Newspaper Page Text
L icept uadia7 b; the Bulletii Pu8blaing 'a.
i flitattei, einbto 18, 1917, at the f'oatothee ; taba Unde,Act of Mt' .!, 1489; "flW' A$ýD IVTO~tAL. flOM . -101 ! . WDA U wr. S .....P .... .00 i o .... ... ............. 2.75 By the Year ...-...... !.0 .OFIOFAL ORGA1ý OF TSB r. &I,4ý PStatei metal i2 WUA1 r 1EPTEMIUEU.EFL- 1 972, 1920. The Newr York Tragedy Thb- horrifying disaster ifi Nevi York's financial district has shocted the nation. Hardly are the bodies of the victims cold before the Burns Detective Agency is trying to capitalize the tragedy and drum up more filthy business for the band of crooks it keeps on the payroll. According to a statement issued b. the head of the agency, a letter warning of a bomb-plot had iben sent recently to all eastern clients. This would be enough of a clue for us if we were trying to fix responsibility for the explosion. When these disasters are predicted and then occur, it seems to us that a searching In vestigation. of detective agencies is called for. Business has been rather quiet for these self-appointed saviors of -humanity for some time. According to estimates made by Stephen Doyle, formerly a private detective employed by a number of agencies, in an open letter to President Wil son, there are i33,000 of this brood in the United States. They live'by promoting plots of violence and creating fear of vio Icnce in the minds of the wealthy. Here, it seems to us, is a clue for the police department of New Yortk City. Again, if as is stated by some witnesses, the explosion was the result of the collision of a truck loaded with explosives with another vehicle, it is quite likely that the owners of the explosives would be very glad to have the blame placed at the door of some 'mythical band of reds, for the reason that the restilting damage suits will very nearly bankrupt them. It seems ratiher strange that the department of justice, and all the private detective agencies with which it co-operates, could not have prevented this explosion if, as insinuated by the. deplrtment, it was the result of a plot. An ounce of pre vention is certainly worth a pound of cure in these cases. Meanwhile, the press will run the gamut of speculation and hammer away at the radicals until public interest lags. It is probable that nothing will be done except to round up some innocent persons, who will get the front page when ao.ccused but whose subsequeilt release will receive no publicity what ever. This has 'been the history of similar scares in the last three years. Jutice In West Virginia One of the fundamental 'rights .presumrably' guaranteed to every man andd wotimanin this much vaunted "land of the free" , anudparadise of corrupt legislative, executive and judicial offi- ii cers, is that privilege of quitting a job whensoever it pleases n the job-holder. In West Virginia, however, apparently that particular phase l of "American liberty", like other phases, is observed by the p courts in the breach rather than in the observance. Perhaps e the three judges in the West Virginia state court of appeals have. never heard of them, or if they have, have 'cokoveniently tl forgotten that such institutions as the Declaration of Inde- d pendence, or the United States Constitution have ever existed, since their elevation to the bench. . f Another presumed right of every "free-born American" is that of joining any society or organization that has not for its object the commission of crime. In West Virginia yesterday, however, the appellate judges of that state -hirelings of the corporate interests, like judges elsewhere, issued an injunction restraining the national and district officers of the United Mine Workers of America, the coal miners' organization, from attempting to induce non union coal miners in that state to join the union "in violation of contracts with employing coal companies." And what are these "contracts" which the VWest Virginia judges deem so much more sacred than the constitutional guar antees presumred to be the inherent right of every American citizen? Nothing more nor less than the contract that any employe and employer enter into when the former agrees to work for the latter for a certain sum in daily wages. Certainly there never has been, nor can there be, any laws passed that will force an employe in this country to continue inithe employment of any particular employer. The abolition of slavery 'by the Lincoln. proclamation and the Thirteenth amendment settled that question once for all in the minds of .everyone but the West Virginia judges and their fellows who interpret the laws in the interests 'of their masters of big indus try.and bigger finance. As' to the question of joining the union, West Virginia's judges or no judges, no man can be stopped from enlisting as ia is:ember, ifnany organization. 'the judges in question should recil that 'part of ancient history whereini it tells of how the early Ghristians were prohibited' from joining the Christian c'hitnh, and yet they did joiir.-, the judges might refresh them sIVes tas to the history of our own country, previous to the 6i1r4#0l ,n wlien Etglish laws prohibited the American colo nists frori jbiihi n.fri the revolt, and yet they did join and they. jc'v0 ..mj rip.iing to nmore recent times, the judges might r..al t ii ondthe Czar in Russia peasa~ts and .l t!ir,,weS B prohibxTl8a8 rom joining any organiaztion that ;opposedkCzarism, tioet I iinl d "restrictive measures. against, 'pogress never yet piqoved successful. History has shown that just prior to: tlhe 'd.ifatl oftyrants in all the ages of the world, the re strictivbe teasures taken by the doomed ones were made more dnerotis, and the more onerous the restrictions the more pow erful iin niugibers'bee.me the restricted. And such it will prove in West Virginia's coal fields. The more despotic the authorities in control of the machinery of the courts and the ejecutive branches of the government be come against the cause: of the' workers, the greater and the wmre ,apid the growth of that which they seek to suppress. Surely, if it is illegal foi a man to ask his fellow worker to join Atphe United bMine Workers of America because of' the -"con-' tr.act"under -.hid- . .e wror.ke. is employed ib If.iil com pariy,hlen it is equally illegal for a Catholic ~ i7h C ongre gationfal 'ministetr or the exponieint of another . in of faith to seek to wean a Blaptist, a Methodist or a Q.blei' fronm his church, since he, too, ettefed'into a contract *ihen he was hap tized,'to "stay put" with the' faith of his bape'rs However, between judges and their friends, bhat is a little n .matte'.:of legality or illegatlity of action so long as it suits their e n d s ? , .. Aid Sought For Rialto P *If t fillijsine.s ifik6l'fi kAlts follow the a.die 'gratuitously Jiven by Jolhn ;ai~neoat in a recent c,ýl~itnin ation sent Out :c 'hyliin, thliy w0il close thpic qi.yri places of bisiness, collees : thieh·i fanmaies 'and. iii tlhefuture, spec T-.h their time a . t'ioney at Mlutt'.s only scab'theite'te--tr ltfd .i ' .... ,. It 'gives ts 'considerable pleasure to assist Jvyn in his pub- I licity campaig'"vby publishiiig the following: communication without chaige. It. is only fair that our readei.s should know I -of the dire straits the Rialto is in as a result of its inability to comply with the working rules of the Musicians' Union and of the refusal of the workers to patronize it because of the dis pute. The letter to the members of the Associated Industries fol lows: BUT"]T DIVISION ASSOCIATED INDUSTRIES 01" MONTANA Butte, Mont., Sept. 15, 19'20. Mr ................ .................... .. ............. .. Butte, Montana. Dear Sir: There is much TALK in lutte right. NOW about what should be done to foster and support home industries. Unless you were' the kind who feels a personal obligation in a matter of this kind one whose effort does not stop at the spoken or printed word this letter would not be written to you. This is a caiLto action. 4 The Rialto Theatre--one of Butte's largest enterprises-Is be ing bannered as "unfair" to organized labor. More 'than that, 4 there is a systematic, underground boycott propaganda working 24 hours a day against it. Do you know that all labor union minm hers are fined heavily it they patronize it? And for what? Can anyone answer? The Rialto paid and pays high wages. It never had a controversy with labor. And yet some weeks ago-its operators and musicians were, Ordered to quit, by someone in New York, because two partners in the Rialto (who were induced to spend a quarter million dollars here) also own a one-fourth interest in Tacoma theatres, in Which city there is a dispute between the operators and managers of all the moving picture houses. Mind you-there is NOTHING the Rialto can do to change the situation In Tacoma! . The Itlalto management is not asking for.assistance. It has to date borne the attack alone, quietly, firmly. Nor does t, ask for help now. But have YOU thought of the tremendous principle involved? Of the blow to the city's future industrial growth if this cowardly, unwarranted assault on a business. establislhment should succeed on account of YOUR indifference or YOUR negli gence. While the Rialto is entitled to active, continuous:.support as a mere, matter of equity and Justice as between men, there is some thing :more important than any obligation to its owners' material investment of dollars and cents--it is more vital THAT CIVIC CONSCIOUSNESS IN THIS COMMUNITY BE THOROUGHLY AWAKENED. What have YOU done about it? What are YOU doing now? What do YOU expect to do? Your PRESENCE is the' only genuine help needed-YOUR presence and that of YOUR. family and YOUR friends. '.Jet us unite on this program as an exercise of our American rights.' Do it today--AND TOMORROW AGAIN. Very 'truly yours, JOHN H. McINTOSH, Executi.e Cotimittee. We hope the members of the Associated Industries will heed the above appeal. There is an opportuNitty here for an interesting experiment, an experiment to det.ergi.ne whetheid or not a 'business concern can exist on the patronage of business men exclusively. If it can be demonstratedtliht this is possi ble, the future of the Ilialto is assured, although 'a similar ex periment at the now' defunct scabteria does not' afford much encouragemenit. There is another possibility which Jawn, in hi's boyish en thusiasm, may have overlooked. It' is that the workers might decide to boycott patrbns'of the Rialto merely to discover the depth of their class-consciousness. This would' open up a wide field in experimental pschology and the results of the experi ment would be watched with interest in 'other scientific centers. The League' Excuse for Existing If tat salaries are any attraction, the officials of the league of nations \will certainly try to maintain the organization whether any attention is paid to it or not. There are 357 per sons connected with the league, all or most of them receiving mnunificient salaries, of which the following are examples: The secretary-general gets $50,000 a year. Two under secretaries draw $t ,000. The private secretary to the chief secretary is paid $25,000. The director of each section (there are a dozen or so) receives from $10,000"to $12,000, while the members of the sections are paid $3,000Q to $6,000. The chief librarian gets $5,000, and. the director of the international bureau of labor, Albert Thomas, gets $30,000. Other salaries are. Chief of th'e diplotiiatic division, $9,900; chief of the service of inquiries into Sovietism, $6,000; sub-chief in the scientific division, $5,000. The league itself is a joke! Twenty-six nations have signed the covenant, but it appeal's unable to stop the two or three dozen wars that are in progress in various parts of Europe and Asia; nations like France and England do as they please with the league unable to either censure or approve. Juicy salt ries have been provided for a lot of hangel's-on. This is the sole achievement to date of the much-touted league. News reports, even -the Associated Plrcss. yesterday carried interviewtsa wi'th eye-witnesses of the explosion in New York's finaicial'-'t'trict 'who declared the blast was caused when an a4tQ4voIle ,colihed with a horse-drawn truck loaded, with trfiPllotaiolol. All accounts agreed the wagon bore a red flag ok.each, aida, },a ,. ,ir 1nubte 1y*, the presenceo the red ~lags' tlht ea ustidthlbb.sti.t.t iorst. fromn th.l 4rtment ip. 'd adalhad heaved a bomb at J. P. organtS 1sofficerrulzý,t, ý rie VWell, 1ill, it s too > .. "lRed Baiter' Plali.-.I.rr Imow in advance that a wagonload of high-powere `explosive WVas to go off at Wall and Broad streets yesterday. However, yesterday's explosion, unlike the "bomb plots" with which Pal mer regaled us last summer, was apparently not "taged by Palmer's "detcckatives", and A. Mitch's wireless with Provi dence being out of order, he missed a great chancte for goug ing another huge. appropriation out of congress for anti-red pogroms. "It is an interesting. fact'that the resistance of a. people to oppressioyu is itself always used as a reso, Ifir p.pression." m the Duluth T ruth.) (FY·rom th'e Duluth~ TIrth.).. ' Out zn rthe fields of. Poland and Russia. nmB are dylifg. They 'are shedding' their 'blood 'in orderi that the Blittish and. French imperialists might obtain oil. The workers' shed iheii- blood to obtain oil for their uasters. , Oil bhap now taken its place in the front ranks pt commodities that are absolutely epsential. "We are now using 'oil to L produce motive power for ships, etc.) It is thereforie be qomrn. ,ecAssar~y for the capitalist So obtain oil. Great Britain' ceter upo. exlc. f America can m nopoly and so keep out 'Gl Britain, then Anferica ."will obtain th$ world'am ;tl'anei''ea' thth et othpr hahd, AIf Great- lBritain. ca. gqlit~p a monopoly on~ oil, .she wtll : re.Z, out America 'antiobtain thet orld's' trade. 'The struggke,,deyelopsrl,nto a struggle for oilt.*.That is,' by we: have the Polish war-and w,&y we are going to have a Mexican war. That is 'if you stand for another war! At. the present .time Mexico is. producing 75,000,000 barrels of oil annually. The flow of oil is unusu steady, indicating that there are vast quantities available. These oil wells of Mexico are only about 20 miles from the ocean, making. It a simple matter to export it. Pipes are laid down which carry the oil to the sea ports and a large fleet of tank steamers carry it away. The oil is pumped out to the vessels a mile from the shore. So you can 'readily see what a wonderful country Mex ico is! Mexico is now second to the Unit ed States among the oil-prodltring countries of the world. It has been calculated that Mexico's production of oil during 1920 was between 130,000,000 and 135,000,000 bar rels,, one-fifth of the oil of the I world, and more than that of the rest of the world outside of these United States. Furthermore it is said, With good authority, that in 18 years the oil deposits of America will be exhausted, whilst on the other hand the deposits of Mexico are inexhaustible. You betcha, Mex ico is a fine country! Now the Mexican people are very patriotic, in fact, they have to a certain extent learned a few slang words from the American dictionary of slang. They say to the foreigner, just like we do, "if you don't like this country, get to hell out of it.'" In 1917 they passed some laws and adopted a new Constitution. They state in one of the articles of this constitution, article 27, that royalies must be paid to the Mexican govern ment on all minerals, deposits, etc., taken from the land. They go even further 'and state that the ownership of the Mexican oil wells shall only be in the hands of the Mexican peo ple. Article 28 expressly states: "Only Mexicans by birth or natural ization and Mexican companies have any right to acquire ownership in land, waters, and their appurten ances, or to obtain concessions to develop mines, water or mineral fuels in the republic of Mexico. The nationr may grant the same right to foreigners provided they agree before the department of foreign affairs to be considered Mexicans in respect to such property, and ac cordingly not to invoke the protec tion of their governments in respect to same." In other words, the Mex ican government Claims complete jurisdiction over the control of the resources of Mexico. Look out be low! You have read in your newspa pers about the terrible doings that have been going on in Mexico. How they have had revolutions, at the rate' of one a day. Many of you really believe all that 'you read in your papers about Mexico, just like you do about the Bolsheviki.. The stories that you read about Russia were concocted by grand dukes and other members of the lower order ,of society. The stories that you read about Mexico are, concocted biy paid hacks in the pay of the following companies: National Bank of Commerce, Tex as company, Inter-Continental Rub ber company, Pan-American Petrole um and Transport company, Monte zuma Copper company, Greene Can anea Copper company, J. P. Morgan and Company, Guaranty Trust com pany, Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, and the Yaqui, Delta Land and Water company. This bunch of parasites has formed itself into an association with the euphonious title of the Association for the Protection of American Rights (?) in Mexico. They send out all the lurid stories that you hear and read about Mex ico. They even go so far as to foment revolution against any gov ernment that does not do their bid ding. These people, if the truth was known, will be found to have been responsible for the murder of Carranza. In America this bunch tells us poor benighted aliens to go back to the country that we came from, etc. But when the Mexicans tell them the same story, they incite people to revolution. This Socialism and the British Labor Partyi By G. BERNAIRD SHAW, National Guilds League Lecture, . Delivered at Kingsway Hall, London How to Savy Money. T.4 moppi -. . . . .inore money- thah ba wE4a;ett snd~,o saves|akutithea.ddes.,hot do tb ibefore+ Fa liis as s starving himself"andgridt famsn~ly r a 188afty rtibalvii intf ct v f.arla ,a r rson ana on t t t0 '' e. p• .. ed for. gut If youive a Man £50, 0i & or £1,000 a day-and that is the sort of income people have nowadays you can see that then money saves 'itself, and these people who had land and capital-the only pro fession they had was fighting.. They still had the point of''honor; if there was a war they were bound to go and fight and they did. But they had plenty of other things to do-they had hunting, shooting, dancing and occupations Qf that kind. Even 1 or 2 per cent of them took to art and literature. bunchi culd only have been born in one place and you know where it is. Next time you read about Mexican 'troubles, think of this crowd 'and ,also think of what Major Lyn Dinkins, president of the Inter state Bank of New Orleans, after six weeks' tour in Mexico, stated in the New York Tribune, April 11, 1920: "We 'did not see 'a single bandit 'i1' hear of any. We found conditions politically, financially and socially different from the impressions we enthYtiiiid7 befdre our departure. We traveled more than two thou miles by railroad hin the, li 1is of the lic, ;and' ou'trains w e. "Tlih ro (beds of n aiI'.bads ar ibettner than ose o e I alines." iEllis, ba kler and tjei all ptreet " York,, cett~iu~lL lt the nail on the head,' whqh"i ad "Mexico without a doubt 1s'ht richest spot on the face of the earth and I have often thought that this is why there is so much trouble in that country." . But then you will say that the Mexicans have killed: American cit izens. .Do you think that, would be grounds for possible' intervention? If you think so, then the Mexicans are justified, that is, if we pursue the same line of reasoning in inter yening in America. The official list of Americans killed, published and furnished by the American ambas sador in July, 1919, totalled 217. This number includes those who were killed in the various American military invasions, those who had joined the Mexican rebel forces, Americans killed by Americans, Americans killed by bandits, these bandits having been supplied with finances by some of the Wall Street pirates. As a contrast there were 300 Mexican farmers killed afteit the Villa raid. Presumably they were killed in the interest of de mocracy. La Follette says: "More Amer ican citizens have been killed in the past two years in this country in lynching bees 'and race riots than have been killed from all causes during the eight years of revolution in Mexico." If our desire to clean up Mexico is one governed by charitable mo tives, might we not suggest that "charity begins at home." During 33 years of peace, 1885 to 1918, there have been 3,889 men and women hanged, shot, roasted and lynched in America. Let us cldan up our doorstep and then the vil lage will be clean is an old Irish saying. There is some truth to it. Of course, it is stretching matters by arguing that our interest in Mexico is one of ethics and public morality. Might we suggest that the following, facts may enlighten us ,a little: The Aguila company had an orig inal investment of $30,000,000 American gold in Mexico and by utilizing the natural resources of Mexico they cleaned up in one year, 1918, the sum of $14,000,000. The Dutch Shell company which operates in Mexico, paid a' dividend of 4'8 per eent 'on its deferred stock and 37 per cent 'on its Common stock.' " The Pan'-Anrerlceh Peftdlfeni' and Transport company 'paid a dividend of 28 per, cent a quarter. during 1918. ' '. Hon. La Guardia, president of the board of aldermen of the city of New York, stated, when he was 'in congress, that American oil inter ests financed ' General Pelaez to stand between them and Carranza. They paid him $190,000 per m6nth. It was one of General Pelaez's as sistants, General Herrera, who .mur dered President Carranza. Now we have placed , the facts before you. We have given you both sides of the case. It is easy to 'see why we should go to war with Mexico. Mexico is rich in oil. Oil is necessary to assist the cap itallst class of Great Britain. If the capitalist class of America really need the oil and they- can only ohb tain it by subduing Mexico, then why do they not form an army, of themselves, and conquer Mexico? No they will fool you that your country is in danger. Your blood is aroused and you really believe that 'a small nation would be so foolish as to try and conquer America. Wake up and realize that war with Mexico is a development of imperialism. Imperialism is a development of capitalism. Capitalism is the sys tem that sweats and enslaves you and makes you poor and your boss rich. Are you going to shed your blood in order to obtain oil for your masters or are you going to stiffen your backs and make your masters do thefif' own fighting? Let Mexico alone. The Mexican workers are capable of making Mexico good :enough to live in. You get busy and organize yourselves and rid yourselves of those people wlmho sweat you. Do not let another war be fought. Let your slogans le: Hands off Mexico; Masters fight your own battles! But you see land was no use to them because they dlid not want to. dig. Capital, saved up money, was u..us$ to them because they did not &iiqetetanq business. Accordingly, S'middlT~-class man came in and d ' ' iie . your 'land and8your l fli.; w i~rt'ay so much for it," `at e"'" ýt tdiat land and capital E ie jaor, having a knowl e ub'.b es, and gave th' flab rrjut enough to keep hifn alive, op not top luxurious a scap,,a and hiviing set 'the laborer to woik, having produced certain goods or' rendered certainlervices for which the public paid him .very well, he had a lump of money in his hand, so he paid the landlord his rent; paid the capitalist his capital, the laborer his' wages and kept the rest to him self, and called it his profit. But you -will understand that' all the time he was the organizer of the robbery which the robber class originally did for themselves with a few retainers, and as he becameo-he effective working person concerned hI-.naturally became very' powerful and indispensable. . What course did he politically taje? . Instead of taking up with moder~;socialist ideas i.t beinrr -il: ,vay b iS=the nature oft i potitlon against, the working classeii; knnfwing that the more he gave to the wor .. ing classes the less there would be left for himself, and knowing: the working classes in their Unreasoneable way always wanted to get as much as possible.. and feave as little as possible for himself, he got into the tradition that he was against the working classes, and also being able to read 'and write, which in those days the working classes were not, he regarded himself as being naturally on the side' of the. robber clasn. .Ho" (alipitalist Bl".-n. He wntrtnl fliltly o bip atjo robber himselt: do at o er class 'haild doi';:e EA , om the active business of robbery, handing it ove' to oPmebody eL. cumulate, proi ' he uI iWit rieh•'enor gli,.o belong to tile rol~ iy class'. But' tth. robber class"'did fridt like that; they wanted to retain their exclusiveness.. They said, You are a vulgar tradesman. If all these tel lows who have factories and shops, and talk to vulgar people like work men and grab money, if these minc are to come among us with their comparatively rough manners--tihe sort of manners a Manchester man has, for example-we cannot retain the beauty, dignity and exclusivenecss >f our life. Then the 'mriddle-clac:i man said, I am determined yout shall; I am going to break down your privileges; I am' determined to bring about a state of things in this country in which any man who ,.tni rob can get into the robber class. Now what is the name of that creed? What is the name oL thait determination? The name of it, gentlemen, is Liberalism, and its colors are still nailed to the mast by my friend, Mr. Asquith. I say quite unreservedly that I do admrire Mr'. Asquith for going to Paisley! the other day. If lie had been like somne other statesmen, who think.of noth ing but pleasing their audiences and getting votes, I can imagine Mr. As quith beginning by saying the world was advancing, ideas weie changing, and Liberalism had learned a great deal from Labor. Not a bit' of it. He nailed his colors to the jirast and, practically began his campaigr 'by saying, "Gentlemen, I have learned nothing and I have forgotten noth ing." And that is as far as we have got at present. We have got the old ex clusive robber class hack in its old form. It was broken down finally by the French revolution and the re form bill of 1832' in this country. Now the Liberals may claim that they have achieved what 'I saiu they were out to achieve. Here am I; I have a very high opinion of my own social position, but I have not got a title. I think the nearest rela tionship I can claim to a title is a third cousin, but; nevertheless. I have only to put money i.n my .popket and I can go anywhere. You see the intermarriage of the upper classes; they positively, selpti igtqr-, inarriage ivith' vulgar Americans wh.o have made money in trade. In point of fact that is what is keeping our old nobility to - -very great, extent alive-a mixture of blood and niooney. Your countries are governied in that way. You have now got, not the only limited aristocracy of the robber class, but that large, that democratic sort of robbery we may caV plutocracy. A career is open to the talented, and society is open to the rich. The particular talept to which a career is open is that of getting as much money as you can out of other people's pockels and putting it into your own. I myself, and, I believe, the organ ization for which I am speaking and most Socialist societies anid a good many eccentric philanthrophists here and there, want to turn their backs on this particular principle. They want to stop robbing. They want to go in for general co-operation for the good of the community, in short, to, Socialisnl. Is there any likelihood, any sign .of the formation of a party in thiis country which will absolutely throws over the idea of robbery and go in for co-operative and common pro duction for the benefit of the whole country? which will take as its meot to that it wants the greatest dis tribution of life and life more abundantly in the old form, which will do away absolutely with idle ness, and not only with idleness but with non-productiveness, and which will set up a new ideal of a gentle man, the old ideal being a man who had no visible means of subsistence; which will set up this ideal foi a gentleman, that in the first place he shall pay his way from the begin ning to the end of his life; he shall not leave the world any poJr,,r th,.., lie found it; and going on froim that to such eminence and virtue as may set a man above his fellows. that shall be measured to the extent rby which every man leaves the conm munity in his debt; that the world is the richer for his having li\vd; for everything that he has consumedl in the course of his life he has pro duced an equivalent for it, and not only that, but has 'produced more than that equivalent, he has pro duced what' the Marxist would call a surplus value, and that surplus value has gone to enrich the whole of the community. Tf"e'Ameritan i·-lnfoitmed-,tliat .tit a' ice'mf .'ine'ting of f ffuit and,' pifl duke itealer4h YakimiaJit iWas deid-. ed to' 'et'thW(pe%4d4rojerortoori the. trees before the dealersWOdtdd bu ." ete a eIb r -of" Th truit- and that e b.v ýifAY tW .p ltede~ ar ne appl gamet is sýid that the .urposs 2I frj growers to come to the war-houses and offer the stuff at whatever- price the dealers are willing to pay. The American is not advised' as to -whether this dealers' pool is complete or only nearly complete. In any event, no more forceful argument has yet been advanced for publicly owned cold and common storage, at both ship ping and consuming centers. and for cheap crop credits that will en able growers to market their fruit and produce evenly ihroughout the consuming season;-Yakima- Amer, ican.