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^__RICHMOND, VIRGINIA, FRIDAY MORNMJ, AUGUST 21, 1829 "
VI.—No. Stye Commtutiouai ! AVKDAKSDVV .HOlt.MVt;, AlCIST IQ, Inat). T'lvm Ihc Jtirhumntt Knquircr of JliHiU.il ili. “Navy Ac;km-.—VVe are unacquainted with the raisons which have induced the Administration to supercede Mr. Miles King, us Navy Agent, at Nor folk.—Until they are explicitly developed, it is out of our power to approve or condemn his removal We | regret the fate of a gentleman, for whom we felt so touch esteem. But it. is impossible to pass ov*r the ungenerous attempt, that has already been made, to ! attack and disparage the pretensions of his Succes- | Kor. The fang of certain Slang-whangers of the Op- j position, spares im one. We know Nash Legrand— ! We think we know bun wjpll — and we undertake to ! say, tiiat he is not only an honest man, but a man of the purest Hiid nicest sense of honor—a man, who “would tool a stain as a wound”—and who will watch oyer the pecuniary interests, committed to his care, with the steruedl and most scrupulous integrity._ He is a man of excellent judgment—ami his Educa tionhasbecn of a very liberal eftst. lie is respected by a large circle of friends—who know howto esti mate the solid worth of his character. If we mistake not the duties which he will have to perform, he is perfectly qualified to discharge them, '^he Disburse ments of the public money, upon propor vouchers, we Understand to be the principal province of his Depart ment—and that a knowledge of naval architecture, cannot he said to enter into the list of qualifications.” We would not have thought it necessary to aim mgnt uu the above editorial paragraph, were it not that it might, and probably by the mass oftlie nrail qrtof the Enquirer, would be inferred' that we had attacked the integrity of Mr. Legrand. It may be, that Mr. Ritchie did not intend this—wc hope he did not, yet it is certain, that such would be the effect of his remarks. Mr. Ritchie has been for some time reading lectures to the editors of the National Intel ligencer, upon decency of deportment—himself nev cr losing sight of it. witness, “T/ie fang of certain slang'ichangers of the Opposition, spares no one.” The remarks we made in relation to the removal of Mr. King, ami the appointment of. Mr. Legrand, we thougth true, and we have no reason as yet to change that opinion. We made no attack on Mr. Legrand’s character as a gentleman, or man of honor. We spoke of his fitness, or rather unfitness, for the office, dnd we have heard no one yet, except Mr. Ritchie, express an opinion, but has admitted, that a worse appointment could hardly have been made. We went into a brief history of Mr. Legrand’s life, not to wouud his feelings, hut to prove to others, unacquain ted with him, that the public interest could not ho the motive for his appointment. Asa public officer, bi$ fitness, or unfitnes, is a subject of fair comment In opposition to (he declaration of Mr. Ritchie, that the disbursement of the public "money, upon proper vouchers, is the principal province of his department, w'e undertake to say, upon information from various sources,upon which we rely, that there is hardly a more laborious, or responsible office under the Gov ernment—and that some knowledge of naval .archi tecture is indispensable, unless Mr. Legrand employs others to do those duties which properly devolve upon himself. We are informed that it is his duty U> make all purchases of stoics, in fitting out ships— pee that contractors comply with the "terms of their contracts, in the quality of the articles furnished, as well ship timber, as others—in fine, that the officer should be a complete merchant, an accomplished book-keeper, and a most active and indefatigable man of business. Is Mr. Legrand such a man? Have his pursuits and education, fitted him forii? We un hesitatingly say no, and that the only requisite qual ification he possesses, is that his character stands fair as an honest man, a qualification we hope, not so rare in the Jackson ranks, as to cover in its possessor, like the military glory of Gen. Jackson, all oilier de ficiencies. We doubt not that Mr. Ritchie will be made acquainted with the reasons for removing Mr. Miles King in due time, by the proper authority, and considering the unlimited confidence he now has in thro‘‘good man” at Washington, that those reasons will be equally satisfactory with, him, as they have been in all other cases of removal. In the mean lime, we give extracts from ihe Norfolk Herald, and Beacon, to show how the good citizens of that Bo rough view this matter. rrom tnc Norfolk Herald of Monday. The Richmond papers confirm a report w '.oh reach- ; ed hare last Thursday, that Mii.es Kino, Esq. had: heen removed from the office of Navy Agent at this i place, a fact which feiv who heard it could credit,! until it was placed beyond dispute. We have scl- i dom witnessed a more lively sensation than this e vent has produced here; for, apart from politics, there never was a more popular man in this community than Miles King, whether in or out. of office; and no j one, we wili venture to say, has more highly deserved the applause of his fellow citizens by* the lustre of uis i private virtues or bis devotion to the public good. Jtoepfy, therefore, is his removal regretted, under’ whatever circumstances it may have been decreed. ; We ore. as yet, entirely ignorant of the causes as signed for his removal, ps wc understand, Mr. King' is himself, having had no official notice of it; it would j therefore be permaturoto speak of it in terms of1 •ensure. Mr. King was a decided friend to the c-j lection of Mr. Adams, though he never took an active part in promoting it: we arc assured, however, thot ; be has not been displaced on that account; nnd we1 dare affirm that nothing can with trut.ii bo alleged against him,in any manner,affecting his integrity and ! honor. Nash Lrr.n ANo, Esq. a Member of the Executive Council of Virginia, has been appointed to succeed | Mr. King. From the Norfolk Tiearon oj Monday. It has been reported here for several days past, on the authority oflet.ters from Washington, and is an nounced in tiie Richmond papers of Thursday and Eriday last, that Nash Lv.ora ■ >. Esq, (a member of tbe Executive Council of this slate) has been ap pointed U. S. Navy Agent at this place, in the room of our much esteemed follow citizen Mh.es Kino, Esq. removed. The Washington papers lip to Saturday last do not say any thing on the subject; nnd wc have no hesitation in declaring our belief that our fellow citizens generally would be much more grati fied to sec this report falsified than confirmed. More Contuicnry.—The Richmond Enquirer, speak ing of the appointment of Mr. Dauby, Editor of the Oneida Observer, lately appointed Postmaster at Uii t a, in the Stale of Ne w York, says. “The importance of that otlice entitles it to tho entire personal attention ami responsibility of the in dividual to whom it is eytru.-ted by the government. Mr. Dauby, it. is true, has heretofore been the editor of a journal; but it is said that iie wi'i bo required to devote his undivided attention to the post oflicc: And in all the eases in which the editors t»f political journals have been appointed to post others, which are of suf ficient importance to require it, it will be expected of tin*m to disconnect themselves from their publica tions.” C,‘lament by Ike C'iie-L Sentiiui <$- G<izcltcy«f. iug. i i. ‘•Mr. J)(tnby, as tin; Richmond Enquirer calls him, does not “devote Ins undivided attention to the post otlice,” as tiial paper says lie lias been “required” to do; bis printing concern still continues “the primaty object of bis attention;” and so far from “being ex pected to disconnect himself from his publication,” \ve believe that this very connexion procured him as it has many others, the office which ho holds** The establishment of a system of political e</>ionoge and o| the means of “penetiating tiie interior’- with hand bills, is an advantage too obvious to escape the obser vation or he left out of the plans, of a certain per?o— nage. win; is indebted for his distinction more to such inniiamvn.'s than to his merit, talent, accomplishments or public services.” We opine that the renders of’ the Enquirer will never learn this fact, through the columns oftliat pa per, as much as it detests the “suppressio vori” in the j National Intelligencer. _TiItJRSD.VVjtUMtN]NC, At (;rST 2()~ 1H21). • ir. / an ljurcn.— \vesli;ili k«cp a.i eye unnu llic movements of this gentleman, and his train of satel lites and puffers. The needle dues not more faith fully turn to the pole, than the desires and affections o\ the Secretary of Slate, concentrate upon tlie Pres idential Office. By and by, we shall hear that it is quite a “safe precedent” to exalt the premier one grade higher, being the highest in the political scale. His “dearfriend” of the Enquirer, with his wonted; caution, contents himself at present, with a little sly wheedling and cajoling with public opinion. In tlie last paper, there a^re certain mystcrous “givings out,” every word and syllable of which, bear the im press, and sign inanuol of the Senior Editor*, yet for fear of “premature committal”—the words “Fou tub ExciuiRKn,” are cunningly prefixed to the article. We beg the readers of that “enviably decent” print, to mark well the style, scope, and design of the afore said article. Its whole drift, is to exaggerate Mr. i Van Huron s services, even in comparison with his illustrious predecessors in tlie State Department, by! first setting forth the great difficulties, he ami Gen.1 : Jackson have had to encounter from want of famil I iarity with the public offices, and their total inexpo | nonce in diplomatic affairs. Y»’e ourselves, and I those who thought with us,all along contended, that ■ nothing was more preposterous than to entrust men ! with the mauagemeut of the great concerns of this j nation, who ivere totally ignorant of our foreign re lat.ons, and unaccustomed to the complex operations of the Government. When time shall dovclope the slips*.-nd blunders, which wijl inevitably grow out of ! this short-sighted and mischievous policy,—wc shall ! hoar the “sl&ngwliotigers’’ of the combination,—the ! puffers and worshippers .of the “powers that be’ — j skulking behind this pi elext of “want of experience.” ; We beg our readers to recollect, that what we now | venture as prophecy, will in time, become history. ; Mr. Ritchie says—‘-It is undensiood that Mr. Van i Btircn iastrietly confined to his post—[that is, since his return from New York and Delaware.] He has ! just completed a long scriesjrf despatches lor Messrs, t M Lane and Rives, and_Jiaip Is preparing the dis patches of Messrs, treble, (for the Netherlands) and Van Ness, (for -fJpujn’;) Hoiv circumstantial ! —What a faithful correspondent is “dear Marlin” to his loving friend of the Enquirer,—thus to tic quaint him with all the secrets of the Bureau. The dispatches for Spain, and Netherlands, arc now he- \ ing prepared, to use the fashionable phraseology!— We wonder our worthy contemporary, has not ta ken a trip to Washington, on purpose to supervise these precious documents, n liich ore to redound so much to Mr. Van Buren’s credit, and to place him hereafter so “very high in the public estimation.” NORTH CAROLINA ELECTIONS. Edcnlon District.—We learn from a friend in Eli zabeth City, that William B. Shepard, Esq. is elect ed by a majority of 3*^7 votes over Lemuel Sawyer, Esq the late ltepreseirtative from that District. The vote in Wake for a Representative in Congress was, for Daniel L. Bnrrinngr 1350. James A. Craig 12.5. Nathaniel .1. l’almer I. Gen. Barringer had tb majority also in the other two counties. That in Person was, for Barringer 420, Craig. 317, Palmer 5. The state of the poll from Ornngo we have not yet heard; but his total majority rpust be V2ry large. The Congressional vote in Cumberland was, for John A. Cameron 925, Edmund Deberry 264 The Congressional vote in Robeson was, for Cam eron 526, Deberry 395. This election will be a very close one. The Congressional vote in Chatham was, for Lon" 751, Giles 079. From Kentucky, wo have further information since our Inst, concerning the election of Representa tives to Congress, the sum of which is that Chareks A. Wickeieee is re-elected by a majority of 600 votes; Thomab Cmi.Toa is re-elected by a large major ity; Chittknokn Lyon is re-elected without opposi tion; and Henry Daniee is rc-clcctcd by a consider able majority. Mr. Lecomptk is said to be re-clec ted by a small majority. In tlie Districts lately rep resented by Mr. Buckner and Mr. Chambers.(both of whom declined a re election) the candidates favor able to the Lte Administration arc said to have been elected. Mr. Yancey is supposed by the Public Advertiser to have been re-elected (though no re turns are received) in opposition to Fra\cis John son. If th^sc suppositions arc realized, the political re stilt of the election in the State will have been ns follows; For the present Administration, - 7 Against it, ... 4 Not known (Mr. K.) - - 1 In the last Congress, the parties slope] as f! to 4— nearly the same as now: but the friends of Mr. Ceay, in Kentucky, have, in the late election, exhibited a large increase of numbers, by which Mr. Ktncatp was elected. Mr. Lf.compte hard run,and Mr. Wick etffe’b majority greatly reduced. Whenever certain information arrive? to confirm or contradict, the above statements, our reader* t !m;l j have it.—Nat. In*. i'ou r.it Wiuo. KC.’LU'SKS. ! Messrs. Editor* Aitliongh it will l„- funny ndm'tted bv all who have given their attention to the subject, that the Science ui Astronomy pots in r.- t .i.iti.n, talents ol the fh.-t and highest order, ycl there a.e many tniigs in tl.is science ol a curious ami practicaliiat.irt;, vvh.ch are level to the capacity of ordmerv minds, and which may be said to*have a real connexion with the hopes and fears of mankind Be >ple in general, Imwev r, d-. not appear to pay that attention to these things, that their importance demands, unless they happen to lie stimulated by some rare occurrence or phenomenon in the (kies, and especially some sithn phenomenon hs they ire able tocoutemplai • Who .t the .ltd . as. (.lasses have in ieed hecnin.' more common, and every one knows that thov yield a sat.sfac -m or certainty, vastU- superior to the naked eyesight. The observation and C.i.cu y "in of Eclipses and Occuh.nums, have, from the com "leiiceim-nt of the Science of Artroutnnw contrihute.l more to us progress, ami to it, present elevated ram., than any thing else. 1 he occurrence ol an Ecnjise, es|>ecially if it be large or total, commands the attention of the learned and the unlearned. II there be a long interval m which there is no Eclipse of any note, the science seems to languish, or retire to the Brofcssor’s chair. At the pre.-eut moment the Occultatiou r.r Aldelmran, or tiie Knil R eye, uivites the cunotis, and soon we shall lie favored with a visible Ephpse of the Moon. Having observed an error m the Almanacs in rejunl to this Eclipse of the Moon. 1 hate thought it proper to send yon a calculation, adapted 10’ the lati tude and .o«gitude ot Wch-nomi winch 1 trust will be fooiid more accurate. i have also added a prediction of the most • nporiant Eclipses for several years to come, as an aeeotnmoth tion to those olyour patrons and friends who are fond ofautici p.^tmg such events. The Moon will he Eclipsed September 13th, 1323 — Beginning,. - 12 o’clock, 15 minutes morning Middle, - 1 “ -20 min. b *-nd, - -2 “ 37 min. Duration, - 2 hours 22 min. Digits, . . 5 9-NEon the Moon's South Liiith. 1 rue time of Full Moon, 1 o’clock, 23 min. Moon’s latitude, 45 min. 55 sec. Noitii descending ’Iheie will be a Total Eclipse of the Moon, Sept. 2/1, 1830— ' Beginning, - - 3 o'clock, 41 min. H. M. j Ends, - 7 ** 15 min. Duration, - - 3 hours 31 min. To<a! darkness Ht 4 o’clock, 40 min. There will he a large Eclipse of the Sun, Feb. 12th, 1831 — Beginning,. -• It) o’clock, 59 min. A. M. Ends at • 1 59 min B. M. Duration, 2 hours, 59 min. Digits, - - 113 10 on the South Limb. rshadow will run across the south-east comer of \ irginia. The centre will first strike the Earth in latitude 31 deg. 15 mm. North, longitude 64 deg. 20 min. West, aud thence mo a little South of East, and so on. There will he an Eclipse of the Sun, Nov. 30th, 183 1 - Beginning, - - 12 o’clock, 58 min. B. M. Ends, - - »> “ 33 min. Duration, - - 2 hours, 40 min. Digits, - . 105-10 on the South Limb. New Mor.n, - . l o’clock, 55 min. B. M. There will be an Eclipse of the Sun, Sept. 18th, 1838 — Beginning, - - 2 o’clock, 53 miu. 1’. M. Ends, - 5 »* 46 min. Duration, - - 2 hours, 43 inin. Digits, - - 11 3 it) on the Smith Limb. . ,0.n» • 3 o’clock, 37 min B. M. 1 his will he an Atinui.tr Eclipse. There will he an Eclipse of the Sun, -\ pril 25th 1816— Beginning, - - In o’clock, 35 min. A. M. knds, - I “ 19 min. B. M. Duration, - - 2 hours, 44 min. Digits, . . 6 3 4 on the South Limb. New Mo-.n, - - li o’clock, 39 min. A. M. A. B. C. of Goachland. Com :.i i: s i cVteji. At a meeting held at the Brook Spring, in the county of Henrico, on Thursday week, at 4 o’clock, lor the purpose of organizing a Company of Cavalry to patrolo in this county. Writ. Barton, sen. was called t° the Chair, and Bcnj. Sheppard acted as Secretary. \v iii. Burton tlum. add roused the company in a brief, but appropriate speech, on the object nod ad ! vantages f,i such a Company. After which they proceeded to nominate and elect officers, viz: Benjamin Sheppard, Captain. Win. Burton, sen. 1st Lieutenant. Janies Wlutclow, 2nd Lieutenant. Jacob Smith, llnsigu. Jno. AJ. Potts, Ordeily Sergeant. Joseph C. Pleasants, 2nd Sergeant. Aides ('ary, 3rd Sergeant. ° [ ^ ^ Augustus Murdecai, dth Sergeant. 'i’lioy then proceeded to appoint Jno. M. Bolts, AV m. Wiilianoson, and Wm. Burton, a committee to form resolutions to be submitted to the company at the next meeting, for consideration. On motion of A] r. Sheppard, the company then ad journed. J^ruin the Aurora arul Pennsylvania Gazelle. The Lynchburg (Va.) Jeffersonian, makes the an nexed statement: “VVc understand that the wheat market is still on the decline at Richmond. The article is now sell ing in that place at Cl cents, and it was expected that Hour wot 5d fall to « i oO. Kales of wheat have been made in this place at 65 cents, and the extremes of prices may be set down at 60 a 61 cents.” Upon which the I’iiiladclphia Gazette remarks: ‘•Who, ater .-.uch a statement, can doubt'the pol icy of our Government, in pursuing every measure which may have a tendency to negotiate away the British corn laws?” Is it the opinion of any one intelligent man. ac quainted with the circumstances, that it would be any advantage to the United Ktates if the British were to repeal their corn laws in toto? If their ports were opened, as wo presume they would ho, to nil the world, corn, in other words, wheat and flour, would he cheaper in England than in Philadelphia or New York* No one doubts this. Ilencc the fol ly of talking about their repeal as a benefit to the United Ktates. We do not believe it would be worth n cent; and,in truth, we do not know that the Brit ish Government has any privilege within its dispo sal worth even two or three clauses of the tariff. Tub Spanish S(*tmt>bon.— It appears from accounts received by the Illinois, from New Orleans, that the ship Bingham was separated in a gale from the rest of the Spanish squadron on the 11th July, in lat. 2ldeg. COmin., long. 92dcg. 30mm. By looking at a map, it will be seen that the fleet (in this position) was on its direct course from Ilavana' to Vera Cruz; and so far past the Promontory of Yuctnn, that n landing at G'ainpcachy would seem impossible. Jour. Coni. Extract of a letter from New Orleans, July 23._ “The yellow fever, which has prevailed some time among the shipping, has now completely entered the city, and is making many victims among the unne climated.” The trade of England with France for liie last year, did not exceed eight hundred thousand pounds ster ling; while with Turkey it amounted to more than a million. The New York iWermnlile say? that the U. S. frlgalc Con* I Bcllation went to sea at G I’. M. on Friday. Bv Hie Blip Carolinian, arrived at Philadelphia on Sunday I last, from Laguyra, which place she left on the 30th nit. wo learn that the new Tariff was |o go into effect the day after the ■ jailing of the Carolinian. Prom the Pineantle .Mirror, August 15. Crops.—So favorable has been the present season, that there is now a prospect of more abundant crops i of Corn, in this County, than bavc been made for I many years. The supply will be so great, that it is not expected to sell for more than 21 cents per bush el. Wheat has also turned out very well, and will I not. command more than 50 cents. The Tobacco ■ cron, also, tvenre told, promises very well. [From the New York Morning Herald ] n ..at is ltie cause of the distress anil hard times in l us country.' '1 Ins question lias been asked in n ■ousund shapes, and answered in as uidiiv. Adam tMtiiib compares a nation to a family, and tells us that what would render a well regulated family prospe rous. extended, would lender a nation sm and of course what wou’d derange a family, would, ifi.p plmd to a nation, produce a similar edect. Now if a lanulv that had been in the habit of buying 500 or l-n j do.Urn ol ;;o ..Is per nunutu. it bJin-- jusla bout the amount they could conveni. utlv’pay for, should be induced to buy double that quantilv and become embarrassed, even though they ..blamed then, cheaper than usual, would it not be strange if l to members of the fnniiiy should be fbitnd running ai.out, and wondering wAy they were e mbarrassed, asking the cause, and attributing it to every k-nd of i thing imaginable but the true one, that is the b-iym ol too many goods? Great Britain to a great extent •f.the moreham for the United States, she has or dinarily sold us about 30,000,000 of dollars worth of goods, as much os we could well pay for. In lti jy i Ir. I cel tells us,she sent to this country more than ■ double that quantity. Aft r they were biough; h. re i tlie_\ ». ere sola uri doubt, ami the numev psid tor them is gune out of this country to Great Bnt.iui._I Is it strange then that we are embarrassed? Would : it not be strange ;i wo were not embarrassed? It re quires no necromancy to understand this. It is us1 pi.iin as Dr. Franklins inode of emptying the meal i tub, which was done simply l.v taking out, and put-j ling uoliiiiig in. But why has Great Britain of laic ' sent us so many more goods than usual? The im- | tions ol the earth being pretty much at peace, and tiudmg il better to make goods themselves than to 1 buy them ol Great Britain as they have been wont to j do, she having a larger surplus on band than usual i mid wanting money, more than goods, the ports of | the United Stat< s being open to receive them, i; ; would bo passing strange if she did not ship them ll may be said t hat, although there has been a g*,ii- i eral pressure through the country, it has been felt i more severely by the American manufacturers th in any other class ofciti/.ens. 'This is perhaps true—: the imported English goods being sold cheap to the customers of the manufacturers, would of course a hridore their sales? ihi« ............ t I pressure and hue and cry through tin; country,Unit , the manufacturers were all about to fail,has brought 1 a great portion of the calamity directly upon their de voted heads. No class of manufacturers have sutfor , ed more than those engaged in making coarse eot ! tons. This had tor years been a very profitable bu siness—and vast amounts of' capital and credit w> re | employed. The prostration of credit operated like j the besom of destruction. It was uaparalled. The | Journals in our mercantile cities who wereinst.ru | mental in destroying this confidence, have aserilred ! the embarrassment to every cause hut. the true one. It is childly charged to the* tariff of I«2«. The ta rifl of Ki2»? What an absurdity! Every body knows, that knows any thing on the subject, that the tariff of lli-iH had no effect on coarse cottons. The reply of all the cotton manufacturers, who were examin ed by tiie Committee of the liwiise oi'Rcprescntutivi.-s in Iwas Uniterm—that td»cy wanted no further protection—that they had under theoxisting iaws ex | eluded foreign coarse cottons, and that all eourpeti | lion, but home competition had ceased. The tron 1 hies in Rhode Island might as well he ascribed to the J revocfitiuii of the edict of Nani/., as to this last tariff, ; and those who have produced tins iai press ion have ; done tl ftorn ignorance, or the’most wanton decep i lion. , Lot it not be said by those who h ive beeii histru I mental in prostrating tiie manufacturing credit, that j they had pushed the business too tar—that they ought not to have gone beyond their capita1. If the same conduct had been pursued towards the Hanks of this City at a particular juncture, when one of our City Hanks failed, where would they now have been? If a general rush were now to be made upon us, is there any one so credulous as to believe they would meet all the demands. Suppose at the time of the future of the Franklin Bank, every paper in Hie country had come out with the declaration that tiie Now York Hanks were all on the eve of a failure, how many i would have withstood flic shock? What would have been the situation of their customers, if they had re fused to discount and undertaken to redeem all the paper they had emitted, by selling the goods, ships, (!v,c. of their customers under the hammer, for what they would bring? Would not the calamity have been much greater? Mercantile credit is more ox j tended than manufacturing credit now is, or probably ’ ever will be. CLARENDON. | - IT.-S1_ ^ A voiiunibic gentleman, one of tin: oldest, as well as1 the richest citizens of this county, in handing us his subscription money the other day, took occasion to give us lus opinion of the Tariff, and expressed great surprise at. the blind opposition of tin? Mouth, to a I pn’icy fraught with more benefit u> it, than any other ! section of tiie country. lie says, be can clothe his Negroes for half the money he used to do.and that the want of manufactures in this country cost him du ring the last war, not less than 10,000 Dollars. To ns, it always appeared the evidence of perverted intel lect, to deny the expediency and utility of every na tion's supplying, within itself, alT the means neces sary for its comfortable existence. That this is a deep rooted conviction in every honest mind, is proved by the reluctance with which the South re ceives certain articles even from their own fellow citi zens ol the North. It is evidence of a degrading de | prudence, which pride urges us to throw ol" by nro | viding for ourselves, but which other causes opc ' rate to prevent, and none more powerfully than pnr l-zon politics—Such has been the fermentation exci ted by the activity of a few ambitious aspirants— j so deeply have their deluded friends been‘‘commit ted" on this question, f hat the whole Soul i> now stands | on its consistency in proud sulkiness. Nothing but j the gratification of t heir selfish ambition in a few of i its lending men, will break the chain which nowbinds i us to our own folly and undoing. That a Tariff of protective dutiesis npccpsary for national independence, by continuing in existence our ; rising manufactories, was the doctrine of the leading men of the Covent ion who formed the Const it u' ' tion—has been the doctrine of our most, distinguished ; Statesmen, and the practice of the government from its beginning, and now enlists in its support three [ fourths of the population of this flourishing empirer. As long as legislative enactments arc made in other countries to cripple our domestic industry, and keep us still, in effect, in the chains of colonial monopoly, they must be met bv countervailing i.ma - tires on our part. Against such n course of policy, emphatically and frilly cal led the ^Irnrrican System, th 0 ephemer al witlings of the times couch their puny lances, and challenge *hc wisdom and experiences o'.’the Age. jVrw England Cotton Factories.—An able and judicious writer in tbe Boston Daily Advertiser has undertaken to show, io a series of brief communications, tbe causes of the [.resent depression of the price of Cotton Factory Stocks and Goods: The numbers are extremely interesting. The following an extract from one of them: “Cotton shirtings. No. IU, would probably, at the present price ofr.mton and labor, yield a reasonable profit at eight rents a yard. They arc now sold for less. Ttvrty years aj;o, India cottons were in general use, at twenty-five cents a yard: and four yards of them were worth one yard of our New Fneland shirtings. Thus, eight cents will now purchase what required a dollar thirty years ago. This is one of tbe natural effects of introducing domestic manufacture*. And it would entitle them 'a public fuvnr, were i* no* that they so decided!’- iutrrlcre with I the pi.-fiis of impose:srn,! Uo th'-r-fojc subj^CU-ii to t>,., v % ; evils of ihc-it uisuoila.".,ut.i.” n, _ T I'rom lh> IMtimi n < V.-o.-it'r.'.- <j•' I ] J. ^k PKHNLMKNT ON LKL'LLtV. ^ “How manv childimi have von Mr_?,! ^ j ‘‘1 have eight Sic.” v “Indeed .Sir! You have a large family io to siiDixjri. .’. ilio sinail salary you icctiyc ” * | “Yes Sir.” ' T* i Hie above i» the substance, if not ill* words of* ef t VPr. , •. on Yvlnrli urcnried i etween i'll. A.in s Kemi.il, .nut one oltlie^ clerks ol Ins dopnrtuienl, only a levr Hays Indore lie diM.-haig"'!^^ bi i I he inquiiyWhs tuaili with a couptenaiice beaming v.it'.i^P apparent benignity, ami ctcaicd the delusive bo|«* in the gen t e.uan to w hom it was addressed, tiiat it was so made yviiIi^ the intention ol promoting him; pu in: could no! get (lie consrnif^ ol Ids own mind to hclieie, that any one could be foinid so lost * to those I clings which dignily humanity, as to propound ques tions v. itli no other earthly motive than that of ascertaining, iiu advance of the day of sacrifice, the number of the victims ovel^ whose wic., hedec.s- and mist ry bis soul was destiuerl to feesu Looking at man oniy through the glass which reflerts the fair* sille of his Character, l,tf lust s.-ht ol that ol the individual under consideration. Little did he dream that in a few short days the man whoso motives he then put so high an estimate upon, w ould cast him, Itis wife, ami children, upon the cold charity of an unfeeling world, pul -licit was the fact; foi l his occurrence took, plant *>n the last Wednesday in the month of May, and on the Satur day billow ing, the feeling Mr. Kendal sent him a note, stating that his • cr*«.»u would he dispensed with after the last of this tnoiuli, (the neM day) aim tl.at lty presenting his account on Monday to his "Chief," (Ainns Keunai) thr halnttcn would hi. paid him. The cold-blooded and heartless treatment was ex tended by this man, towards a naiiv e citizen of Haltnuore_ towards one who had always dischaiged his duty faithfully, and against whose capacity aim integrity there was not even the i*: nnintiia ol a suspicion—towards a man who during the la«t w at w as to be found among the defender? of Ins country. It is im possible, we think, that the people of America, can toh-iato stic.li refinements on cruelly—such departures from the receive* courtesies and charities of life. 1 'Jf>form."—The system of turning out olYteor.. fur opinion's sake, which is now in successful prac tice by the Kxecutivu of the Uni led States, has, it. would scorn, attracted the attention oftlie politicians on the other side ot the Atianlio. The London Moi ning L'iironide, of the 22d June, to its notice of this subject, append- fhe following remark:; “This tborough sweeping will give to the coiiteste for the Presidency a character of peculiar bit term ss. It has been remarked; thut since war has lost its hor rors, patriotism has lust much of its strength, in an cient times, when tho capture of tt city led to the death or elavery o- the vanquished, patriotism wirs an engrossing passion. In the United States, every clerk even must become a determined partisan; anil every election for a Presidency will he viewed with an intensity of interest, Uy numbers wlioju if v.i'.l ra ise or ruin.” F'io'ii Hie (Ailurrihiu 1% CS.itrfte. Al'i i what has be.en witnessed of the mui-eol the prt ^nt Adinmistialion, we need not be smpiisvd at any tiling! remarkable feature in Ren. Jarkmii’s condua in his utie.r drs tegaid of tlie vine ol the people in many of his appointment*, although pi.ilessmg to be the I’lc.siifeni ol the people —Another remarkable feature is, the entire diMjtialilicatioii <>; sonm 01 ttio • persona be has appointed lor the duties of their respectivs oliices. Rut why shooIti we expect better things of him when *s h-uoratu even ol the propel Department iron) winch no appointment ought to lie made. To prove this w c can cite a tew instances, which came within our own knowledge ami ob scrv a lion. < ol. Samuel 1). Hariis, the Marshal at Boston, having heard that another person had applied lor his office, was fearful he. might lose it; he therefore unit ; to his friend Col. low son, whc. • col his letter to Mr. Van Huron, knowing that Marshals held their office mu. ; the State Dcnniment. Mr. Van Boren in turn sends the letter to the (’resident with a lute or two lia-trlV written and scarcely legible; aftei pondering ovt r the mailer .two or throe weeks tae I'le-i.lcnt endorses, either on ('ol Mar. its* letter or air V. Ik’s scrawl, ‘rtf/red to t,.c Navy lfepa>: mcilt.’ * 1 j Among the one thousand and one applications which the i President lias doubtless received since his induction into office, there-was one for the appointment of ;i Naval Officer at some ; port, and another for the command of a Revenue Cutter; cer tainly any clerk in any one. of the Departments, and probalifv i many school hoys, could have told him that there appointments w ere mafic by the. Set rotary of the Treasury; but he in lrs . wisdom endorses on each of these applications “refried to tin* ' Navy Department.” V et these same letters passed through the. , hands of his most sapient Secretary of the. Npvy without the i i tror being detected. The President might have thought that.; lie venue C 'utter belonged io the Navy and a Naval officer wav ! HI> officer ol the Navy, Inti we will not undertake to interpret his thoughts. We do not believe it is Any exaggeration to say, that flee. Jackson has made more improper, inconsistent and ridiculous appointments during the five months of his term, titan nil the Presidents who have preceded him. But the people elected him, in spite of all the admonitions and good advice that could be given to them, they must therefore take the consequences.— We shall sec whether they will respond in the year 1HJ2_ “Well done, thou good and faithful servant ” FROM the north cAnot.rrfA tmtrtot. Sr.sTiME.vr ok Juki eiison— Many childish mid futile attempts have been nir.de to draw a pnraUeJ between tho present A uuiuist ration and that of Mr Jefferson. It our readers will compare the followin' extract from the inaugural speech of Mr. Jefferson, with the policy which at this time pervades the conn’ try, we ask no more: “All will bear in mind this sacred principle, that, though the will of the majority is, in all cases, to pre vail. that will, to be rightful must be reasonable—that, the minority possess their rights; which equal laws must protect, and to violate, would be oppression. Let ns, then, fellow citizens, unite with one heart and ono mind. Let us restore to social intercourse that harmo ny ami affection, without which, liberty and even lif>: Itself, are but dreary thing*. And let iis reflect, that; having banished from our land that religious intole - rance, under which mankind so long bled and suffer ed, tee hate gained Utile >f tre countenance a political intolerance, as despotic, as wicked, and capable as j biller persecutions." Sentiment of ,'dr Jifndisov. ; ‘ T CONTEND THAT THE WANTON RE MOVAL OF MERITORIOUS OFFICERS WOULD SUBJECT HIM [the rnnsroENT,! TO IMPEACHMENT, AND REMOVAL FROM Ills HIGH TRUST.”—[James jMa IMSO^f. The rimiherland Advocate states that ? jfirv has been panti. IFd in th»-ease of C.corce. Swearingen, charged with the murder of his wife, and that tiip trial was going on. A nafurnl bridge exists in Massachusetts, second, only, to the one over Cedar Creek,.in Virginia. I", is st-ange flint tho wonders of the different parts of our country are not earlier knotyn abroad than tboy r.rn. Jnci Crawford and George R. Grimor, Esqs. are candidates for Governor of Georgia, at the ciumTig election. • The Rev. Mr. Church, has been riioson President fiftlie University of Georgia, in the place of Dr. YVad i del, resigned. It is ascertained liiaf. that port, of the Mail- r»i Maine which is claimed by tho British, contain# noL j less than eleven thousand square miles. A snake was lately shot at Mirntniebi. N. R. which measured 12 feet 7 inches ih length. Five whole pi geons were found in its stomach. ** u....M. hi,, NOTICE. ■ MAIt\ TOMPKI Ntf continues her Board 1:1 rl House. :n that large and > iry Brick BuilcRng on G. Htrect.so very contiguous i'» the Capitol, where she will be prepared to accommodate ten or fifteen Members of the Convention, an ! a; pro s chine L< "is •’aturc' au«r O *