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CANDIDATE FOR SDISTRICT.. . •, Dertiomatic Ti et LEAGUE And ,if :nominated and elected I will ,dminlister the laws fairly and irm .par..lply, wLtgo.ut favpr to any special Interest, however powerful or Do ftw)r influential. r r (Paid Political Advertisement.) Rail Workers Dissatisfied While the transportation brother hoods have accepted the wage .ward, they do so with many reservations. One of them is that an immediate demand will be made for another hearing upon a new wage schedule -that will be presented to the. labor board. Patient until .patience has ceased to be a virtue, the 2,000,0.00 railroad ,workers cannot reasonably be ex pected to continue in a losing busi ness, especially since a pliant con gress has guaranteed a return of 6 per cent on investment. Labor is entitled to just as much considera tion as are stockholders. It has a moral right to present its new de mands and to insist that they have early and favorable consideration, and the inability of the railroads to grant them will be a test of the effi ciency of private management. 'Industry that cannot maintain a living wage rate "for its workers should perish. An underpaid and underfed citizenship is not a good thing for any country. If the rail roads will not meet an obligation that is impelling as well as impera tive, it will be necessary for congress to intervene and provide a method whereby the wokers can be certain of fair dealing and an opportunity to develop and maintain American standards. Hundreds of" thousands of' rail road workers, With the recent in crease of Wages, will still struggle under a wage below the subsistence level. It is established by various agencies operating independently that at least $2,000 per year is the mII EIuIIEIIIIaIEE. IHI..uE u uEI . .EuEIIII II IIIIIE.m I!uIIBBIdlIIII BII I WHAT OTHERS SAY ABOUT S"TO LAUGH THAT WE MAY NOT WEEP" "Good Morning," Art Young, the best-.known cartoonist on the American conti nent, is producing a magazine which carries the above name and his cartoons at the same time. Get it.-From One Big Union Bulletin, Winnipeg, Canada. Art Young, the famous cartoonist, who edits "GOOD MORNING," a New York com ic magazine misjudged the New York postal authorities. He thought they had a sense of humor and his May 1st issue of "GOOD MORNING" was temporarily barred I from the mails as a result.-From The New Majority, Chicago. Art Young has come back. On May 1st with Volume Np. 2, he again says FOOD MORNING to all the rebel folks who have a sense of humor. Dodge the "red squad" and buy a copy of your news stand. You will then want to subscithe regiilarly. From the Forge, Seattle, Wash. Ohe of the strongest cartoonists, as regards forceful drawing, in this or any other country, is Arthur Young. Young Mr. Arthur Young thinks that everything in the world is wrong aiid knows that he could fix it, if, people would let him make the world over. He runs a bi monthly called "GOOD MORNING," a radical E publicEtion to put it mildly.-Evening Journal, New York. S GOOD MORNING, edited by that rebel artist, Art Young, has emerged stronger than ever. We strongly commend it to our readers.-Fellow Worker, New York. I WE COULp FILL A BOOK WITH EDITORIAL .OMhMENT SUT "OOD iMORNING," BUT THE PORTENTS OF THE ,M. AZIINE MiUST AE _$EEN TQO -GE AI P '` , "GOOD MORNING" IS THE MOST FEARSLES HARD HIT.. I r -TINaQ, PICTORIAL MAGAZINE OF HJUMORI ND SATIRE PUFLISHED IN AMERICA. The first! E, 1u e is tsb a st. TA st qf printing pa er and stribution Is fIerce! GOOD MORNING is the biggeslt, sapsIput ththge hat dtak Sed in the labor movement. Fellow-Wo .ers! H g~ ' ft 4 15c Per Copy 'GOOD MORNING CO., Inc.,71.15th St., N.Y ,ty $3.50 Per Enlosed find . ................. for which send GOOD Y MORNING .TO Nam e ................................... ..... ................................. $ . 0For 3 Ad!dress........- ...........-- - - ... City ............................ T, F. HASTIMOS, Buslness Mar. ;-r i (Paai Advertisement.) __ minimum wage for.the maintenance of an average family in decent comrn fort. Very few' railroad men re ceive that sum; thousands of them will still receive even less than half oi it. Under the circumstances, enlight ened public opinion will support the rail workers in.their demands until they have gaiged, recognition. "SCIIBlIS AR P PIE" 1S El lEs S' 1UNIMN1 " fP (By the Federated Press.) Chicago, Aug. 11.-A unique pub lication in the interest of teachers' unions is being published from the office of tile Co-operative Union Labor Press, 1802 South Racine avenue, Chicago. It is called "Schools and People." Its purpose is to bridge over the gap between the schools on the one hand, and the people on the other hand. It is not a technical teachers' paper, but is intended to circulate among the people generally, especially among members of organized labor. It is conducted. so that .the organized men and women shall be in a position to talk intelligently with teachers on the subject of unionization. The new publication was formerly known as the Kansas School Jour- nal, of Witchita, Kan., and is edited by E. D. Macbougall, Kansas state organizer of-the American Feder ation of Teachers. FP HIBITiON IN S T RUSSIA . i, il . , , ,2 .... ..._, .. . ..i,.., .. . . ,. (The Swedish prohibition news paper "Templaren," so called be cause it is -the organ of the Inde pendent Order of Good Templars, a powerful European prqhlbition move ment, in a recent number prints a remarkably interesting and detailed interview of the prohibition situn tion in Red Russia, vith the Swedish" author, Ture Nerman, a left wing socialist, who has recently .re'turned to Sweden frdm Soleti-Riissia. Mr. Nernman's, -view that prohibition' in' eRussia is perpsanent must ,ot be takens sf`ital, hpwever since least olm. ne, a leadedi has ex .e convlctign" that-'pro-. hlbition Ius sia may not be fingl, See remar.I' :of .N.' Bulkbarin.' quoted -by Aryid -Hantsen, in "Soviet Riussia'" for September 13, 1919.) In spit of~~serious attempts, said Mr. Nerman, he was unable to get -hold of any prominent prohibition leader in the,course of his journey., The reasop for this was thpt there is practically no separate prohibi tion movement -in that country now, in the aenee in which we apply the word in Sweden. The p.rohibitioi .-question in Rus sia, says Mr.r Nerman, is already dis posed of and solyed in an entirely different manner, and .more funda mentally and effectively, than it ever could be solved in capitalistic coun tries,-where a sort of so-called pro hibition has -been introduced. ,On the one hand, it must be admitted. that the -Boisheviki have had ar: easier time in introducing and main taining prohibition -in view of the fact that in -Russia, because of the low supply of grain, caused chiefly by the lack of railway material, there often has been nothing to distill. But, on the other hand, the consump -tion of alcoholic liquors has never !n any country been as great as it once was in Russia. And consequent ly, the desire for alcoholic liquor must, among great sections of the population, particularly among the peasantry, have been especially de vqloped in Russia. Vodka was a fundamental -factor in the Russia of the czars, and has now, almost at a single blow been absolutely 'eliminated. The sale of' spirits is met with. very rarely and is punished-those guilty rarely escape-with unusual severity. The case is quite different from that of Sweden, where the au thorities almost always close their eyes to the traffic and appear even to be half in league with the spirit dealers. How the Russiafl Prohibition Was Carried Out. The Bolshevik party, kald Mr. Ner man, to be sure never had any 'atti tude toward prohibition on its party program, but when the revolution came, the leading personalities, wise statesnen, as they are, immediately recognized that the victorious put ting through and solidifying of the ravolution, were unthinkable with out an immediate carrying out of a severe apd absolute prohibition. Certain vicious elements desire to, make use of the revolution only as' a means of satisfying their own lusts, among which none the least was the strong desire for alcohol. the 'oniil" Possiblity of preventing these dangerous elements from ruin i.lg the revoluttion and ifindering its .developlpent into an orderly social syatem, was, to deal harshly with them:' Particularly at the outset, it was. necessary to proceed with uinusual. severity with regard to these ele mepts. In'tie first stage of the rev .olution,;'ey '.. re siillly shot .down. It was cpnsidered that individuals' o in such a serious situation were little conscious of their dignity as m'en as to dtink away their reason in alcohol, which they succeeded in stealing grhp the saloons, would" never be of any use for the future, blat wotfld rather constitute a per ,msttent' dagger to the workers' revo fution., For a long time the opponents of the revolution tried with the aid of a.pol.l. to ruin and under mine the morale of the best Bolshe vik troops, And preciefqly this ex plains to p certain extent the sever ity with which prohibition was car ried out. The Leda~ng. Bolsheviks VWere Not Teetotoalers. Mr. Nerapap points out that Le nin, for example, was not a teetotal er, while, op the other hand, he al .ways had led a life that was exem plary and Spartan, both with re gards tq spirits as well as in general. Otherwise it is certain that his brain could not at the present mo ment be the clear statesmanlike or gan which it is. The same is the ease with most of the JBolshevik leaders in Russia: But when they became active revo lutionists, as Mr. Nerman points out, they had to be actual enforoers of prohikition, wvhile in Sweden the grandiloquent leaders of prohibi tion, such as Arthur Enberg, etc., as soon as .their party assumed po litical power, betrayed their former position, resigned from the prohi bition organizations and are -now agitating In. the Riksdag and in the gdvernment for a renewed libera tion ,f ;4he 4low of 'spirits over the whole country! "I spoke," continued Mr. Nerman, "with a number of the most impor tant revolutionary leaders on the question of prohibition, and ll con sidered it as self-evident tht it a revolution one of the most indispen sible conditions is the enforcement of an effective and absolute prohibition of alcohol, in order to prevent and obviate the demoralization of the masses. As a matter of fact, the better moral tone among workers and peasants in Russia has its ex planation, in addition to the freer aid introduced by the revolution .it self, also in the complete liberation from the consumption of alcohol. "It would he awful," continued Mr. Nerman, "to .imagine a revolu tion here in Sweden with the popu lar masses in the condition in which they are now in, the cities, particu larly in Stockholm. "As long as a great part of the working claps consists of demoral Ized appellists and other lumpen proletariat, terror is as absolutely, necessary, at the moment of revo lution, in dealing with such anti social elements, as it is in dealing with the counter-revolutionary ban dits. How Thie Bolsheviki Got Rid of the (Great Stores of lcohol. "At the outbreak of the revolu tion," Mr. Nerman said, "there were great quantities of liquor in Russia. In the Kerensky revolution, liquor therefore played a prominent role. But the Bolsheviki viewed the mat ter in an entirely different way, from the very outset. I need only mention a single case to indicate what often was the procedure: "A Bolsheviki patrol encountered a tremendous store of valuable'old wines in the cellars of the Winter palace. Some of the Red leaders made efforts to intoxicate themselves with this wine, but were prevented. A conduit was prepared leading from the cellar down to the, Neva river, and then the entire stock was shot to pieces with machine guns. The spirits flowed down to the river in great streams." Mr. Nerman added that it would be a positive -pleasure, in a possible Swedish revolution, to have charge of a few such machine guns, direct ed against a certain cellar under the Stockholml castle. A great .portion of the liquor stocks confiscated in Russia have been a valuable addition to the seri ously depleted medicinal supplies of the country. Smuggling In Russia. Mr. Norman further points out that very little smuggling was go ing on. Of course, it is not impos sible, particularly on the southern fronts, such as the Crimea, to smuggle liquor in among the sol diers of the Red army, and even to forward it into the co natry through them. But all offenders are punished very severely, and the ,pirit among the soldiers is one of such conscious ness of purpose that 'cases of this kind occur with great rarity. On the otheir fronts smuggling in li quors is impossible, it only for the simple reason that the"e frontiers have thus far been hermetically sealed. Of course, now that relations with Russia are to be opened, there is great danger to prohibitibn precise ly in these possibilities of smuggling But the wisdom and energy thus far shown by the leading elements in '4otgreat Russian social.system will Ih 'bly be able to combat this dan ger"so powerfully that it will be fin ally eliminated. Temperance PropaJanda. Mr. Nei'man also reports a num ber of interesting details concerning the temperance propaganda of the Russian Bolsheviki. He says thee' are carrying On an instruction concerning the danger ous effects of the use of alcohol everywhere, in the cities, a well as in the provinces, thyrqpgh their ettraordinarily well or gani z ed schools. In rddition tley;give in structions in all subjeotsp cnnected ivith general hygiene. In the ubiquitous and very artis ticaliy drawn posters y3(' , )hVold not rarely 'the vodka drlnking peasant, lying on the ground like a pig, a IEMOCRAT TICKET . EORSED BY NONPSAN-LABOR LUG . . . . . e .+ .+ . ... ..;.., .N :?'+m+ S Governor-B. 1 WHEELER, Silver Bow counit Lieutenant Governor - R. C. ARNOLD, Valley county. S Secretary of State-R. A. - HASTE, Yellowstone county. . Attorney General-Louis S.IR VINE, Glacier county. State Treasurer - ELLA D. LORD, Cascade county. State Auditor-OLE SANVICK, SHill county. Railway Commissioner - J. P. Si MEADORS, Richland county. Superintendent of -Public In struction-MARGARET A. HAN NAH, Sweet Grass county. Justices, State Supreme Court HARLOW PEASE, Beaverhead county (6 years); W. W. PALM Ai, ER, Custer county (6 years); JOHN A. MATTHEWS, Broad r water county (2 years). Congressmen-BURTON WAT SON, Missoula county; M. M. Mc KUSKER, Roosevelt county. Silver Bow County Judges, District Court-LOUIS P; DONOVAN; JEREMIAH J. - LYNCH; HENRY A. TYVAND. Sheriff-LARRY DUGGAN. County Attorney - GEORGE - BOURQUIN. 1 Clerk and Recorder - MIKE ALLEN. ..illllllliIIIII Iu l l lil llll IIIII IIIII lIl III hIII I ;I111111111111 1111 horrible example of the destructive effect of liquor. Similar pictures are also seen in thB famous propa ganda trains which traverse Russia in all directions,. In the newspapers and periodicals also, the indeluctable duty of the class-conscious worker and peasant to abstain fromt alcoholic liquors is also duly emphasizrd. As counterparts and opposiles of this horrible example frnom the pe riod of the czar and vodka, one often beholds accompanying pictures of sober workers, studying their books or circulating literature among their comrades. On one of the trains you see painted on the side, "What did the old regime give us?---Vodka, the negalka, (the knout), czarist op pression, etc." The accompanying picture is that of an intoxicated worker being led to prison. "What does the new regime give us?-uni versity, books, instruction for chil dren, etc." There is no doubt that power fully conducted agitation of this kind will have a profound and serious in fluence on the masses. And there is also no doubt that such an inten sive and purposeful fundamental, principles of social justice and the digniity of man, will soon make the Russian people, steeped in drunken ness and disoluteness, the most sober nation in the world. Effectiveness of Russian Prohibition. Mr. Nerman says that prohibition is so well carried out that in a stay of more than five weeks in Moscow and Petrograd, during which he has been as much as possible among the people on the streets and in the pub lic places he was unable to find more than two or three slightly intoxicated persons. "On the first day of my re turn to Stockholm, on the other hand, I saw more than a dozen heav ily intoxicated persons in barely an hour. "It may be objected that the pun ishipent for intoxication, inexerable and sev'ere as they have been in Rus sia have gone somewhat to excessive severity. But it is a fact that it was only this method that made it pos sible in Russia to create a general respect for prohibition. And it. l just thirs fact, in great measure, that made' the Russi of~ th1e workers so strong a-4l, ihvr i cilJbO h For'; in tl~e last anan}Jt,' ilt is )is' whiqh: made it possible to create the Russian so cialist society which is now being built up by the people with such en thusiasm and self-sacrifice." Russian Prohibition Permanent. At the end of his interview Mr. Nerman said the following: "I asked, among others, one of the leading men ini the Soviet re public whether he believed that pro .hibition in Russia would be of per manent character and would be maintained even after the complete establishment of the revolution. His answer was short and definite, and was spoken without hesitation: 'Yes, that is absolutely certain!' "My opinion is that only a suffi clently well founded and therefore successful workers' revolution can BUSINESS ByI P. A. IAN I Business is defined as "occupation, trade," etc.; a truer definition would be the pursuit and possession of surplus accumulated wealth ob tained from the product of labor and nature. All the wealth and capital in the whole, world never produced the penpoint with which this article is written. All the great brains, plus all the wealth of the world, never did or never will produce this ar ticle. Both are accomplished by la bor. The labor of writing this is the creator of its birth. Nature pro duces everything that man utilizes. But labor and labor alone fashions nature's products for the use and comfort of mankind. All the brains and capital in the universe does .neither. Does it not seem extremely foolish to keep both upon the throne and labor forever and ever in the gutter? Brains should receive its just dues in our social conditions, but capital, the useless, .the non-pro ducer, why, oh, why, is it not de stroyed as the Imaster of labor and brains and made the servant of both? The greatest example, showing the utter chicanery of business and capital, that ever came under my personal observation was the history of the Titanic. That great ocean liner, reputed to cost ten millions of dollars to build, and lost in the ocean on her initial trip. Let us say that it cost that amount to build her. But did it? Let us reason it all out. Two millions would pay for all material used in her construction. Then the ship's company paid eight millions in wages for all labor concerned in her production. If this was true, the men who worked upon that boat would have that money upon her completion. Did they? Emphatic ally, no; they practically had not one cent of it left. It was all paid out by them for food, clothing and shelter] Most of which, directly or 'Indirectly, returned to the coffers of the compaany that paid their wages. tL that those men received for create a truly effective and perman ent prohibition of alcohol. The so called total prohibitions which were finally carried out, in other coun tries, in Finland, Norway and Amer ica, can" be only half-measures as long as the capitalistic system of society endures. The ruthless and never seriously impeded- lust for per sonal profit will never succeedin re specting the purely human demnnds tnat constant prohibition involves. Only in a socialistic soeiety, Where the welfare and happiness of the in dividuals composing it are the first considerations, where brivate prop erty has been abolishe ;. and theq watchword is 'Socially usfLul waO.k' by all for all!' can the traffic in li muor be completely abolished." blerk of District Cout-F' rANK DONOVAN. County Commissioner - LOU I FREUDENSTEIN. County Treasurer-JOHN C. County Assessor -- JOHN J. SHEEHAN. County Auditor-NELLIE SUL LIVAN. County Coroneer - JOHN M. TRAPP. Public Administrator-MADGE B. DUGAN. B_ Superintendent of Schools'- I NELLIE SMALL. Representatives, State Legis lature--A. N. ALDERMAN, eý ARCHIE E. BARROW, MEL VINA BEAKEY, FRANK CORR, ARTHUR E. COX, JOHN H. DRISCOLL, W. F. DUNN, HAR - = RISON FREEBOURNE; MRS. ELIZABETEI KENNEDY, JOHN O'LEARY, R. B. SMITH, SAM SPIEGEL. Justices of the Peace-Silver I Bow township: L. A. BUCKLEY, - JOHN BEVAN; South Butte town- I ship: TOM TRACY, ANTHONY -_ M'BRIDE. -_ Constables-Silver Bow town- i ship: PAT LYNCH, PAT LEE; ,. South Butte township: CHARLES I! = COLL, GEO. BUCKLEY. 111111111111111111HIIIII HIIIIrIIIIIII III IIIqIii f1 1 iIIII1 l ý'illll their great labors was inferior food, shoddy clothes and poor shelter for themselves and their 'dependentsj While the ship'y compau.. re1,ea huge profits selling necessities to their employes. Then how could the Titanic cost ten millions of dollars? Again, let us say that it did cost the company that huge amount. As soon as the boat was built, the capi tal stock of the company was in creased by twenty millions dollars and put upon the market for sale. So now, instead of the boat being an expense of ten millions to the company, was a profit to them of that amount. An asset, not'a debit, to them of ten millions of surplus monies plus the huge profits they obtained selling necessities to their employes. The ship is gone, lost on her first trip across the ocean. Did the com pany pay back the monies obtained for that increased capitalizatign? Not so you could notice it. So that now, today, after the great war, the Titanic sunk in the ocean is still an asset of twenty million dollars to that same company. Through the loss of the boat the company did not lose one cent. The only loss the owners sustained was her future earning capacity. Great is business! Great is capi talism! The company should worry. HIGCENS IS BEPiIVEO OF POWED OF EAMINISSMfTORl James E. Higgins was deprived of the power of, administrrtor of the. estates of Arthur FMuel 'tand .E. ryn M. Muell6r in orddib' signedybI; Judge., J. ,·y ch tho office: The orders were signed following the presentation'of affidavits of Al bert Rochester, one of the objectors to Higgins' accounts, by Attorney James Baldwin. The administratbr is charged with consumption of a large part of the stock of wines which composed the estate, and. of mismanagement. MINES SOCIAJIZED. (By the Federated Press.) Rome, Aug. 11.--A gorernmnt bill has been brought forward fQr the socialization of minig 'righlts: By the terms of it, the staet t q priates all existing rlg" I, lj , over the, ownership both in ith i'adn4 the colonies, .od ,EtkR:;l4 iq atf the mniies becomes a mo.opolt " the state.