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LETTER FROM MR. CHILTON.
Washington Citv, 22d April, 1830. J1lessrs. Gales <$■ Seaton—I proceed to redeem the pledge I gave through the columns of your paper, of the 16th uist • unappalled by the battalion of figures which Mr. Wick liffe has paraded before me, or the mercenary squadron, who are yelping at my heels.— 9 feel the confidence of having truth on my side, and we have high authority for saying, “it is mighty and will prevail.” In all that I have heretofore said, relative to the public expenditures, 1 have relied on the ollicial doc uments, submitted by the Secretary of the Treasury to Congress; tho appropriation acts found in the sta tute books; aud last, though not least, on the figures of the Chairman oft he Retrenchment Committee him self Taking these different lights to guide me, 1 have found that the expenditures of tho Lr4 year, the year which above all others, the nation looked to tor retrenchment and reform, have exceeded, by very large sums, the expenditures of the preceding year; taking out from each the payments on account of the public debt, and those made by the British for deport ed slaves under the Ghent treuty, so as to present the naked nett amount unobscurcd by what docs not belong to it. The excess, to be sure, was much grea ter according to the first official report of the Secre tary, thau it will now appear to be by his amended of ficial, or by the former figures of the Chairman ol the Committee of Retrenchment; but still taken in ei ther way, or all ways, in which any fair comparison can be drawn, there is a large, and ro me, an unex pected ckcxxs. This I now reiterate, rfvr a careful review of ull that has been written; and am ready to prove it. at all times auJ on all proper occasions When this controversy first began, there was a per tentous fluttering about the Departments, lest the So crctaiy of the Treasury had admitted too much in his official report on the state of the finances; and sundry movements took place, first in one House of Congress and then in the other, to enable the Secretary to take hack Ins estimate for the 4th quarter of the year. He has accordingly managed to make the required cor rection through the Committee on lleucnchmcnt, though uncalled fur by the House of Representatives; aod I shall now in what I have to say. discard his/Srsf Teport for the 4th quarter and rely solely on the amen ded one. 1 have only to request, after I shall show, by this second and amended statement of the Titian ces, from the Honorable Secretary, that 1029 is still ahead of 1828 in expense, that he will not take this back also, to make further amendments before we got through. But I am blamed for hitherto relying on the 4th quarter’s estimate of the first official; and Mr Wick liffe is very learned and technical about, the terms “estimate” and "expenditure.” I knew well enough that tho estimate would not always square exactly with the expenditure, but I could not permit mysoll to doubt but that it was near enough to the truth, lbr substantial accuracy, and for fair calculation. It was sent to Congress as the basis of its legislation, nnd surely, tf fit for Congress to act upon, itT was not to be discarded by me, when it was the only official information submitted. But now it turns out, that the Department is willing to swallow the blunder, ij it was one, of more than a million tf dollars, if they can help the cause of nty antagonists, and put me down. The Secretary estimated, as he says, for that quar ter, the expenses at $7,245,481 05, whereas they turn out after all, to be only $6,23G,9I4 43. Differ ence, or as I call it, official blundering, $1,006,556 62. If Mr. Rush had made such a mistake as this, I hard ly tliink my colleague would have intruded hitnsell between me and my constituents, to defend him, as he has dune on this occasion. But I am reminded that Mr Rush, in 1G23, estima ted his 4th quarter at $7,392,603 72. lie did so. 3ut was there any Buch difference of u million in that quar ter as I am now considering? No! The expense? of that quarter were $7,214,571, as near as could he expected to the estimate. Do not then quote Mr Rush as a precedent for this system of blundering by millions. But let this official slip go for what it is worth. I come at once to the actual expenditures of the two years, as now admitted by the Secretary him self, and endorsed by the Chaiiman of the Retrench ing Committee. Here they arc: Total expenditures for 1G28, $25,459,179 52 Deduct public debt, $12,163,438 07 > , Treaty of Ghent 7S0.O69 40 $ 1~|9;*>.50/ -a. Nett expenses of 1828, $12,595,972 05 Total expenses for 1C29, $25,071,017 59 Deduct debt, §12,333,000 77 Ghent treaty, C,2G0 22 $ 1 ->U-J Nett expenses of 1C2D, $12,678,930 go Making an excess of the year 1829, over the expen ditures of the year 1828, of $171,964*45, and this too without taking into consideration the fact that the year 1828 is charged with six months legislation, and the year 1829 with but three. To make the compar ison perfectly fair, three months legislation should be deducted from 1828, so as to make it allow but three months session to each—Now the pay of both houses of Congress for 90 days, without considering the prin ting & other contingencies, would amount to 190,080, Which if taken out, will leatfe the real excess of 1829 over 1828, 362-044 dollars. Such is the result of a comparison between the first year of the present, and the last of the late adminis tration But let us go back to the Ju'sl year of Air. Adams, as perhaps still more fair. Thai is let us compare the first with the first of both administrations; each of course having the benefit of a short session, and see how we shall come out in such a contrast. In 1C25, the first year of Mr. Adams, the whole expenses Were $-23,585,804 72 Deduct public debt, 12,095,344 78 Nett expenses of 1825, 11,490,459 94 It ha* been already shewn, that in 1829, according U> Mr. Wickliffe’s own admissions, and ihe latest re” port from the Department of the Treasury, that the expenditures were $12,G76,93G 60; making an ex cess in the first year of the present Administration of $1,186,476 66, over the first year of the last. I will also state, that in the ’.otter year, thesnrn of two hun dred thousand dollars paid to General Lafayette is charged, &. pat down as expended in 1825. Should that be reckoned as not standing on the footing of ordina ry expenditures, and no one will pretend that it does, t,he difference in the two years will lie one million three hundred and eighty six thousand four hundred and seventy six dollars anti sixty six cents. It is use less to struggle against these figures. Voit cannot Bhike them off Mr. WicklifFc has said much about abuses and pec ulations; but this docs not help the difficulty. Why spend more money now, than the last administration did, with all the abuses which have been attributed to them? It matters nothing to the American people, whether they are plundered with or without the forms of law- If the present Administration is as econom- ; ical, and the last was as wasteful as Mr. Wickbfib asserts, then wo are brought to this strange result— that wasteful sonants spend less money than the clonomical! ! ! If there were abuses under the last administration, it is neither my business nor my incli nation to defend them; nor shall 1 be so carried away •with names, as not to condemn in others, what I did condemn in them.—My complaint is against the man-! ner of administering the Government, and that men ' have failed to fulfil the promises which they fttade livery administration has boen taken in by dejuul tera and peculators, and no reasonable man can ex- j poet this administration to escape. There were con-! spicuoua instances, even under the administration of Mr. Jefferson, who, I believe, administered this gov ernment on the purest principles, and \vith a stricter eye to real economy than nny other rnan since the! days of Washington. And if Mr. Wickhffe has now \ a list of defaulters in his pocket, and will keep it for tfttee years to come, I venture to predict, te will bo j abJb to add rnnch to the length of-it at the end of. f§<*| t*fhs. 0erbkpa tfc* of who supped liie list iu lus hands may assist to swell it. He should remember, that we often see a great dust raised about one sinner, which is used to cover the new crimes of a dozen worse ones, who mix iu the tliraug. And even at the execution of a convic ted felon, many a man has had his pocket picked by Fnme eolemn-laccd bye-stundcr, wim, at the same time, expatiated feelingly on the enormous oflbnco of the dying man I will now noticc'an artful but ingenious contri vance which has been, ns I perceive, gotten up by some of the subalterns of the departments, and which ; I should think nothing but desperation could have dri ■ veil them to, in the hope of obscuring the facts which | are in dispute between Mr. Wickliflb ami myself. ■ Finding that upon any fair statement of the accounts ‘ for the financial year, (that is, reckoning, ns the dc | partinent always do, from the 1st of Jan. to tko 1st of ! Jan.) the balance is largely against 1829. A paper I is put forth; purporting to give two years expenses, from March to March in each year. By this arrangc inen', the twelve months ending the 1st of March last, | which are culled Gen Jackson’s twelve montlis, ap : parcntly made a great saving over the twelve prcce d ng months, which are called Mr. Adams’s. A ta ble thus made, tvs I presume by the Cabinet journey ’ men, is adopted by Mr. VVickMle, as he says “to 1 make the comparison a fair and just one.” Yes, a : ‘-fair and just one.” Mark these words.—What I •; have first to say of these ‘"fair and just” comparisons, is, that (he sum of $790,000, paid by the British for deported slaves under the Treaty of Ghent, is again put in to swell the twelve months charged to Mr. Adams; and to make it still “fair and just,” six' mouths legislation, as I hare before stated, is heaped upon the top of that, while but three months go to the term of Gcu. Jackson. These “fair and jest” inequalities, however, are trifles lighter than air. Compared to the real of the artifice, which I will now unveil. What are called the expenditures for the twelve months ending 1st ol March, 1830, in truth, contain but a “fair and just” statement, for any correct contrast of button months: because the bulk of expenses which would have been paid during the months of Jauuary and Fcbru ary, 1830, if the departments had been in funds, were postponed until after the 1st of March. The principal ironied operations of the departments, f,Jr expenses accraing in these months, were necessarily postponed. Is this the sort of retrenchment we have been contending for? As Mr. Wicklifib appears to have convenient access to the departments, lie can toll if any warrants were issued during that period which were temporarily taken up by the U. States Bank, and which the Bank did not present to the Treasury for payment till alter the months of January and February, the two last of the twelve culled G^u Jackson’s had expired. The suspending operation is now t urned to grand account: no sooner is it finish ed than out comes a certificate from a Treasury olfi ccr, to show how little appears by the books \o have been paid in the twelve months ending the 1st ol March, 1839. Reader, man* thi^! Tho ccuct making apprupri aiions for the support of Government for the year 1830,” was not in existence in January and February. It did not become a lav/ till the 18th dav of March! And the acts “making appropriations for'the military service of too year IObO, uud “making appropria tiona for the Ncval service for the vear 1830,' were neither of them npproved till the llth day of March. Mr Wicklifle may well select these two months ns best calculated to answer the purposes lie had in view; for nothing was or coulu bo ■ drawn from the Treasury under these acts in Janu ary and February, before their passage, to pay the monthly accruing expenses. Of this l do not com plain. Hut I do complain, that, when this suspend ing operation was well known to the Treasury offi cers, any of them should so have arranged a state ment lo be used as a ‘ fair and just” comparison with j a >’car in which a partial appropriation was made for • tiiese months- I will do M r. Wicklifle the juslice U I say, that I do not think lie was accessary to this tie j vice. I believe he himself has been led into error; tor the official print in this citv, seme time before Mr \V. made his flourish, threw out a paragraph on this subject by way of a feeler, and, as it wus not answer ed, it was supposed the trick would take. But he ought to have looked into it deeper, before ho lent to it the sanction of his re?pectable name. Now, just the reverse of what I have alluded tan* taking place in the twelve months called Gen. Jack son’s, was tho fact in the twelve months under ATr Adams, with which they have been compared bv Air. Wick Idle. The appropriations for January and Fe j brunry, 1829, were not delayed till March, as in lf;i0 but were made before the year commenced, one quarter having been appropriated in advance. The “fair and just” comparison, therefore, by which near ly two millions of dollars appear on paper, to have been saved, is u comparison of a scries of months, in which payments were made for expenses incurred as they went along, with another series, during a part of which (one sixth of the time,) large payments were suspended, or not made at all. * 3 j I will next examine the Naval expenditures, as tri j ven in the “fair and just.” They are represented^ j Gren. Jackson’s year to have been but £3,076,32.*;; j and henco is a saving claimed of a million of dollars. This fallacy will appear in several ways. If the Navy cost one million less lost year than the year be fore. then tho Secretary ought now to have an unex j pended million on hand. Hut, if he hadihaton hand, whqr did lie apply to Congress early in this session, to furnish a new supply from the Treasury, to enable j him to fit out the frigate Hrandj’winci’ A fain, if he carried the service through his first year,‘Yqr’about j three millions of dollars, be would require no more than that for his second year; especially with n mil lion of savings to begin uith. Hut let us hoar him speak lor iiimscli; for it is probable he knows 60ine , thing more about it than Mr. Wicklifle. I have bc ! fore me his estimate, at page “75 of the documents ! accompanying his report to Congress, in which ho says, explicitly—that there will he required for the | support of the navy, during tho year 1830, three j million, five hundred nnd filly-six thousand, five bun I dred and forty seven dollars, and thirty-four cents, in addition to the unexpended balances that way remain on hand on the Id January, 1830.” How strange, then, that Mr. \V. should talk of the Navy costing but $3,016,328 a year undor tho present Ad ministration when the Secretary himself tells us that it requires to support the Navy'^3,550.547 81, in ad i dilion to what lie has on hand! i will ncrc observe, that the naval service aim lit to :f;ost n great deni less now, than in 1023, because in that j'ear there was expended $201,307 70 for com p’cjing the ten sloops of war that had been authorised under Mr. Monroe's administration, and ulso, >ii9, 592 97 for the suppression of the slave tradeffor which $30,000 was appropriated in May, 1020 I might take up the other items of tho “fair and just” comparison, so called, but these that J have noticed will serve as satnpics of the rest; end I have, 1 trust, hiiewn enough to sntisfy anyone, that no rciianco con be placed upon it. it is artificial and delusive through out, and not entirely creditable to those who «ot it up. According to this principle of saving, a man who spends two thousand dollars a year, and pays as he goes, is extravagant, compared to one who pays one thousand, and runs in debt, or postpones his credit ors for two thousand more; inasmach as the payments of the former appear on his books’to have exceeded the payments of the latter. But the ease wo arc now considering is unequal nml unjust in another way; for when we go back to the 1st of March, 1020, the starting point of the tnblc ndnptcd by Mr Wick lido, we find the appropriations for the first quarter of that year had not passed, and did not till some lime after. Of course, large sums which accrued in January and February, 1823, were naturally thrown upon tho series of months selected in the “fair and just" comparison as Mr. Adams’s. The dchnrion works at. both ends. First, by crowding in upon M r. Adarns’sexpenses what belonged to the prece ding months, and which were waiting for the npi.ro pfufiori *o pars- trcnt.rj. hy rr,T:.c?'r?" tt'* ef'1 the t vvoivc called Lien. Jac kson £ uioutiif, by tbo fus-' pending process to which I have before alluded. The fallacy of such a mode of calculation will appear, fui thcr, by examining a few of it• items; for instance, ! the ‘fuir aiul just’ gives the expenses of the Militury 1 ! establishment during Mr. Adams’ hist twelve months,! | at 6,414,1 OG 66. Jlut I huve tn-dny hand a state-* : meut, prepured by Mr Ingliam, and reported by the I I Cha*rtnanof the retrenchment committed, giving all j ! the expenditures from 1739 to December 31. 1329; j I and thore is not a year'cluring the whole «f the last i ! Administration, in which these expenses, including i j pensions, Indians, improvements. *S c. eame up to * I that amount. They are in that document stated to i j be for Mr. Adams* lour rears 193-5 <£3,G92.3G0 f 13-26 G,2 10,231 1327 5.675,739 1723 5,720,200 ficn. Jackson’s year 1329. $6,272,600. Mr. VVicklifle toys, truly, ‘-It is wlten tlie Executive surpass es tlie limits of its powers, and usurps the authority of the ap propriating power of the government, that \vc may look far ; “abuses, and expect extravagance Irt an administration.” 1 1 I wish-he would tell me by what authoritv fmtv thousand dollars ! j were taken from the Treasury m the last year to pay for Minis- ! ler»’ outfits, which the appropriating department had only not abthorized, hut refused ro authorize, j I stated in a former communication, that the present execu j tive had appropriated (at the request of this administration) ! $134,000 for foreign missions; that is, for the pay anil outfits of i Ministers, Charges, and Secrcianes, and for contingent expen ses of tlie missions $80,0,10 more, making in the whole .$214,000 far these purposes, being $65,000 more than was appropriated tor the same objects in 1828. Here Mr. Wicklifle meets me by saying that in 1322 there was expended for‘Intercourse with foreign nations’ in that year tire sum of $211,121 26- The reader would lie apt to suppose by ‘intercourse with foreign na tions’ lie meant the pay and outfits of the diplomatic corps — i Rut this $211,124 2G is made up of a variety of didcreul arti- j rles, of which here is die fist. Diplomatic department, $117,684 71 Expenses of missions to Coogrcss of Panama, 1,930 50 • Contingent expenses of foreign Intercourse, ’ 18,791 07 1 • Relief and protection of American seamen, 14,685 GO Treaties with Mediterranean powers, 34.730 00 Treaty of Ghent, sixth and seventh articles, 2,70!) 34 Do. do. first article, U.G91 02 Prize causes, 8,000 00 j Payment of claims uudcrnintlr article of tlie treaty «f Spain, SCO 06 ; . . . $211,121 2Gi Is tins a fair wav ol meeting any- chargee Reckoning in th.it ! : manner, there has been appropriated fur the ‘foreign Inter-i ; course,’ this year, $268,000, instead of $31 1,000, viz: l For salaries and outfits of Ministers, Charges, t-ecre ! taries, ns before observed, $184,000 1 ! Contingent expenses Inr same, ' 30^000 j Salaries of Agents for Claims at London and Paris, 4*090 | Intercourse with Karliary Powers, So|o00 1 j Relief and protection of seamen it) foreign countries, lo[000 .*2C3,ooe j tie algo say;, an “ xtiuiiuiiiration is responsible, and might be made so for ilia measure* they recommend and the policy i they adopt.” 1 *av the same. Anri what has been rccom- I mended? 1st. A new Executive Department; 2d- f:'ving more pay to the Attorney General, for which a “ill has been introduced, besides givmg’liiin more clerks, and a paper carrier (messenger); 3d. Increasing the pay of some of the foreign Ministers, who now get 25 dollars per day for their services; ° ‘Ith. Rear Admirals and Vice Admirals for the Navy, with large salaries; ami gentlemen, if we go on this way, we shall next want Field Marshals for the Army. 1 am opposed to all this foreign style, and all this splendour. I would i at her have I nrte lough fighting Commodore than a dozen of your Admirals i of rdihons and strings. ! 5th. Ten mere Clerks, and an additional Assistant Rostmas I ter General, for the Rost office Department, for which a bill is before Congress; 6th. Additional Clerks in tiie other Departments. It such is the retiapchme*i that others have contended for, I hayo only to say, that is not what I expected. So far as relates to the antKdrsfiip of my publications, I have only to say, that its denial is perfectly characteristic of those who have sought to mislead the people on other subjects: and now wish to “retrench” the humble credit which 1 might "uin by my pen ° The charge, that my change of opinion has resulted from “disappointed ambition,” is entirely gratuitous. I never, di rect/y or indirectly, asked an appointment from any oue of the '*1 owers that be,” either for •<> y*c[f ora relative. Sure I am, j r never shall. They are welcome to all the honors of their sta j I*11* * a-*> no longer yo be considered, even in part, respon l s,blc for their error?. No man in America, with so humble an estate, has suffered for 'hem more; nor has any one, in many j instances, been mare unkindly requited I I now wash my hands of the subject, and 1 hope, finally, as I have i.r.„ r„n.l of controversy I have seen a nopula non of twelve miu ion, or more, thrown into confusion, for no | other pnrpose-than to advance U.e views and wishes of a few 1 individuals. I was one who aided in kindling the llanie. Can ] it bethought strange, then, that I should feel some mortification at seeing every just expectation end in disappointment, and every effort in abortion/ I dismiss Mr. V. icxtirn., as Ac and / must stand or fall be fore “our own masters.” Respect folly yourV, TIIO CHILTON. April 21, 1330 f>; S-—I request those editors who have published Mr. Wkk i.s.! ~ s communication, to be “fair and just” enough to give the foregoing an insertion. ' (j_ To the Editors ok tiie Whig. POWERS OF TOBACCO. Gentlemen:—Asa highly erroneous notion nrcvails with many moralists that tobacco used in the forms of chewing, snuffing r»r.d smoking, tends to invite or increase a propensity to drinking alchoholic liquors, I cannot resist the inclination I fee], to remove such an impression, or to deny the justice cf the conclusion. • So far from tobacco producing a tendency cf that j sort, I am satisfied it often acts as a comparatively ; innocent substitute for intoxicating drinks, and not un [ frequently ip tlie means of rendering the abstinence of the inebriate, not only more supportable in the first instance, but ultimately tends to wean him entirely ifotn t hat ot ci w he 1 in ing and infuriating habit by exer ting a mild stimulating and trnnquilizing influence up on Jus feelings—Thai Tobacco acts as a fine mental stiinulous or. many persons, is notorious and self-evi dent—hence it is, that studious or.d literary men frequently resort to it, and use it sometimes profuse ly, when they want to stimulate their intellectual fa cullies to more powerful and brilliant exertions. It was the mental stimulus of flic great infidel British writer Ilobbes, who wrote in u cloud of tobacco smoke, and in a style altogether nervous, brilliant and j classical. Much lias been written against the use of' | this most fascinating and highly active weed, blit it ! ; never can dimmish the power of its charms and in- j | fiuenco over society, whether polished or rude. Hud I i all that has been written against it been confined to i 'V uuus>'* u woutu nave ucsorved general commcnda ; Don. Our greatest blessings in the form of luxuries ! might be converted into curses. Therefore I contend, that it is only im excessive use of tobacco, 1 hat con stitutes it nn instrument of mischief. or a source of permanent evil.—I am now in a hurry, nnd ns I in lend to send yon two or three communications or c=» pays on this subject. I will close by transcribing a I lew remarks on the virtues oftobacco. from a northern ! paper, which 1 think very appropriate, and which 1 I much admire—“Tobacco is constituted nnd compo- j ped of the richest, strongest, and most delicious, and I ; also the most delightful ingredients. The nlcbohol j ! or pph'i\ the oil and opium, the sugar of saccharine ■ water, the n.uciiaginons wax nnd gums, the acids nuti t nitre, with several others of the other volatile salts,'! we. nil so harm onion -ly combined, constitute this the I richest nnd most delicious compound ever engendered j : and generated in any plant.”—No wonder tficn that! j all classes of every country nnd clime, from the rnv- i , age to Urn civilized park of mankind, should take de- ! ! !n *,s usc< I* forms the traveller’s companion ; and the philosopher’s aid. It is the old bachelor’s' j anfidolc, tae epicure’s Inst resort, nnd sailor's and I I H0*d|Cr 8 third daily ration. It keeps open the conti | n£* 8 e.Vf;9-'iuid besides medical and many other good I ettects, it cheers the watchman in the silence of the ! jr.ignt. \\ onrlcrfnl weed of American origin ! ! ! I am, with great respect, Your obedient servant. Jr, . , rr T. P HEREFORD. IJaynunlet T irginia, April 22d, 1330, Phe wits nt \v ashington arc making themselves i TV^rj'r ni * 40 ??Pe[,8e °f o«r particular friends, hauc | liil vy Arnos Ivendnll. A Caricature is afloat there, re presenting Isaac ns just commencing his tramp, with tus bundle on his back; and Amos, collect*'* his duds, exciairn*. “frton a moment and I’ll go With you.” j A*r., r^' ir ,L.' The correspondent of the Alexandria Ga zette, explains the delay in the Senate, in acting on Kendall’s and other nominations. We know not how tlse Senate can bo jogged, unless Lieut. Webb will again take them in hand. Ills “exposures’’ may answer. From Uie Alexandria Phenix. EDITOR'S CORRESPONDENCE. Washington, April 23, IC30. Sir:—The attention of your readers has been di rected, no doubt, tor some time past, to the progress af chairs in this quarter. The political hori/.ou%t ill continues in the same uncertain state- The Scuntc linve suspended lire consideration of Kendall's nom ination, on account of the absence of Mr. Livingston, and the indisposition of one of the Maryland Sena tors. There is said to he a majority of live votes irgainst ratifying. The character of this man is more obnoxious tliau that of any other officer in the service of the Government. The miserable effort to iinpli cate Randolph in the frauds which aro reported to have been committed on the Treasury by the learned Secretary at JPur, has consigned him to universal contempt. But this transaction, however nefarious, could not have found him a lower rank than had al ready been merited by ins conduct elsewhere. A re port has been in circulation that the President had de termined to re nominate Hill to the Senate. The ground of this determination of the “greatest and best,” is alleged to be the declaration of Hill, that he made no endeavour to remove the obstacles in the way of Ins nomination, and that lie can put the Sen ate in possession of papers which will obviate all the grounds of complaint on which they acied. it was thought that the infamy with which he has been bran ded, by the vote of the Senate, would have satisfied him; but what lolly is it to look Ibr modesty in the ranks of the present dynasty! They acknowledge no restraint, and appear to be destitute of the small est particle ofsensibility. The indignation and frowns of high minded honorable men, are viewed without any other feeling than that of the most reckless in difference. It was hoped, rather than expected, that the President of the United Slates would not Iwve suffered himself to be provoked into this excess of passion; and we hope still that this report is without foundation. The Senate acted with dclibcialion. Mr. Hill was apprised of the ground on which he stood. lie exerted himself to the very extent of his power to avert the calamity, which, however he may declare to the contrary, he knew to be inevitable. If he had the means of saving Ins reputation, they were in requisition. Why did he not use them? The Sen ate was ready to receive any explanation in extenu ation of the charges—nay, anxious—-on account of the effect which their refusal to ratify would be cal culated to produce upon the mind of General Jack son. If this report he true, the Senate will doubt less stand firm. It is impossible that they can con scientiously undo what they have enacted; and the re turn of the nomination, considered as it must and will bo, a direct censure upon their vote, will only tend to strengthen them in their former determina tion. ITow humiliaiing must it not be to the Presi dent, to he thus controlled, in these minor acts of Ex ecutive power, to which no one would have doubted but that his own prudence and judgment were ade quate. But it is through this exercise of authority, that we frequently discover the character of individ uals. A great mind would soar above the considera tion of personal services, in regulating the concerns of Government. What assistance might have come from this quarter or that, would not weigh a single grain in the impartial scale of merit and competency. The President of the United States is not called to the Executive Chair to distribute “rewards and pun ishments;” lie is not sent there as the instrument of private aggrandizement, at the expense of public utility; he is the great agent of tho people, entrusted with powers to be exercised in their behalf and ap « Sited to their wants. Gen. Jackson is now checked y the disapprobation in which his conduct is held, by those who act for the honor, respectability, and welfare of their country. May it prove a useful les son in future! Thus distinguished, Ilill and Kendall, who have ariscu to the stations which they now hold by the most unblushing impudence, must go out as drones upon society. With the unfortunate there are few who do not sympathise—but for them there is no sympathy. Conscience, with her whip of scorpions, nilist lash them for their transgressions.—Into her hands we consign them. Respectfully, «5cc. VIRGINIA ELECTIONS. Lancaster.—For Delegates, W. II. Dandridgc 107, J. A. Carter* "3, Morris Emanuel 55. For the Con stitution 63, against it 70. Norfolk Borough.—Miles King, the dismissed Navy Agent, elected by 133 votes, against JI. B. Grigsby, the late Delegate, who received 56 votes. For the Constitution 175, against it 33. Amelia.—For Delegates, Richard Booker ISO, W. B. Giles* 182. For Sena'e, Wm. Old 144, David Branch 77. "Wo believe that Mr. Old’s present ma jority is about 1GG. Cumberland county only to be heard from. For the Constitution 201, against it 3. Williamsburg.—For Delegate, Wm. M. Moody 32. no opposition. For Senate, B. B. Brown 20. J. B Harvic 7. For the Constitution 25, against it 14. Patrick.—Majority against it 5. Shenandoah, [corrected.] — For the Constitution 095, against it 64 Alleghany—For Delegates, Win. II. Terrell 00, 11. P- Taylor* 72—Allen Persinger 63, Moses II. Mann 35. [Messrs. Terrill and Taylor fur the Con stitution—Messrs. Persinger and Monti against it.] For the Constitution 73; against it 67. Henry.—For Delegates, Jabez Gravely, Wm. Dy er. Majority for the amended constitution, though we have not received a statement of the polls. Culpeper,[corrected.]—For Delegates, J. S. Ilans borough 470, Edmund Broaddus* 446—George Fick lin 331. For the Constitution 911, against it 27. Mr. Polk of North Carolina, has b£cn unanimously appointed by t lie Vestry of the Monumental Church, an Assistant Minister to the Right Rev. Richard C. Moore. CGMMl'MCATCT). At lid!iron, Culpeper county,4 V’a , Mrs. Sar.vii i»ow>N, consort of I>r. F. l>. Ifou rn, of pulmonary C"nsin»j> t:on, in tlir :12d year of her age. She bore her long and painful illness without a murmur ami almost without a groan. Never did woman siiew more Christian fortitude and resigna •ion. Her fortitude and resignation in her affliction, were only equalled by that universal benevolence which actuated through out a most interesting and exemplary life. If ever there was one. who possessed pure and disinterested benevolence, pure as the absence of self could make it, Mrs. Itoweu surely did. As a wife, the was kind, and affectionate almost to a fault, c.ver aiding her husband in all hi* exertions directed to hi* temporal welfare, nnd concerning the “life which is to cotnc,” giving him monitory lessons in mild suasivc and affectionate language.— Haul, heart-rending to him tire loss of such a wife. Truly may be s«v, “I shall never look upon her like a^ain.” Bui he ‘sorrowed! not as one who hath no hope.” “Met restless spirit’s gone , lleyond this scene of care; Mid’ worlds of ether pure it flic*, And breathes its influence there.” A® n parent, she was tender and instructive, teaching her children their various duties, and endeavouring to bring them up “in the nurture and admonition of lire. Lord.” Jly the cliil dren of a mother possessing such nmiableness of disposition, such elevated sentiments of benevolence, of love t» (Sod and love (o man, and endowed with a mind so well calculated to instill them in her dear little offspring, the loss will be felt to their latest breath, perhaps in eternity. In the range of the writer’s female acquaintance, Iso can honesdy say, that in all the relations wnich she bore to others in this life, and as a w atm devout ( hristain, lie has never seen her parallel. A more affectionate wife, a more tender and intructivc mother, a more dutiful child, a more sincere friend, a kinder or more charitable neighbor, or more feeling mistress never “brealhed the breath of life ’ Kndowed with exiraordmaiy vigour of intellect, with unbounded benevolence, with fortitude astonish trig, and possessing all the fervour and zeal which distinguished primitive Christians; bar! she been placed in a proper sphere she would have shown with a brightness ttndarkened by the splendour of no female that ever adorned the earth, or now “adores and burns” before the throne of Cod. * !Ia"' p’e*»5u» e- 1 ■■''•d 'n- w*»r- '1**“' of thi3 lanterned womans hie. When approaclwug the gloomy valley and shadow of death her willing soul “feated no evil”_Christ was the rock on which she had built her trust, and she desired “to depatt and lie with him.” Death was to' her the ».ih of Heaven. A short time before her death she most feelingly exhorted her husband not to cease in his efforts to bring uj» their littln children ami their servants in the fear of the Lord. ln a few hours she was to be in Paradise. Death had conte. Undainnrd bv doubt, nndaraCned by despair, nt that black hour whirl, sheds general horror, and when “conscience echoes her cter nal peal.” , vicr “Jmvcci peace and heavenly hope and bumble joy Divinely beamed on herexalteii soul.” And calling upon the name of her Saviour, in a tono and language never to be forgotten, her spirit took i‘s flight “to tlm bosom of her I- ather and her God ” 0 " She left a wretched husband and six small children to feel this keen dispensation of nn all-wise Providence. From the K. Y. Journal of Commerce, April "3 Fifty shares of the U- S. Bank Stock were sold yesterday at §127 50 cents per share. The flue tuations in this stook within the last four and a half months have been very remarkable_Ou the 8th and 9ih December, the days next precedin'* the rccoint of lh«; President's Message, the price ranged from $125 50 cents to §120 50cents. On lltir, the day after the Message was received, the sales were at § 12© and the price afterwards descended, with various fluctuations, to §116, nt which rate several Bales were made about the middle of February. From that time to the present tko stock has been gradually improving, in proportion ns the prospect of Congress’ refusing t<> renew the charter has diminished. The report of Mr. MoDuffie, from the committee on Ways and Moans in the House, has finally restored it to the full value which it held before the Mes sage of the President was issued. It would seem from the sales reported to-day that the money-dea lers, who are usually very good judges in such matters, consider the permanence of tlm Bank as rather more secure than before the discussion commenced. If we take the price of stock before the Mes sage was issued at $126, and the lowest subsequent depression at $UO; it follows that the difference in value on the iVhole 350,000 shares, was «3,500,000. Such appeared, at the time, to have been the actual loss. But as the matter has turned, the only effect lies been, to take certain sums from A, B &, C and give them to D, E and F—Fluctuations invol ving so large an amount of property, and to such an extent, from artificial causes merely, are always to be regretted; and though we do not doubt the honest intentions of the President, wo think, and we guess he thinks, he liad better have let tills subject alone. LATEST FROM RIO JANIERO. The Schr. Virginia, Capt. Uugg,arrived at Bal timore on Saturday, having left Rio on the 9th March. Mr. Tudor, our Charge-de-affairs at the Court of Brazil, had been ill for a considerable thne, and on the 9th his wife was despaired of. Mr. T. was highly esteemed, and considered one of our most useful public agents abroad. 1 lie first of the bonds for American prize cases had been paid, but those give to French claimants were under dishonor. FROM COLOMBIA—By the schr. Emelinc, at Savannah, Bogota papers to the 1st March, have i bccn received. They give further accounts of the gen erally unsettled state of the country, without mach | intelligence of a positive interest The address of I Borrero, the President of the Congress at Bogota, to the Colombians, abounds with promises and plaudits, and confirms the statement given a short time 6ince’ in this Gazette, which includes among the national laws, the toleration of the Roman Catholic, a* the only Religion of the Government. The address is so much like the drum-beating things of the kind, com ! monly made use of, and so little interest attaches a mong us to the proceedings of this weathercock peo ple, that we shall not trouble our readers with its pe rusal. We make a few extracts from the items giv en in the Georgian. “Chili is in a state of complete revolution, and the i party most authoritative, is now that of Gen. O’Hig- ' gins. “Buenos Ayres, becomes every day worse. Sintto | the death of Dorrego, most horrible massacres con | tinually occur A most unprincipled man has joined himself with the Barbarians of the Pampas, and spreads desolation around him. Ho entered Mendo sa, and slaughtered as many as 6,000 men. Others | are stationed at Buenos Ayres. All communication by land with Bolivia and Chili, is obstructed, in con 1 sequence of these factions.” Santiago, Dec. 2.—Gen. Prieto, is in Rancahua, with a battalion of 300 men, without other fofee to assist him. Gandarillas has arrived at Santiago, <&-. it is teported he has joined with Bulnes. In Santiago, a company of cavalry has been uni | formed, who evince mucli enthusiasm They have entrenched at the entrance of the place. The pre ! serving army i^wn the plain at the gates. V. J). Servando Jordan, arrived the day before yes terday, ut Casablanca, with a party of militia from Melipilla. lie yesterday, pillaged the post office, and examined the correspondence with the government. Letters that did not refer to the object of his search, were detained all day in the office. CLARK’S SPRING. THE public arc respectfully informed that the Spring is now open for the reception of visit ors, and the Baths will be in readiness on Sunday the 25th inst. The Proprietors solicit a continuance of the patronage that has been so liberally bestowed since their commencement. The Bar will always be furnished with the best of Liquors, Snacks, &c.— Barbacucs and Companies furnished at low rotes, and in the best manner, a» short notice. They have thought proper to reduce «/ie price of Bathing, as follows:—Single Bath, vvartn or cold, 25 cents. Persons paying five dollars in advance, will receive twenty-five tickets, np 27—3t tft TOBACCO. r ~ PLANTERS are respectfully informed, that all Tobacco consigned to us for the future, shall be received into the Ware House free of drnvngc from the Basin or tiic Dock. Freight, &.c. paid when re quested, bv W. Sf T. BURTON, nj>r 10-2aw 1 GtC Inspectors Scabrook?. LAND FOR SALE. PURSUANT to a Decree of the County Court of Henrico, made on tho 1 Ith day of March. 1830, in a suit between Rebecca Pearce and Sam’l Hobson, plaintiffs, and Bernard Bedford and others, defts., we the commissioners appointed for that pur pose, shall proceed, on Saturday fhc 17th day of the present, month, April, to make sale of the Tracts of Land which, by the said decree, ore directed to ho sold; llic same bcir.g r-ituatc in Henrico county, and bemg lands of which Francis Pearce died possessed. One of the said tracts of land contains two hundred and Iff.1, acres, or thereabout?, nmf is bounded by tho land of Thomas C. Koosec, Clinrle? Cbildrey and others, about nine milc3 below the city of Rich mond. Another of the said tracts contains about thirty acres of land, and lie? on the road leading from Richmond to Charles City Court-house, and is about eight miles from tho former piace. The other tract contains about twelve acres, nnd is adjoining tho largest and fir$t. mentioned tract.—Tho sale will lie made upon a credit of nine months, the purchaser? giving bond with sufficient security for the payment of the purchase money, nml the commissioners re taining the title to the land? until the same shall ho directed to be conveyed.—The sole <• the whole lands will be made on the largest tract above mcn tiotiod, and will take place between the hours of It, A. M., and 2 P. M., of the day above mentioned, by GEORGE KEESEF/, 1 JOSEPH BAILEY. > Commissioners. JESSE P, KEESEE, S IT The above rale is postponed, until Saturday, the 1st day of May next, on wnicb day it wi’l rkf* place at the place advertised, and between »? rani j