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The Butte daily bulletin. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1918-1921, September 17, 1920, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045085/1920-09-17/ed-1/seq-4/

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L icept uadia7 b; the Bulletii Pu8blaing 'a.
i flitattei, einbto 18, 1917, at the f'oatothee
; taba Unde,Act of Mt' .!, 1489;
"flW' A$ýD IVTO~tAL. flOM . -101 ! . WDA U wr.
S .....P .... .00 i o .... ... .............
2.75 By the Year ...-...... !.0
.OFIOFAL ORGA1ý OF TSB
r. &I,4ý PStatei metal
i2 WUA1 r 1EPTEMIUEU.EFL- 1 972, 1920.
The Newr York Tragedy
Thb- horrifying disaster ifi Nevi York's financial district has
shocted the nation. Hardly are the bodies of the victims cold
before the Burns Detective Agency is trying to capitalize the
tragedy and drum up more filthy business for the band of
crooks it keeps on the payroll. According to a statement issued
b. the head of the agency, a letter warning of a bomb-plot had
iben sent recently to all eastern clients.
This would be enough of a clue for us if we were trying to
fix responsibility for the explosion. When these disasters are
predicted and then occur, it seems to us that a searching In
vestigation. of detective agencies is called for.
Business has been rather quiet for these self-appointed
saviors of -humanity for some time. According to estimates
made by Stephen Doyle, formerly a private detective employed
by a number of agencies, in an open letter to President Wil
son, there are i33,000 of this brood in the United States. They
live'by promoting plots of violence and creating fear of vio
Icnce in the minds of the wealthy.
Here, it seems to us, is a clue for the police department of
New Yortk City.
Again, if as is stated by some witnesses, the explosion was
the result of the collision of a truck loaded with explosives
with another vehicle, it is quite likely that the owners of the
explosives would be very glad to have the blame placed at the
door of some 'mythical band of reds, for the reason that the
restilting damage suits will very nearly bankrupt them.
It seems ratiher strange that the department of justice, and
all the private detective agencies with which it co-operates,
could not have prevented this explosion if, as insinuated by
the. deplrtment, it was the result of a plot. An ounce of pre
vention is certainly worth a pound of cure in these cases.
Meanwhile, the press will run the gamut of speculation and
hammer away at the radicals until public interest lags. It is
probable that nothing will be done except to round up some
innocent persons, who will get the front page when ao.ccused
but whose subsequeilt release will receive no publicity what
ever. This has 'been the history of similar scares in the last
three years.
Jutice In West Virginia
One of the fundamental 'rights .presumrably' guaranteed to
every man andd wotimanin this much vaunted "land of the free" ,
anudparadise of corrupt legislative, executive and judicial offi- ii
cers, is that privilege of quitting a job whensoever it pleases n
the job-holder.
In West Virginia, however, apparently that particular phase l
of "American liberty", like other phases, is observed by the p
courts in the breach rather than in the observance. Perhaps e
the three judges in the West Virginia state court of appeals
have. never heard of them, or if they have, have 'cokoveniently tl
forgotten that such institutions as the Declaration of Inde- d
pendence, or the United States Constitution have ever existed,
since their elevation to the bench. . f
Another presumed right of every "free-born American" is
that of joining any society or organization that has not for its
object the commission of crime.
In West Virginia yesterday, however, the appellate judges
of that state -hirelings of the corporate interests, like judges
elsewhere, issued an injunction restraining the national and
district officers of the United Mine Workers of America, the
coal miners' organization, from attempting to induce non
union coal miners in that state to join the union "in violation
of contracts with employing coal companies."
And what are these "contracts" which the VWest Virginia
judges deem so much more sacred than the constitutional guar
antees presumred to be the inherent right of every American
citizen? Nothing more nor less than the contract that any
employe and employer enter into when the former agrees to
work for the latter for a certain sum in daily wages.
Certainly there never has been, nor can there be, any laws
passed that will force an employe in this country to continue
inithe employment of any particular employer. The abolition
of slavery 'by the Lincoln. proclamation and the Thirteenth
amendment settled that question once for all in the minds of
.everyone but the West Virginia judges and their fellows who
interpret the laws in the interests 'of their masters of big indus
try.and bigger finance.
As' to the question of joining the union, West Virginia's
judges or no judges, no man can be stopped from enlisting as
ia is:ember, ifnany organization. 'the judges in question should
recil that 'part of ancient history whereini it tells of how the
early Ghristians were prohibited' from joining the Christian
c'hitnh, and yet they did joiir.-, the judges might refresh them
sIVes tas to the history of our own country, previous to the
6i1r4#0l ,n wlien Etglish laws prohibited the American colo
nists frori jbiihi n.fri the revolt, and yet they did join and they.
jc'v0 ..mj rip.iing to nmore recent times, the judges might
r..al t ii ondthe Czar in Russia peasa~ts and .l t!ir,,weS B
prohibxTl8a8 rom joining any organiaztion that ;opposedkCzarism,
tioet I iinl d "restrictive measures. against, 'pogress
never yet piqoved successful. History has shown that just prior
to: tlhe 'd.ifatl oftyrants in all the ages of the world, the re
strictivbe teasures taken by the doomed ones were made more
dnerotis, and the more onerous the restrictions the more pow
erful iin niugibers'bee.me the restricted.
And such it will prove in West Virginia's coal fields. The
more despotic the authorities in control of the machinery of
the courts and the ejecutive branches of the government be
come against the cause: of the' workers, the greater and the
wmre ,apid the growth of that which they seek to suppress.
Surely, if it is illegal foi a man to ask his fellow worker to
join Atphe United bMine Workers of America because of' the -"con-'
tr.act"under -.hid- . .e wror.ke. is employed ib If.iil com
pariy,hlen it is equally illegal for a Catholic ~ i7h C ongre
gationfal 'ministetr or the exponieint of another . in of faith
to seek to wean a Blaptist, a Methodist or a Q.blei' fronm his
church, since he, too, ettefed'into a contract *ihen he was hap
tized,'to "stay put" with the' faith of his bape'rs
However, between judges and their friends, bhat is a little n
.matte'.:of legality or illegatlity of action so long as it suits their
e n d s ? , ..
Aid Sought For Rialto P
*If t fillijsine.s ifik6l'fi kAlts follow the a.die 'gratuitously
Jiven by Jolhn ;ai~neoat in a recent c,ýl~itnin ation sent Out :c
'hyliin, thliy w0il close thpic qi.yri places of bisiness, collees :
thieh·i fanmaies 'and. iii tlhefuture, spec T-.h their time a .
t'ioney at Mlutt'.s only scab'theite'te--tr ltfd .i ' .... ,.
It 'gives ts 'considerable pleasure to assist Jvyn in his pub- I
licity campaig'"vby publishiiig the following: communication
without chaige. It. is only fair that our readei.s should know I
-of the dire straits the Rialto is in as a result of its inability to
comply with the working rules of the Musicians' Union and of
the refusal of the workers to patronize it because of the dis
pute.
The letter to the members of the Associated Industries fol
lows:
BUT"]T DIVISION
ASSOCIATED INDUSTRIES 01" MONTANA
Butte, Mont., Sept. 15, 19'20.
Mr ................ .................... .. ............. ..
Butte, Montana.
Dear Sir:
There is much TALK in lutte right. NOW about what should
be done to foster and support home industries. Unless you were'
the kind who feels a personal obligation in a matter of this kind
one whose effort does not stop at the spoken or printed word
this letter would not be written to you. This is a caiLto action. 4
The Rialto Theatre--one of Butte's largest enterprises-Is be
ing bannered as "unfair" to organized labor. More 'than that, 4
there is a systematic, underground boycott propaganda working
24 hours a day against it. Do you know that all labor union minm
hers are fined heavily it they patronize it?
And for what? Can anyone answer? The Rialto paid and pays
high wages. It never had a controversy with labor. And yet
some weeks ago-its operators and musicians were, Ordered to
quit, by someone in New York, because two partners in the Rialto
(who were induced to spend a quarter million dollars here) also
own a one-fourth interest in Tacoma theatres, in Which city there
is a dispute between the operators and managers of all the moving
picture houses.
Mind you-there is NOTHING the Rialto can do to change the
situation In Tacoma! .
The Itlalto management is not asking for.assistance. It has to
date borne the attack alone, quietly, firmly. Nor does t, ask for
help now. But have YOU thought of the tremendous principle
involved? Of the blow to the city's future industrial growth if
this cowardly, unwarranted assault on a business. establislhment
should succeed on account of YOUR indifference or YOUR negli
gence.
While the Rialto is entitled to active, continuous:.support as a
mere, matter of equity and Justice as between men, there is some
thing :more important than any obligation to its owners' material
investment of dollars and cents--it is more vital THAT CIVIC
CONSCIOUSNESS IN THIS COMMUNITY BE THOROUGHLY
AWAKENED. What have YOU done about it? What are YOU
doing now? What do YOU expect to do? Your PRESENCE is the'
only genuine help needed-YOUR presence and that of YOUR.
family and YOUR friends. '.Jet us unite on this program as an
exercise of our American rights.' Do it today--AND TOMORROW
AGAIN. Very 'truly yours,
JOHN H. McINTOSH,
Executi.e Cotimittee.
We hope the members of the Associated Industries will
heed the above appeal. There is an opportuNitty here for an
interesting experiment, an experiment to det.ergi.ne whetheid or
not a 'business concern can exist on the patronage of business
men exclusively. If it can be demonstratedtliht this is possi
ble, the future of the Ilialto is assured, although 'a similar ex
periment at the now' defunct scabteria does not' afford much
encouragemenit.
There is another possibility which Jawn, in hi's boyish en
thusiasm, may have overlooked. It' is that the workers might
decide to boycott patrbns'of the Rialto merely to discover the
depth of their class-consciousness. This would' open up a wide
field in experimental pschology and the results of the experi
ment would be watched with interest in 'other scientific
centers.
The League' Excuse for Existing
If tat salaries are any attraction, the officials of the league
of nations \will certainly try to maintain the organization
whether any attention is paid to it or not. There are 357 per
sons connected with the league, all or most of them receiving
mnunificient salaries, of which the following are examples:
The secretary-general gets $50,000 a year. Two under
secretaries draw $t ,000. The private secretary to the
chief secretary is paid $25,000.
The director of each section (there are a dozen or so)
receives from $10,000"to $12,000, while the members of
the sections are paid $3,000Q to $6,000.
The chief librarian gets $5,000, and. the director of the
international bureau of labor, Albert Thomas, gets
$30,000.
Other salaries are. Chief of th'e diplotiiatic division,
$9,900; chief of the service of inquiries into Sovietism,
$6,000; sub-chief in the scientific division, $5,000.
The league itself is a joke! Twenty-six nations have signed
the covenant, but it appeal's unable to stop the two or three
dozen wars that are in progress in various parts of Europe and
Asia; nations like France and England do as they please with
the league unable to either censure or approve. Juicy salt
ries have been provided for a lot of hangel's-on. This is the
sole achievement to date of the much-touted league.
News reports, even -the Associated Plrcss. yesterday carried
interviewtsa wi'th eye-witnesses of the explosion in New York's
finaicial'-'t'trict 'who declared the blast was caused when an
a4tQ4voIle ,colihed with a horse-drawn truck loaded, with
trfiPllotaiolol. All accounts agreed the wagon bore a red flag
ok.each, aida, },a ,. ,ir 1nubte 1y*, the presenceo the red
~lags' tlht ea ustidthlbb.sti.t.t iorst. fromn th.l 4rtment
ip. 'd adalhad heaved a bomb at
J. P. organtS 1sofficerrulzý,t, ý rie
VWell, 1ill, it s too > .. "lRed Baiter' Plali.-.I.rr
Imow in advance that a wagonload of high-powere `explosive
WVas to go off at Wall and Broad streets yesterday. However,
yesterday's explosion, unlike the "bomb plots" with which Pal
mer regaled us last summer, was apparently not "taged by
Palmer's "detcckatives", and A. Mitch's wireless with Provi
dence being out of order, he missed a great chancte for goug
ing another huge. appropriation out of congress for anti-red
pogroms.
"It is an interesting. fact'that the resistance of a. people to
oppressioyu is itself always used as a reso, Ifir p.pression."
m the Duluth T ruth.)
(FY·rom th'e Duluth~ TIrth.).. '
Out zn rthe fields of. Poland and
Russia. nmB are dylifg. They 'are
shedding' their 'blood 'in orderi that
the Blittish and. French imperialists
might obtain oil. The workers' shed
iheii- blood to obtain oil for their
uasters. ,
Oil bhap now taken its place in the
front ranks pt commodities that are
absolutely epsential. "We are now
using 'oil to L produce motive power
for ships, etc.) It is thereforie be
qomrn. ,ecAssar~y for the capitalist
So obtain oil. Great Britain'
ceter upo. exlc.
f America can
m nopoly and so keep out 'Gl
Britain, then Anferica ."will obtain
th$ world'am ;tl'anei''ea' thth et othpr
hahd, AIf Great- lBritain. ca. gqlit~p
a monopoly on~ oil, .she wtll : re.Z,
out America 'antiobtain thet orld's'
trade. 'The struggke,,deyelopsrl,nto
a struggle for oilt.*.That is,' by we:
have the Polish war-and w,&y we are
going to have a Mexican war. That
is 'if you stand for another war!
At. the present .time Mexico is.
producing 75,000,000 barrels of oil
annually. The flow of oil is unusu
steady, indicating that there are vast
quantities available. These oil wells
of Mexico are only about 20 miles
from the ocean, making. It a simple
matter to export it. Pipes are laid
down which carry the oil to the sea
ports and a large fleet of tank
steamers carry it away. The oil is
pumped out to the vessels a mile
from the shore. So you can 'readily
see what a wonderful country Mex
ico is!
Mexico is now second to the Unit
ed States among the oil-prodltring
countries of the world. It has been
calculated that Mexico's production
of oil during 1920 was between
130,000,000 and 135,000,000 bar
rels,, one-fifth of the oil of the I
world, and more than that of the
rest of the world outside of these
United States. Furthermore it is
said, With good authority, that in
18 years the oil deposits of America
will be exhausted, whilst on the
other hand the deposits of Mexico
are inexhaustible. You betcha, Mex
ico is a fine country!
Now the Mexican people are very
patriotic, in fact, they have to a
certain extent learned a few slang
words from the American dictionary
of slang. They say to the foreigner,
just like we do, "if you don't like
this country, get to hell out of it.'"
In 1917 they passed some laws and
adopted a new Constitution. They
state in one of the articles of this
constitution, article 27, that royalies
must be paid to the Mexican govern
ment on all minerals, deposits, etc.,
taken from the land. They go even
further 'and state that the ownership
of the Mexican oil wells shall only
be in the hands of the Mexican peo
ple. Article 28 expressly states:
"Only Mexicans by birth or natural
ization and Mexican companies have
any right to acquire ownership in
land, waters, and their appurten
ances, or to obtain concessions to
develop mines, water or mineral
fuels in the republic of Mexico. The
nationr may grant the same right
to foreigners provided they agree
before the department of foreign
affairs to be considered Mexicans
in respect to such property, and ac
cordingly not to invoke the protec
tion of their governments in respect
to same." In other words, the Mex
ican government Claims complete
jurisdiction over the control of the
resources of Mexico. Look out be
low!
You have read in your newspa
pers about the terrible doings that
have been going on in Mexico. How
they have had revolutions, at the
rate' of one a day. Many of you
really believe all that 'you read in
your papers about Mexico, just like
you do about the Bolsheviki.. The
stories that you read about Russia
were concocted by grand dukes and
other members of the lower order
,of society. The stories that you
read about Mexico are, concocted
biy paid hacks in the pay of the
following companies:
National Bank of Commerce, Tex
as company, Inter-Continental Rub
ber company, Pan-American Petrole
um and Transport company, Monte
zuma Copper company, Greene Can
anea Copper company, J. P. Morgan
and Company, Guaranty Trust com
pany, Standard Oil Company of
New Jersey, and the Yaqui, Delta
Land and Water company.
This bunch of parasites has
formed itself into an association
with the euphonious title of the
Association for the Protection of
American Rights (?) in Mexico.
They send out all the lurid stories
that you hear and read about Mex
ico. They even go so far as to
foment revolution against any gov
ernment that does not do their bid
ding. These people, if the truth
was known, will be found to have
been responsible for the murder of
Carranza. In America this bunch
tells us poor benighted aliens to
go back to the country that we
came from, etc. But when the
Mexicans tell them the same story,
they incite people to revolution. This
Socialism and the British Labor Partyi
By G. BERNAIRD SHAW,
National Guilds League Lecture, . Delivered at Kingsway Hall, London
How to Savy Money.
T.4 moppi -. . . . .inore
money- thah ba wE4a;ett snd~,o
saves|akutithea.ddes.,hot do tb ibefore+
Fa liis as
s starving himself"andgridt famsn~ly
r a 188afty rtibalvii intf ct
v f.arla ,a r rson ana on t t t0 '' e.
p• .. ed for.
gut If youive a Man £50, 0i &
or £1,000 a day-and that is the sort
of income people have nowadays
you can see that then money saves
'itself, and these people who had
land and capital-the only pro
fession they had was fighting..
They still had the point of''honor;
if there was a war they were bound
to go and fight and they did. But
they had plenty of other things to
do-they had hunting, shooting,
dancing and occupations Qf that kind.
Even 1 or 2 per cent of them took to
art and literature.
bunchi culd only have been born
in one place and you know where
it is. Next time you read about
Mexican 'troubles, think of this
crowd 'and ,also think of what Major
Lyn Dinkins, president of the Inter
state Bank of New Orleans, after
six weeks' tour in Mexico, stated in
the New York Tribune, April 11,
1920:
"We 'did not see 'a single bandit
'i1' hear of any. We found conditions
politically, financially and socially
different from the impressions we
enthYtiiiid7 befdre our departure.
We traveled more than two thou
miles by railroad hin the,
li 1is of the lic, ;and'
ou'trains w e. "Tlih
ro (beds of n aiI'.bads
ar ibettner than ose o e
I alines."
iEllis, ba kler and
tjei all ptreet " York,,
cett~iu~lL lt the nail on the head,'
whqh"i ad "Mexico without a
doubt 1s'ht richest spot on the face
of the earth and I have often
thought that this is why there is
so much trouble in that country."
. But then you will say that the
Mexicans have killed: American cit
izens. .Do you think that, would be
grounds for possible' intervention?
If you think so, then the Mexicans
are justified, that is, if we pursue
the same line of reasoning in inter
yening in America. The official list
of Americans killed, published and
furnished by the American ambas
sador in July, 1919, totalled 217.
This number includes those who
were killed in the various American
military invasions, those who had
joined the Mexican rebel forces,
Americans killed by Americans,
Americans killed by bandits, these
bandits having been supplied with
finances by some of the Wall Street
pirates. As a contrast there were
300 Mexican farmers killed afteit
the Villa raid. Presumably they
were killed in the interest of de
mocracy.
La Follette says: "More Amer
ican citizens have been killed in the
past two years in this country in
lynching bees 'and race riots than
have been killed from all causes
during the eight years of revolution
in Mexico."
If our desire to clean up Mexico
is one governed by charitable mo
tives, might we not suggest that
"charity begins at home." During
33 years of peace, 1885 to 1918,
there have been 3,889 men and
women hanged, shot, roasted and
lynched in America. Let us cldan
up our doorstep and then the vil
lage will be clean is an old Irish
saying. There is some truth to it.
Of course, it is stretching matters
by arguing that our interest in
Mexico is one of ethics and public
morality. Might we suggest that
the following, facts may enlighten
us ,a little:
The Aguila company had an orig
inal investment of $30,000,000
American gold in Mexico and by
utilizing the natural resources of
Mexico they cleaned up in one year,
1918, the sum of $14,000,000.
The Dutch Shell company which
operates in Mexico, paid a' dividend
of 4'8 per eent 'on its deferred stock
and 37 per cent 'on its Common
stock.' "
The Pan'-Anrerlceh Peftdlfeni' and
Transport company 'paid a dividend
of 28 per, cent a quarter. during
1918. ' '.
Hon. La Guardia, president of the
board of aldermen of the city of
New York, stated, when he was 'in
congress, that American oil inter
ests financed ' General Pelaez to
stand between them and Carranza.
They paid him $190,000 per m6nth.
It was one of General Pelaez's as
sistants, General Herrera, who .mur
dered President Carranza.
Now we have placed , the facts
before you. We have given you
both sides of the case. It is easy
to 'see why we should go to war
with Mexico. Mexico is rich in oil.
Oil is necessary to assist the cap
itallst class of Great Britain. If the
capitalist class of America really
need the oil and they- can only ohb
tain it by subduing Mexico, then
why do they not form an army, of
themselves, and conquer Mexico? No
they will fool you that your country
is in danger. Your blood is aroused
and you really believe that 'a small
nation would be so foolish as to
try and conquer America. Wake up
and realize that war with Mexico
is a development of imperialism.
Imperialism is a development of
capitalism. Capitalism is the sys
tem that sweats and enslaves you
and makes you poor and your boss
rich. Are you going to shed your
blood in order to obtain oil for
your masters or are you going to
stiffen your backs and make your
masters do thefif' own fighting? Let
Mexico alone. The Mexican workers
are capable of making Mexico good
:enough to live in. You get busy
and organize yourselves and rid
yourselves of those people wlmho
sweat you. Do not let another war
be fought. Let your slogans le:
Hands off Mexico; Masters fight
your own battles!
But you see land was no use to
them because they dlid not want to.
dig. Capital, saved up money, was
u..us$ to them because they did not
&iiqetetanq business. Accordingly,
S'middlT~-class man came in and
d ' ' iie . your 'land and8your
l fli.; w i~rt'ay so much for it,"
`at e"'" ýt tdiat land and capital
E ie jaor, having a knowl
e ub'.b es, and gave th'
flab rrjut enough to keep hifn
alive, op not top luxurious a scap,,a
and hiviing set 'the laborer to woik,
having produced certain goods or'
rendered certainlervices for which
the public paid him .very well, he
had a lump of money in his hand, so
he paid the landlord his rent; paid
the capitalist his capital, the laborer
his' wages and kept the rest to him
self, and called it his profit. But
you -will understand that' all the
time he was the organizer of the
robbery which the robber class
originally did for themselves with a
few retainers, and as he becameo-he
effective working person concerned
hI-.naturally became very' powerful
and indispensable.
. What course did he politically
taje? . Instead of taking up with
moder~;socialist ideas i.t beinrr -il:
,vay b iS=the nature oft i potitlon
against, the working classeii; knnfwing
that the more he gave to the wor ..
ing classes the less there would be
left for himself, and knowing: the
working classes in their Unreasoneable
way always wanted to get as much
as possible.. and feave as little as
possible for himself, he got into the
tradition that he was against the
working classes, and also being able
to read 'and write, which in those
days the working classes were not,
he regarded himself as being
naturally on the side' of the. robber
clasn.
.Ho" (alipitalist Bl".-n.
He wntrtnl
fliltly o bip atjo robber
himselt: do at o er class
'haild doi';:e EA , om the
active business of robbery, handing
it ove' to oPmebody eL.
cumulate, proi ' he uI iWit
rieh•'enor gli,.o belong to tile rol~ iy
class'. But' tth. robber class"'did fridt
like that; they wanted to retain their
exclusiveness.. They said, You are a
vulgar tradesman. If all these tel
lows who have factories and shops,
and talk to vulgar people like work
men and grab money, if these minc
are to come among us with their
comparatively rough manners--tihe
sort of manners a Manchester man
has, for example-we cannot retain
the beauty, dignity and exclusivenecss
>f our life. Then the 'mriddle-clac:i
man said, I am determined yout
shall; I am going to break down
your privileges; I am' determined to
bring about a state of things in this
country in which any man who ,.tni
rob can get into the robber class.
Now what is the name of that
creed? What is the name oL thait
determination? The name of it,
gentlemen, is Liberalism, and its
colors are still nailed to the mast by
my friend, Mr. Asquith. I say quite
unreservedly that I do admrire Mr'.
Asquith for going to Paisley! the
other day. If lie had been like somne
other statesmen, who think.of noth
ing but pleasing their audiences and
getting votes, I can imagine Mr. As
quith beginning by saying the world
was advancing, ideas weie changing,
and Liberalism had learned a great
deal from Labor. Not a bit' of it.
He nailed his colors to the jirast and,
practically began his campaigr 'by
saying, "Gentlemen, I have learned
nothing and I have forgotten noth
ing."
And that is as far as we have got
at present. We have got the old ex
clusive robber class hack in its old
form. It was broken down finally
by the French revolution and the re
form bill of 1832' in this country.
Now the Liberals may claim that
they have achieved what 'I saiu they
were out to achieve. Here am I; I
have a very high opinion of my own
social position, but I have not got
a title. I think the nearest rela
tionship I can claim to a title is a
third cousin, but; nevertheless. I
have only to put money i.n my .popket
and I can go anywhere. You see
the intermarriage of the upper
classes; they positively, selpti igtqr-,
inarriage ivith' vulgar Americans wh.o
have made money in trade. In point
of fact that is what is keeping our
old nobility to - -very great, extent
alive-a mixture of blood and
niooney.
Your countries are governied in
that way. You have now got, not
the only limited aristocracy of the
robber class, but that large, that
democratic sort of robbery we may
caV plutocracy. A career is open to
the talented, and society is open to
the rich. The particular talept to
which a career is open is that of
getting as much money as you can
out of other people's pockels and
putting it into your own.
I myself, and, I believe, the organ
ization for which I am speaking and
most Socialist societies anid a good
many eccentric philanthrophists here
and there, want to turn their backs
on this particular principle. They
want to stop robbing. They want to
go in for general co-operation for
the good of the community, in short,
to, Socialisnl.
Is there any likelihood, any sign
.of the formation of a party in thiis
country which will absolutely throws
over the idea of robbery and go in
for co-operative and common pro
duction for the benefit of the whole
country? which will take as its meot
to that it wants the greatest dis
tribution of life and life more
abundantly in the old form, which
will do away absolutely with idle
ness, and not only with idleness but
with non-productiveness, and which
will set up a new ideal of a gentle
man, the old ideal being a man who
had no visible means of subsistence;
which will set up this ideal foi a
gentleman, that in the first place he
shall pay his way from the begin
ning to the end of his life; he shall
not leave the world any poJr,,r th,..,
lie found it; and going on froim that
to such eminence and virtue as may
set a man above his fellows. that
shall be measured to the extent rby
which every man leaves the conm
munity in his debt; that the world
is the richer for his having li\vd;
for everything that he has consumedl
in the course of his life he has pro
duced an equivalent for it, and not
only that, but has 'produced more
than that equivalent, he has pro
duced what' the Marxist would call
a surplus value, and that surplus
value has gone to enrich the whole
of the community.
Tf"e'Ameritan i·-lnfoitmed-,tliat .tit
a' ice'mf .'ine'ting of f ffuit and,' pifl
duke itealer4h YakimiaJit iWas deid-.
ed to' 'et'thW(pe%4d4rojerortoori the.
trees before the dealersWOdtdd bu ."
ete a eIb r -of" Th truit- and that
e b.v ýifAY tW .p ltede~ ar
ne appl gamet is sýid that the
.urposs 2I frj growers to come
to the war-houses and offer the
stuff at whatever- price the dealers
are willing to pay. The American
is not advised' as to -whether this
dealers' pool is complete or only
nearly complete. In any event, no
more forceful argument has yet been
advanced for publicly owned cold
and common storage, at both ship
ping and consuming centers. and
for cheap crop credits that will en
able growers to market their fruit
and produce evenly ihroughout the
consuming season;-Yakima- Amer,
ican.

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