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' ' <*-» » vu.,sutotio»*l whig is published twice alceth, (Tuesday's and Friday's,) at Jive dol ' tors per -annum, payable within sic months, by all ’ who are original subscribers, or become so in ninety days from this date—and in advance for all who * subscribe thereafter. D* tor advertising—fifty cents a square (or less) for thejirsl iit*ertion,and 37 cents for each eon tinudnee.—The number of insertions must be noted on the iS., ojjiericise Ihey^will be continued and charged accordingly, ITT Advertisements from the country to be paid for in advarweror assumed by some responsible indi vidual ill this place or .Wtmch&tef. . V3“ All Idlers to the Editors must be post-paid, wr they will receive no attention. Oongms. Extruded from the IVbshington Republican. . HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Sv*CROAT, JANUARY i>4. TIIE GREEKS. ^ On motion of Mr. Webster, the House then resolved itself into a Committee of*the whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Taylor, of*N* York, in the ch jur. Mr. Itindolph commenced* with a very seri ous, unaffected, and siuccre apology for his pre tent physical iuahilityio do justice to the ques tion now before the committee. He bespoke, therefore, indulgence for what he had to sav.— The present question, indeed, in the language 'Of the gentleman from Massachnsett', who had with so much talent introduced thtf resolution, Was in itself almost nothing-lit was a mere speck in the horizon ; hut no man knew better than that houprable gentleman, that out of such small specks violent storms sometimes arose_ Tli^question, indeed, is in itself nothing, com pare** with the consequences whicli may result from it. %\icho consequences had not oc^n traced through all their chain to their utmost * limits, nor would he undertake to do it; hut would content himself with giving some of the reasons which arc operath c in Ids mind. It was with concern, tint he declared some of'tke doc trines broached by (ho supporters of (he propo sition belOre them, were more disastrous to the liberties of this people than any he had ever before heard. The fine—the courso—the fun aameriiat rule pursued by tills pov'crnmcnt, from its origin, arc iu direct 'hostility to these doc trines. Are wfe, under the pretext of extend ' ing liberty, and in the name of liberty, lo go in to a crusadef Are we, by this powerful spell, to be allured from the highway of true policy, in to all»thc crooked and injjtwons consequences of aovyityiary a warfare ? Re believed there was % scwcely^ parallel to this case to be found in the, history of Europe. [Here the honorable Speaker made a refer ence to acascer two, which the noise abovems ^ prevented us from hearing.] • The policy of the Turves had ^ecn a strait for ward policy. Pour hundred years ago, they werS encamped in Europe.—They were encamp ed there before the discovery of this country_ They held their dominion in Europe by the same title as other nations held theirs—the successful exercise of force. Their policy has neve'r been a torfuous policy, like other states of Europe, hut direct and honorable. They appealed to the sword, when necessary; and by the sword bad ' contended, inch by inch. In consequence of this true and strait forward policy, this is the only country of continental Eu rope* whose capitol lias never been violated bj; hostile power. The city of Constantinople had never been polluted by the foot of an invader, . during the whole of its modern history. But, in the'days o£ the great Catharine, would that illus trious woman have believed it, had any one told her that flic Cossacks of the Ukrainej and the i .Don, would have plaited their standards in the city of Paris? Would she .have Considered it otherwise than an idle dream, that Moscow Wfmld have been consumed bv its own citizens? Thesb are events widen are to<? deeply conceal ed for human eye to discover. But he would appeal Co the honorable mov’er of the proposition oetore the committee, whether, in the very able and-nristerly argument which he had advanced and ho had said moce thart either he (Mr. It.) OH tiu.V other gentleman woufd be able to say.on the subject—whether lie had not, in the course of his remarks, answered his own arguments.— Ho had been prevented himself, by indisposition, from attending the house, but«a friend had read to him the remarks made by the* honorable mo , vor. • The honorable mover had laid down from Puf fendorff, a verv able and acknowledged authori ty',-that the honeyed words and pious ejaculati ons of the’sovereigns pomposing the "Holy Alii* • ancc* pledged them oriily to do that, which a na tural-disposition and flutiixtal law proidpts them to'do, without any formality of treaty. But if so, are we not equally cJbm polled^ by the very same principle, Jo give our&id in support of the (yrecks? 7)ocs not the same authority apply as stronglv to us as to them ? fie wished to a$!c if<thi.s was not the fur inference? *Bul we have -gone, beyond this. The President of the. United States, who is onr.bnly organ of communication with foreign powers, has, in his message, given an opinion fa vourable to the cau-e of the Greeks. It is there fore done. It is £iii*hed. .He wjoulcfsay nothing -a!»rmt the policj- of this course, but it had been Adopted. ^ ‘ • . i The subject excited strange fooling: in his bo “ squi. GoujJ the great father of political philo l( *oi»hv risa from the grave, and see what was do 7'^Ing, hp would pot only abandon his terrors of a ' . regicide peace, but 'pc destined tabehold the re viva! of ti»e ago of crusaded rrhis Was something wjRich the sagacity of that great nwTcould ne ver have foreseen. ’ Potfet us take th^caso of Canada.—Suppose the British Ualonies wore to thro— off the yoke. rc yoxt prepared to stake the peace and wel . we nT this country, in support of Canadian in ■ dependence ? . Your doctrines that length. cannot stop, short of'it. Would you look ^Rho.n fi»r assistance frtgn Great Britain ?' That i< jn'tjie only spot of ground on which, irdependent Mt t par own country, this genius ofliberty, rerides, ■ L VlCF ^ rase—a propJo much nearei tA ls IU sucects we are much more deep j tyneernol than in that of the Greeks, huvr j \ j ‘p struggling- for in dependence. We havr . ? .1 rn TIuvov to Mf-xieo.—Yet the. people o j » tfico/ifc truly and properly independent— 1 •«. wlrnost, but entirely «*>. lie did not wish t( % mjrn illustration any further. • He luUl not trig :’-n opinion .of the gentlemen arounr L J™ C os taflopposc ilonceessary for him to gq« jjgf h* to shy—this is a man, and tha^is a bov_ causes, forcibly conceived and we.l L m * !>y honorable mover, wfiv we sffould cn b.f 'hri new cnisadp was the idea of pro i ^4 '*’■ G:rnk» the prd^erty of th< T,r':- We was not going to dsimss (he abstrac V’ lL.'n iiwjrty, an^slavery. It had nothin? do With the apestion. Nor wouldjic take ui Aher*abfi'ract. principles. m li d he would ask go'ritlemen from diflemv etiem* of thp country, wlicther the fact of hokl !* *ii . _ * 6 >ng human being! as property, is a sufficient crime td place a natiou under the ban of our high displeasure ? The views presented by the question multiplied so, as he proceeded, that, had he sufficient strength, he would weary the house. Wo are, it seems, to stimulate the exe cutive to the sending of embassies. The Scud iug out of ambassadors ie one of the great prero gatives of our executive; and we are now about to stipulate for a new and independent diploma tic agency. No wonder it then excited so much (lisct)ssion in this house; when it is remembered that all these good things ai*e generally given to gentlemen who are members either of this o f the other house; and no doubt, We shall find—(hat is, if the resolution should be adoffted, which he sincerely hoped it would not, some learned The ban, or other licetian, read* to travel into Gi^ece, to benefit himself and his country. The honorable gentleman then pi-occeded, at a leugth which our limits necessarily prevent us from publishing, to inquire into the causes which have prevented Russia, assimilated in religion with Grcooe, and standing in juxtaposition with Turkey, from interfering. Notwithstanding her prorirnity, she would oot dare to move ; and shall we, separated by oceans, traverse the whole ex tent of the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to un dertake what that colossal power hesitated\o do. wished to hsk .Why Turkey should have ■been so much coupled with the Holv*AUiance, of which she was no party. Her conduct for the last century, towards her neighbors, has bt?en much more Christian, than that of ail the cb-is tian countries by which she is surrounded. She has not interfered in the internal arrangements of other countries as we purpose to do. We are about to interfere with a country, separated from us by 80 degrees of latitude. *We are to cover the Pacific Oceatf and the South Atlantic with our navies.—Do gentlemen seriously rcileql, when they give way to their imaginations? Such prqjects of ambition surpass even those of Bona* parte himself. The sun never set on an ambiti ou like this. He supposed we should next hear Of some knight armed crrp-u-pir.d, sa living forth to gain immortality like Sir Somebody Dvmock at Westmir.,tcr IJall. rie icarea, that amongst other great attach ments which avc have inherited, avc have also some of that John Bull spirit, which had led Fin land into so many follies and inconsistencies.— England had been the game-cock* of Europe_ now going to war for the Queen of Hungaiy— and now against her; noAV waging a sanguinary, protracted, and ruinous war to dethrone the Bourbons—and then a longer & more disastrous one to replace them on l%ir thrones. Such was the policy which entailed on England ali the mass of debt and misery under which she is now groaning. lie deprecated the idea of beinggo ifCrons before wo an? just. We ought to aban don all visionary schemes, and to say to the se ven millions in Greece—“ We defended our selves against oppression wjien wo had only tlnoe millions, and you must do the same.” The state of the woHd is unexampled. We are carry ing on a piratical warfare against the maritime banditti of tJio West Indies; ‘but at what expanse of blood and treasure, is avc.'I known to every .gentleman in the house; and now we are about to take part with pirates, and to sanctity their cause by our countenance and assistance. Much had been said about the .hostility of Turkey. It is not the mert?*powei* of Turkey .we have to fear. He felt that Ave did not stop here. W e get out of the frying pan into the fire, if we adopt the amendment of the gentleman lrorn South Carolina, and thus embroil ourselves with all Europe. Let.»is adhere to the policy laid doAvn by the Camillas ns well as the Romu lus of oup country—and avoid foreign alliances, and adopt a jiacific policy. He Avas so opjxwed to all foreign alliances, that he w'ouid even op pose aa alliance with En^Jand hcrscif, as much as with any other country. The universal distress Wdiich prevails at this moment throughout the Uniou, he attributed to Ireaks of legislation yr, nd if avo get up an embas sy, to end in wajj, there may be some great prizes to be draAvh by ifuliviclual.^ but greater misery •Avould result to the mass. It is freuks.and ex penditures, .causing •ver-i.ssues of paper, Avhich had opened upon iik .Pandora's box of bl^sdugs. Should-the resolution he rejected, he coulil‘re turn to his constituents, free from any fear of re proach, except for the inability-lie h-,id thisjiay exhibited. Tl^pre had been no question before I the House, sinec he had been a member, on which his opinion hr • been so clear as on the present, not even excepting the Sedition Law. Let us then lav the resolution on the table, and thus get rid of it. Even' bond of the constitu tion would*be; broken down, if we adopt it, aurl that sacred instrument would 6c left a mere criartc blancnc for erery one to scribble on. Mr. Fuller and Mr. Webster rose together— Mr. Fuller, hqwftver, gained the door, and ob served he .was very sensible of the disadvantages under Tfrhioh lie shout! have to address the com mittee. If the? gentleman from Massachusetts wished the door, and the chairman should decide it would be jji owler afterwards to discuss tflfc ori ginal proposi^jfW, he Vould give way. ^ M -. Webster rose ?o jnakc a brief reply to the various objections |pat gentlemen hadj4IOr?ed against the resolution. He tool! it for the re ij basis of all fcfir argument amomj^all associations of men, that only such inferences should he drawn from their propositions, as the phraseology and nontext warranted.—'This he held to be a right which every man who submits a proposition, might, and ought to insist un. ilc said Ihisstroug • ly, because he felt it strong! v. A character fia! hcen given to the resolution, which he had in troduced ioto the hoil.se, very unlike itself, and one which gentlemen were not fairly at liberty to give it.—If tliedebate were to go forth to the people, separate, from the resolution, nioc-tenths of the community would suppose he had made a proposition calculated to involve the country di recilj’^in war, with all its attending train of evils. He wished to call the attention of the committed to the simple question; anil what this question was, by the blessing of God, he would set forth to the committee an ►to the country. An honor able gentleman, from New-York, had consider ed the resolution, ;is explained by its advocates, to amount to an universal guarantee of liberty throughout the globe; but. how such an infer ’ cocc could he deduced, hi; could not see. What was the fare of the resolution ? Did i^ wear any 1 thing of the-appearance of being in favor of a guarrantee for universal lib- ty ? He wished the 1 country to decide on its merits and character.— 1 Was it fair, was it correct to give it such a con struction ? Ft answered much better for the gentlemen to set it forth in such strong terms, forttie purpose of making such answers as they wished* . Gon ’ (lemen had formed a fiction in their brain and ; were going on to make replies to this fiction. The Gentleman from N. Y. had fancied there ' was a nnfte under the cover of the language, and proceeded in his whole argument, to sus tain himself againstj^bis chimera, of his own ima ■ gin attorn . His friend from i\. HTwhoTad^ddnMseS Uic committee on the subject, and who, he pre sinned, was not inclined to a fiur departure fn»in the real object of tliC resolution, had fan cied it to be a fulcrum, which was to move the world—a flaming sword which was to guard the way to the gates of Paradise. lie had not heard this from liis mouth, nor had he himself heard auy tiling like it from, the lips of others. He had never thought the resolution was about to work miracles; he thought it would do good —that is was a proper resolution, and one which did not deviate from the customary mode of Congressional proceeding. The same gentleman had toll! the committee, that if Cervantes had not lived, here would hav e been a fine subject for the exercise of powers for others—he had spoken of running tilts against windmills—of another crusade. Mr* W . observed, that he might pprhaps be de ficient in perspicacity, if he was not, he e’ertaiu ly could not see things as gentlemen had repre sented them; that his duty obliged him to meet all objections, and if,* in meeting these objecti ons, lie should encounter difficulties, he should endeavor to surmount them, though he might be f ailed tilling at windmills. Perhaps there was more truth in the gentleman's remark than at first seemed to him, and the assertion that the support of this resolution was Quixotic, might be correct, if such obstacles oppfised his way. The gentleman had considered that the adop. tiou of the resolution was aflording aid, encou ragement to the Greeks, but he asked him seri ously to weigh its import, and lie would willing ly rest the question of its decision, upon bis judgment. He proceeded to reply to the gen tleman from Mississippi, who thought the adop tion of the resolution would .do no good, because the expression of our opinion would not be una nimous , and also to the genllemau who spoke yesterday, for whom hi.* felt great respect, who -Opposed this resolution arose wholly from fooling.- ; i f lac name ot Greece had not been uttered, tl i lie had known of *hat policy and principle '» arch governed the- Haly Alliance, if Greece were an Island in the Pacific ocean, he woiHd have introduced the resolution for the purpose of recording our dissent from the principles thej •romulgate. Gentlemen Jolt shocked at the treT mendaue consequences which were to follow, and had pourt rayed the horrors of war* bella, horrify 'dla, a» if the question before them was whether we should make a declaration of war ag-ainst 'onlinental Europe. They fancied we should have to send our Ni '7 to the Mediterancan, tliat England would find occasion to quarrel with us, that she would s, nd her fleet thitherto seal up the streights o.‘ •ihraltar hermetically, and thus our navy, our nride, be doomed to destruction. All this was an illusion of the fancy—it bad nothing to do wiji the real object of the resolution, which imported nothing but peace and mildness. ITe turned to the gentleman from Virginia, vho this morning had found in his quotation roni Puifendorf the other day oq tile principle •jf national law, an answer to his very position— : ^ alluded to the gentleman’s inference which he had made to the remark that he had spoken of the Greeks as no better than slaves, and di.-. vlaivMwi havjng used the expression in the*senso he sup-1 <ed. Tie touched upon the stimulus which had been alluded to, as to the exercise of executive power, and begged all to believe, that he had little to do with either, and called the attention of the committee to the real question before thi/Vn—und what was it? It* proposed,’ simply,'a response to the message of the Presi !.*nt, and an expression of our opinions upon the character of that combination of sovereigns, •y.io were leagued for the destruction of liberty every where. * The President had called the attentiou of Con gress to the subject, and had advanced strong opinions—stronger than even he himself fait; lie’ had told tho House that the dominion of the Turk was lost over the Greek; and, m accord ance, he had taken upon himself to introduce a esohiiion proposing whether it was fit for the louse to express any' opinion on the principles which were now promulgated and maintaineil by the power of the sword in Europe. This was the pith of the question. The President was the organ of the govern ment, nx it regained our foreign relations—he; had sent his message containing his sentiments, htpposo if were a speech delivered in the House, to which some answer must be given, would not the answer he similar to the resolution before the ! loftse ? The language of the message w-^s cer tainly sufficient to justify alkie expression of an opinion on the subject, and ins a. wisaou, ra ther than the expression of any sympathy. Mr. TV. observed, he was hound to say the adoptioi of the resolution would have no evil effect—i* would not affect oirr foreign relations—it would not give offence and all the iangers which were apprehended were visionary. He glanced at the amendment proposer] bj •he gentleman from South Carolina, and went on to assure the Houses that, by passing the r< - •oluuon, they would impose no new duty upon • he President, but would leave it in his power to j act, precisely where he found it. He alluded to the fears of gentlemen, that if an agent were *ent out, it woul 1 be only to send anotheryictirn ror a Turkish sabre or soimetar: and proceeded to remark uno/i the onl\ and legitimate merits >fthe question, .whether it was proper for the house to entertain an opinion on Abe subjects tnd.'cono’udcd with an expession of his regret, ■ hat the subject had not fallen intoother hands. iVlr. Fuller, of Mass, took the (loor in opposi tion to the resolution. He considered it one fraught with danger.* That all Europe will look upon, if as the appointment of an Envoy Extraordinary, and ribtfm inoffensive, innocu ous resolution. /'he President had not asked the interposition of < on oss; and why, then, flris interference. He said it was the sancti > of natural law, that to send an Agent would l>e i just cause of offence. I was enjoined by the Constitution on the President, to have the con sideration of our foreign affairs; and why had he not recommended the appointment of an Agent? And as he had not, why should the house assume a responsibility which did not belong to them. Suppose, in consequence of such an act, the Turks should let loose his myrmidons upon our commerce, all our navy would not be sotficicnl to protect it. » Our commerce in the ATclitcr ’•nnean was of great value ; we should take no step to destroy it. * • Mr. Fuller spoke for about half an hour agajmst the resolutions, but our limits will not admit, of a full report of his observations this evening. Vfr. Bartlett rose to make some remarks i ' reply to the honorable the Speaker; in the course of which he made certain observations which (jailed up Afr. Clay, who warmly replied to wbat he considered a reference to the position in which his friends had placed him as a candidate for pro > motion- , « 0 • ^Orwnotio^ofMrTsmyfAlThTcommUteeThen" rose, ami tlie house adjourned. Monday, January 20. A. Military Appropriation. Mr. m'Lane, from tlie committee of Ways and Means, reported a bill making further appropri ation for'the military service of the U. States, for tlie year 1024, which was read a first and so conu time, and committed. Mu ay Appropriation. Mr. JiPhatie, from tlie same committee, re ported a hill mnkiug appropriation for the sup port of the Navy of the United States, for the year 1821, which was read a first and second time, and committed. Elijjjih Firi^hl. Mr. Wit Mlesey, from the committee on Claims, reported a bill for the relief of the representa tives of Elijah Bright, whieh was read a first and second time, and committed. Joseph Marshal. Mr. Hamilton, from tlie committee on Milita r Affairs, reported a bill for tlie relief of Joseph Marshal, which was read a first and second time, and committed. Mr. Hamilton,from the same committee, made an unfavorable report on the petition of J. Whea ton, which was laid on the table. On motion of Mr. Gurley, it was Resolved, That the committee on the Public Lauds be directed to inquire into tho expediency of paesitig a law of Proscription, limiting tlie time in which suits may be instituted for recovery of lands in the state of Louisiana, claimed under ti tles derived from the French, British, and Spa nish governments, in all cases where there is ad verse possession ^ the government of uio U.aitcd States, or in any person or persons claiming the same from, or under the said government. 'On motion of Mr. Slorrs, it was Heso/vctl, That the committee on the Judici ary be instructed to inquire into the expediency of so amending the act, entitled, “ An act sup plementary to an act fur Uie better organization of the courts of the United Slates within tlie state of New-York,” passed March 3d, 1823, that a* appeal may be had from any final decree or judg men! rendered in the District Cour> of the Nor them District of said state, before the passage v. said act. On inotiou ef Mr. .Mercer, it was Resolved, That the President of tho United States be requested to communicate to this hous such part as lie nay not deem ?t inexpedient to divulge, of any correspondence or negociatiou, which he may nave instituted with any foroigi government, since the 28th of February last in compliance withr a request contained in a re soluti >n of the hduse of Representatives of that date, relative to the denunciation of the African Slave Trade, as piracy. Ordered to l.e one day on the table. On motion of Mr. Rogers, it was Resolml, That tho committee on the Post Office and Post-Roads, be directed to inquire into the expediency of establishing a post route from Eastou, Northampton county, Pennsyl vania, by Stockerlown, Roscommon, and Shaf tersburg, to Stoudsburg, in said county. • TILE GREEKS. Mn, Webster movc-d that the liouro resolvt itself into a Commit!ee of the Whole on the State of the" Union, hich bjpirg agreed to, Mr. Taylor was called to the Chair, Mr. A. Smyth took the door, and after read, ing the rpsolutidh of the honorable gentlomai from Massachusetts said that by it we ar6 cat cd upon to acknowledge a new nation) and, al though the honorable the Speaker had consider ed this a trilling question, he must consider it a very importaii one. It was a proj»osttion to re cognise Greece as au independent nation; and such a proposition could not be a harmless one. If the law to authorize the appropriation were passed, whatever the mischiefs which would arise out of the measure, it would then be too late for any" prudeuee to rectify them. We inusi. look into history for our guide on this oc casion; and not deceive ourselves into a bclio that because Spain, on account of her situation, or from any other causes, refrained from notic ing our acknowledgment of the South-Ameri can States, we might adopt this new proposition without danger. Me cited cases from history, which he considered parallel cases, to prove that this idea was not warranted bv facts. Fie re plied to the various arguments and assertions which had been brought forward in support of the proposition, contending that the fact of ►». recogn lion of Greece as an independent na tion, would be a sufficient cause of war. Me insisted that there w^3 inconsistency in menac ing, as wc had done, the Allied Sovereigns with our displeasure, if they at tempo d any hostility against South-Americsr; and promising not t<-1. terfere with an of the colonies or dcpendcncie of Europe—inclining, of course, Greece—and then proposing to acknowledge the independ ence of Greece, in defiance of Turkey ajid tho Allied Powers. He proceeded to make •ome observations ujkhi the remarks of the gen ! tleman from Massachusetts, which called up ■ >ii. It rbstrr who corrected the language which 'ad been attributed to him by the gentleman from Virginia, and the reporter of his remarks. Mr Smyth resumed, and took up new exception* to the proposition on constitutional grounds; con tending that the resolution was an improper in r frrence on the part of the House, with the power of sending out ambassadors, which the Constitution had vested.in the executive. The business of this House is exclusively of a legislative character ; and the executive can, at his discretion, send out an. em bassy, without consulting the House, or receiving any authority from it. He then insisted that .the mere act of sending out an ambassador would not havr the effect of benefiting Greece. The gentle man from Kentucky had said that he would leave all the responsibility of sending out an ageht with the President ; blithe insisted that this House, when it made tluj appropriation, would render itself res ponsible for all its consequence*. The appropri ation itself would he a sufficient authority for the President to act upon it; and the people would at tribute any evils which might result from the measure to thr House, and not to the President. And if the measure should prove successful, the gratitude o*' the new power would be almost exclusively directed to him who had introduced this measure into thw House. He had no ifbubt that tfie President would act with dis cretion, without any interference of this Mouse. He had done so.in the case of South America. aiuf\Vonld doubtless again shew n sound judgment in the Choice of the time when such a measure as that proposed would be expedient. He thought the proposi on called on us to interfere between the Turk arid his subject. We may talk ol the cause of liberty; but what have wp to do witl the liberties ot any people, unless we are ourselves involved in the question ; and where only we ha ve a right to act, we have a right to set in judgment. A nr what have we to do with religion ? We cannot ever Interfere with the religion of our own people. Thi Turk may become a citizen* and bring his religioi and hi« mosque info the United States, and we canuo interfere to prevent him. Scio had been quoted ; ani the cruelties practised there hadjmen brought for iward'totUr up the feelings ot the House. But tjx % massacre of Scio did not stand alone. The Russians themselves had been guilty of greater outrages. He did net wish to enumerate, but in would Tefer to the massacre of Ismael, where 70,000 individuals were put to death. There were • liter instances, such as the massacre of the Greeks by the Jews, and of the Jews themselves. He believed the Turk to be more tolerant than the Catholic. He did not extripate; hut offered us the alternative, the Koran, the tribute, or the sword. But, as regards Catholic toleration, look at the French Uugonots, and lobk at the dun geons of the inquisition. He denied the possibility of Greece existing ns a Republic, in any way similar to ours, situated as she is between, Russia, Austria* and Turkey. The most that could be done for Greece, would be to obtain terms for her as a portion of the Turkish Empire; and lie was not for the adoption of any rash measures, which would briugthe men of blood updn her. Our policy is to give no cause ol' offence to any one—but to be on our guard. If there is any cause of offence against the allies, it is on the part of Bngland. With respect to the United States, as a nation, she had nothing to ask of any foreign nation—whatever may be the wants of in dividuals—but friendship, and “let us alone.” We arc not acting on our own responsibility, but on the responsibility of an immortal people—a people, she character of whose immortality, whether jt shall be ■me of glory and freedom, or of abject submission 'ill misery, wvrs yet to be determined. He was no prophet of evill and was not desirous to predict that the evil alternative would be ours. There are but two powers in Europe ; England is one, and the Al lies are the other. If they unite* there will be but one power. Lnglaitti will not enter into any alli ance of which she is not at the hya.I. She cannot ho at the head*ol sueh an alliance as the one men tioned ; ami therefore, he believed, that she would not ally herself -with the Allied Sovereigns; bur will probably be fouud in opposisi.m to them, lie be lieved, although England would not interfere IHtli ' Greece; yet that she would make a stand in favoi of South America. He thought there should he a unity of design be tween the United States and England. They alone ■in defend the liberties of the world, and they can' do it if united. He would, thcreldre, leave Europe to Lnglaud. The Greeks are a peculiar s*ect—a. eligious sect, professing a religion exclusively their own—and he did not think a stand foi human liberty should be made o«i such a people. Hi thought he should act with the utmost prudence ; and il prudence would not keep us out of conflict,' ve must prepare to go into it with vigor. i’.icli adverted to the variety of cases where insults have been offered to the rights and liberties of people, where our protest has been withheld. If, therefore, we should protest in this case, it would be an involuted case. He thought, therefore, it would be injudicious to act upon the present pro position, unless it* could be decided by a greater majority than there is at present likely to be. He would therefore move, that the committee now rise, with a view to close the discussion on th6 question, lor the prtisent. * ■Mr. If right of Ohio, offered an amendment to the amendment of the gentleman from Sonth-Caro lina. Mr. Rich then renewed his motion, that the com 'ittee rise, which motion pre\ ailed. The cotn Miittec then rose. Mr. Taylor then moved, that the House do notv adjourn.—Ayes 117. The House then adjourned. . NEW YORK LEGISLATURE. Friday, January 16. IMr. ’Cm stow having called lor (he considera tion of his resolution, declaring the right ol members of the house to attend the meetings of select committees, except when they may he 1 ordered by the bouse to hold their meetings in secret, Mr. Rugf.r, of Oneida, moved that the house adjourn; but the yeas and najs being called thereon, he Withdrew his motion. Mr. Rugf.r then remarked that the position of the gentleman from Tioga (Mr. Bars tow) wn - certainly a nets and a novel proposition. II ■ had taken partis to ascertain the practice in Congress, and he had learned that none attend ed there unless at the request of the committee. If this resolution passed, commiftees could not command tin ir own rooms where committees often met. There could be no tftne or opporl u nily for deliberation, if intruders had a right to come in. They will disturb the committee; and it sites were allowed to he about the com mittee, and to carry all the crude remarks the\ hear to newspapers—[Here Mr. R. was inter rupted by Mr. Gardiner, who requested an <x planation—for if the gentleman intended to im pute the terms spies to members of the house, he called him to order. Kt was neither correct ‘■or x ntlemanly.} Mr. R. said he did not in tend to apply his observations to any particular case. There would he, he said,crude ideas ex pressed in committee, which they would not ,wa d to have go before the world. He was sa tisfied this was an innovation. And what calls for it, said he, at this particular time ? If this rule is adopted members would have no place for retirement! we cannot shut the doors of our rooms. Mr. Kttm.wf.m., of 1 Albany, moved to ad journ, but Mr. Barstow having previously the floor, the motion was decided to he out of order. Mr. B arstow said that members of the legis lature h.'it^ in his opinion, an undoubted right to be presdtit at the meeting of committees, no had he ever liennl it disputed until very lately. There were certain privileges and iminunitie' guaranteed to us by the laws of the land—others were secured and enjoyed by invariable usage. Of the latter kind, was that which was declared by the resolution he had submitted. He. had been a member of the legislature many years, and had never heard it questioned until the pre sent session. And he would ask whether it was proper for a chairman of a committee, when a a member approached the committee room, to say to him—Depart, sir, you are a Spy / The gentleman who introduced the motion for the appointment of the Committee of Nine (Mr. Flagg) Hun professed to he anxious to colled information from all parts of the- State, and said, that before 9uch committee the question would he discussed. But did that gentleman fnear that it was to be discussed with closed doors ? Was their any thing unreasonable to the propo sition ? Did it give occasion for any one to l»e afraid? Mr. B. then rend frrfh Jefferson’s Manuel, p. —, in which it is explicitly laid down to be the right of members to atte^l such com mittees, though not to vote. Mr. B. expressed his opinion emphatically, that the people ofthi* State were not prepared to authorize a secret chamber. f Mr. STIt.t.xf kj.i. renewal his motion to ad journ. Mr. Tai.i.vj adc.f called for the yeas and nays on the question of adjournment, whereupon Mr, Stillwell withdrew his motion. Mr. Chart,*of Washington, asked whether he was standing among the t-efresentatives of freemen <fr of slaves? If of the former, we were bound <• let those who sent us hero know what was going on in all cases where their in terests were concerned. What wag the object I of appointing a select committee?? To report facts and their opinion* thr rcon. And was it » necessary firr making <rnt s*»ch a> report that H should be obscuieu in dmiciiis* r i. *!ici..»u* a conspiracy against the rights of the people, shall it be concealed ? Shall the proceedings of the committee's be carried on in the secret shades of night: ami if wo claim our right td attend and witness them, shall we lie branded as spies ? The powers of the colpmittee are derived from the I louse, and shall they slap the doors in the faces of those who create them .•—*» Let tltem, if they choose cork the keyholes of their doors. But their doings will uu(» J.et them cast the die. It may be the die of blood* The of the people wero at stake on ag •. at and inoinentious question, and those who are anxious to exclude the members of^he il< isd from their undoubted privileges, will be marked and known. Mr. Flagg believed from the circumstances under which thw resolution was ollbrcd, t^iut it was intended to apply personally to him* The gentleman from W ashington, (Mr. Crary) had talked of blood. IS hen this country was bleed* ing at every jiore, that gentleman turned away his eyes—(Order, order, was called from various parts of the House. The Speaker decided that Mr. F’s observations vyerc personal, and yin of oixler.)—Mr. F. said he stood corrected, but contended that the resolutions were tlnprvre* dented and Unnecessary. TheV were caiehia* ted to disturb good feeling and good onler.__ What was tiie object of a select committee ?—* That they might retire to their committe tvioms, and discuss the subject alone. 1 f the object Was to swarm into the Comrnttee room, to prbvcnt deliberation, the object of tlie resolution *.• * not laudable. Gentlemen seen) to apprehend some jKiwder plot. Mr* F. bad no such app:e* bension. He adverted to the publication oft.!*c proceedings of the t drnmittee of nine, in the Daily Advertiser, which he thought wet-e cal* culated to produce an injurious effect, by eNet ting, unpleasant feelings. Gentlemen had-. at been refused admittance. Vj aetnal g- i, :.i- e had been felt, and lie hoped the resolution wuuui not he adoptciR Mr. Crary rose oo'y to say m reply (o t a geutieman iron) » m,wr, (Mr. Vlagg-V—aial !,e would now yiy it once for all—that the dee la lion, or insinuation of that gentleman, that, he 'Mr- Crary) was in any manner opposed *to ids country m t> e late war with Great Britain, was unqualf.t dly and vhaohttc ht FAI <SL On motion of Mr. Warren, the House then adjourned* INTERESTIN’ G FkOiuMJUTf* AlVIJ-lR ICA. The barque LcoqaH, ('rafts, has arrived ; t Newport from Buenos Ayres. The Edit. ;s . £* the Ni. Y» Gazette are indebted tc a mercantile friend for the following highly interesting tx*. tracts of letters from that pl&co, dated 4th of To veinber. Tiic last news from Peru, received two da vs since, is very favorable to the cause of the f'a triots. Our dates from Lima, are to the 10th October. Bolivar arrived there on the 1st._ lie was received with great jov and constituted Chief of t)»e Republic, with unlimited powers* An expedition of 2900 men sailed from Cliili ou ie ;iii ittstani to assist Peru.—Gen. ISt. Cruz lad obtained a considerable victory over ; j inanlsh General Valdez, near the BesOguardoi Gen. St. Cruz was at Areqnipatflth a force, it is said of0000 men.—La Serna the Victory had evacuated Cusco in order to form a junction with Canterac. In short, the affairs of the Patriots had taken a very favorable turn, and there ap pears to he little doubt but they will soon got i id of the old Spaniards. A . soon as Bus takes place a great trade will be opened at Buenos Ayres. Flour lias been sold at Lima as low as .£>» per ban d, on board ; it has got up howe j ^17. The conveution made herewitli the Span ish deputies for a general aitmdice has not been ' .. tilled in Peru as might be expected from the niosperous state of the American cause. “The Indians have been very tioublesotne of !ate here. They have made incii.sions in me 'Tovinee in vir. ions directions, dnviug oil the cattle, making prisoners of the women, a id •mtchering all the men the* can get lio.'d of. rbe small bodies of troops stationed on the 'iers, have been attacked and defeated seve-tl tunes by them, which bar render...! them n are old than formerly.—Crowd-o; p. nple <rum af ferent payts of the country have flocked to the city tor protection. The" Indians mis- led on, ,t. •s said, by some persons Loin here di.-.afieeted to i lie government. They hav. indeed boeo».> ormidable as to create a great deal of af .rin <mohg all those who have any property in • ,e country. The govo miner, t are taking etiergrt ic measures to clear the Province of its barba rian envaders, and will no doubt succeed, but not before very serious losses are c/.j-^riet'Ced. The Indians have the most deadly -hatred to 1*1 white men, and never spare them when Ink-n prisoners. The principal chums of their late sue >'gri-ai < -M-Hsion ot trontiers made last year tiy thegovcn incut. “For the last month (.here has been very seri ous apprehensions in town of a revolution.—The late invasions of the Indians have had a tenden cy to increase the clamor against the govern ment* The 6 per cent, stocks which w.-re at h> per cent, have fatten to 40—and even fin's price is nominal, no one wishing to purchase during the present nnscttlcd time.—It i most probable that a change in government will t.,ke place at the next election (in the month of Mf cl, next) if not before by violence; in either cos,, it will certainly prove for the worse, and probaKy involve the place once more in anarchy. “The duty on Flour from the 1st oi' January next will be as follows—* When the price doe. not exceed £10 1-2 rer* l»bl. the duty is 7 per bid; when .'ho price is from 10 1-2 to 14 the duty is 5 1-4; when the price is more than 14, the duty is 3 |-2. The following is a list of the American vesv Is since my last, Sept. 0.—Sept. 10. -hip Ihrima Matilda,from Fh.ladclphia, with2600 hrJs.flour* 10th, br«g Arcthusa, from do o00 hrls. do »,«■> aborted cargo, 35th 1m ig So . t h American, from dodry goods; Oct. 0, scl.r. Mo, from Boston > 13th, brigs fjr*a, Hailv, Frazil, produce: l. ri, Fettwick, Bio, wine, &c.; 24, s«l,r. Gleaner* Boston, assorted cargo, .small valro. The following j„ a list 0f American vessel now here:—-S’.fjis < oncord, of PorMnou*h. p.|> ing in mules; Ida, of Boston, to he broken up Kinrna Matilda, BofferHain; brig* Josiph, \) I , vajia,* with beef' iVlain, Gibraltar, ArcbVc-a i Pliilad; South American. Havana, with hrtf* Ursa Bailey. Gibraltar} Mexico, Brazil Cv Fenwick, Boston, 3 or 4 weeks; schr. Gleam# • Bntjzil ( oast. A lettea received in Philadelphia from Bur nos Ayres, under dale Not ewtier 6, quotes floifr §34 per barrel. “Flour is selling for to 9* Jollarson shore. The last which came in (on the 25th ultA w small parrel per the brig Sooth Caro'in,/. wr„, k * wassokl at. 20fl<tlln r» sml ,ix rents per harr-J— but in conceqiitHtce of no a" rivals since, it h-a improved, and we think will keep up. Toe last quotation from 1 ,nm yrns bi) t:> 64 <4oliar.-peV barrel, Wtl At data*ad>.