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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, July 09, 1828, Image 4

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8<E>'?3 «»¥. __
I-INKS 15 Y MOM (.OVFltV.
-Ye quenchless stars! :o r Inept» ntJy bugli*,
ll rtt maided KcntriMR nf ii a shadowy night.
While halt tli*1 win Id is lapped m dowry dreams,
•'•'ll num! the la It ice cit:ep your midnight bean ?,
ll'iw swept to gaje upon your placid rye*,
In lambent beauty Igokbig from the skte:!
And wlien, oblivion* of the world, \vp sti.iy
At dead of night along gome noiseless way, (
How ilia h'Ait mingle* v.’itli tic.' iiumn I t f:•. *•
As if the starty lienvii* tnlfuscd a pour'!
Bee. tint it cloud i itrerrs yi• n peti -'T s\\ pp,
A xv.tvolnss sen of asmo, still ns sleep;
I'.tll in her dipamy light, the moon presides,
Shritifil in a halo, mellowing as stir n.Ip :
And fur nioniid, tlip truest and the stip.un
Bathe in the beauty of her einernld I" tun;
’•’lie lull'll w inds, to.-, are sleeping in thru r,i > • .
No stormy tourmois mil opciti the wave ,
JVatuic is bush'd, ns if her winks iidnte<!,
.Still'd by the presence of bet living l.m i!
And now, while t!u«>iigb the ocran-mantliiir hn.’c
A dizzy chain of yellow luilte plays,
.And moonlight loveliness hath veil*! the Sand,
Ho, stranger, muse thou by lit* wave-worn strand;
Cent'lies have glided o’er the balanc'd earth,
Mytindb have. ble-i'd, tun] myt iads fused rhpi, !m;i:
Still, yon sky-heae.'itis lifi’p a Niuiiev 4 ire,
Vusullio i t»s the tiod bn thion'd them linn'.
Though swelling earthquakes in a vr tiu a.r • mtj.li •' wnrld.
And king and kingdom f.om tiieii par e .ire hurlM,
Sublimely calm, they tun their hi ight ra rrrr,
t'nliecdfol nf the sturms and changes hcie.
We want no liymn to hear or pomp to sc ,
I'or nil auiumi is tiei p diviiiity!”
——■
Iron* the IstniJon 7 V
IIOW TO WHITE 1$Y FHOXY.
.Moil" our neighbour* the French, in rood olden time.
When nobility flout ish’d, great Hanots nml Didtes
Often sot tip for authors, in prose anti in iliyinc,
Xflit ne'er took t!:e tumble to write thei. onu boo!;*.
TAtor devil? were k rod to do this for theirbetter>;
And. one day, a i_5i .lt >p a idres.mg a lltur,
?aid, “Ma’am, have you rend my new l\ist.>,,il LettprsT’’
To which the Hlr:*. umneiV. — "Ain, 15i<,h» p, have you.”
The same is now done by ot.'r j rivtlrgcd >
And to show you hmv simple th•• proceed® u need",
If a great Maiur-GencraF w ishes to pass
Fur an Author of H.stoiy, tints In- pmect: is:
I trst scrubbing his mvii st->eU o: options aster"
As hi; can, rvith a "•.»arr-eluil!, that claiuishi’Tt as ki >,
Ho settles his inck-cluth— takes snuff —rings the be!’,
And yawnitigiy' m dors a Subaltern in.
"'The Subaltern come*- reps Sis Genera/ sentp !.
In all the sell glory ot authorship swelling,
“There le u 'sailh hi. l.ordship, “my rvoik is com: letpil,'1—
“Want® nothing i.ov, but the ginminni and spelling,”
M ell used to a bicnrh, the brave subaltern rli«-.«r!*
Aukward breeches r.f syntax a hundred limes more.
And, though often condemn’d to ere breaking of heads.
He had ne’er seen sum breaking of Fiiscian-; hc-fme.
However the job's sure to pay—that’s enough -
Soto it he sets with llis tinkeriug hammer,
Convinc'd that t!r,t,a never was job hull so tough
As llte mending .t gr.t it Majoi-Uei.eml’s grammar. i
]5ijt. In' a fresh puzzlement starts up to view
New toil for the Sub — for the Lord new expense:
Tis discover'd that uiending his grammar won’t do.
As the Sbbultcrn also must find him in sense.
At last—even this i® achieved by bis ari;
Friend Subaltern pockets the cash am!—the s'm v;
Drums heat—the new Grand March of Intellect's play'd_ !
And off atrut3 my Lord, the historian, ii. glory!
* Or Lieutenant-General, as it may happen to he.
REPORT ON RETRENCHMENT.
APPENDIX.—(conuTCD.) •
An. it.
DiirAnT.'j.cx r or- V.".\n. :
March liV2a.i
bin: The documents necessary to furnish:
ft satisfactory answer to the in juiries sub-'
mitted in t!ic letter which, as Chairman of'
the Committee of Retrenchment, von did
me the honor to address to me, have this!
moment been put in my hands, and 1 hasten i
to furnish the information, as far as practica
ble, required by the committee. The enclo
sed documents, as tar as the bureaus arc con-:
r.cmed to which they refer, will he sul’icicm
to satisfy the committee that economy has
been pursued in the expenditures of the pub
lic money, to the utmost extent, compatibly
with the successful operation.- of their bran
ches of the public sen ice. On this - masion. I
it may be allowed rue to say, that, a!wav.- '1
considering a just economy the true police;
of al! Governments, and particular!; ours.
Die first measure I adopted. on co."!d}i,r ■ nt***1
the Department, was to assemble the Thiels i .
oi tho dmeront Puis airs, and l<> urge upon
rncm its practice; art*! that m oibcia1.
act, a« trustees of the people, i- was our so
lemn duty to consider ouv.selv«->> in their pre
sence, and nccouulHMs : > them for our con
duct. .1 hat. with tins purpose. < .,*n1ir>u?dl\
lnjforc car eyes, though we might lail to ob -
tain approbation, we should at: bn wha* wn .
more valuable, a conviction thui wo dcsrr.e.J
:b As far as I am able to ascertain, the
course recommended has boon faithfulh pur
sued, and, wlv never occasion called for it, re
• <’cnc!*jn')iit has i> c!u’,c!c;l by in
die regulations; and that she committee will
1 '<irii wit a pleasure, that tlio a.dininist /at ion!
°* f-1*3 Department lui.s continually, for years i
};ast, loaded to a reduction of its expend’:-1
tures. To manifest, to the satisfuctionofthc!
comm::t o, thi; economical tendency, 1 have)
caused a synopsis to bo prepared of the dh-!
V'Ursotn.' nt tor the last :rn * years, divided info
three periods: the first embracing from *19
to‘-2I. both in- lmslve: the second from ‘22;
:•) ‘*4; and th third from to '27. De re
ferring to 1 lie*heads-ubject to the discretion I
ol the Department, it will be seen that the
amount of disbursement:: has been lessened. !
't he item of the Quarter Master's Depart
ment, in t.: o fi r.s? l)(.TsO - J, Wils A1,081 ,0 i j 1 9;u •
the lasrt, $890,930 BO; and, altiiough the great
-t number nt troops in the fir 4 period roust i
be taken into the account, j ot, after making'
tiio proper allowance for this circumstance,|
still the relative .r ing must be obvious.— j
Do, alwith the roiitin.'icneics r»f flic As-,
iny. Tn the h. 4 tf<;r«o i, th:; item of oxpen-c I
amounted to $1 GO,100 91; in the latter, to j
< 59,J91 and comparin'* the f;r. I ye*:r,;
in the fir: * eerie?. viith tn< k t y^ ar, •
*he la* t. Sorie?;, ’29. it u hi bn found in the for- i
mcrcase, if amounted to $8-2..5f..» 9!, and i: i
* ae latter, <o £10,922 .> i. & », also. with the!
*• On fi agencies of **■ • Indian Department: in
the s-'ooml period, ^boforw wliiclithe contin-*
goncics were blended vvith tin: pay of the a
geiits. dee.) amounted to £>1 ..••>; mt!-'
> 0., Ut rfw,iM0-> *• o .K yirtft p. ' -i f-i r-r* !•
licit brunch of expenditures of £'.M, 169 2-,L
in three years.
As it regards a reduction of the number of
officers in this Department, I do not believe
the public service will justify it. To this re
mark, a trifling exception may be made.—
During the last year, a vacancy occurred a
iiiong the clerks, which l forbore to fill, uu- ,
dcr a hope that it might be dispensed with
without much injury to the service, and
Tncieby ;i small saving be effected. In a
year «*;• two more, t!ic number of clerks may I
be diminished in 1 he Office of Lund Boun-t
ties and Pensions; as it is obvious, lime will]
, continually diminish the services be pvr-j
; formed in these cilices.
! As to the just compensation for public cm- j
iployment. it is one of the most difficult prob-j
: loins in political science,di about which much ]
i dillerencc of opinion prevails. Kvcn the stan-!
jdard of compensation is yet to be settled.',
i Shall it be confined to a support of the officer?
<\ slcil' if embrace that of his familv, and,
. bciotid their support, enable tin; iucumbcnl,
f<> mafic l<u liiem a reasonable provision.']
Shull lie be enabled to practice the courtesies \
] of hospitality, or be a mere isolated beast of
burden? Were we to judge this question by
lie anxiety to obtain appointments, indica
ted by t!u- number of candidates for oliice,
• and the zeal with which they pursue their ob
■ jort, wc should be justified in inferring that
u* salaries w ore iuu nign, it not cxortmant. j
t hi the contrary, if we advert to the impov-,
■'ii. lied condition of those, generally, who dc- j
vote tiu ir time tothc public service,"we should ,
be led to conclude that poverty is almost j
• in inevitable «<Tect of such devotion; and as
a ••oiiseijueiiec, the salaries, instead of being;
extravagant, were penurious. Allied there1
• li e occasional exceptions to this general ro
ult. effected by rigid economy, and great
shill iti the investment of money, vet the !ar
:'-ler proportion of public servants die m po—
verty, and leave their families in the most be
|rcayed condition. I therefore content my—
-cl!, instead of expressingany decisive opinion
•>n the propriety of reducing the salaries of
; oil leers, with presenting these difficulties to
j any satisfactory solution of the question
i propoumh*'1; and 1 do so the more rea
dily, as the committee will he much
belter able than myself to decide, cor
redly, the propriety of reducing salaries.—
hid finally, I am not advised of any expens
es incident to this Department, which can bo
reduced without impairing the efficiency of
its operations.
I have the honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
JAMES BARBOUR.
1 Sou. James Hamilton, Jr.
Chairman of the Committee cn
Retrenchment.
Micro follow statements in figures of the ex
penses of the Army. J
Yo. G.
1Josi Okvie:: 1)i:•,*.».r. r>;v.Nr.
-2<J Febrvari/ 1820. !
In answer to i cwr communication of
the idlh hist an*. muuiring whether there be
;ui\ o‘Jic-1 r.s in thi- i)cj»urfmcnt whoso sor—
M’-c • may im dispensed with, without dotri
meir. to the put die interest, or if the salaries!
r-i n tne.m can be reduced, consistently!
with justice and propric'y; and in general,i
wncther any of the e.vpon-oj incident to the I
Department can bo reduced, without impair- !
ing the efficiency of its operations;" I Lave j
the honor to submit a hasty but general I
scotch <.»; t ii o out lines (d lho business trausuc-!
ted, annual!}. in this Department.
'I lu re are i:t the United States I /J 1-1 mail
ionics. ■>'>,! > \ ua!( s of post roads on which
dm mail is annually ^transported; and about
post cdioow - Thc amount of postages
whi.-h will be collected in the current- year
we! o' e 'ed a million and a half of dollars.
fine following is a somewhat detailed
i iC <A fne ousiucss r the current yoari
J -:. \rranging the order and connexion j
8 !! ! mails routes, being one-fourth of the!'
hole, iwerv vear. j<
' i. ivmmtnmganti recording<5.000 nrono
j sals to»-carrying dir mail, comparing them,
: andd< deling the right, examining nunierou •
V i in. r‘ i;! a is v»hie!i accompany them, and
firm-dung rHetter of acceptance to each suc
j xv .v-liil applicant.
; ;h Preparing and causing to be recipro
! cally executed, •’It contracts, witli tii-di
■ cat! -;, bonds, and sureties.
| it’i. t 'tjjierinfending 1 ,fid J mail routes, rc-i
j gulating the movements of the mail, chan:?-j
ing itc direction, and examining the reports]
lol'tim daily performances of contractor:-.
55i). Appointing, registering, and commis
sioning more than 1,000 postmasters annual- '
iy. receiving and registering their bonds, as-1
I oer■Saining the responsibility of their sureties,;
j am! ( ;tnb!idung hundred.-; of new offices.
i-Mi. hupermiending the management ofj
uio;■ • than 7,0<>'<) post oiliccs, instructing post-'
mast''(S. furnishing them with constructions;
oft ho law, and investigating their conduct]
when complaints arc mail; .
7th. Receiving, examining, and adjusting!
more than Jti.OOO quarterly accounts of j*ost
masters; covering together about 000,000 fo-|
ho pages, with addition* of items, chiefly in!
ecu!-, amounting together, to more than)
$ 1,400,000.
frih. Entering, iti accounts current, 20,000 '
accounts ot Postmasters, with all their vo- i
rious items and furnishing statements to 2,- j
000 postmaster.-, ol error discovered in their !
accoun* ■.
Otin Opening more than i,000 dead let-j
' dyily, registering and forwarding to their j
proprietor;; - tch of them as contain valuable I
enclosures.
b»?h. 1 racing lost letters, detecting and j
prosecuting depredations committed on the
mail.
ttth. I nrnisliing, from {no book* of the
office, about I.joo postmasters, annually.
v,'ifb lull statementsoi their accounts.
} Settling, finally, the accounts, and!
--'big f>:« » of !.ooy pr>.,fm;|Vf„rwJ
,vln> auuualU go out ol*oilier, instituting ;>ud
superintending about JOG suits in law lot 1
recovery.
I 3th. Collecting by drafts and otherwise,!
quarter-yearly, the revenue arising from more '
than 7,'HJO post oJlicrs, cud reviewing the*
account ol each four ilines in a year.
i Jtli. Settling the accounts, and paying j
their amount, four times m the year, of* the !
several contractors on lain mail routes;j
making together G,57:3 accounts.
l*r,th. I'rocufing mail bags for all the!
routes, locks, keys, paper, the printing and
distribution oi blank forms for accounts tor
the different offices, amounting to many hun
dred reams.
Ioiii. ikeeping distinct and separate ac
counts with the post otfiens, with contrac
tors, ami other agents, requiring, besides thy
pic.iotis entries in accounts current, pay
books, cash books, dav books, and journals,
72,000 lodger entries!
i reputing, quaricr-yeurly, for the
treasury, statements ol the whole fiscal
ii Jiisuctions ol the. Department, covering, in
the ycai,about 1,200 large pages, accom
panied with aimut 15,000 receipt > and !2l>,
accounts, besides duplicates of all con
tracts ami proposals.
I lie i orrcspondcncc grow ing out of the
above operations will exceed six iumdred let
ters daily.—1 not unfrcquently open, with
j my own hands, between two and three hun
dred letters in a day, on business relating to
|tiie various branches of the office. So ex
l tensive and complicated are its details, that
jan accurate view of the annual amount of
ianor cannot be tonned, without some prac-j
tical know iedge on the subject. There is I
believed to be no civil branch of govern-'
mental operation, in this or any other coun—J
trv, which equals this Department in extent,
or which embraces so great a variety of in
terests. Not less than twenty five thousand !
.agents are daily and hourly engaged in its!
I service—-a greater number than all the a
jgents oi the Government beside, including j
! the Army and Navv.
In regulating this immense force, it can
not be organized into musses, and controlled
by responsible heads, as the Army and Na—!
yy. Most ol the Agents act separately and
independently of each other, and are'each!
responsible to the Chief of the Department,
i his arises from the nature of their duties,
and causes a more extensive correspondence i
than is required in the other Departments of
tlie Government.
The public interest is intimately concern- !
•'ll m the faithful conduct ol all the persons
employed in the operations of the mail; and j
the slightest omission of duty in any one of i
them cannot tail to produce sonic meonve-!
nience, which may a fiord ground of com-1
plaint. Lndcr such circumstances,-sonic I
! idea may be formed of the necessary energy j
1'"} l!\is °i^lce’ 'viiich controls and is responsi-1
i *v)* you individual acts oi so great a num-i
i oi l 'u agents. hat is nccossarv to he done *
! to;(,ay ennnot be postponed until to-morrow, I
without injury to the public, and probably j
s-omc hi. o oi character to the Depurfcniciit.1
hence, t.!io necessity of unceasing vigilance j
m a!i the clerks of this office. It is believed'
! they are as industrious and efii -r'iit as any!
| other officers ol the same grade employed!
. n\ the Government, and tiiat the public is as !
I much bcnclittod by their labors. They re
jeeive less compensation than the clerks cm-!
| i?l°yecl i:i the other Departments. A rcduc- j
j lion <»t then* number, or a failure to author- j
too necessary additional aid, will paralyze j
the operations of the Department, and cause ;
it to take a retrograde niov.nnau!. The ef
fects ol tins would be severely felt by the i
commercial and other interests of the coun
try.
1 know of no expenses incident to the Dc-!
partment wliicli can lie reduced, without
Impairing the efficiency of its operations. In !
the making of contracts, :m ..ever*! , r.-ars !
past, there lias bi - n a grea • - hm n •
expenditure, taking into view die amount of!
service provided for; but this can only be ac-j
eompiishod by t ho ordinary progfess of ma-.
king contracts.
With gicatuespocr,
I have 1 lie honor to be
i our obedient servant,
JOHN McLl-AN.
Hon. JHamilton, C!i <*•".
Xo. 7.
How .1 amiss Hamilton, Jr.
( hair man Select (JontrniUc:
Sir: Your communication requesting the
Clerk of flic House of Representatives of t!ie
i'. Slates to inform the c 'inmittee tlvvlieUi!*r
any reduction can be made in the number of
clerks employed by linn, or su trie contingent
expenses of the House, without injury tothe
public service,” has been received: anil,in an*
swer thereto, the Clerk begs leave to state,
that iio reduc tion can bo made in the nuiu*
her of the clerks in his office, without serious !
inconvenience to tho business of the House.1
and without rendering it impossible for him
to keep up the present arrangement, estab
lished during the two last sessions. Their!
pay I do notdiink one cent too high consi
dering tho duties performed.
The committee know how many hours are
necessarily devoted, during the session of:
Congress, more than in any public office, but
I am satisfied no one can know without being'
out he spot, the am mnt of labc • done din ing
the recess.
The average recording done, during a re- j
gcsh, from an estimate made, if paid for. at!
the usual price, would be about $3,100 To 1
this must be added the compiling, alliterating,1
copying and correcting proofs of indexes to
the Journal, Executive Reports, Bill Books,
and Reports of Committees; collecting, exa
mining, re-arranging,filing, and endorsing all
papers used during the session; arranging)
printed documents for binding; arranging o- <
riginal Executive papers for binding; collec
ting and arranging all the bool..-: settling all;
; (V-O}••'* • jrju’-’-rg r' .,1 for
2 rea.-au \ and ij;- :lit; ileus,, an>uerne* all
«*.a?!s from t!»o diihr»;ni Departments, fur*pa
pers on wliieh legislation has taken place;'
answering all communications from members
and private individuals, i: * uding copies of
papers; and a multitude of other matters,
which cannot be cstimutc.d, incident, to Un
oilier? extending over, or connected wit!?, all
the legislation of the Union. These estima
ted duties cun only be valued by the timo
employed, wnicli, i think, could not be done
i?t less than £2,300, hi addition to the 3,-100
dollars,pwdiing the work done worth £5,700,
or equal to six months and a half of alhhcsa
lariee.
(In the subject ei the contingent expenses
oi the House, I beg leave to refer the com
m'ttec to the report of the Committee of
i Accounts, at the last session, on the cx
jpenditurcs of the year !S2ii, as follows;
1 ** i he Committee of Accounts, to whom
was referred the resolution of the 19tb.
i instructing tb.om f<> inquire, into the oxpedi
ieney of reducing titc contingent* expenses of
j t!?is House, beg leave to report:
J ‘-That they nave examined the oxpoudi
j turos ot the House ol Representatives, as
presented in the last account of the Clerk, u
! mounting to $7<1,788 81; of which sum, the
I standing expenditures, viz: printing, stalion
j ary, hook-binding, fuel, newspapers, post-of
j lice, and messengers, make the sum of 405,
990 75.
incidental expenditures, now and old iur
nitr.ro, $ 3(>‘J 93; the miscellaneous expenses
amount to $8,1 27 98; of which sum, $0,151 33
were expended in pursuance of direct legis
ht’ion, ami orders by the House, leaving only !
1,97. 65, over which the committee had u
control, and all of which was expended by
the Clerk and doorkeeper, for object; doe-i
mevl proper and necessary by the com-;
mittco.
“ I he whole of this sum having been ex
pended by the orders ol the House, except;
the small balance expended by the clerk and
door-keeper, deemed necessary, the commit
tee do not find that, under the existing reso
lutions and orders ol the House, there can bo
any reduction ol the contingent expenses
thereof; and ask leave to be discharged
from the further consideration of the subject.”
from this it will he seen how small a por
tion ol the moneys is expended, except by di
rect legislation.
for the year 1827, the sum expended was
$39,5 37 15; of which sum the standing ex
penditures; viz; printing, stationary, book
vnn< ing, fuel, newspapers, post-office and
messengers, make the sum of 68,760 GO. In
cidental expenses, new and old furniture,
$893 2. The miscellaneous expenses amount
to $18,008 53; ol whichsum, $12,21925 were
expended by the Clerk and door-keeper, for
objects deemed proper and necessary by the
Committee of Accounts. The excess of 1827
arose chiefly from reprinting the Journals up
to the 11th Congress; ongraving and printing
maps and charts; and, also, providing the sta
tionary for the present session, which hcrcto
lore, was paid to the contractor after the year
expired; so that the account of stationary oik
1827, in fact, embraces the lust and presen t|
session.
From the aforegoing statements, it will be j
perceived that the Clerk cannot point to any i
items of expenditure which might be dispen-!
sed with, without alleging that the Housa-i
nas directed useless expenditures, which, die i
Clerk most respectfully takes leave to say, j
would be getting “above his business.” * j
The question lias often boon asked of]
mo, “Why do we have so many messen-i
^ers? ^ i can only say, that, so long as the
same laoor is required, not one cun be dispen- ■
sed with.
In trutii, trom my chief clerk down to tiip j
runners, every one “goes for the work,” and !
not by the hour.
*1 r „ 1
.dost r. . -‘i-i’v e;;,.
i - V ' ‘ >
v "Ur obedient ser *
' ST. CJL . R (JLARS 1,
Cist Feb., 1823. Clerk H. cf ti. l\ S.\
| No. 3.
. Statement «.l the sums of money uhichhavc
been disbursed through the State Depart
l.'ijnl, and settled at tho Treasury upon
the certificate of tho President without
i specification, since the 1st day of July.
17DO, specifying the sum paid in each
jCm: furnished m compliance with a let
i icr fhc Chairman of the Committee
on Retrenchment, of the 13th ofl'ebruarv:
j 1323.
! On the lGth Sept., 1822, 14,000 00
j I roui the 20th Nov., 1812 to the
j 10th March 1813. M 6,y> „{;
. In the year 1313, ' 11.093 74
ir,o oo
1^, 700 00
1S2fh 100 00
102.3, .'1,000 00
, 182.1. 2.130 32
182G. 1,700 co
1826, 1,0(18 GG
1827, 0,95G 10
£90,051 20!
l ay incuts oi a similar nature to the fore
going were made under the act of the 1st of!
duly, i 790, and subsequent acts, but from the i
<»osfiuction of accounts and vouchers by the
• onflagration of 1814, the Treasury do not:
possess the means of asrertainingtiicamuuuts i
expended with any precision. In tlie printed ‘
puolic n#> mints for the year 1794, however,
the sum of 1,500 appears to have been aci-i
winced to Edmund Randolph ^Secretary of i
State, on account of the “contingent char-!
ges of Government,” pursuant to instructions ;
of the President of tho I . States;and also!
ui the sarne accounts for 1790, the sum of
000 appears to have been advanced to Ti- J
niothv Pickering, Secretary of State, “to de-!
ir; v 1 c$nfingent charges of Government.v!
- i’.2.vstTRY Department,
IZcghfcrtt Office. Feb., ‘2V, 1828. j
.lOSEPfl NORILSK. Re"
;?<• pi: o.vr;’ ;T!i.)
MlhtliLLA X HO L M AKTIULliS.
the Democratic Press.]
W« have just icail tho address of the Rev. Mr. Mju
rrir. dehvticd before the Host on Hibernian Relie:
Society, on tho 7th of April, uj<20. R „ „ beautiful
ooiuposit ion. The rapid, birds-oye view of the Histo
ry ol Ini mi! has til the tncnf, but alas! none of the
charms, of Truth. The struggles the overthrows, (he
deep injuries of Ireland, are touched in light but mel
ancholy strains. Tho dark scones of bloud, the bold
ti iitnjdis ol injustice; the ignominious execution of her
best and bravest sons in the most sacred and holy o.
causes; are doomed too agonizing and heart-appalling;
too .liicly to rouse the tiercost passions, nnd givo birth
to tho deadlu'bt revenge. From them the Minister of
the '-"•T-l lurtis with u thrill of honor; his eyes wept
rivers of team over the cruelty and injustice of the op
pressors of Ireland, but as a servant of the Prince of
1 face, lie ueeps down, even in his own heart, the bur
ning words winch while they would speak hit own em
otions would enkindle still more powerful ones in tl,*5
bosom of hi? countrymen and hearers.
He pass fnnn this melancholy therne, but will do
ourselves ihfe gratification to submit the concluding
page of Mr. Martin’s address, uot because it is moie
icaiitniii, more true, or more eloquent, than other
paits of the address, but became it ts ttio concluding
pago. i will thrill other hearts than those which firTi
beat on l.iin’s shores
"I notv turn lomjr countrymen. Dearand patriotic
I inn.; s-o strong has been your love of liberty that you
| nave sought tho nymph on these western shores. You
, c n -1 not find her on tho banks of the sweet Shannon,
II ie '*,rro"% <bn IVore, tho llarn, nor by the Uoyuu
, waters. ton could not find her m the deserted hall of
, incicRt ctiiettasns. The fniustrols aro no more,
j You tied from your own beloved land, and left beauti
i domains, that should have been routs, in ;he hands
j i>. the foes to your liberty, and here in this free realm *•
I \« ii may form associations At friendship towards Ireland
| ;t ,Vou'd bring upon you there, the jaundiced scowl
j cf power; hut here the amiable, the bent vplent, the
, good are your friends, and the eyes of heauty loot
mote sweet as they melt with the story of your wrongs.
, j : .rtiit-ciiiiii toyour own—you may
emba.m in your mptncms the sainted names of thou
sands who havo buffet ted the waves of the stotmy polit
ical sea, winch blushed with the blood of the martyrs cl
butr'y. Carried down by a vast Uerwhclming ibicc
tlKsa patiiwts are gouo, and the soil for which they
toiled and Med refuses them a monument. Do you
bear the memories of these men on the lab’ets of your
bi-aits, lie the living moouinentr of tl.o great and
good; and often at evening’s pensive hour, let the green
landscapes of l.rin rise up fiesli and blooming to the
uiind’s eje, anJ let memory call u,. the echoes of your
eanv joys and sorrows till the voice of the dead shah
apin hi cake upon your eais. Let tho silver tiumpet
of eliquenco again bo swelled with Ibe depai ted breaiii
of Fi.aoil. ol tln vTTA.v, oi Cuiuvax; let the celestial
image of your country ’s gpeatness rise before you, all
melancholy as it is, tu be remembered—cherished—
loved.
Many ot you have parents or children in Ireland, anti
you can never forget them. You havo descended froi.r
i lustrious names, & your family standards ate tent and
bloody in liie tierca strife of intestine war—in wliicU
your eneinie3 have had the address to array brother
against brother, aud the father against the bod.
1 call upon you to come arouud the ollar of this as
sociation as around Ireland’s last hope. Yon stand uu
an eminence which overlooks the earth, and thecut
cry your sufferings unites with this great nation’s
voico for the rights of man. You stand under tho
shade of the temple of liberty whose pillais weie rear
ed by VViuiiNGTON, and by the flame that encircles
t ie temple’s baldements you cancleaily soe what your
own country wonhl have been had your generous wish
es and noble exertions been crowned with success.
I ntcJ not urge yon from month to month to pour
yonr treasures into the urn of this Association. You
w.!l tally unsolicited, and'givo your gold as freely r,.s
your country’s patiiats have poured out their blood;
asm those ribs oi heucvolenco, Idee lovely mountain •
streams, shall leap from rock to rock in fbamir;;
brightness, anJrin the broad smiling plain, meet a thou
£a"d k.odrcd rivulets; the terns' bhnll become a river
— the king of streams, to roll majestically with glorious
waves through happy provinces, and then, with tho
roar of free bom waters, it shall meet and divide tho
ocean surges, and hold on Us unpolluted comae till it
shakes the coral foundation of that lovely isle where
are tho supulchres of our fathors. I will ray no morn
to exoile the benevolent emotions of those who havo
1*1 ’ ‘e ,roar cf ll,e e*letn»natii)g cannon thunder
toy a.ty and death in the streets of their native cities, f
will paint no more images of suffering to rouio tho
hearts at lhose who have seen the prisons and gibbets
crowned with thin’s chivalrous sons; and have seen tho
midnight diikncss redden with the Inrid fires of deso
lati&n and the bayonet ex pi on: g its way to the couch
ol innocence and beauty.
I . CAPTAIN CLAPPEllTOX.
: H:c following particular* of tho death of Captain
! TIappeitoo, R. we liave just lecmved from tbn
: mouth of Richaid Candor, hi* scrvaut, who attended
• turn mi n;s last morr.cQts.
• :r lhrt !S,h >227, Ht 0 o’clock If. (he
, ':'“i i , in*rcr-id *r ..yeiier hicnthed ids last n ;
J. ’ ” 'V 'f'nbnnt 15 day*jouiepv f't :n Ti.o»
i • is I'l-iCe- i.isti.-d 02 days. Aa we stated yes
llMda>'- •he complaint hy which he was lost lo the
| world, wasdjsno'ary. He appears to have been per
I fcct.y aworoof his approaching fate; was quite resign
i cd to if, and died to (ho arms of his servant without a
| slinsrg.e. The Captain was thirty eight years of vge.
ii is consoling to know, that in the Irving circum—
I stances in which lie was placed, oppressed by consum
‘ illness, in a foreign land, ho die not lose si-dit of
j die value of the consolations of Religion. Every°Son
' morning he caused Lander *o read to bin: the nray
j ors used mi tho Sei vice of the Church ofCnglacd, an.}
; uf-qiiently occupied himself in other acts of devotion.
'v hen the ( aplain was no more, our informant wash
, cd tr.e remains of«hi«i master, and wrapped a clean
i slii-et round his body, which he subsequently enclosed
' in a blanket, and the whole in a piled of matting, cot
| tins r.ur being knowu iu i!<at country.
'1 he body was then carried on the back of a camci.
an J convoyed lo a grave which had been prepared for
i<« reception by Lander, and some of the Captain’*
•mtcu slaves, in a small garden in the village of Jauo- -
g.-un uve miles to the southeast of Sankatco. The
Mn,Cl "ffc lcd >sy <‘i>o of the slaves. The remains,
we.o tallowed to (heir resting place by four olLeis.
and by (no farthtnl dcnrwstic from whom we tiave ob
tainrd Inis account. On lowering the body into the
gnu r, the Union Jack was waved over it hy Lander,
and the Burial Service was then read by the same in
dividual.
While he remained at Sackatoo the natives treated
him with (be greatest respect. During bis bat illness
bu wants were imperfectly provided for, owing to Ihu
oar barons state of that society, ia which he was deslr
oed to close ins career. Chicken broth and boiltu
milk and rice, were the articles of sustenance which
supplied. Uer.r or wine was not to be obtained.
j'Y Lanig w.ig n-porteJ to have perished in I>cc.
I . i. < n - ;* foby refuted, as a letter was received b v
hi-uifo at I a ipeli, dated February, IC2G, from a vi.i
ago but n short distance from Tiinbacloo. In that let
ter tho Major apologised for its brevity, which, In.
nuiird, was caused by a severe sabre wound which he
hjd received on the back of ins right hand,
JlMtdun Courier*.
Dr,.Atraiu: Brk.vk water. The President o/lhi.
t . States has appointed Corn. Rodgers. Ceuural Bet
riai J and Mr, Strickland, of Philadelphia, coroinissiim-.
ers *•> locate toe. breakwater in the Delawaic, and fut
•ii-.ii the ora wings nod estimates. They are' io&truo
ted to provide a harbor for the largest class of vessels
of war. l his woik vvi.j oc placed in tho way of bein'
rapiuly executed. [AVti Renter. °
1 mi Manufa::ti,ift of oogor. from lb a Beet, ccu.iuues :v
.n' in Fiance, it h stated that there are more than ,
m.. y manufactories for the purpose iu that country. Three
: vr •? c: K,*’*'-} v r . -.. , j,:gJ

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