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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, August 11, 1827, Image 2

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(_ From (hr V. .S'. dazrtlr ]
H units a i un, Julv Zl.
A J'Ti iyvduv s:
I It*' Ci'tivpntioii having been » ailed fo order, the
1 resident |»ioc* *ded to name tiie dillcreut committers
*o whom had been retorred the resofut ions adopted iti
the tnormtig.
(. hum, of I-.tmfueky, said that lio find fieard
regret that the giand committee had ‘•ignitiwl that
they had laid before the convention all the business
that in their opinions they wore hound to act upon;
he believed that tiiere was o.ue, of vast importance to
♦lie agricultural, the manufacturing, and the mcrcau I
tile interests of the States, which \hev had not refer- j
rad to; he alluded to a uniform system ;>t bankruptcy; I
he tlierefoio moved that a committee of five prisons
be appoint! J to diaft a memorial to Congress siirr 1
gesting the propriety of a bankrupt law.
Mr. Carey moved that the resolution lie on tin* table ;
inasmuch as «t inn not niiiiiedul with the business
njvn winch they had assembled
Mr. ( limn bad been led to believe that the objects
nn I purposes or the Convention were to contiibutc to
tiio national wealth, and to call m'o a, Mon tiie indus
try an I strength of the Union; he did not understand
that the business was c-nfincd to wool and woollens;
':r ftdt, mid he trujtcd nil d;J, a disposition tocucoii*
:.Agc nil kinds ot' industry and enterprise, connected
wi'h the prosperity of the United States. Our condi
iron, saiil Mr. ('. is a peculiar oii»\ not to be rated by
tiie examples of other nations Itankruptcics exist in
s'lmosf rt'ery class of tiie community, and caeh clas3
would he aided by tho ilisfranchi ement of its mem
hers. National wealth, Mr. (’. believed, consisted in
individual labor, and befell iuipn ssed with the idea
that there were at tins time rnoio than 100,000 pc,sons
«o emhar»-.*»»6ed as to he unable to contiibute to their
own, and consequently to the general weal; here w as
Mieu a diminution of more than ,-U i,000,000 annually
from the national wealth. Ilecwd not know the spirit
of the house, b<it he believed that a bankrupt law
ni ght he recommended that would he acceptable to
a'l Objections, lie knew, were great; bankrupt laws
ndmitfed of finmb hut arc not ali codes of laws liable
I* similar objections? It was necessary to the ad
vancement of agriculture and ‘lie manufactures, that!
timso who are restrained by embarrassments should be
relieved, in order that they might enter upon active
escort ion*; he would yield with pleasure to the opinions
ol'lbe bouse—he iiad no feelings to g-aldy in press
mg his motion; still he believed tho subject worthy of
lli-* attention of the Convention
Mr. btuirf, of Mew \ ork, said lie had no particular !
objections to the resolution, but it appeared to him !
that some gentlemen had come together for the p tr- 1
po=e of examining nit the wants uj this country upon j
••lemonl.iry principles; and it this was the ca--e, the j
4.legislature of tlie State would have to sit in some o
(ber bouse next winter, provided the Convention re-;
“inert to decide upon ail the subjects that migjil be '
presented; for every now object brought to the°atten- j
lion of the Convention, was calculated todistracf, and;
»o cause a wandering from those great and » ardinal ■
id. in which the country was more deeply inter
e,ied. lie apprehended that the object of this Con-j
vent ion was not to discuss general principles, but cer- ;
tain great and leading interests; and to make more*
enemies was unnecessary, as he thought wc had al-|
ieady enough of them. Adam Smith’s work had poi
soned the mind of the nation, and ws ought to era
dicate the notions imbibed from ibis work? Wo Gud
it frequently even in our retail shops, in consequence
el the prejudices diunU in with this commercial milk,
upon v. Inch, however, many had grown rich. Such
m il had many prejudices to rout out; and independent 1
•>i all that, it we looked over our own countrv, wo
.should discover that a'l the Southern States were j
looking with an rye of jealousy, and they were not
willing fo send deieg: v to this convent?-.i-' ,
were ten or eleven ' - o - hi . ., , U1),~
• great iii'i-ri to • • i ;-,o uei!. and not only
**•> the Par nent of Great Uritain, the can i la I
, that country and its treaty i tak,; • - ^ci v. eta also
operate in opposition to them, fie thought
vi.ai every man might see -’- vt t-, had enemies rr.outis,, ,
ring the :ts of strife. iln policy
vt! L,t. c snot down (he hatches upon all but two <
objects, viz. wool ami woollens, and iron. Mr. S. sajtl |
hut hair our independence was yet secuicd; he had '
i oen told out a few minutes before, that the chair iu j
which the lionoiahle President was then sitting, was
the very chair worn which the Declaration of Arncri
< in 11.dependence was signed, and lie hoped a second ;
edition would now be published. Wc fought then for
liberty, and must now fight for Clothes. We had
,*ecn creeping along for fifty years, without sufficient
courage to say that we will clothe ourselves; and if at
tiie etui o! halt a century wo could do so much, it vvold ,
be a great point gained fvlr S. hoped that no new j
objects won.j he presented, and that the labours of the
i (invention might not he multiplied, fi was even bis
desiie to prune down the lahois of the committees al- ^
ieady appointed; and he did hope and trust, that there'
imghi be but two great and lending objects to claim '1
tire lutiire attention t.. this convention.
f he motion was then withdrawn, and the Conven
tion then adjourned’
August 1st, 13 27.
xt.xn sr .suiN.
■M Ib o’clock the Convention was called to order.
* >'i motion of Mr. Granger, of Mew York, the term
i-iml coimnitiee’ the committee of 2G bras changed
to general committee.
Mr. Tibi.its, from the General Committee, presen
ted the following:
litsolf ui, Thai a committee of nine members he up
pointed to enquire into and submit to the Clongress ot
< lie United btafes, at its next session, such tacts as
incy may collect, tending to show the. injurious e (fee Is
upon domestic iiidustiy, of the existing revenue laws
: ihe Untied Elates, and the practice under (hern.
Tin* »es ilution, alter some discussion upon the nuin- !
ber of thp Committee, was adopted.
VIr. Bartlett, of New Hampshire, after stating that
J o had no wish to multiply the objects of consideration I
f‘jr tiie ( onvenloe, as they we:e already too numerous,
offered Ihe following:
Jtc*jtved, T liat the committee appointed to report !
e n Ihe state of trade between tl • Stains, he instructed [
to ascertain and make a stalem nt to the Convention,
Hu (lie clients of domestic manufactures upon navipa
t in and cotpinerci d interests r^noraMy.
Mr Mallory had no objection to ihe direction of dm
J esci’uli.m; bat that Committee had now to inquire, in i
dividual!)', of every member of the convention, lor the
' iforinatioti they were called upon to give, and the!
adoption oi i lie, resolution won! Iimpove upon delegate* '
the duty oi uu.ug still more fiee with their informa- i
Mr. Fiirw a*-1. <*f rensvlvania, thought that the res-1
('U.iiau w I, fuoper, hat that the lufomiation could not !
t * well obtained at tins tune and place.
Mr. Barth !! did not anticipate any opposition to oh !
taming infillmatim. He believed that vvbnt i.enefit
ted one part of the country, would he hnnriicial (o'
f er,V °lher sec*ion; domestic ecmioon did nut consist
alone in making doth, there were other 'mnufarturss
* • pfolcrt; the mant.’ae'ory of ship -, and the interest*
«• tl.cvO who ti v,gated them. He h:.1 always lived
among iiio-e *a >• < •. o< or*-' 1 u navigation, and he
believed that the '• cr-urag. ui* r.t of American nrrjufac*
tllfe3 rtO'l.il ti :;.i dir: :»> ',(,,7 protnotion of com
tfj.’ice. i * • 0.1. ■ to the t oiiV''’:it.«ri wi:l» no sectional
tcdiugs, mi.’ ri limited vice. ; t c was nut t oni:,»#d
tia single nit re •*.. and htdo •.•»••! tbit light d ."used
upiin (he | M.-iimr question would sc..! (o aid every in
Mr. I'l-cmr folti) v< d. > 1 a <■;>'’ r-,» 0f considerable
leng.ii which is >1 tc tod sh.iJi ! given a * soon
as | icsibe’.
(fen. I/arivk w is ( hi- n i inefnb'u of the ’Von
e\ .‘v ma I •'•'* • i'jon, in pi ■<•«* of J i/c I o.J. ah*‘-iit.
i'n} I'revrb’i't appointed tiie Cn»-»roitfif#> end the
Chumut'on adjourned at half p;»«t li o'che k.
VT.’nvc v *• s«| ON.
At 4 o’clock *he ConvrnP n was mdfr 1 to order.
Mr. (hirer, from the < 'omui:;lee on the prole* 'j.,n ot
»,u.'..;r,i ij&kivj a icrutT T . in: fy oji.-.i^hcai ito-ji
mutton <on:aii.ix. iu «ti<> paper, lenders it proper iii.it it
should be published; it-, length, however, precludes an 1
; immediate insertion. It recommends the manufacture
j of cotton goods to the attention of Congress. Of printed 1
(cottons, it i• stated therft were about 500,000 pieces, i
j of ^ yards each, manufactured in this country ini
each year, making about fourteen million, of yards._
I bis btaneb of manufactures would soou be worthy of!
i governmental protection.
(Jen. Talmadgo inovod that the report be suffered to J
lie on the table, until other committees should report.;
Agreed to.
Mr Hopkins,of ESevr York, effered a resolution that
no Member ought to withdraw from the Convention
without assigning satisfactory reasoiw therefor.
Mr. Wright, of Ohio, inquired the reasons for offer
mg- flip resolution.
Mr. Ilopktns observed that martv persons entered
upon the deliberations of the Convention, who might,
as the labours increased, shrink from the toil, lie
thought it proper that those who might retire should as
sign a reason.
Mr. Wright believed that assembling and departure
were ajnee voluntary, both weie and should be at the
ik will of the members; the resolution appeared to him
to >r <i upon it something like coercion; he believed it
good policy never to assert an authontv which could
n«i *c? enforce.**!. I It* concluded sotnc further rcn*arks%
• V moving that Hie resolution be indefinitely postponed.
Ot.icr dispositions- of the motion were proposed_when
Mr. Hopkins, to prevent a loss of time in the Conven
tion, withdrew the motion.
The Convention then adjourned until 10 o’clock
to morrow, in older Jo dIIutJ time to the Committees.
August '2.
mh".ninc sr si«»v.
The Convention having b-.-ecn called to order, and a
quorum present—
The Commit fee on Iron made a report, which re
commended a small increase of duty on hammered bar
iron, sous to make it £} and I 2 cents per cwt. instead
of 90 cents: and also,‘that the Committee on wool and
woollens should incorporate this subject with their me
mm ini to Congress.
Mr. Talmadge moved that the report be referred to
the Committee orfcthc memorial to Congress.- this was
done with a view to classify business. *
This motion was discussed by many gentlemen; it
appeared to be the wish of those persons who had leant
interest in manufactures, to connect iron with wool
and woollens, and to avoid too large a grusn.
Tlia speeches hove been reported.
[Irmri ilu* New York Enquirer of August 4.1
The Trial nf Strav".—We have not published the
evidence in the case of Strang, or any details of the
ii:al; not so much because it was prohibited by tbc
[court (though a respect is always due to its order) but
[ the facts of \V hippie’s death and Strang’s confession
! were known to the puhbc, and the testimony on the
trial w as a mere repetition of the circumstances, and
| '»'« admission of the deed. Resides, we do not wish
J to administer to n morbid appetite, which takes delight
; m reading accounts of blood and murder. It is sufli
eicnf to say, that his guilt is unquestionable, and bis
fate is certain; and probably a more hardened and j
ferocious villain has never been ariaigntd in a court•
of justice.
The trial of Mrs. Whipple is now progressing, on
the charge of being accessory before the fact: and the
general impression is, that she will he acquitted, as
the main proofs against her will rest with Strang, who!
though a legal witness, is still so great a monstei as to I
make men hesitate how far he is to be credited. The
moral guilt of Mrs. Whipple is placed beyond doubt
—murder and adultery have both been committed; but
she is represented to be an ignorant, silly, cLildish
woman, with bad propensities; though not’ cosidercd
i capable of designing or conniving at the it , - of
Ler 1 •• ' an 1.
Mr Whipple wa» married at the tender are of J4
and from a b« ardiug school. Her education had t,e. n
nrglec'ed; her whims x*:rl caprices had been indul-,* 1;
' trill Was unrestrained, her temper unchecked, and
her mind neither fortified fay moral nor inteilec’u.
1 r< .oouis. y, born m fortune and con
, .sidering wealth as a sovereign panacea which would
j rill up the gaps in mind and morals, she was permitted
'by her guardians to do whatever she pleased, and to
move on unrestricted in all her actions, unshackled
inker propensities. The fairest garden that ever na
ture planted could not, with such neglect, fail tube
overrun with weeds. We now see the unhappy result
—her husband murdered by Lor paramour, and herself
arraigned iu her widowed weeds before the tribunals of
her country as an accomplice. Theie have been
instances where men have fallen victims io tho seduc
live arts of women, and instigated Lv them, have
advanced step by step to crimes of high degree. It is,
however, hut jns’t to admit that the balance of evils is'
on (he side of the men, and most of the afflictions to
which women are subjected aiise from tim perfidy and
had treatment of the men.
In this case it is probable that Strang, finding her
a weak woman, availed hunsclf of the advantages which
he possessed as so inmate of the house and led her on
j to ruin, and then, with the hope obtaining her hand
i and tortmie, barbarously assassinated he. unsuspecting
jhusband. °
/ill this goes to show the great importance of training
I tip a child in the paths of virtue and itligion. Parents
anil guardians arc not always aware of the great respon
sibility in bringing up children. Easy, tranquil and
quietly disposed persons, prr fer to wink at faults in ear
J !y life, in order to avoid disputes, quarrels and dirticul
] tics. The indulgent parent cannot I/ear to reprove a
j frownrd child, but it is as necessary as indispensable,
and as much a rnat'er of duty as the higlrest obligations
j imposed on man. Eet offences in early life bo always
■ punished, or they will lead to crime. j'et a high lingo
: vernablc tcrnper.be severely checked and kept within
hound-; let pride, Indolence, extravagance and igno
rance he put to sliarnc; (here is rio child attaining man
1 iiord with honor, that will no! bless a parent for a rigid
1 discharge of his dntv. when he was in hi3 infancy; and
none more apt (o curse the author of his being, if he is
allowed, unchecked, to grow up in vice and perish in
From the Albany Aigus of Saturday.
Tim People, in,
vs \ Murder—arcessrary be
Elsie D. Whipple. \ hre ,hc fdCt
l’nri»AY, August 3.
On the opening o< the court tins morning, Judge I)ucr
pronounced the opinion of the court upon the question
rawed and argued las* n'ghl, whether Htrang, the priii
! cipp.l in the felony, and wherewith the accused stood
charged as an accessary, should he admitted to testify
r rg jin t the accused. The Judge slated, that upon an
j examination of the authorities, the court had come U>
' the conclusion, that there was no doubt bill that a per
! son, though convicted of a eiirjie, is a competent nit
' rss in all cases until the ju Igment upon that conviction
pronounced against him. It bad been said that the
common opinion was, that a conviction alone rendered
idin incompetent; but tha*. the court said, was not the
i Iv.v: It is not the conviction, but the judgment, that
creates the disability in -itch rises,
i an accomplice, Strang i n competent yitnesx.—
Oh-SH the con vie'ion *:)iH ji/tl-'incnt are proved. A|
wnness i-> n rt incompetent iro.ri intamy of character, !
1 * 1may * if jrmlfy of an intarnou^ j
r'Moe. Moris it a sullicent objection to h»s compe
tency that he has been an aci unpiiec in guilt wi’li the
pn-oorr at the Far. The evidence of accomplices has
, ,rf'r' af !,F tinies a hnifed, from a pnnciple of public!
. policy, and from «HT-iiy. as is warcrly po-s.blc to!
ecteet many of tlm worst enmes without their informa-!
. ** K not w<wr- a toiler Ote. nr«e, to admit an i
of. older as a witness on tha tr, 1 of i,„ accomplice, but i
tim court will either admit or disallow such evidence
i as in their di crelion may most effectually answer the ■
( urpmes of j'ISf ic ».
Thw ease then addresses itself to the discretion of the |
j k not to ll.e.r Mtdgmeiit a. to the competency of the !
j 'v,t*if s. t,nf to,their d. :::e'ion, whether on a piinciple!
• >f pu’dre policy aid if. furtherance of public justice.!
ivr ' Of' r-n c< ’ ' d . J ac r«ctm led !cd;fy agaiott!
luc uctu-cii* A case hasaiUcu in Ibis stale, v.Lere a,
principal was admitted as a witness against hisacccssa
ries. I refer, said the judge, to the case of Jack Hod
ges, a negro man, who testified against Cotickling and
another, at an oyer and terminer in tlic county of
Orange. The question of the competency of the wit
ness was not discussed in that case, but he was admitted
in the sound discretion of the court under the circum
stances os that case. — [The judge here stated the cir
cumstances of (lint case, going to shot/ that tlio*«/ieA*
was technically the priucipal, the accessaries against
whom he testified, iu a moral point of view, were more
guilty than the witness, as they had seduced and btibed
hitn with the hope of freedom, bo being a slave, to
perpetrate the crime ] After Le had testifiod, ho was
pardoned by a special act of the Legislature, and it is
now insisted, that if Strang, the principal in the felony
which has been committed, is permitted to testify, ho
also will be entitled to a pardon on the implied promise,1
j that if he makes a full and fair confession of the whole
■ truth he shall have the benefit of a pardon. -*-Tlie judge
| here discussed a* some length the principle governing
j the grauting of pardons in 9<lch Cases, and came to the
conclusion, that if the convict strictly and amply peTfor<
i med tlio condition of the implied promise, vi/.: that he
j told the whole truth to the satisfaction of the court, whe
j thorthc person against whom he testified was convicted
! or acquitted, he had an equitable claim upon the court
’ to a recommendation for mercy, and a legal claim
! upon the government for pardon; upon which principle,
he as a member of the legislature, voted for a pardon to
| Jack Hodges, though in that case. Jack Hodges had
: been expressly told by the presidingjtidge, that he must
■ not expect or hopo for pardon, though lie should dis
, close all the circumstances of the case; still, supposing
; that it was not in the power of the court to limit the
I operation of the law, the person convicted having per—
; tunned the condition upon which an implied promise
j on (he part of the government is raised, be thought
! him entitled to a pardon.
I Xhese homg the general rules applicable to cases of
this kind, it only remained to apply them to the case at
the bar. From the evidence before the cfnirt, it appear
j oil that Strang, ti e principal in (his case, meditated the
murder lie committed for the space of six months; that
( he had an elicit intercourse with the prisoner at the
• bar; .that lie liad expressed himself determine.! to have
j her if it cost him his life, and proposed lo take her with
j him lo Canada. lie is about 30 years of age, not de
ficient in experience; on the contrary, artful and de
ceptive, passing himself off as an unmarried man, and
under a false and assumed name. The character in
which he appears before the court as to his participa
tion in the crime which has been committed, is not
that of a technical but of a real principal—not as an
instrument used by the prisoner to get rid of her hus
band, hut as the seducer of the prisoner to obtain pos
session of her person and property. The prisoner at
at the bar appears as a young woman, now about 25
years of age; married at the early age of It or lf> to
her late husband, possessed ol property to a considera
ble amount; ofacharrcter light, frivolous, weak, vain,
imprudent and wicked, and guilty to a certain extent;
a fit instrument in the bauds of a designing man, but
destitute of those qualities which might be supposed
to have swayed the rnitid or controlled the actions
of tire person with whom sho had an illicit inter
course. Had the case been reversed, mid she pre
sented as a woman of experience, of strength of mind
and energy of character, who had lived unhappily
with her husband, anil expressed a determination to
get rid of him—who had selected as her paramour a
youth of inexperience, and by the seductions of her
person and her fortune, had induced him to commit
the murder, in the exercise of their discretion, the
j court would not have hesitated loaddrees him as a wit
| ness, and on a full disclosure of the fact6, to have ro
j < < rrm>ended him tu mercy.
Tiii* case, however, re.es on very different ground*; and
, the Tiirrt must now say, wd.:ther public polir y nod the
| advancement of justice, requires that Strang, the principal,
shall l e admitted to testily to pr--’ • •* ; .. „r
too accused, at tho hazard of entitling him to a pardon!
fmm the punishment which await* him lor the crime in* has
vniunuited. It he: is admitted amt makes a full disclo
sure, whether the prisoner is convicted or not, he has an
equitable title to the interposition of she court, which upon
their oaths they are bound to allow; it will uot then be a
matter of discretion with thatn, hot a ground of ctnim
which will he irresistible; and to recommend him to mercy j
is not what the court feel disposed to do. Thu ennclus-oi),;
therefore, is, that Jess* Strang cannot be admitted a* .1 ;
j witness.
Tire Judge here added some remarks ns to the re'spnttsi- I
bilily which trad been thrown upon the court, and their |
willingness to asstnne it, notwithstanding the excitement
which these trials tied excited. They trusted thev could
net be influenced by any consideration other than to see
the laws faithfully and impartially administered: and if in l
the decision they had made, they had ened, they uronld j
have the satisfaction of knowing that they had erred on the 1
side of nierev.
" hen the Judge sat down, nn expression of approba
tion, not only of tbe eloquent and feeling manner in which
the opinion was pronounced, but probably also of the con
clusions at which it arrived, manifested itseif throughout
the crowded auditory,but was immediately rcpicsscd by the !
cnur: and the officers.
After a few moments the district attorney, (Mr. Livings*!
’ton) arose and observed, that upon consultation with bis j
associate counsel, they had come to the conclusion, that [
from the facts which had already been adduced, and the i
remaining testimony which it was in their power to pm-I
(luce, being of so slight a character as not materially to'
i affect the case, the jury would uot be vvarreWdTn con- j
victing the prisoner, and inasmuch as under the decision of i
the court, the testimony o* Strang could not be admitted,!
they would abandon the prosecution.
Judge Doer. That is a matter in the discretion of the j
public prnsecutcr, and the court will not attempt to control |
him in the exerrisr. of that diseiction, but they apprise the 1
public prosecutor, that if a motion had been made by tbe I
counsel of the prisoner, for her discharge, on the ground of!
want of testimony, the motion would have been denied. |
If the testimony which remained was of a slight nature, it
might have been cause for resting the prosecution upon the
evidence already adduced, hut nut for discharging the pit- 1
District Attorney. Under this intimation from the court,
without having changed my opinion, 1 wish to be considered
as rerting the prosecution, and call upon the prisoner fur
her defence.
Mr. Font. There is some difference of opinion, perfectly
• it'd and friendly however, between the district attorney I
and mysrif. In consequence of the suggestions of the!
.-nnit, he now appears to put the prisoner on her defence, j
Satisfied, mysrif, that she cannot and ought not to be con-'
fitted upon the testimony given, and which is still in the •
power of the. pnblit prosecutor to produce, I have advised j
the prosecution to be abandoned, considering the intimation ■
of the cnuit, only as an expiession of opinion, that in a '
criminal case the jury should he permitted to pronounce
upon the evidence, instead of stopping the trial by the court j
as is done in civil cases when there, is a defect of testimony, j
Mr. Van Vechten observed, that alter the candid atlinis- !
sions marie* by the counsel for the prnsecutinu, the counsel •
for tbe prisoner would not call nny witnesses, though they '
and it in their power to shew strong explanatory testimony,'
and would submit the case to tiie charge of the court. j
Judge Durr, after adverting to what had just transpired,
and without recapitulating the testimony, submitted the '
case to the consideration of the jury. He cautioned them I
:<> lank only at the evidence, which aQ'rcted tbe guilt or !
innocence of the prisoner in relation to the charge for which
she was upon trial. As to the evidence which had been
adduced shewing imr guilt in other respects, he advised
them to say to her. is tiie court were disposed to say, and
as the Saviour of the world said upon another occasion, j
“fin, and sin nn more.”
The jury, without leaving their scat?, found a verdict ^
This unrortoDa'e, and, to a dreadful extent, certain
ly criminal woman, has escaped from the arm ofretri- \
bistive J'is'icc in this world. So enormous is Ihc orime i
of wb;ch she has been aernred, that charity can find
no pica to urge, that the mantle of oblivion may br
thrown over h; r profligacy and her guilt. H'e respect, i
however, the wre and sound legal rule, by which no '
one is to be considered guilty, but on (he contrary,
mint be deemed innocent, until convicted by jitdg- i
mr-nt of law Let her therefore, ‘Go and sin no more.’'
It is not her youth, nor the remains of personal at'iac ;
• ions, nor her being possessed of some property, nor I
th* rosace’,ability and pnmbcr of her connexions, n<?r1
ti.c natural compassion wi.idr would avert f,*yn i do...
cate female, a painful and ignormoiuu* death, that lias
rescued her from punishment. Not any, nor all of theso
circumstances would have weighed a feather in tIm
balance, had the evidence been sufficient (o convict
her—nor would they have arrested, fora moment, ihe
execution 01 the awful sentence which would have Wen
consequent on conviction. She has now a longer tin,,,
for repentance, before she appear* at a bar, where in
formalities of witnesses and testimony are unknown_
This world, if she has the ordinary feelings of nature,
can present only a desolate waste to her contemplation
£he can look only to some siditary nook, where she
may tilde her henc) until she is summoned to her Inst
account. Before that time comes, may she have made
her peace with the Judge fium whose sentence there
is no appeal.
Our correspondent at Albany informs us that when
1 'be verJict of 'Wot Guilty" w as pronounced, .n, i„vo| ,
uutary expression of approbation aroso from {ho f | ro
tators, but the prompt and energetic discipline of the
Court soon restored order. Yne prisoner w:,s leaning
with her face on the table, and indicated no jxirticuiar
emotion on hearing her acquittal. The court directed
no otic should be allowed to gratify idle curiosity
by endeavouring to catch a glimpse of her features,
which were concealed by a thick veil. Sho retired
apparently supported by the constables. The crowds
which thronged the avenues and vestibule of the ca»
p-.tol, showed their satisfaction at the remit in their
countenances. Thus has terminated this painful inves
ligation.—The ability and impartiality of the tribunal
before which the trials have been held, speak vo
lumes m prats® of the excellence of our jurisprudence.
A slip from the Albany Argus furnisiivs the follow
ing account of the closing scene, on Sutuidav.
T/tr Sentence.—At half past y o’clock this mornin~
[ Strang was conducted into court. Ho came in between
1 constables, his head inclined for ward, his eyes b .recast
[and his whole appearance indicating a sense of guilt
i and the apprehension of punishment. He had been
; sustained hitherto prohahlj by the excitement of tlm
I occasion; by possible lapses in the trslimom: aud by
I wi •prOSp<’Ct "I'prarirrg as a wirness against Mrs.
| »> hippie: But the decision of the court, which exclu
j ded his testimony, and the abrupt termination of the
(nal, in tha acquittal of Mrs. \V. had removed any un
: real ex;-nation that had been indulg, ,1 in, and 'with
■ ,,,em hR,J “h ‘he previous assumptions of rorfi
• denceand composure. He was much n~,tried aid
wont aloud. During the interval between the cc’inir
in or the court and the passing of the sentence, the
i prisoncrs.it leaning forivaul upon the table, fjcnuent
. *>' seeping a,,J applying a handkerchief to his face,
j At eic-ven o clock, the district attorney said,—1 now
| move for sentence of the court, in pursuance of the ver
j diet against Joss^e Strang.
j i ne Court addressing the prisoner, said: you have
j T0.?” ,n<!,c,*d hy l,,e uioiirst of the county of
Albany lor the crime of m.mW, the murder of John
j Whipple. To that indictment you have pleaded not
guilty, and for your deliverance put yen,self upon rout
I country. A jury of your country Lnve passed upon
, bat issue, and by their verdict, have convicted von, :-nd
I have found you guilty of the murder of the ia'-d Jul,n
Whipple. It now remains for yon, if you have anv
| thing to say, why the sentence of the law should not he
i pronounced against you, to oll'er it for the consideration
; 9l the court. [The prisoner remaining silent, Judo-e !
| Duer proceeded to address and sentence the criminal
■ which painful duty he discharged in a very solemn, !
I ‘ee‘mg, ar,d appropriate manner; adding that fioin res I
j pcct for the feeling of his aged respectable parents, !
which had been so deeply lacerated bv Ins crimes and !
misconduct. Ins body would not be delivered over to
j the surgeons fur dissection, but would be given into
their chargefbr bu;ia!;and concluding with the follow
mg sentence:’
fliar you Jesso Strang, be taken hence to tbo place
.rota whence yn„ came, and there reror.m m the ctis
lody ot the sIierriF, until 1', :d-i>j, the 24th dmj <d\hr*tist, !
•\S.ar.l, and bo Mum taken t!.cr;cc by the sari sherid
some convenient place, and there between tiie hours
rt \2 at noon and J o’clock in the afternoon be huu"
l>y lho neck until you r.re dead: And may God, •. our !
[Creator, Cod, your Iiodeeiner, and God, vourhancti-i
Uer, have mere) on your soul!
The court and auditory were sensibly r.dieted- and 1
the prisoner seemed to feel lb* solemnities of a moment
so awful in reference to himself. T he large concmse
of spectators then retired; and at a proper time the pri
soner ;v;rs re—conveyed to prison_[Cow. Slav.
Fr.our.acr.. (At-ab.) Jci.y 12,-Cnl. Brf.ap.t.y, who
accompanied a deputaiion of Creek Indians, who were
.U\ »»«* country Wist of the Mississippi,
winch has been nppropiiatcd to that portion of the Creel,
nation, who are willing to emigrate, passed through this
place a few clays since with a part of tiie. deputation on
their return to the Creek nation. Tim hiiormiiti ,» he
t;ivrs, is, that t'oe Indians aic highly delighted with the
j country they hme seen, so much so, that lie be.'ieie* l:c
will be able to prevail upon a large majority of the (jrerk
nation m eoi-.ate. He «ivrs it as Ins opinion, that the
whole nation may be induced to remove in a short time
lIis intention is, to return to the new territory roily in the
Fail with such part of the nation as he ran induce to
morc. The-emigrating Indians are to he furt.ishco with
many necessaries aud implements: of husbandry, and a
rifle gun, and are to receive thirty dollars mrii after their
arrival at their new-homes, nr.d to he supplied with one
year’s provisions Col. Brearlv is to he the agent of the
Creeks who emigrate, and will use all honorable mean*
to prevent the difficulties tr> which Alabama w ill be ry-o
xrd, if the whole Creek nation should be forced within i’r.
1 limits of our State.
7. :
Chaiit.estov, August 1. j
Smgulnr nmi JUrndm* llarbirilx— About two r.a.s
ago. two young coloured female children were taken
a'vny from the possession of their Mistress, a young
T.ady of this city and although suspicion; were strong
ly excited and repeated investigations had taken place, ’
the perpetrators of this violation of (he laws, escaped
detection until the evening before last. An anoriy :
mous communication was then received bv Mr H/.r.-i
tati, an Acting Magistrate of this city, and the!
Guardian of theyoung lady whose properly tlier were, ;
directing him to search the bouse of a five coloured
woman, named Hannah Elliott, in Gibbs street, nn-!
der the boor of which limy were stated to be c inroal
cd. Mr. S altar. accompanied by a friend and ado !
tachment ot the Guard, proceeded to the spot_'
Avhere a uio.ttioniJ spectacle met their sight. Go re
moving the bedstead in the room, a scuttle was found J
cur iu the fl ior, which was raised, and discovered t:n
der it a hole into which bad crept the wrcchcd chil
dren. half immersed in water and entirely without
clothing. Their place of confinement had been be
neath 11)0 joists of the house and tlic earth—without'
sufficient elcvstion to allow them to stand, and scarce j
ly to sit up—and perfectly excluded from the hglit I
and almost from the air—It is not yet known what!
length of time they have been confined; but from con- |
versiog with tue elder of the children, an intelligent
girl ot about twelve years of age, we should suppose •
it to bp near a twelvemonth. Isiic says she lias been
there one Christmas, and one Fourth of July, as she i
gathered from the observations of tbe persons who
brought them food.
The parties suspected of this diabolical act are the
free woman, Hannah Elliott, and her sister Judy, o
slave, both aunts to the children; hut their motives '
«rc not exactly understood, though it i» supposed they
were to avoid the pursuit of justice.
Shytltfr Johnson, a young man formerly employed, ■
in driving the Stage between West Union and f ink ng \
Spring, was, during the late term of the United .Spates’ i
Circuit Court for the Pivtrict of Ohio, found g ully of
stealing sundry letters out of the Mail, and scntencf^
to ten years confinement in the Penitentiary.
A dreadful accident happened a few d-iys slr.ee at
IMaucb (.hunk. One oflhe cars laden ivjth coal, which
was on the rail road, broke looie from the ropes, and
ran with immense velocity down the declivity of tho
railway, until it came to a precipice, over which it fell,
killing and wounding several mao who were at work
I .. IVi.n-Uni.CASS, July |a.
! <-«*"»nodurc i onri.rt nnd suite, armed in this city
ij" Utr,ll,.y i*. the stcam-boat Hercules,
.from the bailee.—1 he Commodore had taken passage
ij on hoard the schooner Trimmer, for
\ora C ru/. hut sjcbv.ag sprung her foremast, *as
obliged to put sn at lh.- Bahxe to get another.
_ 2?OiITICjax._. "
t"'r«n,x the National Intelligencer.
f Though the statement* which tiic following letter goes t,»
r.-lutn have not f >und their way into the National Intelli
gencer, yet, feeling a disposition to oblige the writers, »t
"s serrc the cause of truth, we comply wit.i
t.ieii request to give it n place in our column*.]
Wur.Et.itfo, 2J5nt Jeer, 1827.
<• I 'r'V VI,FS . Sr.-VTos: Have the goodness to pub-*
..'!i t.ie following in the Intelligencer, and oblige u«
n order to prevent misapprehension in ,0
c.icumstances under which Mr. Clay, while in Wheeling,
obtained a sight of General Jackson's letter to Carter Be
verly, and a copy oi the same, the undersigned make t!.»
tallowing statement:
I That, immediately after Mr. Clays arrival here from
. teubenville. on the morning of the 21th ult. he was in
formed that Mr. Zanc wished to see him, anii was in nos
; session ot Gvn. Jackson's letter to Mr. Beverly, whereby
| the Genera avowed that he had made the declaration
ascribed to him in the l ayetteviilc letter. Mr. Clay thcic
| ,<uc. visj,e'l ‘V,r- Zai.e, who, in our presence, preseutcl
| to loin the General's letter. After having read it through,
j -kJr* l l rein.ttke<l that no propositions of similar hn
j port to those stated, had hern made with his know-led
. authority, or concurrence, and was glad that the accti
. nation had now assumed a shape in which it could ho
[met. Mr. Zanc said that he had obtained the letter mi
lder a pledge to return if, hut would furnish Mr. Clay
jwith a copy. Mr. Clay replied that a copy could mit
be taken in time for him, as the steam Imat in which In*
j uad encaged his passage, was, or soon w ould be, read-.
,tnc0, oft. He tut tied to Mr. McClure, the Postmastei.
ami asked the favour of him to forwaid him a copy to
j Gexington. Mr. McClure expressed an opinion that a cony
: could be made out in time for Mr. Clay: for thesteai.i
I boat would probably not start for some time, as ker fir^*
. gun had not yet filed. Sir. McClure inquired whether
! Mr. Beverly's letter to Mi* Zane ought not to l>« copied._
! ‘*r- -'>’>d i’ might be well to do so, if time would
j peimit. Gen. Jackson's letter (the other we did not sec)
; was therefore handed to a gen lcmao present to copy.
; no olhei person of the company pres-ut read the General's
I U;'\cr’ Nor <‘id Mi. < \ ly read any part of it aloud, excep
1 ting that, rt ton thereof whir h related to the overture, and
\ ..e channel through which it had been communicated t,>
Gen. Jackson.
i *'°"n ilfu'r ‘he letter hail been delivered to be copied,
Mr Clay took leave of Mr Zone, and returned to Mr
Simms's. On the copies balng finished they were sent to Mr
Olay. Mr Clay did not to our knowledge, Hnd we were
present during the whole interview, lequesl Sir Zntje t-»
| attest either copies; nor wtis any thing said on the subject
by him. J
^ e believe the above statement offarts to be correct: blit
hav« not the advantage of a personal conference with
Mr Zaur, who is now absent on his way to New York by
by way of the C<i« »!.
.1/ the Richmond Manufactory, opposite the Unity*
TUK s,,bscr*bcr rPf!l>e,'tfully informs the farmers at..I
JL planters, that he has now on hand, a greater variety
of PLOUGHS than has ever before been offered iu this
market—Among which, ore McCormick’s one, two and
toree horse, sell sharpeners, his barshare, with late im
provements; Revercornb s and the improved bnrsharc; nisi’,
: rceboi a and other cast ploughs, unusually cheap.
,l,,g 1 ^_ _w vepalmeR.
l Oll KALE.
rffllU sub liber wishes to sell that well known estate
JL railed rO'iKERINCAV, situated on tin
mam A -.stein \ abt> road, in the county of Montgomery_
luinteen miles uc.-t ol Salem in Botetourt county, amt mv
Loiii rides of the Roanoke Itiyer, containing between SOD
and lOOO acres; nearly five bundled acies of which is firs!
rate bottom bind, suited to hemp, corn, nr tobacco.
T i is is one of the best improved, most fertile and beau—
f irms above the Blue Ridge: ihc fencing is generally of
locuat p Ms. The improvements ronsist of a handsome two
story brick dwelling house, kitchen, ice house, cairiage
l-.oose, Sec. a fine barn, good stable, (with w ater taken in
P'pes to it.) a good MILL, and one of tbe finest DISTIL
LERIES in tbe country, which has two hundred acres 0»
wood-land attached and enclosed for a hog pasture. The
overseer’s house nod negro quarters are. veiy comfortable.
In short, the whola of the improvetm ins are new, neat, and
built in the most substantia I manner. There is oho st
building on the premises,rented as a TAVERN stand, and
ore of the best in the country, at which there is a Post
Oi.-ire, where the mail running East and West daily arrive-.
He also Wishes to sell his over ti,«
Alleghany mountain, b. ginning not far from Folheringar,
being among the hist stock in Virginia. The law authori
sing this load vests in the subscriber a perpetual estate, nn !
requires that \hc nett profits arising from the tolls should
yield nn interest of not les- than 6 or more than 15 p-r rent,
on t! e original co-t. ($-40,000.) It has for several rear*
varied from K> to 11-J.
Also—Several small TRACI’S OF LAND on sail
Turnpike road.
The above piopcrty is very valuable—it will be ro’-i
“/o.-e, ’ and on rerp lilu,-nt terms. Application can be tmui-s
to Col. Bernard Peyton, or Lancaster & Dcnby, in Rich
mond, or by letter to GEO. HANCOCK.
11 nt? 11 — St Fothering.iy, \ h,
Chesterfield Land for £alc.
npHK subscriber offers for sale a Tract of Land contain,
jfi. in* 50>i acres, lying in C.hpstrrfn ld ennuiy, tliice nuh;
from Bermuda Hundred. I bis tmet adjoins the lands r '
John Archer and Toward il. Boisseau, and extends r»>
.tames l.i'.e.r opposite to Cuiis. About two hundred ncirs
of this land are inclosed and in cultivation; the balanro
r.i li timbered with oak and j>ine, Convenient to tbc rfvri,
and the whole adapted to the cultivation of com, wheat
and clover, and susceptible of high improvement. Tbtoo
t.e.sirous of purchasing are invited to cal! on the subscriber
living near, who will take pleasure in shewing the larrtl.
Should this lat rl not be sold before the 2d day of October
ne:;t. it wid, on tliat day, be offered to the highest bidder
on the premises. Terms, one third cash, the balance iu
two arm ml instalments. For particulars, refer to E. & A .
Hubbard, auctioneers, Richmond.
aug i2 — 121 , TITOS. STRATTON.
T I ST published in pamphlet form, and for sale at it '
r* the Po’, ;.itnrc* :n the city, the tiial and conviction rj
•he Thn e Spaniard*, who are now under sentence of dratb,
to he executed on the 17th inst. for PIRACY and MCI! -
I'l'l!, committed on board the Brig Crawford, of Troy,
(Mass.) together with the scheme which was adopted ! >
take ti'w-r -ionof t!ie vessel; and a most interesting account
of the life of the Ringleader. 1 Jr. Alexander Tard'/, an old
J and experienced pirate, and man killer, who rut his own
1 throat in Hampton Reads, when he found his escape im .
I practicable. The boldness and rruelty of this monster, has
j scarcely a parallel in any country—he seemed to delight
! ill tlv destruction of man, and has been often heard to
j boast during his frequent imprisonments for his diabolical
| orii re- in various parts of the United States, that he had
| committed mote murders than any other man in the worTH,
nits» fit i r
I rincrxiA:
j At rule1., hol ’ru in the ejerk's off.re of the superior court
of chancery for the Richmond di.-tiict, the 2d day of
! July, 1227:
Edmund Bullock, - - . J'ff,
a gainst
Crorgc Coleman and i-.i; »on John Henry Coleman, Chains
Thompson,jr. John M. Price, - - J)f'a.
The defendants C.-orgo Coleman and his son Jolio Henry
Coleman, not having entered tht-ir appearance and given
' entity according t.» the act of assembly and the rnTrs of
t':i- ro-.ut, a .id it appearing by sat: factory evidence, that
They are not inhabitants of this country; it is ordered, that
i the mid defendants do appear here on tr.e fir»t day of the
! next term and answer the nil! of the plaintiff; and that a
i mpy of this o.der be forthwith inserted in soma newspaper
I published in ini’ ciiv ol Richmou I, for two months spie.
j res-ivcly, and posted at the front door of the capital, in
i the said city.
• r,(i Au’T.y. Teste, IVi*. W. HP.NrNG,<t. 7,

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