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_ , _ DEMOCRACY., THE COASTlTUTIOA\ AJYD STATE RIGHTS. , i^LPLgA8A]^£g_& ^ RICHMOND, VIRGINIA. TUESDAY. FEBRUARY in. 1S24 ... - —■————J====--- ■ -p——|---.--- 7 \ OL. 1. IN O. D. tlj lnc Constitutional Whig is published twice a week, (Tuesdays' and Fridays*,) af fire dol lars per annum, payable within six months, by all who are original subscribers. or become so in ninth/ days from this dale—aiul in udvancc for ull who subscribe thereafter. !1 i* For advertising—fifty rents a square (or less) for the first insertion, an l :>7 1-2 rents for each con tinuance.—The number of insertions mast be noted on the. M. S., otherwise they will be continued and charged accordingly. Hj* . Idecrlixonrnts from the country to be paid for in a dvance, nr assumed by some responsible initi vid.ud in this place or -Manchester. (O'* All tellers to the Editors must hr post-paid, or they i-iil r.-ceire no attention. Cottou Way Vvon, COUNTRY STEEL, &c. IVc luio&just rrceioed frum "jYcio York, i /\ Halos Cotton Yum,from No. 5 to 17, It I 10 tons Bar Iron, ;» do. Country Stool. A.Ni» IllVK IN STOUT*, •>Q barrels L oaf and Family Sugar, COO casks Nails from the llelle Isle Factory, and Freeborn’s Patent Ploughs. All of which will he sold low for cash, or nego tiable paper. 1H IOC lv E N PROF G11 & IIARVIE. Januuvy 27 tsl VALUABLE LAND FOR SALE. rjNlle subsvribor is authorised to sell, THE JL TRACT OF LAND ol‘ Doctor Robert II. Rose, in the county of Amherst. It issitualed on Harris's creek, a considerable branch of James river, and within about 4 miles of the town of Lynchburg. It contains 51)3 acres—about 2.50 of which are cleared —JO of it prime Low Grounds—the balance ol the tract is heavily timbered. This entire tract of la nd is very rich, anil well adapted to the culture of tobacco. On the creek embraced in this tract of laud, there is a fine mill scat. Few tracts of laud, of i^s extent, can be of more value than this. If a private sale lx* not etfcctcd before Thursday the 4th day of March next, it will on that day, if fair, if not tlr.* next fair day thereafter, Sundays excepted, at 11 o'clock, most positively and unconditionally be m!d, before the door of the Franklin Hotel, in the town of Lynchburg, at public auction. The terms will be made accommodating.—If the sale be made at auction, the credit will be in equal payments at one and two years from the date of the sale. Bonds with) approved security will be required. RICHARD POLLARD. January 27. tdsl CAKEY STREET SVuuVfcTy and \\\an\;-Tiook Opposite Mayo's Bridge. fFTlIE subscriber respectfully informs the the pub lie, that be still carries on the ROOK-BIN D ING, In ali its branches, and at the same time re turns his thanks to his friends and customers for their liberal encouragement. Hq is now closely engaged, as a wotktnan, in tire above line of busi ness, and promises that all kinds of work committed to lii$ c&re, shall be done with a degree of accuracy, neatness and durability, calculated to render satis faction, as it respects materials workmanship and reasonable prices, (they being his great objects;) and sincerely hopes, by strict application to busi ness, he will be deserving of encouragement in his present situation. Having had considerable experience in Europe and America, the subscriber assures those who are ‘unacquainted with him, that he will not at least be found inferior in executing work of any kind ; and should any thing in this city, as it respects the binding or materials of a book be pronounced supe rior, he should like to be farvored* with a view of the same, in order that lie may be instructed in making one for a comparison, if possible—as a me chanic s mind and hand can always find room for improvement, particularly when he meets with su perior workmansh’.p. He has provided himself w:.th an assortment of large size PAPER such a<- Super Royal, Royal, MtdiUm, Demy, Foolscap and Folio Post, for Mer chants’ Account Books and public offices generally, which will be ruled and made to order by any pat tern, equal to any in this country, or no charge will be made for the same. Also, on hand, Russia, English and American Calf Skins, Parchment, Vellum and Morocco, of various colors,suitable for all kinds of binding. Ledgers, Journals, Day, Cash, Invoice, Tobacco, Bill and Chock Books; Dead, Will, Execution, Or der, Docket, Tec and Minute Books, are all made of the best materials, and of the most suitable pat terns, with despatch.—Particular attention will be paid to ail orders, either in the city or from a dis tance. ITT Members of the Legislature are respectfully invited to leave their orders at the Bindery, or if more convenient, at the Compiler Office. All kinds of Binding, including extra calf or mo rocco gilt, w'ill be done in a handsome style, on very reasonable terms. N.B. A small assortment of BLANK BOOKS and CHECKS, are kept regularly for sale.—All orders thankfully received and promptly executed, and forwarded, well parked, to any part of Vir ginia. FREDERICK A. MAYO, J January 30. ts2 Agent. W2tt\ H. FITZWHY1.S03W, Keeps constantly on hand, SFECTACLES mounted in silver, steel and tortoise shell; also Goggles, Spectacles with dcnJble glasses, and new glasses, while and green, to put into old frames, which he will have done at the shortest notice. GLOBES, Mathematical Instruments, Mag nets, Thermometers, Water colours, black and red Crayons, Pencils, Drawing Books and Paper. W ALKING CANES, Pen and Pocket Knives and Pocket Books. BIBLES, TESTAMENTS, Prayer and Hymn Books. VIOLINS, German Flutes, Flageolets, Cla rionets, Fifes, Instruction Books and Music for different Instruments, Music Books and Paper. Strings, Bows, Bridges, Pegs and Reeds. SCHOOL BOOKS, Greek, Latin, Frrnch and English, with a general assortment of Lite rary Works. BLANK BOOKS of all descriptions, for Mei chants or County Court Offices, ruled and made to any pattern, with or without feint lines. Patent Backs and Russia Bands. Large writing, Foolscap and Letter Paper, in great variety, and Parchment Old Books re-bound, and all l^inds of binding done in the handsomest and mostdurablc manner. Every article sold on the lowest terms, and all order* promptly attended to. January 27. $ S, EtagYe, YUw. SAMUEL PUTNEY, Agent, HAS RECEIVED, by late arrivals from New Vork, a most elegant assortment of GENTLEMENS’ AND LADIES’ SOOTS AND SHOES, «F THE lOUOWtNG KINDS: Gentlemens'calf skin Boots, 1st, 2d, and 3*1 quality, Ditto, ditto, Bootees, do. do. do. Ditto, ditto, Shoes, do. do. do. * Ditto, Morocco Pumps, with & without lreeh, Lads’ Shoes, 1st and 2d quality. Ladies’ bo«t calf skin Bootees, Ditto, ditto Morocco ditto, Ditto, ditto, ditto, walking Shoes, 1st, 2d, 3d quality. Ditto, ditto, tea colored ditto, ditto, Ditto, ditto, sealskin do. do. do. do. do. and Ditto, ditto, black figured & plain Satin Slippers, Ditto, ditto, ditto, English Prunella ditto, Ditto, ditto, black Morocco Slippers, 1st, 2d, and 3d qualities, Ditto, ditto, tea colored ditto, Ditto, white Semilc silk ditto, Dirto, blue ditto, ditto. Ditto, Mazarine ditto, ditto, Ditto, pearl colored ditto, ditto,. Ditto, Salmon ditto, ditto, ditto. Childrens’red, green, tea colored, & Morocco boots, Ditto, leather Boots, Mens coarse bound and unbound Bootees and Shoos, Boys’ ditto, ditto, ditto, ditto, ditto, Womens’ ditto, and fine leather ditto, ditto. As the most of the above articles are en ’c in our manufactory, and of the best materials which can be procured, we Hatter ourselves we shall continue to meet with the liberal patiouage we have hitherto re ceived. WE HAVE ALSO ON HAND, Leather Travelling Trunks, of all sizes, Seal skin ditto, ditto, Hair ditto, ditto, Portmanteaus, Emmerson's celebrated Razor Strops, And an elegant assortment of gentlemens’ and la dies’ Pocket Books. The above articles have been procured at very re duced prices, and will be sold on the most reasonable terms. Jan. 30. 4w2 VALTj adle stock of AT AUCTIOJY. THE Subscribers, intending to decline their pre sent business, will offer for sale, at public auction, under the management of Messrs. Moncur.% Robinson 6c Pleasants, on MO.YD A Y, the 2^d of March next, their entire STOCK OP BHY GOOBS, It ithout any rcservc.—The following enumerated articles are among those that will be offered, viz: idioms ana t^assimercs, Cassinetts,Bombazctts, Bombazines, Fig’d Si plain Poplin?, Florences t Levantines of various colours. Handsome Plaid Silks, Figured Si plain Sattins A large Si extentive as sortment of Cotton Shawls and Handkerchiefs, Buck, Kid, and Beaver Cloves, 4-4 and 6-4 Cambrics Si Cambric Muslins, Jackonct and Mul Mul do. Figured & Plain Leno and Book do. Cambric Prints and Gii^hams, Bandanno, Flag and Spitalfield Handkerchiefs, Circassian Plaids, Merino Circassians, Zelia Handkerchiefs Si Scarfs, A superior assortment of Thread Laces, White And Coloured Mevsaillcs Vestings, Jeans, Cotton Cassimeres, Worsted Vests and Drawers, Cotton Si Angola do. A large assortment of Marseilles Quilts ofdif ferent sizes, Damask Table Covers and Napkins, Merino Shawls and Scarfs, Canton Crape, Handkerchiefs and Scarfe, 6-4, Huinhums, A large stock of Rib bons of various widths and colours, Silk, Worsted, Cotton .and Thread Hosiery Apron Checks, White atid Coloured Domestics, Morocco Needle and ThrradCasesand Pocket Books, Pearl, Gilt, Cambric, Lacc Sc Thread But tons, Jet Beeds, Buckles and Clasps,60,000 Needles, Bonnet Wire in spools, Corduroys, Silk and Tabby Velvets, Irish Linens, Linen Cambric and Cambric Handkerchiefs Silk * Lace Shaws and Handkerchiefs, Gilt and Common Pins, Black & White Gauzes Bobbinetts, Sewing Cotton in spools, balls* hanks, Rattinetts, Cologue Water, Power Loom Shirting, Dimities, Violin Strings Quality * Bed Bind ings, Figured * Plain Black Silk Cravats, very elegant, Russia Drills * Sheet ings, Worsted & Cotton Tassels, White Cotton I* ringes, some extream ly neat, Muslin Robes, White * Coloured Gimps, Chineile, for embroide ry, &c. If ith many other articles, too numerous for the limits of an advertisement. Our friends and customers, and the public gene rally, are invited to call and examine our goods, before the sale takes place, as we will sell at very reduced prices, by wholesale and retail, and we have no hesitation in saying that great bargains will be oficreri. J. L. & S. JOSEPH. All persons indebted, are requested to come forward and settle their respective accounts; and persons to whom we arc indebted, arc also request ed to bring in their bills for settlement. Feb. tds J. L. fr S. J. DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP. The Partnership heretofore existing- under the firm of RROOKE & HUBBARD, is ibis day dissolved by mutual consent. Exum S. Hubbard, is authorised, to settle the bu siness of the concern. RICHARD BROOKE, EXUM S. IIUBBARD. Jan. 30th, 1324. AUCTION AND COMMISSION BUSINESS. rjpHE subscribers have this day, connected 3 themselves in busmens under the firm of BROOKE & COSBYS. They keep their store under the Bell Tavern. Any business, en trusted to them, will be particularly attended to. Any article deposited with them for sale, a liberal advance will be made in cash. RICHARD BROOKE, JOHN COSBY, SAMUEL COSBY. Jan. 30fh, 1824. Trust Sa\e,. ON the 21st day of August 1822 a Deed of Trust, wasexecuted to the subscribcrsby Jamo ■ Hill, of the town of Manchester, whereby was convey ed to them a Tract of Land lying in the *ounty of Pow hatan, and containing about ninety acres. The subscribers as Trustees, will offer the said Tract of Land for sale to'the highest bidder, for cash, at Powhatan Court House, on Thursday the 21st day of February next. RICHARD O. HENDERSON, • JESSE HI-X. Jan. 3ft. idsC fcSugav sl THE Cargo of th • !•>ig Frances will be landed ii» a day or two, consisting of 107 Bags PRIME GREkN COFFEE, 10 I Bids. Jamaica Sugar, Loaf Sugar and Window Glass. \\ c are now receiving,and will receive in a fcwdays, 100 Barrels Loaf Sugar, of various qualities, 200 Boxes Window Glass. *Moncure, Robinson 6f Pleasants. January 27. t<l Domfcstiu Uimds. He have on hand, £* will receive in a few days, about | } Packages Domestic Plaids, Sheetings and Shirtings, of the mo.it approved manu facture in the United States. .Moncarc, Robinson cj- Pleasants. January 27. I3j From the Boston Daily Advertiser. The J\cw Tariff.—\\ e proposed to o.Ter ano ther reason why the public will not jiermaneut ly submit to so lii^g-li a rate of duties as that pro vidediu the new bill. It is, that ll»e people of those parts of the country not directly interest -1 in the succtvtf of manufactures, will find iiemselves dis ippointed in the effects to be pro ceed by it. What arc the great benefits to )« derived from this measure which have ren dered it so popular throughout the country ? It is not merely the relief of a few individuals, struggling under the calamity of having invested their fortunes in an unprofitable concern, nore ven the enriching of those capitalists who have c ub >rked in speculations which already pro nise the best reward of any that the country af fords, that is hoped for, fruni this great project. It i., regarded as no less than aa universal svs t "ii of relief, tliaf is to banish forever that evil of all evils, the scarcity of money. It is to dam • » the long deplored drain of specie, and to pro duce a l eternal influx of gold and silver into the country. - It would involve u discussion of the whole mer it of the scheme, :ls a measure of natioual poli cy to mdertuke to offer a full demonstration tliai al! 11 .se cxpectat ions are delusive, and that the accl nations whie!i are ascending from all parts of the country in favor of the measure, proceed from a gross mistake with respect to-its nature and tendency. But it is not necessary at pre >■ n t go into litis general discussion. It will he sufficient for tlie. present purpose to show, that here are popular errors with respect to the anticipated effects of the measure, which it is on ly necessary should lie removed by a short expe rience of its operation. lo abate much of the ar dor which is now felt iu favor of it, if not even to turn the tide of public feeling iu the opposite di rect :ou. The great orrar is in supposing that every dollar that go' s out of the country to pay for g >ads cousin...v d withiu the country, is so much dead loss to the country, and that, a dollar paid for an article produced by domestic labor, in stead of purchasing a similar article produced a 11road, is a positive national gain to that amount. This supposition forms the basis of much of the reasoning in favor of encouraging, at any sacri fice, the rrjauufaetmcs of our own country. It forms the has s, if we mistake not, of that system of political economy whchlias brought forward the whole western country as advocates for an increase of duties.—Let us test its accuracy by a little more minute inquiry into the nature of these operations, and their effect, particularly upon the western country. It can hardly be necessary to state, that goods purchased voluntarily *rom abroad, and appro priated to the subsistence, convenience or com fort of the purchaser, must be supposed to im prove his condition. If the condition of each in dividual is improved, so also must be that of the nation, and there can be nothing fn the pur chase, to be deplored as a national loss, unless the articles might be procured more economically and beneficially by domestic manufacture. The only inquiry therefore is, whether in compelling the consumer to purchase that which is manu factured here, there is in the aggregate a saving of money or property to t'nc inhabitants of the country. If the manufacture here, were the mere act of volition without any expense or la bour, it is manifest that there would be a clear gain to the country in procuring the article in this mode, in preference to purchasing it from abroad. But unfortunately manufactures are not so cheaply conducted. It is sufficiently well understood, that they are the joint produce of capital and labour, both of which if not so ap propriated, might and probably would be devo ted to other profitable objects. The inquiry therefore results in this question,whether in the supposed case, the capital and labour are more profitably employed iu producing Mic article, than in the pursuit from which they have been diverted for this object. To illustrate the principles on which this in quiry rests, we will apply them to the operation wf the encouragements offered by the new tariff, in a supposed case, resembling in its general features what will actually occur if the law goes into effect. Let it be supposed that there arc now annually imported into the United States, goods which cost, including the expense of im portation, 4,000,000 dollars and pay 1,000,000 dollars duty—that these goods cannot now be profitably manufactured in this country for the 5,000,000 dollars which they cost the importer —hut that for the additional sum of 500,000 dol lars, a sum less than the proposed additional duty, they may be manufactured, so as to afford a net profit to capitalists, labourers and all persons concerned, of 500,000 dollars, or a clear profit equal to the whole sum demanded for the goods beyond the present cost of importation. The consequence will be that by the operation of th new tariff, the 4,000,000, except such part of the sum as is embraced in the expenses of im portation, arc saved to the country, as it is called, —1,000,000 dollars arc lost to the treasury,— —500,000 dollars are gained by the persons employed in the manufacture,—the same sum is lost to the consumer, in the enhanced price oftiis goods—and 5,000,000 arc absorbed in the ex pense of manufacture, instead of being appropri ated to the purchase of the means of remittance and the payment of duties. It may he remark ed in passing, that the money which is set down as “ lost to the country,” is for the most part paid in the purchase of ashes, cotton, tobacco or other produce, to he shipped abroad; or by a lit • tic more complex operation in the purchase of bills of exchange, drawn for the proceeds of such shipments ; and the money is thus as much appropriated to the encouragement of domestic industry, as when it is paid for the labour or materials employed in manufactures. But to pursue our illustration, the imagined advantage derived from manufactures, to com pensate for the loss of 1,000,000 dollars to the public treasury, and the tax of 500,000 dollars to the consumer, consists in the payment of the price of goods to our own countrymen, instead of paving it to foreigners. 'To secure to our own countrymen the annual surn of b 500,000 i dollars is certainly no mean object, and if it were paid to those who would otherwise, have been idle, and for the use of capital which would other wise have been unemployed, it would be an ob ject worth contending for. But the supposition with which we set out is, that the labour and capital is worth 5,000,000 dollars for other ob jects, as useful no doubt for the public as those gained by the change of occupation, and there is, in tlii • view of the matter, but half a million sav ed for the million and a half that is lost. If we had 50,000 men capable of labour, but now to tally unemployed, and capital w.hich could find no other useful investment, the case would be different. But it is not so. We have neither capital nor laborers that depend on the bounty of the government to afford them profitable em ployment. The capital for the operations we have sup|MJsed would be withheld fromcoinmcrcc from the fisheries,from agriculture, from the purchase and culture of the lands, and the endless variety of objects which it is admitted in the outset afford a profit greater than that which is promised by the supposed manufactures, without the addi tional duty.—The labor required, instead of be ing extorted from the idle, would he diverted from the employments we have named, and still more from that tide of emigration which for ma ny years past has regularly peopled and enrich ed the western country, and laid the fimndatiou for future competence and wealth in cultivating the immense wilderness which still remains, to tempt the enterprise of those who eaouot find profitable employment near their paternal homes. I he more fully the subject is investigated, the more clearly it will appear, that the encourage ment of manufactures is not so much the means of retaining property, in thecountry, as of chang ing the form and nature of that property, an 1 di recting it, together with the population to par ticular sections of the country. That so far as they are profitable, beyond other pursuits for which they are substituted, they will increase the wealth of the nation, there can be no doubt. That so far as they are encouraged to the aban donment of more profitable branches of industry, they retard the growth of the nation, is equaliv clear. To .encourage them at a cost beyond what is necessary to overcome tho embarrass ment incident to the commencement of a new enterprise, is a mistaken policy, of which expe rience will demonstrate the error; and those who have been victims to the mistake, will en deavour to indemnify themselves for the injury which they have sustained. We have already remarked, that wc consi der our own state more deeply interested in the success of manufactures than any other part of thecountrv. It is therefore our true policy to encourage them on just and defensible principles, but not at the expense of other interests, or to an extent that will hereafter appear excessive, and will consequently be withdrawn, or perhaps provoke retaliation. We have alluded to the Western country. How is it possible that the people of that coun try do not perceive already, that the manufac tures of New England, have afforded employ ment to thousands of enterprising young men, who but for this new channel of industry, would have added the fruits of their skill and' labour, together with their little patrimony and their earnings here, to the wealth of that region ? It is undeniable, that the emigration of an active portion of our population to the west, has within a few years considerably abated, and that to this very cause is to be attributed iu some degree at least, the check in the prosperity of some of the western states.—They are now deeply embar rassed, and are deploring the scarcity of money, and dream of no remedy but damming up the ocean that floats it to England and to India. They have mistaken their remedy, and in due time they will discover tlieir error. They can not at present become manufacturers, though at some future period they undoubtedly will. The more direct tendency of the great encourage ments offered to this pursuit, will be to prevent emigration from the Atlantic States, and to re tain in those parts of the country where the greatest capital now res-des, both the capital and the increasing population, instead of diffusing it over those regions where there is still room for acquiringiudependence by agricultural pursuits. Having in our preceding remarks attempted to show that any increase of duties is unnecessary for the protection of manufactures, and that the proposed increase is urged on false grounds, the error of which will be unfolded by a short e x perience, it would perhaps be superfluous to proceed to show that a temporary additional en couragement, granted under such circumstan ces, must prove injurious to the country at large, and more especially to the manufacturing parts of it. But it may possibly be said, that a nation al feeling has now been excited in favour of do mestic manufactures, and that in proportion as we become more “ independent of foreign ra tions,” the ardour ofthis feeling will be increas ed. We are aware that some very popular ar guments are made use of in support of the pre vailing doctrines, and (..at they have been pro pagated with a zeal, perseverance and hardihood, that seldom fail of success ; and unless the vari ous societies for the encouragement of domestic industry shall find some other employment for their presses, journals, and writers, the cause is not likely to fail for want of advocates and eulo gists. Hut the writing, the declamation, the labours of societies, the parade of public meetings, the memorials and resolutions, and all the machine ry of popular excitement, will not always be on one side. There is a strong opposition to these doctrines among cool, disinterested, and judici ous men already, and this opposition will in crease as the subject becomes better understood. It can hardly be doubted that, as wc have al ready suggested, the result of a sho^t experience will be sufficient to bring the public mind to a correct view of the whole matter. Hut this is not all. A subject which so deeply interests every member of the community, can not fail to be made a party quest ion, and a means of party excitement. The unreasonable en couragements and rewards offered to a particu lar class of men, and in a grout measure to a par ticular portion of the country, will be seized up on as a party watchword, capable of being used with great effect. It will not be at all surpri< ing to see a new division of parties sprit^-up by which the manufacturers will be arranged on one side, and the anti-manufacturers on the o~ tlier. In such an event; when the anti-manu facturers will be furnished with a motive for wielding the strong and irresistible arguments against the executive dut;es now to he adopted, as a means of gaining political influence and powcr.therc can be nodoubt which will be found the weaker party. The manufacturers inav in such a case expect to feel the reaction of that excitement which has now been produced in their favor. There is also already in some parts of the country, a violent popular opposition to these measures. We give the following sample of the tone of mi? opposition in South Carolina, freuj the address of a new editor on taking charge of! one of the newspapers printed at the seat of go vernment iii that State. That tone is not likely to be moderated by any experience of the el fecLs of these measures, especially if the respon sibility of them can be charged upon an adverse political party. Alluding to the proposed Tariff this editor says— “ In that we see dangers of the first magnitude —an embarrassed commerce ; a crippled reve nue ; a system of excise men and internal taxes, and one part ot the same government tributary to auother—and for what? Why to assist 'a few monopolizing companies, or gratify the vi sionary dreams of a few theorists. Is not the actual situation ot England enough to warn us ? Is not the degraded state of the majority of that country sufficient to convince us of the ruiu which must follow all restrictions on fair enter prise and equal privileges i Most certainly it is—or, has our anxiety -after John Hull’s old clothes become so confirmed, that we must even cl*ip on his strait jerkin the very minute when the first blink oi reason made him lay it off.” Having made these general remarks on the tendency of the project of an increase of duties, which have been spun out to -a length far beyond our original intention, wc proceed to take no tice of some of the details of the bill, which do not appear to indicate any great share of wis dom and judgment on the part of the framers of it. In the Jd section is a provision which savours much more of a spiteful hostility to the importer and consumer of foreign goods, than of sound judgment. It is, that in addition to the other duties imposed by the bill, there shall he collected and paid, 44 the full amount of such bounty or premium, or allowance in the nature thereof, as, on the exj>ortaUoii of similar articles, inay be given, paid, or allowed, iu the country or place whereiu the same shall be produced or manufactured.” 1 Ills is indeed a master stroke in political c eononiy. It must be obvious to any oui that the immediate effect of such a provision will be the repeal, in Great Britain, of all giants of bounty or premium on the exportation of goods to this country, bv which means the additional duty thus imposed, and paid by the American consumer, will be paid into the British Treasury instead of our own. It might be well to inquire whether Congress has any right to lay duties on our own people, for the use and benefit of a fo reign government. These bounties and premi ums, it will be understood, consist of the remis sion by the British government, to the foreign purchaser, of a part ot the excise duties which are paid by the consumer in that country. Our government in this provision sav, that the A merican purchaser shall have no advantage of that remission, hut in addition to other heaw duties here, shall pay the same duty as the Bri tish consumer. On the exportation of books, for example, the British government allows a bounty or drawback- c '-pence per pound, which of course reduces the cost of the books to that amount, to the purchaser in this countrv._ As this bounty is allowed for the benefit of the purchaser, to induce him to become a more li beral customer, and not for the benefit of our treasury, there can be no doubt that it will b withdrawn, as soon as it is known that its object is defeated. Our government will then so far gain their object by this provision of the hill, rs to increase the price of books to those who may be inclined to read something not primed in this country, and instead of adding this increased cost to the receipts of the national treasury, will save that amount to the British government. But it will he said that there is still another object gained, the prohibition of the article on which this bounty has heretofore - een allowed. Here again occurs the question of the right of levying duties for the acknowledged purpose of prohibiting importation. We deny the exis tence of any such right. Besides, it will not in general have that effect. But it will in all ca ses have the effect which we have stated, of compelling our citizens to pay to a foreign go vernment, higher-excise duties on the goods which they import, than that government volun tarily demands, and of taking from them the pri vilege of purchasing goods on the most favora ble terms on which foreigners are willing to sail them. We shall next remark upon the rate of duty proper to he laid on some of the articles enu merated in the bill. Petersburg, Feb. 6. TOWN MEETING. At an adjourned meeting of the citizens of Petersburg, held at the court house, on Tuesday Evening, February 3, 1824. John H. Brow n, Esq. in the Chair, Edward Pescud, Secretary. The committee to whom had been referred the preamble and resolutions, submitted by Mr. \ ancey, on I riday last made the following re port, which was unanimously agreed to. The Citizens of Petersburg, assembled in Town Meeting, to devise and adopt the neces sary preliminary arrangements, for celebrating in an appropriate manner, the ensuing 22d of F eb. aud likewise united in expressing their sympathy, for the cause of the strugglingGreeks, and to join in the general contribution of the people of the U. States to their aid—agree to the following preamble and resolutions;— That to celebrate the birth, and to cherish the memory of him, who was “ first in peace, first in war, and first in the hearts of bis countrymen,” we consider as a duty sacred to gratitude, ar/] dear to patriotism, as a debt justly owing ’0\ ourselves, and which posterity will never cr &sc to pay:— That in reverting to the cause of the Ameri can Revolution, and in calling to mind the; vir tues and the sufferings of VVASHINGTO iV, and his compatriots, we have before us the exam ple of a people weak in resources, yet powerful in the spirit of freedom, nobly daring to assert their rights, in the face of tyranny—and we are taught strongly to sympathise with all other na tions, who seek their liberties by an appeal to arms—and especially those, who, starting from the sleep of centuries, hurt at their infidel ano bar! lanousoppressors, t he gauntlet of defiance:_ That in contemplating the happy condition, and splendid prospect* of our country, the bless ed effects, anil glorious promises of free institu tions—we are sensible of, and rejoice at the influence of such a spectacle, as well upon the secret conclaves of Despots, as upon the deter mined resolves of the friends of freedom, through out the civilized world :— That it affords us the most lively satisfaction to perceive, as well from the appeal of the Sen ate of Caiamnta to the people of the U. Stales dated in 1821, as from the representation ad dressed by Mr. Lunottis, the Greek Agent in London to our Government, that notwithstand ing the distance between us, the infrequency ot intercourse, and the radical difference of Ian*, guaga, tl»c modem Grecians ontertain ideas Ukj most correct, and favorable to our Republican System.. and of the genius of our people :—and That *•. e rejoice to ■’ndrnT.md, from the ?tr»no official, and other authentic soiu.i.., ,... ..«■ arms of the Greeks, in their three > oat s’ na:, hare been generally successful—that by si a, their squadrous have maintained a ooustc.iif com munication between the continent and tie islands——have destroyed many of the ships of their enemies, and blockaded some of th< iy principal ports:—that the celebrated defiles < i' Thermopylae,consecrated by numerous Battle-, and rendered the theme of immortal story, Iv the glorious devotion of Leonidas anil his band, have recently again been the theatre of important victories, atchieved by the Patriots of Greece:—that the Turks have been driven from all their strong holds in the south:—tlo't Corinth has expelled her Ottoman masters; nTut that Athens, once the chosen seat of liberty, long the favorite city of the arts—where Modu les taught, wlierc Demo-thcucs spoke, and Pericles stood forth the patron of genius. Athens, we are gratified to learn, is no longer polluh d by the tread of her ruthless Conquerors : — Wherefore, considering that a pecuniary eon trilmtiou from any quarter, however small, mav be acceptable to a people in the throes of Bevo lution; and if nothing more, that the sympathies and good wishes of a free nation, may serve to animate and encourage the Greeks, in their uo ble struggle—he it Resolved, That we, the Citizens of Peters burg, will commemorate the ensnieg i*2d of Feb. by an Address to be delivered at the Thea tre, by the reading of fFashington's Farewell Address, and the Address of the Senate of Ca lainata, to the people of the U. States, auil like wise by a Ball, at such place as may hereafter be agreed upon. Resolvrd, That we will readily unite in a general voluntary contribution at the Theatre; the aggregate of which, together with any sur plus that may arise from the subscription to tS< < Ball, shall be forwarded to the Treasurer of the/ Greek Fund of the City of New York. R< solved, That the officers of the line, and the Volunteer Companies of the Town he re quested to appear at the Theatre in Unfonn, a. d with their arms. Resolved, That It. O. Ilciiricrson foe ::ju pointed Orator of the day ; and that Win. Ro bertson, Jr. be appointed to read the addron, mentioned in preceding Resolutions. Resolved, That John II. JUrmvn, Fiehavd Field, Robert BoJIing, Jos. Bragg. Edward Pes cnd,F. G. Yancey, D. C. Bulls, Thomas al Taco, Wni. Robertson, Jr. R. O. Henderson, R, G. Pegrain, Win. B. Wood, Robert Gilliam, Jr. Jno. Wiliams, Jno. B. Straeban, A. Cunning ham, Win. Pannill, John McRae, Julm Pollan!, and H. F. McKenna, be appointed a cennuit tee of general arrai gement: that they he. direct ed to contract for ttie Ball, and also to act aa managers of the same. Alter the business, for which the meeting had been originally called, had been disproved of, the. chairman submitted a letter which had been re Ceived from the New York Chamber of Com-, mcrce, in relation to the proposed Tariff. This letter, on motion ot Mr. Robertson, was refered to a select mmik.ee, con; sting of Messrs. Br. Robertson Dr.Fvld Joh F. May, Wni. 1 Tax all, F. G. Yancey. James Dunlop, John V. Will cox, L. E. Stainback, Win. Robertson, Jr. ami P. Durlcin, who aro authorised to report their proceedings therein, at as early a day as practi cable. It was then ordered, that their proceedings bo inserted in the several newspapers published in this town. JOHN H. BROWN, Chairman. EDWARD PESCUD, Sec’ry. Domestic Manufactures.—Wo are gratified to Fearn that a company was some time sine-1 formed in New Jersey, for the purpose of nianufartiii Steel, and has succeeded beyond too most sav. dm expectations ot the individuals composing it. TIo steel which tliey have already made, has been t-rii d. in various ways, and is found to be of the iv.v, qual ity* lf is worthy of remark, Cut the >tet-i which was made troni native iron, wa. found to bo ouch. Preferable to that manufactured from Swedish and Russian iron ; it was more malleable and fluc'ilc, and possesses greater elasticity, -.virile it v. . sus ceptible ot as hich a temper as ca t steel The company has tak-n mea me to bate dr. quality of their steel tested, by making arrange ments with the Secretaries of ijic War and Nav* Departments, to have it tried Ui the armories liftin' United States. We irust that it will equal th wishes of the enterprising r.entlcrren, who will tint • confer a favour on their ev.untry, t v furnishing na other means of industry ijind independent!, U, S. Gazette, Mr. Johnson,, the Unwearied and eloquent fneiul of relpous fr^cdo?ii, has obtaine»l leave to report a bi.l m the S enate of the state of IMurykoui, trie object of which will be, to admit such poi sons as b» lhrvt-d in a state of future rewards and pumshnreuts, to hold offices of trustor profit in the sta te. AVe most sincerely hope, that such a measure will be at least presented to the con* sHler'atimaof the people of Maryland, who, il'fhev thn? k proper, could defeat it at the next session', ami prevent its becoming a part of the ronsfifu tn >n. Air. Johnson’s bill removes the objection whi..fh many had to the bill w hich was lately ro i jeeked by the House of Delegates. That lull provided no test whatever, which, though in our [ o pinion the better plan, was one reason why it did rot succeed. The modification proposed hi Mr, Johnson will, wc hope, remove all difficulties_„ Maryland Republican FASHIONABLE BOOT & SHOE STOKE, Opposite Messrs. R. £ II. Jfeiloon's. Jl-'S J received by the Astrca, Chesapeake arvt other packet* from New York, a handsomo assortment of Ladies and Cent lemon's fashionabln set©:® 3 & AMOWG T1IF.M ARE, Lathes elegant white Silk Slippers, Coloured do. do. Black do. ’ do. Morocco do. do. Figured Denmark Satin do. Plain Prunella do. Misses coloured Silk Shoes, Seal skin and Morocco walking Sht^* Morocco Boots, Ladies Seal skin and morocco do. Black kid Slippers, Gentlemen’s best tpiality cnlf skin Sho-' Ditto do. Bootees, Ditto do. Boots, Ditto Low* priced Roots, Boys coarse and fine Shoes and Bootee,. Childrens’ do. do. Mens’ coarse Shoes and brogues, —ALSO,— A handsome assortment of Seal skin, hair and Lr ther travelling trunks tic. S c. J A M ES P. W EBSTER, Sr Co January 27. yfir,’ I^OR sale at the Hornet office, and a*! Mv • W. II. Fitzwhylsonn’s book store, a few t. pies of the pamphlet entitlod, “ Reiters or I Richmond Party—by a Virginian, original I published m the Washington Republican.”— Prfrre 'lucent*.