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Farm Machinery Price Combine
Charged by Federal Trade Body Wasbhitgton, Sept. 14.--Both farm implement manufacturers and deal ers, according to the federal trade commission, have entered into illo .gal agreements to boost prices f;r beyond the increascd cost of pro duction. Prosecutions to c(ellll lt monIre s :- i (eus dissolution tha; that ordered by the courts in 191 is the plan lpro posed as a remedy. "The domtinating positiotn of the International Harvester cotilpally is chiefly with respect to t he 'arv.ttetr inachine lines and particul~lrly with respect to grain binders," says the commision. The commission believes that the combination of the :McCormick and Deering plants under the. Interna tional Harvester company is what primlnrily makes the monopoly pos sible, and recommenrlds the sepera lion of these two great itndustries it finds that tlie large increase in ithe prices and profits of, manuifactulrers in 1917 and 1918 was due in part to price understandings and agree inenlts among manufactu rers. and that to a more limited extent the increase in the profits of dealers seems to have been due to sitilar activities. It finds that nearly all importanti nmanufacturers are mnentbers of the National Implement and Vehicle as sociation, with 13 departments rep resenting different lines. 'Methods tIsed. The following methods are noted Iby the commission in maintainiing the alleged unfair prices: "Price comlparisonl meetings at which advances in prices recenitly made or intended1 to be made are discussed. "Cost comn parisonl ineet ing.S at which inflated costs are comllparetd. "Terms lteoiings at which a.gree -ments were made respecting uni form terns, thus malkilg the prices iof the different illellbers inor'e coli parable. "Frequent exchange by letters of what advances had been inade re cently and asking for other nlemtl etrs' reent price advances. "Compnltlaints of price cuttinig, the conlmplaints frequently shotw that the price-cuttinlg membller was held a:" not keeping faith in maintaining theI Iprices agreed upon.' The commission finds that thli net pirofit of 85 farmi mlachiinetry Itthian1 facturers was 105 per clent larger than in 1916. anti that the int 1prof its of over 200 jobbing firms in this line increased 97 per c'ent bei ween 1915 and 1918. The chief value of the report will plrobably be in educating more of the public to realizing. that there is a harvester trust, although imost falnrmers have beent aware of the fact for several years. The remiedy pro posed, namely. unscraimbling the scrambling McCorlnick and l)eering ronpatiies. certainly cannot lie ex piected to produce any Ibetter results than the unscranmbling of the Staild ard Oil monopoly or tlie tobt!acco ittloopoly. Poland is not taking the Wilson Colby note to Italy with respect to maintaining Russia's territorial in tegrity seriously, , and Secretary of -State Colby has been assuring thell. press correspondents of 'having hope" that Poland will abandon itm perialist policies. Perhaps the Polps cannot recon- I rile the policy of destroying the Rutssian government, anlIouned through the Italian amohbassador, atnd Ihis other of preserving Russian in tegrity. Whatever niay have boen commnunicated abroad by code, even this published note is considered as a demand for new war. It has giveni the great horde of ueditors antid pub licists the material for' "preptaring the mind of America." Th'l'e war for demlocracy is o\vetr antd the de mnocracy forgotten; we are now tlpre paring for "thle war for civilization," because Almerica is best able to stand the expense. Those who think that the public is too disillusioned on war, should retteiilhert• that the war makers have learlled a lot about publicity and have acquired powers above the cionsitituttion: as well as great wealth. Dr. Frankr Crane. miinister and feature writer, voiced the attitude which pussyfooting liberals are go-! ing to take when he said the other day in regard to the Russian gov errment: "Soonier or later, unless it falls to pieces frotm its own rottenness. it miust be faced" and fought by the civilized nationls. We can keerp out of this row no more than we could keep out of the war with Germannv." Will civilization fare any bettlier in wiar than did democracy? Homeless Millions. The prospect of making America homeless growvs apace untlder plresent conditions. iMayor Hylal of New York reprls tlhat the number of families without au place to live is a.pproximately 1 e0.00. while Ed ward P. Doyle, secretary of the mayor's housing Committee, puts the shlortage at 160.000. Chicago re ported a shortage in June of 50, 000. Detroit, Mich.. has 61,1001 more families nowv than there years ago, but in that time only 28,196 houses have been built, and many of the old have worn out. Philadelphia, our 1hird largest city, is probably for ur).s 1.,l having onlyl 3000 fattm lies5h'. oat a r'oof over their heads. :L Pr ona. cc: cfane-it7}i' ty, p it the j nittcdft'i7'4fs'ue.. facCl'n.ctdtte its 'leople as welLas.a.i..did four yearsI ago, and 4t tai t "time, our wide awake .itiimns''Ware' a iarmed' about the' growtlh of so-calledi slum" coindi tioibs in our large centers of popu lation. How do they live? Families that used to have three or four rooms are crowding into one room; others put tip tarpaper shanties on the outskirts of town; others camni out in tents and tumble-down store buildings or barracks left by the demobilized soldiers and - munition workers. This great calamity, however,. has been fortunate for some people. It iscaused primarily by the war prof iteering in all the factors which en ter into the building of homes. Now those who happei to own buildings that stand tup are reaping a golden harvest and city marshals are mak ing big money serving dispossoss Waf rrants. Homeless by 1922 and foodless by 1924 seems to be the goal which the ,oliticians offer the working lpeople of our cities. Su.l't South. Threatened. Our nIext congressional session must take up the matter of reap portionment of conlgressionlal dis tricts, and Representative Islanac Sie gel of New York. who is chairman of t.'c roeapportionmenlt coslmit'te, declares he is going to press the is sue of reducing the representation where the constitutional 'hligh to vote is denied. Based on the census of 1910 the present congressional district is made Iup as nearly as practicable of 211.577 people. Our growth since, as showIn by the 1920 census, tmakes it. Iecessnary io enlarge the districts cr to reduce the number of congress n111 reference to Siegel's Iprolmise ott'. naturally thiniks of the negro of the South and of republican desire to treak up tile so-called Solid South. These things are talked about so tmuch that the'disfranchise nmentt of the whites of the South generally escapes attention. In a nlortlhernl state, such as In dianla, one person in four is the av erage for voting. In the whole South the average is one to 17. Not only the negroes but less than half the whites of voting age are admitted to the polls as the constitution plro vides. In South Carolina and Mis sisaippi only one in 30 vote. Vir ginia. with a olpulation of 2,230. 000. cast only 153,990 votes inl 1916. whereas Minnesota. a state of aboutl. tie same popullation, cast 3S7.364 votes. This disfranchisement of whites biy dlieationial taxes, Ipoll taxes, etc., explltins why the Solid Soutlh is so omlplet ely reactionary. Perhaps it xplainls why Bt;lrleson is a power in the South and why the constitution lta: been tramltpletd otn ill the past four years. We don't have to look as far iway as Russia for minority ruile wih a velge:licee. se* Italy's "ll('lolntjon." When asked for information on the reported seizure of factories by workers in northern Italy. the Italian ambassador, Baro A vzzana, said: "in consequence of a shortage of raw materials, lack of coal and high cost of Iabor the metallurgical in dustries decitdedl to effect a lockout. Following this decision the workers seized, the factories at Milan, Turin anid Glenoa ini order to prevent the lockout and to operate the factories directly." ile also added that it was devel oping without resort to violence and without biloodsheld. Evidently a new kiihd of strike- a st rike to keep industry going. Like our own government in tle case of the woolen trust, the steel (rust., the shoe trust, etc., the Ital i:i n governmiant did nothing to keep mann'factiiure going and great masses of people fromIn starvaltion. But un iike ours the Italian governlmenlt has lnot dareid as yet to enforce plant idleness with military lpower. Greatest Labor Dlay. Labior day wa caelebratoed through ont the, country as never before in history. Huge parades marcherd in all the large northuerin cities. Labor appealted to e anxious to outdo all iast oceasions as all aitns\ver to the nalion-wide drive against labor or ganization undier tlje guise of the "open shoD" canlmpaign. l icidentally it was a great day for the poli ticians to air ILoir views on labor in the abstract and to view with alurnll lihe scaly-headed vulture of uniiioploly wthoml they talk and act for the rest of Ithe year. But Labor lda just closed was mlarked by a more militant spirit in labor as well as by its size. RIESPECTABLE MOB DENIES RICGT OF FREE SPEECH ( Tty the Fed'ertelcd P'ri.s.) Topok:1. Kai.tS.. Sept. 14..- -A pCIo litihal Heetig of farmers Ilnd work "'s to have been aIlldressed' by l'resi dent \ý'. R. l'Freenl.an of the Kansas .late f(deltlltion of labor at Juniction C'itv. Bais.. was not allowed to pro enee1d by a self-lapplointed "vigilance co(tlnllmittee"' untl Freeman iwas thkent of' the progra.nt. F'ee ntt'i il wen'lt to .11ncl(ion City to I:s5isl in comtlllolting tlatis for labor's partliciption in the coming cam paig.n. \When hte arli\ted lie foand that a local cotni:nittlee of Anmericanl I egionit ai nd tuslilness men h11;1 asutilned a d ictaltorshilp over the 111lmeeting. The Junction (Cit;: lob ;was incited to ta.ke 1.1titlon against the ifarmnler labor plolitical con lliiii tte by iv lettler wriitten to a JInnitiion City editor by Enlmterl 'I. Peterson, edtitor of Govet' nor All.en's WVicthia IBeacon; and by a soirrilouts tIelegrall seiat Iy an in surance agent to Dir. L. S. Sicadanl, commlllnanding the leg:on post at Junc tion City. PROTEST POLICE AID TO STHIKEBREAKEAS ( PR the Federat!ld :Press.i New York. Sepct. 14.---A protest aig:ainst the police Dprotection given strikebreakers on the iBrooktyn Rap lid Transit lines has bell sent to IMayor Hylan by B. C. Valoteck, so cicalist aldermaln. The protest said: "The strikers, it seems, hatve no inltenion to win the strike by any thiing but peaceful organization and I feel that it is unjust both to them and to the people of New York to have the city protect the strike blreakers. most of whom are thulgs alid professional scabs andt who, by taking the jobs of the regular Cet ployes cf the company are jeopardiz ing the very existence of 12,000 Brooklyn families." SAY YOUSAW IT IN TIE IULLETTIN ; RISIIS 1 SO IMINC IN FRENCH LABOR Leaders of C. G. T. Becom ing Compromisers of the Scheidemiann Type. Radi cals May Bolt. y c," I---. --. Ich , . .. " (By i.lt l." orue1.d Pr-, Paris, " g. 25.--(uy g,::il.). - serious crisis alppears to b, clevel oping ini the ranks of the Genera: Federation Of Iabor (C. G. T.) as a result of the mnore anld more markled tendency of its leaders towanids the policy of industrial reform. The na tional delegate committeet of the federationi has been sitting for two days to discuss the report to be pre sented to the forthcoming congress at Orleans, and an attempt was made by the delegates of more ad vanced views, notably those repro senting the teachers' unions, to urge a more active revolutionary policy. \layonx, Bonet, and Toinmmasi all attacked thO C. G. T. for its '"re formnisi,'" and its collaboration with capitalist governments, as at the. n ternational Labor congress at Wash ington. These speakers also advo cated closer unity with the French socialists now that the latter no longer manifested the same reforn ist tendencies which t11he C. G. T. had itself previously rejected at thle congress of Amiens. In reply to this criticism tie prin cipal officials of the federation de nounced the policy of revolutionary communism advocated by their critics, and seized the opportunity to dissociate themselves from the 'Thlird International. Leon Jouhanx. general secretary, declared he would refuse to allow anyone. 'even Le nine," the right to interfere in French labor affairs, and to impose on them his own principles. Finally, the report of the reform it.t majority was carried by 94 to IS, 15 delegates abstaining from voting. It is feared that the serious differences of opinion revealed' at this preliminary conference will end in an open rupture when the Orleans congress assembles shortly. Already the trades unions of ,Mar seilles haive announced their decl sion to leave tile C. G. T. on account of the conservatism of its leaders. Although their decision is openily dle plored by the socialists of the "Populaire" group as provoking a critical situation at the moment when all the forces of French labtor should present a common front, the example of the Marseilles workers will probably be followed by a num - ber of other unions. STATE FEDERDATION MAKES APPEAL TO THE WORKERS The following letter is being sent out by the state federation of labor to all labor bodies of the state. We print t t without conmment: '-Helena, Mont., Sept. 9. 1920. "To All lenoniersi of Organized I,a hioi: Gre toings: ' Ih e registratiot books for the election to be hnbl Nov. 2 will close Friday, Sept. 17 It is the dul.y of every member of organized la-bor to see that all arc regist ered; register yourrelf and se' that all your family are registered see also that all rriends of labor are I egistered. "Labor's political banner has been Ili'nulerd in lMonlltan, and we have seen the fi'rst (results of the batltle labor in co-operation with the farnm. ers through the Nonpartisan league aind the LaTbor leagle have nominatel the complete dlmocratic state ticket We next musit elect this complete ticket and to do so we nmust have every voter registered. "The eilemties of labor through the Meonliall Dlevelopmuent association, and theI Associated Industries intend tl do all within their power to crush the lproduce(rs. "Tihey want laws that will restrict labor. They want Kansls corllts oi indusllltrial re!lition, and mlore of the Es th-C( linui s k'.nd of legislation. "They wanllt 'liorei of Judge Aln derson's injllunll tion decisions. "'They w\ant aniylhiing but freedon of the iproducers. "''Thisis the time whllen everS frierid of progre:;s. ie'ory fr;enld o freedonm, should put Iiis or hel sloulder to the w\'hel and work foi the success of the complete farnel' laibor ticket. '"We will stick' "Flaterual'llyll yours. "MONTANA S'l'TATE FEDERATION OF LADBOR. "STE'I'IlEN ELY, "Secret ary." "Attesl: .IOllN T. TAYLOR, "Secretary." BOOZE IS NECESSARY TO RELIGION OF JAPS i,,- (~yl United i'ess.), -lot57ltJi ; ,.pt. 4:.'-No etldrtos are': In)1.~Itulki hel'e.'g[ pr'esetsi td endorse t.e rCccc.0l-P4"tr.)riihiq jlng liliott, slfiduld nDt be tdi t aI ac Irta,.itteti l )purpose,; in Japanese tent ples. Due to lhe age-tild custom of iusinig lake, Chief Deputy George Ashley of the revenue office has re qucotdl relief of some sort from Washington officials for the Budd hists and those of other sects. It was held by the United States supren:oe court, in 1916, that sake was i witne atnd( it wats taxed as such. This ruling is tow reversed and sake is classed as a brow, which prevents it frotm being used( for sacramental 11 urpose. FRIDAY is the last day to Register for the November Election. - - ~ . - ,7.4.: -:. - ---- ."--: ._I. for Highest T'oile ,,ality at .ow,.rt TPor.ri/e Price ---od tat's why this Cigarette. 'aiffnlne fhen out of ten OST men find that Spurs fit their cigarette wants seven days a week, fifty-two weeks a year. Just bet your "bottom dollar" that you won't tire of Spur's old-time tobacco taste, for it's real-as-life and rare-as-June. Now to find out why! Good tobacco puts Spurs at the top. Just thati The blend of finest Turkish leaves and the pick of .home. grown crops gives Spurs their new, mild richness. But Spurs don't stop at cheering your taste. They draw easier and burn slower, because Spurs are crimped not pasted. Then there's a neat "brown-and-silver" package that's three-fold, which keeps Spur's fragrance and flavor ready for you. Spur up! Spur up! Light up a Spur! LIGGE?.Tr & MYERs TOBACCO Co. _ Ci__gre _te (Paid Advertisement.) News of India BIiTISHl DOOMED IN MESOPO TAMIA. New York.-According to cabled press dispatches the outlook for the British in Mesopotamia is grave and gloomy. British forces on the Eu ,illrates are in hot retreat, and the garrisons at I)ibanich, about 100 miles north of Bagdad, has been cut )ff. British army garages and tents in Bagdad itself are in flames. All over Mesopotamia the British are panic stricken. In reply to a ques ion in the house of commons, Mr. Churchill, the British secretary of :n great disorder, the railway com munication is interrupted, and the small local relieving column which has advanced has not beon able to cope with "the disorder. A consid erable force is now on its way from Bagdad, and in addition I have tound it necessary to ask the In dian government to arm, in case of ,mergeny., a further force for dis patch. * * * Troops at Rumeritha have suffered heavy casualties, and the detachlment sent in relief has also oiffered severely, and are 15 miles from Rumeritha. I may add that the situation in the Shamiyah dis trict and in the Naoiriyh district is reported to be delicate." TIlE RilsE OF PERSIA. loudeon.-A republic has been proclaimned in Persia' following the abdication of the shah. It is report ed the new republic has joined the Soviet republic and has made an offensive and defensive alliance. Many Indian soldiers deserted the British. The rise of Persia and the defeat of the Btritish augurs well fbr the independence of India, In diep. revolutionists claim. W.ARF.1IIE ON BRITISH EN ('ROA('HMENT IN AFGHAN ISTA'N. Simla, India, July 28.--Guerilla warfare against invading British troops is being waged by Indian people on the northwestern fron tier bordering Afghanistan. The In dian warriors are composed of men from the Afridi. Mashud. Wazari and Baluchi peoples, and are saded by Afghans who are bitterly hostile to the British government since the last British war against Afghanistan. There has not yet been any settle ment regarding Afghan-British rela tions. The constant encroachment and aggression of British troops on Afghan territory is charged by the Afghan. The frontier Indian peoples and the Afghans have resisted Brit ish troops at Lundi Kotal, Nashki and other villages bordering Afghan istan. Not only were the British pa trols of superior force defeated in one engagement but about 1,000 war and pack camels are reported to have been captured by the Indians within the past month. WOXULD DEPORT INDIA'S WORK INGMEN FROM AMERICA. New York-.The deportation of all Indian workingmen in the Unit ed States is planned by the Wash ington government, according to press dispatches. Twenty-seven have already been deported from Ellis Island; and 39 more are being held for deportation. A committee of Indians has already been formed in New York to fight these deporta tions. MAHARAJA BOYCOTTED FOR PRO-BRITISH ACT. Amritsar.-Holding that it is a treason against India and a crime against the. Silkh brotherhood to contribute to the Michael O'Dwyer memorial fund, a mass meeting of Silkhs in Guardaspur unanimously decided to excommunicate his high ness, the Maharaja of f~tila, a SIE" prince. The meetiag3i flS'.: decldd not to pay taxes to the government, but to use the money to help the suffering families of political pris a'iers. IoveraMl 4<ahek PitbaW ,*MRPGe ' ral D 6gi partner i.t dlie A iriltsat passacre and other Punjab atro Cities. GADAR PARTY TO PUBLISH REV OLUTIONARY MAGAZINE. New York.-Press dispatches from California has announced the fact that the Hindustan Gadar party of San Francisco (5 Wood street) is to publish the first Indian monthly in America that will stand for political, economic, social and intellectual in dependence of India. Mr. Surendra Karr is to be the editor of this monthly, the first issue of which will be out this month. TAGORE INSPIRES THE WOMEN OF INDIA. London.--In a statement just is sued Rabindranath Tagore thus ex tends his sympathies to, and in spires the women of India: "The extent and nature of the sufferings borne by the women of the Punjab at the late outrage will never fully be known and. therefore will miss not merely reparation, but consila tion of human sympathy. This makes us realize more clearly than ever before that it is the curse of our insignificance which is so aptly to provoke brutality in the people who have the power to rule over ,us and yet lack sympathetic imagination or natural bond of kin ship. No iniquitious act individually matters so much as the permanent condition which makes it at all easy for any people to be ignored. There fore I feel, that the time has ar rived when our women must c'ome out of their obscurity. They must have the opportunity to enable them to find their voice, to make their presence felt, to stand before the world's tribunal claiming jus lice for their sons and brothers and themselves." GENERAL DYER TO BE SUED FOR MURDER. Amn.tsar.-As a protest against the British Hunter committee's white-washing of the Amritsar mas sacre Dr. Maniram of the city has decided to sue General Dyer and Sir Michael O'Dwyer for the mur der of his 14-year-old lad, Madam Mohan. The suit is to be filed in Lonlon. INDIAN I'OLITICAJLS BRUTALLY FIA)GGED. Lahore, Punjab, India, July 28. PoqJtical prisoners held .in jails here hi)ler ; iiaVtia¶ tladwi are being merci - eaWly lftigggeit :anid'r subjected to treatiitet ;t- accorded to even the worst criminals according to dis closures made by the Lahore Trib une. Throughout India, as well as in the Punjab, there are numerous men of greater or less political im portance imprisoned under martial 'convictions." The same autocracy obtains here as obtained in Czarist Russia, the executive and judicial functions of the state being one, in stead of separate. The Lahore Tri.b une makes public a telegram sent to day to government authorities mak ing it clear that many innocent per sons are still suffering imprisonment and torture. The telegram reads law prisoners in Lahore jail is ex tremely miserable. * * * They have been mercilessly' flogged for trivial causes. * * * Martial lad victims, a very substantial majority of whom are absolutely innocent, are treated even worse than ordi nary criminals." SHORTENS HOURS, BUT ALSO REDUCES WAIES (Special Lnuneu gre's Wire. Washington, Sept. 14.-Secretary Daniels says that the navy depart meit cannot grant more money to navy yard employes unless the forces are reduced. He admitted that under the award recently made, ma chinists get less .than formerly, but said they will work shorter hours. FRANCE NOTIFIED THAIT ALLIANCE IS ACCEPTED (Special Uaited Press Wire.) Paris, Sept. 14.-The Belgian minister has notified / th. . French foreign office that, the Franco-Bel gian military alliance has been of ficially accepted by Belgium. effec tive immediately. While the terms of the Franco Belgian alliance have never been made public, they are supposed tp provide for both a defensive and oft fensive ag eement, whereby Belgium would imme dlately join France if the latte!'~t .t to war, if such ternta were accepted by Belgium. The "neutrality" violation by Germanl.y'.w~ i~ oatuiqd.rat Br1itatf to enter thierý tt149 be ,.e abolished and G.'.ianyui .'wou1d have ta right to inv.ade Tlelegi h even'ihn itli another war. wlth France. Reports from Belgium two weeks ago, indicated that the labor element there prevented the government from ratifying the treaty. Under a provision of the league of nations, the treaty must be made public be fore it can become effective. GABE CAPTURES ISLANDS. Rome, Sept. 14.-D'Annunzio's forces announce the capture ef the slands of 'Arbe, Veglia and Cherso last Saturday, according .to a Fatume dispatch. They are the large! t islands south of Fiume, with several large towns ldcated on them. D'An nunzio may .eek to include them in his new rep'iblic of "Quartnero."