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DEMOCRACY—THE COiVSTITUTION-STATE RIGHTS.
- - ----- ____ - - - Br PLEASANTS &, ABBOTT._ RICHMOND, VIRGINIA,, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 2, 1330. —. Vol. Vli —No. 46. I Llgt)t igongttlutlonal WEDNESDAY MUKN1NG, 1UNE 3», >«30. THK 1NTKIGCKR. “I have known (says Burk) mcrclianiG with the sen timents and abilities of Statesmen; and 1 have seen persons in the rank of Statesmen, with the, concep tions and characters of pedlers. Indeed my obser vation has furnished me with nothing that is to be foundin any habits of life or education, which tends wholly to disqualify men for the functions of Gov ernment, but that by which the power of exercising "those functions is very Ircquently obtained—I mean a spirit and habit of low cabal and intrigue; which I have never in one instance seen united with a capacity for sound and manly policy." Every age and country have furnished tho originals of the great Philosopher's delineation; our own time presents the example of one who might have sat for the picture. In 1814, the present Secretary of State was an obscure village lawyer in the Slate of New 'York; in an incredibly short space of time, he has contrived to advance himself to the second, and now boldly reaches out his arm to grasp the first honour within the gift, and the supreme rule over twelve millions of people. In tracing his ri c, the enquirer can discover no eminent services reddered the Repub lic, no boneficont policy of which he was the author, - on evidence of remarkable abilities, which many oth vers have not as clearly exhibited—to account lor his sadden and soaring elevation. As a lawyer, his rep utation never rose to the height ol many cotempora ■ ‘ foes of his native State; as an influential politician in W the Legislature of New York, his efforts were prin cipally directed to humble the ascendency of De Witt Clinton, and organize for party triumphs, the mime rous factions which have always agitated that great Commonwealth: we pretend lo no minute acquantance with his, or the history of the legislation and internal ' afikirs pf that State, during tlio period of his parly ascendency, but if he proposed of atcbievcd aught for the common good, that argues extraordinary sagacity, expansion, or benevolence, the lame of it has never reached our cars; as a Governor a single common place and electioneering message, is the only monument of bis service. His career in the Senate of the Lnitcd States, is more generally known. In that eminent body he <vas tor many years. Chairman ol the Judicia ry Committee, ono ot the least importance In that capacity, wo are ignorant of any thing that proceeded from his pen, of a general nature, calculated either to enhance Ins reputation, or to advance the jurispru dence of the country As a Senator, a single speech on the Panama Mission, neither the ablest nor the most admired, is the principal basis of bis fame as a Statesman. What he has done as Secretary of State, in the shape of instructions to those to whom is dele gated the duty of managing our foreign relations, is not yet developed, either by results, or the publication of the instructions themselves. ‘“In the name of all the Gods at once, upon what meat has this our Ca> sar fed, that be bath grown so great?” In his works, we can nna no sumcium. i-Ajimmmuii of this man’s unpreeedontpdly rapid rise Intrinsi cally, his sentiments are tame and common place • Jinpared with tho abilities displayed by others, their conceptions of policy, and power of advocacy, his may witbou' the snspicion of prejudice, be deemed mean &. altogether inferior. Thin comparative and intrinsic in feriority, would be more than balanced by the discovery of bis recognition of. and inflexible adherence to right principles. On the contrary, his life hue been a suc cession of Bummcrsctt8. A Federalist, a Clintonian, a Buck tail, a lalitudinarian, a l'unitarinn; lie has tried them all, and held fast just so long and no longer, as it was personally convenient The prospect of one day reaching the Presidency, opened upon him fbr the first time, when by aiding Mr. Crawford in N York, he cither presumed or was told, that tho favor would be gratefully remembered. Ilis own State would be ready to support a candidate of her own, and theco operating gratitude of the South, with incidental aid which opportunity might secure, would be sufficient for bucccsb. The origin of these ambitious aspira tions, in the mind of the Secretary, i3 distinctly mark ed bv numerous circumstances. Ilis pilgrimage to Virginia, his pompous visit of friendship 10 Mr. Craw ford, the incessant adulation which trom that time forward, his mouth pieces at. Albany and New York, lavished upon Virginia and every thing south of the Totomac, to an extent nauseous to the very objects of the flattery—these and many minor indications, sufficiently established the nature of his views, the time when he first conceived them, and the means through which he sought success- Now too, we first begin t > hear of his zeal for Stale flights-a zeal singu larlv deficient in good tcorks, for while the Senaioi from New York endeavored to propitiate the strict constructionists by professions of attachment to theii principles, and declarations of his purpose to aid ir recovering ‘'tholost rights of the Svatos, he contin ued to the lost, to vole for those measures of Im provement, by which those “lost rights” were ima ffined to be chiefly endangered. ” Such is a candid review, to the best of our belief of this mans public life, the evidence of h.s talents services, and attachment to principle; and tho clairnt which he offers for tho most responsible sta ion in the nation. Defective in detail it may be defective ir delinoation of character and claim, we do not believe it to be -defective in candor, wc know it not to be Whatever surprise one rnay feel at his rise, so tin common for its suddennc3?, so dnproportioned to the character of his intellect and services, and so colips iprr many others, bis superior* in every respect, he lin etfll risen, and it remains to account, for the gmmodo The first great cause undoubtedly, is the characte and pretensions of his native State, to conciliate which is a primary object with every administration and cv cry Presidential aspirant. We need look no farthc than the 3G electors of New York, for the proximal, cause of hi* selection as Secretary of State- VVhcthc lie desired a rc-clection or not, ttie President mus feel every disposition to keep in good hr.mor, a Stat< go able to disturb his administration. By what mean 2Ir- Von Bures had tjuuiogcd himself the eminence which turned the eyes of the President, and even of the President’s party, towards him as his prime Mi nister, without having attained the experience, rear ed the monuments, or undergone the probation which in all former instances were deemed essential, it re quires a scrutiny of his personel character and politics, to understand. For this scrutiny, we neither feel in clination or qualification. In the language of Ed mund Burke, it.may bo summarily affirmed that he was indebted for it to “a spirit and habit of low cabal and intrigue.” The Secretary is “A Alanago “For 1m o«oi breakfast lie’ll project a scheme, “Nor take his tea without a stratagem.” With every advantage of geographical position, an unscrupulous accommodation to the times, a self com mand that never makes a personal enemy,a cantiou j that never commits itself upon doubtful results, en tire prudence in talking, all the wisdom that is con tnined in the most comprehensive definition of cun ning, with the art or taming every thing that possi bly can be turned, to his personal advantage—by the force end unremitted exertion of these traits, the subject of these observations, has wriggled himscl into eminence, it may be safely asserted without the exhibition or possession, of one single great, gcu erous or striking quality. Were the value of men tal qualities to be estimated by comparative success, the life of the Secretary might lead us to prefer flat tery over plain dealing, trick and dexterity over rea- 1 soning, tact over honesty, and management over wis- I dom. The eelffsh cunning of the man needs no illustra tion; if it did, we might recite the means he has suc cessfully U9cd to secure a predominating influence over the mind of the President. It is well known that this has been by Ins ostentatious attentions to one, whom the President made it his darling object, to fori-e into a circle indisposed to receive her. The obsequious attentions of the Secretary of State, fa cilitated the important Slate purpose, and contribu ted to secure partial if no universal success. We might mentiou another instance, in his lingering at Albany, until the first fury of proscription \va9 ex hausted; thus gaming the credit of moderation, and uvouling any share of the odium, while his subse quent acts and previous intimations in the Senate, furnish the strongest presumptive evidence, that he was secretly using Ins influence to enlarge the 6phero of proscription To him too the nation is indebted for the attempt to introduce the party ma- hincry which lie had used in his. dirty work in New York, at Washington—for the philosophical attempt to identity Republicanism and Jacksonism—for the scheme of turning the Post Office into a parlizan in strument, and pander. The results of these move ments will be developed in a caucus nomination, and making Van Burentsm, the only test of Republican ism Mark the end. O' A meeting of the working men in the city of New York on Thursday last, nominated Erastus Root as Governor- The meeting was thinly attend ed, the Journal of Commerce says by about 150,the Sentinel by 175 or 200. Considering the population of New York, the meeting may be deemed a failure. In the interior, Francis Granger has received the nomination of the Telegraph, an antimasonic paper in Chenango County, and the Albany Argus seems to apprehend, will be nominated by the Antimasonic Convention in August. At this distance, the taking up of Gov Root, by a motion of the working men, the Worn out hack of the Regency, who have used him as long as his services were valuable, and so recently, bough* his acquies cence by the mission to Green Bay—the taking him up by those who profess to have it in view to put down the traders in politics, seems infinitely surpri sing. NOAH. Great pains have been taken by the apologists of the President, to represent Noah’s renornination after rejection by a full Senate, and when Air. Tazewell had gone no:ne, as occasioned by the particular re quest ot Gen. Marks, a Senator from Pennsylvania, who had voted against him. Gen. Alarks lives at Pittsburg, is now we believe there, and the conjecture is not improoable, that the following article from the Pittsburg Sta eBman, proceeded indirectly from him. It stamps tlic whole story with falsehood, and con firms what we stated, that if Gen. Alarks had been in his place, he would not have voted for Noan; thus placing the fact, if ‘ Justice” is well inlormcd, out ot controversy, that the renomination of Noah, was a pitiful calculation, founded upon Mr. Tazewell's ab sence, and Gen. Alarks’ illness. “Justice” seems to resent our having said (upon another’s authority) that Gen. Marks was of Jewish extraction. Were he acquainted with us personally, he would know that we did not intend any reflection on Gen. Marks, or consider it possible that such an extraction, could be u reflection upon any man. Jew or Gentile, li is all the samo to us. We respect a i Jew just as much as a Christian, if he personally de serves respect; would make a friend of him as soon, vote for him as soon. Not having the honour of Gen- Marks' acquaintance, we yet highly honor him as n man and a Senator. lie has proved himself ca : pablc and tearless, at a timo which tried the stuff of which men were made. . • Fob tiir Statesman. . j GEN. MARKS.—If I understand th scope of the excusatory ouservations of the Jackson papers, ' defending the conduct of the President in renomma r i tin" Air. ffoah, ns Surveyor of the Port of New York, ultor he nacl been rejected by a full Senate, every member in his place, our Senatar, Gen. Marks is ma<le to bear tnc iniquity, properly chargeable to the ’ president., himself. Noan and his friends, would tain s W)sf, ,t to' bo understood, that Jackson was induced , by General Marks’ declarations, to thus insult and , degrade -nc 0- S. Senate! Who, that knows the parties, can for a moment place confidence in this ! new trick, to aid official responsibility. General ’ .if arks had about as much to do with the rc-nomina t, tiou of Noah, as lie bnd with Mlat of IWutrjn llrrfnr and Noah himself knows ihis well. The course pur sued by Gen Marks, in voting on the nominations made by the president at the last session of Congress, was a liberal one. When the term of office (four years) had expired, and the president re-nominated a new man, one of his own kidney, if his cliaructcr was fair and unimpeached, the nomination was unop posed. Where a nomination was made, displacing an honest and capable officer, whose term of office had not expired, such course being considered as op posed to the general policy observed by all fo rmer ad ministrations, the nomination was oppo-e'dand voted against. Gt-n. Marks was. ill and confined *o his room, I believe to his bed, at the time of the rc-uoin nation of JTonh; and JSToah knew as well as Jackson did, that he was unable to attend; but that if he did attend he would vote agaiust the re-nomination, as he had do**? in the first instance. It was said that the predecessor of Noah had been removed for cause —that he had officially misbehaved, and did not give public satisfaction in his office.—If this were the tact, as is alledged by Jfonh and his friends, it would, per haps, have induced Gen. Marks to alter bis vote, hod ho been present But these representations, made by Noah aud Ills friends, tumeU-uut upo£ enquiry to be unfounded, and I can only say that, under such circumstances, it was fortunate for JJonh, that Gen. Marks was sick and unable to attend the Senate, when the vote was taken on his nomination. This is my understanding of the affair. Some of thepupers, among others the fliv/tuwnd fVUig, make out Gen. Marks to he of JewUh extraction, m order to account for his alledged partiality to JVbah—this is of a piece with the rest of the slorics put in circulation, and entitled to about as much consideration. JUSTICE. “TIIE OATH.” The National IntoHigencer. to account for tlie lit tle Hollander's degrading tho Government, by run ning down to Norfolk with the despatches for the Russian Plenipotentiary, instead of requiring him to repair to Washington, related what it had heard, that whenJMr. Randolph last crossed the Potoinac, j he “swprc an oath" never to do it again. This lias called out the.gcntleman who was probably the com- ! municant of the anecdote; he seems vastly Uneasy a bout it, and puts another face upon it. Ilis state- ■ mentis, that Mr. Randolph when crossing Potomac Bridge, and whilst paying toll, observed^ (as the an ecdotist thinks, in clluston to his bad health) “that he should (or would) never cross that bridge again.” This we presume is the true version, of a most grave and important affair. Whether he “swore tho oath” or did not swear it, is wo imagine, of the least possible consequeneo. THE WEST INDIA TRADE. The New York Morning Herald of the 23d, furn ishes the following letter from London. It opens some new views in connexion with the negotiation for a recovery of the Colonial trade—rather imagi nary wo should think. The allusion to “King” Arthur, reminds us of a pleasant anecdote told of George IV. by Mr. Bar bour. His majesty always cails the Duke of Wel lington, Arthur: “Arthur he said, waaj^ing of Eng land, O'Connel of Ireland, and himself of YVindsor ” Was oxrr military chieftain such a man as this same Arthur, so self-dependent, so truly intrepid and ener getic, oi bQch masculine and Vigorous common sense, instead of being what lie is, impotent but for revenge’ one might forget that arms, not talents or merit, were the instrument of his elevation Fraxn our (Correspondent. London, May I, 1830. The West India trade, or as it is termed here, the Colonial Question, is as far from being settled as ever. My opinion which has been formed after re peated conversations with many clever and respec table polit ician:; of this country, is briefly this. The English Government suppose that we ore to derive some great advantage from the West India trade; this, in their political system, is equivalent to some great injury to them, and tho fretful anxiety evin ced by our Government, to settle this question, con ! firms them in their views. You must not be surprized | if you hear that the English Government have pos itively refused to listen to any proposition respec ting the West India Trade, or if they permit it to bo mentioned at all, it is only as a sort of bait to in duce our minister to receive h proposition from them. ; Honest John, as he calls himself, is shut out from ; the Canadas for six months in the year. Now if i ho could only induce our Government to permit him j to land h:s goods at New York, to have them seal j od and sent through the cunals, rail roads, &.c. of that State to Canada nt all seasons, perhaps, under certain restrictions. Jonathan may be allowed tosup ; ply Jamaica, <yc.,with lumbor and other notions.— Ag >m, wo want the navigation of the St. Lawrence, or at least wo are supposed to warn it. Now bv : the treaty of peace of 1783, confirmed by the treaty of 17'J4, the navigation tf the .Mississippi is declared free and open forever to the subjects Great Britain. This privilege, as it stands now. is a dead letter, but when the canals connecting the tributaries of this river with Lake Eric shall be completed, it will be a matter of great interest to the English Governnv'nt to obtain the right of passage, as a voyage may then be effected from the Canada's to Jamaica in 14 or to ; days. It is rumored here, that tho Government have i made propositions of this nature to our Minister, and it remains to be seen whether they will be acceded to. I give you these reports ns ] hear them, without vouching for tlicir accuracy. The health of tiie King is the all absorbing topic of the day. Ilis death will not produce any change in the system of policy now in opera:ion. for King Arthur, ns lie is called, is too firmly established in public opinion to be easily laid on the shelf The /Joncral impression rooms to be, that the King cannot last more than two months longer. I am. respectfully. O’ Wc conclude this morning, tlio documents ac companying the 4th Auditor’s Itepoit on the accounts of Lieut. Randolph. That gentleman will be heard from in a few days. His personal friends, apprised of the character of his materials fur defence, feel the greatest confidence in his bring able to sustain himself in the most satisfac tory manner. U. S. ship Concord, Capt. Perry,sailed from Hamp ton Roads on Monday morning, for Russia, with Mr. Randolph and Suite on hoard. THI KSIMV WOICMX., ji l,V ?, iH.to. THE RUSSIAN PLENIPOTENTIARY^^ On Saturday last, a dinner was given to the Rus sian Ambassador, at Saint’s Exchange, Nojfolfr, ir* R Caok, Es". Mtfvor, rrrcsftlin^r, ass?c’4!wby 1 ® ^ • • • • v ii* m ■iMfci ■ ai tmmmm —■jm _■_ Messrs Walter F. Junes. John W. Alurdaugh, Geo. T Kcnccn, &nj Joim Tabb, as Vice Presidents.— Messrs. Tazewell and Loyn'l, Capt. Perry ofthe Con cord, and several other gentlemen were present as guests. 1 he following were the set toasts: K»1 he Sovereignty of ilie States: The key stone of the Union.—-When upon the ground of expedien cy, wc compromise the former, the latter will indeed become “a by tcord amort«■ the nations ” 2. Virginia: VV hat tbmigh tier soil be not intersec ted with Canals, or studded with Toll-Gates. While her broad rivers flow through her fields and her for ests. and her Sons stand by the principles of their Fa thers, she will neither ask. nor will she receive the largesses of the General Government. 3. Andrew Jackson, President ofthe United States. 4 John Floyd, Governor of Virginia 5. Our Guest—John Randolph oT Roanoke—Iden tified during his whole political career with the stur dy maxima and honest doctrines of republicanism. dLx Ilepiibticans we tender him the most acceptable ho mage by adhering to his principles. [This toast was dru- k standing—when Air Itan do/ph immediately rose and in his usually felicitous style, returned thanks for the distinguished honor done him in theXoast which had just been given, and spoke for about 15 minutes. It would afibrd us much pleasure, (asAve are sure it would many of our read ers,) could wc present even a faithful synopsis of his impressive remarks; our memory and want of space, both preclude us the satisfaction at this time. Mr. R. concluded by ottering the following toast, winch was drunk with three times three: By Air. Randolph.—Prospcrty and success, now and forever, to the ancient Borongh of Norfolk. G. “The eld Republican party in New England— The worthy successors of John Langdou—though they left us for a time, they have returned to us, their old, naturul and approved allies. [Sec Jno. Randolph’s speech on retrenchment ] 7. “The honest observance of Constitutional Com pacts—when it cannot be obtained from communities like ours, it need not be anticipated elsewhere.” [Ex tract from the President’s Alcssagc on the Alaysnlle Rond Bill.] C. Pi.blie virtue and individual honesty: the origin and the safe-guard of all republican institutions. 9. Strict economy in the Administration of the Government. The principles of the Constitution aiul the happiness of the People: not splendid schemes and visionarv projects tO. Toe Union: “Only to be preserved by keep ing the General and iStute Governments within their respective spheres ot action, as marked ont by the Constitution of the United States.” [Virginia Res olutions of 11127.] 11. The rejection of the Maysviile R;*ad Bill— it falls upon the ear like the music of other days. Drank standing—Clivers, 3 times 3. 12. The amended Constitution of Virginia—a change in the mode, not in tlie principles ot our Gov ernment—our Bill of Rights remains untouched 1”. The Tariff—"a piece of tcssciated Mosaic without cement”—Lot domestic ’industry be protec ted, but not with thai partial protection uhicn filches the earnings of millions to lavish bounties on a lew Cheers, 3 times 3 Various volunteers were given, of which no lesi than four were from mo Plenipotentiary himself besides emendations of two given by other gentle ; men: By John Randolph ol Roanoke. The memory c Meriwether Jones, Editoi of the • Phi-aminer,’ in th reign ot terror—the shield and speur of the Old'Re publican party in the darkest day ihut ever I san since the invasion ol Arnold and Philip?. By John Randolph. Home: the patriot’s best an only country: C'ce/rrm non animiroi mutant qvi Irons more currant. By Joun Ranu. Ip ot Roanoke. The People May they bear in mind the advice of Polomus, k;ti thine own sell be true, at d a must follow, 11s the mgh the ii:iy, thou canst not tlinu be false to any man.” By John S. MilJson.-»-The ultimate opennion o the ‘“American System;” seeming splendour and ac tutu waul—Midas starving on Ins golden banquet. tt_r Witn his ass’s ears—(amended by Mr. Ran dolph.) By \V. E. Cunningham. The birth dav of Thus Jefferson—May its anniversary celebrations aid ir bringing back the Government to th& principles o '98. [Remark by Mr. Randolph.—-It will require stron gir physic to'di that.]* By Tho. G. Broughton.— John Randolph—Hot? ever we may sometimes differ from him, we canno say that lie ever gave a vote to impose a burthen oi the people* (to which at Mr. Randolph’s request, \va addedjor to nbndge mcir liberties. By Mr Tazewell.—Nathaniel Macon—The spot j less purity of his example, has ever illustrated * th< ; profound precepts ol his wisdom. By Mr. Loyall—The Federal Government—Estab lished by the Suites—in its rc/iole constitutional vigot the States will preserve it at every hazard By VV. W Sharp.—Benj. Watkins Leigh—Nc; ther ancient nor modern history furnishes u name t illustrate his unappreciated merit. (Mr Leigh is er titled to high admiration for his abilities, Unnd h social worth and excellence, but Mr. S wo fane bus gone n halt too far. Some writer in a reccr sketch ofMr. \\ ebstcr, says ho has suffered mor from the injudicious, uiidiscriminaling, praises < his iricnds, than Iron all the attacks of his enemies By J. W. Murduugh, 2d Vico President.—Th Va. Senators—They have the firmness and pairiotisi to oppose the Executive, when they differ with hii in opinion—they are friends indeed, (worthy of a Re publican, and man of sense.) Mr. T.izc veil made a spo-’cli. “chiefly in rcfercnc to his social am) political connexion” with Mr. Rar | dolph—Mr. Loyall also addressed the company. Their speeches arc not furnished. Mr. RandoTp . spoke,says the Beacon, for about I5 minutes. Th J dinner was not entirely confined to party lines. Be ! tween 80 and 90 present. * A very equivocal compiimr nf—in 1813, it woul i have boon supposed fa smack a little of federalism o i something worse—Ed. Whig. i ° ___ Jefferson'9 opinion of ('lay—The l’rnvidenci “literary Subaltern,’’ contains a letter from Mr. Jet ferson to a distinguished manufacturer arid cnpitnlis L of Massachusetts, written in the year 1023. Wi republish it for the satisfaction of th«’ many and in t creasing admirers of Henry Clay—a name, which n the poetic language of a Norfolk to st, docs indeed “fall upon the ear, like the music of other days.’ Almost every indication of the time announces th< certain fulfilment of Mr. Jefferson's prediction With a name that rings throughout the civilizer world, talent3that his bitfefest foes pauso to praisi and admire, >vhilo envy arms their tongues, and ma lice fills their hearts, and with personal quniitic: which tssr*re ca’fcusiaaiD, it is irrrp->??ib!e tfja* a creak i , . j • .> \ i———iiinr i n 1 malignant, persecuting aod distracted administfati 1 cao stand before him- Sion of kind and generous I feelings—men who wish to see the restoration of * hf> 4fl days of toleration and liberality—men who are Repob* ^ licans in their daily lives, who practise it, and not merely bet'out it—men who wish to see age, talent, experience and respectability once more assume their na'ive superiority, ahd office-hunters, slanderers, and toad-eaters, sink into their proper insignificance-*-, all such men, with few exceptions, will ultimately gravitate to Hemy Ciay—the brave, the generous, and the magnanimous. We are no Prophets, hot Wa believe it as it We already saw it. Montickt-lo, lilay 25y 1823* Dear Sir: 1 have received your letter of the » of this month; and at the same time, was deliverer! me by Cnpt. Barlow, apiece of domestic fahne callr led negro doth continuing twenty six yards, to*’mv acceptance and inspection. J thunk yoa* for the I kind and very fluttering expressions contained in your j letter; and for the hanusotue present of the cloth 1 i should lie happy to return vou something more so’lin j than empty thunks. 1 have examined the cloth, and although I axn of opinion that n is well calculated for the dress of ne gro slaves, who reside in South Carolina and the more genial climates of the South, l am fearful thah ! it would not he found adequate to ihe wants ot tfcct Virginia slave. For the summer, it woold be ro*» waun—lor the Winter tod cold; still, if yon could igi prove the fabric, bj' putting a little moio wool iu tfio tilling, and mixing a little with the warp, I do neb know but it might he found adequate to ail oar pap puses. r ' . Vou . sk my opinion of the American System3*-* Relative to that somewhat aosorbing question, J should hope, that the whole of my past life and poli cy had giveu a satisfactory reply. I have alwayja been oi opinion, that the people of this nation should manutnc.nre all tho fabneks that thms exigencies demand, it they can do so, and they can do so with out applying to ihe workshopo of England, Franccv and Germany, who will doubt.. Cottons, and wool lens, wo make in rare abundance, and of a quality j quite good enough to answer all our wants and dc : mauds; why then should wc travel to Europe far effp supplies'* For our s.lks ami fine linens, wo most, j for some lime to come, go to the workshops of Ef» j rope; but 1 oppichend that tljedoy iB not far distant | When even they will be manufactured by native m j (lustry. v | You ask my opinion of the mer.ts of ftlr. fliagy | Glat, and his policy for the protection of domestic i industry and manufactures. These are qneuMoQs winch 1 feel some delicacy about answering, first-, i because Mr Clay is now a candidate for ti.e Pregi i ricn. y, and secondly, I never yet fully understood to what ends his policy extends; and although t will advance my opinions relative to the qiiesTiorm you put to me, 1 inu3i b g lhat you wiU mat 1 at this juncture givo my views to the puB lic ihiougn ti.e press As for Mr. Gt-AV, I con rider lnm to be one of the mo*t talented and brit lun.t men and slutesmen thai the country has crr.r produced, and should I live inauy year* longer, I hope io see him hold the pla o of chief ©xecnlivo ; of the American repubho. His career, thus ficr fcu , life, haMieen a career ot glory, and ho has achieve . . ed that tor his country whilst engaged in her caimt% j which won id ornament th. bnghest ptaco in Urn escutcheon of Ihe most favored statesman of any f age or nation I say thus nmch in reply to yofly 2 interrogatories, hut, as I said before. I do not wish - io have my remarks given to the press, for the sim » pie reason, tlrat this country is involved in a polili °*l excitement, in which I nm not disposed fj& 1 take part, as 1 have long since resolved not to take part in the politics of the times. My wrist, whuffr is quite lime, admonishes me to discontinue tbfe : **^sly note. With assurances of the mast perfh3 > respect, I Sin x*otir obliged fellow citizen: ■j ' Til OS. JEFFERSON ' j 1•'OSJn.MCATtD. | ‘ In Kentucky theru is of course the greaicfst dm*, gci. 1 he great body of the Bar, the merchants, tbTfl monied part of the Society aie on the sido of U. Clny-^but the democracy of the State fc agaitfsb [•; The above passage- is extracted from an editorial ; article in the Richmond Enquirer of the 29th June’; | in which Mr. Ritchiu very ridiculously endeavors l?» prove that I resident Jackson’s fame and popularity have been vastly extended since tho rejection of tiro Maysvil'e Road B ll. Mr. R. acknowledges bowit I. Vdr that Kentucky is ,n danger,—but the most rutf’ i ous part of the passage is Hint in Which the lawycqV, s the merchants and monied men are placed in opposi tion to the Democracy of the State. The Democrd -ryot the State is opposed to Henry Clayv—but thd ; great body ol the Bar—the merchants and monitiil rnen are in his favor; ergo the latter are all (rrisfocrat* - It Mr Ritchie means that all the'people of Kentwbj , except iho lawyers, merchants, and monied men> or*i democrats, then how can he think that there ts any - doubt about Kentucky;—for I presume That not odd o in ion of the whole population is either a lawyer, Vl - merchant or a momed man. If this new politics! s classification is good in Kcniucky—why not also ?n y 1 Virginia. Our lawyers and merchants will owe Mr. t J\itcliie one—-for styling them all aristocrats. The e ; truth is Mr. Ritchie has caught this miserable slang* 'I* about Democracy from his friend tho Secretary of ) State. That gentleman is particularly distinguished e;for his hypocritical earning about the Republican n Party'.— the Democracy of the country’—The exact n pie of Mr. Woodbury origin to leach a valuable - lesson on this subject. That demagogue was eter nally whining and earning •jbmit the Democracy, and fi behold how the Democracy have treated him!_i3r> will it be with the cunning little magician. His * j stratagems and wiles cannot avail him long. TKp -j whirlwind of New York Democracy will soon over* I, i whelm liis oiry schemes. AN OBSERVER. NEW GOODS. £ S NELLSON has received Englrsh end French -* -*• ginghams, black and colored mandarins and ;.n,rnv renew, fine and superfino < aliicocs, rich bnrca'o •, and gauze i dkis and senrfir, French cambric hdkfe r Co,ton *'\k howry, 7-(> an,| 4_4 ,incn3i of fa •' texture black and colored Circassians. French meri no bombazine, Rouen css.-imere, black and fancy Flo rentine vesting, white and colored Marseilles •' plain and worked Swur and book muplin, VV|fb ncty of other seasonable good-, which arc r , ft v3.' ; very low prices. * ,/fcred ot wibmIfltL l H i.'a^LTn tnf,aI’) a» five dollars *** tw,C(' " " I! ,n ?.dva"™ f*‘ annum, pa>-aHo ! . F?r advertising—75 cent, a - , * > jnsertion, and 50 r»nl» for each , Lt. (<n ,Cs!> for 'be fir* . insertion* must ba noted on the Ms n"anc,*~ 1 be number of r^sn^,ZT^T^4 '“'r b” I rctotve on a.ienilotv ' m 1 ',c C*' pa—. or thoy - r»S7¥V dlWEsn£ sr/r^rT** ■ " i *■