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DEMOCRACY, THE COJ)TSTITUTIOJ\r AMD STATE RIGHTS.
JUY l'l^liASANTS & BUTIJ5JI.] UlCUMOND, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, 'JULY 13. IS24. [Vol. I. No. 49. Ii:#-The COMTITVTMM.AI. Whio it published itetre a settle* (ruesdays amt Fridays'*') at Jive dol lars per annum* payable advance. J t *J>r a?>>trli?l,lg—$ft.1/ rents a square (or les.*) far the..first insert»>n, and .17 1-2 emit for curl, eon fmmritcc.—/'he number of insertions must he noted ** *m bt ”'*/‘w md 4/ .•hlicrii;-.,neats from the. country to he paid Jorsn advance, or assumed by same responsible indi vidual tn this place or Manchester aJhf .\cttcr* Editors must be post-paid, orlhcy wdl receive no attention. . ?23pls's ticket. FOR PRESIDE ST OF TIIK U. StATtd, JO i!.\ Q l. IX G \ A D A :M S of JLusrtch ttsrlls. FOR VICH-PRESIDENT, ROME TRIED &: APPROVED DEMOCRAT. ** Pbe p.'oplo of llift United States t\ie one great family—as long as tlic Union of the States holds, a citizen from on."* section, provided he ho honest, ra puble, ami fuithtul to the Constitution and the Peo ple, ou^ht to bo as acceptable tn the opposite sec tion, ns to the one which claims his birth or rest* detico.” WANTED—A situation in some Mercantile House, in the capacity of Clerk. Good qualifications arc possessed, and moderate com fumsatiou will satisfy. Apply to the editors. June 25 tsl l ■e:-!1!__'.—Wt . —— TESTIMONY AND DOCUMENTS ' ON THE JSF.MORL1L OF A7A7.1A* J2DJF.1RDS, [C.INTINUr.D.] Tas.vsuinr Department, 1 ZlhJune* 1021. In compliance with a request of tlie com mittee on the Address of Niuian Edwards, com municate! through Mr. Forsyth, the Secreta ry of the Treasury lias the honor to transmit the ’occompanying statements (No. 1, 2, and 3,) from the Treasurer, shewing, 1st. The balaucft of public moneys in the Bank of Steubenville, at the end- of every quarter, from the commencement of March, 1317, to the 31st of March, 1821, and continu ed to 7lh June, 1821. 2d. The same, in relation to the Bank of Tombecbc, from the commencement of March, 1818. 3.1. The aggregate of moneys deposited to the crc litof ttic Treasurer, and the balance re maining at his credit on the 7th June, 182-1, in each of the following- banks: Steubenville, Chi liocithe, Mississippi, To.nbecbcc, Missouri, Vin cennes, Edwardsvillo, Illinois, Franklin Bank of Columbus, Farmers’ and Mechanics’ Bank of Indiana, Branch Bank of Kentucky, at Louis ville, Planters ami Merchant’s Bank of Hunts ville, and Fanners’and Mechanics’ Bauk of Cin cinnati. The Secretary has the honor to stats that no payments have been made directly by'the Bank of Missouri since its failure. It is known, that, previously to the 23d of November last, $781 43, ha-1 been paid in specie by some of the par ties, whose debts had been assigned by it to the Treasury; and it is understood from the Presi dent of the Bank, that other sums have been paid in like manner—but the Receiver at St. Louis, who is employed by the Treasury ns its ageut in collecting the debt of that bank, has not yet reported them to tlie Secretary. Among the d;bts assigned to the Treasury was one of $10,030; and it appears, that, for the reasons, and under the circumstances stated in the ac-' companying papers (marked* A and 13.) tho A gent entered into our arrangement, by which $8000 in notes of the Treasury of the state of Missouri, (commonly called loan office paper,) were taken, at the rate of 75 cents to the dollar, in part payment of tim debt; and these notes the Secretary directed to be specially deposited in the Branch Bank of the United States at Louisville, to the credit of the Treasurer. It also appears, by the same papers, that there were, among the securities assigned by the Bank for the payment of its debt to the Treasury, $I5.00G in paper of this discription; of this Kiun, (together with another of $50, which he ap pears to have since received,) the agent at St. Louis, on his own judgment, subject tothcapprov al of the Secretary, exchanged $1,539 0 4, for certificates of the Auditor of Missouri, and $5000 for notes of the State Bank of Illinois, all which with the balance of the Loan Office paper, have been placed to the credit of tho Treasurer, as a special depositc iu the Branch Bank of the U. States at Louisville. The exchange is rep-c sentcl as advantageous to the United States, but has not been sagclioacd by the Secretary the Treasury. J Hon. Chairman of the Committee on the Address of Niuian Edwards. * .1. Extracts of a letter from George F. Strother to the Secretary of the Treasury', dated Hit. Louis, April 27, 1833. B. Extract of a letter from Thomas Sloo, to the Secretary of the Treasury dlted 23d Nor. 1823. No. 1. BANK OF STEUBENVILLE. Sbrtc.ncnt, shewing the balance of Fublic Mo-, ueys at theend ofevery quarter, from tlic com mencement of March, l317,to theJlst March, 1821, and continued to 7ih of June, 1021. 1017. March .71 June 30 Sept. 30 Dco’r 31 IG1S. March 31 June 30 Soph 30 Dec’r 31 1819. March 31 June 30 Sept. 30 Dec’r 31 1020. March 31 June 30 Sept. 30 Doo’r. 31 1821. March 31 June 30 ’Sept. 30 Doc’r 31 1822. Match 3! June 30 Sept. 30 Dec’r 31 7323. March 31 June 30 Sept. 30 Dec’r 31 1324. March 3! Juue 7 $3,200 *10,934 <59,277 80 107,277 8 107,277 80 81,075 15 51,(154 08 53,638 90 54,113 17 162,311 30 138,491 18 141,428 37 152,302 76 160,073 92 119,793 95 1 16,017 33 143,159 10 154,111 83 176,611 47 181.619 16 103,352 13 178,056 14 201,135 32 176,413 78 167.115 83 175,517 57 185.115 54 181,835 06 185,787 21 136,995 85 TU. T. TUCKER, jrx Treasurer of the United States. ot Tire U. Status, > •Tune 11, 1524. B ANK OF TOMBECKBE. Statement, shewing the balances of Public Mo ncys fit the end of every quarter, from the eoimm>nc«tnont of March, the 1st, 1U19 tc • the 31>t uf March, 1824, and eputinued to*7ll ^ «t Juno, 1824. March 31, 1019, June JO, September 30, December 31, Match 31, 1020, J une 30, September 30, December 31, March 31, 1021, June 30, September 30, December.!!, March 31, 1822, June 30, Scptemlrcr 30, December 31, March 31, 1023, June 30, September 30* . December 31, March 31, i024, June 7, 74,820 47 459,003 2G 613,874 10 300,033 03 390,433 17 320,053 50 210,759 93 215,911 02 229,929 09 207,404 10 215,528 67 207,569 91 391,801 03 212,863 48 287,084 48 273, 30 90 274,698 37 203,780 74 378,012 98 428,585 52 453,089 92 319,597 41 Tlf. T. TUCKER, Treasurer of the United Stales. Treasury of toe U. States, ) June 11, 1824. $ No. 3. A Statement, shewing the aggregate of moneys de posited to the credit of the Treasurer of the Uni ted States in the following Banks, add the bal ance remaining in each of the said Banks on the 7th of June, 1820. Banks. Aggregate received. Balance. Stubcnville, Chil'.icothc, Franklin, Columbus, Fanners & Media nil’s’ Indiana, Branch, Kcnt’y, Louis ville, Mississippi, Tombcckbc, Plant’s. Si Merchants’, Huntsville, Missouri, Vincennes, Edwardsvillc, Farm’s. Si Merchants',! Cincinnati, Illinois, 633,009 56 26G.101 04 336,080 06 599,070 16 132231 61 313,780 01 2,023,360 85 106,995 85 No balance. 53,936 68 25,77; G71,700 02 1,074,301 04 294 J 23 77 201,338 90 No balance 7,004 3*1 319,597 41 45,167 11 159,963 81 168,511 6< 46,O'M 20,213 01 54,311 6i 50,795 25 188,980 36 TIL T. TUCKER, Treasurer of the United State: Treasury of tiik U. States, June 11, 1824. 1 [a] Extract of a teller from.George F. Strother to the Secretary of the Treasury, dated “St. Louis, April27, 1023. “ Sir : Among the debts transferred to the United States by t!ie Missouri Bank was one of 10,000 dollars upon Wilsou P. Hunt. This debt was secured by mortgage, but the land pledged to secure the payment had been previ ously mortgaged to Mr. Astor of New York, for 10,000 dollars, upon which was due eight or nine ycats interest. When this note was pro posed to be transferred, the debt was desperate, as the land would not bring more than 10,000 dollars, and the debt was considered nominal until Mr. Hunt stated that, by mortgaging the land to a friend, if rcleivcd from the bank in cumbrance, he could procure 5,000 dollars, with which he could purchase a sufficient sum of money, to purchase the amount of the bank debt in loan office paper. Upon reflection, it tvas determined to receive loan ofliccc paper in payment of his debt, in loan office paper at 25 per cent, discount. Mr. Hunt on that day, & frequently, expressed to me a great desire to change this debt, and expressed a wish that, if I should see any for sale, to send it to him. In February last, he paid Mr. Barton 1,300 dol lars. “ Considering the debt in some peril, my wish was to have it placed uponasure footing. Three or four weeks since, a gentleman applied to me to procure a loan of money. I informed him that I had none, but that if he would give ample security to return the loan office paper when wanted, I would put him upon the plan to secure it; that Mr. Hunt wished to discharge a debt due the government, in loan office paper, and if he would give his note, with sufficient security, topay the United States 5,000 dollars in loan office paper, with G per cent, interest, upon de mand, that Mr. Hunt would give him in money the selling price, amounting to 2,250 dollars. My object was to accommodate two deserving meritorious men, and serve the government by placing the debt upon a secure fooling. The whole arrangement I communicated°to Mr. Hunt, and told him I should communicate the transaction to you. He considered it a fair and advantageous arrangement for the government.’ P>] Extract nf a Teller from Thomas Sloo to the Secretary of the Treasury. Sr. Louis, 23 d Nov. 1023. Sir : Agreeable to your request of the 24th I August last, I called onGowjc F. Strother, Esq. on the I Oth inst. to exhibit to me the evi dences of transfers, received by him from the Bank of Missouri collateral security for the pub nc money in its possession, at the time of its fai iHre» Not having' received the last mentioned in jour letter, I requested Col. Strother to fur nish me with one, a copy of which is herewith transmitted ; and with which the evidences of debt generally agree. In some cases, however ; they exceed, and in others they fall short of the | amount stated in the list. The former is owing 3o credits which the parties are entitled to, that have not been entered on their notes ; the latter arises lro:n interest duo on stock notes, accounts of which were to have been furnished by the Bank, as appears from a memorandum of the President, »:? the h;m<N of M>. Strother, an*! winch he informs me, has been repeatedly called for without effect- Amount received by Me. Strother, as will appear from notes of pavmcnt on the 1st, is $731 13 in specie, and $;>0 in loan office money. The only case in which the evidence of debt has been at all charged, is that of H ilson P. Hunt, who appears to have owed at the time of tranfer #10,030, secured by mort gage on a tract of I.m i in the neighborhood of St. Louis, that had been precisely mortgaged to John Jacob Astor, of New York, for $10,Odd. Eucb was the uncertainty of this claim, that the Bank agreed to receive the amount in loan of fice pa;>er, when it was worth only twenty-five cents in the dollar, as I am informed by Mr. Strother. At present the debt of Hunt apoears to stand thus : Owht transferred C' .a .i3r) 09 Offset claim^B 10 3 00 ' Amount received by Josh ua Barton, Esq. as per his receipt in the hands of Mr. Strother, in loan „ officc, 1,060 07 Hunt’s uote in hands of Strother, 3,333 33 Amount secured by con veyance of the Missouri Hotel to George F. Strother, (in trust) to bo paid in loan office mon • ey, at any time the Go vernment may requiro H, with 6 per qent. in terest, 6,000 00 From eveiyf information which I have been enabled to obtain iu relation to Ibis debt I be leive the change to have been a favorable one, inasmuch as 1 doom tire security for the pay ment of the £6,090 as amply sufficient, and you now hold for the payment of the balance due by Hunt, the same security, which was held for the payment of the whole debt transferred. I have received from Air. Strother in Aljssou riloau office money g5,435 50 Auditor's warrants 4,533 64 Illinois State Bank paper 5,000 00 Received by Mr. Strother in Mis- ' souri Loan office inonc^'— From Fr. Bank 8,000 “ Branch c’sOG “ P. Dctchcmcndy 50 . , . . --15,006 00 1 have received this paper from Mr. Strother, considering' it equal to the whole amount in Loan office money—The loan office paper bears an interest of 3 per cent, per annum, the au ditor’s warrants an interest of6 per cent, per annum, and the Illinois paper 2 per cent, and as to the warrants no difficulty can arise, in re gard to the constitutionality of the issue. Mr. Strother informs me that it was his wish to have exchanged the whole amount of Lpan office money for auditor’s warrants, by which ar rangement the interest would have been in creased 3 per cent, and the debts rendered e ventually more certain. Should this transacti on not be considered as entirely satisfactory, Mr. Strother has assured me, that be will make good the amount in loan office monej, by re deeming the auditor’s warrants and Illinois pa per. The amount received I shall depositc as directed to the Branch of the United States Bank at Louisville, Kentucky, in the early part of next month. You will herewith receive the act of (he Slate of Missouri, establishing loan offices—I thought it unnecessary to incur the expense of obtaining an exemplification from the office of the Score” tary of State, presuming that you wished it for your own satisfaction, and not to exhibit in a court of justice. Mr. Strother* informed mo that be had brought all the suits commenced on the debts transferred by the Bank of Missouri in the state courts, in consequence of doubts having arisen of the Bank’s being chartered, for want of the signature of the Governor. The Supreme Court of the State, however, pronounced it chartered. Department or war, ‘ June 15, 1824. Sin: > our letter of the 14th instant is receiv ed, enclosing a note of the lion. Mr. Forsyth, expressive of his wish to have “a copy of Mr. Edwards’s letter to the War Department, re monstrating against, or complaining of, an or der which prevented the receiving of the Ed wardsvillc Bank notes* in payment to the troops of the United States, written in or after 1810, and any other letters on the subject of the Bank of Edwardsville from Mr. Edwards;” and, in an swer thereto, I have the honor to transmit a co py of a letter from Mr. Edwards to this Depart ment, dated 11th June,. 1819, which the Clerk charged with the files of letters received by the Department in relation to that subject. In addition to my own files, 1 directed the files of the Pay Master General’s Office to be examined, and herewith transmit a copy of a re port from that office containing a copy of a let ter from Mr. Edwards to the Pay Master Gene ral, of the same tenor and dale as the one ad dressed by him to this office, which it will be seen by the report from that office, is the only letter in relation to the subject on its files. 1 have the honor to be, your obedient servant, J. C. CALHOUN. Hon. Edward Livingston, of the Committee of Investigation on tbe memorial of Hon. N. Edwards. Edtoardrmlfe, 111 i. June 11, If) 10. Dear Sir: I beg to infoitn you that tbe Pa} Master of tbe United States’ troops, (Major Hall, now at St. Louis) is, by an order, (to which I hardly think you have crer given vour approbation,) required to pay those troops in specie, U. S. Bank notes, or the notes of tbe Bank of Missouri, in which latter, it is under stood, those troops arc generally, if not exclu sively paid. I am sure I need not remark to you, that such a preference of a little, petty hank of a territory, over all the respectable banks of the Western States, enabling it exclusively to circulate its notes at tbe distant prints to tvliicli the troops are destined, connol fail to be very objectionable to those states, even if such a distinction were not unjust in itself. I have the honor, Sic.. N INI AN EDWARDS. The Hon. Sr.c’y. of War. P.AVMA'wrn. Genehai.’s Orricr., > City nf Washington, June 15Ih, 182-1. \ Sir: I have tho honor to enclose, in obedience to your directions, a copy of a letter from the Ffon. Ninian Edwards to the Paymaster Gene ral, dated “Edwardsville, Illinois, June II, 1819,11 in relation to payments said to ive been made, by order of the Paymaster General, to the troops in that part of the country, “in spe cie, United States1 Hank Notes, or Notes of the Hank of Missouri,11 fin. Sic.: being the only let ter found on the iiles of this office upon that sub ject. I am, very respectfully, sir, your most obd’t. NATIPL, FRYE, Jr. Chief Clerk. To the ITon. John C. Cat.houw, Secretary of War. Edwardsville, Ilii. June 11, 1819. Tdcar Sir: I think it my duty to apprize you i that Major Hall, tho Paymaster of the U. 8. troops is, and has been for some timepasl, acting under an order (which I am convinced you ne ver authorized,) rerjui-in^ him to pay those troops in specie, IJ. 8. Rank notes, or notes of tho Rink of Missouri, in which latter it is un derstood that they aro generally, if not exclu . sivcly paid. i Considering lb a remote poivs at wbicb t’oo*c troops are declined to be stationed, tha advan ajes which the present arrangement must af lord to the Bank of Missouri, by enabling it to •ssuc and circulate a great amount of its notes without danger of their returning upon it for payment, are not less obvious than'such apre ^~nc® °f a petty bank of a Territory, , c.r aH l,|c respectable banks of tho w estern states would bo odious to those slates. More, I subject** ** canno*- ^e necessary to say on the I have the Vonor to he, very respectfully, sir, ) our most obt. serv. T, n NINIAN EDWARDS, ihe P.tVM.tRTF.il Gknkru. «^f the Army U. S. Washington City. A Uai of Drofts drown by tiro Trcoioror of the U .. drafts. Ko. 9167 91 JJ(i 9181 Mil 9*212 9211 9-250 9263 9261 9286 9.10*) 9.17.1 9.177 9378 9.185 9115 9-120 9123 9433 9142 9 *46 9163 9*75 9180 8494 9531 9537 9557 9508 9571 9573 9581 958*2 9584 9585 9586 9587 9.588 9617 9629 9618 9651 9663 9665 97*5 9719 9757 9758 9759 9760 9761 9827 9837 9857 9058 9859 9860 9861 9862 9863 9868 9899 9900 9901 9901 9915 9916 9917 9918 9939 9952 99G2 9974 9975 9997 10000 9 28 9630 37 41 46 6*2 89 10 J 105 107 106 113 130 135 136 1*5 146 169 177 193 195 216 217 262 263 267 286 291 292 295 305 335 351 363 4**6 438 430 498 501 509 538 538 597 612 616 617 610 680 685 736 771 803 804 835 OOL1.AUS. 1,170 86 5.000 10,000 210 remarks. 250 25.000 43 30.000 258 60 10.000 IDG 300 250 125 20R 20G 300 250 16 712 13 46 33.000 35 48 1,000 100 1,002 05 250 200 2,000 6,000 36,541 300 300 300 1 or. 18,530 10 250 5**0 50.000 160,000 3.000 V 752 51 120 20.000 300 25 50 500 250 125 3**0 300 10 21,775 79 14.000 40,156 29,844 25.000 20.000 1,175 42.000 24,887 81 20.000 200 500 125 300 300 250 500 I, 214 48 39.000 2.000 101 67 128 60 10.000 62 5*20 53 84 79 2,482 80 10 50 48 500 10,391 2,316 9 2 250 500 300 300 125 6*2 50 4.000 2.000 27,846 91 6,139 50 193 500 992 28 15.000 ' 2* >,**00 433 70 250 125 18 i 500 300 300 , 1,631 300 62 50 II, 760 243 34.000 50O 125 11,500 11,380 867 10.000 43 50 0,000 i$oo 1,500 24 82 1.000 0,000 598 737 50 417 631 40 '/Yunsferrcd to the IT. Smtcs Brooch Ilk. at Washington. Da. Do. Go. <)o. «1o. do. Do. Do. Do. r»0 do. do. do. do. do. do. Do. do. do. Do. do. do. Do. do. do. Do. to the Bank of the U. S. Do. U. S. Br. Bk. at Wash'n. Do. IT. S. Br. Bk. Louisville. Do. Bank of Tennessee. Do. Bank of Nashville. Do. Bank of G’hillicothe. Do. L\ S. Br. Bk. at Wash’n, Do. do. do. Do. do, do. r.: 53 ) Transferrer S Br. Bk. at cd to the IT. f Washington. TV>r.s.| 914,337 17} 7’ho<»'> drafts, oppoc'.r, io which no T-crr.atM are tnstd**, v/prc drawn in favor of individuals for ihc payment of warrants. I’aymrnts to individual* Dr. 4n-2^PT5 *»" j rnmferred to tli&ront banlts 481,94.) GC I |'*1 4.337 Y ' / < of th<* Unit :d .•'tafrs, .T>ir, • 71, lttil. ! TtK>. T. T17CJ|KB, T. IV a* to CrditforJ's r^munkaHon (o in* (Jowmnitt**. yin? ,i} Mr. CraivfonlS communication Z"TZ “ "r0,h “"• *«wcct u»t , ,*■1 Jj,,:aud notice* m the order in •.rincJ, Lr Ins presented ir. is, his attempt to tree himself from the imputation of tun ing taken ad vantage “of ttie moment of my departure, to arraigu the testimony which hud been given by me before a former select committee of the House.” In this, however, he does not pr*-t :nd to deny any of the foots upon which that irnpu was Plicated, and. consequently, mar be fairly considered as admitting them. For seeing how ready he has been to advert to, ami dilate upon, other minute and unimportant par I ticiilars, he would hardly have been silent in regard to the circumstances which I had relied on to prove Uiat lie must have been apprized -of ins intended departure, bad lie not been consci* our oftheir truth. . Laboring, ns he lias done in his communica tion, to prove that no such letter as hncorc 1 saw the llcccivcr at Edwanlsville write, could linte been written, and that no such directions to continue tbo deposites, as those mentioned m my testimony, had ever been given, it cun ito longer l>e doubled by any one that the ob ject ol bis report was to impeach my credibil* ity. As nothing could justify so serious an insinu ation upon light and ii/volous grounds, he ought not to have made it without the most thorough conviction tint it was well founded; and, bemg so convinced, if he felt it his duty to allege it all, it should have been done in distinct, unambigu °us, and intelligible terms. Making it in a doubtful and equivocal maimer, shews a dispo sition to indict the injury, and, at the same lime, to secure a retreat from a just responsibil ity for it. His delay would, under any circum stances, render his motives suspicious. Under the particular circumstances of this case, it af fords the strongest presumption that lie intend ed to take advantage of my absence. The facts which he now affects to question, 1 had asserted to himself two years, and, with his knowledge, had sworn to them more than one year, before he thought proper to indicate the slightest doubt of their truth. How, then, is his silence on the subject, during the whole of this period,, to be accounted for? Can any one, who knows his disposition towards me, believe that lie would have delayed this imputation a moment if he had rouuir'ru «wuiu nave sustained it m a fair and honorable contest? His having so long for borne to make it, when he knew I could have had an opportunity to defend myself, affords reasonable ground to believe that lie would not have made it at all if he had not supposed I had actually lost that opportunity by having taken my departure fora foreign country. Wliy did he not question any of the facts to which 1 had depqscd, in his letter of February, 1323, which he addressed to the chairman of the select com mittc alluded to, eleven days after my cxainh nation? - II ad lie really believed that I had not sworn truly, there was then a most suitable oc casion for making his present statement, and his conduct being then under investigation, there would have been every motive for making and none for withholding, it. But, this was not the only opportunity he let pass by unimproved. On the 27th February, 1823, he made a partial repwrt to the House, in obedience to the very resolution of the 3th May, 13-22, of which he availed himself to make his recent attack upon me. This he might with as much propriety have done on the former as on the latter occasion. According to his own view of the subject, the letter in question, being from a Receiver of Public Money, was not embraced by “a call only for the correspondence between certain banks and the Treasury,” and* of course, il “no such letter was called for,” his official duty did not require him to make any refer ence whatever to it. His communication on that subject was, therefore, wholly gratuitous, and might just as well have been made without any resolution of the House as under one that bad no relation to it. But, even supposing it to be otherwise, it is certainly a poor excuse for his not having transmitted the information call ed for on the Oth May, 1023, before tho 22d March, 1024, (hat he could not get the corres pondence copied sooner, when, from the swarm of applicants for employment, competent to this business, with which the city constantly a bounds, it cannot be doubted that he might, at any time, have had the whole of the correspon dence copied in less than one month. From the very nature of it, many hands might have been employed on it at the same time; ami with ; a call so imperative, and his own plighted word afterwards, that lie would have the correspon dence “prepared and transmitted to the House nt the commencement of the last session of Con gress,” he should not have felt himself at liberty to lave made a profitable job of this business in favor of any individual, so far as to have delay ed it till the 22d March last. inn i snan not concjuuc tins replication, without exhibiting still greater difficulties to overcome, before he can successfully exempt himself from the suspicion of having-contempla ted some advantages by postponing his attack to ‘-the moment of my departure.” At prese.-.t I will proceed to a brief examination of some of tl»e new grounds, and arguments thereupon, by which lie has elaborately endeavored to prot o ino guilty of perjury. In meeting him upon this accusation, I must protest against the deytrous use he makes of (he same facts to establish directly opposite conclusions in hi~. favor. I am perfectlv wil ling to yield him one side of the argument* and, have no right to object to bis taking choice, but more than this it would he unreasonable in him to ask, and imprudent iu me to concede. lie attempts to infer, that “my publication, announcing my intention of withdrawing from the directorship of the Hank of Edwardsville,” as mentioned in my “oath,” could not have been communicated to ism by tlje Receiver at r.dwardsvillc, and even that it could not bava existed, because it was not referred to in the letter of the Pcocrvcr at Ka^kaskia, of the 18th ; September, 11119, who, if it had existed, tvax I ■bound by the Secretary’s insfrtictior.s to com I municate it,” as “a circumstance allcCting (he | character of the Bank of IvlwardsvlHe^ariJ yet ! he contends, “that even if both the cominnni | cations (my publication, and the letter in ques tion.) alleged, had actually been made, there was nothing in the fa* l for the Secretary to con ceal. Mr. Edwards Ivas staled, on oath, his opinion, that, m the fall of P>19, the flank of F.dwardsvillc was in as good a condition * any hank in which the public moneys were deposi ted, and if so, nrhaf r.ece- ity was there for the Secretary to discontinue the deposites?” Now, if the latter he true, there was surds “nothing in the fart” of my publication havino been made, which the Receiver at Kadraski; . was bound, by the Score ; c instructions, t< | communicate.” On the other hand, if thtr< | wn« any thing “in the fa< t,” wh’frh the Recciv •ci'v.is bound .tot fto?nm»t*Jicafh. srwilog t< those instructions, it must have been something' ol ihuifpr in continuing- the depositor. It must bo evident, therefore, eitlier that the silence of this Receiver, as to inv publication, is no evi dence against its existence, or that it cobtained something “to conceal,** or. at least, to render the propriety of continuing' the deposiies some what qiicstiouahlc. 1 he trull), however, is, lhaTl have no where •_on(endcd that the Receiver’s letter rendered it . **• Crawford’s duty to discontinue the depo sited, and the avowal of such an opinion is most erroneously imputed to me. in direct opposition to the explanation I have given, and my de clared objects in referring to that leTfer. Nei ther in in) publication of I HIP, avowing niy in tention of retiring from the bank, nor in rt'v correspondence with him in February, !th>y, nor in m v late communication to the I louse of Representatives, of the tith April last, is any such idea suggested. lu fact, owing to the re sponsibility, which I thought I hail imposed up on myself, by recommending the bank as a de pository of public money, I did net think inv, self at liberty to retire from it, until I had seen it through all the difficulties, and embarrass ments, with which I found it struggling on my return from Congress, shortly after it had been authorized ~ receive the pti I die money. rJ hose difficulties hav ing been overcome, and the time arrived when I thoifght I could, with propriety, announce my intention of resignh g, I made the publication which lias been submitted to the committee; in which, after explicitly stating that “I was convinced if [the bank] ctnild haVe nothing to fear from a comparison of its situation [as to solvency] with that of any other bank m the Uuiled Stales,” I add, “notwithstanding I do verily believe, that neither the Government nor any- individual is in danger of being inten tionally imposed upon by the bank, so lour us if. continues under the control of its present direc tors, yet, intending to be absent from the slate, and considering the disastrous pressure of the preaeut times, the hostility which the bank ban to encounter; and, particularly’, the opposition of gcutlemcn in this state, high in office, who have been extremely anxious to get other banks into operation, with the aid of “foreign capital,” as it is termed, 1 have determined to resign un seat in the directory, and to withdraw from all future responsibility, of any kind whatever, in relation to this, or any other hank, without ma king any further unsupported effort to retain any portion of the public deposites in this state; leaving it to the dirt-dors to maintain their cred it by their own good conduct, and to the Secre tary of the Treasury to judge for himself, upon the returns he requires, how tar it may be pru dent to trust them.” Although I^believed at tlif* lime. tint one oC Ibe papers in which my publication appeared was regularly sent to Mr. < raw ford, yet, i en closed to him a paper coi ta iling it; and that bo might have as perfect control over the subject as possible. I prevailed upon Col. Benjamin Ste phenson, the Receiver, nod tho President of (ho hank, who apprehended that ill consequences would result from my withdrawing from it, to write to the Secretary of the Treasury on the subject, and enclose to him one of my publica tions also: and I advised him, (tbe Receiver) iu the mean time to withhold the deposited, uutil he could receive further orders from the Secrla ry. In iny correspondence with i\Ir. Crawford, in February, 1822, which is exhibited by himself, referring toiny publication, and the situation of the bank at that time, I say in one of my lelteir, “this publication was contained iu the St. Louis Enquirer, which I supposed you took at the time; it was also contained in a paper which I forwarded to you myself, and it was eucloscd, re ferred to, and commented upon, iu a letter of the President of the bank to you.” In the other letter I say, “that I was the cause of the depo site being made there, in the first instance, I freely admit; but, that I unequivocally declared, that I would not be held responsible for that, or any other bank, in any way whatever, after the fall of 1810; that you were twlijicd thereof in due. time-, that the deposites have not been continu ed there, in consequence of my recommendation, since that period ; and that the hunk was then in a good situation, I may, I think, according to my present impressions, fairly insist on. In my oath, before the select committee, on the !3th Feb. 1823, which Mr. Crawford has thought proper to impeach, after having testifi ed toCpl. Stephenson’s having written thcJeltcr in question, and enclosed my publication, kc. I add, “The bank continued to pay specie, not withstanding the pressure, and in the Fall of that year, I expect, was in as good a situu/io?> as any bunk in which (he public money teas (ten Jt posiled. In inj- late communication to the TTotiso r.f Representatives, of the Gilt April last, t tlol on ly ro-nssnrt the. same facts substantially, in re gard to the situation of the hank, but, by its monthly return for Tsov. 1C10, have, unques tionably, proved them true to the fullest ex tent. And J expressly state in that communica tion, that, even “at the time of its failure, its resources were, I am well satisfied, more then amply sufficient to have secured its debt to the Government.” It is, therefore, inconceivable to me, upon wdiat ground it has been assumed that, in reft r ring to the Receiver's letter, rnj- object was “(o charge the Secretary with continuing the tlr posites, after he ought to have been alarmed fer their safety,” especially, while ,• is admitted that I spoke ‘‘in the most decided terras of the solvency and safety of the bank,”at the time the letter was written. It is true. I cannotconsider it very prudent management in Mr. Crawford, to have continu ed it a depository of public money, after ho had, a-- he 'ays him elf, “reason to apprehend. a trout of punctuality, or troodfaith < n part,'1'1 espe cially, without enforcing a compliance with its stipulation to make those returns, which h* con sidered necessary to ensure the fidelity r.f ail the bank* that were made depositories of the pub ic money. The former is acknowledged iu hi. communication to the committee, page 1R; ti e latter appears by his letter to the President oftheHaokof I 'dwardsvillo, of the 10th IS'ov. 1821; in which be slat* that “no statement of tlic accounts between the IJ«nk <f F.dward: ville, and the Treasurer of the United ,‘datt , has been rendered lw this Department, since that of the dtst January last.” [See document MO, part 2, page But, whatever may be n.v opinion of hi* nb scqugnt careless management iu regard to this as well as other Western banks, I certainly ne ver intended to refer to the letter In question for I the purpose «f star • Vrg that there existed* rt tluit time, any such a slate of things, as ren dered it necessary to withdraw flic deposits** from that bank. But, as rr.y having been a di rector thereof, at the time it was authorized to , j receive the public money, might hare bad it? in «| tljoT'ce with iVIr. Crawford, in selecting it for * that purpose, 1 deernpd it. important to give him .' tl'ndy notice of mr intention to resign, and to