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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, June 21, 1828, Image 2

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tt>'o two great «}a£siu>us ui laterit.u impiovemeDt and | a
lX)ine>tic Manufactures. Tins was especially the cast: I i,
witlt the Ohio members; and l was expiessly told by one , tl
of them, fGen McA'thur,) that, ihicfhj upon l/ie*ej It
~r<ti i\tts, l'.:cy had c eoa to the determination of voting t;
lor Mr. Adams, before they had ascertained what [
would he Mr. Clay’s course on this occasion. ti
It is out, however, so irmch the object of this com- ; >
tnuuicatimi to express tr.y own opinion, either of Mr. , t
Clay’s motives, or of the conduct of In* friends, as to ‘ *
exhibit evidence in relation to certain facts stated by ; t
him, in his late address to the public, la a part of tins \
address, it is his object to show that he had, early re-' I
peatedly, expressed Im opinion that < ten. Jackson was
ivit qualified for the Presidency; and, consequently, !
that he could, in oo event, be expected Vo vote tor 1
him. To ties gie.it mass of evidence which ho lias j
there adduced, it i» in my po.rer to add the following. I
It was iny practice, while a member of Congresa, °o |
note down, at the close of each session, m a journal )
which 1 kept for that purpose, whatever occurred to1
me of an interesting nature, daring the session that had !
1st closed The first session of the Eighteenth Cou- ■
gross closed on the ‘.'7th of May, 11124. The following ■
extract fiom this journal is under dale of “June, 1C24;” !
uud was written oy me immediately on toy leturn hum
* I “pulse but twice, lid- session, to !Mr. Clav, on
this subject. The first was on the. caucus, against
which ho declared himseK; hat professed to be «u>voril
ed, in thi? whole matter, entirely by his friends’ advice
Tne oilier conversation lelaled to General Jackson.!
It was soon after Pennsylvania declared for the Gene- 1
ral, and when he seemed, tor the moment, to carry all
before him. lie spoke with equal truth and feeling on '
this subject, lie sa*d it was tiuly oiveyiiia/gf/ic* io sec |
the People so i Uoxicated and deluded, liy a littie noli- ]
f »ry glory- that a man, totally unknown to the civil his
tory oi the country—win knew nothing of tin* fr'oosti
tulion, or laws of the laud—and who, m short, had no
other recommendation than that winch grew out of his
fortwitc campaign at IN'ew Oilcans, should be thought
ot f<.r President of the United States, and even prefer j
red to nil otheis; at a time, too, when some of the ablest
men ilio country had ever produced, (ca did nut mean,
he said, to include himself in the number,} men who
had grown grey in the civil departments of the Guv
eminent, in 1 on^irj?, id dt, !o/naiic minions, and in «
t!io ( abinet, wr-c belurs ftie public, as candidates f<>t
i:in( office — was, he said, such ;« m mptnu of the dise.is
c l slate of public sentiment, as nltisl be equal I v alar
ming and dikcuiiingmg, whether viewed b> tho'se who
saw the highest objects of laudable ambition snatched
from them by a military chief. or by those calmer ob
servers. of passing events, who too!;’with philosophical,
or prophetic eyes, on the cau.es of (he permanence or
decay of our free institutions.’’
The above extract contains but an imperfect sketch
of Mr. (.’lay’s remarks to me at that time. Ho ducla
red, with great energy, has opinion that, whatever
tn-glit be General Jackson’s other merits, lie bad no
pretensions to the character of a Statesman; and be
painted, in lively colors, the dangers to which the coun
try was expn»eJ, fiom the sudden overflow of military
enthusiasm, by winch wo has borne along. Ii was, he
said, an ei il omen, and one which fomhoded nothing
favorable to the fulute destinies of the Republic, i not
Duly considered these opinions of Mr. ( Iny as worthy
tu be recorded, hut spoke of them, at the time, as m
dicatiug very clearly Ins intention to support either Mr.
Adams or Mr. Crawford, against General Jackson,
should he ever be called upon to decide between them!
Recollecting tin- conversation. and knowing that Mr!
Adams was the second choice of many of Mr. Clay’'
friends, I expressed at the commencement of the next
session, n very decided opinion that he would receive
110 vote of Mr. Clay. The state r.i Mr. Crawford1*
health disqualified him, in the now of ail but his ><ar*
t cuiar friends, for the office of President; and knowing
1 Mr. Clay’s early and deliberate opinion !ii
• •eiinral Jackson’s want of the requisite quahfieaiior.s, j
1 could not doubt, that, as a necessary consequence of I
this etitn of things, tin would veto for Mr. Adams 1
J lie first week of tin- session did not pur* n-ttimm con' ‘
firming ine, very strongly, in this belief. It w as on the 1
occasion of the reception of Gen. Lafiivetto, by th,.
House of Representatives. In iS.cs address made to him !
aj ^Penker of the House, Mr. Clay dwelt vnthcompia’I
coney on the virtues of Lafayette; and spoke i f!
hia “uniform devotion to reguiotei liberty.” as coin-1
intruding our "highest admitati-.m.” Innnediatcly on
•bn adjournment, I expressed to Mr. (lav in- satisfac
Mon at the preference which bo had given to the civic
merit of Lafayette, over his mere military exploits: and
inv hope tliat we should not sunn forgot tbi* ju.->t distinc
ijon. lie replied to me, that :t was chiefly as the fi iend
of civil liberty that Lafayette was admired i.i thisconn
*ry: ana that it became the (louse rf Reprcsentatiyca
in particular, as the guardian, of our civil rights, to
iccetve him in this, Ins highest character. lie added,
rmth peculiar emphasis, “Yon will not find rne, Mr.'
numer, disposed, by civj net ot'mir.r, unnecessarily to
meseaso t!-e mitrlnnjfcrcr, which has already pro'dp. :
o.d such strange ejects among us.” IVum the manner j
i ( which this was spoken, I could understand it no oth I
or way than as a direct answer to mv allusion to the j
approaching Presidential election; and f drew from it
fbc obvious conchiR.on, that Mr. Clay intended to vote
l> r Mr. .IJams. This w;,s on the »Gth December,!
1G2 t — tho day of Lafayette’s reception. ?<- may b- seen •
bv a re/erenco to tha journals oftl,e Houso. The i
supposed corrupt are flare ol‘Mr Clnv i )G<*u J »ck
sun is alleged to have been made on tho ::Jll* of the!
same month.
I:»hH adlrer.s to ;h« public, p. jft, Mr. Clay says-'
“It 1 had received the vo.c of Louisiana, :.,ul been I
o'io of the threo candidate* returned. I had rr-,o!?cd
at a tun ' when fliers hms every probn?>,l,cy of ,ni re-I
i ’ivin^ it, that I would net allow mv name. m ron<(.. j
q icuco ot the small number of votes bv ,* hicii it would i
ho earned into the House, if 1 were burned, to con- !
stifute an obstacle to an election '-1
Thn statement is confirmed by a letter of Mr John- '
»un, ot Louisiana, to whom he'bad made Itm.'ivn hisi
determination, b-freo the meotimr ».f t 'om-.-c’s. It
niay be fnrtlior confirmed bv the follow:,.’- ex tract •
Srmn my journal, unler defe of “March, wiitfrn '
immediately or. my re'-,rn f,,„n Kf„,Mon o{ jRe
. “Ooneral >1’ InLur, ot O no, told mo, that. meetii’R
. Ir. ( lay ono day, when it w** thoimhl tr.at tie would '
receive (lie vote of Louisiana be t.dd him that ifhei
f ame into {he House, i’would he bv ru small
that be w is afiaid hi, frir, U could do him very little
service there: that Mr. Clay answered, he hoped:
tie should not bn re'in tied as »n>' nf fl 0 c w,j I
J -.tr.s since it was pv.de it that h„ Jrcl.on, ,f ;t could ,
1 l1" ?hc<-' n’°",d hn rrmintY to the expressed opinion !
or a vast majority of the people, and U, .r. ,f r, t„,ncd to |
t ie H .use under web ci.rwnKtancu, fn reecivirtr ,he !
T.wmnna votes, >:3 should ItrnJc ,! hr, J.Vy to decline I
‘ ,<S ’’,Wor; nl 1,1 ’ frmnh, and use h-s own innuei.ee in
support of one ot the other f “•* did ,tn ”
The preceding extract appear' to me entitled to
mine we.jbt than any statement I c.-Hd now make
7" "’ro recoloc.ion; ns they r,f|, ,infer, at the
J.-nn, for my iso omy, and ivitfi no r-.prrtation tint!
tney would ever he see,, b> any mho, pm o-. If ,be
t.TCf3 t.n-y contain should arid any tW, to tl,~ i„s, ,tfe
fs.me of an ii.mreJ '«•Mr < ,JSV ohu ct, thoi,
publication, will have horn rw-unplr'ifd. To s»and
by, :n silenre, and -or another ,,vrj
' *’ *» ?7w“r 1* aH T. Ins hi the exbtke
; on o. facts «m»vn on'y to me, «,in „,v , .,n,.in
tm little less c» in.: a! than to hj r,-.clf the'author of
Jr£ Wfnr.t*\
’.V;T rj.’.M rLL MLn. J ,n.
]Jear Hir; 1 »ur note of the 'I'iiin d. has been duly
received, ..
turn,shin- you with the • - „• i:-»,v ,ir- ” 3
I left Cbil colhr on f»,«, . Vioyemhc, jn/ t br
i be neighbourhood of Staunton, in Vir^-nm, and™ fh ■
nrtrhfpftMR If; h. 1 lr.,!*c,j at ti e I mo** of Samuel
Ft,r*w sherry, on the L-iw K.nbr.w ... o,r„nr-»n-. with
Henry Clay, General .Metcalfe, aod Major Hivid
White, three »f rt,« i.-prescnfai.v « ,n i'nrmrers from i
KentneUy, l»,en.,nfh<ir wav to Washington. Upon'
aseertainir? that / was a i. wd n* of Ohm, and from '
»i-c nei«»tibt»iirhoo I of ( Inlicotbc. tbev inquired whefh
c- ! m-,’1 »rf«* n ' * .r <t., r>rV-.fl» , .. r. rv ;0»
id gone,- and having- a nuutccr ol'the ieioto tiaaoUo ,
» my pooliet, which contained the official statement of
id vote, ] handed it to Mr. Clay. This circumstance
:d ti9 into conversation, and also to an acquaM*— ;
I he next morning the abovenarned gentlemen ami j
lyscif set out iu company fur hlauolon, to which place ;
ru travelled during a journey of six days. I a the
uurso of our journey, I had repeated and frequent con I
ersatious with Mr. Clay, on ilm subject of ill© Prosi* t
lontinl electioo, and of the probable chauces o! success j
vliich would attend each of the candidates w lio miehi •
>e returned, to be elected by the House o! Represeii
:atives. Mr. Clay Rave it as bin upiuion that lie would ■
not be one of those who would bo retorned. As id from ,
the reported ill health of i\lr. Crawford, it was nut very i
probable that *if even he ivero elected, he could dis 1
charge the arduous duties of President. For these roa- |
suns, ha said there was little doubt but that ihe choice ■
would be ultimately restricted to either Mr. Adams or
Gen Jackson; in which event, he repeatedly slated that
it was las settled intention to vote for Mr. Adains; al
lodging as a i^eson for tiiis detennioation, that lie
could not consent to aid in elevating a man ;<» the Pie
sidency who stood recommended before the people by
no other qualifications than those which were purely
military. The other gentlemen, in frequent conversa
lions with mo on this subject, expressed the same opin
ions. On our arrival at Staunton wo separated; they
to go oil a visit to Mr. Jefferson, and i to my friends in
the neighborhood *>t Staunton.
It you shall believe that tins statement wilt contribute
to vindicate the character of Mr. Clay from the foul ca
lumnies which have been cast upon it, iu consequence
ufhisvoto for i\Ir. Adams, you have rny permission to
make it public. Yours wi'h much respect.
it Kcrchcval, Esq. Chiticothe.
to the i’(ji»lh:.
T..AwkssIEBCHg, Februar}- ITth, J fli"!.
i iiavo « due.a iilj no little anxiety am! astonishment,
tiu progress of !'*«? investigation now before tho public, in
reference to the eiicumstances growing tun t.f rtie election
of the I*irsi-tonr r r the TT:iite»f State*, by the Hou»e of fi,
prescntativis of the eighteenth Congress.
Ti e contest between the friends of Mr. A.Inins anti <J«
"erai Jackson, lias indeed assumed a most ext lannlin.uiy
cha meter. Parties have heen formed am! anayerl against
chlIi otiier, and are made the means of the must bitter ami
vindictive denunciations against men am! pi ine.iples. Se
j rinns charges have been made and exhibited to tiie public,
: in every possible form, witli a view to forestnl public senti
| mein, on subjects that demand solemn ant! sober enquiry.
I l he leading partisan* of both the puiiuinunt candidates
, lor the next presidential term, actuated alike hy the furv
! of party spirit, instead of prosecuting the enquiry presumed
I in the Ameiicnn people for their consideration, through
j those means most Iikeiy to lesult in just conclusion, have.
; to a g'c.ti extent, lost sight of principle, and rest theii
hopes of victory anq success upon the issue of a war ol
I extermination. That party spirit and blind zeal, which
j knows no hounds, and is governed alone by overbearing and
j vindictive feelings, has superseded all rational and sohei
| investigation, and the reputations of the best men in the
I nation aio offered tip a common sacrifice upon the. altar r.1
j prejudice.
The P1 e.--s is no longer the seminal and guardian of civil
liberty, hut is prostituted to tho base purposes of givi.v
| currency to the most unfounded and infamous slandeu
against public and private character. Even honorable
Senators, mvested with special delegated powers, forgetlins
their mvn dignity and the duti.** they owe to their c.nuntiy
ami constituents, acting under the impulse of this political
lever, and goaded on hy the same mad and furious zeal,
under the flimsy pictext of settling important principles,
and regaidless ,.f the subjects of legitimate legislation
have formed themselves into a body, infinitely more tetri
hie than a Spanish luqnisition, in outer to whitewash their
pp..tjr.il trio.;.-, and blackball theii political enemies'
The cr*nniiy of private character has been violated, and’
centra.y to constitutional and legal forms, the reputation
i f private individuals, in their absence, has been diacced
before the tiibunn! of this self-created court of judicature,
and without the means of defence, are subjected to in««noa-'
,,!e h,weai ^ •»<»: comcmMibi* <*r
your titled politico/ knaves.
Mow far the people will sanction or reward the authors
.*f t.ns usurpation upon private right, is not for me to deter
mine. Perhaps they have already had their reward for
'.us pitiful and rowNidly service, by protracting their
session at the expcm-c ot the treasury. Equally delinquent,
t.ie parties cannot expect to escape public indignation, by
'.lie elimination and re elimination of each other.
1 regret tiiai necessity compels me at this time to vindi
cate myself. Standing in the attitude I do in reti-rci.ee to
the late election, nothing should have tempted me to appear
be lore the public, but the indispensable doty which I owe
to my own reput ifmn; and if any apology .3 due from me,
for iiMr.ing tin* publication. 1 rely for my Justification upon
t.uc cy.tianrdinary andjinnccee3ary tire that i.a? been made
o. my name. O11 all fit occasions, l have explained to my
late constituents the views and motives which Jed me to
vote for i\ir. Adams. To them I have been explicit and
uniform: and yet I am often made to speak facts and senti
ments which I uevei delivcied nr entertained. Thismav
be the efiectof accident or of misapprehension, growing
out of detached parts of the same conversation; hut one
thing is certain, that I never have authorized my name to
,r ""<'<• 50 c.-mimate any man o. pane. I have not before
Hits written anything on the subject; and from that cir
1 tzi-tanco, many persons believe that I am possessed of
some important secret, which, if disclosed, would sh-d
ahun ,n:u light upon the matter of controversy, and hence
.t.’.vn alternate.y been the subject of censure and ofmis
rcprcsi-ntation by both parties, f have no secrets to rom
nuim. ate. W .. gave my vote |or Mr. Adams, 1 did it
under tho .;rm persuasion, from the information I had re
L.ru through many intelligent gentlemen ofhigh political
.stam.mg within my district', -hut I was acting i„ st.irt
confmmity to tho will of my Cunsittuents. That will, |
shall always h--proud to obey; and although the choice
m.v.c may be disapprubated, yet I feci assured that ,„~
nvi.j vs v not ho impugned hy those disposed to do me
„ instruction had boon rreeived, it is true- hut
■•m. instruction had lost ns influence before it had reached
it- i. -‘stiiiniion. It was considered, and so represented as
far a'sV’l T 'h'"' j"""r "po" l,,ral I’Mitics ’ So
' , 1 h'»vf ^'’n implicated, i.t connexion with my late
}l. ’‘■'V1" Hl; 1a,,'I5er} n^nagcmcnt, bargant, sale, fir.
I .pstdem, and ,n the bumali.,,, of hi,
‘ .P,'r 1,1 ‘tot.scinns tn.inrt.tre, and an. willing to bow
.J-'r/! "•,n.,W,nn "u'"' nWud "f«* ««"»£.« and
:: • • / ':i,f ",y c,,||ft*Ku'*. «*r either Of them, were
*.°* '.'MrK0- he established by me. I i<now
• "r^P,7,rvy 0f-cr,,c' °r i'W*e»y «f motive. Z
'-/rh to 1 'ir1!' 1Cn’’ w,,irhwou,a authorize tne to
fr,I,:’,:'l;:nf,:,;;pxTrc:?u of n,y e«..'.Mit„ii„n;,i nghtors„r.
a nrUrn ,'rKr.‘*nrrt 1 w*n .mrPort .t
1 may to the re-election of Mi.
A .am.,, emu, o..t or r.rrumstat.ces foreign from, and en
m.lr unconnected with,hie late election by ,h(f ,lmKf."f
Representatives. DAVID WHITE!
.. _ , »f ashing!on, 4th February, 187%.
\ rrce'vcrt *•»"' oblifting letter of the
t,t instant. Although „.y letter, to which it i, an answer,
yas nn tnleinrrj for ptiblicatint., J would rather that it
'■itiulil' . e published, and speak for itself, than that its con
ents * .mid ap;,ear through tho medium of M». Ritchie’s
resentiitton of them. With regard to its publication,
" to < o as you may think proper. All
I feel stixtnnt about, is. that the public should not
a "'Prp-su,n that it was my intention that it should
•e puolr.brd.
My copcitiort ?t this niepjrnt is most peculiar. The
° ° ,,TI? ,i,p f'i'nid?ofeveiy tnatt who would be
nnb.cnt, or wh«*, four or right years hence, would bo
'•■7h!lrr,,’r"»V 't?'1 mc wi,h onjy «>»« exception
\ Some of the friends of General
Mr Crawford. Mr. Calhoun, and Mr. Clinton,
j . r,y ',"r: r,,"f "Itimotc ends, agree fur the present, to
m.u failing out The object now is, „n the part of
oV/.' T. .V , ( n' drive me from the
nn . 107 deliberate judgment points out, and, for
,.;.f'!,hc ( linton and Mr. Calhoun, to
■ . " v'e i'll *n M ,,’r The, all
u o’u> ,' e . .P’3r ’rr;5r"r- H 'hn? *°rpn« it possible I
nidation or d * r,,,.v species of inti
•' VriPud I’' ?'.,""'lnn‘i , R"‘ 1 dH "®* ««ippt»- 'hat tuy i
.‘.t -t S«».«tr.y. Ill
■tight to rrrol.ert that ha la « , 'e K,>neraI ny' »'«
ountrv—he ‘tr.T-tgl.n^ fnr a ^)ilnf j ff,r
!ow„T • til*! ?* * ... ^ntlemao. wnr,
tom t'-«/bai." whie* - '1 1 rv0 , <,r ynutiiful ii:stit!.tior,
.Irt world , , " ? ’. nil the Republics of tht
r- o r ' !’?VP the patriotism o
V -eo-*-r«d Kjptr
j>. riiwc. inn.s, uii.i j»uted wttn rnc, in tue cllort ton
save us from a pirrudent fi aught with the most pernicious I
ronserptrnrr* I uni so fur disappointed— I suy.it with j
inertiltcatmu and reg:et. ' But nil attempts to mitko me
■ mitsi with hint—to induce me to give up the delencf! ufnur J
institutions, that we may elect a t>n k gentleman, who hits
»l»n been i •jnctd'.l by life great body of the Nation, are
vu’n, and utterly fruitless. Mr. Kitchie ought to awake,
should he himself again, and love Koine moie than Caesar.
1 obscive what yon kindly tell too about the future Ca
binet. My dear Sir, I want no ofiire. When have 1
shewn an aridity tor ofiire? In rejecting tire mission to
Russia, and the Department of War undei one. Admini.-tra
liun. In rejecting the same department, the mission to
Kngland, or any other foreign mission, under the succeeding
Administration? It Mi. Adams is elected, I know not who
will he his Cabinet. I know not whether 1 shall he oilmen
a place in it ot not. If there should be any offer, 1 shall
decide upon it w hen it may be made, according to my reuse
of duty, lint do yon nut peiceive that this denunciation
ol me by anticipation is a part of the common system
between the discordant confederates winch 1 have above
described? Most certainly, it an office should he offered to
tne, under the new Administration, and I should be indu
ced to think that l ought to accept it, I shall not be deterred
trom accepting it, either by the denunciations of open or
sect ot enemies, nr the hypocrisy of pretended friends.
With grunt respect,
I ntn, faithfully, rour friend,
JrraK Brooke, II. CLAY.
(iy.Niro, April 11th, 18211.
| . lo Inc Editors of the Constitutional Whig.
(itMitlcinen: The annexed is a ropy r.f a letter written
j by Mr. Clay to a member of the* Virginia Legislature, in
answer to one written by that gentleman to Mr Clay, at
| the particular solicitation of several members who knew
"the friendship that existed between those two gentlemen,
j I have been oudenvoring for the last 1!1 months to get Mr.
Clay’s letter, hot in conserpieuce of ns being mislaid, 1
I have been total .** to d>» so until 'ew. It goes (together
j with the numerous other lette.s written by him pending tint
i election) to show tilt; hijjlr minded and independent course
I adopted by him throughout that ernnejt. I have the origi
I tial now in my possession.
'» ASniNGTuil, 4lh IVbfuarv* 11*25.
My dear ,'iir: f have received jind read, with nil t!ie
! nttciiiion dtie our ancient and unbroken friendship, your
letter el the 2>~ instant \ nu staie that the conviction has
i l'«p,i !‘"r' (1 «l»»n tl>p lUehinmifl public, by thu papers which
{ daily rci e ced ftom this city, that 411 have gone over to
i P«'‘y r- Adams ivilli a 'j/cu' lit i+ i.ihluic a pm t vj
j cabinet. ’ Do you believe it? Then you ought not to
j respect me. Da you wish me to deny iti* Then you cannot
j respect me. What do yuu desire? That I should vote for
; Mr. Crsrvfnrl? I cannot. For General Jackson? I will
j not. I snait pursue the course which my conscience dic
j totes, re”iiidiP8s of all imputations and all conseijiienr.es.
j 1 ,ove ;h,! State which Rave me birth more than site loves
j me. 1 vis<>null v 1 would make any sacrifices to evince this
i attachment. But I have public duties to .perform which
comprehend a consideration of her jieculiar interest and
wishes, and those of the rest of the Confederacy. Those l
shall perform. In doing so, I may incur unfortunately her
disploasuto. Bo it so. I cannot help it. The quiet ot
tny conscience is of more importance to me than the good
opinion of even Virginia, highly as I do and ever must
respect it. Your faithful friend, U. CLAY.
!! T‘ We copy the following notice of th; witnesses from
[ the Political Arena:
■ ^ Vr ot. Sample, a respectable man, Protjionotarj' anti
Kditor of the Reporter at Washington, Fa.
Isaac Bennett, a respectable citizen of Brownsville, Pa
1 be Rev. A. W ylie, n Presbyterian Clergyman at Wash
ingtnn, I’a., I rofessor in tbeir College, nou rcceatly ap
pniiitcti President uf a Collegp in lurliana.
Joint Keel and- Dr. ( uthhei t T. Jones, rcrpectable Citi
zens ol the Green River Country in Kentiirkt'.
J. U. Waring, of the ipspectablp family bearing tbal
name in Fssex cuunty, Vn. residing in Kentucky.
Geo. Robertson, late Speaker of the II. of R. of Kentuc
ky* ontl formerly a member of Cimgicss.
Charles S. Todd.soil of the Ime Judge Todd of the
Supreme Court, arid Son-in-law of Gov. Shelby.
Daniel Vertuer, one of the most opulent and respectable
planter* in tbp State of Mississippi.
A. * . U t-ilUy, ■>( iho aamn Sut», « respectable nttor
j uey, niiM broibc-i oft ol. Woolley of the army,
l ** ? ^ "rurst, a respectable attorney of Rockville, in
■ olatyland, a member of its Senate, &c. &c.
iFomisu Kt&s.
j T>»«? packet ship U.r>n<iigham, (‘apt. Harris, at New
; (ro,t> Liverpool nriog‘ London papers to the 12tb
I and Liverpool to the 3 3tii May.
* An account is said to luve reached London on the
evening of the IOth, that the Russian Army crossed
t fhe Truth on ‘27th of April, and thereupon sent a com
| inumcafion to the Porte, containing propositions by a
j compliance with which the further progress of the
1 troops would he prevented I. Reparation for inin
i r,rs sustained l.y Russian subjects m Constantinople,
and tiu seizure of Russian vessels and cargoes. o’
Security against the future recurrence of such injuries
J. The fulfilment of the treaty of the allied powers of
the 6th of July. 18'27.
The moderation of these terms is such, that the Eng
lish editors doubt their sincerity, as they were bo rea
sonable that it wis impossible (hat they should be
! ^ The mn«t active preparations arc making by the
Russian army. Pontoniers are busily runsnur.ling
bridges, and reinforcements of horse anj foot are d-aw»
tng nearer the Truth, (t is supposed that a double
operation w.ll tolie place at the same time; that whilst
I the Russians on the Truth will take possession of the
i principalities, (he Grand Army will cross (lie Danube
and Reni and Israel.
| Tbo London Cr.urier of Ttla^ 0, says- ‘'The ac
I counts which arrived here vosterday from Constantin,
oplr, have disappointed those who shJI ciun^ to the
hope that the peace of Europe might he preserved by
the adoption of a more moderate tone on the part of
the Sultan Ho is determined upon war, nn-d tf^ui-h
he is acquainted with the sentiments of the nllied*pow
ers, lie still thinks tha( they will not suffer the Tuibish
Empire to be destroyed. This is (|)e substance uf the
last advices that have been received by the way of Vi
enna. and to the knowledge of this determination we
may probably impute the change which is rumoured to
have 'ak.n place in the Emperor’s plan of operation*.
It was supposed that he would, in lire first instance,
coutrnt himself with occupying the Principalities, and
would not immediately cross the Danube. It is said,
now, however, that he will occupy the Principalities,
and pass the Danube at the same time—poshing on to
wards Constantinople as quickly as possible ”
According to the German papers, the Russian army
i that was in Persia, is (o move towards Ezerum, in the
! Asiatic Dominions of the Sultan. The acquisition of
| the Turkish fortresses in tlio land of the Kurds, will
i be of essential imuortancc to (lie Russians.
The Royal assent was given on the Qtb, to the im
portant act for the abolition of the sacramental test.
The Catholic Question was brought forward in the
fJ.ous® of Commons, on the evcomg of the Clb ult. by
Sir Francis Horclett. The Haronet’s opening speech
occupies eight columns ami a half of close print, in the
j C ourier. ile concluded hy moving “tb^t the House
| resolve itself into a committee, to consider the state of
i the laws aileeting f 1 is Majesty’s Roman Catholic sub
! jer.ts in Great Britain and Ireland, with a view to such
a final and conciliatory adjustment as may he condu
cive to the peace and strength of the united kingdom,
to tlie stability of the Protestant establishment, and to
(he general satisfaction and concord of all classes of
flis Majesty’s subjects.” The motion was seconded bv
Mr. Brougham. The Solicitor General followed in
opposition to the motion, ami Mr. Kpcnccr Perciva)
and Mr. M Fitzgerald supported it. J\lr. O. Moore
spoke against the motion, and having concluded his
remarks, the debate was adjourned over to the evenin'*
oftho 9th. °
On *he P'b. the debate was renewed, and several
gentlemen spoke, the principal of whom were Hir
James Mackintosh in favor of the motion, and Mr.
.Secretary Peel against if. The debate was then a- i
gain adjourned over lo tb© JO’b. Tho House it* very I
fall, and it is calculated the division will he very close.
I>on M guol of Portugal, is involving his country '
every way. The Courier declares that the Constiln- )
,;pn a, ;o fs* • fbo’iM’erf- the Regenev |.gs Vep'
lestruycd; ami Uou Miguel has, m fact, arul indeed, if i
act in words. assumed the crown.
Low Inn. May 8. — A gentleman just arrived, direct
tram Cadi/, state* that an expedition, consisting yf
near 3.000 men was about to sail fruin that (.on for'
Havana, under convoy of a frij'.iie
i.lVKRl’OOH MARKETS, May 10.
“A considerable improvement has taken place this!
week in the demand for cotton am! the sales amount
nearly to 18,200 bags; of which -1000 Ameiicau, Bra
zil, and Kgjptiau, have been on speculation. Tlie
lower descriptions of Liazil and Aiabjin:* have advan
ced about Id per lb. The sales comprise 200 Sea
Island at I3jd to Uhl, will 120 stained at 7 A to 10}—
7 :>.j0 boned 6J to 7d—2.77D Oilcans C; ioV. —1,100
Alabama and Mobile ad to C^J.
“T he general demand fur tobaoco remains dull; and
the only sale of moment consists of GO hbds. tro0t] \*,r
ginia stemmed at Jfd to 4d pci lb.
Boston, June S3.—The Grape, Coleman, arrived
on I ue3ilav, Iroin St. Salvador, rvuciu that an
English pac ket brig arrived there the dth May, in four
| dat 9 trnm Kio de Janeiro, bringing intelligence that
“the Emperor had refused to ratify the tic: iv with the
Buenos Ayreans. and that all hope of piat pre
sent whs a. an cud.”
A letter, per the Grape, corroborates the account o!
the rejection of the new Treaty of Peace.
Britain and Franco have given new instructions to
i their Natal Commandors on the South American sta
i tion, and strengthened their rqtiadroiis—ac-J any ng
i gression oil their commercial rights will be resented*!
| ^ The Russian Army—Crossed //,.? Prn’h!
I Norfolk, June If*.—The Dremcn ship Virgin**,
Captain ilncknrt, arrived in Hampton Hoads,°f:om
| Bremen, whence she sailed 4tti May, has brought pa
i pecs up to the day* ct uuilijig, addif^^eii to ott’ichnuls
jm Petersburg. In the paper of the latest date it i
! mentioned, that information had reached Bremen, that
• the Russian army had crossed the Rru'h. and that the
I Emperor had set out worn b(. Petersburg to ju:»i tin
j army.—[Beaton.
I-ATE and important.
IV K'v 1 unir, June 10. — The purkrt ship Pacific, (Japt.
J Crocker, arrived this morning from Liverpool, w iicnc she
! s«**'*’t' on the 10th May. By this arrival we have received
, London papers to the 15th inclusive. The late turn, (halt
paa 1 o’clock) when we receive I the papers compels ns to
be very brief.
Catholic Claims.— The resolution of Sir Rranris Bur
eti, which we gave on Saturday, was adopted on the 12th
in the House of Commons, by a majority of 6, otter a verv
long and animated debate.
I.AroR ri.NT from Po? rcoAr.,— \ telegraphic despatch
from Bayonne announced, on the lOih u.’t that Don Migu
el had been proclaimed King, without opposition, in SJo
, imbra and Severn I other town*. The Courier remaiks
that he is now a tiaitor to his niece, the Irgiiimnle Otieen,
Don Pedro having Abdicated on March Kth. in favour his
daughter, Dpnna Maria, charging D.m Pedro, ns his Lieu
tenant ami Regent 0f the kingdom, with the execution of
ithe decree.
J A.N^Armistice was concluded on the 12ih between
Don Redrt) and the Buenos Ayrean goveinniiiut, through
the mediation of the English governrueur by rite n>»ents of
the powers in London.
Russian Declaration of ITrtr.
The long threatened crisis has at length arrived; The
die is cast: and the Muscovite advances upon the Ottoman.
The Russian Declaration of War is received; and the
Manifesto hy which it is accompanied, will ho found below.
We have not time to give trm Declaration, exieudiiw to
more than two columns, this evening. It will appear'to
morrow. Wittgenstein’s army crossed the Prutli on the
<.6th or 27th of April, and is in full march towards Con
stantinople. While the large naval armament of Set.us
tepol co-operntes on the side of Varna, the coips of Gen.
Pascovitch, flushed with its recent triumphs in Persia, is to
advance through the southern frontier of Turkov. But this
is not the only important operation with whi^ the war is
, expected to commence. The Russians, it i, 5.-,id, would
cross the Danube about the same time into Bulgaria and
push forward as rapidly as possible, supporting their main
army by landing near the Gulf of Verona. The State
Papers issued on this occasion possess all that diplomatic
tact for which the Russian Cabinet, under Count NosseU
rode, bus been always distinguished.
i L ctraordinary Supplement to the Pruvian .<? a'c Gazette
. . , IiEOMW, ainy 4.
j, "c b“i’c rprcive.l to-day from Si. Petcrsburgli the fol
j lowing ofTiri.il documents:—
j “By the (Irnec of God. we, Nicholas t. Emperor and
! Autocrat of all the Russians, &c (cr.. The treaty of Bti
j charest, concluded in the year 1STJ with the Ottoman
; Porte, after having been for sixteen years the subject nf
, rpitnratftcl disputes, now no longer subsists in spite* of all
our exertions to maintain it,and to preserve it front al! at
! taCits, Tnc P'Tte, not satisfied with having destroyed the
bases of that treaty, now defies Russia, and prepares to
wa£o against it a Hillum ad inlernecionem; it summon
ses its people in e mass to arms-accuses Russia of being
us irreconcilable enemy, and tramples unde, foot the
Convention of Akcrinan,and with that all preceding Tree
•‘Lastly’ the Porte does not hesit-.te to declare that it ac
cepted tlw conditions of pence only ns a mask to conceal
us intentions and its preparations for a new war. Scarce
; ly is this remarkable confession mode, when the rights of
j the Russian flag are viol*ed—the vessels which Ucovcrs
i detained and the cargoes made the prey of a rapacious k
arbitrary government. Our subjects found themselves com*
I polled to break their oath, or to leave without delay a hostile
; country. The Bosphorus is closed—our trade annihilated
j —our southern provinces deprived of the only channel for
I the exportation of their produce, a.c threatened within
j calculable injury. Nay morel At the iiimncrt when tiic
l negoeiatinns between Russia and Persia are nearlv cnnr.hi
; rfcr|' a 3l|rlrlen cliange on 'he part of tire Persian govern
I r,,r< k,; ™Y'sc of them. It soon appears that the 1
j Ottoman Porte exerts itself to make Persia waver, by pr(). j
| miring powerful aid; arming in haste the troops in tfm nd- I
! joining provinces, and preparing to support, by « threaten-I
j ing attack, this treacherous hostile language. This is the I
I series of injuries of which Turkey has been guilty from 'he i
conclusion of the treaty of Akerman up to this day, an 1 '
this is unhappily the fruit of the sacrifices and the "cm . i
rotis exertions by which Russia has incessantly endeavored 1
to maintain peace with a neighboring nation.
“Rut all patience has its limits. The honor of'lie Ru®- !
sian name—the dignity of the empire—the inviolability of
its r. ;!us and that of our national -lory, have pre criocd to
us the bounds of it.
“It is not till after having weighed in “•eir full-st cvtc„t
the duties imposed on as by imperative necessity amt ir
spired with the greatest confidence*};, »!,c instirc of o-ir
cause, that we have ordered our army to advance under
the Divine protection, against pn enemy who violates the
most sacred obligations nf the law of nations.
“We arc convinced that our faithful subjects will loin
w,,h our ptayers, the most ardent wishes, for the «..iCrc« ol
our enterprise, and that they will implore the Almighty to
lend his support to our brave soldiers, and to ®hrd hi- Di
vine blessing on nur arm?, wbieh arC destined to defend onr
liberty, religion anrl nur beloved conntiy.
“Given at St. Petersburg, the 11th (iJth) April, in the
year of our Lord, 18J8, and the third of our .ei»
(Signed) NICHOLAS,
'lountcrsigiicd the Vice Chancellor:)
1 he Dfidaratum which follows the foregoing Manifesto. '■
em.-fS mto a more ample review of the conduct of the Porte !
It reproaches her with duplicity in signing ,|IC Treaty rtf'
Acker.it an, which she never ititendrto fulfil. U ,rfrr. to
her intrigues with Persia—charges her with violating; her
Vsi®.*.* * . Sprvin,,5»f'nfl l»°r guarantee to the Province*
of Moldavia and Wallnrhia. An amnesty wan to b«
granted to the Servians; instead of which tb3 f uAv invaded
. ictr territory, and made a dreadful massacre. The privi
leges of tits? Principalities were to he guaranteed; instead
of which a system was established of the most .sweeping
plunder. The incursion* of the Turks inhabiting the left
hank r.f the huhan were encourage I. Vet Hussia, during
all these provocations, only desired to instil moderate and
jnst principles into the conduct of the Torte. She riisop
proved the enterprise of Trince Ypsilanti. but required that
the innocent should not he confounded inrb the guilty
These re.juisitiotis were rejected, and the Christians were
made the victims of indiscriminate cruv'ty rtnd rage.
The patience of the Kmperor Alexander waa at length
wearied, and in Ortobrr, ltt25.be transmitted an energr"tir
rcmonslranre *o the Parte. His lamented death did not
rr, ae- > ?«■«, .. , , j,
I is successor trod in tho same step*; 0DU instead of taking
idvantage of the revolt of the Greeks, endeavored to tnedi*
• t« between them and the Tone. In conjunction with hit
illy England, he signed the protocol of the 4lh of Anri!,
and subsequently is. conjunction with England a.nd France
the treaty of the Gth July. Tho Emperor appdMK to tin:
articles of that treaty, in proof „f tho disiittafe&4 naturo
of In.- intentions. Mo speaks of the breach of faith by the.
Ottoman General, which occasioned the affair ofNavarinu.
il.s am... even, did not induce him to abandon lus wish for
t-eare. J !,c Manifesto of the "Oth December, was confi
r.erc by him as highly insulting. lfe therefore declares*
\v;«r, and states Ins objects to bo
To compel Turkey to pay all tlm expenses of the tvnr.
xa\\Zdt S “* *ubjCCU for aU U,e los,es ‘*»ey baveeus
To enforce the duo end effectual observance of the trea
lie* which Turkey has violated.
To secure the inviolable liberty of the Black Sea, and the
iree navigation of the Bosphorus.
lie disavows any ambitious design in going to war, and
.1.*. lares his intention to abide by the tienty of the Cih Julv
•'Mich ,8 u,c substance of this most important state paper!
But while the I.iopcyrr is drawing the sword, he points out
"**’ mralis *»y winch the Forte may yet avert the blow.
;; ' y 15—The sales of the week arc lU.09tM.ags, prin :
J'ihy equal to those of last week. The import is 10 QOO
I.oMro.v, May 13—Slocks, City, 2 o'clock.—The Fir >■
r.di foods continue to advance. Consols opened this moiu
'"C at 85j, rose to 06, ore now 853; there are no rumouis
circulated at present to affect the prices of Consuls, alien
turn being entirely directed to Mexican Stuck, which this
morning suddenly advanced from 35 to 42. The reports
circulated have been, that an arrangement with the Span,
isli Ambassador from Spain. (Mount Afalia) respecting w,«
New American States was concluded — afterwards, that
>•400,000 for the payment of the dividend, has been shipped
at \ era Cruz.
3V TVe invite ail disinterested men to pernso the
supplement to Mr. Clay’s defence. Two facts are es
tablished by it, conclusively. That Gen. Jackson,
notwithstanding bis declaration, that bo spoke of the
charge ofbargnin, no where else but at bisowu fireside,
did in fact, from the time ho left Washington for Ten.
nessce, reproach the election of Mr. Adams, in all pja.
ces and companies, as baring been consummated bv
bargain and corruption. No man, however bigoted
and case hardened, can resist the evidence upon (Ms
proposition. It results from its establishment, that
Gen. Jackson domed what ho knew to be true; name
ly his having spoken of the bargain at other times ond
places: and that io making that denial, he must hare
been influenced to deviate from the fact, by the con
sciousness that /us conduct in imputing corruption to
bis antagonists (whatever may be said of that of others)
was to the last degree, improper and indelicate. For
him to My* ,l,at Adams and Clay were corrupt—that
tbe people had been cheated on! of their President (bis
own dear self) was, to say the least of it, extremely
vulgar and egotistical, Rnt] was aot to have been ex
pected from the “Second Washington.” Our lives
. upon it—before General Washington would thus have
1 maligoed an opponent of his, and tbus have bedaubed
j himself with praise, he would have bitten olThis tongue.
* .dui esiaDJisDed is. that Mr. Clay had to
numerous persons in various parts of the Union, before
nud after the meeting of Congress, avowed in (he most
unqualified terms, his determination to vote against
Jackson, under all possible circumstances- If this fact
is supported by such a weight of testimony (and same of
it, the testimony of enemies) as to render it indisputa
ble, it results necessarily, that his vote for Mr. Adams
cannot even plausibly be imputed to bad motives. Jf
it is true, that he declared his utter opposition to Jack
son, it follows that ho was oven obliged to vole for
f.Ir. Adams, as Mi. Crawford’s friends now admi«,
(ned the candid portion of them (hen admitted) that the
state of his health rendereJ it out of the question to
make him President. If ho had o hundred times vow
ed his resolution not (o vote for Jackson in any possi
ble conjuncture of circumstances—-if he could not vote
for Mr. Crawford for rensom bo strong, that his own
tiiends confess their sufficiency—lor whom teashe tu
vote but Mr. A Jain;? for his discretion was limited to
taose three. Is it not then a perversion of all foj
reasonirg, 33 well as a disregard of all liberal and f he
ritable feeling, to insist that a vote thus plainly rr_
rjuired by necessity was governed by corruption? Is
there in truth, any man of understanding who real1
believes this story of bargain and corruption? Or is it
a mere affectation of belief, assumed for politics! rite-.',
nud designed to deceive and mislead the !e>j mstruc*
ted and more credulous part of the community > Wo
desire to judge no man, and no man’s but we
canrot help (he thought, that lirernor’s 1 barges are in
tru'b, believed by no man of good understanding, who
has taken the trouble to examine tho evidence: but
th it 1 lie affectation of believing, is put on by some, and
acquiesced in by more, from a willingness to injure
Air. Adams and Air. Clay, and from knowing that of
all imaginable charges, this or having cheated (be peo
ple by a corrupt bargain between tbernRclvcs, was best
calculated for popular impression. That this charge
so vehemently made, so long anJ pertinaciously insis
trr! upon, has inflicted incalculable injury upon Messrs.
Adams and Clay, is not be denied. If Ccn. Jackson
is elected, to tli]9 he will owo his success If he is
elected, he will owe that rlovatioo to Geo. Kremer, and
ml »o any confidence of the prople in his virtue ami
qualifications. Hut assuredly, the time will come, i.
nm before the election, at least after if, wheo (ho repu
tatioa of Messrs Adams and Clay will bo vindicated
by tbe worlj, and tho vilo panders r.f tho slanders*
against them, bo consigned to tho ignominy which be»
fel an (dates and a Fledloe, wben popular dolusioo bad
yielded to facts, reason and reflection.
" e had rather bo a Clay, bunted by (lie blood
hounds o» faction, and persecuted by the cruel slanders
of political knaves and toad caters, than a Jackson,
elevated to hi? g.ddy height of spurious popularity, not
b> Ins own merits, but the oppression of just bud bo
lorabln men’? rrputatiou*.
(O’ Wiiile nc ask the attention of out readers to ido T
wholo correspondence published in Mr. Clay’s supple- I
wv’ vjo C33s:t -^f*,air c^'nrrj''r''Jipj fo lhe:"*8

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