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TELEPHOINES WE PRACH TH 'CLASS STRUGGLE INUE E INTERf STS OP THE WORKERS AS A CLASS I iSfkPXs
Bflsiness Office..- 52
Editor~rial REooms,~91 ~ 61: ·aa~.
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tie Dy (dyaing 69 'W~hen Si.rol~h
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VOL. 7l1.----ý iv o,:·D`taiRI,-Tý O11. ..___ __L-.l1Ll -.r--ý Iý1Ai ~ ~ ~1~ l~j
~~o 1APPOINTED. ONDERS f :
NATION-WIDE DRRI TO
FORCE OPEN SHOP BEGUN
Railway Brotherhood Plan
of Adjustment Board Also
Under Fire From "Slave
Owners" of Country.
Chicago, )ec. 22.---Manu
faclurers of the nation todty
served notice on union labor
that an intensive drive a&gainst
the "closed shop" -had been
started, wheu. Williarn Butter
wvorth issued a call for a con
vonlion of the big employers
of the country.
Butlterworth is president of
the Illinois Manufacturers' as
sociation and vice president oil
the United States Chamberl of
Butterworth, in an open letter, at
tacked the plan of the railway broth
orhoods who, he said, demand the
establia~ ppt of a natllonal board of
adjustr .~ t o, handle all labor trou
bles instdadl Of individual companies
Itandl e-lir own, industrial af
faira. f. l adthat if the brother
hood 5iB 0ed in their plan it would
influence all other industries.
"The plan of the brotherhoods
nioans tluhat closed shop anid union
domination 'over all industries
alike," said Butterworth. "This is
the most vital question facing the
nmanufacturing and producing inter
ests of the country and ;outld have
The brotherhoods want to ae;tab
lish an adjustment, board under the
authority of the transportalion act
passed by congress, which provides
for a national board having juris
diction over railway employes' wages
when controversies are appealed tq
,it. The act provides the adjustment.
board may be established by agree
ment of labor and the employers.
WRITER ALLEGES UNITED
STATES SOLDIERS KILLED
Houston, Tox., Dec. 22.--Charges
that prisoners in Texas prison camps
were beaten to death and killed for
minor offenses and others generally
mistreated, were made here by George
Dixon, well-known magazine writer,
in open lettors said to have been
mailed broadcast. to newspapers
throughout the state.
JAP LECISAiOGH SEES
NO REASON FOR BATTLE
Sacramento, Dec. 22.---K. Kiyosc,
a mneniber of the Japanese d:ct, sees
no reason for war between the United
States and Japan, he declared. He is
in Califorpia studying the causes
which ltbto the passage of the anti
alion legislation in this state.
MARTENS TO GIVE
SELF: UP ON
\VWasington, Dec. 22.-Lutd.
t;.' C. A. K. ?Mardtens, Bolshevik
iaabassador to the United States,
has notified Ihe labor depart
Inent that he wotld surrender
hins.ell Ja:nu*lry 3 'for deporta
tion under the ictt r..1,ring of
Secretary of Labor tllson that
he is in this coultry in violation
of the i.nulgaration law.
Nick Longworth Advocates Plan of
"'You Scratch My Back, I'll Scratch
Yours "in Effort to Get Money Due
Washington, Dec. R2.--Reciprocal
trade a reoJnents with the allies to
aid iiit yniout of the more than
$12.,i O4 due the United
State t and business in
t o6 iountry were advo
Nich th, member of tlib
S ent, he said, should
Organization Being Formed
for the Purpose of Main
taining Race Supremacy,
(By the Federated P'ress.)
New York, Dec. 22.-An equivo-'
cal answer to the charge that there is
a branch of the Ku Klux Klan in
New York, city has been made by Col.
Williani Joseph Simmons, imperial
wvizard of the Knights of the Ku Klux
Klan. The charge was made by Wal
ter F. White, assistant secretary of
the National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People, with
Colonel Simmons, in answer to an
inquiry, stated that the rules of the
organizationi prevented mention of+
the brahches now in existence:
"Should an emergency arise in
New York demanding the presence
of the Ku Klux Klan for the preser
vation of the fundamental principles
for which this organization stands,
I can say to you frankly that the Ku
Klux Klan would be there on the
job." the officer admitted.
This ant:-negro organization,
which Colonel Simmons called the
"Invisible Empire," now claims
'thousands of members in the east
ern and western states, he declared.
The "mthods of the organization
would be adapted to particular lo
Instead of white-:owled night rid-I
era terrorizinl negroes into workingi
in the cotton fields. Broadway might
see a. city version of the Ilan, Colonel
The principles whliic. the Ku. Klux
Klan is seeking to preserve, accord
ing to the imperial wizard, are:
Upholding the laws 6f the land,
especially tile laws of the smaller
Perpetual maintenance of white
supremacy in all things, social, po-;
litical and commercial.
Complete separation of the church
and the state.
Preservation of women's honor
and the sanctity of the home.
Only native born white American
citizens are eligible.
FLOUR M[ILLES MUST CAE!
FOR "FAITHFUL EMPLOYES"
Topeka, Kan., Dec. 22.-Flour
mills in Kansas Which curtailed pro
duction must take cure of their
"faithful employes'' durlng the pe.
riod of industrial depression so that
those employes may provide livings
for their amlilels, the Kansas cohrtl
of industrial relations ruled,
In its opinion the court held thati
flour mills which had curtailed pro
duction wore not operating on such
a scale a's to affect the public. It
ruled the mills had the right to cur
tail production due to conditions
over which they had no control. Iow
over, faithful employes must be!
taken care of, the court decided.
POLISH WAR ORPHANSI MAY
CET JOBS IN 'THE JUNGLE'
Scattle, Dec .22.-With 1.32 Po
lish war orphans aboard, the liner'
Suwa Baru arrived here yesterday.
The waifs bare bound for Chicago,
where they will be taken care of by
relief committees. Representatives of
the committees from Chicago met
the liner at Victoria yesterday and
wil escort the children to their dos
tination. The youngsters embarked
at Tokio, where the'y were assembled
from points in Siberia.
be a part of the revision of the tar
iff laws, which he estimated could
be made high enough to raise $350,-i
000,000 more than the present cus
toms receipts, or about $700,000,00.0.
The reciprocal tiade- agreements
he proposed would give the all.es
advantages, over other nations ,n
Amerctn miiarkets fi exchangoe 'D1
similar concessIons granted to:4tl
United States abroad.
PROPAGANDA IS ONJ
TO HALT PLAN t
Honolulu, 1)ec. 22:.-Charg'es
tllhat recent riots in Malnhla in
wlhch 11 persons, )icluding four
Americans, were killed, were
the result of an organized colt
spi'aacy by native Filipinos, were
contained in ia formal complaint
against 77 persons filed yc ter
day, according, to advices re
icived here front Mainila.
In Alliance With the Far
East Is the Latest Desire
of Businessmen of This
(1y the Federated Press.)
New York, Dec. 22.---"What country
n the world is not preparing for
Guar with the United States? And
in't the United States spending
nore money than any other country
uilding a navy?"
With these questions Judge Elbert
tary, president of the United States
Steel corporation,- smiled down the
able at Baron Sidehara, Japanese
ambassador to the United States, In
whose honor the Japanese society
was givlng a dinner at the Hotel As
IfJapan is biing comuplained of
ecause she is building a navy that
those who do not understand the
ituation" fear is to be used in a
,ar against the United States, the
iest of the world is like\wise spend
in every cent available on dread
ndughts, and the United States is a
rollow-criminal, said Gary, cheer
Therefore, said he, let us be
friends with the Japanese.
Baron Sidehara believed that wars
were caused often by people of any 1
ano nation "overestimating the intel- i
ligence" of. the people of another 1
country." The Japanese should he
credited with more naivete, he sug- :
Roland S. Mvlorris, American am
bassador to Japan, said that the
American people did not understand 1
the importance of our trade with Ja
pan, or they Would never think of
A toast was drunk by the 800
Americans and Jananese to the em-1
peror of Japan.
WINNIPEC SlIKE LEADERR
RELEASED FROM PRISON
(By the Fedurated Press.)
Winnipeg, Man., 1)ec. 22.-R. 13.
Russell, one of the leaders convicted
for participation in last year's big
general strike, has been released on
parole from Stony Mountain peni
tentiary, after serving nearly hb.lf of
his two-year term.
Russell, one of the organizers of
the One Big Union, was the first
man found guilty of seditious con
spiracy in connection with the
strike. Ilis comrades, who are serv
ing one-year terms, refuse to ac
cept parole, demanding release un
COPPER MINERS ALSO TO
iRCEIVYE NEW YEAR'S IFT
(By tlhe Federated Press.)
New York, Dec. 22.--Scaling down'
of wages of all copper mines of Ari
zona, Utah, Nevada and New Mex
ico was announced by officials of
four copper companies, the Utah, No
vada, Chino and Ray Consolidatdd.
The change is understood to mean
a reduction of 60 cents to $1.25 a
.day, and will put wages back to the
level of July, 1919.
PAPER FUND DRIVE
The donations to the Paper Fund to date area
Previously Coll ted.................................................................................... .... 11310.38
Today's Donations................................ ................................................... ........ . 35.00
Tottl ,iii ;.. :...4 . M. .........r.. . . ... . :... e .. .. . ....... .......r:""rrr rw T .."...5 14,845.3
JOKER FOUIND IN
To Protect French Bankers'
Claims, U. S. Refuses to
Assay Bolshevik Gold Of
fered for Goods.
'Washingtonl, 1). C.. Dec. 22.
--Another double-cross has
been given by the state and
treasury deciartients to the
labor and other interests in the
United States. seeking to break
down the hlocliadt around
Soviet Russia. Gold cannot be
paid to creditors here by Soviet.
T'reasury officials admitted
to Charles ilecht, counsel for
the Soviet Trade mission, to
day, that the United States as
say offices remain under or
dcers not to tssay any gold bul
lion coming from Soviet Rus
sia to this country.
As this goa-l is the chief imnne
ditely available resource with which
Mo5cow eipecls to pay for hun
dreds of millions of dollars worth of
American goods, and as government
assay certificates:; are virtually nec
essary to fit the, value of gold bul
lion, the official statement of Mon
:lay, that restrictions on exchange
and other financial obstacles to trade
had been removed, becomes "worth
Chicago meat packers had the first
warning of' llch false character of
the "removal of restrictions" an
nouncement Wi.aed by the treasury.
They have gr1t quantities of their
products in storage in Hamburg,
Royal and other ports of northern
Europe, awaiting word that payment
can be arranged for their delivery in
Russia. The state department has
told them that they can deliver al
most any description of loodstuffs
to the Soviets, despite, the b;ar
against goods available for military
supply. But the (lpl)irtu',lrtniit stands
firmly against the removal of gold
It was deflinitely admitted to
Recht today that thIi' treasury for
bids assaying of Russian gold be
cause the state department "does
not recognize the title of the Bo1
shevik governliunt to it."
No mention was made of the fact
that the French government claims
this gold in payment of loans made
by French investors to the czar's
government in past years, but as
this is the. only adverse claim the
United States' is in the position of
maintaining the trade blockade to
help France' collect her Russian
U. S. OFFICIALS IN
WVlashi,,ton, lic. 22.-The
charge tiat United States gov
rflunell11,l. ol'ficials madle g'reat;
profits is dealings Lu coal w'cor
mladel bft'ore tihe scnate inla'c.sti
gatln ; colnlnittee by (-George
Cushing, dir'ector in th Amerli
call Whoisalde ('(ol a5sociation.
Cutshig wias innllnediatlely
u.-gedl by mllmlllers of the c'Oull
ltitte lo gO into details of his
chtarg<., bill reftused. He said he
Il3ay litr1' give the tuforlauttonl to
suIpport hi; CIhlllIge to t.h comll
mllttev, aut declareid ho warn"d
to be: ahh-ollttely certa.,l; of his
l\' CALL PI'ALMEl.
Washi ye ui D]ec. 2. ---ThI call
ing of Al lrney General 1'ahiter bo
fore thI : , te iLvest:gatilg COnm
llittee a,,i ,5teps looking toward the
prosecutinu of goveirnment officials)
said to ;.v( made big profits in aI
"wild srtuil:ble for coal," stand out
rIt plossib) dlovelopnilenls in the sea:-I
ates i nuiry into profiteering.
Charge: lthat thcse things went on!
were mad,! before tlihe senate commit
toeo yest'era by George Cushing, a.
director in the American Wholesale
FOUR POWDER MEN
KILLED BY BIG
S '1anton, Pa'., )Dec. .-I'ourlt
men ire) known 0 to I, deald as
the restilt of aniexplosion n ithe
plcking mill of the Dupont Pow
d(1e1 works at Moosicu, seven mtllhs
The explosion shookl a. part
of 'Sceantonl, rattling w.`aldotis.
hRelief wol'kers went to the
scene froll here in automlobtles.
Parliament Is Engaged in
Forging More Fetters for
Wrists of the Workers of
Bty EVELYN SHARiP,
Staff Correslpondont Fe'cderatedl Press.
London, Dec. 22.--Behind its bar
ricades parliamegt is engaged this
week in forging more fetters for the
Because of the opposition,-which
has developed against, the two-shiftI
clause of the women and youllng .i(pr
sons bill, it has undergone technical
amendment. 'This; amcendment, how
ever, is negligiblo in the relief it af
fords to thei two-shift .system, as it!
provides for abolition of that system
in any particular factory only if a
representation is, made tio tho hon
secretary by an organization spoak
in for a Ilajority of t1he uployers
and workers into the wholo industry.
Labor put. up a good fighl, against
the clause. The bill has, Hlowever,
passed the. lower house, and there is
litt.le hoper of its amendment in the
house of lords.
Another decision, affecting Ilthe
three million workers whoso mini
lusull wages are fixed by trade!
boards, has; jnst caused consterna
t.ion. ahmong latundry workers. DJr.
MacNumara, mlinister of la hor, hasN
discovered that the ''rade board act
does not allow him to sign the pro
posted new order for tlihe weekly
wages of 11oman laundry workers,
because it applies only to the fixing
of hourly rates. This quibble can be
)revebunted only by an amundment of
But worse than any industrial leg
islation, or application of such legis
lationi, is the power plroposed to be
taken by the government under the
official secrets act, which, although
withdrawn last session owing to op
position fromn all sides, is to bo re
introduced and discussed in the com
mons, tinder pressure of the panic
caused by thie, governlment's own llsis
handltig of the Irish uitual.ioil.
Tho bill has been sdminrably de
scribed by Colonel Wedgwood, M. 1P.,
aS one "which, enables 11e govern
ient of tlih. day to treat. inellmbers of
partliament, ex-ncilbtmers of tlhe gotv
(rnille+Int, editors of newspaplur' and
other public critics, as criminalsh,
when by r:!asoni of Iheir position they
bel;comui thii pos1s(:sors; of Ilnfornt
tion (r documiellts wiich l the tran
sient governlmelnt of the day imay re
gl.lrd as secret."'
And, altihough in the latter it. ap
plies to all such people, everybody
knows that it will, if passed, be set
in motion only against those whom
the government wishes to penalize.
CANADIAN LADOFITES CALL
FOR BALLOT INSPECTIONl
(1ly the Federated Preus.)
Winnipeg, Man., Dec. 22.-Iival
idation of the civic olectlons will be
sought by the labor party, Thomaas
1Ilyc. defoated aldermanic caindidate
in .lard Two, announces.
Ifl c:lharges that. Iauy voters were i
nisdirectod by deputy returning of- I
ficers, poiliting; out that in o1ne poll
of 22t votes, 113 lallots were
spoiled, while in another poll of 5100
ballots to the number of 128 were;
NAMES THREE OFFICERS
Sheriff-elect Larry Duggan announces the appoint.
ment of D. 0. Robinson, member of the Painters' union,
as undersheriff; John Duggan, chief deputy sheriff, and
Mrs. Jerry Sullivan, widow of Jerry Sullivan who ran
for sheriff two years ago, as matron.
The balance of the appointments have not been decid
ed on yet, but will be annoounced soon.
This makes four appointments made by Sheriff-elect
Duggan, including the appointment of John Trapp as
Former -Republican Candi
date for President Consid
ering Tender of Cabinet
Job From Harding.
;Washington. lDec. 22.--Charles E.
I ighces has reorived a. tentative of
tor to Ibecoll secretary ofi state in
he Harding cabinet, and is consid
eoing it, it was learned on high au
The condition attached to the of
fer is said to be that Hughes work
with Hardllg . in establishiing tite
new association of nations.
Hieretoforo Hughels las held the
league covenant should bo amended
to strike out thoe clausoe to which
its opponents objected. notably ar
ticle 10. H-ughes Is now said to be
considering whether Ihe will veer
from this position, which is under
stood not to coincide with that of
Marion, Dec. 22.-----An informal uta
dorstanding that the new cabintet
shall contain nit. more than .two tmen
picked froml t.llh.: s:ate is belloved
to hlavo beetn reachled between Hard
ilng anllld senatorial leaders. This
cours.' aplpeaared to nave been adopted
to av'olt denuding the senlate and to
skirt around([ tro natural jealousies
among senatorial leaders and to
enable Harding to bring a larger
number of leaders inso official places.
Powerful influences are said to be
working against. Senator Knox in fa
vor of Hughes for secretary of state.
CITIZENS' POSSE MAKES
CAPTURE OF TWO BANDITS
lMilltown, N. J., Dec. 22.---Two ban
lits wero captured by a posse of citl
zentr hIrn shortly after muidnight, fol
lowing ant IItsutcceasful attempt to
rob the First National bank. Two
. 'l'hi watclhtan lheard a noiso ill
theo bank and soulndedt an alarm.
Thirty citizens responded, armed with
rifles, shotguns, pistols, pitchforks
and axes. They started for the
bank. Two of the robbers surroln
dcred. They refused to identify their
two colmpanions who escaped.
TO IGRAB iXTRA M1:AL.
\Vashington, I)Do. 22...--Wilson and
-l.;arding will lunch together at then
Whito house follow:ng tithe formal
tnauguration of the latter on March
4, it wasl aLnouncI'cd. It was an
nouneed that imtmediately after
luncheon the maunt who will have
lived Irl It i eaxceultivo nansion eight
years will go to his now honm here.
"DICKIE" GU:'ARD HOfMES.
Chicago, Dec. 22.--In an effort to
combat tthe crimle wave ithat is sweep
ingi. the city of Chicago. wealthy citi
zees have emtployed private detect
iles to guard their homes.
Mexican Labor Movement Starts
Labor Daily, Also a School of
Social Science 'or Workers
By LLNN A. E. GAliE,
Mvxico City, Dec. 22.--Two oyents
o" no small importance to the work.
iug class of MexiCo, especially of the
fedoral district, have just happened.
One" is the establislimenit of a so
ciallut daily newspaper; "La' Lucha"
(The Struggle), in M.0l, City.
Thu other i"s the apeOiig of the
Institute of Social Selle;i modeled
after the Rand Sch 9 :. GaIe de Be
Large Corporations to Re
duce Wages of All Em
ployes From 15 to 30 Per
(By the Federated Press.)
New York, Dec. 22.--The indepen
dent steel manufacturers will cut
wages all the way fron, 15 to 30 per
cent beginning January 1.
Definite announcement by the LtU
kens, Midvale and Lackawanna Steel
comlanlies that pay envelopes would
sU.ffCr' after New Year's day bro0ught
to a head rumors which have pert
sisted for several weeks that all the
independents were contemplating a'
The United States Steel corpora
tion has mades no announcement of
its plans so far.
The Midvale Steol and Ordnance
company, the Lackawanna Steel coih
panly .and the Cauilbria company wilt
cut wages at least 15 per cent, it is
announced. The ,Ltukens company ii
Coateaville, Pa., hats already made ai
cut of 25 per cent and has eliminate4
The reduction wave has already
struck the Luke Superior ore field,
whore reductions of 20 and 25 per
cent have been made, according to
the Iron Trade Review.
IOUCAN CLAN INCREASE[D
BY ARRIVAL OF 8-POUNIOER
Larry Duggan, not the sheriff
elect, but his nephew, one of the
most popular young men on the hill.
today is wearing a colloction of
smiles that make the famous one
in the Cream of Wheat advertisement
resIemble a frown. 'The reason: Young
Larry has just received'a Christmas
present from Mrs. Larry, his wife,
that. put: all . t.hbr presents he has
received, and may receive, into the
Yesterday morning in tbo wee
ama' hours Mrs. Duggan elevated
her husband from the ranks of comi
msno, everyday benedicts to a rel.
honest-to-goodness "daddy." She
gave birth to a husky, eight-pound
boy at St. James hospital.
Mrs. Duggan was formerly Miss
Kuthorino Cronin, bookkeeper at The
Butte Bulletin office.
London, Dec. d:.-Tho Ar
menian Soviet government sent
an ultiniatttI to Georgia dc
manding the evacuation of the
neutral zone betwcon the two
•quntries, according to official
iiorniuation received here.
iGrgia is reported to have re
Luised te comply.
Ilsario ioluinguez, near the b IOI4
ilg in which moot of the' r
the city have thelr headquart
school is naintaluied by the.
t~on of Sydichatea of the fe4
trict, which Iy ite4 -
Moi1aisu FodedatUDu' of LE q
Cana"), aand; .~Q
·(conkaa~ t ,oF P