opposite brand of opinions. - II the senate the other day the Montana senator made a spleechl in which he dcenounced the steel strike, the Plumb plani of railroad control, the demands of the United 1i ue Workers, and the fact that the great majority of the postal employes are organized in trade unions. He weat particularly w rought up to wrath that the postael clerks, whose miser ably low wages -re about t.o be raised, might contribute ;some of their earnings to the suplport of the steel strikers. After revolving this thought in his mind, Senaitor Myers concluded that all federal employes ,of what ever class, should be compelled to cancel the affiliation of their organ izations with tihe American Feder ation of Labor or any other "higher" body of labor. Wood Outgeneraled. Politicians here are smiling over the sending of General Leonard Wood to occupy the strike zone with federal bayonets and machine guns They see in thi i move the official democratic method of killing off any The Progressive Shoe Shop For first-class Shoe Repairing. This is no second-hand cobbling shop. First-class work only. 1721 Harrison Ave. SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN SThe Men 's Style Store of Butte 29-31 WEST PARK STREET SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN **AND* SERVICE COMe(NeD WITH LOW PR(CES CAUSE PLEASINI1 REFLECIIO5S IUGHES' MILLINERY 649 UTAH AVE. - PHOOU SAW 35IN BULLETIN. SAY YOU SAW IT IN BULLETIN. is the time to exchange your fifty-dollar Liberty u .Bonds for fifty dollars worth of stock in the Butte Daily Bulletin. The fight for liberty, democracy, and all those beautiful things the statesmen have been mouthing about, has not been won "over here," and if you are interested in aiding in the fight, an investment in the FREE PRESS is the most effective assistance you can render. Hu. Possible Wood presidential boom.. Secretary Bakcr. himself a candi date for the democratic nomination permits Leonard Wood. a republican aspirant, to get full credit for break ing the steel strike. He knows that Wood enjoys showing his atuthority, and that for the .-,,ppression of meet-, ings, censorship of news and general cossack terrorism in Gary he has only to.give Leonard Wood sufficient rope, and Wood will conmit politi cal suicide: Baker knows. and none better, that he himself deserves as much credit as General Wood for the mili tary strikebreaking. But he har. only to deny any personal knowl edge of the details of Wood's acts, and presumably the working men of the country will acquit him. Mexican a\\'a Urged. The National Association for the Protection of American Rights in Mexico, which is trying to stir up a war against the Carranza govern ment of the soulhern republic, pub lishes the following as its executive S. Aic:;:nder. presidcnt of the National Bank of .Commerce, New York. Amos t,. Beatty, general counsel of the Texas company. George H. Carnahan. president. Inter-Continental Rulbber comopany. Edward L. Doheny, president, Pan-American Petroleum & Trans port company. WValter )Douglas., president, Monte zuma Copper company. C. F. Kelley, vicq-president Greene C'ananea Copper company. Thomas W'. Lament, member of firm of J. P. Morgan & Co. Charles H. Sabin, president, Guar. anty Trust company of New York. Chester O. Swain, general counsel. Standard Oil company of New Jersey. Frederic N. Watriss, counsel, Yaqui Delta Land & Water company. The kind of American rights in Mexico which are protected may be guessed from these officially pub lished titles. The manner of the pro tection is indicated in this, which the association's bulletin reprints from a Wilmington (Del.) paper: "To be compelled to thrash Mexico into submission by the full employ ment of our military and naval strength would be most regrettable but it is difficult to see how such a course can be honorably avoided. Amitbassador )inles Farmer. Charles H. Barrett, national head of the Farmers' union, took time oft from his (lutices as a member of the president's industrial conference, the other evening, to dine with Sir' Ed ward Grey, the temporary British ambassador. It seems that 3arrett, while he was in Europe last winter, arranged for an international congress of ag riculture to be held in Dublin. The British government is determined that Barrett shall move that coi gress away from ireland, where Sirt Horace Plunkett, high in anti' British councils, would be its lead. ing figure. That is the reason for Sthe British ambassador's paying for a meal for Barrett, and for good press notices of the event. Thus far Barrett has not an nounced any change in his plans. It he does anything it will probably be to cancel the whole affair. Packliers 'Uiding Women. One of tile late;;t packer lobbying schemes is called the women's na tional economy colimittee, at 23 West Seventeenth street, New York city. It is sending out circulars to women's club, urging women to solve the high cost of food by careful economy in their homes, and by writing letters, to congress opposing the Anderson-Kenyon bill for con trolling the profits of the meat pack ert's. A Ilusintess Legion. Stanley King, assistant to tile sec retary of war, authorizes and circu lates, at public expense, a nice long press story on the "Legion of Patri otic Employers," invented by Colonel Arthur Woods, who until recently was in charge of securing jobs for discharged veterans. This legion is to consist of those enmployers who have received, upon their own request, the "Official Citation." This, according to King, is "a handsome document inscribed with the seal of the United States and engrossed in the name of those enmployers who put themselves down in writing as having agreed to 'gladly re-employ everybody who formerly worked with them and left to serve in the armly or navy in thf great war.' " Up to date, over 27,000 employer4 have received the.e official citations for re-employing their former work, ers. One of them wrote the de partment that: "We realize that with the coming years such a docu Ient will not only be of great mora .value to our business, but will pos se'-s an advertising advantage that will be of estimable benefit." No requirements are made as tt Iwages, conditions or any of the fun damental rights of the workers it the affair.: Willingness to offer jobs at the emplOyers' own terms, is suf ficient proof of distinguished patri otism. The. steel trust and the cop per trust are eligible. SAY YOU SAW iT TN BULLETID The A. B. C. of the Plumb Plan What is the Plumb Pilan It is a plan for the public ownership and'tlhe denocre(, ,a the control of the railroads. Who Has Endorsed it? The two million organized railroad employes of Amorica a;rnd the Amer ican Federation of Labor, approving the principle of gov.rnliment owner ,hip, has instructled its executive committee to co-operate ci!sh the officers of the railroad internalionals in their effort. It also has Ir,.n endorsed by c;everal farmers' organizations. How Does It Propose to Buy the Roads? By issuing government bonds with which to pay for the legitimate pri vate interests in the railroad indu!stry. How Does It Propose to Operate the Roads? TIy a board of 15 directors, five named by the presidlt, to represent 'he public: five lhected by the operatieg officers; five elecnt,,, by the classi fied employcs. Does This Mean Government Operation? No; it ib coperation by a board in which those having tihe responsibility hiave also the authority. It is superior to government opceration because it )revents control by an inefficient bureatucracy; and is true deliocracy since it gives the men engaged in the industry a voice in Its nmani:gemneslt. What Becomes of the Surplus? After operating expelnses are paid, and fixed charges are met, including ,he interest on outstanding government securities, tihe surplus is divided qnually between the governinent and the men.: The employes' portion is to be divided between the nianagerial and classified eniplolecs, the former receiving double the rate received by the latter class. ihis is not a profit. :ince the corporation has no capital. What tihe men receive is a dividend .n efficiency. Is This a Bonus System? No, it is giving those who increase production a share of the results their increased effort has produced;. and this share is theirs for as long as they are actually in the service, and is not forfeitable. Why Do Operating Officials Receive the Larger Rate of Dividend. Because it serves as a greater stimulus to the group with the most re -ponsibility. And since the operating officials would lose dividends if wages were increased it acts automatically to prevent collusion between labor directors and the operating directors to outvote the public's directors i: raising wages beyond a reasonable level. The chief argument against the plan is that the public loses control of its own property, and that the imen in charge cannot be prevented from combining to pay themselves ex tortionate wages. This method of sharing dividends sets up a natural bar rier against collusion. Is This the Only Protection for the Public? No, the rate-making power remains with the interstate commerce com mission, and- if wages were raised so high that rates- had to be increased. the commission could refuse to change them, and shippers might appeal to the courts for redress. If the operation by the directors results in a de ficit, congress can revoke their charter. Does This Difference in Dividends Create Hostility Between Officials and Men? No, because' without harmony between themn neither group can earn dividends. An official in working for his own dividend is working for the dividend of his subordinates, for one cannot gain unless all gain. Does the Plan Assure a Decrease in .Rates? It provides that when the government's share of the surplus is 5 per cent or more of the gross operating revenue, rates shall be reduced accord ingly to absorb the amount the government receives. For instance: If the entfre su.rplus-one year is $500,000.000, and this is 10 per cent of the gioss operating revenue, the government receives $250,000,000. And be cause this is 5 per cent, rates are decreased 5 per cent. See what follows: Without new economies or new business the profits the next year would be only $250.000,000, and the employes and the government would re p.ive only half the amount of the year before. But decreased rates mean dore business; and, also, the reduction in dividends would stimulate the employes to improve their operation by applying better methods. So the tendency is to assure constantly decreasing rates, to add to the volume of business, and to give the most efficient service human ingenuity and de votion can provide. Decreased rates mean cheaper commodities; and so. through, the effectiveness of the railroads, the purchasing power of money is ictereased,: not only for the. railroad man, but for every wage earner and every purchaser. What Does the Government Do With its Share of the Surplus? It invests it in improvements and extensions, thus adding to the value of the railroads without adding to the fixed charges. It retires the out standing bonds, thus reducing the fixed charges. Ultimately the public his its railroad service at cost. Does the Government Pay for All Extensions. No, the community benefited must pay if it can; if it is able to pay all, the building-of the extension is obligatory. If it only pays part, the gov erinment pays the remainder, but only makes the extension as it deems wise. And where the general public and not a local community would be benefited, the government pays the whole bill. How Are Disputes Between Officials and Men Adjusted? By boards, to which the operating officials elect five members and the men, five members. In case of failure, to reach an adjustment, the case is a.pealed tb the directors. Who Determines the Rate of Wages? The board of directors. Who Supervises the Purchase of the Roads? A purchasing board, composed of the interstate commerce conumissiom: and three directors of the new government corporation, one director from each group. ' Who Decides the Vaiue of the Private Interest in the Railroads? The courts. It is a judicial question, and is to be answered only after an examination of the charters of the existing companies, the laws under which they were created, and the manner in which the company has lived up to its charter and these laws. Will the Public Have to Pay for Watered Stock? No. The public will probably pay less than two-thirds of what the rail roads claim as their value. Are There Other Savings? Yes, the public can obtain the money to purchase the lines at 4 per cent, whereas the public is now charged rates to guarantee the roads 6 ,, per cent on their money. The saving on the present capital account of the railroads would be about $400,000,000. and on an honest valuation Iwould be nearly twice this sum. The Plumb plan provides for a sinking I und and every year one of the fixed charges would be 1 per cent of the outstanding indebtedness, to be used in retiring the bonds. The govern mient also uses its profits in retiring bonds, so eventually, probably in 50 years, the people would own the roads debt-free. A further saving would be in the operation of the roads as a unified system, which permits the interchange of equipment, the end of wasteful competition, and greater economy in buying supplies. Under this plan passenger rates of 11 cents a mile, and a reduction of frieght rates by 40 per cent appear reasonable. Why Is It Called the Plumb Plan? Because it was conceived by Glenn E. Plumb, general counsel for the Organized Railway Employes of America. What Can You Do to Help its Realization? Join the Plum Plan league (lodge membership, $10 a year; individual ,membership, $1, payable to Treasurer, Plumb Plan League, 447-453 Mun ,-ey Bldg., Washington), talk with your friends, and write your congress tman. It is the only association to secure public ownership that has the endorsement of the organized railroad employes. Who Is Eligible to the League? Every one who believes that democracy in industry is the solution of the railroad problem. MONBOE SC HOOL KIlDIES "OVER THE TOP" FOR CROSS The Juni.r Ifed Cross members of the .Monrulo school, in their cam paign for funds, went "over the top" yesterday when they turned in the sum of $125. The school consists of 500 pupil.s au(d they are very much delighted t, beh the first to turn in their funds. The Red Cross associa tion had offered a banner to the School comijni in first as a reward for their effor'.. 'Bulletin Want Ads Get Result. Phone 52. 'Organizer Of National Woman's Party I Miss Vivian Pierce, National or ganizer of the National Woman's party. Miss Pierce was one of the famous pickets that picketed the White House. She is the editor of the National Suffrage magazine published in Washington. Today's Anniversary. I The Treat' of Westphalia. In th e quaint and elaboratelyona or wonted rathhus (town 11.1ll of \liuns nizer in We the aonal Wcelebrated paraty of Westphalia was igne o that ended the Thirly Years' War. These dolamos picketng wars had gpikoweted out othe the RIeformiati.n. They sproad froth! onite endHouse She t he editorh o i They left the land in disaster and desolaion. uAnnit the art of ar hay. gained--ald this principally by the genius of Glutavus Adollphuls of Sweden. The "Peace of \VesIphalia." as i ins calletd, was signed. in lit . were t confirlned; Alsace was ceded to lFralnce; Swiedell received Polln .rniatl, (Bremenll, and 1,750,000. :Must tl equalizing t C1 ot i ver proceed Gililled-l--alld til i ]rinci pals d by till ovgelr a carp f t G nll's slllls.? Why did I1lo "Peace of eVesllt phlia'i" lee into othlller warsiI NEEDED BADLY to carry on the defense of the Bulletin staff in the courts. Two members cf the staff have been fined a total of $9,500, on charges of sedition, charges which were the direct result of the effort of the corrupt political machine in Montana to put a free press out of business. The cases have been appealed to the State Supreme Court. It requires money to fight - these cases through the various courts; it takes money for traveling expenses, etc., for transcripts of evidence and ste nographers' hire. None of the money goes to pay lawyers' fees, the lawyers engaged in the cases not only having donat ed their services, but actually paying their own expenses. The fines imposed and the expenses of fighting the cases through the courts, are the result of the Bulletin Staff keep ing the Bulletin alive, despite the order issued by the copper interests-and if you believe the Bulletin has been of ser vice to the cause of labor and the honest element generally, you should help defray the expenses incident to the fight for a FREE PRESS by contributing according to your means. The need for funds is imperative and you should not delay sending in your contributions. Names of donors to the Free Press Defense Fund will not be pub lished unless by special request, for obvious reasons, but receipts will be given or forwarded by mail. FREE PRESS DEFENSE FU ND 101 8. IDAHO BUTTE, MONT. KER MODES:i I i TH"E :;T PLACE IN TOWN TO GET BETTER GRO CERSES FOR LESS MONEY. \ l I Il i( s. : lt,. '25 0I .' ----. - - - - -.. .... ... . . .2 5C I -- - --i le . - - -... -..... . .$3.50 xI.;sitI ' :,.;ii,"Y" '(lc y, oI lit' - -illt- ....... ......... ............ 1 5 S; . e l ... . ........ ..... ......*.... . 15C ll e , o ' .......p ... 40c We d.iivcr free of charge anywhere in the city and make good anything that is not right. PHONE 727. PARK APAD ARIZONA STS. -\Y -- -A I I -- - LI-I--------------.N.. x.\1 VI t Ili N\ 'IT IN TIIIHE 1iTI IDOONER'S JURY FINDS TIO MINERS ARE DEAD 7Tih t 0oronl ' s Jury iail(:iing iliilo h i' Ideath of Jerry C. hltlhnl it ; oulh'|1i a1nd John Sm\et,, Whost bodic:. Milre W rtl. i od tl to pillp a ihlel hie n, re I rccipitt ed GIst ( foit to he :-Utl'! ill tht E nd I 'olu mithin.' vhilen a hoishing (ale)h, brolkt. fon' t tat thiii ion leere killed whil,' wr iorn uing their d,'tl as ,.tltioa tend ers. n.nd (hat no other Rtc..onn:ibility at.ltact d. IN BUTTE CHURCHES The delegates of iutto Womanl' Christianl Tetpran'e Union to the staoi convetntionl will give their re portlsa s t regular semli-onlOthly pll lic is cordially invitod and every, ' 1 nmember is requested to ht? present. SUPPLIES ORDERED TWO MONTHS 100 ARRIllE The grocol'ies, ordered t!hlrough the federalt l ostolfl'ice when the United States goverinmnltlll was selling out its :lurllSt stol .lc ltefl o(ver fromnl lhte a'iny Murphy's Money Back Store 65 FAST PARK ST. COLD WEATHER S CLOTHES --Heavy wool sox. -Heavy wool underwear. -Heavy wool shirts. -Heavy wool mackinaws. CHEAP. -Suits to -ieasure. -Uncalled-for suits pnd overcoats. Lowest Prices in Butte. SEE WINDOW DISPLAY. MURPHY'S suapplies whein the war closed, are now arriving in Butte. About $4,000 wortlh was ordered by Butte people. 'Thie s'tol: is being stored in the base me.t of the Federal building as it arrives. It will bie distributed to the individu:ll purchasers as soon as the iostoffice force can get to it.