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Constitutional Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1824-1832, May 26, 1829, Image 2

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Wc copy the following simple and touching lines
from a late number of the Liverpool Chronicle.
First flowers of the spring-time,
Bright gems of the year,
.'11 lovely and blooming,
How fresh ye appear!
Springing up in the garden,
The hedge-row and vale
Enriched by showers,
And limned by the g ife,
Your beauty is transient,
Bat, oh! it is sweet
As the deep-felt emotion.
When absent friends meet;
After dangers surmounted,
And miseries down.
Their hpg and looks telling
Of days that are gone!
Your herald—the tempest;
Your bed—the cold eaith;
Unsheltered and sunless,
’Fire place of your birth;
The snow drift is sweeping,
And dimly the morn.
From the eastward is stealing
To hail your return.
1 have lov'd your young blossoms,
They have ever brought joy,
lly regret uneinbil trred,
Unchecked by a sight
But now, whilst 1 ga/.u on
Yonr pale tender flowers,
Each leaf tells the tale,
Of happier hours!
Of friends smiling round me,
Now laid m the tomb;
Of friendships—all withered,
Hearts stript of llieii bloom;
Lov'd eyes whose cxnre&siun
I line never can steal,
IV Inlst your blossomy the coming
Of spring-time reveal!
Still,still ye are welcome!
In sorrow or bliss,
Remorse never mingles
With feeling like this—
As first love to the bosom,
So yo'i,to the year,
In yot.T innocent beauty,
And freshness appear!
The summer may bring us
Its sunshine and Howuiv,
Perfuming the tallies,
Entwining tiro bowers
O'er beds of s'wrot rosor’,
The zephyrs may fly
And breathe on each flowrcl,
The same balmy sigh,
in loneliness bending,
Beneath the rough bla&t,
Your gentle forms raising,
When danger is past.
Shining ou! shining on!
Like* Hope, ye appeal,
First flowers of the spring tunc
Bright gems of the year.
from the .Vi V". Jovrttuf rj' Coturiercc.
In a late number of the Hamburg Borsan-lTalk*,
we find .in extract from the Stockholm State l.Tuzetle.
containing a letter from Ur. Ilcdeuburg, of Constanti
nople, who in spoken of as a gentleman of very ex
tensive acquirements, anJ highly distinguished' as a
physician. “During a long residence in the Turkish
Capital, lie lias become thoroughly acquainted with
the various languages and dialects of the east, and
has succeeded, as a remarkably capable phvsiei hi, in
gaining ac*.< ss to the houses and families of respecta
ble Turk.-*,.which scarcely any Christian has been able
to do, but without which only a very imperfect know
ledge of their domestic habits and manners can he
be obtained.” We translate the following paragraphs.
Clmstantinoplc, ,7an. !>, 11129.—Ou iho 2b! b of
December, a Russian Envoy arrived here, in order to
propose an exchange of prisoners. The Porte had
no objection,'but only wished that they might bo ex
changed en masse- With this answer the envoy de
parted- What will be the result, wo shall see here
1 u.v Tmk.i aro prig»»ii»ijj, ,ririi all their might.
for the ensuing spring; and have raised, u is said
several hundred thousand men. In the Turkish ar
senals and dock yards the greatest activity prevails
m getting ships ready for sea; of which 1 am daily an
eye-witness, us I pass the whole dock in order to
attend upon the Russian prisoners who arc cor.fined
ju the Bagnio (where the galley slaves are kept.)
The rest are on Prince Islands, {.l’rinzen-Insrliri
whom 1 have physicians and apothecaries under tw '
direction. Through the Cnpudan Pasclia I Imve ac
cess to these places (tin? arsenal and Bagnio,) whore
nobody else is admitted, not-even f ho''Turks, :uv I
Have had evidence this Hay, when the ceidinelsVvfu
eed to admit a .lasachakdje (the palace guards who
succeed to the Januissuricv,) who caim/vvith mo-_
ami i ncciieft an my inuuciice to gam him admission
through the ln*t watoh, which was finnlTy effected,
after they liad taken away Ids arms.—No one Ins the
Tm Uh so much at his disposal a ; a physician. J have
Trevor found them jll-beiiaved—but. a man must b<>
Mnrest and bold andcomposed. a {hey arc ;hem:-:,dvr?.
My evenings, when I am not t “o much engaged, I o --
f “py 111 Copying iny journal, whicii l cerfniniy aim’ll nut
l iiish this winter. What I have skctr-hml concernim. !
t'lirkuy, to he fitted lor publication, will n-quir.; at
i nt halt <i year. From the beginning of the snb-!
version of the Janissaries until now, I have likev/i; • ?
'•opt H political journal, which will by t.ntHciviuiy m- ‘
•eresting when 1 have limo and opportunity to r.r• j
"ange and copy it. Add to thin, notes, proclamation;,'
declarations of war, &c. by the Turki.,h and ma<v:
other, powers, several of which have not appeared in
the public prints, f havo reserved them as t•.*<? in
of a future work,if iny life should bo sparer}, t'rgcfh
•"r with a view of tiic Greek arid Turkish naiicrn:,
iiietr character, manners, political rogulafioru,
T have also two books of modi ,il obsm vatioiis, rr
porting the state of the healing art m (he east.
Tvit.'fh if I ever proceed so far, 1 inlend to ro wri*c ’
and reduce to shape. I have merely sketched the!
outlines, leaving fr»€ rest to be filled up from memory ;
i have remarked that the political circumstance,,
/tore have.experienced so many changes that every
body luts become p<or, and every thing is U<’-ir‘-r and !
dearer from day to dir. The common people arc ■
• list re.-sed for bread, an I Heaven know iiow »r will
by wliun another campaign commences. Du content I
and distress are general; tlio fields am in part gr in :
to waste. No commerce, no trade, heavv taxes, tlu
Armenians and Greeks utterly ruihed. 'File Turks.;
‘Wen the more respectable among them, sell form
t.ure and jewels for a iiv» Mhood, and cannot n u '
their apothecaries'bill. How many times h i’ <■ ir<.
portable Turkish tvoiii**n frankly fold mo, •} am mot
*ificd that f cannot pay you—as f frol that t on;.!-1 '
to pay a physician—but I camio*; vvt .ire inking ,
flu* ground." AM (In- is not news {mp r'-fat , '(.ui
Toahty. and the confer den of per ona m M»c :-i u* In i
rv of the harem win re they expres- Mimn , tru.„
'j and wi'houi icaervc.
Womf.N OF nr.Vl’T.
Air. ( hirh-s I# Nor mud, «>ooof the p'rsfi.'j' ■> 11 ach
ed to the Trench scientific expedition {•» Fgypf,
speaks m 11 ie following terms of the women of t!i->!
ceunfrv, in one of a scr.- of letters publi lied in Ur
• Thus the women, of whom even a habit of toil-:
«t»inc 1 ibor failed to effect tii. devulopcrnent,preserve !
n di-M-acy of form, a just proportion in their limbs, a
tratural r-racc, heightened by a simpl ; and striking
*»vie of dress. The poorest. Arabian girl, clothed but in
* vine c!i *ini.sc, nnd that in tatters, could give ies nn
i gr»C'-.rmy almost in coquetry, to the loveliest p*
oant in I-r nice. A pretty Arab woman is Mm bran
ideal of a f'unale opera dflii rr: a f,,rru inclined to the
•icnd r b-' •• iua> prep? I. tts !rnc*l
' a,,d "ell set, feet very small, and of exquisite shape;'
1 bunds so delicate, that tbe bracelets of the lower arm ■
1 tnay_.be passed over them without opening; gazejlc
i like eyes, to which the black tinging of the brows
■ give at once a suAness and a brilliancy. Those of
tin* poorest class wear nothin* but a long blue chemise,
, and a veil of the same color, a corner of which they
hold in the mouth when they meet a man, especially
! if he be a frank. The richer conceal their faces by a !
large mask of black rilk, \vi»h nothing uncovered hut
the forehead and eyes. Earring*, profusion of neck
laces of sheila, glass-past»t, to which *re attached am
ulets of silver, or of bright copper bracelets of the
same variety and multiplicity, the cliin taltoed blue,
(:'s well as the liands and a part of the arm, and the
; black painting or the eye-brows, complete the toilet
'of an Arab woman, which, in spite of its apparent
( bizarrerie, forms a whole both original and pleasing.’ :
'tVj as.—A gentleman who has recently returned i
I from Texas, slates that tbe country is fist filling with j
| Americans, and that several sections of it have been •
.! well settled- The state of society is almost entirely
I pastoral, ami an individual’s wealth is rated by the
numbrr of his horses, mules and horned cattle. Four
• lawyers arc already settled at San Felippe, Austin’s
j principal establish incut, and Courts ore regularly held
I there. Several fugitives from the United States have
l been given up to our authorities, and transgressors
{against their own laws are rigidly punished
[.V. y. G„z.
, <7eV.-- It is stat ed in the Uhernw. (t?. C.) “ Ttid < it," |
■jthul ut a boat la mull in that place, on the 2d in-t.
J a solid lump of N. G. Gold, moulded soinewlrat in the
l shape of a man, in an erect posture, was exhibited on
JUio deck of the said boat, to the wishful eyes of a
j large number of spectators. The rich mass is said
• to weigh t>nr hd&drtjt unit thirty ri-'ht pounds, worth |
’ about thirty five thousand dollars! The whole was!
falcon ft'»n a mine in Montgomery county, and the
■ owner \’"‘o several yeu>s in gathering the small parti - !
vies of which the mass is composed
Ttensous as plenty ns ftlacMa.n* _.•pj|0 Mont
I fpx'i-ry Alabama Journal, offrt the Ibllowin.r
ry for ts-uing the paper on n sheet “curtailed ofim '
law proportion■We publnh but a half a sheet !
tin:, week. VV e do it because we have no paper- wo !
have no paper because we have no n,onev; wo hav<
: n.. ni .1. .-y, becaess those who arc indebted to us‘ do
,l0t l»°y us> b' cause the Lord only knows whv.”
I he f .'lowing letter from a gentleman to the Judge
of 1 rebates, requesting him to grant, him a letter of
I °n l,|c csta*c of his deceased father is i
equal to the I .motif, debale in thy first Lc»ialaturo of
t tluo concerning the Ahbrr.go„ncs.
.• LfiZ/er. {Sir, my father diedsomo days hence, Ic.iv
! HmHnsrllem ?,,d.t,,ree ^orpions besides me. lie
died insolent; leaving me his executioner. As T un
fdc.M.ood you are a Judge of Reprobates, F wish von
. to send me a letter of condemnation.—Western Cour.
• ( ^ game of whist was played at Brampton, Bug
j riY*^ jnf> \f ‘v,“Ch is worth recordin'*. The
I Vinners scored enWit hv h-m.ir - in . I .
,, ° . .v nuiiors in tfitj first and second
J™*1? 'w «;' «! trick each deal- the third deal
I p fi'fih -i1 i "■ \ trrk; ^1° konors divided, and the
‘ •' olin ; i r! | S’V h( ,M ’ U'ey held 4 by honors each
i,kR '' !r,Rkt!,e b>«rth and fifth, and gaining
' tv J mak,m? tWR,5ty l*y hold by one
i * J CTuW »-i» i«. “Hlwugl.
' Jri2Ll“,ri“Rives ™ ML-.JW'
j m n «.ri! P" P , publishofl in a sor-1
' , n n"' . 1 n,l(I preached in the rci^n of I
j P/7 fhal (™''s t!,n preacher) shows that we !
1 ..'old- VTfc’ not'v*thstanding, nil houses nre,
i ; ned into ate houses; Paradise is° a rr.u- of dire;
u. marriages are merry ages; matrimony is a mat
] '* of money; our divines arc dry vines; was it so in
j the days of Noah? Ah no!
n- , ,,, , Nuw York, Mav 22.
I ‘■■■dti'i Attorney.— It i - with sittere satisfaction
J \vn h-arn . hat Oo.rv Hosfmax, Ihsq. was last eve
.ing- r.f an informal meeting or all the members of
1 toe/ otirt »t Common Pleas, f Judge Irving only e<
i ^('!>t(.-d. wiu ,ias uniformly, arid with great nropriot.' !
| in our judgment, declined unending such meeting]
i ""•""•oled a" 1,10 t-accesBor of Mr. Maxwell. Mr
l Hoffman s name prevailed at the first ballot, and h I
j lesoliil ion was then unanimously passed, that Judge !
. In mg bo informed ol the choice made by the other
momtierr..)f the Cunrt, »„.! (hut ho m,„cst,,l to
I aPPRint, Hoftman in open court on Monday. i
! W.r no fffiWiemnn who could with more fit.!
I nRf have been select.-J for this arduous and rceuon- *
siblo stntiou, than Mr. Hoffman—roiubining, r., i„
.does, ability with integrity, and fimiitusa with much!
I courtesy of manner. !
i The [.termed nre, it would seam, about t0-.'<•),« '!
irmust the Licenser,. The Mayor of the city. a: d i
; Alderman and Assistant ufiho 8th Ward, urn'in :1 «
| custody«• t lie officers of ATr. Justice Meigs’ Ward I
| S'm,rB fi-r having refused ;o one Fraser, the' perrnis
! s,on,to s* r;,'n fl<1 MUtm-. that is, y0 f;.r Uhilmn
as three d. canters,ss ivnny furnhi r«s, ».Vo or it»r<u»
chan*,, arid two benches, (the whole stock in t rede of I
Jie applicant ) would enable him to do. This would-1
!'■; Grocer, having, it seem?, been informed by Aider
oian Brown that a license would nor he granted to '
' ; 1 ' ' oftho Magistrate . for j
’’ while,and Hum returned with a formidably Cmin !
.'eli„r who made a tender of eleven and a half del- I
»<rs, ilvcr lomuy, and d>mandcrt—aye, tlemandot—nn' \
.m-'lter of conn non right and privilege, a brenno fr,r|,
his client. Tins being again refined, and the reasons !,
ertl.ereli.rr. being .stated. Air. Counsellor nor, oitlcdf.
omiscl. toted Alderman Brown, (a sworn Magistrate !,
aMiiig in the Ui charge of Ins duty.) tlia* ho should )
h • reaclim, ii .trough t|,r. p dj.., r.,r nc, ,)f fJp) . '
Alderman Bt< -,vn Ian; bed verj • feth ■- th
; ’ nnc‘■-persisted in hnd< < wion: whereupon the .
--v wos deionuiieed against him, iiio arsiMant, and I
the Mayer; and, in sober ♦ruth, an officer soon after t
appeared wain writs again , all three. 'IV Coroo |«
ration Attorney, wifi, of course bo hr i met-I to L. j
pejj ror f;'' w part es,and the maUci right. ■
'i ne con di a * bf Aldcrinnn Rrmcn, in this matter of! *
I.-n.m::, ,s deserving ofnIJ credit, flo has personally I<
r-An mined the c mthtinn of every grocery in his ward,1
ano me dnnuniliori oflieenses in that’ward alon*'
ir^i in c-on-.-cpience been thirty-six this spring j
A oo.d haf oth-rs of the aidermen would ael with ^ i
t,.e same cunrcienlioi.s views of dm y, and firnrbssnew ♦
ui unpopularity. !
r, 1V ■?' A Vf. ’-;"trU 2 '• •" *» ‘ > 6en»»in£t!ie 1
r.ivke o, We|lm»i(>n tor liavini; f'j’1^1,1 j „ ,. , f ,trrl Wjll
it.. Ur *. *<!) ■ tjif fnilot. ipj |Mr;i^*ajili
"T1ic f*ukc of Wellington, II »i.jf,w, ver > hi? Jun* t; i
to ■. rf.'ieiiy, *u ,»-fi 'Ur.miy bis ntn ‘to h0 ,«o nhoVinr- [
^•llrrv h/a •• ler-no 'icnrre/. [.of;,,.* Ijral—n^Mr •
W-tri* »i up ,l< in our id nl. bg. v*b'-r ho*f» r -,.,|ybo „r<. 1
. ,i i, i « f.j ;i i h dlcfigi*, by a cl*» „l - i>pt m fifteen I'
V ^ "
V . ' O >t t f tC'lCL: J'i) , ||
\v ivf.io ti'poit our regret that so many removals !
ii it l’",'ii i: iij«!. Most uf<he officers have been I!
'mud rrc n, fin’liiul t» their trust, sound republicans ' |
Tin" 11 evolutionary wort lues—some appointed bv |.
. ‘-fFerson. and approved by e:,e'n succeeding Atlmin-■
istrntjon and no good Ctnive can be g’vr n, even by the '
most violent partizan. for their removal. It is nn»
rheuvfnrm” anticipated by li.e friends of General >
Jack .•••on inf his v: ritiify, to remove faiMiful public scr-1'
-iinU , rvi»c* s particularly to bo rog-e*fed, as many of
!i s apjTnintmeni. have b°en Conferred on mere par.; ,
ti7.ans— who Lave d.*no the country no service, j i
Th r. hr.~ he'-n no change in our political tenets that! i
diiinanded it. If General Jackson wi*h< «to reform.''
I t ii !;r in inesmi-res-not rr.en. In fhe foinj. r!
ie* can find enough to occupy 1ms attee’ion. and r% ,f]er ■
his Administration resper ted mid popubr; in 'he 1st-'1
ter. he has thus, far in most instances, fWn iuto^
thejvoad read ordi.-re;*u;n jr: 'ipjjo'.'j: i
From ihe Sawtnuih Ji/trrcury, A/»yy 1j t
independence of tiie press.
Or the Printer anil his Patrons.
As we sal turning over the leaves ol'our Subscrip
tion List, the other morning, we looked up and saw
our old friend Fudge PuHendorf before us.
“I see you hare not yet learnt all ti*c secrets of i
your trade, (soys he) and 1 haw called to jjiv«- you a j
iittlo wholesome advice.”
Wo have great pleasure in receiving odvice-—
“And too little discretion in following it, (said he)
— I see how it is; but no matter; I will open to
lJut hero he was interrupted by a knocking at the
door, and in u moment he sunk behind the screen, as
our patron A entered.
“I am very sorry (says Mr. A) that yon came out
with that, piece this morning, it will play the very I
devil with your concern. 1 hava heard several peo- I
plo say that they mean to stop your paper.”
Can't help it; un Editor, you know must speak Jus;
“O certainly! 1 like to see Editors independent.—
Hut then it’s always best to be on the right side —
And to tell you the truth, 1 have no wish to support
a paper which propagates such dangerous doc
trines. 1 just give you a piece of my mind. Good
And lie went out; hut the door hid scarcely closed,
w hen in came Mr. B.
“That was a capital piece, Shis morning—(.-ays
he)—just the thing. Put my mime down as a sub
scriber. 1 like to see Editors independent. Here’s
a long advertisement, keep it in a month."
Hut before wo had time to conguutulatc ourselves
on thu event, Mr. C made his appearance.
•‘Sir, (says he) I have called to tell you that you
may stop mv paper. I can never support an Editor
who entertains such absurd opinions."
Ccitaiuly, sir—shall wo receipt your bill?
• Why, as to that, another time will do as well.—
Hut I take the liberty of telling you that ihe Tariff
is ruinous lo the country; and moreover diabolical;
and if you do not come nut against it, wo will put
you down—that’s all. I like to see Editors indepen
And ho departed in high dudgeon. But in a mo
ment alier, Mr. D crime in.
•Mined morning, Mr. Editor (says he) I have just
called to let von know tint my friend Mr. Hpi Alikins
is about to start for Alderman, and I Wish you to
give him a lift in your paper.”
Why, to bo sure, (said we) Mr. SpiAlikins is u very
decent man; but should suppose wo tr.iglil sehxt
mere useful Alderman.
“True. 1 must confess, there are rmoWcrmon than Mr
SpdHikius; but then i have a reason for wishing him
elected. And certainly you cannot refuse to sup
port him, considering we have always supported
I you, and as we all agree in politics.”
That, to be sure, is a great matter; but, in the sc
! lection of public officers, we ought, to look to the pub
[ lie good, and not be governed by private feeling.
“Very well, sir, very well, uy practice is to sup
I port those who support inc. Just stop my paper.—
I 1 am for an independent Editor, who will stick to his
friends without regard to consequences.”
And ho turned on his heel in a great pet. But
our einbarrasments were not yet at an end. Mr.
D's back was scarcely turned befi>re in came Mr.
“I understand (say? he) that old Spifllikins lias been
put up as a candidate for Alderman. Now I want
you to lay him out as cold as n wedge. It. maybe
done in three lines. And. do you bear? Call him
an old fool—an old dunderhead—and all that kind
of thing. Don't four consequences! There’s no
filing like independence in an Editor.”
But consider Mr. E. there i? something duo to the
feelings of a worthy old man, even though he be no
Solomon. It is not every one for whom we cannot
vote, that we fee! free 'o arraign before the public.
“YV hat! you won’t write against him then!—Just
r.top my paper. 1 won’t support an Editor who can’t,
be independent.
You see eir, (said wo to our friend Puficwlorf, who
rejoined us as the heavy tramp of our last angry vis
itor died away on the cur.) how impossible it is tor an
Editor to please every body. These nre nil equally
triends; :tl! equally admirers of the hvlr.pcndmre. <f the
Press. And yet e ther of them would In a moment
tmoriiloe it to hin own convenience; would trample
it under foci, whenever it crossed ifts own path, or
interfered wi.tji in? own particular feelings or preju
dices. \ on see that the came paragraph which ex
cites the admiration of the one, will prove the hos
lillity^of another. And that in contested elections,
the Editor is posted between two fires; he is sure to
bo scorched by one, perhaps by both.
ioil nave found limit then, at last; (said our
friend I’olUwdorf;) that is the- very subject of, and
concerning which, 1 wished to give you a little sage
advice. In the first place, let me advise you, never
to commit ijoursetf on any subject. If you find it
necessary to say any thing, speak very dubiously; first
stv a smart thing on tins side, and then on that. Jf
y •’> speak out, you will most certainly interfere with
rioine of the preconceived notions of some of your pat
rons,and then yon will iiesurc to lose business. In all
c.wu of conic: ted elections, neve* support or oppose
■my cannula to; as yon ~.v i i 1 certainly i*vi!;o Tin enemy
»f t.*i party yon oppose; and perl;ups also, of the par
y whose interests jou espouse. (V-cause j» is nt
itlru fhat a candidate will bo content with n„,n.
-•uro cf praise that you may be disposed to mete oftt.
—If ho have no character of his own. ho will expect
i’ou to g i v ° him one; n:1d jf your imagination be not.
prolific, he will be disappointed in these iunt. ex
rectnliens. If Jr* have pretentions, he will be con
inccd that you hav.- not done him justice. If he
.ucceed, he will suspect, that the public believes he
•wes you on obligation^ and he will therefore bo vour
itiumy. li* he lose l»i« election, ho •vill a»tribute hi*
ailure to your want of zeal, or ability in thntnansgc
of his cause; nnd ho will dislike you on that no !
•'u.ut. If is i'1-.viij? dangerous for an editor to op-i
»>se an individual; it is scarcely ku.j so, to support
lim.” 11 ,
Why, noeuixling to your policy, nu editor must iust
ey nothing at all. '
‘•You have hit it very nearly. There are vervfew 5
opies be r-jri nppi/ae!i and .7^out. without crosHino
h ; views 01 jouh; one. But this dimple maxim will
Try you triumphantly though every difficulty.
.\ nntover may he (hesubject however uiiiinpnrtfint'u
n .y at tup first view appear—nwrcommit, himself
s* your editorials belike Delphic orncles, every
’•'rngraph an enigma. Every reader will then fn
c;pr"t it yo tw> to suit hisowii prejudices and opinions.
1 018 is what Ins raised roat.y an editor into ;>o;Harvv
mil extended be-- patronage. This is 'what they
Prm'VlU n 'fU y tH'k ab°uith® fntfepenifence of the
From tl’f Piston Patl*/fh>'m, JJInij i *
>rS«eroav forenoon, at a home in r.indall Mrfrt, afirr (be
Ia.ly«wvepmsol thichamlK-M, the dart was takn, „P „nd
urrir.l »o H e ,„;|a ,hro,vn on the fire Th- m
?,s "ct-mih an cvplooon, wl„v,l» made a Ion.I rcv;rl a, ,!
1 c '.T ^ ohH ne ^bVrf-inr hijitdinv^, ('em'niel V _ !
1 1 . ' ,:n ,,f*’ ,,*'r ''iron was burnt cntircl-to
m;'rr: wltc I1P.U,V ^,2,
1 r I ho niigiTs-. of (he home, who v,Hs stuiuWa.
, ’ ’, , bpr h!”r i»U"rcd Several articles in the k.frbni.
region fire, out soon extinguished. The children had ent
iVu” ,,0»;!7’ »n(l l,rotrn tbcrn ,hr «*nw t^fa
h..tnbr _ It * -opposed ahottt a ton! was ignited. The orm •
? H iufr<;r(,f ii in great pain tier burns. P !
, * -5—
r. 7 ivr’r iTOwn a ^ H°"*, Y*1'" ^ ,Ws **’ I
en.lv . , a man,of HrrP research in scienee. has re
C r„2 r 7' ’ 'r' °f ,3b'"s fnr drterminifU' the r|aee of
X \ V "?y *£riod wrtb'n the eom^-s of a thm.-i
ano years— . . nntucM Enrjnirtr.
Vno^r M!C !rc"';1n" th*' * prufetw of theology in
. ..mark has r. r,.,tended m his pupils the -turfy of the
. •' * • •■"ai-;. *o mintr' rs of the?
Extract ot a letter to the editors of the American
from their correspondent, dated
Rio ok Janeiro, April 1!I29.
Since my last, Flour has declined n little, owing to
the arrival oftlie Thomas Gibbons with 3000 barrels:
the Rebecca, from Bahia, with 1400 barrels; and the
GCc-rgo 1*. Stevenson with 3U0 barrel?. It may be
quoted at 20 a 21 jjOOO per bill, aud should no more ar
rive, it will gel up a lo J • more, as our advices cf 17th
Febuary, from England, quote it at 40 a 49h; cun
sequently we do no, anticipate much coinin'* for
ward. There are 10,000 barrels in first hands. & The
Brittisli Racket arrived here to-day from Buenos Ay
res, bringing dates to the I9ih ult.* The Government
had fitted out an expedition against Santa Fc, con
sist ing of 3000 troops and a considorublc naval foree.
Should this expedition prove successful, we have
strong hope Ilia* tho government of Buenos Avres
will become settled:-our accounts from there seem
to be buoyed up with that hope
Our National Assembly was convened and opened
by his imperial majesty ou i he 2d hist. We were led
to expect it was from a demand having reached this
government to make good the claims oftlie British
Government respecting the prizes taken in the La
Plata. The thirty days previously given, having ex
pired, the English Admiral arrived oil*tho port with
orders to make reprisals to the amount oftlie claims,
provided this government did not give ample suti.-fae
ti“ii. Tiiis circumstance, combined wuh the affair
oftlie landing of tin* Portuguese refugees at Te:cie
ra, has caused the English to be loudly complained of
by tho old Portuguese. However, the emperor’s
speech will shew that they were wrong in their con
The Emperor is vexed with the Assembly for not
acting more promptly on tlio stnt*» of the bank, aud
for not supplying the government with money to get
out of the labyrinth in which tho war has involved
it. Tho Assembly,is to prepare the natives for tax
ation. VVeluok forward with anxiety to the ordi
nary time of opening the Cortes, the 3d ofnext month,
when we will lie oh]o to firm an opinion as to the
f:turn state of things. It is the intention of gov
ernment to tal.e the affairs oft ho bank into its own
hands, and make the paper circulate nil through the
Brazils, which will certainly have a very good ten
dency. although ity circulation, at first", will not he
i “April fi. Arrived brig Rebecca, via Bahia, with
1400 barrels Flour.”
! _ MEXICO.—15y the ship Virginia, Collins, at New
j Yik from Vera Cruz, the editor*of the Morning IJe
rald have received city of Mexico papers to the 10th
April inclusive. Com. Porter was still nt Vera Cruz,
hut soon to leave For the capital, having Iippu called*
there by the government to consult in relation to the
Navy. lie had previously asked leave of absence for
the 17nitod States, but had not obtained it. The coun
try generally was tranquil; the new administration
li:ul just commenced, and the result of their measures
remains to be seen.
A Mexico paper ofthe 17th. contains a list of the
names ol 191 Spaniards, who had been supplied bv
government with the means to enable the.,, to leave
the country under the act ofthe 20th March, amount
ing to 4500 dollars.
A postscript in the Espiratu Publico ofthe 16th of
April, announces the resignation of Gonzales Anguio
as Secretary ot State, and tue'appoiminent of St. Za
vala Governor of Mexico, in his^lace. The duties
of the office wero performed by St. Montezuma* the
Secretary of War, until. St. Znlva could so!Us the af
fairs of Governor. The appointment appears to give
I general satisfaction.
It appea rs that the attention of the Mexican go
! verr.mont is now directed to the promotion of educa
tion by the establishment of Schools on the Lancas
trian principle m the several States.
Trent// of PeuecbeUceen Colombia and Peru.
We received intelligence by the sch. Splendid,
which we published on Tuesday iast, that peace had
hern concluded between Colombia ami Peru, and
wore yesterday obligingly favoured with a Jamaica
paper ol the iHrh u.i.. containing the Convention en
tered into oy these powers on the 27th Fob. last nt
..iron, to serve os the basis of a definitive treaty of
pence,and approved by inn Colombian General Sucre,
and by the President of Peru Do Lit Mar. «n the 1st
11 arch- i he principal articles ofthe Convention
are those which declare that neither power shall
interfere with the government of the other; that the
independence of the Bolivian Republic is acknowl
edged: that the Peruvian army shall evacuate the soil
of Colombia within twenty days, that the plenipoten
tiaries on both sides shall meet at Guayaquil in May,
to form a definitive treaty of alliance against all for
cign invasions: and lastly, that the blockade against
t he Colombian port s shall cease on the day on. Tvhii h
the commissioners shall meet at Gavaqui'l to settle
thy details of tuo definitive f rentv.
1 he most important part of the convention to ns
is that which raises the blockade of the Colombian
ports and of course tak.s off the trammels now im
posed on our commerce with these ports, and os by
nrtr.a «, our government is to he requested to act as
a tnediator, unrl guarantee the definitive treaty,
tlmr.- is no doubt tiiat our intercourse with both coun
tre s will become more frequent and valuable.
f lie fighting appears to liave been desperate, and
the shughtcr of die Peruvians very great. According
to Mm Columbian account,8000 Peruvians were beat*
on by 4000 Co/uinbinm.
A fjrntleman who reside* nt Kingsclere, Hampshire,
. j p*cl, recently Mad in h:s stock, a cow which pro*
iVu:;'A ^enty.ono calves, throe hundred hhda. of
milk, anu four tons of butter, the value of which
Miinlit be fairly mMrnntad nt C">00. When killed,
Hit !;it of this wmidurfui cow weighed more than the
lean ana bones altogether ^
...ec, „ UxiNwin, (Ky.) May l'S.
• i “.j HuriUtlf* of '/ rnn\if!\)tnlin!
t i- (vir p.u i(,m i-i k to record the dc. tnictioii ofnur hciiutifril1
Ooll-ge C'.dicc, the principal hui I, ling of Transylvan. i I nivcr*i
ty-, on -aiimb.y night ia.<t. The fire commenced in the third
tfory near the raiitr, anti a* is supposed near the staircase of
he Cupola; u was discovered a few minute* l»ef-»re 12 o’clock,
Itul Joe f jriic'dai I cation of it- commencement j. „msl
■ i.ivn made ennsiderable pru^res* lie fore it became visible with*
nut I he sin l.-wts and profetsors w ho lodged In the thud tin
ry were on»v able such was the rapid progress of t»i« Jevourmg
Lament; t*> rsr.ripe w.fh their lives kV, the few clothes which tiwy
couH lay their hands on in the haste ofilmir escape. In a few
irvipufe? f«.om thn first alarm, the room from one rx»ren»*dy to
the other, with the Cupola, presented the spectacle of one Uvr*
s.-ret of fi*e, with the corlmg flame* rising and rolling in gtaud
an awful sublimity towards the fi-avens,' illuminating the corr.
cavf 'v,th Hlinost noonday refulgence. The engines and a !
vast concourse of citizens were quick o„ the spot, but it wav
omtd ,o oe utterly impossible Wu.gni.rt, sofirgr a mis" of
,,on h-L . ?,,n'I1'" required their constant aftem
.ion. a i, Urinary being,n the second story was only partially
!ost: most of it v;as v!,r„d by Urn e*e,„,.,» ofMrm DaW
nwao, James M. I’lkn, George Weigart and a few others The
T?" ,: ,rr,,.v’ crn,,r‘*'n? °f •'■W volume*, was entirely Inst -.
I he t nion I htlosophicaf and Whig Societies k-« the whole of
*n, , libraries, amounting together to 1600 volume.- of
valuable well selected books, and also tb« whole of their
furniture and papers. The l>hilo«ophira| Appaiatu* of the
University war -aved with Ihc except,en of a few instrument*.
. nxcraf inrliyK.mils connected with the institution sustained the
l<, ^ of nooks and clothing to a considerable amount. I'ro*
festoi Matthew- lost several hundred dollars in books and I’ht
I isoirtncal Apparatus. ticither with hn mathainntical and sci
entific manuscripts, the fruit* of the laboT and study of many
years. I rofissorg Pratt and ftimond* were also sufferers. For
tun.i'dy no pr* m *n tained any serious bodily injury.
-ns in two hiK-f hour* the edifice whirl) was the pride ol tire
Hra'c and of the town, wan reduced to a heap of min*. The
r'pyrig r»f the institution however are not discouraged. The
Tifrssors and '-tudent* entered upon their labors at the usual
hour*on Monday morning, in apartments ,n other building*,
wh-ch they will continue to neenpy for the prerem, while the
J rurtccs are using the mean* within tbeir power to furnish
another building. We understand that there was insurance in
two office* to the amount of $10,000 The first cost of the edi
fic ■ av about fifSq.nno The beck* and property desti-oved
vv.« worth .1 or 1*> thousand dollars, which we hope will soon
.x- replaced by the generous friends of learning. The fire is
s inprwed to have been accidentally communicated bv a candle
1 he buildings belonging to the 'Medical Deportment are in
another part of the town and are safe. The principal building
of what ,* commonly called Orileen |>roper, was the only one
rmnaiqicd. 1 he old College on fm i ..
i'^ied he •’ e ‘'V'cr’s.
| Mr Fillebrmcn—Tbis gentleman, once u mcnfei^
; °J^<m*ress.froift Maine, was lately dismissed from a
j subordinate offic? he had long held, in oue of I ho De
i parturients at Washington, without the imputation
. Ot a fault on the part of the dismissing power,
j (*n l!lu caMJ Mr. Fillebrown, the Intelligencer ob
| served, “that even in Turkey, when the (Jrnnd Vi
; strangled, (their mode of changing an atlinin
! 1 stration,) tiie subordinates arc suffered to escape;
puul in the bloodiest sacrifices to successful rivalry,
• the mutes ut least are spared.” In reply to this
^ the Telegraph makes a serious charge against Air.
i I- illebrown—one, a hiutof which, never before reach
«*d the public—one, which we believe to bo wholly
unfounded. Wo are glad to perceive that Mr. Fille
hrown lifts determined to call for a judicial invest!—
gation of the charge, which is as follows.
From t.'-c Telegraph.
Do the editor? of the 1 utrl!igt*nct*i-believe that their cant can
I* i.npnscil tii.no the people of thn tinned States for patriotism?
* bat print, tins morning, mourns over the case of Air. I’hille
orown, one of the clerks removed by the Secretary of :he New,
and minor says, lhat Mr. Adams, in commiseration for iiis mi'-*
fortune, has loaned Aim, or granted him five liundied dollars Jo
■•.r»in the world w ith !! We have not conceived it necessary to
lav befoie tbr. public nil the causes winch called for the removal
of those individuals who have been considered unworthy of
public confidence. Onr forbearance lias been most grossly
abuse I. I like tin: case of Mr. Phillcbrown ns an instance. If
is a (act, that on the 3d >Iay of March, he permitted bis nrotut
to be used for the purpose of drawing, improperly, from the
treasury, a lame sum of money, (nine thousand dollars ve.
•cl>enr.) given to one of the agents .of the coalition, under cir
cumstances, which leave no doubt, that it was the wares of
corruption. 6
In reply tn tliis serious accusation, Air. Filip
j brown published the following note in the Nations!
j Intelligencer of the 23d.
1 . Washington, 2J2d May, 152J>.
i ic.iitlair.i'n: I resuming fhat the fountain of justice in this
country has not been polluted nr impaired by the recent ootra*
ges ottered to the freedom of opinion enjoyed by all citizens un
der every previous administration of this government, and that
the laws of the. country are yet sufficient to protect innocent
character against the slanders of political enemies, 1 huvo deem
ed it proper to appeal to that srmrrn for redress against the at
tack on my character which has emanated from a print of this
city, since my dismissal from office; and I beg you to publish,
tiiis note, to explain to my friends here and elsewhere, why t
have not resorted to the use of the press to repel the imputations
to which 1 refer. r
Very respectfully,
Your ob’t serv’t, *
j Tjr TliO Washington paper? state the extraordinary
i fact, that Mr. Van Ness appointed Minister to Spain,
j is not expected to go out tor six months! Why was
I Mr. Van Ness appointed six months before the tima
when Gen. Jackson was resolved to recal Mr. Ever-,
ett? If it was deemed expedient to permit Mr. Ev
erett to remain at Madrid six months longer, why
not await until the expiration of that time to appoint
his successor? Is it true, that the law allows foreign
ministers to draw their salaries from the moment the
appointment ia conferred upon them? And has Mr.
Van Ness been appointed six months before lit will
be required to go, in order to give him the benefit ot'
this provision of the law*
We make these enquiries in a fair spirit.
; We are informed that Mr. Van Ness, has a right
; to have his salary commence fh>m the moment he ac
I cept.9 the appointment, under the legal presumption,
! fhat the time intervening before his departure, is ne
cessarily devoted to the selt’emcnt of his privato
affairs. But the law never could have contemplated
six months to be necessary for this object, and wo
arc- obliged to conclude from the facts of the case, that
President Jackson in the abundance of hisgrace and
; favor, has made Gov. Van Ness a gratuity of
(six months’ salarr) out of the Treasury, by way of
compensation for Lis Vermont services.
The Washington Telegraph says thht'Mr. Swee
ny lately dismissed from the P. Office for not being a
Jackson man, is the correspondent of the U. S. Ga
| T’.ett.e. We thought Puff would nose him out, or at
least, swear brj know all about him. The Phc
nix Gazette however, says positively, that Mr.
1 Sweeny is not the correspondent. Whoever he may
| be, he is a shrewd and clever fellov/.
tCr Our country friends will find on the outer pago-,
an extract from our correspondent nf. Washington,
re-alfi rmtug the truth of the anecdote about the Nor
thern C lergvninn, and Gen. Jackson. We bclicvo
sincerely in its truth. We have heard various anec
dote?. from different and unconnected, and the most
respectable sources, establishing beyond a question,
either the most composed and deliberate deceit on
the part of the Pri’sident; or, as we had rather believe
*o ho th* case, n state of entire mental bewilderment.
Gentlemen soliciting to be retained in office, or soli
citing this favor for others, would receive the most
confident assurances of grace, accompanied by ex
pressions of modest wonder, that they should imagino
themselves or their friends in any danger of removal.
The applicant would of course leave the President, en
tirely satisfied with his royal promise. The next
day, or within a few days, he pees a notification in
the public prints, that his friend for whom the pro
mise was obtained, was rcnur'cd, without cause as
signed, and hjs office given to somebody clao. Do
cases of this description argue deceit or imbecility?
We believe the last, for we see no motive that the
President could have, in deceiving in such cases, and
more particularly for a few days only. There is a third
way of solving the difficulty, but more discreditable
to him than cither of the others. Tt is, by the sup
position, that Duff or some of his favorites, have in
fluence enough to make him forfeit his word, delibe
rately pledged. This we should, however, still con
strue ns evidence of the confusion and imbecility of
Ins intellect. But we leave it to others to define the
cause—we vouch for tho fact.
It* ’ Letter from Treasurer Campbell, to cne of hi*
r*.’f b^r-^ofinc“!crs, on tc-morrow.

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