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t'«s federal constitution which we Have
'-itod, oil otir uncorroborated authority. riie odebratod papers pnder the signature of ‘The ‘Federalist,* published during the dis cissions which existed as to tho propriety of its adoption, were written by three statesmen among the most eminent for profound wisdom pnd exalted genius, who have ever attained the pilings of any age or country. Two of tii' n, •Messrs. IVfadison and Hamilton, assisted m tlrc fornl.lMon, and their signatures are affixed to it; the tin.'*!, Mr. Jay. whose ru.me alone is a host, and who •dill live-,, like the v< m table Visitor, to hies< hist* ' mi-1! :» s »ge <•. an sds of lib experience, a most profourtM ^"ditician and learned lawyer, pix*fer. e.l i.v (J>n. ii~ • S i tyi as the first Chief' of the Unih States, was intimately connected with those . framed it. T heir c ue.nporapy e.x;- .. has; ever been co;i-,i lore I of conclusive aulli ti- . lm» ; ev„ry question which has arisen in relation to ! its true construction. “The forty-eighth number of this work hears ■ directly on this q ioslio.t when it -,t%s, ‘But as a | majority of the votes iu:ght not always lumpen,! to centre in one nun, an ! is it might be unsafe 1 to permit less Hun a majority to be conclusive, j it is provided tuat in such case the i louse of Representatives shall select out of the canJr- i dates who shall have the tive* highest ntim'iera of Votes, the man who in their opinions mm/ I best qualified.1 It therefore appears that the great men who composed these papers, suppos ed that according to llie true intent and mean ing of the constitution, the expression of an •electoral vole in favour of any candidate ions not cotudnsio/•, unless lie had also a majority of the. sohote number of electors appointed, but that in such mm, the House of Representatives had a sound discretion to select that candidate from a certain number cf the highest who, in their opinion, might hr best <pt-.ilifi.eil, 'Vhey never >■ imagined with the mooting at Trenton, that the House ol Representatives was hound to consider the clause ol the, constitution uiMer considera tion, as a dead fetter, or loou/rl hetray their trust if they did not vote for the candidate who had received a mere plurality of votes. This dis covery has been reserve } to designate the supe rior discernment of that meeting." “They ask you to vole for General Jackson, because a plurality of the Electors of the Uni ted Stales, and because the Electors of this stale, have before voted for him, and on Dial ground deny the freedom of your choice which they would confine to him. We say you are not so bound. \\ c insist that you.possess a co-ordi nate power, unconnccte I with the Electors, de rivable fro n the constitution alone, and for the exercise of which, you are responsible only to Goi, and your own consciences. ire contend that you are only limited In vole for ono of the three highest; but whether for General Jackson, Mr. Adams or Mr. Crawford, ought to be.docid* od by your judgment, which is ktd qualified for that office. 11 c a ,!c you (o discountenance, we will nut sa\ a false construction, but an absolute abrogation of the Constitution, by confining yourselves to out, when by the express terms of that charter you are authorized to choose among t'tree. But while we contend against the un founded doctrines of our opponents, destructive of a most important feature of the federal con stitution, and of the just dignity an I prosper au tuority of the house of rei»resenta!i*’oc, which the people arc greatly intosi-sted to preserve. 1f~n arc willing to a i n 't tint, in. those ca-cs, where it is practicable to ascertain, with any reasonable degree of certainty, the sentiments of any considerable majority of the iohi'c peo ple, that it is entitled to the most respectful con sideration: but this is obviously very difficult, if not totally impracticable in the pesent case. No j candid man, of real information or sound judg ment, will pretend that General Jackson, tor whom this majority has been claimed by bis san guine partizans, really lias a majority of the wludo people of the United States favourable to his election as President. At the late election, he had bill eight states whose electors united in him, which constitute but onethird oflhe whole of the 8'ates, and in all these with large minorities of the people notoriously preferring other catili dates. In another State ( Maryland) where he has seven out of eleven electoral votes, and Mr. j Adams hut three, the election having been held by districts, in the aggregate number of] votes there was a plurality for Mr. Adams._ In Illinois, General J. has but 2, and in Louisiana but 3 votes. In 13 states, including New-York, be has but a solitary vote; and in the whole of the United States but 99, or a little more Ilian one third out o(2i>1 electors, and iu several of the states apparently favorable to him, particu larly in New-Jersey and Pennsylvania, hardly one third of the voters appeared at the polls. Under these circumstances, it is absurd to sav that he has a majority of the votes of the whole people in his favour. The truth is, that it is obvious to a degree of certainty approaching to mathematical demonstration, that the friends of Messrs. AJums, Crawford and CLv\ had, at the recent elections, a large majority of the people oi the United States in their Javour on an united or aggregate calculation. Now in what manner any one citnditlnle would divide the wh ile people of the United Slates, when contrasted with any other candidate, depends exclusively on the en quiry how the immense bodies of people in favour of the others would divide between the two first. An enquiry utterly susceptible of a certain solution at this lime, and can onlv be tested by the event.” * Three by the twelfth amendment. Ntw-York.—The Legislature of this State as sembled at Albany on the 4th in-t being the fourth session of the Legislative body within twelve months. They commenced tlirlr proceedings by a change of their old officers. Richard Goodcll, the late Speaker, being succeeded by Clarkson Crnling, a member from the city of JVew-Ynrk, and no ac tive opponent of the late governing party; and the old Clerk, Mr. f.ovingston, giving place to Mr. Ilo , ratio Merchant, whose politics conform to the pre sent order of things in New-York. Tlte great un animity with which these changes were made, proves the decided preeminence of the Clintonian party in the Assembly. Governor Clinton's Message is a brilliant docu ment; and in reading it, one cannot refrain from regretting that the political integrity of iu author has not corresponded with the eminent talents with which nature has gifted him. But, however Gov. Clinton may have deviated from the party princi ples with which he set out, the Message before us breathes the most ardent attachment to republi canism, as a mode of goreri tnriif, and the utmost devotion to our own particular in.titotions. This seems to be the era of p h'ical amnesty, and we see no reason why Dewitt Clinton should i,„t |,e for given hi- political sins,in common with matfy other distinguish: d men. whoe- present high standing with the Republic.in p-nty is oi ly equalled by the low repute in wltn h they were once held. In lefe.enre to the Presidential election, and the policy of changing the Electoral law of jVew-York, the clamor about which was tin immediate cause of his recent unexpected elevation, Gov. Clinton uses the following language: “In 1820, while administering1 Die tcovern Tncnt, I solicited tho attention of the lesrMntttro to the importance of pi--ingfa law. by which the reople could exercise limp snfl jr, the choice o: rieclnrs of Preside !i' art' Vice P <si- ‘ ticrP or tho United States. The whole bod- of •vents connected with this subject pe tk in ad monitory iftujfuae®, and demonstrate f bat *he i enaction of such a law is anxiously desired bv I the ;>cop:e, and that i‘ is en-,fined bv a just ro | ffo.1! for th. ir rights, and by tbo dictates of t ue 1 policy WhdoeVer P-e people can enjoy the | direct exercise of power themselves, no inter mediate bodies should be interposed; and an un necessary resort to delegated authority too fre qnontly leads to .in abuse of p. '-ver, a prostration ofpm^.ple, a,id a total disregard to the public "ill. It is sincerely to bo desireo that the con stitution of the United Slates could be so alter, ed, as to provide for an uniform inode ofcboosin» I *',ector» throughout the union. In such case the system by dislricts would uo doubt be most ,u. icious. Itul while the mode is not uniform, sound policy seems to require that the choice should be loft to the, people by a general ticket, and in the most simple and popular shniic._ the right-of suffrage is generally dii!\»,ed, Who exercise the elective franchise > ote bv a . •merai ticket, and the grefttbst or •\rio-t mvnbi r '•s’idifutos an election, |iower *s hr.. ht to Hi. ’ iry the most gratifying e.iivl nn< \ \ ‘ ’ able , i.inner. Ever since fhe political existone. n--uiti l! our elections lit-,.' heen conducted the | .oi . -de of the highest number of votes in Ui' whole state, for <5 over nor and Lieutenant (governor; •** distiicls, fur senators anti nviresoniatives in coil xva; in i *;ulies fur memhors «' cnbly, and now 4 *• sliet iffs and clerks; and in town-, forsuperyiv.ru, assessors. clerics, collectors and en-' j dev and inconvenience-tns resulted. I th -efo earncsfly snd respcctDrlly recoin nend the pas sing of a la v, committing the choice of electors to the people by a general ticket, and by the greatest number of votes, as a proceeding re quired bv the sevoreign authority of fiie state, an 1 bv every consideration which ought to gov ern the conduct of its legislature. T’he statute recentJ^_u^j,Spd. inhiniUiiuj llu* miiilojvf elr-:->-i tw-ine sense of the community at the next annu al election, does not interfere essentially with this measure: and if it did, it ought not to*retard or prevent its immediate consummation The voice of the people on this subject has been au dibly expressed: and it was certain)v-a work of supererogation to resort to this process, the ten dency of which will be to perplex a question sufficiently plain and universally understood, to postpone a due atonement to the violated ma jesty of the people, and to exclude you frBin the merit of performing this great duty.” On the subject nf Education, the Message gives us the following judicious reflections, and valuable information: iCin thus improving our social institutions, it ls pleasing to contemplate their benign influ ence on individual happiness and general pros perity-; an.! to feel assured that a republican government may he transmitted, in full purity and vigor, to the remotest period of time. Even the troubled democracies of Greece and Italv, with all their deprecated vices, were preferable to the hateful tyrannies that surrounded them. The former were sometimes relieved by enno bling virtues; but the latter were always en gulphed in hopeless debasement. Now that the representative system is well understood, and its capacity to unite liberty and power bv federal combinations has been successfully tried, it will be our own faint it itsduration prove not as permanent as its blessings are inestimable. In all governments, whether republican or monarchical, free or despotic, cupidity and am bition wili address themselves to the sovereign authority for gratification. In free stales, these applications will of course he made to the peo ple, who confer cither directly or indirectly, the honors and emoluments of otlice; and hence the excitements which arise from the operation of these passions, as well as from real differences of opinion. But with all these evils, republics s'iil exhibit a decided superiority. Their agi tations and attendant mischiefs a re more diffused, an I more feeble: and the people who feel their influence, have, generally speaking, no induce ment to act wrong. It is their interest, as well as ttieir duty, to select meritorious officers, and to establish a wholesome administration. The vot faction, intriguo, falsehoo d dissimula tion and corruption, are rendered more intense ly profligate by their concentration round the person oftbe monarch. His interest, and that of his favourites, too often becomes distinct from that of the community, and the general welfare is merged in personal gratifications. A repub lican government is certainly most congenial with the nature, most propitious to the welfare, and most conducive to the dignity of our spe cies. Man becomes degraded in proportion as ho loses the right of self government. Every effort ought therefore to be made to fortify oiir free institutions; and the great bulwark of secu rity is to be found in education—the culture of the heart and the head—the diffusion of know ledge, piety, and morality. A virtuous and en lightened man can never submit to degradation; and a virtuous and enlightened people will never breathe in the atmosphere of slavery. Upon education we must therefore relv for the purity, the preservation, aud the perpetuation of repub lican government. In (Ins sacred cause we cannot exercise too much liberality. It is iden tified with our best interests in this world, and with our best destinies in the world to come._ •Much indeed has been done, and wo have only to cast our eyes over the state, and rejoice in I the harvest which it has already yielded. But; much move remains an I ought to be done. And the following statement is exhibited with a view to animate you to greater exertions. 1,1 The number ot children taught in onr common school-, during the last year exceeds 400,000, and is probably more than one fourth of onr whole population. Ten thousand three bun tired and eighty-three have been instructed in the free and charity schools in the city of Ncw York, a number by no means proportioned to the wants of its population- The students in the incorporated academies amount to about 2633. and in the colleges to 7.">5. u Tbu fund inr the common schools may be Stated at upwards of 1,739,000 dollars, and its annual income at 93,000 dollars, to which may h:: added the interest on the future sales of lands, and on the disposal of escheated proper ty, the proceeds of which latter item mav be I added to the capital. w nni> iuih mav appear, it is sufficiently obvious that it ought to be augment ed. This state is capable ot supporting four teen millions of inhabitants. Tins appropria tion will therefore soon be found far behind the progress^of population, and the requisitions for instruction. Deeply impressed with the mo mentous nature of this department of our social policy to the cardinal interests of the state, I cannot withhold one important fact derived from past experience Of the many thousands who have been instructed in our free schools in tin: city of New-York, there is not a solitary in stance known of any one having boon convict ed of crimes. In furtherance of this invaluable system, I recommend to your consideration the education of competent teachers on the monito rial plan, its more general introduction, and the distribution of useful books ” The Debt. IWrnuc, Sir. of the great Canal, arc summed up in the following sentences: “The debt duo on account of (ho can ds, and the subsidiary works, is $7,407,770 99, of which 1,524,270 90 bear an interest of five per cent, and the residue an interest of six percent, ma king an aggregate annual interest of $ 175,823, 55.—The revenue from tlm tolls the present year, will exceed $110,000—and the duties on “alt $ 100.000, whien with the of • or sources of. income .eloriging to the canal fund, will, in all probability, ppwbicc an excess of revenue above the intercut of the can u debt, of noai $ 100,900. Should any liscfftpanC^ appear betw on this statement and the annual ret>ort of the comp (roller, it will be only apna ent, bis h»» inff r* fe; enco to the fiscal, and this to the natural year.” “It is believed that next year the revenue will be nearly doubled, if the Urie canal arrives to the lake in due season, and its progressive expansion will be commensurate with the pros |>crity of the state, and the growth of our coun try. I- rom tl-cso data, a just estimate may be male of the rapid operation of a judicious Kink ing fund in the extinguishing the whole debt, and of the prospective fiscal resources of the state. “It is estimated that 10,000 boats passe! at t o junction ol the Kric and Champlain canals wittun the last season. Boats with commodities piooeed at the rate of 55 miles in ‘,J4 hours; and boats with passengers near 100 miles in the same 1 r'o. As late as the 15th of December, a boat laden with merchandize arrived at Utica from Albany.” *Ue*”Pt ofU,c flencrol fJovenunnit Cano I* “ ri', UllC t,0,n navigating rim cai.nl. c.uv, Clinton uses tin- following forcible ! ang«age--an«l we may rejoice that circumstance* | arc_ oinpellmg New-York to d.arc in the solicitude "d protection of the Rights „f tUc , ; a,,n°t passoverin silence ilieattcmpt which •V - -clmi recently made to bring the boats navi •?**v °4r ca,tals within the operation of the statutes . regulating the coasting trade of the C ailed States, ‘>v requiring from such boats on- i rollmeat and license, arid J.ie payment of tonnage ! , duties. Die canals arc the property of llto state, I are within the jurisdiction ol theStafp, have been constructed by tlie state, and can bo destroyed hv the slate- They have been inaJt at its ex pense after the general gov: rument had reused all participation and assistance. It cannot wed l^pcrctW. how the regulation of commerce will, foreign nations, and among the several states, or with the Indian tribes,” can authorise an interference will, vessels prosecuting an in land trade through artificial channels. The! coasting trade is entirely distinct from a trade ! through our canals, which no stale in the union nor the general government itself, has a*ight to enjoy witho it our consent. “I he consequences of such assumptions would be, if carried into e.Tcct, to annihilate our reve nue arising from tolls, to produce the most op pressive measures, to destroy the whole system of internal improvements, and to prostrate the authority of the state governments.w . dwelling iu detail on the various* topics of hw Message, (mv. ( lintort concludes in thei'nilnw ing grateful and eloquent strain: “Wq possoss a territory of great cxtjmt; a soil of inexhaustible fertility; a climate of undoubt ed salubrity; subterraneous wealth almost bound less, incalculable extent of manufacturing pore er: positions for prosperous commerce unsur passed upon the globe; vast public property in lands, stocks and canals; a flourishing treasury; a prospective and certain revenue of millions; a system of laws under which the rights of person* and property are secured, and still susceptible of improvements—and above all, mav wc not say without arrogance and without ll itterv, that our population is religious, moral, industrious, intelligent, enterprising and high-spirited, pro foundly conscious of its rights, its duties, and its blessings; with the principles and feelings of freedom engrafted into its moral and physical being. Enjoying, as we do, these transcendant blessings, it remains for ourselves to determine whether vvo are worthy of the career which the Author of all Good has opened to us, whether we have wisdom and virtue enough to become what he has given us the means, and indicate] as his wish that we should become, a main pillar m the great and glorious fabric of freedom and social happiness, reared by the valor, estaMi*h e l by Urn wisdom, and cemented by the bio si of our fathers, blessing as wc are blessed and ministering as we have been ministered unto;— or whether we arc to prove recreant to these elevated and imperative duties, and by wasting onr strrength at d sullying our character in petty | cabals, intrigues and local agitations, commenc ing in folly and terminating in disgrace, we cast away the .rich bounties ot heaven, undermine our own prosperity, and retard the establishment of principles associated with the exalted desti nies of freedom, and identified with the primary interests of the human race.” COM MC.N ICATKD. For Liberia—The brio Hunter is expected to sail in a f-w lays, from .Vo,-folk to Liberia, with J a leinforcement to the Colony. The most of Hie emigrants are poor; and the benevolent may have an opportunity of contributing essentially to their convenience, and to Hie welfare of the colony, by the donation of various useful articles and imple ments; such as axes, hatchets, hammers, hicks, ! hinges, spades, nail*, saws, files, chi-s'-ls, cotton ! cards, spinning-wheels, looms, shoes, books, old ! clothing, or any riling which may be thought useful j to a new settlement. l or the purpose of receiving such donations, boxes will be prepared at Mr. William Crane's,! Mr. Charles M. Mitchell's, and .Mr. Oco. D. Lan caster’s. Jan. 12, 1823. Richmond and .Manchester Auxiliary Coloni zation Society. fl. - The Annual Meeting of the Ilichnmnd and Manchester Society, auxiliary to the American Colonization Society, will he holdeu in Hie Hall of the House of Delegates, 'jn Monday evening next, at half past G o’clock, at which meeting, the Mem bers of the (tenoral Assembly, as well as citizens and others, are re*pectfully invited to attend. liy order of Ihr Hoard nf Managers. Til. C. HOWARD. Sbc't. I jVTOTrCK is hereby given, that tile following IN Certificate of Hie United States Stock, in the name of John Mason, bearing date the 10th of March, 17D1, lias been lost or mislaid, and due ap plication will he made at the Loan Office of the United States for its renewal: Deferred 6 per cent. Stock, No. IDO, amount $20 01. JOHN R. MASON, SRitn. Jan. 14 wl3t MANAGER'S OFFICE, .Vo. I 21, Chesnul Sta rt, Philadelphia. YATES 8c IMPIN'TYRE. Will be drawn, on Wednesday, the Dili of March next, and completed in a few minutes, TtIK Union Cnn il Lottery, Fifteenth Chtttx. SPLENDID SCHEME. 1 Prize of $30,000 1 do. 10,000 10,00*> I 2 do. 5JiOO 10,000 2 do. 2,120 4,2 >6! 20 do. 1,000 20,000 10 do. 500 15,000 62 do. 100 5,200 101 do. 50 5,200 1100 do. 16 20,«00 10C0» do. p 04.064 12,120 Pri7.es 4 205r; 20 22,100 blanks 34,‘220 Tickets 11-/"Orders in the above brilliant sheme will be re ceived at * li. X. S A^AXGtfACS’S, Under the Eagle lintel, liirhmnnd, W here all prizes in iff- preceding Class, will be taken in payment of the Virginia Qnantico Tickets, or where the cash will be advancer) on sight. PRICE OF TICKETS. \v hole Half Quarter $1 75 Eighth 87 A i arKagcg oi I icki ts embracing the 60 numbers which are put into the wheel, and which must of' necessity draw $6-1, less 15 per cent, can also he ! obtained either by certificate or without VIRMNIA LE^ISLA-TPig]. HOUSE OF DELEGATES. Monday, Jan. 11. The Speaker laid before tl»o House, the fol lowing letter from tho (Governor: Cocncij. Chamber, J 10In January, lbd.». \ Sm: I have the honor to lay before the Geno r.il y^sou.ily, a copy of a loiter from tin* <Gu % oi’iur ol the state ot (Georgia, transmitting to this Department, with a request that the same may be laid* be lb re the Legislature, a preamble and resolution of the Legislature of that state, disagreeing to an amendment proposed to the Coustilution of the Utilled Stales i»y tliu Legis lature of the stale of Ohio. t am with great resjKct, Your obedient lei rant, rT F J.ViMCS PLEASANTS. / Ue Honourable the Speaker of the House mf Delegates. On Mr. Sexton’s motion, this letter ivas laid upon the table. The House, according In the order of the day, resolved itself into a committee Of the whole, to tike under iu con side nil ion the rcjMjrt of the committee of tinanc#; Mr. Thompson of Fair fax in the chair.—'('lie committee made no other amendment to the report, (Inn to strike out the provision about paying Gic tax on hired slaves. r. 1 atteson moved the >Jouse to disagree to this amendment, hut the mmi was rejected. 1 he amendeJ report was then ag •ved to. Various hills and resolutions wore fomented i»y the committees, which were laid upon the l ^r- liookcr’s motion, the committee for courts of justice were instructed to enquire in to the propimty of changing the time of holding the superior court of law for the county of Amelia. J , 'in engrossed bill authorising the appointment o. an additional Chancellor, (in Judge Brown’s district) was discussed ami rejected Mr. Gliolson, said, that it had r*ot been his in tention to make any remarks on I he bill under consideration, and that nothing but the appa rent indifference ot the House, (incompatible in his opinion with the importance of the sub had induced him to tresspass on its atten tion. fTo was opposed to the passage of the hill, because he thought i: impolitic, inexpedient and unconstitutional. It was impolitic, because its | l,rot)w!e consequences vvere dangerous in their I lc,';lcncy: it was, iu fact, laying ;i foundation, on j which there might hereafter, without difficulty. J >c created, a hospital for infirm chancellors—it ; led to the adoption of a principle, which might j hereafter bu quoted as a beautiful preamble to ; a Judiciary pension list. Tho inability of Chan j cellor Brown, arising troin permanent dis j ea.e, was the only idea urged, even by the (gentleman from Angn-ta himself, in favor of the passage or the hilt—that it had not been I contended by any gentleman that the present | Juugfc* u liilc in hcalili, was not entirely a le qu de to the discharge of his official duties, so that it was manifest to him, that the direct ob jeet of the hill was to render the office of the r.re i sor'1 incumbent perfectly sinecure in its ohamu i ,cr—1,0 "’as therefore of opinion that the bill w.is I inexpedient and impolitic—bm he was still more ; opposed to the passage of the bill, on constitn j t|ona* grounds. It went directly to the estab lishment of the principle, that the legislature have the right to appoint successors to our ju dicial officers, during the tenure, and before the death, re-ignatipn, or removal from office ol the present incumbent—a principle, which he conceived, to be in direct Contravention of the spirit ot our constitution, and that the present j lugi-dutqre might depend upon it, that whenever i the office ot Chancellor Brown shall become . v'acant, either from his death, resignation, or i removal from office, the succeeding legislature I vvdt discharge their constitutional dim hi ap pointing his successor iu office, and laugh at our attempt to infringe upon their rights. (Jiidei tlier>e impressions, he was opposed to the oas sage of the bill. ‘ An engrosted bill to autiiorise tlie establish ment of a Western Lunatic Uaspilnl was read a third time, ably supported by Mr. Massie, and ft t't.tcd. A’l engrossed hill extending the Jurisdiction of the superior court of law for the town of Lynchburg was taken up. on motion of Mr. Wil son of Campbell, and passed. Mj engrossed bill restoring to the Executive, ^ under certain restrictions, the power to grant i respites from solitary confinement and fulf par | dons to convicts confined in the Penitentiary! home was taken 113. on motion of Mr. Mason of Southampton, debated and passed. . ... Tuesday, Jan. 11. A communication was read from the Senate 1 slating the passage in that body of the hill “add- ' mg a pa rt of the county of Grayson to the cou:i tv o! W ythe” and the resolution directing the survey of a route for a turnpike road, from Dan ville to Wythe Court House.” < >n motion of Mr. Boz-irth, Resolved, that this I loose will, on Thursday the Uthinst., proceed by joint ballot with the Senate to the election of a General Agent or Store Keeper to the Peni tentiary. Mr. Everett moved that when the House ad journ to-day it adjourn to meet at I 1 o’clock to morrow. Mr. E. said that the public expected a short session, and that it was only by ineeliim early, that this expectation could be realized. Mr. Yancey opposed the motion on the ground that the committee of roads and internal naviga tion over which he presided had still much busi ness before them. The motion was lost. Mr. Branihamoffered the following resolution. That leave be given to bring in a bill concern ing persons who have suffered by the loss of slaves and other property, taken and carried away by tbe enemy during the late war, between England and the U. States. Adopted. And Messrs. Bramham, Carter of Richmond, Gihnour, Hall, Bayse, Morris of Gloucester, French, Clark, Digger*, Hunter, and Collier were appointed a committee to report a bill. Mr. Morris of Hanover olferod tbe following Resolution: That leave be given to bring in a bill to amend the act concerning the sureties of John Preston, late rrcasiirerof this Commonwealth. Mr. Morris stated at length the grounds of this application, and made a strong appeal to the justice and liberality of tbe House iu favor of the sureties. Mr. Harvie of Richmond and Mr. Thompson of Fairfax, severally advocated the adoption of the Resolution. Mr. Winston avowed himself disposed to ex tend further relief to the securities of John Preston. Whilst he was willing to give them every indulgence in the time and inode of pay-1 ing the money, he was however unwiMing to tpomre any portion of the debt which bad been ! adjudged due by the special court of appeals, j Ho therefore encpiired of the mover of the Re solution what sort of relief was contemplated— whether it was simply to extend further indul gence in par ing the monoy, or to release them from any portion of the debt. Mr. Morris in reply said that the terms of the Resolution, expressed its object to be, to extend further relief to these sureties. What the na ture of that relief would be, would depend upon the discretion of that committee. He did not for himself know, to what extent the committee in reporting the hill, would feel disposed to go. The Resolution was adopted aves 106, nocs 84, and referred to Messrs Morris, Harvie of Richmond, Thompson, Winston, Mason of Fair fax Harwell Merry. White, I’alirson. Cabell, Parker, L-ovell and Colston. On tnotion of Mr. Morn*, of Gloucester, the House resolved itself into coi . oittee of the whole, Mr. Winston in the chair, on the bill “prescribing how contempts of courts shall be punished.” Mr. Millar, of Norfolk county, moved to strike out the enacting clause of the bill. .■Ir. Miit.ir said he was unwilling to infringe on long established usages and customs of the country. He thought it necessary that the courts have all the power of punishing offences which they now have. Mr. M. said that he must It ive undoubted > *•> |<*ncc that necessity required the passage ol ti..» hill, before he would consent to make inroads upon the customs of our ancestors. Mr. Morris replied to Mr. Millar. Mr. Berkeley moved that the commi'tco vise, report progress and ask.leave (o again. Tie mo ion was lost. The question recurred on the motion l > strike out the first section of the bill, which was earned in the negative, ayes 69, ones 78. On motion of Mr. Parker the committee then rose, and Mr. Winston reported the hill as amended, to the. House. Mr. Paltcs.m moved to postpone the hill in definitely, and chiefly on his objection to that feature which directs Alie reference of a con tempt to the decision of the jury. Mr. Morris, ol Gloucester, replied to Mr. I’at toson. • Mr. Uf s'mr supported the motion, and enter ed into a train of reasoning to prove the imper fection ol the bill—the impossibility of defining contempts, and consequently the impracticabi" I lit.v of prescribing punishments for all cases which I may occur. | ^On the question of indefinite postponement, ■M ■ • IJrittninond called for the ayes anti lines. Ti.fs motion prevailed ayes 87, noo3 75. n e fnesday, January 1 ith. A communication fnjin the Senate was read, stating Clio passage through that body of the following acts, vi/,: 4U ac( “gning furl her time to the owners of lots iy>.certain towns of this j Commonwealth, to hiiild iT'* and improve (lie same,” anil an act “toamena '♦a act, entitled, an .»et authorising the President :«■'*! Directors ol the Sivcker’s Gan Turnpike Compfmv to al ter their ro id, and for oilier purposes.” • \\ allace, the bill “concern ing Clerks’ fees, was taken up and considered. I hi, bill, after being once rej. •-ted, ha.f 1. ;m re considered and referred to the same Cmini'.ijtee. By them asuhs.itutc to the original hill was P°* icj; which hill,after tindergningainen imenis, was ordered to be engrossed and read a third time: ayes 104—«oes 55; Mr. Carter, of Richmond, offered for consid eration the following resolution Hexolrecl, That leave be given to briiw- f., a bill to ammi.l the several acts now in fore?, con cerning the Lunenburg and Farnham Charity schools, m the county of Richmond. n,n resolution was adopted, ait.l referred to Messrs. Carter, of Itick-r.mid, Bramliam, Gil umnr, Ilo.m ,of ,\or(humheri;in.J,Carler, • ;. .vmg fR-orge, Bayse, and Hall. Mr. Patterson called up the bill providing a shelter on the Basin fur Agricultural produco— and then moved to postpone it In the Gist March. lr. I lav vie, nt Richmond, opposed the motion to postpone, and reeapit,dated tlie*reasons y» Irich in Mice'll him to support the bill. .**r*,'Va,kin8' of Doocliland, defended the bUh He stated the urgent necessity’ that ex isted for this shelter, to'profect the produce that was In-ought down the James River navigation. ! !ts own opinion xvas, that it xvas the duty of the James lover Company to provide such a shelter. Mr. I Jlterson rejoined, and urged for the postponement of the bill, from the impe.lection ol its details, especially as no means ivere sug gested in the hill, for the collection of the toil of otic cent per barrel, required to indemnify' (he ect ut building the shelter. Mr. P. thoiiMil !>iat ll.iur ought not fu he inspected * under a slicker. Tbe effect of shade on the vision of !he Inspector, might deprive him of tho power of discriminating its qualities. In some of the •States there yvere express laws against the in spection of dour under cover. He thought that i the passage of the bill ivoul.I prove injurious to I the public interest. Mr. Walking replied to Mr. P. and stated, in relation to the inspection of dour in the shade. Vim t,l°re ,'Vas.a ,:nv rofl'«'ring the owners of .tills, m Hi • city of Richmond, to have their (lour in emitted in tho same, an J that the reputa Hon o’ this dour was well known to be high in all the markets. M«. II.irvie also replied to Mr. Pafterson, ami advocated the passage of the hill—and many other members took part in the discussion, j ui.ilh the motion to postpone prevailed bv a I large majority. J The hill releasing to Win. Kerr the Common wealth s right (on lot in the town of Manches ter, yvas read a third timemnd passed. Mr. Briggs .tailed up the Resolution of the Committee of Courts of Justice, to xvhom had been referred a resolution of the House, requi ring that Committee to inquire into the expe diency of returning to the old District Court system. The Committee of Courts of Justice, reported it inexpedient, to change the present system, and to return to the old. Mr. Briggs moved to ameud the Resolution of the Committee by striking out the word inexpe dient, and inserting the word expedient. Mr. B. briefly and forcibly exposed the imperfection of our present General Court sy stem, and the superiority °r that oftho old District Court. .\Ir. Winston opposed the amendment. He said tliat the public mind expected a short ses sion—that the public prints of the City, bad an nounced the probability of an adjournment bv the Ihtli of February, and be was disposed, for bis part, to gratify the general expectation.— iilr. W. contrasted (ho (\ro$y9(cms, and i be preference to the present, over the old sys tem. J Mr. Wallace also opposod the amendment. Mr. Briggs reioioerl at some length._Final Iv, the House refused to amend the resolution by a considerable majority, and then, on motion of Mr Yancey, The House adjourned. Thursday, Jan. 13. \ communication was read from the Senate, staling the passage of the biU “divorcing Eveli na Roane from her husband, Newman B. Roane,”and their agreement to the resolution for proceeding to-day, to the election of a prin cipal agent of the Penitentiary. Mr. Ship asked leave to bring in a bill chang ing the time of the meeling of (be stockholders of the Bank of the Valley. Leave was refused. Mr. Patterson ottered for consideration the following preamble and resolutions, which on bis motion was laid on the table, and at the | suggestion of Mr. Drumgoole, ordered to be ' printed. f We are compelled to defer them until our I next, j Oil motion of Mr. Bozarth, the House pro ceeded to execute the joint order of the day, having for it* object the election of a principal agent of the Penitentiary for one rear. Mr. Bo/.artli nominated Mr. Thomas Nelson, the present incumbent, who was rc-electcd with- j out opposition. On motion of Mr. Marshall, it was resolved to proceed to day, to the election of a Supcrin- 1 tendant of the Penitentiary. Mr. Sexton offered the following resolution: Resolved, That leave be given to bring in a bill to amend the act concerning the corporation of Wine.besfer. Leave re.’used. Mr. Berkshire ottered the following resolu tion. That the military committee be instructed t« enquire info the expediency of relieving t^iu i members of Fire Companies from military duty. The resolution was suppoited by Mr. Loyair and Mr. Harvic, mid rejected. Mr. Tyler from the select committee ou the York Town expenditure, repoileda bill to pay the «ame. Mr. Goggin offered the following resolution. 1 J hat the Committee of Claims be instructed j to enquire ioto the expediency of placing O. Turpin and John Arthur of the county of Bed-j ford, or either of them, on the pension - list, *for Revolutionary services.—Adopted. Mr. Dingcss offered the following resolution. That the Committee of Schools and Colleges be instructed to enquire into what proportion of the fund for the education of the poor in this *• omruonnvalth, the county of l.ogan will be cntitl d, and that they report by bill orothei wise. Air Yancey called up the bib abolishing the oOiec of Reporter of the Court of Appeals. Mr. Yancey stated the expense to which the £*tate w:;^ subject from this office, and advocated the bill. Mr. Y. thought it best to leave the report, to lie made by individual exertion. Mr. Dromgoole opposed the bill. It was a* important that the decisions of the Court of Ap peals -liould he promulgated, as that the acts of the Leg's hit mo should bepubli hcd. We had nn seen, ity for tlicir public tion, but by requir ing it to be done.. Before t!»o appointment of [such an officer as the Reporter, the reports were so. oral years in arrear—and one gentle man who had publislicd three volumes, had kept and still keeps, the M. S. of others in his pock et. The Court of Appcals.who must be presum ed competent to judge of the matter,bad rccem meuded the appointment of a regular Reporter. f)n every ground Air. Ororngoole thought it I a iviboaoic 10 retain me omce of Reporter, j . Air. Alas in rose to remove a misapprehen* i 8 on. 11 was unnecessary for him to dwell on tlw (necessity and importance of having the rules :<>f prope.ty known. It was true as the gentle man from Buckingham had said, that Wasbing ' t°n, ( all and others were eminent reporters, and were unauthorised by law. Nevertheless, lie thought it imprudent to leave it to individual | exertion—as experience had shewn that reports j made by individuals were long uithtiehl from [ public view. He entered into a statement -H ! prove the erroneousness of Air. Yancey’s state menl in relation to. the emoluments of the lie porter, and contended that for the last tear Mr. Randolph, instead ofjpAOOO had not receiv-' el more than two thousand. Air. Mason ox v^hted on the importance of reporting the do eisTcfc. of the Court of Appeals, and the neccs siiv of having thorn certainly and regularly re | porte«l. M<. Yannex* rejoined, and. sustained tin : statement which he before presented to tin jl louse. Air. Yancey d.id not attach the im|>or | lance to these reports which others did. Botl j Ctilmer’s and Randolph’s reports wentotFheavi j !y, a'V1 many handsome volumes still lay on th< ( shelf, ik thought that the office of Reporte j wa, a «.y the civil list, unknown unti | within tiie three years, and whicli he wisher , tocutoffi Reports li?d formerly been faithfully j ,nade l»v individuals, anu would be again, j Air. Mason explained. Air. Alorris of Hanov.er, said tliat he had hac •some agency-in procuring the passage of th< law in the Session of *19-20. If he could be lieve with Jhe gentleman from Buckingham that llie decisions of the Court of Appeals «er<| unimportant, he too should vote for the rectal o' Ibo law. But was the gentleman in eprn^s " as lf a 'natter of no importance to the peopf and to the inferior tribunals to Know the* * . colons. In most ot the cases growing ou ol particular statutes, it was as important ti the inferior tribunals to know the decision ot ilm Court of Appeals, as the statutes them selves. W ilhoul this, the decisions of the m ferior Courts would be as varying and cut; dieting us the Courts themselves i^Tnu menms. Was it a matter of ns iinportanc that the rule of decisiou should be uniform Mr. AI. said, that he was sure that when tin gentleman from B. reflected more mature! ou tins subject, that lie would concur with hiii in opinion. | The gentleman from BuckinghamMras bot tomed nil his arguments in favor of abohshim j this office, on the supposition that the reuort Mr Al aS T, *y individual exertion lr. 31. repelled this idea, and contended tha experience had proved that individual enter prize was incompetent to supply these report lie stated the remarkable fact, that for thd years there had been no reports of ihe vIccisitB ol the highest tribunal in the state. These ■ ports were unprofitable to those Kho made iheli :md it was imprudent to incur the possibility 3 having none made. If left to individuals, thel would withhold the publication until they *ouK make it without utter rum; and, in the meantime! the public was left in ignorance of the iinpor taut dendonsof the Court of Appeal. R wa| not peculiar to Virginia—in other communities! it bad been found that law books could not b< published without public patronage. It ha«i been lound necessary to appoint a similar officei tor the Supreme < ourt. Mr. Patteson, also, opposed the bill; and re pr.,.>a(cd the call of the aves and noe* or* • question of this character. Mr. Yancey replieJ to the observation of hii colleague, and regretted that he was unwillim to record his vole on the bill. * After further conversation between Messrs Yancey and Patteson, the question was taker by ayes and ooes, and carriod in the affirmative ay es, 1 OB—uoes, 93. The engrossed bill altering the time of holdiun the Quarterly Court of Fauquier, was read third time, ahd passed—as well the bills provi dmg an officer for the Court of Appeals—.h, mil Coocerning John Stongcr-and then (hr House adjourned to meet at 11 o’clock to mor^ row. » JAMES DICKIE and Joanna hiawife, JnuVTban Br.mke and Ann.- his wife, Francis Row,-, - < ,,r or ueorge D. Sb ickleford, dec’d, and in I .1 rig'., Patsey Shackleford, widow rfVhe ^ " D. Shackieford, dec’d, William A. Backhouse and Alolly Ins wife formerly Lewis, Solomon (jr*ve senior, and William B. Graves, John L. Graves Iveson Graves, Baziila Graves, Solomon Graves, ;/ Frances Graves and Sidney Graves, children of Frances Graves, dec’d, who was Frances Lewis, Vi.g"„n Crittenden, Henry Iveson Crittenden and Alary Elizabeth Crittenden, children of Thomas G. Crittenden and Sarah liis wife, Zacbariab W Crit tenden, Catharine Faulkner, admx of Thomas Faulkner, dec’d, Harriet Howe, executri* of James . r<' ' ’ was a,,,"’r of Anthony Gardner, lec d, V\ ill tain Boyd, ndm’r ,!r btrnti non of the said Anthony Gardner, dec’d. John Chowning, adm’r of LI iza belli M. Davis, deed, and John A. G. Davis Lomsa A. oklntyrc, formerly Davis, Mordent i O. Booth and Lliza M. his wife, Thomas C. Braxton iind Maria his wife, and Lucy Davis, Catharine Davis, Martha Davis and James Davis, infant rhil Irenofthe said Elizabeth M. Davis,dec’d. ami Eliza Shackelford, Anthony G. Shackelford. Judy Shackcl ord, Mary Anne Shackelford, Catharine Shackel ?nl a'n «!fr,v"1cSh1nCkclforri’ ^ildrcn of Shackelford, dee d, and Lucy A one Boyd nd W, ham B. Boyd, infant children of William l oyd, their guaidiari specially assigned to defend I,cm.nthis snitr-TaKiMroT'cK,lhMon Tuesday, he 22d day of kebrunry next ensiling, I shall pro iC|‘ 'w n-*5 tbC /,Cp0,,',i0ns 0f J"»"' Gresham and lohn Williams, between the hours of eight i» the vanning and six in the evening, at George K. ( arl rt.n « »!°rC’i" 5oun,y of King & <Mern. Mate of t irginia—-The taking of the said depositions to be continued from day to day (Sundays excepted) be, lween the hours aforesaid, until rour]„ded—to bf read in evidence in a suit now pending in the Su per.or Court of ( h .n. ery for ti.e Richmond Dis rnct, ill winch I am plaintiff, and you a re defendant! ZACHARY LEWIS.