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Entered ase econd Clase Matter, December 18, 1917, at the Postoffice at Butte, Mbntana, Under Act of March 8, 1879. SPONES: BUSINESS OFFICE, 52; EDITORIAL ROOMS. 292. BUSINESS OFFICE AND EDITORIAL ROOMS, 101 S. IDAHO ST. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One.4onth .... ,.................1.00 Six Months ..........................00 Throe Months- .. .........- 2.75 By the Year ................0... OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE Montana' State Federation of Labor; Metal Trades Council of Bu.tet Silver Bow Trades and Labor Assembly; State Metal Trades ConnelL . ..TUESDAM, SE..PTIMBER 14, 1920..... SWill Wheeler's Hands Be Tied? (Fromn The'- Producer's News.) A traveling salesman from the ceast recently remarked, "Wheelear will be elected; but lihe can't do anly harm if his hands are tied!" ' The sigiiificance of this remark lies in the danger of losing even a small part of the state ticket inl November. The people may elect a governor, but with a hostile majority on the Board of Equalization the tax frauds will continue. The people may elect governor, legislature, attorney-general and lesser admiu istrative officials, but if they lose the supreme court-what then? The economic struggle Ithau Ias gone oni iin our state and national governments for the past forty years has found thle last and deciding round of each battle staged in the courts the courts "of last resort"-with Ihe people heavily the losers in the perceritage column. In the nation, the following popular defeats are recorded: The "Gang-Plank Case" in 7which the benefit of the Work men's Compensation Law was denied where the victim was killed on a gang-plank instead of on the (lock. The Bakers' Ten-Hlour Law was nullified, as violating the "riglrt of free contract." The Child Labor Law was nullified on a refined distinction relating to interstate commerce. The Income Tax decision, which delayed the realization of the income tax for twenty years. The Stock Dividend cases, which first held that stock divi dends were not income, and then, after congress declared such dividends to be income, held void the act of congress. The 'Washington Employment Office Law, which the Wash ington court sustained, and the Federal supreme court made void. The U. S. Steel Corporation case, in which that company was held to be a "good trust." And in Montana: Ten years ago we would have had a nonpartisan nomination law for judges, but the Montana supreme court held it void. An election steal in the cit.y of Butte was successful, because the Montana supreme court had not time to decide whether the city clerk of Butte had judicial powers. A company owning city real estate worth $19,000 escaped assessment at that figure, because the Montana supreme court said it was mining ground, and could only be assessed at $2.50 per acre. The Initiative Bill for a real Workmen's Comnpl:esatio Lawi was wiped olit, because the Montana supreme court said that the signers could withdraw their names after it was too late to obtain others. And two out of five'.Montinll supreme judges thought that the primary election law could he repealed by the legislature and the people left without their right of referendum, be cause the legislature had declared the p)alpable lie that such repeal was an emergency law to save the public peace, sarety and health! It is possible for: the forces of reaction to elect this fall three justices of the supreme court, making four out of five against the lpeople. Ho'w will the farmer-labor legislative program fare at the hands of such a court? Will not \VEEL ER'S HANDS lIE T'IED), and the hands of the legislature as well? The importance of the jud iciary is supremc. because its power is supreme and its veto l'iinal. Shiould the producers' judicial candidates suffer defeat at the polls, it will make little difference whether Wheeler be elected, and a people's legisla ture elected, and all the other offices in the Slate Capitol filled with honest and forward-looking men--the fruits of all their constructive effort will turn to ashes in our mouths. The Financiers' Mad Scheme ''The desperation of the financiers finds open expression every now and then in some scheme to involve the people of this nation in their double-dealings to an extent that will com mit them to war whenever the financiers decide to collect from some bankrupt nation. The latest proposal of this kind emnaiutes from J. W. Hlarri man, I)resident of t[le Harriman National bank. Writing in the Magazine of Wall Street, Mr. Hurriman says: "The Great War left us a debt of approxinmately twenty-six billion dollars. Sixteen of these we used up in our own efforts toward winning it, and about ten billions on account of the ad vance to our Allies tor the same purpose. This latter is reprc. sented by Ambassador's notes without maturity and carry interest at 5 per cent. "This interest item has recently dragged and been added to the principal until the accumulation is now about equal to the amount limited by act of congress. This ten billions was raised by selling Liberty and Victory Bonds to many people Who, ii ' -their patriotic enthusiasm, subscribed far more than thWO cpuld aff4il, pl edt ht . thefi" purchases by the fact that 'they could anid woul aib Uowed to borrow on these bonds to almost Lthe . fill niount Pdf heir purchase price. "The interest for, this Allied Debt of ten billion dollajr was: raised through taxation. 'When the Armistice came, ahlmost two years ago, and hostill. ceased, many of the taxpayers began to look forward to a reduc tion in taxes. The Ambassadors' notes, however, still remain dor mnet-withoat maturity--in the archives of our Treasury de. partment. IMoreover, no interest has been paid by our Allies to oTlset the interest which has to be met on the bonds that were issued for the purpose of assisting them in their crisis." This is nbt the first intimation given that the Allies-France and England-are not paying the interest on loans negotiated in the United States, nor is there anything especially new in the fact that the intOrest on this immense sum is being raised by taxes levied on the people of this nation. Mr. Harriman's mention 6f the matter, however, serves to emphasize the seriousness of the situation,' to call aPlcitit. in to the fact that two of the, great powers are utifble or unwiin to take care of their obligations. : It is generally conceded that botha Franrend' lglad are unable to pay 'the interest ont Itheir loans because of the drain on. their treasuries caused by the I'nancing [of military adveln lures in Ireland, Egypt, india, Turkey, Arabia and Poland. i France particularly is trembling on the brink of financial dis- at aster and just the other day was forced to borrow front the ge House of Morgan $1..00O00.000, bearing 8 per dent interest, w secured by a direct lien on the Fr lech government. iý With what plan does Mr. J. W. Harriman, speaking for finance-capital in the United States, propose to meet the s emergency created by the failure of France and England to 9 'fulfill their obligations? First let us see what: he says about ,the Lilorty.Bouids tatkeln by the people of' this country taol dis cover, if we can; why he anid ,othei: fithacierare so aixiot5a:g. to reli it e eopleC of the burden of .taxation: NWe quote.:: "Moteogy.i, ,tihe cqndition 'of the Federal..:ianlks today shows a cod.testl6n uar iul'gely to these Il bert'y Bonds being lodged w wlith the liats by thlie member banks. The 'liquidation of this ft ,congestion and a cohlnsequtent im provement in the Federal d Banks' condition would bring about at release of credits, vwhich o would have it mnost healthy effect on our conunercihil and b mercantile enterprises." ti Even a casual perusal of thlie above discloses the fact thIat Liberty Bonds are now largely held by the banks; they have passed fronm tlw hands of the people who bought thetm. into r the vaults of the large financial institutions. It is no longer the people of the United States who are interested iin seeing t that France and England pay their deblts but the banker. Mr. lnitiiman speaks of a revival of commercial nativity in a England and France in a mannier calculated to. deceive those not familiar with conditions in those two nations, and makes a this an excuse for the proposal of a scheme so astounding and so far-reaching in its disastrous consequences to the masses t of this nation that it would never have been.broached with out a full knowledge of its results and a determination on the part of financial-capital to go to any lengths to redeem war loans on which the financiers have already realized fabulous' prolfits. The obligations of France and England are now in the shape of Ambassadors' notes, without maturitt, bearing 5 per cent 'interest. J. il. Harriman seriously proposes that France and Eng- I land fund their debt and, "in lieu of the Ambassador's notes, a joint obligation be given us, covering a period of years and bearing an attractive rate of interest. The obligation thus agreed upon and endorsed by the United States government could then be exchanged for the outstanding Liberty and Vic tory Bonds and offered to the investing public at a higher rate of interest than these." This is the maddest scheme that has ever been seriously urged by a sane financier and is indicative of the critical con tlition of.inlternationl finance. If we are to guess whal. Mr. IlHrriman meauns by an attlrac tive rate of interest, we cail only base our estimntte onil the interest borne by the last loan to France-eight per cent. This is nothing but ruinous, and the most prosperous nation In history could not stand the consequent drain in4 its revenues. France and England are now unable to pay fi've per cent and only the mind of a banker can discover ho' ' the funding of their debt, the issuance of a joint obligatiion at a higher rate of interest, with the rake-off of millions that the House of. Morgan atnd the Harriman National bank will:ftke, will place thenm on a better financial footing tlhan they are at present. It is probable tlhat Mr. Hlarriman is not worrying over this --- to himn-minor detail. Like the rest of the finapcial pluanlerburnd, li.e president of thie llarrilman Naitional bank is thinking only of today. lHe sees unrest among the umasses spreading with alarming rapidity. He sees that the European nations cannot and will not pay the debt of destruction. lie believes it necessary to ensure col lection of' the loa'is that le and his kind have made, that the people of tlie United States be made stock-holders in the de I caying governments of Europe just as the French people were pIersuaded to bolster up the tottering govcernment of tihe czar, so Ihat w\\heln the time comes, an airmy com)posed of the workers of the Uniiited Slates w\\ill fight and (lie to exteind the empire of the American I'inincial kings. This scheme of lHarrinman's is lthe same vicious proposal Imiade Iby other finaneicrs--a plan for lie itcnited States to utt derwrite the bankrupt governments of l' tirote. It is the last resort of the beneficiaries of a dying systeCn., a system that Ilas destroyed itself by its own follies. It cannot be saved by piiling Ossa on Pelion, by converting billions ofl' dollars in over due obligations Into new bonds blarling a Iigl;cr rate of in terest--and the finaniciers kno\\w tlhis. Thleir aim is tle pledlg ing of' the workers of thile United States to thie plans of a world wi'le tligarclhy, oii[trollingan arit of myc'r.cltaries pow\erfuli cngh tIo IIensal\'Ce the productive population of thie globe. TIie miasses Ineed to be awake to tlheir ldaniger as never be Sfore. The workers of lEurope are ratpidly demonstrating their ability to hauiidle their rulers, and we in thiis country shlioull throw'i nio obstacles in their path. Let the riilera of' Etirolte Sidtopl tie slauglt[r tlhat is going on, slop the tlozeni wars that -are inl progress, altnt allow the masses to resume l)production. They can niever pay their debts. biut whiat does it mnatter? The Swa\\'r was the result of the rivalries bet'wen t[l0 finance-cttlpi luIlists. No worker has profited fromn it, but they have. If their fortunes are liqluitlated in the universal wr.iling-off of obliga lions thalt will soonti occur, none will suffer [iut.those whose mad( schemes made the earth a charnel-hlouse. Mr. Harriman's colossal plan is a g,.,d ,lC- -rort the fitnin ciers--but it spells death to thousands of Ilthe masses -of this rtatioin. SIlrt1 ishl'1abor has served notice oi -Lloydl-(ictioge ;that will refuse to mulaJ.q or, tral~sgpr wvur h~laterial to lie used agiinsti Flussin ll) The J Ailwvazytliakers' Union at l)iinzig hus voted to ,hall war supplies ari'iih. g 't"that port destined for Polandi. the Australian Seamen's Union has int'orlued the governament that it will not be a part; to to tansport any troops in fut'ure, and that if the government wants to tranlspuort soldiers, it will have to ship them itself. The workers aie sure enough wvk ing up to the fact that they are the one Iig power that has the strength to put a stop to all wars. The lhilletin must have a hundred thousand readers, so that the in turination may be spread broadcast. The silent treatment given this kind of news by the capitalist press is a menace to the good work-it is in tended to be such. The deceit and double.dealing of t he Allies has. created a situation full oit danger to the world. B ood and Bullets (From the Labor Call:) a Rio de Janeiro.-We are going n in for. a lot of int'edse cultivation s, here lately. No, not the common ti and garden variety, please-don't I let us speak of anything that sug- h gests honest, useful, productive la bor, or we'll get an attack of the s vapors, after the good old Victorian ileals-but the blood and thunder 1l sort; in ,which bullets are the seeds I planted for the harvest of death. 'I Some people can never get enough t of a damnable thing, and lot us be b imitative, or die. a ..Blood and Bullet Brigade. c From the- window of my, house, r pemFhtedvop, ,as it ;is, in the hills, f and commanding a magnificent view e9 , tie h oldderruj harbor and )ty 'large ;pece of t' groudii, for,' which 'the go9verntllt'n has I;dently found "a use. Fro. tdeivey imor tbf' - dusky eve (1 hplie I've 'got it. right), o one can see thd "'lood ud l3Bii'ullet" brigade, foot' to he h clruhi, going through a long series of evbldtions I and revolutions, in, order to become experts in crime. Bang! Bang! Bang! Toot! Toot! Toot! Roll of urum sand Ian-tare of trumpet! Hur rah! Raw material being woven in the mills of hell, to be turned loose I later on society to destroy and pol lute all things which it comes into contact. Patriotism, how many crimes have been committed in thy name? Patriotisai, thou enemy of human brotherhood and common justice, tiger in the garb of a lamb, a sneering Satan in a robe of light, will men ever see thee as thou art, a millstone about the neck of the race, dragging us to spiritual damnation? "PI'atrioti;c" Fervor." Now, to those who are well ac quainted with the Brazilian and the methods of the country, these sud den outbursts of "patriotic" fervor can only have one meaning. With the ever-increasing menace to cap italism from Celitral Europe loom ing every day in fact, and the pos sibility-none too remote-of its crossing the sea, a trained army has suddenly become a dire neces sity to-the "patriots." So, then, every day we see the/ "down-and outs," rascals of every' degree (the brawnier chosen for preference) of every mixture and color, being in vited-perhaps, if we were quite truthful, we' would say enticed-to join up and be trained to "save their country;" or, in other words, "Ducky, Ducky, Ducky, come and be killed," and kill in a good cause. The protection of the parasite is the burning topic of the day, and even color loses its significance in the struggle. There are more black faces than white or mulatto in the choice collection now drilling un derneath my window; but, still, that does not matter. Europe has already set a. good example by em ploying Congo blacks to quell the workers in the Ruhr district of Germany. When the Sleepers Awake! When H. G. Wells wrote that ex traordinaary forecast, "When the sleeper awakes," he warned human ity of two serious dangers-or per haps one should say menaces-to human liberty. One of them was the employment by capitalism of irained Zulus in quelling riots in Europe, the other was a certain wicked "charitable" institution work ing deliberately and brazenly hand in glove with capital for the en slavement of, the worker under the cloak of religion. People smiled and called him a visionary. Some merely said he was a seer---that is, those who were best acquainted with the method of capital. But it now appears that he did not have to look so far ahead after all. 'He also pointed out very clearly the infamy of certain people who i~ake a luxurious living out of these. "charitable" institutions. In a de cent and really civilized community, such "spongers" would be hohnded out in less than 24 hours, as they are the most dangerous parasites of all, battering and fattening, like the repulsive vermin that they are, oni tihe vices, ignorance, superstitions, and, worse still, the misfortunes of their fellows. While "Fat" can em ploy these unspeakable go-betweens to keep the broken and disinherited at bay, therg is little hope for hu manity. What can one expect fromi people who look upon such a "cell ing" as honorable and respectable? In a properly-organized society we would demand, not charity, but common justice. When certain peo ple are permitted to build up vast I "charitable" organizations and grow abnormally "Fat" on them in a so called enlightened era, it is time to pause and think. Patriotism and charity are fit mates for each other I' -infamy miated to murder. No Swonder the worli has become the vile cesspit thlat it is today! A Quler Conversation. Apropos of Brazil, the other day I held a queer conversation with a conundrum in biology at my door. Ostensibly he was a Turk, who was selling Oriental silks from house to house. Later, it transpired, he was' an Egyptian of mixed descent, re cently arrived from Alexandria. Dis cerning that I spoke English, he dropped the Portugese in favor of the English language, which he spoke with extraordinary fluency, and with an excellent accent, so much so, indeed, that I was quite astonished. The following ale dxtracts from the conversatialn: ' "Does madanle, khow,' gyupt,''..",, "Yes fii'iy ell. I'n1w 'airýp you Ie. Eiisls . . qad served, in M5esipitanhla, w'here I nearliy died of cholei'h. My brother was burlhed alive before pjy eyes." "What do you say-burned? By whom?" "Well, madame, the allies did this. It is the truth. When the cholera got bad, the general or dered all the doctors and nurses and patients into the hospital, locked them in, and, after spraying kerosene all over the hospitals, set fire to them! I saw many Egyptians and Turks who wouldn't fight for the allies blown from a gun and" (with a horrible laugh, sudden and sickening)--'I helped. * * *I had to. * * * My God, madame." (wiping his brow), "I've been in hell. The vermin nearly drove me mad: Some did run raving made and had to be shot, as they 'were worse than the enemy. We didn't see much enemy, but it was the trenches that were awful! Awful!. I was glad when we were sent home!" "Why do you lie to me?" I asked, sternly. "Madame, I am a servant of Al lah. May I never see paradise if I lie! Why should I lie to you? There were some Irishmen sent out to join our contingent, who had been arrested in their country, in some rebellion or other. These were chained to their cannons when they refused to fight,. and P me were d9ced to d a It a horses. M ity were w it-saw i'ft with my own eyes; and there w re starvi 'V ";'ate "the Adad." ,i. ey., begamn to roll, and his hlian z tj ed to twit.:fspasmodic-' a y. I h tened to interpose, fear-, ii ng'.n ous crisis. `")ri 4. . you were gla-d to get home?" "Yes,. madame; but I found things terrible there. There were a few more people very rich, especially among the Jews, but the majority of the people were so miAerably poor that it' was impossible to im agine how they existed at all, and thousands are starving by inches. though there is plenty of food for the soldiers. There is fighting all the time, and the government have armed all the criminals and let them loose to kill in the streets as they please. There is no law, unless murder is such. I could not live there. I was nearly mad. I am only 25, so I ran away to seek for some thing better. That is why I am here. My people are starving, and my eldest brother cannot get work. I worked my passage here, thanks he to Allah. I think tile world is mad!" Narrowly studying him during these scraps of information, I be gan to suspect that his sufferings had not left him altogether sane. I bought a trifle of silk, and ha stened to close the door, wishing that I could as easily shut out civil ization and all its accursed works. STAITE COLLEGE SHORT SEVERAL INSTRUCTORS Bozeman, Sept. 14.--The school year of 1920-21 at Montana state college at Bozeman will begin with registration on Sept. 28 and 29 for the autumn quarter. According to figures made up in the office of the registrar at the state college, the attendance this year will be from 18 to 22 per cent higher than last year. Class instruction will begin on Sept. 30. .The opening of another fall quar ter finds the faculty list at the state college with many changes of names. Resignations during the past year have necessitated the hiring of many new instructors and professors, and a few positions still remain unfilled. Inability, of the 4tate college, through lack of funds, to pay adequate salar ies has made it impossible to fill some vacancies, although thase places probably will be filled before the second quarter if the state passes the two financial measures favoring the University of Montana. PAINTERS I~TUIlLISH JOU]NANsL. (By the Federated Press.) Seattle, Sept. 14.-Painters of the northwest in convention hee have voted to establish a monthly jour nal devoted to their craft. o -- --- --------0 Thiers--Mannerheim Horthy. One, drunk with power, on France his fingers pressed, And thousands of her children gasped andi died; Another swept o'er Finland and his his stride Brought icy Death to each rebellious breast. Again, when groaning Hungary's op pressed Arose and beat base brigandage aside A third White monster launched the Terror wide And Freedom, choked and bleeding sank to rest. Though tyrants with ' their hired butcher: wade Through gory seas that sweep t world betrayed, Claiming their victims all the ages down, Who fall like leaves 'neath Autumn's withering frown, The hour draws near when they in headlong flight a Shall plulnge into the lethean pool of night. -Charles H. Ross, BRIGHT LINES. 0--. . o (Garnered Here and There by the Federated Press. S"L\nalyzing the causes of unrest. thme Rev. John Mushead of Squirrel (corner, N. D., declares that inas: . uch as the farmers works in the pen faýPa . e has no grouend to kick ab out the overhead expense." : When thousands kill one, it means ' r at taio riu .id.--Leonld The true test of idealism is how I much ugliness one can look upon and survive.--Richard LeGallienne "Strange how a man earning a thousand dollars a day can get blue in the face because another demands five dollars a day." H. C. Peterson, the local tomb stone and marble works proprietor, =s busily engaged these days and is highly pleased with the outlook here.--Crescent City Courier. FRIDAY is the last day to iRegister for the November Election. " -'. ... . . . . ; . , - .Inciting Revolutions. 0 0 (By ANINE.) SSta:ff Writer for Federated Press;. What is this startling news From across the Pacific Coming from far Korea! The U. S. Congressmen Are accused of addressing Revolutionary mneetings! And Conlgressnman lBersinun Was ven seized In .a forbidden t ,rin, And was forcibl "remoi ed From ti ni ighborhood! Truli, It is a refreshing sight 'To see bur congressn)'lu r! RETURNING " " d To the old traditions Of the REPUBLIC, To those early days When all autocrats feared us, Because our mere presence And the example of Liberty That we stood for Was in itself incitement To REVOLUTION Just as in these days The Bolshevik ambassadors I:y their mere presence Upset the equanimity Of money-kings! But alas, I fear our congressmen a * *. No longer go forth FLAMING With the fire of revolution, Except of course in nations Exploited by the Japs, For of course- when Orientals Try military suppression They are seeking the privileges of WIr-ITE FOLKS, "Anud ANYONIE canni tlite ARevolution against THEM And be applauded By .the most respectable! I wish I could' believe That WHEREVER they go To India or ireland Or Syria or Algiers Our American congressmen Were bearers of LIGHT To the down-trodden, But when I look over The congressmen I know It seems hardly likely That they would make folks Think NATUItALLY Of. FREEDI)OM! I fear in imost countries They only incite NOT Revolution. But desire for TRADE, And stir up the hope Of the natives NOT for a new order But merely for fleecing These wealthy American tourists! Red-Headed Rhetairait Cashier. o- -----0. S Ily CARL SANDB)IURIG. (All rigits 'erved,. by the Fed Shake backTyoiti' hair, O, red-heade4: girl:.................. Let go your laughter and keep you. it4yb7 e 1e log i iour Som l. is a man looking for a , l. -bleaded girl and some day maybe he will look into your eyes for a restaurant cashier and find a lover, maybe. Around and around go ten thousand men hunting a red-headed girl with two freckles on her chin. I have seen them hunting, hunting. Shake back your hair; let go your laughter. FIUME INDEPENDENT. (By the Federated Press.) Paris. Sept. 14.-Finme has been declared an independent sttsa b-r Gabrielle D'Annunzio, and the Fiume national council has resigned, accord ing to advices today from Rome,