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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, July 16, 1828, Image 1

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-- .-fflg"**0*1*- viiKiiN’iA, w!• i>.\K.--i7\v lau&], juj.i- ,c, isr~ aBHBH . ' —"
\ or.. V.—IVo. 50.
H r’ The CojrsTiTrriosAt Winr. is published twice n
week, (Wednesdays and Saturdays,) at five dollars per
unntim, payable in advance.
ill: ‘ Previous t»> a discontinuance of the paper, nil ar
Ioarages must be paid up. And those who may wish to
discontinue, will notify the Editors to that effect, at least
thirty days before the period expires for which they suh
Ilj-* l or advertising—7.1 cents a square (or less) for the
first insertion, and 5*3 cents lor each continuance,—The
number of insertions must be noted on the MS. otherwise
'ney will lie continued and charged accordingly.
tlT All letters to the Editors must he post-paid, or they
will receive no attention.
d . Notes of chartered specie paying llanus of any of
t ii States will be received in payment for subscription to
Hie Whig, though Virginia or U. States Hank Notes would
lie preferred; and remittances can be made through t!.c
I‘ost Office at the risk of the Editors.
James M. Garnett to the Public.
A I/niOUGn, for seven years past, Mrs. G.\n
nv.tt’s annual advertisement of her School at
f'.lm-W ood, risscx Coun'y, Virginia, has been, as we
* believed, sufficiently circumstantial, as well as public;
. still, occasionally lipa' ol many persons much misin
formed, and of o'hers—not informed at nil, in regard,
cither to its principles, or management. A more par
ticular account ihurefurc, than has vet been given, will
now he offered for the examination of all who may de
sire to see such an exposition. la taking' this course,
J am not actuated by the slightest inclination to oh- ]
trude any notice of this little establishment on such1
persons "as may feel no curiosity about it; or to inter
fere, in the smallest degree, with the claims of other
i eachers to public attention. Mv sole object is, tc
supply oil deficiencies in the information hitherto giv- 1
ani* 1° supersede, if possible, the necessity for any .
more such minute details on future occasions.
I irut then, as to the principles on which tho 1:11m— ’
Wood School is, and always has becu conducted, i
1 lie sum and substance of these may be comprehend- i
i'd in the following brief summary. To substitute a- '
mong the pupils, as tar as possible, moral restrainlsand
religious motives, for physical cocrr.lion, and worldly!
temptations: such, for example, as the apprehension of I
iHiing wrong because it is offensive to GoJ, instead oft
the faar of punishment from those who have the rule ,
oyer them;—(he affection for Parents and Teachers, ■
together with the ardent lore of knowledge and virtue,
in place of the stimulant of ambition, and (he passion
tor general adrniratiou. To impress it deeply on (heir
minds, and in their hearts, that tho para mount objects ;
‘j* 011 enuca«ion,—injects (o iviitcii all their usual sctio- *
l;islic exercises serve only* as so many stepping-stones,;
--are, seif control, a fondness far raiding and s esc fit |
netupatian, utith honourable, generous feelings and tir :
'you* conduct resulting from genuine ihristian fuitlu j
T“l> the foregoing have been added continual endea- j
'furs to persuade them, lisat nil merely selfish gratia- !
cations when made the objects of eager pursuit, arc ■
unworthy ihe nature and destiny of rational, immortal j
beiugs. who should ni .var s seek their chief happiness in j
liriremitted effort!. to promote the happiness of others. 1
'I hese have been the principles, invariably, aud tin j
ceaaingly acted upon at Elm-Wood, /rom a thorough!
and deep conviction, that no imaginable plan of in
sfrCclinn sounded upon anv other, can possibly accom- •
plish the great ends of Education. It is not "doubted.!
that, under a diilerent system,—a system, whose mov
ing power is emulation,—whose highest objects ore ml
miration, applause, and eclat, there irav be pioduccd
in our daughters a marvellous smattering of science
aiid 1 terature. finished oil” with a profusion of external,
—-showy acquirement under liic general denomination
••"f accomplishments. It is cveu very possible under •
ihe impelling influence of such a leader to scale the j
loftiest heights ot Parnassus itself;—bu*—would w«
errn approach the throne of the Omnipotent, eternal \
the fheavens, (which all Teachers of the present day,
at least profess to believe our chief business on earth,) {
<vir march must fee under ns different a banner, as it :s ■
possible to coiicci*--e. This is neither more nor l«-:s,
than the banner oi true chustian humility, and Chris
tian duty, ever leading us, with untiring ze*'1, to im
prove to the utmost, every talent committed to tir., be
cause it is the rmnlterablo W ill of the I leaver lr G ivur,
toat such should be our chief occupation in the present
1 life. It is deplorably true, that no endeavours Lowe
vrr earnest or indefatigable, to educate children on the •
foregoing piiooiple3, will always,—or even in a maj iritj
of cases, he crowned with complete success; r.r>r have
the Peddlers ot Elm—Wood ever claimed for them
selves ary peculiar powers (o overcome the uvunl ob
stacles to tire execution of such a plan. Put so long j
«» they publicly offer to teach the children of others, it
surely fs their duly fully to explain their principles and 1
views an this universally infercrtingsnb'r-ci. This ex
position 1 have endeavoured to give for them; and will <
here close it by stating the final purpose of all thcii la- ,
hours This has always been, and still is, to restore
their Pupils to their relatives and friends, rrrdy.—ns
Tar as their Teachers could prepare them, to fill their !
respective stations in society with hearts an.l under*- 1
brandings formed both to confer red to enjoy all the *
happiness that can flow from purity of principle, recti-!
tude'of inteniion, and an abiding consciousness o! J
faithful endeavour.* to d • every doty both to j
God and to man. It is nut for /to «ay how fir this
purpose has 1 een attained,—this being a matter of |
which r/i-ers r ust judge. Ect it Rufliceon my part, if j
I state with all Ihe rennisite fuilnevs aid perspicuity,
ryrr objn f, and i!is means relic*! upon for i!s acconv- :
.. . . ..... , V . *. .... *.. L*. ... j
.1 T will now advert to the details of its management: —
not with the most remote view of producing any in- j
\e vidious con»rarison-', for many schools mai be much i
enperio! in this reaper*; but =o!c! v to-give coirc t in- '
fi>rmatio:i. having heart! of many who are shil without
»t. IV!r-. Garnett’s r pi1-. 1 or family, and their com
pany always breakfast and dine together; evening tea
and coffee on'y. are taker, separately, merely ns matter
of greater c«t: venieimr; hut some lady yf (be family is
constant!' v.i 'i bar scholars on this occasion. They .
•odge in the same house, & on the same floor wills ftln*.
<».,—two t; their chambers being immediately con tig- j
uou3 loiters, while in each of the others, at least onr
Tady of her family is always with them. They have
free access into every lodging or silting apartment in'
the whole building,—all the first br,ing occupied by
ladies; nor is there any into which many of them do not !
frequently go, except the small one in which business
is necessarily transacted, and visitors are received. To
fudge these, and our sons, when with ns, separate hous
es are appropriated. The pupils have always associa
te,'! on the most friendly footing with all llm ladies of
tiie family, (nine *n number,) going into their rooms
whenever they chose; and enjoying, as often a- incli
Tiation prompted, whatever advantage could ho derived
from such intercourse. Scve.ral apparently sincere
friend'ihipa, and much intercourse by lett< , have re
nted from this intimacy. If at any unoccupied time,
tile scholars h ’ve preferred each other’s company, as
y booi-wates usually do, it bar always been th'ir mm
r-:>j)iro\ never Mrs. Garnett’s prescription, who has stu
ilo'rsly sought frequent opportunities nut ol school to
£ iv? them her society, whenever she believed they
desired it; or o dd he benefited by it. Those who
n’vc mosf sought, have, of course, received most of it;
»nd some possibly, may have ascribed this to that spe
cie? of partiality which Mrs. O. would dccin it a high
.’v culpable breach of duty, cvc-r to indulge. To this
./•cling she has never yielded on any occasion wbate
*:r; nor has there Over hero the slightest difference in
;u0 treatment c ' her Ji’.-oiV but *l.at rvhia.h they their.

j selves have made necessary by some difference in their
i °,vn deportment. Many of them have never received
: one word of blame or reproof during the wholo time
' they hove been under her core; while not a few have
! compelled her to bestow betb. These last however,
i ,jave invariably been spoken to, with such manifestn
toms of parental solicitude for their welfare, as she
doubts noi that all of them will rcaddv acknowledge.
A confession of their fault has always followed, and
fiom none has ehe received stronger proofs of uffcclion
! ate regard, than from several of those whom she has
; had occasion thus to lecture. This biings me to the
consideration of rewards and punishments. The first
; consist solely, in approbatory cards, given without ref
jerence to the comparative standing of the pupil with
i scoool-motes, so as to exclude as f.ir as practicable,
a spirit of rivalry. The punishments are, admonition'
i remonstrance, short confinement, and reproof, which
last is usually giveo in private:—the rod is never used,
| even among the smallest childirn. During the whole
I session, Mrs. Gnrnett spends every morning, when
health permits, with her pupils; Sundays crc not excep
ted, end she remains fiom a few minutes after sunrise,
until the prayer and breakfast hell rings. This time
! is devoted exclusively, on tho Sabbath, ard chicilv on
other days, to their inoial anJ religious instructico*, by
free, familiar conversation; by reading to them rdi
gious, moral, and entertaining books; or requirin'*
them to read to Iu»r and each other, works of such '
a cbaiaeter. White she reads most of them do needle- I
work; which is also one of their employments for Sa- ■
tunlay s. I reparation is likewise made on tome of the i
mornings for the regular lessons of tho day. Six or
seven hours, according to the season, of the rest of the
tire days in every week, «re occupied in their Hated
school excicises, and always in (lie presence of some i
ono or more of their four tear hers. A regular course
of moral, historical and other instriic'ive reading is !
uscigoed for carh pupil who gets her lessens ready he- .
fore the stated hours of recitation, that tho whole time :
may be fully occupied. On every other Sunday a •'
majority <1 her pupils attend, in good weather, an E- :
piscopnl Church about a mile distant. They also at- I
tend a Hi Hie Class taught in the house, where a Sunday j
School is kept by some of the i.v.nily, for the voungei
girls, during two or three hours of'the day. Within j
tho period from every Friday evening to Monday mor
ning ihey arc required to write compositions, which I :
always examine and ccrrfrt,— a few only of the nu- '
i_:_t_ ■ . r_ . «■. , J . . 1 .
» '"ft IIVJC iiJiun; C.M uijr.UJ ilUill ini') L.lBli*
Once in every period of two mid a half months they arc
minutely, hut privately examined in their various stu
dies; and have regular lectures delivered io them on
topics intimately connected with their scholastic i>ur
subs. lint of the general character of these lectures
the public can better judge by reference to the two
volumes already published. F.ach cxaminaiirm closes
w’ith recilationstc myselfof select poetry committed to
memory, ns a means of improving both their literary
taste, and their manner of reading, Thej’ are also,
frequently exrrcised in reading prose aloud to Mrs. G.ar
nett: nor does she exempt even those who are most ad
vanced, from occasionally spalling by heart words pio
miscuously chosen out of (he hooka they read to lier
To these enumerated sources of improvement la added
the free, use of a wpll selected library, now consisting
of more limn twelve hundred volumes. This is con
stantly at the service of her pupils without charge, or
restriction; except tint Mrs. flamptt always require?
to ho consulted on what they should rend. Much gen
eral information beyond what can nosetblv he. acqui
red, nieielv in (he usual school studies, has (bus been
oh! .ined by a ! who will atuiiy out of school; whir it, in
justice to fiicm/i Ivec, 1 must say that wintry hav« done
most diligently, in the night, as well as during man} cf
their hours of recreation. 7'o expect ail to do »t, might
malic a vn'v pleasant dirrtn for an enthusiast of the
perfectibility cieed; hut it won!;! be totally at war with
all experience. They write to their frirnfls when the.v
please, without ’heir letters ever being examined, un
less they themselves request it:—Their (earlier deem
irg it tar better that these llpi-iles cult) go with all
their blunders and imperfections uncorrictcd, than
that the freedom rf intercourse between parent etui
child, guatilinu and ward, -hcr.ld, in any degree, he
restraintor that so fair an opportunity to judge of the
pupil's progrr-s slmuM he withheld. Tiieir recreations
occur three tnorc a day, at stated intervals. The time
allowed is, altogether, about three or four hours in Sum
mer, and about two hours in Winter. This they are en
couraged to spend in active exercises, although many
pass the greater putt of it l:i reading. That it is atrfiieent
lor a!' the prr’n-i ? of health, seems demonstrated by the
fact, that not a single death has ever occurted among
•the pupils, and not more than three or four cases of se
rious iWness, although (;,<* school has continued seven
years, and from first Iotas?, as many a3 111! scholars
have entered, several of whom have remained during
every vacation, specially for health. The gentlemen
who teach Music and Di'nwing, alternately speed one
fortnight in every month with 113. In the absense of
tiie fiist, his pupil* are required to practice one hour
every day. except on Sundays; and they are at liberty
at an}- other time, when disengaged from school, to
play ns much ns they please on any of the three pia
nos kept for their use.
incompxoi.ng me iorrgomg account ot the i.jm
Vdnod School, it* principle*, nod it* management, if t
my prixiety tn state nit that possibly might be desired. j
bus led me to say morn than enough, (be fault i- now 1
past rnutrify. Hut no adequate justification, T (rust.;
iri!! lie found iu the deeply mtnteslinjr nature of the j
subject of Tvfuention itsplf; a® tvell as in the. fact, that j
fully to explain any veil meant endeavour in such a;
case, may possibly benefit many, and can inputs none. •
A» virch an explanation alone, have 1 aimed: and tf.r«, :
i hope, has no tv been given in a inarner which enti
tles —it leaM to candid, impaitial inquiry.
For Hoar! ar l Tuition, from tier 1'! of Orbilidi ,
to tint I?; of A iignsf, payable half yearly in ad- j
varce, in any or in all of the following branch- ]
e~, to wl :— r.iigii-h; Writing; Arithmetic} Gen- j
grapliy, with die use of tin- Globes; Belles I,cures, J
and Coinjro'ition, with the .artsnf Befitting and J*
ltci-itatii ti: the Hlement- of Ghetni!,try,of iValii- ]
ml-nnd Mtiril I’tii!. sopby; the Latin, French, ]
and Jv* liars Lange aye*, with genera! History, '•
Broun.1 Leddinsr—if f iroWied by Mrs. Garnett. p)
T’.o?* i, if required, during A’lgtis*. and Sepfem
be'; Lie oi "y vncftl. ",
l fin « in imisic, '■'? »<*ti mourns. In hawing )
and Fainting. for tl<e «arne time, .JidO, but pxrftr- i
:.ive ofmnterials, an t payable through Mr. Gar- J .J70
netl to il.e rrspertive Teachers, lit ibe cud of the |
Session on the 1«t of August,
Bocks nod Stationary supplied fur cash, at large dis
Scholars will br received at any age or at stnv season, to
pay only from the time of entrance} but after entering, no
deduction will be made tor absence during the session, if
taken home on visits.
It is respectfully rf quest" 1 that all applications for pla
ces nay be made immediately in Mrs. Garnett, nr myself,
cither in person or by iercr, directed to Loretta, Fsses
county, Virginia.
We also earnestly solirr all \}',o design to confide their
daughters and wards to Mrs. Garnett's rare, to send them
t>7 the lit of October, or r.s soon thereafter as practicable,
j that they tuny avoid I've great inconvenience to which all
pupils are unit void ably exposed, who enter any iccbonl
: long after the classes nro formed, and have made some
| progress in their regular courses of study.
I Hotf-WooD, Esrtx 7 a. ,Tu*)j Id, 132J.
Farmers’ Bank of VmnmaT
TUX President end Director, have dcclHl jlfevidor.d
of two and n bait per rent. ,ilL. Cnn.mlWk fj,
j tlie last six months, which will he lo r',. ,
j on the loth instant. \VM K’I 'K > T v rs: ■■
9 th Jttly, 1888. -'■..h,.K\ FS, Cash^r.
Ur t~jRGlZ&jfrj
T~th July, 1 0 2Sik. V
in: President and Director* have* this da/^la.erl a
Dividend of three per cent. o„ the CapiMl Stock,
pnyabl#» after tuc l.jlh mst.
duly 9~4t_W, DANDIUDGK, feashV
lVenty Dollars Reward.
I4A|5VlT"y 0,1 ,,rJStsi,S!aM' " «>»•>'• named
7. - r V«’ He is about 2!) V. ars
Old, ^ fret 2 or O inches high, well built, and ,„ther dark.
A nun..icr of soars from burns are on hts hands, nrmsar.d
legs, rind n remar kable hole lii;,. sniaj, s!ir)t h„,H( 1K.;lr
cino ear. I will give the above reward lor apprehending
raid negro and delivr.ung him to me at L.lge 11 ill coal pits,
ienr.cu county, or securing him in a„y jail M, that l cct
Jtlly2 _ „
for London.
I he Ilarijue PRUDKNT, !m;j:;i;oi.i.
Master—to sail on the Stli August. For
(might of 100 HJuls Tobacco, apply to
June 21—6t* C. & A. WARWICK.
4 iiawpsomf. nssatirc.ei.t cf French Batiste, F.oudnn
T*. printed Cambrics, plaid and striperid liughams, Tbroad
f.aces, rich Scarfs anil llilkfs. Gauu and Grosde Naplt"
Rihhons, worked end plain Muslins—with n variety of
other Goods received by the Planter, far sale at very low
prices for cash, by HAUL ITCH-SON.
June 28_ ’ ,s
Grermsoi and Irish Ljnens.
i IS K an.I extra superfine Gentian Linens, of very
-■ superior texture
J*’* _ do Irixli do
1 or sale at low prices for cash, by
.Time 28—ts_ _hall NE1LSON.
Luries IN e civ La ml fox Sale.
* virtue ol a Heed of trust, executed to the snbscri.
iP ber end others by Wade Mosbv the elder, and wife,
hearing date the fnh day of May, I8£l>, and duly recorded
in tile clerk’s office, ot the county court of Henrico, for
purposes therein mentioned, and by consent of tile patties
interested in all previous deeds of trust on the property,
■will he sold, no Monday, the £Nst July next, if fair, if
; not, tiia IWXI fair day thereafter, to the highest bidder, on
i tin: premises,at public auction, for ready money, that well
known tiact oi land lying in Curies Neck in Henrico
county, called Old Curies, containing 522 acres, |,e the
i same mote or less. This tract of In ml is so well known.
that it is deemed unnecessary to enumerate the many
| advantages it pussesscs. There is n large marl bank on
(the land, situated in a very advantageous position lobe
distributed. A very large portion of the land is well set in
! red clover, and a large crop of whe at may be seeded on a
clover fallow this fall. There are on the laud, an excel
; lent dwelling house with 1'J rooms, a good ham, stables,
and a first rate threshing machine, Set. fcr. The title is
believed to be unquestionable, but the. subscriber, cellin'- as
trustee, will only convey such title as is tester! in him.—
' Possession will be given immediately. Ti e sale will emu
tnence at 1 o’clock. WM. \V. MOSEY, Trustee.
Jium 7 j2r
Western. Lunatic Hospital.
OI If-E is hereby given, that this irvti'ution ■?•:!! be
» so i ir Completed os t;i be ready for the reception
of patients on ti.„ 25th day ot July next. None willLc
received previom? r.-> that time.
By order of the Court of Directors.
Jtwe £>.~St NICH^ r. KINNEY, c. n. p.
AS committed to the Jail oi Jell, rson county, a- a
V V runaway, cn the 31st day of May lost, a negro
noir.au, V.lrrr raiiv herself Caroi ine Hejbrf.rt. and
claims to be fire. Shu i; supposed to t..? f.nui 20 to 2:1
vwais of age, ami is about live feet si'- niches high. She is
ot rather a r.atk copper ciilutii', has si n r black spots on the
inner side of her right arm drove the elbow, and has a vae
rination mark on the same aim. She has also a small scar
I on the back of her right hand. The owner is desired to
' corr.e forward, ptoie prop, rty, and pay her jail fees, or rhe
j will be dealt with accurdin« to law.
I Jt,ne 25—Sin JOHN J ACKSON, J tiler.
I HA vk just received a ph.-n.lid iissiirliurnl ot tientle
. men’s Drab Beaver Hals, of superior quality. On
bar. J a large assortment of eveiv description of Fur Hats,
and £00 dozen B a.k, White, Brown and Drab Wool
I Thu—all of width lie feds disposed to sell at reduced
' prices for cS«li. JOHN THOMPSON.
-2 Y •* v r l x 1
numpiiK'y j». lirooKC,
HAS located himself mi Lorclto, LI,sex county, and'!
. will ntlend the Superior and Inferior Courts of
Caroline, L>sex and Westmmcliii I. Any business in the j
line of his profession entrusted to him, shall In: promptly I
ailcuded to. :
.(nnc 25 tv-fit ■
Botetourt Land for Sale.
rpl I IF. subset ther offers for sal-, the tract of land on
-B. v l,irh he resides, containing "«8I aries, 500 of which
are valley land; about 2(d) acres of which are rieared |
and in rultivatinn; of tbit portion now in wood, about :
‘200 acres art* tobacco laud of the very best quality.!
The remaining 2$1 a rn*s are mi an adjoining mountain, i
with an abundant supply of timber for building, fuel and
fimcing. 'f'he land rs admirably adapted to tin produc
tion of corn, wheat, oats, rye, tobacco, hemp and clover,
and is inferior to no tract of high land in the State, i
will shew the land and make known tin: terms to any!
person disposed to purchase. THOS. (.ODDS,
Jane I ! w |«r
i'o JiJr. lienjanun Ihtrrix •'■tin atrrxjbr the b< nrfil of
JTi/h't i (furminfihur.i.
SIR: As you are a resident of the Slate of Ohio, I
take this method of giving you notice, that I shall
on the 1*m1i day of August, 1(128, at tlm tavern of John
Conway, railed the Green llottom Inn, in tlm county of
Madison and state of Alabama, between the hours often
in the morning, and unset of that day, pioceed to take the
deposition of Thomas E. Thompson, to lie read as evidence
in my behalf in an action of debt now depending in the
county court of Goochland and state of Virginia, wherein
you nre plaintiff", and I am defendant; at which time and
place you tnav attend if you please.
Yours, NICHOLAS ftl. WARE.
Goochland, Vo. IfllhJnne, 1 • -J'l. d5—w4w
Heal Estate at Auction.
’ll Y virtue of a deed of tiu«t ever tiled to the subscribers
JL> by Mr. Jr,bn Pnrrarotf, dated tlto 30th July, 1823.
and duly' recorded in the offme of tbe Hustings Court of the
city of Richmond, for the purpose of securing a certain sum
of money doe. to Natb'l Rowe, will be sold on the twelfth
day of September next, at 12 o'clock, on the premises. for
ready money, those valuable Houses and Lot of Land in
the city of Richmond,opposite the new Theatre, and at the
intersection of the east side of 7"th street with the north
side of 11 street, fronting 20 feet on the lattrr, and running
bark 120 feet on rbr former. On this lot there is a large
brirk tenement, occupied at present by Mr. John Nelson—
also a small wooden building, formerly occupied by Mr.
Richard Green, l'o these tenements the necessary out
j houses arc attached. The title to ibis property is believed
j tribe indisputable, but selling ;,s posters, th«> subscribers
! will only convey such title as is vested in them by the
j aforesaid deed of tr'i«r.
1 July 12—w3: iiiX'TOR IW'lo,
gTijc gcmgtltitttonal gitfj( -.'
I Rom tmh l.vvtiifnc; \’irci.\.an
i „ UK IU< H ViO \ I) E^CiUlBEIU
“{£* ca7‘. r'la"Z< sht.’KS ,r,t\ i’roltus for adran'.^e *’
I be Iwehmond Enqu rcr has long txr ci-t ; a p u
; rrfu! and nn undue influence owr tl.c opinions and
| lions c? tho people of \ irgmin, dcstmctiic alike lo lro<
. enquiry and inaiily decision of character. It woulti
seem searcciy tv unit while lo point out the causes m
i us mf.ucnce, or 15»c cunning means bv which fit mc
ver honuiahly nnquiied, and for a long lime hoiitrab'v
' maintained) it has been perpetuated, long after the
j Enquirer has forfeited all chum to lespvc” or conf
idence. So long r.s it seemed to make principle i!s
jguioe, y. iiich it did when prim: Jr ^ml ijerest e. e nt
! m Imnd—so long as. < n git'u q:», Hu-ns oi n-Hon
linland state policy, ihe peuti.nerjt of Vi ginia --assn
! decidedly known as to leave im doubt fiorn ivi.icii qu :
! ter the wind blew. and in what direction the or re
flowed, so long did the Enquirer preserve its
ter toi consistency ami integrity. Iis course, too. was
then guided by t!:e liand of a store, unconjpr'Mnisiog
; man, who wer.l Mi ,ight forward in his can or. rt-gard
i less nj obstacles, and who scoria, d lo lake a cncuiMiis
runic when zeal and energy and tabnt wort alone rr
[ quiulc lo beat down the imped inpnts which he*ei his
paili. Phe death of Ilia! great luminary ot Vi-guna.
lclt the Enquiier in a Male of partial eclipse, and'u has
• ecu eye- since drifting t.j and fro. like a d.smantlod
•hip in a heavy drive u yvh-icrcr chance or auci
dcui d)rcctf*d.
Ii is not our intention, on this occasion, to vent a.nv
i personal spleen agr.in-t the Editors of the Enqur i-r.
1 H e have a tiighcr purpose in vieyv We assure llinn.
|(>f they shorn! chance to cast their eyes on these , _
! marks) tlial yve entertain just «mcb sentiments inwa-i.
tnem persona!/ip ns yve do toyvuids those individuals for
whom yve feel a perfect indifIVre ice. We iMy.. now
i not'hin<r in do yviiii them in that capicitif. iiui -I •
E/wfor.r, »vl.o claim to ho ptc-cininenll\ pun-—nho
dole out. eternally , yvith the stekenmg self compbicen
cy, ti e stale quutai ion, that ‘.public men, I ki* ! oi^ar,s
w <!e, should not only he pure, but tree from suspicion.”
, v. ho. m that character usurp privileges and “pl.y
fantastic llicks” both unbecoming and dnguMirg—
1 vy ho, in ‘ no, yvilli Pharisaical prclen:i<>ns to humility
‘ and friltllP. mn rmcr.l ..-.Ii, ........ »!.. .. . ‘i
pride anJ hipocri-y—we shall deal with Iheiri as the*
jdmcive. Ii. in die course ol our loirnii;w e do not
I make thrmtelr/' prove ('mencircs to He cuhinrmhtors
I and dt turners—ii wo do not prove, by Ui^niflvt < that
t.icy aio wholly devoid of the hast spath of patri
i ol inn—that the love of country, if it ever existed in
tneir breasts at all, is no-.v totally oxtnet. Mncthered
: or consumed by some more powerful pasrion—^hat they
have no reverence for the institutions of which they
i h-tve so lung claimed to be the special guardians — and
! ,,,a< tlrey entolatn no regard /or the personal r-ghts r(
i the citizen we will be content to transfer to our fore
heads the brand of infamy they have stamped on their
own. In doing so, we repeat, it is our Holt purpose to
arouse the people of \ irginia to « «.<«n-e ef what they
1 owe to their independence of character, by showing
i them hoxc ami liy idiom they have in cn deluded, chea
! 12,1 iin:1 imposed upon. If public men should be free
1 from the taint of suspicion, llditors ot papers, to whom
the people are indebted for sill the intelligence that rea
i ches ib- in, should not H * lees —.<\nd u public m n
! who render themselves liable la '.'iispicioti cn ..
therefor incut 'die heavy indignation and pmv*.| •• (hr
unsparing lash of the Kmju.mr, fiireh Unit print h;.- no
I r*ght to grumble if we select its own file- to turtt.n up.
• on it the most conclusive proofs of dereliction oj pmn
! pi«
vt e will premise, before nr- proceed with our proofs,
lliat they are not for the firs*, time brought 'u the pnh
j lie vi* iv jbjt.so long as the l'.vqi; ler continue'' to
i exeici' C the ird'ucncn wl j-h is aim i r. vcrsalh i on
c(dc,l to it, u ib a sacred duty t*> continue to sliov- ii ji,
its piopc.- «<.;«.! ai d wr shall eodrr.vur to do io ui u
wav which will render it as clleclsri! po. -:ili"'-.
V,',» arc to prove that (lie Mnrpiircr has c:i!umo>r 'cd
^nd defamed Gen. Jarir on, or that i; is no v guilty ot
. moral Iipasrm to the crumby —that IJ p - course ahtiF.e
ni Geo. Jackson m I.'tj ‘ was rvibuliv malignant, and its
ullega:i >0B wilfnMv false, or that it has now no regard
for the country or its institutions—and that nil tiie
tears it expressed for rite ! berry of the cm - n. should
| Gen. Jack* on obtain the iVrvidrr'-n! eiintr, in lt'»4,
! woie affected and uiiftlf, hypocritical and ir.s»:i<5i-re.
jorthat.it is now w illing in srs loose rights -urreot’ered
into (he hands of a “inililarv despot.” Tne oorns ;»(
(lie dilemma are presented to it, ami we arc careless as
*■> its choice.
in 1 f i. a Her ridiculing, in r n unsparing vein, the
cuns't notion w hich Gen. .Jack-on bad put upon the fi(\
B' clion of (lie 'Ktilea and Articles of War, iiic ihiquir
or proceedstlm :
" tv!inl kind ol a President would tbis
"great civilian make? A ^ciUlcman vvlio
“cannot interpret t!ic plain expressions of
"Oiic law—and yet would lift called upon Jo
••admiuisfor all 11io laws ol the laud ! t )uc.
‘•whose it leas arc so purely military, that he
•would transmute a Gutter into a spv, or
••punish treason, not by the civil courts, but
"by a. court inartial / (~)iie,i'-Iin, in are/ area'
"crisis, would convert the whole country in!
"mu' yea' can p—end would reduce evert
“Ihiny under martial law !
‘'ll tins iutlit idual be u idpuhlireu, tin ,t i,i
-decd, as lie soys lurnsclk “names arc huh
"h/rs. Vr lint respect would s':r!i a • rjrcat
‘•civilian"’ fJIilcrtain '.by Ier.es n;:r| e oislilu
‘'tinii of his counlrv l Is such an r>nr tcuafifi
“ci! f nr our chief nwyirlrate /
■Vow, tve siv, "fiat in the preceding paragr
f,ro. .lucks m rv.is gres ly J-taerteir»l by the I' qitwci.
or, if lie wap no*—it Ins rliataclcr. his <|ii tiif<• itinns
and I »s temper were truly- delineated;—then, the fm
qilirer, m now support ng such a man fur the fust nliicc
in (tie gift of Iiib rountrv i; guilty of ficasnn to lie
republican party, of which it profes r« to by i rinel
prnp-~nnd, still worse to the country w eh )• - nour
ished it. and liherallv made it fn«i prnpn, ipr •,ra!Mf
| Tim questions are—lf~ai fieri J o k--n »e. i ;JI so
profoundly ignorant as nol to he “able to interprei t!.»•
plain expressions nf o»ie law’? 1J~rrr h-s “ideas so
purely military tliat he would have transmuted a traitor
into a spy, and punished treason, not by a civil court,
hu* by a Ciiurt martial'’ Would he. “in a great cum
I have converted (lie whole country into one grrai camp,
1 and have reduced every thing under martial law'?—
! Did Gen .Tarkcnn evince a want nf "rcpxddi' 'in" fen
! lings, and manifest a disregard of "republican'' prinei
i pies.-' If these questions he answered negatively, th'-n
| the Knquirrr daringly slaruieroi1 lorn.—If they he
! answered afllrmnlireh/. thru. l-\ lending hint it ai l in
procuring an office w inch would impose on lion the
! necessity of interpreting "aft the laws of the hind/'
and which would giro bun (he power Unis In violate thr
constitution, the l.-rw.s, nod the rights of tlie citizen,
tending inevitably- to the subr ors's:! of our free govern
merit, (fie F.nqmrer is obnox’nns io the altpma re
charge of deficiency of patriotism, want of reverence
tor the saemd bnoJ of o’-r La too, aui j grusa Utts tfgard
qf poreouil r>0Vs
,:,,t it* — In Hr f .quircM < i Oct. 14, 1821, ne \
jln»1 1 lie folldivio}^ i ^r8|;ll.
} cannot consent to lend a helping
'* to die election <»fsticK a man s (leu,
aieksoji. //( is too htt1 I f tt statesman—too
,i too violent in his temper—his meas
ures ten ninth inclined, to art,it ran/ govern
" • me (o obtain the humble support nf'thr Edi
‘ ‘ t>/’ this paper. \YK SYOl ].«) |)KP
“ccuse i;i»o\ the cor?.Tiiv.”m
Herr again, tr.? |!n harshest terms, laid down {[
l,n ,^,t* mos! emphatic stvlc to ‘how the world the
s oot' and cocclusive n*a*nns trhtrh pis'ificd the En
jutrer < oppciition to flpp J.icU-onV rlecfina. f,et
"s i,,,r Me, se'f— important piint to the question
!•' id-'J ten* (x*n Jacie-on ‘‘too litilr* nf a Statesrt nti”
<> (. *rrrn ; ]) ■ du'i** of ilie CliH-f Ma^xtricy? ITits
ri ‘l'*o rash, too violct‘1 in h:s ttonper,” to ho <‘>ilriM(d
w:,;t tlu> rpiiduri it air it-3 f|ao tic ‘ ton much Midi—
r-fj to tmjmiAKY government.” fioadmg
directly to III ■ puvtr.tiori of out fie n stMuta-os. and
ns Kii.flv ending to the licentiousness and lawless f,jr,
of the u:oh or iii an ovi'r.-hadowmg indcary despotism*'
to !<*• placed in a situation where 1(1:9 inrUnuti;>» ni ght
tin I scope for action—and where it w old meet with
ready hearts to pr-hfv it and willing hands lorarty it
out to practical rps;i!u3 In fine, woo hi tl . Enquirer,
~s M solotr.nh declared, h-vr thpreet ted lit v JtufL
son's rlec-nn a* a C CJRSE UPON TtFE 1 OUN
• l> • ’? \\ pro these, ht repeal 1 he cot), r- serious
“.•mvt:u( i:t- nr iIjp t nq"‘-e>. to1 n.< il on a tiviMifc mves
ti*. it inn of the Geneial1'. thnrevhr tempt r- and qvtliji~
codons, and tiptm a ’-r and c n.did r e.rupar ison i.| },,e
politic I principles as :had h#. n developed. with
the st andard fm-Mo d h\ the inter - ot Mm Kepuhhcin
1 er first and puiPsi rl»o. U 1 red (l a .n-„v ,] p«.
tlm common t-etwc and pattnitism then desnendsntt?
t! ilu-se quest.mis icswp.t, d nffirmt:!.■»:/h/ Mv n >s the
Enquirer aiming to effect an obp c>. wh cK h\ hr own
showing it i; the duty of r-\» 1 v g od man—of f“ rry
P<th,',:—of evert one who v alues Ins own and l « clil
dm"** fr c !<m f ('■ tv ‘CL-Its F." of an "ATiBl
l Tt.'t Tt Y (-OV E R N \I E N T”—'o use evert « y.prtion
?ril s'rsir 1 veu nerve ;o ivert —Itthev he answered
negatively. Mien the E-qti-re* did ag vn vilely ri'ndtr
, r.ud def.ivc firn .Jackson!
m <» rnn% ‘■afi'K m Chat, no* one of f!<e pmi it on—
ponents of O-ti Jackson I. >s gone v> f; r in h-s
oppos'lion f him a» to r.pplv to him Ivt'fruaf ,* s.»
hnr-h. as * c.ini .me.1 in tho above exirnc:» .‘rum the
Lnqoirrt cflliiM Tine tv l av charged (>itn with
ignorance; hut we have neve- vet Paid that I r ira- on
ship to ••interpret the plain meaning of a ringli- law.”
Y\ e have objected to hi- ■•pii't-lv m ii;mv” riiarwlct;
vet vvp have neve’ sat 1 ha* I p vn'ttrf -’iron-mule t\
traitor into a spy.” Orth t he would : rane'e t the du
! Iir« of our civil rnn> Is to Ids favorite • st; m o ••court.*
inariml ” \t e have said. 'hat. he he has mine cesser i
• v stretched lus powers. to the oppression ni individual*,
i end in violation of their cr-nstutional and Irgn! rights:
vet, »ve have never t.::i■»«J that thrre w re Janger of
l.js “converting t: :• whole cninniy into i nr gient
camp.”—We have viewed iviih al.i.onrice and have
expressed rajr iudigirit ion at los unm-ostilu«renal d< u
anee of judicial authority . r.J Ins (vranmci.l incarce
ration of Judges and Attornev*.; jet vrp have rrvc-r
dread; I that, ii'eh-rted Fiesident. ••he vvonbi tcil.;ee
air., -t r very thing under tnatlia! atv ” We Lni'iv Urn
t<> ».• >£:-!. and V'.rlent in his tempt r and ait liter? in
!i:- condurl. and L:.» e so snohru cl him; hut we havo
r ever c‘a»g< d lorn with an “inebriation to arlUrari/
•j’ore*noirnf.” We stnr.crelv belien- that hi- election
would prove a cure? a hi ghlinp, desolating •■cii:«o tp
o:; l'.i« country.” yet we have hr r: t a tight even tlis-v
, iverd by the I.inquirer — the -acre F.iiqu t sr,»-h.ct> now
extols this arbitrarily inclined man. a° a pure lie tub
, Iicnn of the C'ato st oop—;ic ;1 “laurelled U“mGiswiu
: rteacl of a “military .1 -j«»!.”—ami a« the "inly htpc”
of the ccmTrv, in-teau e*'’ ijr cur:-:!
“jch is the i’.ini.ound Ihqntier—and t.t,..h if«t
t minus cour-r. Guided !.\ (imp currmr g. Hie ouiv
reward if h.qres for i- lie■ giatilieatton of ti.r worst pas
sions that siir irieii on to acdon—avarice miserly ava
rice, which g'.i.ns on it- n-eless heap- ot idle fold—
and nml.i'ioa, fl« in; an an hition ot liamphng, hy fair
in.' , .s or fqul. cn all who thwart itv pcrpoTs. nr cro.'E
i * - pah. These f '<•■-!. >n.- live been bind’ed toannn
lvnuteil degre* hv the unfortunate predicament in uhicii
the uiilookcd for les'ih of tin last Presidential clnctrnn
fh-cvv it. ArcU'.'tnwcd to calculating 'he hoicrcnpe it
Inn “i dreamed li •( i ow’d neve* bp separate d from
the j;>rijurifu. Fa-lmg to secusc ?\’r. Crawford', t h eiiou,
i1 determined at once to v> age a v indictive warfare
again';? lit* ‘•ucccssful • i-rt,petit; i. whoever hi might be
—and having met with op;-.int'oti in V rginta. where
before it had ruled the ruerndant with in.da i t:'» d •'way.
u i' coiiMiu'd ii iiii f.< n otuac un i K J.< ksnn‘ beg
been elected, in'load uf Adams if would lu.fi> boon
as iniir.ii the object of ibe FIn<;tiiFr-■ V hae »5 Adame js
now, vat ! lb? same nnn!fi»-mas n!il have f or n burled
.»• I'im that i-mhe!iisht <1 !»>-■ F.nqnrf 1 < o.'umm in 1 824.
It iv 1!! not il . fm the FT quin r to say (bat it < lieoscs
Jackson :»« a ••lessor evil” lm Aih'iim, I' cannot
be true. |’m. no iti:*’ ran !■« a ••gngtor evil 11 in >bo
President inI rba r (iiviii bo undr 1 neaMi r I i»»f livid
pot' 1 ait. •»fr• *r! t o !>' •■ cunning In-nil (In- E'inilirpi Ims
written, • Thin is iftrir i'ffcn " F, I Ibc people
flOi'.e on (bat picture. -end they must turn, with deep
ili*p 11.f Itorn the louri,! aspect it \rr-ors, r r with sliU
derprr abhoirence from him who drew i{ in Midi false
\\ e h?vc i.'ii yd 1 >i>e. The tiles of the ripqtiir.T.
treiTi l'»>7 t< lies date, tv lit fti'tiish mine fsiriositi it,
wliirdi w,- si all 1 j.iefulli *\lol>it to tie public. The
task i« a i >aihsojne eno, loti it must !>•’ perhuincd. /,»
1 II >1t trti’-i t;e fi;> to lit •• i. the ,prli itfuiii hinds So
nr.mi high laimh ■) and intelligent Vngoiinn* to the
r at ofn prin! uli"-r | iniri|-des as m invTnnilalin"
fir fi'i'.m it. lino those oi the celebrated l^icnr
J" tom lh> I 11 In fir
A rR\GMi;.\T.
•-* ‘‘1 or Jackson e f rnnei' Co, pnr3 I'"—r.,',iil *• fn
IM.iiMmin. to a little v. ilhrrrd, rr«y headed m..,,, who
rami' limping to I :n !s him. Though lame, and rvirfputfv
approaching tliiee em r a nil leu years, there was an 0[ •
ii. in iii'h-perirtrnt ! • d, iu ike roipnral, 0 ItirJt reenirrt ir iu
1 • •' 1 ‘ I >• i " ii *iif dress'. —— ** J'nr Jackson nt
-f «:!>'• < y > ii’’—repeater) Daniel M'irkham * Th»
l.nve love die hr.ive. an.l Irian- >av |I<C spirit stirs within
you at the tlmught of 1 let ling 0 I,-,pi iv.'fi «au In lilt
Pu-siilen*iai chair.-i lie Corpnyn! haItrrt, aOfl placid
fit a hi* left hand uii the o--> of jus j./nry headed pane, m;J
then Ins nglu hand upon I. - i.*fi, h-rining over, gently rest
ing his bicast upon hull’; •••loot! Morning to y» 11. Colonel
Ma khnm.’said C'oipornl Chri-ti! ; “wait hail a minute,
and feft me a thin • or two heir ie t nnsu-ri you. A herii
<-f tv o tears did you ny! Ti 1 v. f'o! i-.e I, but I was iii to A 1
of thr Devolution; the "-ri >! war h r indepc ndenre.from
die haille uf pranrly wine to the capline of Ynrkfmvn, ni. l
never heard of Jackson, in nil f «• r t Dm*. Where did hr
distir.giii«l» himself : ’ “ As f..r tli .r. Corporal, 11 i* l eitlin
lore— i>> there. Pe v as but a boy, it must he confess* ,
but he refuserl fn hrie-ti a 1* r i I i*h off-re r's l.seit ; dial yr-j
lu -ne.’ “Yes.yps—hr did SO. Ii was w* II; but Colonel
•,r’o will 1 -rdnti me if I (ton I sram’ab • low, llioep i-ho
fouglit, an I bled, nu<l puff, i«d in fh -t great and fearful
conflict— a» to admit that 1 hoy who mused to brush a
Ibilivtl Officer's boots, hr-amp thereby or.r r,f the lierop* of
that tvar D would hr making its horrr r.uher cheap,
an c'xjloit ontitfpj 'o ro v. t'/--— u "Pih’. v c!j»puo'

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