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lii<of .Monday, < h tober VOth, that Lt.
Kennon had no disposition to do so. lie ex pressed satisfaction at this information; he looked among a pan-e! of pa|iers for the pieecto which I had retorted, and (not being able to find it) observed, that, if the paper alluded to was such as l had represented, and if hi' was no more chafed, the tiling should ri -t, or words to that effect. Question. Did Lt. Kennon ever mention a ny ititheulties lie hail had with Capt. Porter in the West Indies ? Answer. Never, until after the publication in the Georgian. Question, lias he ever shewn you any let ters which passed between him aud Capt. Por ter ? Answer. Not till Rome time after the publi cation in the Georgian ; I then asked hitn the allusion of that piece, and drew from him, by that means, the production of these letters. Question. Do you know that it was so ar ranged by Lt. Kennon, that his article, of the 10th November, should make its appearance the very morning of Capt. Porter's leaving Norfolk for Washington ? Answer. No, sir. Question. Were you not informed, by Capt. Porter, ofhis intention to leave Norfolk on that day ? Answer. Yes. Question. Did you not inform Lieut. Ken non of Capt. Porter’s intention ? Answer. Nottorny knowledge. The examination of the witness bein'*closed, on the part of the prosecution, he was permit ted to withdraw, and the Judge Advocate read to the Court, a letter from Captain Porter to hitn, (enclosing certain letters and copies of let ters from Lt. Kennon to Capt. Porter,) as fol lows : U.viTED States, Ship John Adams, January 30, 1321. Sir : If Lieut. Kennon will admit, as testimo ny, the enclosed letters, and copies of letters, to shew the feelings which actuated him towards me, it will save much time aud trouble. 1 have the honor to he, \ our obedient servant. i). PORTER. j W. F. Jonf.s, Esq. Judge .Idvocatc. Whereupon, the accused handed in a paper, which was read to the Court as follows: j The papers which Capt. Porter proposes to me to admit as evidence, relative to matters oc- j curving prior to all the matters of this prosecu- j tioTi, not the .subject of any change or specilica ti«m at this trial; one of them to a matter sta ted by Com. Porter, some time since my arrest, as vine of his intended charges, and afterwards deliberately abandoned by hitn. lie has, there fore, put it out of my power to be prepared by proofs, to meet these accusations. By a rule of justice and reason, sanctioned and main tained, no les3 in naval than in civil courts, evi dence to any of these matters inadmissible; and in bo case can the principal apply so pro j pcrly as in this case, where the prosecutor, by 1 abandoning the charge, deliberately has pie- j vented all preparation to repel one of the aceu- , sat ions. But I stand hero for rnv honor, as a j man and an officer, and 1 will waive, as 1 have, I heretofore, waived, all objections, and give the j prosecutor free permission to investigate, now, ■ ail the acts ot my lit.*, personal or professional, ! it no will do so on principles of reciprocity. If _lu>-wiii produce ail my letters to him. and more especially mine of the lllh Aprii, IS 21, and his answer. I will consent to admit the papers he proposes ” And the Court then adjourned to meet, at this navv-yard, to-morrow inornimr, at 10 O’clock. j V. S. N.\vr Y.inn, Gosronr, V.\, Saturday, Jan. 13, A. 1>. J The Court met, pursuant to adjournment. Members present, as on y e- terdav. Lieut. Kennon appeared,an 1 Captain Arthur Sinclair was again cailad into court, and cross examined on the part of the defence, ns follows : Question, by Lieut. Kennon. Did Captain Porter, in his conversation with you, in Octo ber last, or in November, tell you he was the -author of an anonymous publication in the Georgian,” assailing my' character ? Answer. He did not. Question. Did he, in your conversation with him in October, or at any time, tell you, or inti- i mate to you, that, on finding 1 had no concern i in the publication in the Herald, which lie j deemed offensive, he would make anv reparation ! to me, or that he would, by any publication, ei ther anonymous, or in his own name, endeavor to correct, in the public opinion, the mischief that the publication in the Georgian was calcu lated to do me; or that lie would, by private ex planation, repair the wrong? Answer. No, sir, I understood him no fur ther than that, if he approved the publication which I had mentioned to him, in the Herald, and if he was no further chafed, the thing should rest where jt was. Question. Did ho know that I was in Nor folk when he was there, in October and No vember lust ? • Answer. I think I named to him that you were in Norfolk. Question. When you read the first publica tion, in Use Herald, of the 8th September, did you perceive that it conveyed any reflection on the personal or odiciul character of Captain 1’orh.r Answer. No, sir, none whatever. I had no thought upon the subject until Lieut. Kennon mentioned to me that there wa.: a little error in the publication, which I thought of >-o little im portance, that I advised him to give himself no trouble about it. The cross-examination of Capt. Sinclair be ing concluded, lie was directed to 'withdraw, iV: Lieut. Josiah Tatnall, of the « 8. navy, being called in, aud duly sworn, was examined, as foi Jo-.vs, by the Judge Advocate. Question. At what time did you arrive from Savannah, to join the IT. H. frigate United States'? .Answer. I arrived on the 2Cth November. Question. Did you not, s'ton after your ar ri*.:»!. inform Lieut. Uevcrly Kennon, (bat fapt. Porter was tbe author of ari article in the ‘Geor gian.1 defending himself from an attack in the i Jerald, bearing Lieut. Kennon’s name ? | (Answer. I did, sir. Question. When did you inform him that Ca;>t. Porter was the author ? Answer. On the evening of the 2CtJi No vember. Question. Do you know that Lieuf. Ken non ever made any use of the information y ou gave him ? if yea, yy bat u*c i Ansivcr. 1 do not know that be ever made any use of it. Question. Did you obtain that information from the editor of the Georgian, or from ins a gent ? Ansivor. I received that information from a gentleman yvho obtained it from the editor of the Georgian. Question. Do you mean the rotirl to un derstand that this gentleman yvas not the agent of the editor of the Georgian ? Answer. He yvas not the agent of theeditoi of the Georgian. Question. Mi 1 Lieut. Kennon. yvhori yon in formed him wbowa* the author of the article in the Georgian, say, that he <iVsjKCI<\l as much, words to that effect ’ Ansiver. No, <ir. Question, /lad you any conver*afion with JLicflt. Kennon, on tho ’he subject of l»if diffr i rcnce with Captain porter, since the publica tion in the “ (Icorgian ?“ If yea, what was the nature of that conversation ? Answer. None that I recollect. Question. Did lieutenant Kennon say to you, in any conversation you bad with him, that be was ignorant of the author of the article in the »* (Georgian ?** I Answer. Uicutenant Kennon informed me that lie bad received no definite information as [ to the author of the article ;hc had heard no | thing more than mere surmise. Question. At the time lieutenant Kennon published an article in the Norfolk and Ports mouth I lerald, containing a coppy of a letter said to have been received from the editor ot the (teorgian, (say loth December,) was it not currently reported, and Generally believed, tba. the United Stales’Frigate United States was on the point of her departure from this country* and was not lieutenant Kennon first lieutenant Cennon first lieutenant of that ship ? (Here lieutenant Kennon admitted that there ira-i, at that time, such a report in circulation.) The examination of lieutenant Tat nail, on the part of the prosecution, being concluded, the accused was desired to proper, any questions lie j might deem proper, and the witness was cross examined as follows, on the part, of the de fence. Question. Did you inform me that Captain Porter was the author of the publication in the “ Georgian,’’ as a fact within your knowledge, and which you could, personally, establish, or, that you heard if from another on whom you could rely ? Answer. That I bad beard the fact from one on whom I could rely, and that 1 felt confident it could be substantiated. Question. In making your communication to me, were you influenced by a belief that my honor and character were so deep'v implicated, by the anonymous publication in the (icorgian, that it was your duty, as a brother officer, to make known to me whom you had reason to believe the author? Answer. That was my motive ami belief. Question. Did yon not tell me that the pub lication referred to, bad made an impression on the public mind, in Savannah, injurious to my cua racier. Answer. I did. Question. When you told me Cnplain Por ter was the author, did 1 not express to you my astonishment that Captain Porter should have made such an attael, as 1 had never, directlv, or indirectly, done loin an injury, or assailed him personally or professionally? Answer. Yes; you made those remarks. Question. Have you known me long and well in serv ice together, and as a private gentle man ? Answer. T have, Sir. Question. Ininy professional character, have I been a triend to discipline, subordinate and respectful to my superior officers, or have I been captions, insubordinate, and disrespectful to my superiors ? Answer. I have always considered Mr. Ken non particularly correct in his deportment as an officer. Question. In service, have I been wanton in the use of my power over my inferiors, or dis played towards them any evidence of a cruel and tyrannical temper ? Answer. Never, to my knowledge. Question. In service, have I displayed anv temper of false indulgence to iny inferiors, re laxing necessary duty, or displaying any low de sire to obtain popularity with my inferiors, at ihc expense of discipline? Answer. 1 have never observed any thiii»* of the kind. Question. With my equals in service, lias my deportment been frank, open, and above board, or artful, deceptive, and suspicious? Answer. 1 have always considered your character to be that of a gentleman. Question. Ix: my conduct as a private gen tleman, have you ever discovered that I was l.tbc, malicious, and mischievous, or capable of using I/rr.TC means to attain my object ? Answer. 1 have nev cr made such discovery. The cross examination of Incut. Tatnall be ing concluded, he was directed to withdraw; and Lieutenant Gommandont F.alph Vomhecs being introduced and duly sworn, was examin ed as follows, on the part of (he prosecution. Question by Judge Advocate. Were you not ou board the Hcs Gull when she arrived at Tompson’s Island, from the coast of.Hast Flori da, and found lying there the Spanish schooner Sngunda Galliego, brought in by Lieutenant Kennon? [Lieutenant Kennon here handed to (he Judge Advocate the following proposition :J J he question relates to matters not em braced by the charges and specifications ; and is therefore,not legally admissible, as the proofs j '» support of the prosecution, must be united to • becharges preferred. Hut (he prisoner again repeats, that he i* willing to waive all objections to this or any other matter, on the terms of per il ect reciprocity; and if Captain Porter con j -ents to allow me the same range in mv de • fence, that he wishes to take in the prosecution, | and will, unreservedly, answer to all my inqui j l ie's as to his conduct, and impose no restraints i on mv proofs, 1 shall not object to the question; ; hut, until this consent be given, I hope the ques i lion will be suspended.” The court was then cleared: and, after delib eration, it was decided that the question should not be (nit. I he doors were then thrown open, and (he • prisoner, witness, and audience, admitted. Question by Judge Advocate. At what time i did the I uited State*’ schooner Galliot Sea ; Gull, arrive at Norfolk from Thompson’* Gl and ? Answer. On or about the 24th October In-.l. Gross examination of Lieutenant Voorhees i on the pai t of the defence. : Questions by Lieutenant Kennon. M ere ! too in the i ity ot Washington in December last, and at what part of that month ? Answer. I was in Washington some time in the early part of that month, say a fuituight. Question. Have you ever had any conversa tion with Captain Porter, in relation to a ccrti j ficatc of 1’. Wilson ? Answer. No, I never had. Question. Do you know any person who had ? I) you do, stale his name. Answer. No. Question. Do you know who was the author of an anonymous publication in the Georgian, respecting-me; or al whose instance it was pub -Answer. I do not know. I did not sec it un til it was iri print. Question. Have you ever beard Captain Porter say he was Ihc author? I Ait .wer. No, sir. The witness withdrew, and the court ad j jonrneil, m meet again on Monday rnornin~, at j 10 o’clock. (7 b he ronlinurj. j ! Four ftrtrh yotltln have arrived :»f. TWton ■ rotn Malta. In be e bleated in I!iis country— | / 1 •' are represented as possessing g*x>d inlel | powers, ami of correct d orlmenl.— | I l»v a Inroad ancient as mil as m> in f.'reei,-. ■ or le s acquaintance irith Itali in. \ 1 >*••» ir.adc sot of.- proficiency in l!n.r cb they converse intelligibly. ,j f ? • 11 <bc bet sessions in assault and b f*c, were tried' ^ A I £\g\\teenW\ UongY^ss. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Max 26. MKMOHUL OF MR. F.tUVARIlS. Mr. Livingston moved for the consideration of the resolution reported yesterday l»y the Coiiunittcc of Investigation in the case of Niitiati Edwards. Carried, ayes 83, nors 26. Mr. A. Smyth moved to amend tlte resolution hy striking out so much of it as provides that Ihrrt members shall be a quorum of the committee—car ried. Sir. Forsyth moved further to amend the rcsolu tion by adding a clause directing tlrat a copy of the committee’s repot t a ud accompanying documents l,e transmitted to the President of the United States. Mr. Cook moved to amend this amendment by in cluding the reports of the Secretary of the Trcasuiv to Congress in relation to iris transactions, with the Western Ranks; the corresjKiudence laid before Congress on that subject, and the report in relation to the illegal introduction of Africans into the Uni ted States, among the papers laid Itelbre the Presi dent. Oil these amendments and the following questions, a debate arose, which is necessarily deferred to an other dav. The g-utlenicn who took part in it, were Messrs. Conk, Forsyth, Jennings, and Webster. Roth of the amendments were rejected. On motion of Air. Living-ton. the resolve was n mendedso a- to direct that the Clerk cause the final report of the committee to he printed and transmit a copy to each member of the House. The question then recurring on the resolution as ante n Jed — I artlrer debate took place, which is also necessa rily deferred. In the course of it, Mr. A. Smyth moved to lay the resolve on the table; which moti on was negatived, ayes •!!», nors 38. The question being put on the resolution as a mettded, it was decided in the affirmative, ayes 7-1. Tiiujisu.ay, May 27. ! Tlie House met at 8 o’clock. Several communications were received from the President of the United States, announcing his approbation and signature of bills passed In built Houses. Mr. Tailor then rorc, and said, that it had yesterday been decided, that three members of the Committee of Investigation in the case of Mr. N iniau Edwards should not he a quorum of that committee. I Ic had understood that one of the members of that committee had left the U. States, and that another was gone home to his residence in Alabama. It was very desirable that the committee should be filled up; and,with a view to that object, lie moved that two mem bers. be added to the committee, to supply the place of the tivo members absent. Mr. Webster said, he rose partly to second ! the motion of his honorable friend, hut more particularly to express bis astonishment at apar agrapli, which he had this moment seen a Rich mond paper, of Tuesday, a communication sign ed “John Randolph, of Roanoke.” The para graph is in these words: “It was at my instance, and not without considerable resistance on the part of a majority of the committee, that the Secretary had the opportunity given him, to tile his answer to the accusation of Mr. Edwards.” A regard to my own character, sir,said Mr. \V. k to the characterofthccomniittce with whom I am associated,does not allow me to pass over this state ment ; and I rise for the purpose of saying, thai t'.ie order, in committee, for communicating the address to Air. Crawford, for the purpose of giv ing him an opportunity of answering it, was j not made at the inslanccof Mr. Randolph; and I further, that uo one of the committee made any | opposition whatever to that motion. I hope I I fully and distinctly understood ; I wish to be | so; and, I again assert, that no one of the com ! imttce intimated the least opposition to the mo tion. Iultimately, the original minutes of the proceedings of the committee arc preserved, s, the entry, as it now stands, in the hand writing of one ol the committee, is as follows : “ APH.1. 28, 182-1. “ Committee met—all present. “On motion of Mr. Tailor, “Ordered, That the Chairman transmit to Air. Crawford a copy ot Air. Edwards’s memo . rial, and the accompanying papers, together ; with a copy of the resolution creating the°Coin inittee, rIo which ;AIr. Randolph proposed the following amendment: ‘and inform him, that tlx. Committee are proceeding in the examination, ami that they are ready to receive any commu nication which he may think proper to make. in reference to the same;’ u Inch amendment was accepted by Air. Taylor; and, thus amended, was unanimously adopted.” Air. Little, of Aid. thought that the measure proposed by the gentleman from New York, was not ueces-iry. lie thought the present com mittee entirely competent"to the business which bad been referred to them, and that it would he best to leave them to settle their oivn ai Pairs._ It must be a very disagreeable thing to remain | confined here after the session of the House was ; closed, and he would not willingly impose upon i another that to which lie should he averse him ! ‘elf. He regretted, for his part, that this mat ter had cvf r been brought before the House, j and that it had been referred to the committee, j g'v'ng it thus an importance which did not pro ; peril belong to it. | Air. Williams, of N. C'. observing that the House was very thin, thought it best to defer the ! consideration of the motion till a fuller Home ! should he obtained; and with that view moved '■ to Jay the resolution on the table. I \Y hen this question was about to be put, it became obvious that there was not a quorum ol ; members present. AFr. A. Smith expressed a hope that the ino j ver would consent to withdraw the resolution. Air. Williams said, he could not consider the 1 measure proposed as at all necessary. Even j gentleman, he believed, was entirely satisfied ' with the present committee, and prepared to place every proper c mfitk nee in their procccd | bigs-—and lie w is he 1 a division of the House on ' his motion to lay the resolution on the table. Air. Poinsett observed, that there was evident ly not a quorum of members present: and from the best information he could obtain, lie was in | ‘bleed to believe, that so many had last evening | availed themselves of the various conveyances I which were departing in all directions, that there ; w as not a quorum left in the city—and he hoped the gentleman frrm New York would not mw sist in his motion. 1 Mr. Cook then observed, that (lieremarks of the gentleman from Virginia, yesterday. (Mr. A. Smyth) required of the Committee off n vest iga tiun to ask what had now been moved bv the gentleman from New York. He did not think the measure was at all required hy (ho parties concerned. The examination of their case migh t he safely left to the present committee without any augmentation; and he thought it would be la>t. under all cirenmstaiices, that the commit tee -houId agree to withdraw the motion. Mr. FI!is spoke a few words to the same ef fect. Sir. Taylor then observed, that it would pro bably be the hot coarse to lay the resolution on the table by unanimous consent, in the hope, that : m the course of an hour a quorum might be ob j lamed. ° ! Mr Poinsett observed, that he had. from U.r j .* l,' rIn "Ppo^cd to directing the committee I fo sit in Hic recess; hut the House had determin ■ ed otherwi.e, and he now thought that it was | w'kolly uimcces-arv that other members be add ' ,So f;,tr fr,,rn ^mg increased within an hour, hr believed the number of attending members would he lessened. Mr. Livir.gsfou rose and said that he had, i that instant coinc into the House, ami that a paper had been put into his hands, containing a letter signed by an honorable member of this House, who was also a member of the commit tee appointed on the Address of iSiniau Edwards, which letter contained a statement, that he thought it incumbent on him as a member of that committee, to notice. It is there said, that, “ it was at his, (Mr. Randolph's) instance, ami not without considerable resistance, on the part of a majority of the coinmitto, that the Secre tary had the opportunity given him to file his answer to the accusation of Air. Edwards.” Air. Livingston said he was bound to declare that there was not on his part the slightest oppo sition nor did anyotht r member of the commit tee express any,or sh« iv the least disinclination to communicate the accusation to Mr. Crawford, or to give him an opportunity of answering it; that on the contrary, it was one of the first mea sures proposed, after the papers were printed ; that the motion was made as appeared by the minutes of the committee, by a member from • New York, in communicate the papers, that Air. * Randolph's amendment was adopted by him, ami it was unanimously agreed to, as amended. Air. Licit igslon said that the statement could only have uri ;en from a very great inisappre i hetisiou of the proceedings of the committee; but that it conveyed so serious a charge on their character and impartiality, that he appealed to the recollection of all the members now present, to declare whether the statement he had made was not correct. Air. Ale Arthur said, that he distinctly recol lected the proceedings of the committee on the 2bth April—that it was upon the motion of Air. Tay lor, the order was made,.to transmit to Air. Crawford a copy of Air. Edward’s Address, and the accompanying papers, together with the re solution creating the committee, which was ac quiesced in by all the members then present. Air. Floyd, perhaps, suggested the propriety of first examining the communication* and docu ments. but did not urge the suggestion. Upon Mr. Randolph's arrival the proceedings of the committee were read to him when he remark - j cd that he hoped the committee would not be l delay ed in its investigation for the Secretary’s oiswer—that he was progressing with the in vestigation, but was willing that the Secretary i should lie advised of it; and moved to amend the motion of Air. Taylor, as stated in the minutes of the committee. That the modification pro posed by Air. R. was accepted by Air. Tay lor, and unanimously adopted. That he was confi dent, that the statement relative thereto, which appeared in the Richmond Enquirer of the 25th hist, over the signature of John Randolph of Roanoke, is not correct. ;»ir. L lovu suul, that lie had just come in, I ! Ac *Ji«J not know very well what it was the gontlc 1 ’nan IraJ been say ing. If, as he was told, it re ; luted to the occurrence in the committee, lie ! could only state the impression which was made j on his memory, though ho did not know that he was correct,but believed lie was. So far,however, | as lie was told what Mr. Randolph had written, it seemed to him that there was evidently some mistake in the business. He presumed it must relate to conversations, in the committee, ra ther than to the measure adopted by them. A proposition was read by some member, he be lieved the gentleman from New York, to this jelled; that the chairman be directed to trans mit a copy of Mr. Edwards’s Address to the Se cretary of the Treasury, and request Ins answer. This was conversed on, and the latter part strick en out. Mr. Randolph came in, and made the motion to amend the proposition of the gentle man from New York, very similar to the first; which proposition was then put to the commit tee, and a vote taken, which scorned It be satis factory to all, and was so noted, lie believed, by the committee. This seemed to him to be nearly the state of the facts, a-> lie remembered i hem. Mr. Webster said that he held in his hand the original paper containing the resolution offered by Mr. I aylor. It had at first heen proposed, lo request an answer from Mr. Crawford) hut it vyas suggested that there might be sonic objcc t ion to tlral form. This was afterwards modi fied, so as to say the committee would receive any communication Mr. C. should think pro per lo make. [Here for the present the conversation drop ,ed.] Mr. Taylor moved that the Clerk, on the or der of the Chairman of the Committee, pay wit nesses who may attend the Committee of Inves tigation, the ussual allowance per diem for their attendance. Agreed to. Mr. Stewart offered the following : “ Resolcrd, That the members of the Com mittee appointed on the memorial of Ninian Ed wards be paid at the usual rale of compensation, for the time they may remain in session, du ring the recess of Congress, out of the contin gent fund.” Mr. Taylor observed, that, if the mover bad consulted bis wishes, he would uol preas the mo tion. At the suggestion of Air. Poinsett, and there being no quorum, Mr. S. withdrew the resolu tion. Mr. Taylor moved the following: “ That a committee be appointed on the part of this House jointly with such committee as may bo appointed on the part of the Senate, to wait on the President of the United States, and notify him that, unless lie may have other com munications to make to the two Houses of Con gress, they are ready to adjoin n ” After a short time, Mr. Taylor, from the Joint Committee, ap pointed to wail on the President, reported that they bad performed that duty, and that the Pre sident bail informed them that lie had no far ther communication to make to Congress. Ordered, That a message be sent to the Se nate to inform them that tins House, having completed the business before them, are ready to close the present session of Congress, by an adjournment on their part, and that the Clerk go with the said message. Mr. Taylor then rose, and said, that, in re ference to the letter of Mr. Randolph, that had appeared in the public prints this morning, he thought it proper to observe, in corroboration of what bad been said by the lion, gentleman from Massachusetts, tb "t his recollection was very distinct that the oiiginnl motion made by him in committee was stronger, and went fur ther, than the order finally adopted, ft not on ly required that Mr. Crawford should be fur nished with a copy of Mr. Edwards’s memorial, and the accompanying papers, together with a copy of the resolution creating the committee, Imt that Air. Crawford should be requested to answer the same. It having been suggested that it ought to be left to Mr. Crawford’s option whether or not to communicate an answer, the suggestion was approved by him, and the latter clause withdrawn accordingly. Mr. Ran dolph's amendment was adopted by the commit tee, as expressing their decision, on the point to which it referred, more precisely than it would (Jo either witli or without the latter clause. Op position was not made by any one of answering the accusation of Mr. Edwards. On motion of Mr. Foot, of Connecticut, the House was tJien adjourned by tJic Speaker (ill ttic firet Monday of December next. All doubts that may have been entertained as to Uic presidency must yield to the numerous and unequivocal demonstrations of public opin ion, in all quarters of the Union. The choice of the nation is fixed on John Quincy Adams, and he will he elided in defiance of inlri oic bribery, falsehood and party si/strm. AA. 1*. American. ■’ DOMKSTIC. Washington, May 29. Tht Convention with (Jrcat Britain—It is not often that our readers have an opportunity to obtain such an insight into the Executive Proceedings of the Senate, as, by the removal of the injunction of secrecy from the Proceed ings im the Convention with Great Britain, re specting the further Suppression of the African Sla\ c Trade, w e are enabled this day to afford to them. The reader will observe that the ra tification of the Convention was decidedly op posed, tho’slrongly pressed by cogent arguments too, as will appear from a pcrsuul of his Mes sage of the 21st of May. Alter a great ileal of debate, the ('onvcutiuu was finally ratified, on the evening uf the -1st, by only three votes more than a constitutional majority. It is true, j the. vote stood 29 to Id in favor of the Treat> ; ; but the Constitution requires the votes of tw'o- ! thirds of all the members present to ratify a • Treaty, and, had there been two votes more a- 1 gainst the ratification, the Convention, even qualified as it was by amendment, would have been rejected. The augments in favor of the Taeaty, are ful ly stated in the President’s Message and the l)i- i plomatic Correspondence. The arguments said ! to have been urged, in Senate, inopposition to the i Treaty, were substantially as follows. We stale j them now, that the reader, who takes an interest in the subject, may at Once have a view of the whole ground. “ The right of visit, or search, mutually con- < ceded, limited as it is, would, it was contended, lead to irritations and injuries. “The Search for slaves would, at sea, it was argued, be extended by the boarding officer be yond the object. Under the pretext of search for slaves, .4merican citizens might be impressedy our merchant vessels be again anuoyed; and our citizens insulted, by the iusoleucc of petty officers of the British Navy. “ It was argued, tliat there was no real rcci- ! procity in the Convention; that, while we had necessarily as many merchant vessels os Groat Britain, she had twouty ships of war to our one, an.!, consequently, we should he by far more ex posed to these offensive and irritating examina tions than her commerce would be. “ It was further argued that the measure was not necessary. We had made the slave trade piracy, and consequently, our own cruisers could capture and bring infer trial all .Americans sus pected of this infamous traffic. This act of the ! ./I me rican Government had, in part, suppressed ! the trade. The British Government had avow-j ed that this convention was not necessary to . suppress this traffic in their ships. The oppusers j of the treaty could not then see the benefit of I this mutual but not equal right of visit and search. Thoj’ feared that it would he seized on as a concession of the claim of search so perti naciously urged by the British, and resisted by the United States, as the expense of a three years war. “ It was, moreover, perceived, that the con vention was predicated on the acts of pirn< j passed by the respective governments. The Convention was unlimited in its duration. This might operate to place the modification or re peal of a law of our ow.r at the in'// of a foreign government. .Against this thraldom the British government was secured by reserving to itself a right to repeal its act, even during the pio sent session of Parliament. The amendment to the Convention was therefore made, author izing either party to renounce it on giving six months’ notice. “ The second article authorized the national vessels of the parties to enter and search mer chant vessels under foreign flags. It necessa rily resulted that the boarding otlicers must, in their discretion, decide, whether this be a true or false flag, and of the character of the vessel, as well as the trade. This would bring us into great expense and collisions, if not to w ar, with France and other nations. “Theseventh article was further objection able, as it gave authority to cruizcrs to select their own citizens or subjects, and send them to their respective countries, for trial. It was seriously apprehended, that this would he giv ing an important power to the otlicers of tin* British navy—not only to determine, on their own suspicion, the character of the vessel, but who w u a British subject. The Senate re membered the doctrine of perpetual allegiance. Many apprehended that a British subject, natu ralized in the United Ftales, and having there his_family and home, might be taken to England for trial; and, whether convicted or acquitted, never permitted to return. The fear that'this limit ed right of search might be abused—that ' there would he no reciprocity—that it might j produce collisions with other nations—form an | entangling alliance with Ureal Britain,—and j give power to British officers to expose us to i great expense, were among the reasons against j the Convention, and in favor of the amend- \ ments.” [Nat. ltd. The first object of Internal Improvement, to ■ which under the beneficent act of the last Ses sion, the attention of the Executive has been di- | reeled, is, wc understand, a Survey of the pro- i posed Route of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, , to its termination on the Western waters, anil thence to Cake Erie. Wc congratulate our readers that this highly important preliminary work is about to be undertaken, by a Board of Surveyors, whose capacity and experience af ford the promise of almost mathematical accu racy to the results of their labors. General Bernard, wc believe, isnt the head of thccominis sion. Capt. Poussin will accompany him. I\Ir. Shrivcr, who has so much practical knowledge i of the subject, is also engaged, and has gone on to Union-town, to make the necessary arrange ment for laborers, &c. for carrying on the .Sur vey. Col. iVPRec, and Mr. Wright, of New York, have been invited to form a part of the Board, which, it is understood, will commence operations next week. Wc have not heard w licthcrthcy «ill accept the invitation, hut will, as soon as we can, furnish our readers with the authentic particulars of this first essay towards the encouragement, by the General Govern ment, of great national works of Internal Im provement. [/r. Wll.i.f VM P. V* Nkss, of New-York, has been appointed by the President of the United States, with tlv advice and consent of the Senate, to be Fourth Auditor of the Treasury, vice Constant Fit kf.ma.n, deceased. Thoma3 Bout.iwo Roukrtson lias hern ap pointed, in like manner, to he District Judge of the United States, for the District of Louisiana, i ice Judge Dick, deceased. lb. Mr. .1. OswAWt» Dunn, the Messenger o* the House of Representatives, arrivediu this city last evening. lie reached Edwardsvillo on the evening of the 12(h inst. left there with Mr. Row \kd* on the Utb, and on the 1 1th left St. Emits on his return home, which he has accomplished in four teen days. Mr. Eow tans ca ne with him asfar as Wash ington, Perm, where, learning from so no of the members who had left this city, that Congress would adjourn that morning, (Thursday.) he stopped for a day; and will arrive in thuj next stage. From this it will ho scon that Mr. En*rA7tr>s has met the summons of the House promptly. The members of the Committee wero lost night informed of the return of Air. Et>WAitr»s, by Mr. Drsv, who railed upon them at. their respective lod^mgs, turned:a;dy on his arrival. Jovmjl. VIRGINIA. .7t a meeting of citizeus at Matthews Court house, on Toes,lay, nth May, 1824, to tak© into 'Consideration a circular received from the t haiiman of the 1- rcdericksburg Adams Meet ing— lIuNr.FY Gayi.k was called to the chair and J.4MV.S II. Roy, appointed Secretary. Whereupon the following resolutions were moved and seconded. 1. Resolved, I hat the, experience, acknw Icdged talents and geuuiue republican prii'ci plcs of John Quincy Adams, give him the first claim to the oflicc of President of the U. States. -• Resolved, That gratitude and honor are duo to General Jackson for his distinguished sen ices. 8. Resolved, That this meeting will use all honourable aud fair means to aid the view s of the committee :>t Fredericksburg for promoting the election of J. Q. Adams to the office of President of the United .States, and General Andrew Jackson to the office of Vice-President of the United States. _ ■!. Resolved, That the following gentlemen, viz: James II. Roy, John Patterson, C. Tomp kins, II. W. Tabb, Seth Shej hard, Huiiley Gayle, and John I). Jarvis, be appointed a coin, inittee to correspond with the committee at Fredericksburg. 5. Resolved, That a copy of these proceed ings be forwarded to the’ Chairman of th Frederrcksburg Adams committee and he pub lished in the Fredericksburg IJerald and Rich .mond Enquirer. 1IUNLEY GAYLE, Chairman. JAMES' U. ROY, Secretary. LvNCHflCBG, May 28. * Convention_Htt.'f^rd county. Agreeably to notice, the propriety of calling a Convention was publicly and "ably discUs&ed at Bedford court bouse on Monday last. Major Ptey opened the debate, opposing any change in ti'c constitution, as being at this time inex pedient, and was followed by Mr. Ed. Iniuo on the same side. Mr. Calohill, Months re plied lo the arguments of those gentlemen with great force and energy. The discussion was closed by Mr. P. R. Gilmer and Maj. William Cook, who were both opposed to the call of a Convention. A poll was then opened for the voters. By our last accounts from the court house, about 800 votes had been taken, of which a majority of about 14 wereiu favor of a Conven tion. jIic subjoined resolution 1ms been sent to ua for publication. It will be offered to tbe run siderution of tbe people of Bedford at tlieir June court. No objection can be made to this resolution ; for the last clause of it, guarantee ing to tbe people the right of rejecting or ac cepting such amendments as may be proposed by the Convention, ought to put to rest tbe fears of those who dread that tbe ancient order of things is to be subverted, and tliat we are to be left to the mercy of “ political schemers,” and “ French Jacobins.” The resolution follows: “Resolved, That the Representatives for this county be, and they are hereby requested to af ford tlieir aid and assistance to such measures as may be proposed, (not inconsistent with tbe pro sent Constitution) by the legislature at tlieir next session for amending (be constitution; pro -videuthe said amendments, bo proposed, be sub mitted to the consideration and approval of the people, ora majority of them, previous to their adoption.” * Virginian. From the “ JFashington County Post. NEW YORK-The last .Yeierfrom Albany we give as we receive it, leaving every one to attach to it what importanr.itP'Tio pleases. It is said Governor Yates, at the recent charter c lection, openly voted the Profile's lieliet; ami that, at the polls, he declared bis intention to call the Legislature together early enough, in the fall, for them to pass the electoral bill, which be should now streuously recommend, inasmuch as Congress have postponed all contemplated amendments of the constitution. MISSISSIPPI.—At a public meeting called for the purpose at the court house, in Natchez, a ballot for President was taken, which resulted as follows: For John Quincy Adams, 20d “ Aniuikw Jacksnn, ir,r» rl writer states that “ music being all on (lie Jackson side, attracted a number of boys and idle persons not entitled to votes.” It may be as well lo state, that the meeting was called by tbe friends of Gen. Jackson, they not being sat isfied with the vote taken at a former one, which had been called by the friends of Mr. Adams, and at whir b Air. si. was nominated. Tims is appears in both instances .Mr. Adams bore otf (he pahn—he getting the votes, and (Jen. Jack son the music. [Bull. Put. .'I Tteautlful Arabian.—Lt. Parker of the United States Navy, who arrived at New York, a few days since in the Constitution, brought with him from the Mediterranean a full-blooded ,‘Vrahinn colt, which lie obtained at Tripoli, as a present for Gen. liogardii", of New York, II e is the handsomest animal 'of the kind we haveever seen—age 22 months—1-1 hands high —proportions perfect—body of a mouse colour —legs black—star in his forehead, hair soft and glossy as silk—hoofs small and setni-transpareiit, Ifc is extremely docile and playful, the sailors having taught him on his passage to mIiii/cc h'uClx with them. Immediately after he was landed at Brookly n, a gentleman offered $500 for him, which was of course refused, as he was in tendril as a present. A filly of the same description is on her passage, and the two will doubtless be of use in improving the breed of our horses. [,V. V. Statranian. FOREIGN. FROM UN GLAND. New YoTtK, May i!7.—Thp Packet Ship William Thompson, Captain Crocker, arrived yesterday from Liverpool, from whence she sail ed on the Kith of April, to which date inclusive, the Editors of the Commercial Advertiser have received copious files of English pnpeis. It will he recollected that the Win. Thompson brings only one day later from Liverpool than was received by the .Afarguret, at Quebec. We have tins evening made a few selections; the most important of which, to our mercantile rea ders, is the motion of Mr. fluskisson, in the House of Commons, to authorize the bonded i wheat to be converted into flour. In the House of Commons on the f Jib of April, j Sir James Mackintosh presented a petition from : the London Missionary Society, complaining of the trial, proceeding and sentence against the late Rev. Mr. Smith, the missionary at Dcrna* | rara : it was read and ordered to he printed. The House of Commons on the Wth of April i voted £>00,000 for the building of new I churches. It is now positively asserted that Guehhnrd, the banker, lias taken the first Spanish loan of .50,000,000 francs, and on the first of April l,c was shortly expected at Madrid to contract for another loan of equal amount. Mr. Just ice Best is appointed Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. .1 merit an Stock*, on the 10(h April._Rank Shares. £J t 5. Three per cents, 00. Sixes 94 a 10J. rn anxe. The Minister of War has directed that the Spanish officer", prisoners of star m France, *h ml' rciii/n f<> Spain.