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BRITISH ADMIT OVIE.1 VIC TO
TELEPHONES WE PREACH THE CLASS STRUGGLE IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WO KERS AS A CLASS SU R N Business Office- 52...... 5 E..ditorial Rooms..... 292 Ons l Three ots .( ubmcriberltl Ul a is,. Six Mont s.___. 5.00T or by lling 'GS2 ,Whe Payer is Not Delivered. OeYa......95 -oL ...... T" 414. . _UT''I MONTANA. VEINE AY, IMUV 31N, 419.0) Fair and colder. PRICE FIVE CEN VOL- ,,,% No. .....--- PR1J "ESSIVES IN CONTROL OF STATE FEDERATION GIGANTIC TRANSPORTATION TRUST IS PLANNED BY BIG OIL AND MONEYED GROUPS (Special to The Bulletin.) Washington, Dec. 31.-News of a gigantic plan for the merging of portions of several railroad systems into one great trans-continental line that would connect New York and Baltimore on the Atlantic coast with San Francisco on the Pacific, by way of Pittsburg, Chicago, Omaha and Ogden, has reached Washington. John D. Rockefeller and affiliated capitalists are said to be back of the plan, which would provide for one hnuge transportation artery across the con t inent, the other lines to act as feed ters. It is said the plan was first contemplated by the late E. H. Harri mIlal, who died before it could be colnsulllatcd. Undeir the mlerger plan, according to advices received here, a, number off the less inlportant competitive 1roads would be permitted to gil bank rupt and quit operations. Eventually, it is saidt, the plan would make the Ilockerfeller and allied interests ab solute controllers of the trans-conti entall transportation business. I:nder the tlinls of a clause in the Cuiinnins bill, suchll mergers as the one nlow in contemplation are plro-! hibited. Although this clause was inm the bill as passed by the senate, there; are few who believe it will be in chided in the final railroad bill asi passed by y both houses of congress,! practically every one believing the clause was inserted merely for trad ing purposes. "DOUBLE UP" TO "SAVE EXPENSE," SAYS BROKERH' Chicago. Dec. 31.--"There's noth- I ing to it. We simply used the same room to save expenses." asserted W. 1 IH. Smith, said to he a wealthy broker of Faith, S. D., when arrest ed in a Chicago hotel where he was i found in the same bedroQm with ! Miss Gladys Ehlers, 33, said to be his bookkeeper. Smith also ist charged with passing worthless i checks. I MILLION AND HALF KILLED. Berlin, Dec. ,I1.-Statistics made i public by the government show that the number of Germans who died in I battle on all fronts during the world t war totaled 1,500,000. These fig oires do not include those who died i of disease or in prison camps. BANK ROBBERS i STEAL HUGE AMOUNT (Special United Press Wire.) Omaha, Dec. 31.-Six armed balsditts robbed the Farmers and Mlerchants National bank at Ben son, a suburb, at 10:30 this morn iig and got away with between $90,000 and $100,000 in liberty bonds and $15,000 in cash. The robbers forced eight cus tomuers and four clerks into a vault, systematically looted the bank and escaped in a touring car. Wilkeson Mine in Washington im ~,i. To Be Subject of U. S. Probe (Special to the Bulletin.) Seattle,.Dec. 31.-A second state wide strike of coal miners may be averted by action of the government and its coal commission, which is r-cheduled to meet in Washington, p. C., Monday. Among the first things the com mission will do, according to a tele gram received by Robert H. Harlin. president of District No. 10, from United States Attorney General 1Palmer late Saturday. will be to look into- the case of the Wilkeson Coal & Coke company and its al leged defiance of the government coal strike settlement. The district officers, President Harlin and Secretary Ernest New shaw, visited Wilkeson Sunday and informed a mass meeting of the 125 WILL EXPEl jri TURKS TO ASIA Dream of Christians for Cen turies to Be Realized. Ex pect Germans to Sign Protocol at Once. (Special United Press Wire.) Paris, Dec. 31.--The peace proto col probably will be signed in time to declare the treaty of peace with Ger many effective between Jan. 7 and 10, it was stated semi-officially. It 'will become effective when formal rattifications are exchanged. This is expected to occur im'nmediately after the protocol is signed. The latest optimistic hope is based on information secured from Kurt 'Von Lersner, head of the German !delegation here., intimating that Ger- I many will accept the allied demand 1 for the signature of the protocol without specific agreement to reduce the allied demand for 400.000 tons '!of German marine material in ex change for the sinking of the German Sfleet at Scapa Flow. The German delegates demanded, however, that the allies put into writ ing the promise made to them by t Secretary Dutasta of the peace con tference, that the allies will reduce 1 their marine demands if Germany is able to establish that she has less 1 tonliage than is now estimated by the allies. The newspaper, Le Martin, said an! agreement had been reached in Lon don to expel Turkey from Europe.! The Ottaiman capital, the newspaper said, will be transferred either to! Brusa or Konieh in Asia. i[ " Final expulsion of the Turks from Europe, if accomplished, will fulfill the Christian dream of centuries. Brusa, mentioned as the possible seat of the new Turkey, is the capital of Vula Khlodavan. Konieh, recently re-i ported as the hotbed of a Turkishl nationalist movement, is the capital of Vula Konieh. JUDGE O'HARA IS DEAD. Chicago, Dec. 31.-Former Judge Thomas O'Hara, under the second Cleveland administration, special en-' voy sent to Central America toi straighten out the difficulties be twcn the United States and Great Britain over the Mosquito coast of Nicaragua, died here late yesterday. He was 63 years of age. locked-out union miners there of the later turn of events. Unrest of the miners in other, fields of the state is reaching the breaking point over the Wilkeson situation but, according to the dis trict officers, every effort will be: made to keep from a second state wide strike until the presidential commission has had a reasonable: time to act. If the commission fails to act in compelling the Wilkeson company to live up to the settlement terms, the matter will be taken before the re-convened convention of the United Mine Workers in Columbus, O., Jan. 5, Harlin and Newshaw declare. Harlin .and Samuel Caddy, interna tional-executive board member from this district, will leave for Columbus New' Year's day.. Donoghue and Partelow Step Out and Ely and Taylor Step in The passing of the old reactionary control of the Montana State Feder ation and the birth of the new order with the progressive memnbership in control, was signalized today when 1M. M. Donoghue stepped down and out of the presidency of the organ ization in favor of Stephen Ely of Sand Coulee, and Cscar M. Par telow, relinquished the duties of[ secretary to John L. Taylor of Le Shigh. Both President Ely and Secretary Taylor were selected without opposi tion by the rank and file of the state federation at the election held in September. Donoghue and Par telow had previously announced themselves as candidates for re-elec tion, but a few days prior to the ielection, withdrew Iheir candidacies. SPr esident Ely was expected to ar rive fronm the east this afternoon in time to be sworn in. Secretary Tay lor arrived yesterday and this after noon took the obligations of secre stary and immediatel y assumned the duties of his office. In line with the announcements Ford's Sleuths Cause Abatement Proceedings Against 20 Places FOES OF PRIMARY BUSY IN HELENA COURT Helena, Dec. 31.--Arginnents are being heard before Judge 1V. II. Poorman, inl the district couirt today on the application of Sa:ml (Goodman, lHelena business man, Sfo' all injuntlion Ilo restraill -Secretary of State Charles T. Stewarl from receiving and fil 1 ig petitions seeking to refer the presidentiial primary act and the new primarylll election law, which was passed by the last special session of the legislative assembly. Henry C. Smith, former as sociate justice of thie Montana supreme court, is making the arguments in favor of the appli cation and Frank WVoody, assist ant attorney general, is present S inr the argulnlents tagainst it. ing the agumlens agaitg . i u. I ITHREE SURIMORS' OF VAN DRIEL teLANDED All the Rest of Crew of 29 Lost in Wreck at Entrance to St. Mary's Bay, New Fou'ndland. St. Johns, N. F., Dec. 31.- -After ;spending two days and nights cling f ing to the wreck of the steamer An ton Van Dreil, three men, sole sur vivors of the crew, were brought into port late yesterday by the steamer Ingraham. The Van Dreil went on-the rocks at the entrance to St. Mary's bay, !off Cape Schotts, during a severe storm Smnday night. All but five of the 29 members of the crew were Swshed away by the heavy waves on e the first night of the disaster. The five continued to hang on to their "r precarious perches in the wave we ashed rigging until yesterday two " of these, numbed by the cold and j- weakened by exhaustion and hunger, e slipped from the hulk into the water 'e- and were drowned. BODIES ARE ELUSIVE. n (Special United Press Wire.) ny St. Johns, N. F., Dec. 31.-Twen 8, ty-two bodies oL victims of the be wreck of the Dutch steamer Anton ed Van Driel are washing along the on. shores of St. Mary's bay. They are re. first swept ashore ost the crests of ta- giant coms g ,and then carried out an to sea, but always are out of reach us of boats. Only four bodies have been rcovered so far. previously mnade, 1he headquarters 1 of the state federation will be moved within the next few plays to Helena from Butte. Immnaediately after as suming office Secretary Taylor be AS USUAL, MINER PREVARICATES IN STORY lohn L. TPIaylo, new s((ecretary of the state Federatihan of(tla (bor, todaly . mpnlihatically denliedl tihe truthl of statements imputed to hilm in this morning's Miner with reference to Satmuel Golm peLs, pre)ideC t .of the Admericatl .(Crati lzou of ia @or. "1 w.as slacid by the Mineri to be `n aordent atdmirer of S~t11 (Continued on Page Three.) As tlhe result of investigations which hbv\e been in progress iOn Butte during November and December by three special investigators in thes oemploy, it is said, of Attorney Gen oral Ford, abatement proceedingsi were started in district court late this afternoon against 20 cstablish inen s. in which, it is alleged liquor was sold or gambling permitted. In omlle of the(! castes, f is oalleged that both ganlbling and liquor were on tap. 'le albatemelllntlll proceedinigs were instituted by County Attorney Nick hRotering on behalf of the state. It was ascertained at the county attor _oy's orfice that criminal proceed ings against the persons itamed in thi. copluillints as having actually sold liquor or perlnitted gamnblirng in their establishmentls, would be filed lat r'. All of the evidence oii' which the county attorney based his proceedl ings for abatementi against the 20 :itablishtients was collected by thile secret operati. es of the attorney gen oral, it is stated. The three detec tives, it ii, said, spent the greater part of the time during thei last two (Continued on Page Two.)' [ (Continnud on Page Two.) SOLDIERlS DESETI RATHER THAN SCAB Startling Figures in Wash ington Papers Show Why Men Take French Leave From Army. VWashington, Dec. 31. - Since ltarch I over 8,000 Americain soldiers: have deserted - one every -10 ninutes --and only 700 hatve bteenl located aInd placed un der arrest. 'Thllis is the startling fact puhlibhedl by the Washing ton l';ot. To these figures should be added the desertions front the navy, officiall) given at 5,000. , Among the reasons cited by the WashVington Post for this f state of affairs, the following is particularhly interesting. 2 "A third reason, it is said, is that somlle men (ldid not like to r be forced to fight against their S own peop"l ill the United States. o lSome so!:liers were glad to en tl list for Siberia, to be out of the way of tsuch coercion of their own rela.Iiv:es at home." Other treasoi s'l cited are the gen eral unrest , prevailing through out the lolltlry and the fact that Sno incre's' ill pay has as yet been advanced. - The Post. fears the effects of 1e these desertions upon the gen an eral attitulde toward the military te estb'iitlaent of this country: "e "What is principally feared is 1f that those uncaught will spread it their reasons, right or wrong, for :h 'desertion. anld that the effect ie mill not lhe to the advantage of r, N31,uit is f :."' gan the work of packing up the of fects of the office preparatoory to shipping thu to t the state capital. cBoth President Ely and Secretary Taylor are members of the United Mine WVorkers of America, the forllmer being a llt ember of local union No. 20220 at Sandl Coulee, while Secretary Taylor is a mellber of local union 703 at Lehigh. B3oth the new executives of the state's central labor organization are wide ly known for their plogressive ten dencies and a1n untusually success ful administration is promised them. One of the first results of the new regime, it. is said by members of or ganized labor generally, will be the return to the stlte federation fold of a numhber of un1ion organizatioins which had withdrawn because of dis eatislaction with the reactionary policies of the retiring officers. It is expected that before long every union in th stte stte will become af filiated with the Montana State Fed eration as the result of the pro gressive policies to be inaugurated by Messrs. Ely andu Taylor. BERGER IS GIVEN OVATION IN CHICAGO Chicago, Dec. 31.---A tre1nendous crowd welcomed Congressnman Vic tor lihr.ger of Milwaukeeo last nighl. at a reception tedered ill his honori here. In an add!ress, Congressmanl Berger declared his recent re-elec tion to congress after ho had once been dolenied a seat by congress, was a vindication of the charges that he was a seditionist. H'e asserted tlhat should congress again refuse to seat himn, hie would be elected by an even larger majority at a third election. Mr. Berger also asserted that Presi dent Wilson had repeated in Septem ber, 1919, what Berger had stated in 1917, that "the war was a capitalists' war," and that although Wilson was hurrahed for his statement. he1( Berg er) Was sentenced to serve 20 years in prison by Federal Judge Landis. a oe r o ILL CAMPBELL ESSAYS ROLE i: OF SEER PerCentage Loyalist Almost Makes Good on Prediction ' as Forteller of Court's Action. Williaml Aloysius Campbell, edi tar of the Helena "Independent," founder and receiving teller of the Montana Loyally (?) League, mem b1r of the late unlamented State Council of Pretense, finding a few spare moments not required in pur suit of the "kale," has essayel a new The chinless disciple of Horace Creeley, always willing to take a chance, particularly a chance in volving profit and no loss, has launched forth as a prophet, or seer. VWebster's unabridged says of a Sprophet: "In scripture, a religious' teacher inspired or instructed byi God to announce future events. under the divine will, etc." The saame authority defines a seer as; "One wh@ se;es; an onlooker; a fore-i seer; one who foretells." Being familiar with the character istics of the gentleman who uses the percentage system at the intake win dow in measuring the loyalty of his tellow citizens, we are inclined to absolve himn of any intention to pose as one operating "under the divine will." But as a seer-"one who sees"-we know of no reason why Fellow Worker Ctampblinil"v w a little more practice; should:- not (Continued on Page Three.) DENIKINE FORCES TO TAKE REFUGE ON WARSHIP WHILE KOLCHAK'S ARMIES SCATTER (Special United Press Wire.) London, Dec. 31.-General Denikine's south Russian anti-bolsheviki forces have been split in two sections by the attacking Red armies, according to a Zurich dis patch. One section is reported to be retreating toward Odessa and the other falling back rapidly toward the ter ritory of the Don. The dispatch added that Denikine's headquarters, last SENATE NOW' SPLIT ON Is ART. 10 So Efforts at Compromise Over America's Obligation to I Help Foreign Nations All!u I Meet With Failure. (Special United Press Wire.) Washington. L)ec. 31.---Differen ces over article 10 of the league of nations covenant threatens the de-I Tfet of all efforts to compronise the g question, the mild reservationists 1r assirted. Although a half dozen sets tI of comlpromise proposals have been d written both by republicans and dem- 1 ocrats, not one so far has bridged t t he differences on thls article. r ,! The principle difference is said I to be President Wilson and those I who agree with his constructionl and proceed l)upon the assumptioll that S.article 10 puts a moral obligation upon the United States to help pre 0 vent external aggression against any I member nation of the league. Son it ator Lodge and the mild reservation Ti ists decline to accept the blanket obligations of the article. - The nearest approach to recon - ciling these views has been made by n Senator King of Utah, who draft ' ed a set of reservations which he is iS now submitting to senators for com g- ment. They provide that whatever rs obligation may exist shall not be cone. binding until congress so deter = mines. His reservations neither deny nor admit the existance of the ob ligations. but gives congress the power to decide whether there is I one and how it shall be met. The mild reservationists refuse to accept King's proposal and declare it will not do. The republican reser vationists all insist that the reser vations must make it clear that a general obligation is not accepted. TO GO TO MICHI(GAN. Minneapolis, Dec. 31.--Marion L.I lBurton, president of the University ot of Minnesota,. has resigned to accept t the presidency of the University ofj n Michigan, according to an official announcement of the board of re ;gents. He will assume his new ditties July 1, it is stated. !LAGUAIIRDIA GETS NEW JO1B. di New York, ,Dec. 31.-Representa Il tive F. H. Laguardia has forwarded his resignation as congressman to as Governor Smith. He will be sworni ite as president of the New York ...oard of aldermen tomorrow. Private Revolution in Mexico Advocated by Oil Land Grafter W\ashington, Dec. 31.--If oil men would finance a private army, start a revolution in Mexico and take over the oil fields in that country it would be a good business propo sition, according to William F. Buckley, real estate and oil lease I broker of Mexico City and New York 1city, testifying before a senate corn i ittee. i Mr. Buckley does not like the Mexican constitution which provides that "only Mexicans by birth or naturalization and Mexican corpor ations have the right to acquire the property of lands and waters and their accessions, or to obtain- con cessions for the exploitation of mines, waters or combustible miner als in the republic of Mexico." The constitution further provides' that foreigners may be given the reported at Tagonrog, hlad been shift ed to a warship at sea in the sea of Azov. Advices received here by the w.ar office confirm the press dispatches rilating to the widespread success of the present bolsheviki offensive. Denikine's retreat now covers 300 miles from the farthest northwaid point reached in its sensational dash toward Moscow. Much of the equipment and war material previously furnished Dent kine by the allies has been captured by Trotsky's soldiers, the British var office admitted. The Reds' booty in celuded many locomotives, cars s.a* other railway equipment. IThe war office repotrts indicate that I olchak has virtually ceased to lie na factor in the Itus ian resistance against the bolsheltiki. 'Tlhe ed a. - mlies have scattered his troops s4 his government has been forced to evacuate its second capital at Omnsk. WANT TRUTH CONCEALED. (By United Press.) London, Dec. 31.-The British government refused to issue pass ports to a committee of British la borites appointed to ihvestigate con ditions in soviet Russia. it has been learned. The refusal was based on tile ground that Great Britain has no diplomatic relations with soviet Russia, hence cannot issue passports. 1OOLIDGI[ DOESN'I LIKE PLAYING SECONO FIDLEG Pierre, S. D., Dec. 31.-Governor Coolidge of Massachusetts, while he .may have aspirations to fill the president's chair, does not relish the idea of committing political suicide by running for the vice presidency. In a communication received here - last night. it was learned that Coo- lidge does not desire his name to - be considered for endorsement for vice president at the March primar i les. I---I -=--. CUBA AN UP-TO DATE NATION NOW. Havana, Cuba, Dec. 31.-Pris oners from the penitentiary will be used today as strike breakers by the Cuban governmcnt as the result of a walkout of the mein bers of the Federated Harbor unions here last night. The strike was called afted dema.nds" for wage increases of from 0O to 40 per. cent had been refused. I. right to acquire these properties, if they agree to be regarded as Me' cans in respect to said property, add to not invoke their governient: to assist them in any dispute that n.ti erise between them and. Mexido. This means that if an Amerhia wants to exploit Mexican reso.tor~ he must agree to accept coAditlioi8 and laws 'that Mexichn exploiters try cept. Mr. Buckley said Caa is co fiscating property unddbr thei nW4 Mexican constitution ewicb al gated a former law that~ oil companies frofm taR~aio witness Insists that lty Sat.tO tax exploiters of 0~tiuri eu in the face of t1 law, i.w - terated bolshevisl and b. S (Continue on ae.