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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, March 06, 1827, Image 1

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-BY PEASANTS & SMITH. ____ _Z.___HICHMOXM, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY. MARCH"« ^^****^sm!!!B*!**^s==!S*^^*,**z****^*!^*-~?^mm~~
o* The Co.VsTiTUTinrf.vt, Wmn is published twice a
trrck, (Tuesdays and Fridays,) at Jive dollars per annum,
payable in advance.
!Ej* Previous la it discontinuance of the paper, all ar
rearages must be paid up. And those who may wish to
discontinue, witf notify the Editors to lha! effect, at least
thirty days before the period expires for which they sub
13* Par ad crUsing—75 cents <i square (or less) for (he
first insertion, and 50 ends for each continuance.—The
number of insertions must be noted on the -V S', otherwise
i/'iiy will be continued and charged accordingly.
•Lj” All letters lo the Editors must be post-paid,or they
sc ill receive no attention.
Selling off Cheap.
rp!IE Subscriber being desirous ol disposing of his
eotiVe stick of HOOKS and STATIONARY, of
furs it, or any part of it, lo the public, at such reduced
prices as bo thinks cannot tail to give satisfaction.
The stock cousists of a general assortment of Greek.
Latin, Spanish, French and English School Hooks.
Lilfbrent works on Mathematics, Arithmetic, History,
Biography, Law, Medicine and iUiscellaneo *> Lite
i alure.
A great quantity of low priced and superior letter 1
and foolscap PARER, and other articles of Slationary.
Bibles, Testaments, Prayer Books, Hymn Hooks, aud
n variety of Religious Publications.
Globes, Mathematical Instruments, Thermometers,
small Microscopes, Maps & Atlasses.
Superior and common Violins, Bridges, Pegs, Strings, I
and Bows; Flutes, Fifes, Kent Bugles, Cluriouelts, Music !
and blank Music Books.
A large stock of BLANK'BOOKS, suitable for Mer- j
chants, County Court Clerks, and other purposes.
He will ctinliiiUK to make, to order,any Book, or Books, i
of the best materials, and in superior style, faint lined am) |
titled to any pattern, cither with or without patent backs, j
Tf Old Books Rebound ami Binding carried on in all !
its branches! ,
Feb. IB If
SPRING goods.
fTWE subscribers have received by ilie regular packet*
JL l'eteishurg, Eclipse ami Planet, from New Yoik, and j
schooner Richmond from Philadelphia, and are now open
»«»sr* a large and well selected assmtuimt of fresh imported
S I’ll I N G GOODS.— Country Merchants and others visit
ill*; ill's market are respectfully invited to call, being as
snred that their assoi tment ofStaple and Fancy Dry Goods
will be found at all times mjual to any in Virginia, and that
•■very article will be offered wholesale or retail at fair ad
vance for cash only.
RYLE A: CATEUTON, Sycamore st.
PKTERsurar;, Vra.
Constantly on Ilund,
Pot.tint, Cl.nrHS of the most approved manufactories.
Bkcssei.8 & Ingrain ('arpexings, handsome style.
Havana Cigars, in 1-8, 1-4, and 1-2 boxes.
Feb 10t
A T rules, held in the Clerk’s Office of the Mustingc Court
jf %. for the city of Richmond, on Monday the tilth day of
February 182,:
David Judah ^ Cv.- PlilS.")
Y>'m. Good',George AY. Clarke and JaineS f In Ci;a,,ceTf
Winston, dfts.J
T!y» defendant Wm, flonri, not having enttned his afS
peanuiee, and given security according to the Act of As
sembly, and the rules of this'court, and ii ij’nearing that
lie is not aii inhabitant of this country, it is ordered, That
the Said defendant Wan. Good, do appear here on the Fri
day before the last Monday in April next, and answer the
plaintiff’s bill, and that a copy of this order he forthwith iu
.v'lted in the Constitutional Whig, for two months succes
sively, and another copy posted at the front door of the City
lfall of this city, on two successive court days.
A copy Teste, Til. C. HOWARD,Clk.
Feb.9 e !hv
1 'HlGlJflA:
At a superior court of chancery held at the former capital
in the city of Williamsburg, the 2(fib ol .January, 1807:
Robert B. Gibson, . . . . Pit-.
lllake B. Woodson, Edward Hertford, and Christopher B.
Strong, ..... It/is.
This cause came on this day to be heard on the original
and amended hills, the answers of the defendants B. B. j
Woodson and Edward Bedford filer! thereto, to which nn-;
swers the plaintiff replied generally, together with the ex
hibits and depositions of witnesses; and as to the defendant i
Christopher K. Strong, who is out of the country, against J
whom the plaintiff appears to have proceeded in the mode !
prescribed by law,.and was argued by counsel: On consul* ;
eraiinn whereof, the defendant Edward Bedford, having1
biaien in ms answer uiai from tin: character ot tnc .former
suit, he was induced to make the purchase os' tiic High ;
Iftll estate; that haring given his deposition in that suit,
and the amended bill in that cause, in page C, filed as an
exhibit in this cause, having charged the non payment of
tint purchase money, which amended bit! wns filed a few
mouths before In: gave his deposition, and two years before
he obtained ids deed for the said estate; ami !iis answer
being imperfect, in denying notice, and not al edging pay
ment before notice-, is of opinion that from tlje facts afore*
!- rid and the whole evidence in the cause, the said Edward
Bedford had notice of the non payment of tire purchase
money by the defendant Woodson, to the plaintiff, at the
time of his the said Bedford's purchase, and at the time
that he obtained his deed, ami before lie paid the purchase
rnottey, if indeed he has ever made such payment, and that
the land in the hands of the said Edward Bedford are now
liable to the plaintiff for the price which Woodson agreed
to give for High Hill estate; but as it may be that the said
IJ. It. Woodson or Edward Bedford has paid and satisfied
saum claim or lien on the said estate, which the plaintiff is
bound for, and which should form a credit against the pur
chase money, tjie Court doth adjudge, order and decree,
that the said defendants Edward Bedford and B. B. Wood
son, rende r before one of the Commissioners of this Court an
account of any lien or claim outlie High Hill estate which has
h'o ii paid by them, or either of them, and which the plain
tiff is liable for; which account the Commissioner is direct
ed to examine,stale and settle, am) to the Court report,
v.’ttli 0113* mattrrs specially stated, deemed pertinent hv
himself or which may be rrijuired by the parties to bestat
A copy, Teste,
C rmissioned. Anderson's Oiuce,)
Williamsburg, 12th February, 1827. >
( ' appointed the ninth rlay of Anri) next, to execute
the foregoing order of Court; on which day, by!) o’clock
A. M. the parties concerned are desired to attend at this
PtTirc, with their papers and testimony, and with the ne
cessary copies of Court papers.
7-w6t EO. ANDERSON, Com.
t'.crcd an excellent stand fur business. Possession may be
hail immediately. Apply to JAMES GRAY
Fch. 20
NOTICE,i»hereby given,that application « ill be made
to the President, Dirertors & Co. of the Bank ofCir
ginia. for a renewal of a Certificate of the Capital Stock of
said Bank, for twenty Shares, No. 742, *u tie irme of
Granville Smith, which ha? been lost. »fii?
"J\r0rM ^ hereby criveti, that application will be
JLn marie to the President, Director? & Co. of the
Fanneri.’ Bank of Virginia, for the renewal of a C’er
f litcale of the Stock erf said Bank, for two Share?. No.
.,242, in my name, which has been mislaid or lost.
| Copartnership in New-York.
I rrnifc; subscriber* have associated themselves for the
pursuance of a General Dry Gurnis liusimss in
l t l it) Ut I\ew \oik, au:i have taken the commodious
new stoic No. 118 Peail street, where they will conduct
their husiucss under the Cun of Ja.mks, Steelf. it Co.
A good assoitincnt of British, Fiend), India and Ameri
c-m Goods, will always be otic red, and some advantages
| may pei haps, be presented to \ iigitiiniis, from our cxpcii
j euce in tiie business of that state.
New York, February 1,1827. 12t
And Hair Curl Manufactory.
I'MIE Subscriber respectfully tenders his thanks to the
. ladies and gentlemen who have so liberally patronized
bun since his settlement in Kichmond, and brgs leave to
inform them and the public, that he lias just received, and
opened, a large assortment of the most fashionable
of every description and color, consisting of Wig*, Tou
pees, Braids, Curls, &c. which he invites ladies ami eentlc
men to examine at his shop under the Eagle Hotel, nr send I
tlmir orders to him. THOMAS CHEAVEN.
I)ec 15
Ten Dollars Reward.
RAN away from the subscriber on Friday night, the26th
‘January,a negro girl, named PATTY, front 17 to
20 years of age; her complexion between yellow ami black:
about 3 feet in height; her bosom rather large than other
wise; when she speaks it is generally as though her nose
was stopped up; her teeth are small and tolerably white,
but she does not show them much; her ears ate small arid
round; not a very full head ot hair; her countenance most
generally is marked with sourness; sire is inclined to stoop.
Her eyes have a reddish cast. The fore finger of her left
hand, is large at the end, caused by having had a whitlow
on that finger.
She had on when sire left, a dark hlnc cotton gingham
frock; a check apron; green figured calico shawl; shoes, and
light blue yaru stockings; and carried off two pair ofbiuck
stockings, a white cambric!; gown, and several others: with
other clothing.
She was purchased by a Mr. Graham in the County of
Gloucester, about 13 months ago, (in the neighbourhood of
the lnlu Thomas R. Rootes,) in which County her mother
resides, where it is highly probable she may make for. She
has sc.vei al acquaintances in tno Counties of Middlesex and
I will give tha above Reward if taken out of tire Coun
ties of Henr ico or llanover,or Five Dollars if trj.k.-n io ei
ther of these Counties, an.! delivered to me in the City of
Richmond. T. \V. V\ HI 1 K.
Is** B.—As the above Girl wassecn in Richmond on Sa
turday last, it is possible she may still be lurking about the
Jan 30,
At a Superior Court of Cliatjci-ry, lioldcir at the
*n Iho City of Richmond, the loth day of June,
Joseph Roberts - j>•.
Ruben Jordan, ami Joint Jordan, adin’r. of llcnj. Jor
dan, dec. ------ JYfc4.
A-reeably to a Decree, of the Coutt of Appeals, ccr
titicci by the Clerk thereof in these words *« Vir
ginia to wit: At a Court of Appeals held at tire Capi
tol in Richmond, the “ih Jay of .f-nuary 1813, Joseph
Roberts, appelant; against Reuben Jordan, and John
,n. "dan acini r. of Ilenjaniin Jordan, dcc’d appellees
Upon an tip.-..-I from a Decree pronounced by the Su
perior Court of Chancery, held in Richmond, the 7th
day of October, 1806, this day came- the parties by
their Counsel, ami tire transcript ol the record of the
Decree aforesaid, having been maturely considered,
the Court is ot opin on. that the pendency of the suit
m the County Court of Amhei.it, referrcd’to in the an
swer of the appellee John .Ionian, was no bar to the
rehef prayed for iu the Court of Chancery, and that
the said Decree is erroneous in dismissing tire hill, both
bccr.UKC there was no notice givr. •. to tire appellant, of
the time and place of taking- the account, and because
it appears by a report not*excepted to, by the appel
lees, that the appellant was entitled to a credit for two
thousand, one hundred pounds of Tobacco. There
fore it is Decreed and Ordered, that the said Decree he
revised and annulled, and that tire appellee who is
tulm r, out of tire estate of l.ts intestate, in Iris hands to
be administered, if so much thereof he hath, but if not,
then out of his own estate, and the other appellee, in
his own right, pay to the appellant Iris costs by him
expended in the prosecution of his anneal aforesaid
here ; and it is ordered that the cause he remanded to
the said Court of Chanceryv- with duec'.ions to that
Court to have an account taken between the parties
on due notice ; and if upon such account, it shall ap
pear that the representatives of Charles Irving, decM.
have no claim to the debt in controversy, that the in
junction be made perpetual as tn all payments made
cither to Iteuben or benjamin Jordan, otherwise, on
ly as to such sum or sums as it shall appear, had been
paid to Iteuben Jordan, before notice of assignment,
or to Benjamin Jordan after, and which have not been
credited on the bond; and dissolve live injunctions for
balance; and in this latter went also to Dec’iee that Reu
ben Jordan do pay to the appellant, any sums received
by him after notice of the assignment, so soon tvs the
; appellant shall have pa:d the amount ot the judg
i ment at law, or such partthereof a» he shall he awar
j tied to pay, which is ordered to be certified to the said
I Superior Court of Chancery’, appellant's costs in the
. Court of Appeals, thirty one Dollars and ten Cents, in
; which are included sixteen Dollars and sixty.six Cents,
a Lawyer’s fee.—A Copy, Teste. // Dance, C. G7;
I h’s Court dot’ll Adjudge, Order and Decree, that
au account be taken by one of the Commissioners of
die Court, agreeably to the principles declared by the
Decree aforesaid, ahe-r due notice to the parties, and
that such Commissioner make a report thereof to this
Court, and this Court doth further Adjudge, Order
and Decree, that the Defendant who is ndin’r. out of
the estate of his intestate in his hands to be adminis
tered, if so much thereof he hath, but if not then out
of his own estate, and the other Defendant, in his own
right,pay to the I’hir.tiil’tbo costs by’ him in the Court
of Appeals expended. — Cost of Court of Appeals_
£32 • 66.
At Rules lioMen in the Clerk’s Office of the Supe
rior Court of Chancery, for the Richmond District,
the 2d day of January,' 326.
Sarah Roberts and Alexander Roberts, executrix, and
executor of Joseph Roberts,dee’ . - PiJ\.
1 John Jordan adtn’r. of Benjamin Jord an, deebi. an.
Reuben Jordan and Fleming Jordan, executors of
Reuben Jordan, dec’d. ... Df:*.
Tiie scire facias awarded in this causehaving been
I returned executed,and there being no cause shewn to
! the contrary of what followed!; Ordered, that the
j cause stand and bo proceeded in to a final decree in
the names of the pre ent parties.
Copies, Teste, WM. \V. IIEX1XG, c. t*.
fy>MMr«SrovF,R’g OS’FffK, >
Richmond, February 3d, 1927. jj
The parties intneUrd, will please take notice, that I
have appointed the 15th (lay of March next, to commence
tne account directed in the forajoiny; order of Court, on
which day at 9 o clock, A. M. they are required to attend
at niy Oftire in (Li?* City,with their papers and vouchers
tea fy for examination auri se;t!emcnt.
II. RAKER, m. c.
j Pi!HE next session of the LAW SCHOOL, ct Nr.r.n- !
J. ham, near Karmvillo, in the comity'of prim e j
, bdwaril, will commence on the f,rst Monday iu April
next,and eml with the year: no change iu the terms of!
j the Law School, from the last year, when there was but a I
few students; but a very full class is expected, this vear, I
I rout the number already heard from. Kvciy letter which \
II '»av« received in relation to the Law School, has besn 1
promptly answered. If gentlemen coining to it wil! write !
| «o me, directed to FarmvHle, when they will be at Rnine's i
j 1 avernon the stage road from Richmond to Lynchl>ur». 1
my carriage shall meet thepi there and take them to Need
I ham. I hose coming hy the Fredericksburg stage, may get
; out the steps of my yard.
In the Moot Court, attached to the Law School, every \
court ol the state is occasionally repicsmited: The plea.'-!
I ,UeS,,n ,ev^rP *9*® ar" fcgnlnrly filed in writing; causes ate j
j tA^n or \ docketted, argued and decided, upon written tes- ;
1 timony only; and a regular record kept ot all the nrococd
: nigs, so t.tat if a gentleman will make the proper use oJ
j tbe books, and acquire for himself, a correct knowledge ol
, the theory of the Law, he will as he passes on, be in
strutted and assisted to a correct com so of practice. For !
farther particulars, I must refer to the notice published, iu i
this paper, of the Inst session.
_-, h' Vi__CRF.KD TAYLOR. !
Airtueof a lived ol Trust, of lecord iu the Count* i
a 9 Comtnf King and Queen, from Henry Fleet, to the
subscriber, to secure the payment of a terlaui«tim ofmo
"ey therein mentioned to William Fleet T.ustee, under ti,e I
Will or Kay lor Fleet, de'd, 1 shall on Tuesday the 13i|,
uay of March next, sell for cn-h, on the promises, the!
1 racial Land, of the said Henry Fleet, conveyed hy the I
dvd afntesaid, lying < .. the Mait.ipony river in the county !
Ku,S a'“‘ U'wen, containing about two hundred and fifty j
acres. .urh title as is vested in me by the deed aforesaid
v\.il be conveyed to the purchaser.
_. , CHKISTR. B. FLEET, Trustor. !
r eh. 9 _
- ot
Negroes Wanted.
A I'KnS"*v desirous of settling a large farm, wishes to
xA. purchase for his own usu, from 40 to 6t> Ni-gioes of:
good character, a large proportion of them, valuatdc men;
and on the Iqllhwing Unas:
T he purchaser to give a Deed of Trust upon the Negroes
a-ud real estate of at least double their value, to secure the
purchase money—which is to he paid, at his option, any
tune within six ycurs—he paying the intciest annually.—
1 !ius making it, in ellrct, eipiivaleut to a cash sale. I'm
particulars, reference is made to the Editors of the Const i
tiiiionnl \V hig.
dan. fl—wtf—if
Carpetings and Rugs.
A ^ wssortment of fine and superfine Caiprtingc, of
r V superior patterns ami style, with Hearth Ki£t$ to
match, li>r sale at low prices, by
Nov. 1 r
/[IOMiMIT IEI> to tlie .T.il of Kockingtiani County,
Virginia, as a Runaway, on the eighth day ol No
vember last past, a negro man named CHARLES. He is
a bunt .‘■0 years of age,o feet 0 or 7 incite* high, very black,
wait large w hi.-kers, has lost two of his tfndei teeth’, and is
h.i: I-headed; his clothing consisted of a new wool hat
coarse linen shirt, drab round jacket, one drab and one
. -triped pair ot pantaloons, and slmea much worn. Tlie
owner is requested to come forward, prove property am!
j tii^e him away, or lie will bfdealt with as the Jaw diiecls
l’KTER IR1CK, Jailor
Of 'UickH-.ghum C-.'uufy.
.7_____ Cm
lor publishing in Fcdericksburg, V’irginia. a sfcioi-v.ctkiv
Newspaper, to he called the
Political Arena & Literary Museum.
However it may have, been lite custom to introduce !
proposals of this sort by almost interminable chains !
of t In i*.i d ha re truisms anti wall rounded periods, our tea- 1
d-ns will tto doubt pardon us for requesting them to sti]>'>o?r j
all this u rilttn and read, and proceed with ns at once, to tire
tea. object for the consideration ol which we have solicited 1
their attention.
In a country like ot.rs, where the well-being of the state 1
; depends in some degree u|ton the opinions of each individu
al citizen, it is important that the public mind should he
possessed, not only of the facts which are evolved in the
| progress of our foreign and domestic politics, but of the
| different views which may he taken of each measure of!
Government by its partisans and opponents: and the Editor !
who would open his columns to tival essayists, ami en-!
courage temperate discussion by every mean* in Iris power,'
would present to his readers the singular adva lit age of being
enabled to collate the arguments of both sides, and thaw :
his own conclusions without the necessity of paving fi>r !
t wo papers.—On these principles will be conducted the pa
per now offered to the public.
The Editor’s next object will be to adorn Ids pages with !
such r»r the productions of science and literature ashe may 1
derm best calculated to amuse his readers; and he tt ust? 1
that this will not prove the. least interesting pan of his pa- |
per, the more so, that many o' his literary friends have pm- ;
mised him their aid.
.Miscellaneous intelligence and advertisements will urnt
py the test of tiie sheet.
The Political Alena am. Litkrary Museum
; Will he published twice a week, at five dollars per .win
! advance, ami be similar in size and type tr> the Consti
: tutinnal Whig.
j The publication vill commence so soon as a sufficient
j number of subscriber shall have been obtained. Persons
i holding subscription lists are mjnested to return them on
! tiie first of April.
All letters addressed to the Editor must be post paid.
Advertisement* inserted on the usual terms,
fir’ Subscriptions will be received at the office of the
i Whig.
j _ -T:t11- ’___Avfit
Ii’i>h Linens and Sheetings.
Hall NEII.SON has received an assortment ofT-B
and 4-4 linens, (part very fine) A-4 sheetings,3-4, B-4
and 10-4 diapers and napkins, fine and extra superfine lon
lawns, with a general assortment of Staple and Fancy
GOODS, which Ire will sell at very reduced prices for cash.
Nov. 17
V IRC IX/. h
j At rules, l.nlden in the clerk's office of the superior rr>tnt
id chancery for the Richmond district, fire 5th itry ol
I February, 1827:
I Edward It. 11 irks and Daniel Hirk*«, - - I’i’t.
• against
icxander Loyrl, John A\ . Lewi*, Lewis Harwell, Peyton
L. Burnell, Spotswnod Bniwcll in his own right, and
as adm'r de bonis non of Arn.istead Burwcll, d.tM,
i Til or.ns Goode, Richard Royd, Richard II. Walker,
llowell Taylor, Edmund Taylor, Alexander l*. Field
j • x’or of ( iiarles G. Field, rlcc’d, John Davis Philip
1 Raney, IJ• T. Hicks, E. S. McCraw, John D. flaw
j kins, Win. Ilobaids, and the President and Directors
of the State Bank of No.tb Carolina, and Wm. Hicks,
The defendants John D. Hawkins, Wm. Bnbarrls, the
j President and Directors of the State Bank of North Car
olina, Spotstvood Harwell, and Richard Boyrl, not having
entered their appearance and given security according to
the act of assembly and the rules of this court, and it ap
pearing by satisfactory evidence, that they are not inha
bitants of this country; it is ordered, that the said defen
dants do appear Iirreon the first day of the next term and
answer the hill of the piairttiffs; and that a copy . f this
order be forthwith Smarted in some newspaper published
j in the city of Richmond, for two months successively
and posted at the front door of the r.apisd, in the said
J citv.
i A cr.ry. Tei.n>, ?f-r. IV. 11EX1XG
c goustttntfcmal
from the Nutional Journal.
In tiie debate in the Senate upon the lull to regulate the |
trade with the Kritisli colonies, as well as in the Opposition i
presses, great exertions have been made to cast censure up* j
on the Executive lur an allcdgt’d injui intis preference fur,
negotiation lather than legislation upon the regulation of j
this trade; nnd it lias even hern ndirmeri that the sacrincu ;
ol fne ti ado itself has been the result of this excessive fond- t
uess for negotiation. Laying aside for a moment -ny con- !
sideration of tlie actual slate of tlie negotiation at (he coin- '
meiict iiii'ii! of the last session of Congress, and of the Imu- j
est conviction ei.teitained by the Executive, not only that I
a satisfactory, but a speedy arrangement of that tin-del
would he cfti-cicd by these means, we ask whether, if any j
such preference did exist, it is not abundantly justified by |
the fact, that of all tin* measures recommended to Congress j
in the message of IKia, scarcely one has yet been brought ;
to maturity, nor can it be believed fiiat this subject, bail
it been retomnirndcd to Congress at the- last session,
w ould have met wiiii a better reception than did multitudes
of others recommended Uy the Executive; since now, hav
ing had the subject before them since the coiiiriieuceincut of I
tile present session it has been brought forward only within ^
the last ten flays of its duration; and when each member of I
the Senate, governed by the local interests of the State he i
represents, stand., p.cpatcd to infer amendments, so various j
in cbaiactcr and so unlimited in number, that it would.j
s.-em all but impossible to obtain tlie sanction of a innjdri- I
tv ot that body, much less the sanction ol Congress, to any
hill which might l.e proposed.
Hut it was not, at tlie lime, mentioned by the Opposition
as a subject upon which legislation was ivqjired. It was I
admitted by both parties to the tiuduat that time to lie a
subject unttnnly fur negotiation, but upon which negotia-i
lions had been commenced, and weic then punding. It was
firmly believed by tin* Executive of the United States that 1
it was a subject which would soon be amicably adjusted
by negotiation. Under these circumstances, while every
• lion was making, and w hile some of Iter general piinci
pUs w ere relaxed in their operation by the United Stales,in
order to compromise this long existing difference with Great
liritaiu, the Government of that country, without any no
tice ot such intention, changed their ground, and declinin'
n,'gntialion, lissome,| as tne basis of their future regulation
ot this t <adc, at, riuiruntis act of Parlianien;, of eighty six
| a‘ ctio r. comprising a c ode of colonial commercial law, ami
j 'n peitectly uuintclhgihle, that her revenue officers who
I were to cany it into ex, ct,lion, interpreted it dilTerently,
i *'t'd thill one nt her ablest Judges has within a few months
i given a decision entirely at vat inure with its provisions.
In a short section «f this net, the passage nor import
jot which was ever communicated to this Government,
I 11 piovtsuui is in-erled by which tin: character of our
‘ trade with the colonics was entirely changed. Tlris sec
j lion provides that the colonial trade shall be open to nations
having colonies on terms of reciprocity. That is—that the
trade from any nation having colonies to the British colo
nies, and fiom thence to any part of the world except Great
Itiilaiee, shall lie open to such nation, upon her granting the
sante teuns to British vessels trading with her colonies—viz:
to clear out for any part of the world except the mother
country. Such a regulation of the trade itith nut ions hav
ing colonies, was on terms of reciprocity. If it were so.'
the requisition fu>m tiie United States of tire same terms
could not he upon principles of reciprocity. In the one
case a portion ,»i colonial trade was given lor a portion of
colonial hade. We have no colonial trade to give. Great
Riii.iin then tore demands from us the trade fioin the Uni- !
ted Stales to any part of the world, in lieu of which she
give* us the trade fioin her colonies to any pait of the world
excepting tilt: mother country. But this is nor all. The
section of the act alluded to requires that all nations not
having colonies shall place the. commerce and navigation of
Great Britain, and of its possessions abroad, upon the i
footing of the most favoured nation, in order to enjoy the j
trade to the colonies as offered by this act. We ’have a
treaty with Central America, by which the impsitation and
expo, tation of goods and mcrriiandiso, tvilioiit regard to
the country of which they are the growth or manufacture,!
is allowed. iV* t we then giant this favour to Great Bii- j
taiu, in return tor the privilege of trading in the produce j
of her colonies? Must we permit her to transport for us I
tin- produce of the world, for the transportation al'.cv.e.d j
of the produce of an integral portion of it? Yet such must
be ti.c result if we accept the terms of this act, and place *
her on the footing of the most favoured nation. But !, t 1
us, in older to understand the case better, consider what '
was tne character ot this trade before the operation of the :
act of Parliament of 5ih July, 14123, and what change
is apparently offered by that act. We may, perhaps, find
tiiat much is asked, and little granted.
Previous to the passage of the act of Parliament of 5th
July, ll .’S, tin: trade between the L'nitmI States and the
British XV cst Indies bad for some time been tcuiated by
nr.G of Parliament on tin: one side, and of Congress on
the other which, pprmiltMl only the direr t trade in specified
articles, that is, vessels of the Untied Stales were pem.it
l.-d to trade Coin the ports of the United States to co
lonics, and from thence to return to the United Stair s; and
vessels from the colonies wtiic permitted to enter am- of
the poiis of the United States, and from thence to mum
immediately to the colonial ports. I>y the late act of Par
liament an offer was made to open through the colonics a
mot j.\tendcd trade; and the British guv emu not in that
act i uiscd to grant permission to the United Stales to
tr ldt.ff ith Irer colonies, and through them with all pails cl
the world excepting flu Ueiited Kingdom, upon condition
that the 1 mted Slates would place her upon the footing of
tne most favored nation. I his is the magnanimous offer
made by the. British government, which the Onnosition seem
to think should have been accepted without hesitation or 1
inquiry. In order to ruiiiMic the valiitrcf :he equivalent I
( ♦..:rcd hy the British government, for thu'trnde of >ho Uni- I
ted States, a due regard shoffld he paid to ilie curumstan- !
res and situation nf the colonies themselves. It is a vvell j
known fart the situation of the property in those inlands is I
far from being favorable to general trade. The owners of
a large portion of it are not residents of the so;!; and coo.,
sumc. its produce in England herself. A still larger portion
is so encumbered with dfclrts due to the. merchants in ;i,t
j mother country,that mortgages ate held there upon almost
| nil the crops, which are accordingly transmitted to England,
j 1" short, Mich is the weight and pie-Mi,e of the debts due
! upon the plantations, that the income is drained to supply
j *»•« English creditor, and nothing remains h r tniiispoii.i
lion elsewhere than to the mother country. In confirmation
of this fact, rvc have the authority of a most respectable
American merchant who has been residing in one of West
India Islands, and lias retoi ire.I since the operations of the
art of Parliament commenced. He states that on the 5th
of .1.inuary, if,2t>, notice was given to the commander* of
several American vessels then in port, that they would he
j permitted to clear out for any pait of the world except
tireat Britain. A'Ot one of them made ns • of the permig
sinn; nor, lie says, would one of#i!iem during the year. And
w hy not? Enr the simple reason that a cargo cannot bp
procured for any other part of the world except (Beat Bri
• tin; and there firry cannot go. Thus, then, it w ill he seen
that this great magnanimity on the pair of (Beat IBitain
consists in tendering to us a trade which by the circumstan
ces of the colonies themselves is a perfect nullity; and re
quiting from us in return foi such p.rfrcmc Ubr.-nlity, the en
joyment of a perfect and cff-ctive commerce. VVe trust
that neither the people nor the government of this country
will be gulled hy so palpable an artifice. We require but
fair and honorable reciprocity; we ask no favor; w‘e claim
no privileges for which we arc unwilling to give an otjuiva
h-r.t; we would he willing to sacrifice something to leitmvp
this hone of contention; but wo wool I not submit to sacri
fice the dignity ami honor of the country to accept the in
estimable ofter or a nvlltlji as a boon.
We had not h.t. ndcd, when we t .ok p our ne», fo have
said so much upon this subject, hut fiom the difference of
i opinion prevailing upon it, wo have hern induced to make
these remains which vve snail continue, if necessary, at some
; future time.
A meeting of the citizens of Ohio county, Virginia, has
j been held at Wheeling, at whir.Jr several rc*oIiiii..iv-i vvei•
j adopted, which we. shall publish imieafjer. The res lu
1 lions of Mr. Giles ar.. cr;>',Vuv:r.f, :n si. urg b’-..'»i;.
I,**"‘* ———————a—v-* TT~ -" i rnm—TiniViiV
f/ont the Augusta Georgia Chronicle
It will be seen by the Message ol the President to tho
• ongu'as, ami the accompanying documents which ato
pn dednd in onr columns, that the Ion® anticipated crisis is
at last arrived, and that Georgia — no, not Georgia, hut tho
■ ovenor of Georgia, and the {.'oiled States, are fully and
t uridedly at issue. 'I lie question is, shall the laws of tho
nation be respected and executed? shall the faith of its
tieaties he pteserved? and have the Indians any rights or
not. And if they have, shall they he respected by th« only
human power from which they have the right to expect pro
ter tinn, or shall they he allowed to be trampled under foot,
and themselves to be driven, without u shadow of justice,
ftoin their lands — those lands which hart been acknowledged
as their ow n, and which, as they never yet disposed of
them, must still remain theirs by every principle of law and
equity. Some affect to be surprised at the course pursued
hy the General Government; but for ourselves, we ait i>.*
ly surprised that it has desisted from it so long; for the
propriety of it is So plain that even a child-may comprehend
it. It is unquestionably an uupleasHiit one, and as sncli
has doubtless been delayed as long ns possible; but theta
was, at last, no alternative left but to adopt it, or yield tho
i CiCgatetl sovereignty of tire National Government to lira
iLailstrnng and dictatorial measures of a man, whose coursa
to disapproved ol and reprobated even by his own constitu
ents. He bus “bestrode this narrow world like a Colos
sus, and declared and executed his impei ious mandates, as
though there was no power, human or divine, to say, “thus
htr thou shall go and no farther;” and Ids ungovernable in
sults ol tho General Government have been borne w-itlx a
patience and forbearance which Iras given strength to his
temerity, and confidence to Ids presumption. But his
haughty and tyrannical spirit must bow at last before the
constituted nothin ilies ril his country, for he has now t<• nice t
them in their might. It is not more unpleasant to .my re:-;
than ourselves, that this power of tho General Govern > ;
should be thus necessarily introduced into our Slate. . -
humiliating to our feelings, and disgraceful to the S: - *
but. sensible tlurt it is the necessary consequence of our. ■
cutive imprudence, and an imperious duty on the pan ns >
General Government, wc feel bound, ns good citi/t n , •;
! ^ oiled Status, to submit peaceably and respectfully ;
: the exercise of its justice. That all. nr neatly all, will mtr
| sue a similar course, we cannot doubt: for its propriety
: must be obvious to all who are not disposed to he blinded bv
; prejudice and party spirit. Even G,,v.Troup himself will . r
oppose .1, tor lunvcvei muc h disposed he may be to "stand
J l’U nis »nns%" even though in using their, it might verv soon
| r|,t'urck(i, iliut "G turgid was” yet h« lias a hea.lv" giv, n
! evidence, nn a similar occasion, that lie knows how to make
j a virtue of necessity, and that lie is not always unmindful of
j discretion; at least not when it becones “tho better nart
• of valour. 1 *
I U c aie proud or tne rmifidence, that few, very few, and
f probably none of our fellow citizens, w ill ir.ise. their arm.- in
j rebellion against then beloved country, and against that sa
: rred constitution which was purchased by the consecrate J
i t1"0'1 1,1 *heir venerated fathers, and whii h has heroine tho
admiration of the vii tuous, the great and the good tlnough
ont the world. Some angry feelings may arise, and soum
talk of bloodshed may occur; but if Gov. Troup should rai' rt
tho bloody standard of insurrection upon our happy land,
w iterc is the patriot who will not draw his weapon in hi
very teeth, and thunder the vengeful cry of reti ibiitiou in his
c.ns? Uut thanks to the piotcctiug hand of Providence,
there i- no probability of such a result. The Geneial Gov •
eminent has already declared its intention of procuring the
laud in question as soon as circumstances will pemit; ami
bat for the conduct of Gov. Troup, in relation to the di\ ij
ing line between the States of Georgia and Alabama, v. *
might even now have been pul in rightful possession of it.
Flic business has very pmpcrly been i(-commended to the
cousiHeration of Congress, and we doubt not, that in a spirit
of justice and reconciliation,it will, as far as practic ibfc%
adopt measures for the a mi c tibia adjustment of these dirtied-,
tics; anti, if it be possible, by making a purchase ( f tile dis
puted territory.
Our limits do not admit of continuing this subject forth.-r
a: the present time; hut we shall probably extend it heie
safter to thp examination of otherpoints of interest which uro
connected with it.
INDIANA.—The Legislature of this State adjourned on
Saturday, 27th Jan. after a session of eight weeks. ’1 no
Indianapolis Gazette of the 2,1 tilt, says, “the joint lesniii
tion from tho Senate appioving the measures of the admin
istration of the general government, w as laid on th - ta
ble. in the House, on the. 24th nit. by a vote of LIO to 24.
It may ho said from this vote, that the major ity itS tins
House were, opposed to the administration; hut such is not
the case. Several gentlemen who voted foi laving the u-s"*
olution on the tabic, expressed themselves ns being favor
able to the administration, and would give their support !o
Mr. Adams foi the next President; hut w ere of opinion their
constituents had not sent them to me Legislature to e- -
press such opinions. The resolution pas.e<j the Sena r • ■ -
most unanimously
.'i organ dgoi,\—The Orleans Advocate, of the 1.":- nit.
says, “two genii, men stopped at the house of Mr. tjuitix,
in Gnitn ?, in this county, i/fi the 13th, who Slated that thev
were on their way with despatches dir.-rt from .Sir P. Mait
land. Lient. Gov. of Upper Canaria, to Gov. Cliotou, an
nouncing that WILLIAM MORfiAtV was i|i the posssrs
s on ef the former, subject to the direction of the latter
fit ire and mil. They also stated, that they saw and con
versed with Morgan and offered to produce their papers aa
vouchers of the correctnes of their statement-.”
This is no doubt a sheer fabrication. JVo sI)r|, n|lvo
gentlemen'* have arrived in this city; nor is i; pndiaide ti.at
at y such merle would have been adopted to convey any
information of this soit.— But this subject i« so full of ru
mour and exaggeration, that it is diftirn'i to know how la ■;
to extend or w ilhold one’s belief.—.lib. .‘lrgus.
Thebi'u Doris, Capt. Mathrvvs, sailed from Hampton
Hoads, on Sir day week, for I-iberia, with rightv-fivc fm
iginnts for the Colonv, chiefly from Virginia 'and North
AJorr Ind'ctmenls.—The Crawl Jurv of Hunter.Ton
| Cmmty, New Jersey, has found a bill of indii tment against
I nine Individuals, t barged with conspiracy lo defraud tho
1 State Rank at l'rentnn,
aai i:iiicaiT fan *ien.
H w.ti.uohe, Friday, Feb. 2.1, 1027.
Wc wish that every frieml of tins Journal should un
derstand. and that they would have the kindness tp
, make it known, that to any one who will procure four
subset ibers and remit -on their account £20, we will
*^nd a tilth copy of the Atrpricnn Farmer without
charge— or any one who will procuro five subscribers,
will be allowed to retain £5 on his remitting the re
maining $20. We I,eg also to repeat, that all which
is necessary to he done by any one. wishing to subscriht ,
is to inclose a live dollar note by mail, at the risk’f t'
and aihlrfsictl (<>l,the Editor nfilie American Farmer,
1ia/livwrc"■—and whether the money he received or
not, the paper will he forwarded immediately, and
the actual receipt of each number of the volume w .11
be guaranteed by the Editor.
The American Farmer is publi-hed weekly. Ly
J. S. Skinner, Fosttnasler of Maltirnoie, printed on
line paper the si/vo of ordinary newspapers, folded so
as to make 51 page;-; about one half, or four pages, tic
voted to practical Agiiciilture; the remainder lo Inter
nal Improvements, Itural and Jhnnesfic Economy; *o ,
lections for housekeepers and frtnalc readers, and
Natural History and Etna! Sports. A mimic indt'c
and title page to the whole volume b published, and
| forwarded with the last number of each volume. A
! single number will he sent to ;.nv one who may devil a
j to «ee a specimen of the , da jI, • >«.
To all editors who will etc r.b< > :• rie or two
i irtfcvtions. w e shall feel much uniubtcJ, an,; t.-J‘ gladly
recipr'ca’a their kindne*«.
E. S. 'J'ha Americr.n Farmer is circulated fhr'crl,
. c»s.« stale and territory, and is written for by j;»a /
" !l.g :»»js! 'j.’.ii.g' islie I nrac«g;.J faruien in 'be **o.i •>,

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