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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, October 17, 1827, Image 2

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TU11F.8. *
Tim project of employ ing slave labor in the mnnu-|
fiieturc of coarse cotton ami oilier coarse goods, which >
is now agitated in Virginia, aeJ some of the other i
Southern States, is pregnant with the most salutary l
consequences to those States, and bids fair to extricate*
them from the difficulties, under which they labor, an.l
have labored for years, and tn diffuse prosperity far and
wide wherever it is adopted. It will turn to a valuable
.•-■count a great mass of labor, a large portion of which
• w wholly unemployed. Among its beneficial re
• **i will be, to render the slaves more valuable—to
cure them more indulgent treatment—to improve
-.teir faculties—and accelerate their tiluess for final
•mancipation. Its effects, moreover, on the nation at
huge, will be highly salutary, by removing the jeal
ousies and heart-burnings, that prevail on ihe subject
of the protecting system, which is very erroneously
supposed by the Soothe.ru States, to operato not inure
for the exclusive benefit of the middle and Eastern
Stat«8* b,,t 1° ffreat injury of the Southern. It will
th-refute tend to knit more closely the bonds of uni
on between the different sections of the country.
1 is not too much, considering the numerous benefits
. ‘.his project, to say that lie who first broached it, may
l" regarded as a public benefactor.
In order to test the advantages of the project, I shall
institute a comparison between the result of slave la
oor thus employ ed, aiv I free labor. However, not be
ing a manufacturer, nor an owner of slaves, I do not
j.releud to ciitical accuracy—but shall endeavor to
approximate to it as near as possible, inviting those
'i.oier acquainted with the subject, to canvass my state
.'lent rigorously, and should it be fcuud incorrect, as it
■ obably will be, to point out its urrors. My chief ob
<•' is to provoke discussion, whereby the truth may
' d must eventually be elicited, on a subject not viehU
<g in impoi (ance to any that has foi a long time occu—
•cd public attention.
1 shat! assume, on tlie one side, a cotton manufactu
y with 100 freo operatives, principally young females,
-ning on the average 200 cents per week; and on the !
other, one worked hv as many slaves young and old, j
who do only thtec-fouilha as much as the whites, i. e.
execute the work of which the wages of free labor
would be a dollar and fifty cents per ivcck.
Free Latibr.
100 operatives, earning on an average .J2 per
week—l;J0:;2.'c52=.)er annum in wagejj,
Suppose the -nods produced equal to five times
the amount of the wages, the result would he $52 000
Suppose 1-i per cent.on $.',2,000, for profit, wear
an 1 tear, and for superintendence, equal to .<6,500
Deduct for superiuleudeno'v * <1,500
Wear and tear, ' 509
-- 2.000
.Vet proti»,
Slttrf Labor.
10v) slaves, whose work, if execim.l he free per
sons, v mild cost for each, 150 cents per week
— 100x150x52= .$7,800
Five fold as before, cvj nftft
per cent, on <J9,C00, ' ’
Suppose, to stimulate the. slaves to industry, they
receive,gratuities through the year, amounting
„ . $2,000
Support of slaves, at $10 per annum, 3.200
Interest on $10,000,supposed coat of slaves, 600
Superintend,nice, , j -qq
Wear and tear, GUU
$ 1.870
Remains, £4,879
Thus it appears, tf iny calculation be not extremely
erroneous, tiial slave labor would, contrary lo the pro
railing opinion, he more profitable than free.
I take no account, on either side, of the interest of
the capital fixed or circulating.
The plan will make an immense difference in the
prospects of tlmse slave holding States which mav a
dopt it. The labor of slaves of both sexes, who may
be employed in this way, particularly including the
very young ones, cannot at present average more than
ten dollars per annum, but suppose we allow twenty
dollars, the 105 slaves taken info the preceding ealeu
Jation, would produce only 2000 dollars per°annum.
Whereas, employed in manufactures, they would pro
nee—according lo the preceding estimate, more than
' u'lle that sum. This regards merely the individu
■lual owners of slaves. Higher considerations arise,
ns regards the slave States. The money notv employ
od tu purchase the contemplated articles in the other
l-tates or in Europe whereby the Southern States arc
impoverished, will he retained at home, to invigorate
their industry, and enrich their citizens. Another con
sideration demands serious attention. This processI
will diminish the number of the cultivators of the 6oil I
• -of course diminish the gluts of the market—and, fur \
■ex, increase the home market for their edible pro
mt.", by the conversion of producers into consumers.
Some of the most valuable water power in the HnU
'd States, pet haps in the world, is to be found in Vjr
tl'nia and Maryland—provisions are cheap —the raw
material is raised oQ the spot—the labor proposed to be
rmloyed is a di ug. These are the grand elements on
hich to elect the noble edifice of Southern prosper- '
1 anticipate one objection—that slaves cannot be
converted into manufacture!s. This objection is set
n-ide by the fact that in many places they are thus con
verted. J11 Kentucky, there are large, extensive and
profitable manufactories of cotton bagging, the opeia- 1
lives ol which are, without a single exception, slaves. 1
Tiieio are various manufactories in .other parts of the'
Western States, conducted in a similar mode. These '
facts, 1 trust, settle the qur-tion beyond controversy. '
rhiiidtlphla, (J2, 1827. HAMILTON. '
Fritmihc Tsjachhur* Virginian* October 10.
A .\ Tl-J A C KS( IN MEET1 ,\G.
At a meeting of the citizens of f.y nchburg . opposed
to the election of Gen. Andrew Jackson to ttie Pres
idency of the (Jailed States, held at the Eraoklin Ho ■
’et, on Tuesday last, Christopher Winfrbe, Esq.
Vlayor) whs called to the Chair, and Ai.hon* McDa.n i
! r., Esq. (Recorder) and Ricizaro II. Toler wereap
t • >; ed Secretaries. 1
• )»iion a Committee consisting of Messrs. !
i lorrison, Geo. \V. Nelson, John M. Oiey, s
• i .i w'.1.1 It, I) ivid U. lidley, James \V. l’cgram ]
if. Cabell, was appointed to prepare res- 1
, .or the consideration of llio met ting; who. after
- retired, made the following report, which was
. ed l >
Th»; Committee appointed lo prepare and odor to this
meeting resolutions apriroprrate to the present occasion
big Ifiii'e to submit (tie following report:
Your committee, in common w ith most of their fel
low ci(»z in, have not failed to form an opinion on the '
two conflicting constructions of the constitution winch
divide the country; anti were the question now whether]
a candidate professing iha one, or a candidate profes- j
sing the other, should tie prefcritil, there is not much
doubt that a m ij.irity of this meeting would he found
on the side of strict construction, and favoring thecandi
cate who so profited him;; If, unless perhaps that cwudi- !
date weie such a person as Gen. Andrew Jackson, i
*:t't it appears to your committee lliat there is no pre- !
' vuce now set up lliat tin-cau-e of st-ict construe
tion i- to gain one jot by the substitution of Gcu. i
J.ic.k or» for ttie present iomirntnent-. and the condition
i . tliinu may well be judg'd by tin ludicrous exulta
Irairof the leading junto I >f Virginia that (|,c manv j
endeavors to convince TVnn«vlvaoi:i that Gen. Jack-i
r m is n<!vr r-r In llie tariff Ri',l fail at last. It is mat- |
• " r of v. in-iryt iliori to (i.c individual members of the
cure n. 'lee, tint if now at variance with (tie majority :
t-f I'irguea, at! schism will be bealcd (be rnomont Jf
f;(bn. Jack son’s electro, and' Virginia will bn oppo
Fed * »J.•,ri and Irs latitudinous measure’ with united 1
bucklers mvl unbroken unanimity.
Y-ir roimni'lee deed ire that, a'ter considering fhr
who'c course of the oppo-;li<,n to fhc present adminis-j
fralion. tb'’va<-/« ernsvinced, ti.at, in by far the larger :
narr, j: t ■'■foin. ii,*t nn;*-in. ml, ' p, ewlirr on
foundation bill the bullied, refuted and wholly dissipu-;
led charge of corruption in Hie Inte election, but res
ting, in fact, first, in hatred of the North, and second,!
on personal jealousy and malice against the Secrela- !
r y of Slate, heightened, if not originating, from hunger
for otace—! hat them has been some reasou for oppo
sition from Virginia and thu States professing the strict
construction, to aliuut the same degree that there was |
to Mr. Monroe’s last years, your committee agree: but j
the rancorous opposition of (lie Virginia school, when j
it has even inclined them to Gen. Jackson, who, with
his thousand peculiar faults, has, in common with the
President, latitudmiuus principles, they can ouly atlii- \
hute to an irreconcilable hatred of the once federal ]
North; and to the portentous circumstances that the tone |
to feeling in Virginia has been given by two Senators
who never had a place in the heart of Virginia, iu the
glorious days of Jeflersou; and finally, that u man has
j lisen to the helm of the Stale whom the-mild voice of
I Madison may rebuke in vaio.
| . \ our committee declare that there are very few pub
lic characters in America whom they would not pie*
; icr to Gen. Jackson. With not one earthly qualifica
tion for the Presidency, that is not in its essence merely
military, through life marked up to a late age with al
j most every species of vicious habit not inconsistent with
personal boncaty, lie had never imagined himself <jual
i 'f'cd by nature or education for even subordinate ci
i vil stations, till this unequalled crisis has made known
| to him and bis friends the innate fitness of a pure mil
! itarv chieftain for the highest civil otlicc iu the land.
Your committee canuot consent to substitute this
man. thus to be brought iu, for one who, tho’h c dis- j
sent from us in the construction of the constitution, has '
had the conllJencc and applause of Washington, Jef
Icrson, Madison ami .Monroe iu the most important civ.l
posts, and pronounced by them all to be a wise states
man and an honest man. Nor do they know any reason
why he should be postponed to any of the states
I meu in the country professing the sarno latitudinous
Crvr- r,,c;,on- ^or> “a3*l escaped your committee that
T Virginia ever means to support a northern candidate
no duty can be clearer than hcr’s to yield a candid Min
port to the candidate of the Republicans of New En
gland at this time. The republicans of New England
were for thirty years hearty in their efforts for the Vir
S,,,,a favorites; a tune when to be a republican there
i no light magnanimity and "-.rtitude. Within
| the last few years this party has grown to bo the ascen
Jant. The «• x New England Slates are decidedly re
publican, and they demand of Virginia temperate am!
candid judgment on their favorite. The States that
threatened to dissolve this blessed Union, and cherish
ed the dark machinations of tho Hartford Convention
have gloriously redeemed hemselves from these foui
stains; have hurled otf their evil counsellors, and now
regenerated, have joined in attachment to him who was
above all others, the object of bitter hatred to the Ilart
i rord conspirators.
1 Your committee will also declare, that, after exami
ning- all the proofs, they have still the most entire con
nJence in the integrity and honor cf tho Secretary of
•state. 1 or fearless independence, for political *a.r'aci
fy and true eloquence, no man in this day has surpas
sed h,,,,; and were the United States searched for an
embodied representation of the American character
the enquirer would not rest at the vindictive, ignorant
mi.itary chief,—the vulgar growth of every land;—nor
on the combination of English ignorance, grafted orr
the petty stock of a princely Indian descent —the
growth of evei-y barbarous tribe;—but would seek for
me bold, frank and lolly character of Ileury Clav ri
sen like America herself, from a plebeian origin, to a
high elevation, aud a fair chance of a higher destiny
To guard the country, if possible, from the calamity
°l such a government as that of Gen. Jackaon your
committee recommend earnestly that this meeting £a
co-operate with those of their fellow-citizens who are
opposed to his elevation. The propriety ofdoim- some
thing to concentrate this opposition, and lo 'raise a
counter current agaiust the dictation of ihe Metropolis,
is too obvious to be enlarged on. Your committee
therefore offer the following resolutions:
1. Resolved, That two delegates on the part of this
town, bo appointed by this meeting to attend the pro
posed Anti-Jackson Convention in Richmond, on the
2d Tuesday in January next, and (hat they be autho
nzed to unite in framing a suitable Anti-Jackson Elec
toral Ticket.
2. llesotrcj. That a Committee of Vigilance, consis
ting of twelve individuals, be appointedTempowercd to
supply any vacancy in tho delegation, if any such oc
cur, and specially directed to use every honorable ef
fort to secure the ultimate success of the Ticket to be
so framed.
3. Resolved, That the Senator fiorn this District i
whose sentiments of opposition to Gen. Jackson are 1
well known to us, be requested to act in coueert with i
the delegates from this meeting.
In pursuance of the first resolution, Fortcv^tl’s >
SrnxoRand Patrick Hi. say Cahkm., Esquires, were
appointed Delegates to the Convention to beholden in ‘
Richmond on the 2d l uesday in January next.
Under the second resolution, a committee of Vi"i>
lance was appointed by the Chair, consisting of the !
following persons: Messrs. Samuel J. Harrison Tho
mas A. Holcombe, James Ncwhall, William McKin
ney, John O. Left .rich, Jesse B. Harrison, Samuel
Branstord, Robert kj 1c, Henry Davis, Albon McDan
iel, Richard H. Toler, and David R. Edlej: to which
committee, on motion, the Chairman was added
On motion, Resolved, That the Editors of the Lynch !
hnrg Virginian, Constitutional Whig and Richmond |
Enquirer be requested to publish tho proceedings of
this meeting. .
Arno* McDamkc, )
Richard H. Tolv.r, >} ‘
airman. ;
3 [faring given above llie proceedings of (be Anti
Jackson Meeting (which, by tbe way, was one of the
mo,t numerous ever hehl in this placc.l it is just to
several gentlemen, and par ticularly to three of the in
dividuals who belonged to tbe drafting committee, tosay
that they dissented from the Report which was ultimate
ly adopted; not indeed, because they are not determined
to support Adams in preference of Jackson. Out because
they could not concur in its temper. The necessity
for the adoption of a Report decided in its language was
eloquently and ably urged by Messrs J. B. Harrison !
and Patrick IT. Cabell; and the policy of using mild
and conciliatory language, was as ably and eloquently
contended for by Messrs. G. U\ Pegram and I). R.
Cdiey. Mr. Pegram principally objected to the Pre
amblo which was adopted by the meeting, on account
of the language referring to Mr. Randolph, of whom!
he professed himself a warm admirer, and whom be
believed tube incapable of uniting himself with a/be I
<k<h* opposition to any administration —Mr. I\'cqJon
ottered the following substitute to the Preamble and i
Resolutions adopted by the meeting, which embodies
in strong language, as will be perceived, the objections I
to Geni Jackson a election, without referring, (as be
thought to be unnecessary and imprudent.) to the cour-c
, conduct pursued by those gentlemen who have uru ,
led in opposition to the administration:
We, the citizens of L-,# d.fmrg, who are opposed to
oe el cbm, °f Gen. Jackson to the Presidency of the
Cm ed States, deem it proper to make a public cx
prcss.on clour tf.nliinents upon this most important!
anu*unit^f ,,?ke,,,,uh way produce conceit]
f"b , ,» v f 3C,,.°" ourselves an.l those 0f our -
• r ^ cib/ens whose options may coincide with outs 1
,n relation to the ensuing Presidential election. !
tbe Vbe - 'm *' 'V1 *° "'0 clion of Gen. Jackson to
T ‘ ,r r > : ,VR Mi**e •»•"« not tbe j
of "the duties of K office 'yn|e||f0rf V‘* Pr°PCr ,i,,cl'arS0 I
mer habit, of hfc bafe rendere 1 • T'V" f°/'
that elevated and responi£ Ztii!TJh* ^ ^
not conceive that in<lit ,r\ ,* ’ 1Rcanse wc :
any claim or fitness for cir,|P„IBc”
many instances in which he 1.5 f ,“bcca,,8C m *,,e
power, he has abused it to the rr ° ,v'lli;
.... „r iUi'o'o,xe:rb""""'i7'1,u i
coo.,i,bcc:i„„ ;c VJSZteT . i
(ion of o oion icoold bo daogoroo, (,
dr* Of c;t;r country. e *^cr
„ Indcpenitently of the. above strong objections, we1
result uout Inc exchange o: the present chid Magia-1
trate for Gen. Jackson, inasinucli as we are fully per j
stiadcd that in relation In the subjects which have fonn ,
cd the ground-woik of (Le opposition to the present ad |
ministration, the course of Gen. Jackson, if he were
to be elected, would be the same as that of tbe picsent
Whilst we refrain from expressing any opinion as to .
the course pursued by tbe administration, because we '
do not conceive it to be important to the furtherance
of tbe object which we have in view, we will, however,
avail ourselves of the ptesenl occasion to declare our
utter disbelief in the charge of corruption which has
been brought against John Quincy Adams and Henry
Clay in relation to the last Presidential election; a
charge which we believe to he as false as is foul,
and to he refuted not only by the high characters of the
parties implicated, but also by the lame and impotent
cHurts which have been made by Gen. Jackson and
his friends to substantiate it.
ltesulveil Ihcrtfitre, That we would esteem the elcc
tion of Ccn. Jackson to the Presidency of the t inted
Slates a departure from lliaso principes winch have
i hitherto inllueticcd the people of the United States in
the re election of a Chief Magistrate, and ns endanger
ingtlic permanency of our free and happy government.
And, Itcsofct)/, That it is expedient that a Conven
tion of delegates chosen by those tv ho are opposed to
the election of Gen. Jackson, be hold in the city of
Richmond uu the olh of January next, in order to form
an electoral ticket, and to concert ami adopt such
measures as may be nccessarj’ and proper, to preicul.
it possible, his election to the Presidcnry.
And. lies nival, Thai delegates he elected to said
Convention by this meeting.— [}'irgihian.
Psr.w Vouk, Oct. lv!.—By tiie packet ship Binning
ham, cap*. Harris, we have Live*pool papeis to the tub
ult. and London to the7tli inclusive.
!■ rom the London Courier, of Si ptemhe -I,
The Lords Commissioners of (he Tieasury held a
Bonul to-day, at the Treasury Chambers, at which
Lord Goderich, as first Lord, presided Mr. Merries!
took his scat at the Boaid, as chancellor of the Exchc
quo;; and Mr. Frankland Lewis was introduced to the |
Hoaul and appointed one of the joint Secretaries, in
the room ol I\Ir. Merries.
It is not yet decided who will succeed Mr. Grant,
as Vice President of the Board c f Trade.
7^he fol.owing are tlie new Ministerial arrangements:
First Loid of the Treasury, Lord Goderich.
Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Merries.
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Lord Dud
ley and Ward.
Secretary of State for the War and Colonial De
partment, Mr. Iluskissun.
Sec*etary of State for the Home Department, Mar
! quis of Lnnsdowne.
.Master Geoetal of the Oidnance, Marquis of An
| glesey.
Lord Chancellor, Lord Lyndhurst.
President of the Council, Duke of Portland.
I Loid Privy Seal, Earl of Carlisle.
President of the Board of Trade aud Treasurer of the
! tVavy, Mr. C. Grant.
President of the Board of Control, Mr. C. VV. Wynn.
Secretary at Wa*. Lord Palmerston.
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, LotJ Bexley.
Master of the Mint, Mr. Tictnr.
Surveyor of the Woods and Forests, Air. S. Bourne.
Secretaries to the Treasury, Mr. Pianta and Mr.
| Courtenay
j Junior Lords of the Treasury Earl Mount Char les,
! Lord F. L. Cower, Lord Eliot, Mr. M. Fitzgerald j
j Mr. Macnaughten.
Admiralty Council Board, Sir G. Cockburn, Mr.
{Denison, Sir \V, Hope, Mr. Keith Duglas.
The Duke Clarence and Duke of Wellington, (the
i former as Lord High Admiral of the Fleet, and the lal- j
ter as Commander in Chief of all his Majesty’s Mil- j
: itary Forces,) being completely independent of th< J
; C’abiuet, we of course, Lave not classed them with the!
1 ordinary Ministers.
The intelligence from Greece is rather of a gratify |
j ***o nature. Kedschid 1 ac.m bad gone to Acarnania. |
where lie h.iJ effected nothing. The Greeks having;
placed their wives and children within the natural for
tresses of the country, followed his movements and
intercepted his supplies, so as to prevent him from veu
turing to any distance from the coast. Ibrahim Pacha,
through a similar reason, had been obliged to return
to Modon and Coron, from whence he had despatch
ed two European officers to Zante, to by provisions
with several Egyptian vessels of war to guard the con
voy. This was the flotilla which Lord Cochrane at-1
tacked and defeated—an exploit which increased the i
terrors of his name throughout the Levant and imparted 1
proportionate courage and ardor to the Greeks.
Instead of the Russians having been defeated at Eri
van, it appears that on the 17th of July, they achieved
a conquest over a body of Persians, composed of IG,000
cavalry. Abbas Mitzo narrowly escaped.
A letter fiotn Smyrna states, that since ti e knowledge
of the treaty concluded between the Allied Powers, bad
become general, the greatest irritation prevailed’ a
rnorrg tlie Turks. The feeling was especially direc
ted against the Russians, who seemed to he held in
great tear and detestation—News having been receiv- I
ed, that (lie Persians had gained an important victory i
over them, the whole city of Smyrna was filled with!
joy. people shaking bauds in the streets and congratu ■
lating each other on the event. The intelligence, j
however, it will be observed, was without foundation!!
The nature of the news from Spain is unfavorable. I
Troops and levies of all kinds from the neigbork*" pro
vinces were pouring into Catalonia, where insurrection i
was growing more and more general and audacious. '
It is confidently stated, that Don .Miguel proceeds!
to Lisbon to assume the regency of Portugal, without
the consent and authority ofliis brother, Don Pedro
It is generally believed this step is about to be taken
with the assent and concurrence of Great Britain
Me was to cinbaik at Venice in an Austrian fri»-a(e.
I A K13, Of pi. I ,
The Journal du Commerce publishes (he followin'*
fi\li act of a Idler dated Constantinople, July 26, which
it has received l>j way of Marseille?:
“Nothing is talked of here but the approaching ar
rival of the squadrons of all the Christian nations, to
second the intervention of (he Powers of the West in
the affairs of Greece: but people are convinced, that
whatever repugnance the Government roav feel for
the propored means of accommodation, it will yield
without striking a blow: and (be alarms that, under
such circumstances, might be felt for the persons and
property of the Franks, are entirely destitute of am
reasonable foundation. Nr vcrthcle?* as these ideas
will gain ground in Europe, our commercial situation
will be completely changed.
A courier extraordinary who arrived at Bayonne on
the overling of the 29th August, brought the news of
the change in the Spanish Ministry. The following
are the names of those who now compose if;
M. Cnrvajiil, Inspector General of Volunteer Ilov
ahsts, Minister of War. J
M. Erro, Minister of Finance,
M. Salazar, Minister of the Marine.
i\f. Calnmarde, Minister of the Interior.
It is also said that the Duke de i’lnfantado is nomi
nated Minister of Foreign Affairs,
I he accounts from Spain, in the French journals,
continue u, as urne very day a more threatening ;iaprcj’
rho whole of Catalonia is in open insurrection,’ and the
i ehe.s, under a self sty led Captain-Genera), enter almost
every town, and carry offthe arms of those Ivho refuse
to join or to aid them. The government hns at lerrgth
rsscmhled troops (^contend against the difficulties and
danger which every hour assumed a more serious char
acter. Meanwhile, the Colombian privateers insult all
the coastsof Spain, blockade ahppst every port, and
scizo upon almost every ship which attempts to make
its escape
I ha nov.—The failure of Theodore Donmerc, which
we have announced before, has excited much rooster
nation at Bordeaux, in the mercantile world. Tim a
rnouot of his forgeries, it is said rxcecds 400 000
Besides (hp proceedings entrusted (o AT. Pirondel
again?! be ‘Historical Narrative of the funeral of M.
Mantle.,’ oi which Aiignct has acknowledged himsoll'
,° a,,ll,or conjointly with M. L.nfillc, mid M. Manu
el. mother of of the deceased, other proceedings a.e
* itvcted by \ unin, Judge d’lnstruclinn, on the subject
l,,e events that took place at the baine funeral.
I roceedings are also instituted against M. Gaultier
Daguionie, the print'”. and against the bookseller.
1 ho Duke of Keiehstadt (the son of Napoleon.) has
been indisposed, and he was at the date of the last
advices from Vienna, attended daily by bis physicians.
There arc seine very speculative politicians, who would
consider (lie death of this individual as an addilioual
: guarantee for the tranquility of France.
I ,
j l.ytuULurg Address. — Wo invoke public attention
|to ll,e Preamble and Resolutions adopted at the Lynch
bl,rK Meeting. We hare newer perused a paper bettor
.calculated to convince by its argument, or charm by
i its spirit. We glory in actinp'in the great cause of
tlie Public .Safely—llie cause not of John Quincy A
. dams, nor of any other individual—but of Civil and
j Republican Liberty struggling- against her most formi
dable enemy, Military Picdotniuatice,—that enemy
; which has proved victorious in every contest in the old
world with men thus capable of reasoning ably, and
nobly daring to pioclaiin their opinions to the world.
. It is this spirit which we hope to see generally animate
jonr political friends— which can only lead ns to sue
i tcss> or '"^be us respected in defeat, if to defeat we arc
I destined. \\ e hail this spiiit as evidence that if the
I present contest leads to no other profitable result, it
will terminate tho lorg reign of political tvrannv in
Virginia, end emancipate her from that Metropolitan
dictation to which she has so long and unconsciously
| submitted. They who deny this dictation, have only
to pass a winter in Richmond and 6ee how things are
managed here, to be satisfied of its truth.
The topics of the Lynchburg Address are selected
with felicity, and urged with ability. The people
there, profess themselves of the true Republican
school the friends of limited construction and Gov
ernmental economy. Could tin? cause of the old school
be promoted by the discarding of Air. Adams, they are
ready to discard him. Rut they forcibly ask how is it
to be thus promoted? By the substitution of General
Jackson, himself a latitudioariau of tho most ultra
class? By the election of an individual, who besides
the thousand objections peculiar to himself, presents
all the other ohjecti.- s complained of in the present
incumbent? How will bis election promote the ascen
dency of the doctrim-s dear to Virginia? What will
his election prove but that those doctiincs have no
champion capable of succeeding by the weight of his
and their merit with the people? To support0Gcne.al
| Jackson on such giounds is insulting ro public under
standing— it is sheer aud downright hypocrisy. That
tin’s support should bo headed and recoinmenJed l>\
his former adversaries—by men who fell or pretended
to feel the utmost horror at the mere possibility of his
success—who based their opposition to him on grounds
even stronger than his hostility to the Virginia doc-1
trines, that his success namely, woulu endaoger liberty '
and the Republic itself, is a phenomenon-, which as it
cannot be explained upon principles creditable to the
human character, we shall leave altogether unattempt
ed. Yes—these men not only opposed Gen. Jackson,
hut they were the first to do it—they were not only the
first, but they carried their enmity to the most violent
extreme—they exposed his many military violences— '
his contempt of orders—his infractions of the const i i
tution--his disregard of the rights of persons—his des !
potic resort to court martial?, to jails, and to the offices
of tho hangman, whenever h:s slightest wishes were
obstructed, or his imperial temper provoked. Reason
ing upon these exhibition! of character, these gentle
men affirtnet* that Gcih Jackson was dangerous in a
Republic—that he had never been vested with autho
rity without grossly abusing it — that he had in every
instance sacrificed the law & the constitution, personal
rights, the liberty of the citizen and humanity itself to
his ungovernable passions—and that he wr.; disqualifi j
c.l by nature, by habit and by education, for any civil
office whatever. II,s public conduct was scrutinized
with rigorous severity, and the Enquirer groaned under
the load of denunciation, and appeals to tire people to
snve iiicir l.herues from the grasp of the Military
Despot. /hat Mr. Monroe had acquiesced in his out
rageous conduct, wa3 the ground of a masked warfare
against his administration—that Mr. Adams had dc
fended it, was sufficient to lose him their confidence—
and that P.Ir. Crawford was said to hat e recommended
the arrest of Gen. Jackson, tvas a principal argument
for supporting him for the Pres.d. ncjr. Cool,l it roo
siblv he imagined, that any stale of things would (here
after enlist the support of these gentlemen for Gen.
Jackson? Could it he believed that tnen of rcspectn
bdity and sense, would in so short a time give llic !,e
to their former declarations, or subject tliemselres to
the suspicion of present insincerity, when they profess \
their faith in General Jackson’s capacity to rule (his
countrj3 Could it have been conjectured *u ir.il,
that Messrs. Ritchie k. Gooch would not only he found
in the Jackson ranks in Ih JT, hut denouncing and
reviling as 9lavi-.l1 and corrupt, all who opposcJ his sue
ceeding to the rrcsidcncj? Vel all these wonders
have come to pass—not so much as a hint of ("ten *
Jackson’s former excesses is now breathed in the Tn
quircr—nay any allusion to them is sharply rebuked,
or insolently reprimanded. lie who in Vl?4, was dis
qualified by his temper and passions and ignorance,
for any civil office, is now a marvellous proper person
to fill the first and most difficult of offices. To inde
pendent enquiry and rnanfy reprehension of General
Jackson’s military outrages, and to generous viridica
tion of the rights of citizens and the integrity of fJm
constitution against an assailant 60 formidable, have
succeeded bloated panegyrics and undiscriminnting
defence of his worst actions. Virginia, before called
upon to defend (he last ditch against Gen. Jackson '
is now exhorted to placo the constitution and public 1
^ks at his disposal. Kvcn all this would excite
0,1 b coii'emjvl iur the tvrelcbcd spirit of dcuisgogU'
ism and love of popularity which caused it, but for
| the insulforablo attogaiice by which it is accompani
ed. It is not sufficient that these gentlemen have
renounced their own principles and perpetrated the
; most signal inconsistency ever heard of, but they must
have the people of \ irgmia follow their example. AH
I who do not obey their dictation are no longer Repub
licans—and though three years ago, none were Re
publicans who did not oppose Genera! Jackson, now
none are Republicans but Iboso who support him. It
is thus that fools are Jed by u&incs, and that Messrs.
It itcliic & Gocch, the sile aibitcis of who are Rcpub
• llcans amT who not, accommodate great principles t.*
piomoto- their individual interest and the influence of
I the Enquirer. Equally causeless and vindictive has
I ,*ce"tl,e co",se many of the most distinguished lea
ders of the opposition, and we respoud to that sentiincut
of the Rvnehburg Address which pronounces that op
position essentia !y factious and unprincipled; organized
; bctorc the Administration had jet commenced its ca
: !eci, driven on by prrsona) haired and ambition, and
j in in u men mi good mul (o thcTcommunity can be ex
! Pct',c^» f°r't aspires to no change of measures, and !»
i no rerorm of abuses. An opposition thus vicious in its
origin could be supported only by means equally v}~
, cions— and lienee that rapid suc.ccssion of fabricated
charges directed against tlie honor and purity of the
Administration—the employment of such venal instrn
; merits as disgrace the American Press—the fonts
! mcrable falsehoods which are coined and thrown
j into circulation with a rapidity which has kept the
j peop.c in a constant state of excitement, and leli
(horn no time to investigate the truth of one, before
»hey were called upon to examine another. Elgh^
teen months ago, we pronounced this opposition, far
ther than Yiiginia and North Carolina were engaged
in it, (and drew upon ourselves by doing eD, denuncia
tion in the Senate of the U. States,) factious and un.
principled. * Virginia and X. Carolina alone, could up,
, on principle, oppose this administration, for they alono
had waged consistent war against that latilndinous con
struction, which, practised under all administrations,
but more expressly recognized by Mr. Monroe’s, bad
been, or it was conjectured, would be adopted by that
of Mr. Ad.iins. Beyond these two States—Calhoun,
j Van Buren, Benton, McDuffie, Woodbury—all was
j faction—for beyond these two States, and perhaps
Georgia in patt, all without exception, engaged in the
uncompromising hostility to Mr. Adams and his admin
istration, had invariably, from the beginning of their
political lives, supported and approved that construc
tion of the Constitution and the measures to which it
led. upon the basis of which (he new administration
proposed to conduct the Covernmcnt. When these
men were observed suddenly and simultaneously, (a
renounce their olJ opinions and attachments—when
the phenomenon was exhibited of Mr. Calhoun’s be
coming a State Right man—and when Mr. Van Buren,
who had voted all the roads and tariffs ever proposed,*
promised to guard faithfully, the few remaining right*
which the States had left to them, it was obvious that
hostility was predetermined, and that these artful and
designing statesmen were seeking pretexts to justify
an opposition in which they at least had no right upon
principle to embark. Is not that opposition which in
directed against men auJ not measures—which looks
to private promotion and advantage, and not to public
utility, factious and unprincipled? Aye—and there is
not one intelligent man, not absolutely blinded by par
tizunship, and at ail acquainted with the characters <v
pubhc men. who is not firmly and irrevocably persua
ded, that personal jealousy arid rivalry on the one hand,
or the hope of political preferment on the other, arn
the solitary motives which animate Van Buren, Cal
houn, Rowan, Benton, Woodbury and others, whom
we will not now designate, in their hostility to the
administration. Exclude a few, a very few, conscien
tious men, who act upon particular constitutional views,
ami (lie opposition in bmh houses, beginning with the
\ ice President and ending with Ivremer, is a mass of
political putridity. No man knows this better than
John Randolph of Roanoke, and had not that indivi
dual, under the stimulus of unknown constitutional in
quietude, recanted the maxims of bis whole life hr
precipitate, 111 advised, inconsiderate and regretted co
alition with the party of Jackson—bad lie but postpo
ned his declaration of adhesion until the obvious devel
opment of the interested views of the leaders of (ho
Combination, Ins peculiar powers would have been now
duected to the annihilation of these political incendia
ries, instead of to the prostration of (hat cause which,
though connected with unpopular leaders, is the cause
of civil liberty, social order and the constitution.
1 he good feeling and expanded views towards tho
.-.orthorn States of the confederacy, manifested in |ho
f^Dcbburg Address, are worthy of the other parts.
That prejudice, unfounded, unjust, and carefully fo
mented prejudice, is at (he bottom of the opposition to
iMr. Adams throughout the Southern States, is obvious
to every attentive observer. It j3 this unfortunate
state ot for ting, which the demagogues have seized upon
and wielded with so much efficacy agaiosl tho admin
istration. in vain is it reminded, that the people of
r.'cr Hr-lnm! „rc .locoonJod from tho Republicans or
the time of Charles the first—the finest models of de
mocracy ard patriotism that the world has produce-!
that they declared for the Commonwealth, while the
colony of Virginia adhered to the Crown—that Boston
was tho cred o of the Revolution, and that the New
Kngland Stales in the habits and manners of the pen.
pie, the equality of property and their State Constitu
tions, make the nearest approach to a pure Democracy.
i iine only can eradicate a prejudice not the less rio.
lent that it is unfounded, and encouraged hy those art
ful politicians among ns who appeal to it as a ncrer
failing means of engaging public attention and advan
cing their own views.
By the bye, the senior Editor of the Enquirer I a<
Iiicfy been to New England, and if we are correctly
intormeJ, was surprised to find so lunch intelligence,
liberality, elegance, hospitality and prosperity out f f
bis man dominion. It is even whispered that he call
ed at Quincy, and was received hy his brother poten
tate with the distinction due to the dictatorial rank
which he fills in Virginia. Ilcw honourable would it
be to him, to assist .n dissipating (hat national prei.i
dice felt in Virginia against our New England bre’h*
r»n, to foster which he has contributed so much!
dm. Jad-xon.—'The New O, Jeans Argus states (hat
Gen. Jackson has lately wi.tten to a gentleman in (hat
place, "that :,r rjtus! infmtnbftj triumph ostr the cor.

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